Device of orientation of sample for nanotechnological complex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of nanotechnology, and can be used in automated transport systems of transmission and positioning of the sample in vacuum and controlled gaseous environment. The device comprises means of gripping the sample and the mechanism of moving it, the sample carrier in the form of a ring shaped along the outer circumference. The means of gripping comprises a platform, two pairs of rollers arranged pairwise on opposite edges of the platform and made with the elements of interaction with the carrier sample and the drive of movement of the rollers along the horizontal axis. The mechanism of moving the means of gripping comprises a U-shaped frame connected to the drive of movement along the vertical axis, mounted on the bottom of the device. The U-shaped frame covers with its lugs the platform of the means of gripping of the sample, and the rotation drive of the means of gripping around the horizontal axis and the rotation drive of one of the rollers is mounted on them separately.
EFFECT: device enables to perform independent functions of orientation and rotation of the sample with the working surface up or down, the function of the mechanism of inter-operational transfer of the sample from one chamber of the cluster to another without rotation and orientation of the sample.
8 cl, 8 dwg
The invention relates to the field of nanotechnology and can be used in automated transport systems transfer and positioning of the sample in vacuum and a controlled gas environment.
A device for stacking and orientation of the cylindrical sleeve (1), containing the capture tool bushing: housing and lever spring clamp. There is also a mechanism of orientation of the bushings on the clamping elements in the form of a spring-loaded needle and a rotating roller for rotation of the sleeve at the time of the search database.
The function of this device is limited. For example, it is impossible to perform if necessary technological revolution products by 180°.
It is also known transfer device and the orientation of the workpieces (2). It has a head with attached captures blanks, as well as the transfer mechanism and orientation of workpieces, performs the function of a coup by 180° when moving the workpiece from one fixed position processing to another. During this revolution of the workpiece is interrelated function of their orientation on the position of the processing. This device is used as a prototype. It has a major drawback, namely the inability to perform independently orientation and the coup of the product in accordance with the terms of the technological process, which limits its functionality.
T is khnicheskie result of the invention consists in expanding the functionality of the device.
The technical result is achieved by the fact that the specimen orientation for nanotechnological complex containing the capture tool sample and the mechanism for moving the tool in the orientation of the sample, the latter is equipped with a media sample with elements of orientation, and the capture tool includes a platform mounted to rotate around a horizontal axis, and two pairs of rollers arranged in pairs at opposite edges of the platform. Thus the rollers are made with elements of interaction with the media sample. The capture tool also has the drive movement of the rollers along the horizontal axis, and the mechanism for moving the gripper includes a U-shaped frame connected to the drive movement along the vertical axis, which is mounted on the base of the device. U-shaped frame your eyes covers the platform of the gripper sample and separately installed: drive rotation of the gripper around the horizontal axis and the rotation drive one of the rollers.
The media sample is made in the form of a ring, formed on the outer circumference which mates with the elements of the interaction of the rollers in the form of the response profile, with the sample mounted on the first flat side of the carrier, and the orientation elements of the sample on the second flat side is the La.
Transfer drive rollers contains lead screw with right and left screw cuts, coupled with the right and left chassis nuts connected by rods with the respective pair of rollers, each of which is mounted on the guide located on the platform along the horizontal axis, with one of the pairs of rollers is spring-loaded thrust.
The platform is equipped with two half-shafts mounted in the lugs of the U-shaped frame, the actuator rotation of the gripper around the horizontal axis is associated with one of the axes with angular gear rotation, and the rotation drive of one of the videos made in the form of contactless transmission of rotation, and the leading part is installed on the shaft of the drive and driven part fixed to the roller axis.
The platform also contains an orientation sensor sample, coupled with guide grooves on the second flat side of the carrier and the sensor of the extreme angular positions of the platform during its rotation around the horizontal axis.
When this sensor orientation of the sample is made in the form of a cylindrical roller with an axis of rotation coincident with axis orientation of the sample, and the roller is mounted on the first flexible contact plate orientation sensor, in turn, the second rigid contact plate orientation sensor mounted on the platform
The sensor of the extreme angular positions of the platform is made in the form of the contact group, including a two-position rotary contact mounted on the axis of the platform, and both paired fixed contact mounted on the eyelet of a U-shaped frame.
When this thrust spring of the pair of rollers are made of a composite in the form of a telescopic connection of the two parts, and both parts of one rod coupled by means of compression springs.
In the drawings showing the proposed design of the device orientation model for nanotech complex.
In Fig.1 provides a front view of the device with the sample found on the media sample.
In subsequent figures, the sample is conventionally not shown. In Fig.2 is a top view of the proposed device.
In Fig.3 (front view) and Fig.4 (bottom view) is represented as a separate node capture tool sample.
In Fig.5 shows the axonometric projection of the version of the device orientation of the sample.
In Fig.6 given the scheme of installation of the sensor orientation of the sample and its interaction with the media sample.
In Fig.7 given the scheme of installation of the sensor the extreme angular positions of the platform.
In Fig.8 (view in plan) presents the scheme of nanotechnological complex consists of two connected together clusters of process chambers connected in Proc. of spartoi system with the specimen orientation.
Sample 1 (Fig.1) is a device on the capture tool 2 which is associated with the mechanism 3 to move the gripper 2, the sample 1 is equipped with a carrier 4, which has elements of orientation 5 (see description of Fig.3). The capture tool 2, in turn, contains the platform 6 located on opposite edges of the platform, two pairs of rollers 7 and 8 (see also Fig.2), which are communication elements 9 with the carrier 4 of the sample (see description of Fig.3), and transfer drive rollers 10 along the horizontal axis O1-O1.
Mechanism 3 to move the gripper 2 has a U-shaped frame 11 connected to the actuator 12 to move the vertical axis O2-O2which is mounted on the base 13.
In the eyes of a U-shaped frame 11 is inserted two shafts 14 located on the opposite edges of the platform 6. In the eyes of a U-shaped frame 11 installed separately drive rotation 15 of the gripper 2 around a horizontal axis O1-O1and the drive rotation 16 of one of the rollers 7. All applied in the device, the actuators can be performed using stepper motors, for example, F. Faulhaber, model AM2224-AV-12-75.
Swing drive 15 is connected to one of the axes 14 via the angular gear rotation 17, for example a conical gear, and the rotational drive 16 Sopra the Yong with one of the rollers 7, for example, using a magnetic coupling, the leading portion 18 which are mounted on the drive shaft rotation 16, and the driven portion 19 on the axis of the roller 7.
The carrier 4, the sample can be made in the form of a ring with a triangular protrusion 20 (see Fig.3) on the outer circumference, which is associated with a triangular groove 21 on the outer contour of each of the rollers. The sample 1 is mounted on the first flat side 22 of the carrier 4, and the orientation elements of the made in the form of guide grooves 23 on the second flat side 24 of the carrier 4.
The drive movement 10 (see Fig.4) rollers contains lead screw 25 with two screw cuts the opposite direction, for example the right 26 and left 27 directions that involve two right 28 and left drive nut 29. While one of the chassis screws, for example running nut 29, connected by rigid rods 30 with a pair of rollers 8, despite the fact that each of the rollers has its axis on the guide 31, which is located on the platform 6 along the horizontal axis O1-O1a pair of rollers 7 is spring-loaded on their rods, which are made integral to form the telescopic connection of the two parts 32 and 33 and the two parts are mated by means of a compression spring 34.
The platform 6 is an orientation sensor pattern 35 and the sensor extreme angular positions 36 of the platform 6 (see Fig.2, 5, 6). Orientation sensor sample 35 (see the further discussion of Fig.6) made in the form of a cylindrical roller 37 with the axis of rotation, coinciding with axis orientation of the sample Y1(see also Fig.8), and the roller 37 is mounted on the first flexible contact plate 38, while the second rigid contact plate 39 of this sensor is installed on the platform 6. The sensor extreme angular positions 36 (see Fig.2, 5, 7) is made in the form of the contact group, consisting of a two-position rotary contact 40 mounted on shafts 14 and two stationary contacts 41, mounted on the eyelet of a U-shaped frame 11.
The scheme of installation of the device orientation in the transport system of the transmission of the sample nanotech complex consists of two connected together clusters of process chambers, as shown in Fig.8.
The orientation device is located in a vacuum chamber 42, which is connected with the chambers 43 and 44, containing robots-distributors 47, each of which is associated with the process chambers 45 clusters. The device orientation is perpendicular coordinate axes orientation of the sample X1-Y1where the X-axis1collinear with a line transfer of the sample from the chamber 43 to the robotic dispenser in the vacuum chamber 42, and the Y1coincides with the axis O1-O1the location of the orientation sensor 35 of the sample (see Fig.2). Process chamber 45 containing elements of the orientation of the sample 46, for example a spherical bearing oriented along mutually perpendicular coordinate axes X 2-Y2where the X-axis2collinear line transfer of the sample from the process chamber 45 into the chamber 44 of the robot is distributor.
The proposed device operates as follows.
Robot-distributor 47 (see Fig.8) auxiliary chamber 43, serving, for example, process chamber 45 cluster group of technologies, including cameras pulsed laser deposition, magnetron sputtering, molecular beam epitaxy, and so on, his arm moves the sample mounted on the carrier 4 in this case, the working surface down from the process chamber in the area of the gripper 2 device (see Fig.1).
To harmonize the provisions on the vertical axis O2-O2the carrier 4 and the gripper 2 comprises a travel drive 12.
Then include the travel drive 10, the rotating lead screw 25 (see Fig.4), and using the traveling nuts 28, 29, rigid rods 30, spring-loaded telescopic rods 32, 33 move along the horizontal axis along the guide rails 31 two pairs of rollers 7 and 8. The rollers its triangular grooves 21 (see Fig.3) are paired with a triangular protrusion 20 of the ring carrier 4 and fix it in the capture tool 2.
After that, the robot-distributor goes out of conjugation with the ring carrier 4, thereby leaving the sample in the device.
Then the coup sample of 18° around the horizontal axis of the working surface up for subsequent transfer to the local cluster technologies. This enables the drive of turn 15 (see Fig.1), using the angular gear rotation 17 rotates the platform 6 of the gripper 2 on the axes 14. The angle of rotation is recorded by the sensor at angular positions 36 of the platform 6 (see Fig.2).
After this is done, the orientation of the sample relative to the coordinate axes X1-Y1the camera 42 of the device orientation (see Fig.8). Included rotation drive 16, which, through coupling 18 and 19 transmits the rotation of one of the roller 7 (see Fig.1).
The carrier 4 is rotated until the guide groove 23 on the second flat side 24 of the carrier is fixed by the orientation sensor sample 35 (see Fig.2, 3).
Next to harmonize provisions on the vertical axis About2-O2the carrier 4 and the robot-distributor 47, service of process chamber of the cluster local technologies, enables the drive move 12 (see Fig.1). After the robot-distributor 47 out of conjugation with the ring carrier 4, is included on the reverse of the transfer drive 10 and two pairs of rollers 7 and 8 out of contact with the ring carrier 4.
Next, the robot dispenser 47 (see Fig.8) auxiliary chamber 44 transports the sample in the process chamber 45 of the local cluster of technologies with a focus on coordinate axes X2-Y2the clamping elements 46 Kama is s, allowing local coordinate processing of the sample, for example, focused ion beam, scanning probe system with gas injection and so on
Thus, in the proposed device are independent functions of the orientation of the sample and the coup sample surface up or down depending on the processing technology in a particular cluster of process chambers.
In addition, in the case when there is no technological need of the coup sample and the treatment should be continued in the neighbouring cell cluster, the device may perform only the function of holding mechanism of transmission media sample from one cell cluster to another without revolution and orientation that enhances the technical and functional capabilities of the device.
Sources of information
1. RF patent N2257993, IPC B23Q, 7/08 from 22.12.2003.
2. The mechanisms. Directory edited Kozhevnikova. "Engineering", 1976, Fig.13.14.
1. The device for orientation of the sample nanotech complex, containing the capture tool (2) sample (1) and (3) the movement of the gripper (2) when the orientation of the sample, characterized in that it is provided with a carrier (4) sample with elements of orientation (5), the capture tool (2) includes a platform (6)set can be rotated horizontally around the axis and containing two pairs of rollers (7) and (8), arranged in pairs at opposite edges of the platform (6), made with elements of the interaction (9) with the carrier (4) of the sample, and the travel drive (10) of the rollers along the horizontal axis, while the mechanism (3) movement of the gripper (2) contains a U-shaped frame (11)connected to the drive movement along the vertical axis (12)mounted on the base (13), and U-shaped frame (11) by its lugs covers the platform (6) of the gripper (2), and on the lugs U-frame (11) separately installed drive rotation (15) of the gripper (2) around a horizontal axis and a rotation drive (16) of one of the rollers.
2. The device under item 1, characterized in that the carrier (4) sample is made in the form of a ring with a profile (20) on the outer circumference of the mating elements of the interaction (9) rollers in the form of the response profile (21), and the orientation elements of the (5) sample fixed on the first flat side (22) of the carrier (4)made in the form of guide grooves (23) on the second flat side (24) of the carrier (4).
3. The device under item 1, characterized in that the drive movement (10) rollers contains lead screw (25) with two screw cuts the opposite direction, such as right and left, and right (28) and left (29) drive nut connected by rods (30) and (32) with the respective pair of rollers (7) and (8), each of which is mounted n the guide (31), located on the platform (6) along the horizontal axis, with one of the pairs of rollers is spring-loaded on their rods.
4. The device under item 1, characterized in that the platform (6) has two axes (14)mounted in the lugs of the U-shaped frame (11), the drive of rotation (15) of the gripper (2) around a horizontal axis is associated with one of the axes (14) using the angular transmission of rotation (17), the drive rotation (16) of one of the videos made in the form of contactless transmission of rotation, and the leading part of (18) are mounted on the drive shaft of rotation (16)and the driven part (19) is fixed on the axis of one of the rollers.
5. The device under item 1, characterized in that the platform (6) contains an orientation sensor of the sample (35), coupled with guide grooves (23) on the second flat side (24) of the carrier (4), and the sensor extreme angular positions (36) platform (6) when it is rotated around the horizontal axis.
6. The device under item 5, characterized in that the sensor orientation of the sample (35) is made in the form of a cylindrical roller (37), the axis of rotation of which coincides with axis orientation of the sample, the cylindrical roller (37) is mounted on the first flexible contact plate (38) of the sensor, and the second rigid contact plate (39) of the sensor installed on the platform (6).
7. The device under item 5, characterized in that the sensor of the extreme angular positions (6) of the platform (6) is made in the form of the contact group, includes a two-position rotary contact (40), mounted on the axis (14) of the platform (6), and two paired fixed contact (41)mounted on the eyelet of a U-shaped frame (11).
8. The device according to p. 3, characterized in that the thrust spring of the pair of rollers are made of a composite in the form of a telescopic connection of the two parts (32) and (33), both parts (32) and (33) one rod coupled by means of a compression spring (34).
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of micro- and nano-electronics that uses short-term and combined power sources. In particular, the invention can be used as an energy accumulator. The method of manufacturing a planar condenser of extended capacity comprises creation of first electrode by forming the conductive layer with the extended surface on the conductive electrode base, formation of the thin dielectric layer uniform in thickness, repeating the surface relief of the conductive layer with the extended surface, and creation of the second electrode by filling the voids with the conductive material between the irregularities of the first electrode coated with the dielectric layer, formation of the conductive layer with the extended surface is formed of a material having anisotropy of conductivity of electric current such that in the horizontal direction the electric conductivity is higher than the electrical conductivity in the vertical direction.
EFFECT: creation of a planar condenser of extended capacity with a higher specific capacity.
11 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: nanoobjects sorting method (objects with at least one spatial dimension within the range from ~0.05 nm up to ~500 nm) wherein a) the initial mix with any primary content of electrically conductive nanoobjects and more electrically conductive nanoobjects contact any part of liquid substance surface; b) energy of the above mix of nanoobjects is transmitted so that different nanoobjects depending on degree of their conductivity are subjected to different degree of heating (per time unit), at that during any non-zero period of time upon beginning of the energy transmission T temperature is maintained in any part of the above contact substance surface at the level sufficient for compliance with at least one of the following conditions: (1) temperature T differential module for any part of the above surface of the contact substance and temperature of its active evaporation (Te) is less than ΔTn (i.e. |Te-T|<ΔTn), (2) temperature T differential module for any part of the above surface of the contact substance and temperature of the active chemical reaction threshold with the above substance (Tcs) is less than ΔTn (i.e. |Tcs-T|<ΔTn), (3) temperature T differential module for any part of the above surface of the contact substance and temperature of the active chemical reaction threshold with nanoobjects (Tcn) is less than ΔTn (i.e. |Tcn-T|<ΔTn)), and moreover it is provided that nanoobjects heated up to different temperature (Tn) are subjected to different degree of fixation with the contact surface (up to failure to fix), c) non-fixed and weakly fixed nanoobjects are separated from the surface and d) at least one spatially separated object is received out of pluralities of nanoobjects, which contains nanoobjects with the average conductivity differing from the average conductivity of nanoobjects in the initial mix.
EFFECT: improving the efficiency of sorting.
7 cl, 1 dwg, 12 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to technological processes, namely to methods of realising chemical processes, in particular to the field of general and special catalysis, as well as to the creation of novel materials with special properties for the realisation of the said processes. The invention can be used for manufacturing thermochemical catalytic reactors of steam fuel conversion and chemical regeneration of heat, chemical current sources, fuel elements. In the method of a nanocatalytic material manufacturing obtaining a catalytically active layer on a metal carrier is carried out by the application of a powder composition by means of high-energy processes of the heterophase transfer with the application of two or more autonomously working devices on the metal carrier. The carrier has through holes, made by notching or by the other way of perforation. An area of the through holes of the metal carrier constitutes from 0.1 to 0.7 cm2, thickness of the catalytically active layer is from 100 to 200 mcm.
EFFECT: obtaining the nanocatalytic material, characterised by higher process efficiency, conditioned by an efficient mass-exchange in a reaction zone and the presence of through porosity, higher specific surface of the material due to the polydisperse structure and the presence of microporosity, higher strength of adhesion of the catalytic layer to the metal carrier.
4 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of nanotechnologies, namely to flame-arc technology of synthesis of nanostructural composite materials. The proposed method of synthesis of nanostructural composite CeO2-PdO material in plasma of electric discharge comprises evacuation of vacuum chamber, filling it with inert gas, ignition of the electric direct-current arc between the graphite electrode and the metal-carbon composite electrode which is a graphite rod with the cavity perforated in the centre, and spraying the composite electrode. At that in the plasma of electric arc discharge the metal-carbon composite electrode is sprayed, in which cavity drilled in the centre the rod of cerium is mounted, which is wrapped in palladium foil, and the weight ratio Pd/Ce is from 3 to 9%. Then, annealing of the synthesised material is performed, which comprises Ce2O3nanocrystals and a small amount of Pd nanocrystals with characteristic sizes of 2-5 nm, by heating it in the oxygen-containing environment with the atmospheric pressure to the temperature of 600, 700, 800, 900°C, with exposure for 2 hours and slow cooling.
EFFECT: method enables to obtain nanostructural composite material CeO2-PdO which can be used as a catalyst having high activity at low temperatures as well as improved thermal stability and resistance to corrosion in aggressive environments.
2 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to metal forming and can be used for production of articles from three-component titanium-based alloy containing 2-6 wt % of aluminium and not over 4 wt % of vanadium or zirconium. Billets are subjected to equal-channel angular pressing at 400-470°C at the rate of 0.1-1.0 mm/s. Note here that nano- and sub microcrystalline structures are formed in the billet with grain size not over 0.5 mcm. Deformed billets are subjected to isothermal annealing at 450-550°C for 0.5-1.0 h. Then, the billet is subjected to upsetting or rotary forging at the temperature not higher than that of isothermal annealing.
EFFECT: higher strength and operating performances.
3 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: measurement equipment.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to manufacture of gas sensors intended for detection of different gases. The invention proposes a gas sensor manufacturing method, in which a heterostructure is formed of different materials; a gas-sensitive layer is made in it; after that, it is fixed in the sensor housing, and contact pads are connected to terminals of the housing by means of contact conductors. The gas-sensitive layer is made in the form of a thin tread-like nanostructure (SiO2)20%(SnO2)80%, where 20% - mass fraction of SiO2, and 80% - mass fraction of component SnO2, by application of sol of orthosilicic acid, which contains stannum hydroxide, onto a silicone surface by means of a centrifuge with further annealing. An area with width of 1 mcm and depth of 200 nm is formed on the surface of the substrate surface by a method of local anodic oxidation. Sol is prepared at two stages: at the first stage, Tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and ethyl alcohol (95%) is mixed in the ratio of 1:1.046 at room temperature, and the mixture is exposed during about 30 minutes, and at the second stage, to the obtained solution there introduced is distilled water in the ratio of 1:0.323; hydrochloric acid (HCl) in the ratio of 1:0.05; stannum chloride dihydrate (SnCl2·2H2O) in the ratio of 1:0.399, where TEOS volume is accepted as one, and stirred at least during 60 minutes. The invention also proposes a gas sensor with a nanostructure, which is made as per the proposed method.
EFFECT: increasing gas sensor sensitivity.
2 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a technology for obtaining nanodimensional films of multiferroics and can be used in production of high-quality magneto-optic information processing and storage devices, magnetic sensors, capacitive electromagnets, magnetoelectric storage elements and non-mutual microwave filters. The method involves manufacture of a target of the specified composition, processing of a monocrystalline substrate with argon ions, spraying of the target onto the substrate with further annealing of the obtained film; with that, a strontium titanate substrate is used; the spraying process is performed onto the substrate heated up to 700-750°C; controlled flow of oxygen ions is supplied to the substrate area, and the obtained films are annealed in oxygen environment during 1.0 hour at the temperature of 500-550°C and standard atmospheric pressure.
EFFECT: invention allows obtaining monocrystalline nanodimensional films of multiferroics with BiFeO3 and RxBi1-xFeO3 composition (where R- Nd, La, Pr in the quantity of 0,1-0,3 form units).
1 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a technology for obtaining films of ferrites-garnets and can be used in application magneto-optics to obtain magneto-optic disks, modulators and deflectors. The method involves manufacture of a target of the specified composition, treatment of a monocrystalline substrate of gallium garnet with argon ions, spraying of the target onto the substrate with further annealing of the obtained film; with that, a substrate of complex replaced gallium garnet is used; the spraying process is performed onto the substrate heated up to 800-850°C; controlled oxygen ion flow is supplied to the substrate areas during the spraying process, and the obtained films are annealed in oxygen environment during 0.5-1.0 hour at the temperature of 700-750°C and normal atmospheric pressure.
EFFECT: invention allows improving quality of obtained nanodimensional films of Bi-containing ferrites-garnets, as well as a value of specific faraday rotation.
1 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to natural polysaccharide polymers and can be used in medicine. The obtained water-soluble bioactive nanocomposite includes a melanin compound-modified hyaluronic acid salt as a matrix and gold nanoparticles as filler. The method includes chemical reaction of solid-phase hyaluronic acid powder, a melanin compound, aurichlorohydric acid or a gold salt in conditions of simultaneous pressure action in the range of 50 to 1000 MPa and shearing deformation in a mechanochemical reactor at temperature of -18° to 110°C.
EFFECT: invention enables to obtain a water-soluble bioactive nanocomposite with high output of the end product and high content of gold.
4 cl, 18 ex
SUBSTANCE: to endow various materials with hydrophilic properties, a modifier is deposited on the surface of said materials. A coating is formed by successively depositing aqueous solution of an oligo(aminopropyl)ethoxysilane of a general formula shown on fig 1, and subsequently depositing aqueous solution of nitrilotrimethylene phosphonic acid of a general formula shown on fig 2. After deposition, each solution is dried on air and heat treated.
EFFECT: invention enables to endow various materials with improved hydrophilic properties.
8 dwg, 6 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to remote control robotized measuring and actuating systems to be used at oil and gas sea fields. Proposed complex comprises underwater system composed of remote control carrier to be operated in two media and equipped with hold-down screw propellers to hold down said carrier in underwater operations. Wheel-caterpillar propulsors are secured on platform to allow its motion of surface, including, zone of variable wetting. Platform comprises navigation means to allow accurate positioning, illuminators, dampers of cable system transmitting electric power and data. Proposed complex comprises driven winches equipped with self-contained control system and cable system transmitting electric power and data.
EFFECT: robotised operation, higher safety.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hoisting device. Load lifting handler comprises arm with extreme, central and extra V-like links made from tubular rods and spaced apart lugs with rods crossed at equal angles between extreme and extra links. Auxiliary links are secured to extreme, central and extra links to make force triangle and arm end. Besides, handler has external links for extreme link turning for cargo lift. Also, handler comprises grippers welded to auxiliary links, drive hydraulic cylinder, frame turning relative to handler truck that may move on monorail, pneumatic engine and hydraulic pump with control board rigidly secured to frame. The number of handler links makes 24 including two extreme links, four central links, two extra links, two external links, 12 auxiliary links, frame and drive.
EFFECT: higher strength and reliability of jib, higher efficiency.
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mechanisms used in general machine building. A flat dual-platform mechanism with three drives includes three hydraulic cylinders with pistons and rods associated with a four-pair platform, and an additional platform. The additional platform is pivotally connected with two of the three rods driven through the hydraulic cylinder rods, and the third hinge is connected via a connecting rod to the main platform.
EFFECT: invention is intended to create to reproduce various flat curves by an output unit - an additional platform.
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building and may be used in machining by endless working band arranged at robot handler for polishing, grinding, leveling and cleaning parts, for example, gas turbine engine jet nozzle case. Robotised tool comprises front and rear pulleys to direct working band. Rear pulley is driven and drive means while front pulley runs idle free about axle. Two rollers are arranged on sides of front pulley to run free on its axle. Said rollers have outer diameter exceeding that of front pulley and are made from electrically conducting material to roll on machined surface with size defining, machining between working band and machine surface. There are means to detect flow of electric current between every roller and machined part, connected with tool control means.
EFFECT: higher efficiency and precision.
7 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed manipulator comprises metal sheet gripper coupled with toothed rack engaged with first gear and working head for machining metal sheet. Manipulator comprises also, at least, one second gear. Note here that said first and second gears are arranged along metal sheet path. At least, one of the first and second gears is in constant mesh with toothed rack to move from one part of working head to another one.
EFFECT: decreased length and weight of toothed rack, enlarged stroke of said rack and adequate torque.
3 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: machine-building industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building industry and may be used in high-precision process equipment, for example, for treating work pieces with laser tools. The Z-manipulator includes a frame with front and rear vertical parallel facets, operating table, operating element, drive of operating element comprised of vertical guides located on the edges, sliding element and sliding element drive located between the above guides. It is also provided with additional drive comprising vertical guides located on the edge of the frame, sliding element, sliding element drive located between the above guides, and with L-shaped bracket with its vertical part being connected with the sliding element of the operating element drive, and horizontal part - with operating element. The operating element drive guides are installed on the rear facet of the frame, the guides of additional drive are installed on the front facet and the sliding element of additional drive is coupled with the operating table.
EFFECT: invention gives an option of treating overall items by increasing distance between operating element and operating table without increasing overall dimensions of device and simultaneous highly precise positioning of operating element and treated item.
5 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to rescue and reclamation operations and can be sued to withdraw objects from narrow channels and crevices in blockages. Proposed device comprises flexible casing with its one end connected with tip and another one serves to withdraw object from the channel. Said tip has piston chamber and rod. Said piston chamber is communicated with sealed chamber furnished with heater and filled with fluid that features high thermal expansion factor. Gripping element is arranged on the tip and represents a fixed jaw rigidly jointed with the tip and moving jaw fitted on guide and arranged between fixed jaw and drive casing to move there along toward fixed jaw, driven by rod.
EFFECT: possibility of withdraw blocked objects in constrained conditions.
9 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: technological processes.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of machine building, namely to devices providing for linear displacement of working element along complex contour relative to processed item in two coordinates, and may be used in force-moment treatment of materials on plane. Manipulator comprises base with fastening holes, where circular column is installed having gear edge and possibility to rotate, electric drive of column with gear interacting with gear edge of column. The following components are fixed on column - support bracket with the help of stands and two axes of rotation, on one of which there is link mounted with its one end with fixed working tool, interacting with its second end in axial direction with support bracket, and on the other one - gear wheel is installed, interacting with electric drive of gear wheel. There is an arched through slot arranged in column to move working tool in it, and the slot is arranged concentrically relative to axis of link rotation. Manipulator is equipped with stem, which is fixed with its one end on surface of gear wheel, and with the second one it interacts with specified link.
EFFECT: improved force-moment properties in treatment of flat and sheet materials.
FIELD: technological processes.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to robot-technical complex for contact dot welding of fuel assembly frame made of lower lattice and spacer grids connected to each other by channels. Robot-technical complex comprises industrial robot with welding tongs installed on its manipulator, system of robot control, table with device for fixation of welded parts and source of welding current. Guide beam is intended for movement of industrial robot in it with source of welding current, manipulator and welding tongs. Device for fixation of welded parts consists of support cradles for placement of fuel assembly frame, bolts for adjustment of cradles into common plane, device for pressing of spacer grids to support cradles and support plate with clamps for lower lattice positioning in horizontal plane.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to perform contact dot welding of large articles with length of more than 1000 mm and height of more than 100 mm welded along their length in several cross sections, in particular frame of fuel assembly, to increase quality of welding and to increase efficiency of article manufacturing due to automation of its welding process.
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to robot engineering, particularly to manipulators of industrial robots implemented in medicine as automatic articulators - imitators of lower jaw movement. The robot-articulator consists of a base of a lower and upper jaws and of progressive drives. It is also equipped with guides for progressive pairs (3) connected to the progressive drives designed for facilitation of their rotation around hinges. The hinges are installed between the base of a lower jaw (1) and guiding of the progressive pairs (3). Guides are joined with bases of lower jaw (1) and upper jaw (2). Notably, base of upper jaw (2) is connected to guiding of progressive pairs (3) by means of hinge (4) and is connected with the progressive drives designed for actuating the upper jaw. The progressive drives are secured to pole (11).
EFFECT: facilitating expanded functionality, particularly adjustment according to individual anatomical features of patient, like angle of trajectory incline of motion of temporal low jaw joints, also more accurate reproduction of trajectory of motion due to introduction of additional degrees of freedom.
FIELD: industrial robotics, possibly development of robots with outer magnetic systems.
SUBSTANCE: industrial robot includes rotary base provided with casing having protrusion. The last is arranged in zone without armatures.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of robot.