Biological information measuring device, method for measuring biological information and body composition measuring device

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions refers to medicine. A device comprises: a measuring device, a calculation device and an input device. Implementing the method involves extracting the living body information measured by the measuring device. The input device is used to accept the biological component information measured by the other device together with the date and time information. That is followed by determining if the biological component information is actual. If the biological component information is stated to be actual, the calculation device is used to calculate the biological information by formula: f(ρ)=a2·1/ρ+b2·W+c2·S+d2·L+e2. If the biological component information is stated to be inactive, the calculation procedure follows formula: f(ρ)=a1·1/ρ+b1·W+c1. Herewith, a1-c1, a2-e2 are the pre-set constants, ρ is a living body's specific resistance, S is a body part cross-section, L is a body part length, W is a living body weight.

EFFECT: group of inventions enables providing the more accurate body composition measurement by using the data extracted by the other devices.

8 cl, 14 dwg

 

The technical field to which the invention relates

The present invention relates to a device for measuring the biological information, the method of measuring biological information and the measurement device body composition to retrieve, for example, biological information of a living organism.

The level of technology

Device for measuring various biological information generally known. As a device for measuring biological information, for example, in the measurement device body composition, there is a method of measuring the impedance (resistance) of the body to calculate the values of body composition on the basis of differences in electrical characteristics of fat and muscle for a method of estimating percentage body fat, percentage of subcutaneous fat, etc., the Equation of assessing body composition is calculated from the correlation of the measurement data, for example, on the basis of MRI, x-ray obtained by means of computed tomography (CT), and DEXA large number of subjects, and the impedance values.

Essentially, the method of estimation of body composition, such as the number of muscles based on the impedance measurements, using equation estimates generated through regression analysis based on data collected in advance by MRI (see Patent document 1).

However it is an error evaluation since the electrical characteristics of people differ to some extent. In particular, the error estimation in children and athletes increases.

Patent document 1: international patent publication 2002/43586.

The INVENTION

Problems to be solved by the inventions

In view of the above problems, the present invention is the provision of a device for measuring biological information, the method of measuring biological information and device for measuring body composition for accurate extraction of biological information using data from other devices, and increase the level of confidence of the user.

Means for solving the above mentioned problems

The present invention relates to a device for measuring the biological information includes a measurement tool for extracting information of a dimension value of a living organism and a calculator for calculating biological information on the basis of information measured values obtained by the measurement tool, a device for measuring the biological information includes input means for inputting information of the biological component about the component of a living organism, measured in the other device, and the said means of calculation performed in the possibility of execution of the calculation process, reflecting biological component, calculating biological information based on the biological component information and the information of the dimension value.

Another device is an appropriate device that retrieves information component of body composition, for example, MRI (imaging method for nuclear magnetic resonance), CT (Computed tomography) and DEXA (Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry).

Information biological component is adequate information about the biological component, such as the cross-sectional area, length, percentage of fat, percentage of internal fat, the contact impedance of the skin or a lot of identical.

According to the present invention, the biological information can be accurately extracted using the data extracted by the other device.

You can prevent the calculation of body composition using old information biological component.

In addition, even old information biological component can be used without problems, if there are no changes in body composition, whereas even relatively new information biological component is not used if the change in body composition is fast, in order to be able to do more than hell is a cotton measurement of body composition

The present invention also relates to a device for measuring body composition, used as a device for measuring the biological information, where the information dimension value is the impedance or the weight of a living organism and biological information is part of the body.

The algorithm of estimation of body composition can be optimized for each person when viewing the correlation between percentage body fat and internal fat measured by MRI (imaging method for nuclear magnetic resonance), CT (Computed tomography), DEXA (Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry), etc., in hospitals and so on, and the impedance value measured by the monitor body composition. The error that occurs as the electrical characteristics, which are more or less different people, can be reduced in body composition assessment using the impedance values.

When using the contact impedance of the skin, body composition, as measured by the monitor body composition, can be corrected using the contact impedance of the skin, measured in hospitals, etc., Therefore, the accuracy of body composition measured by monitor body composition can be improved.

According to another aspect of the present invention also has means for storing the Oia for storing calculation of body composition, classified under a particular category of a living organism classified under a particular category, at least according to one or more conditions on growth, age or sex of a living organism, and the calculator performs a calculation process, reflecting the biological component, when the biological component information extracted, and extracts at least one or more of growth, age or gender of a living organism for the execution of the universal process of calculating body composition using the method of calculating body composition, attributed to a certain category of a living organism corresponding to the extracted information when the information of the biological component is not extracted.

The method of calculating body composition, attributed to a certain category of a living organism, is the way in which a constant used to assess body composition differs depending on the category of a living organism according to height, sex, age, etc. and the body composition is calculated from the impedance, using an adequate constant.

Therefore, accurate measurement of body composition using the information of the biological component of a living organism and the universal dimension of body composition using the method of calculating body composition, attributed to a certain category of the living body is ISM, can be switched automatically and executed.

According to another aspect of the present invention, there is also a tool for generating target information to create targeted information about body composition on the basis of information about body composition, in which the means generating target information is made with possibility of adjustment of the target information based on the biological information of the component.

Therefore, when there is a biological component can be created more adequate target information.

The present invention relates to a method of measuring biological information for measuring biological information, comprising a measuring unit for extracting information of a dimension value of a living organism and a calculator for calculating biological information on the basis of information measured values obtained by the measurement tool and the method of measuring biological information includes stage enable input of the biological component information about a component of a living organism, measured in another device, the input tool, and call execution by means of the calculation process calculation, reflecting the biological component, calculating biological information based on the biological component information and data the purpose of measurement values, and the process of determining the method of calculating the correction gain calculation method adjustments intended for the living organism, on the basis of information of the biological component and the impedance of the living body measured within a predetermined period from the time and date of the measurement information of the biological component, and (changes in) to take or not to take the way of calculating the adjustment in the calculation process, reflecting the biological component, based on the time and date of measurement of the biological component information and changes in body composition with time and date of measurement up to the present time.

Through this method, the biological information can be accurately extracted using data extracted from the other device.

The present invention relates to a method of displaying biological information, comprising the step of displaying a selection screen for selecting whether to enter or not to enter the information of the biological component, measured by another device, the step of extracting information of a dimension value of a living organism, the step of measuring biological information, the process of calculation, reflecting the biological component, calculating biological information based on the information component of the living body and information of the measured values is I, the process of determining the method of calculating the correction gain calculation method adjustments intended for the living organism, on the basis of information of the biological component and the impedance of the living body measured within a predetermined period from the time and date of the measurement information of the biological component, phase change, to accept or not to accept the method of calculating the adjustment in the calculation process, reflecting the biological component, based on the time and date of measurement of the biological component information and changes in body composition with time and date of measurement up to the present time, and the step of displaying whether or not information is used biological component with the measured biological information.

Through this way, the user can easily verify that reflects or does not reflect the measurement result information of the biological component.

The present invention also relates to a display device of biological information, which includes the selector to display the selection screen for selecting whether to enter or not to enter the information of the biological component, measured by another device, the measurement tool to extract information dimension value of a living organism, the measuring instrument for and the intent of biological information, the means of calculation for the execution of the calculation process, reflecting the biological component, calculating biological information based on the biological component information and the information of the dimension value, and the process of determining the method of calculating the correction gain calculation method adjustments intended for the living organism, on the basis of information of the biological component and the impedance of the living body measured within a predetermined period from the time and date of measurement of the biological component information and change, to accept or not to accept the method of calculating the adjustment in the calculation process, reflecting the biological component, based on the time and date of measurement of the biological component information and changes in body composition with time and date of measurement up to the present time, and a display device for displaying whether or not information is used biological component with the measured biological information.

Through this device the user can easily verify that reflects or does not reflect the measurement result information of the biological component.

Effects of invention

According to the present invention, the biological information can be accurately extracted using data extracted another condition is the device, and can be increased the level of confidence of the user.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION of DRAWINGS

Fig.1 is a perspective view representing the appearance of scales monitor body composition in the first embodiment implementation.

Fig.2 is a block diagram of a control system weight on the first version of the implementation.

Fig.3 is an explanatory diagram describing the configuration of the various types of data stored in the memory unit according to the first variant implementation.

Fig.4 is an explanatory diagram representing a configuration of a screen displayed on the display unit according to the first variant implementation.

Fig.5 is an explanatory view representing the configuration of a screen displayed on the display unit according to the first variant implementation.

Fig.6 is a block diagram representing an operation of calculating body composition in the first embodiment implementation.

Fig.7 is a block diagram representing an operation of obtaining goals in the first embodiment implementation.

Fig.8 is a block diagram representing the operation of the process of measuring body composition according to the second variant implementation.

Fig.9 is a block diagram of the operation, which is to support health for diet in the second embodiment.

Fig.10 is a block diagram of the operation, which is to support the health of the pregnant woman in the second embodiment.

Fig.11 is a block diagram, predstavlyaya the work scales monitor body composition according to the third variant of implementation.

Fig.12 is an explanatory view of the appearance and model of thermal conductivity of the electronic thermometer according to the fourth variant implementation.

Fig.13 is a block diagram representing the configuration of a system for retrieval of biological information according to the fourth variant implementation.

Fig.14 is a block diagram representing the operation of the electronic thermometer according to the fourth variant implementation.

The mode of carrying out the invention

The present invention relates to a monitor body composition to measure the impedance of a living organism and calculation of the body composition of a living organism, where, if there is a valid measurement data received from the external devices, such as a MRI for a living organism, such actual measurement data are used to create individual equations of the calculation for the living organism, and such individual equation is then used for accurate calculation of body composition based on the measured impedance.

The following describes one way of implementing the present invention together with the drawings.

[The first version of the implementation]

Fig.1 is a view in perspective representing the appearance of scales monitor 100 body composition, and Fig.2 is a block diagram representing the configuration system 101 extract biological information is registered, includes scales monitor 100 of body composition and the server 150, which may communicate with weights-monitor 100 body composition.

As is shown in Fig.1, scales monitor 100 body composition, mainly include section 110 of the operation and display, which is the first case for which the user must hold his hand, and section 130 of the weight measurement, which is the second casing on which is located the user, and functions as a monitor body composition, as well as scales.

As is shown in Fig.2, section 110 of the operation and display includes unit 111 of the communication unit 112 of the memory unit 113 synchronization, operational block 114, block 115, the display unit 116 of the DC circuit, block 117 power unit 118 controls, double integral AD-block 119, the detector 120 and an impedance of the electrode unit 121.

The block 111 is connected to the unit 118 controls and communicates with the server 150 according to the control signal unit 118 controls. Unit 111 may be configured to exchange information not only with the server 150, but also with an adequate device, for example, to exchange information with other devices extraction of biological information, which includes a device for weighing and measuring infants, or to exchange information with a personal computer or per the national information terminal (PDA or a portable telephone and so on).

Block memory 112 includes a device that can store information, such as non-volatile memory and a hard disk, and performs reading and writing information according to the control signal of the connected control unit 118. Block memory 112 stores information about a user by user. User information is stored by number, for example, the user 1 and user 2, and it contains gender, age and growth of the user or they, together with the weight.

Block 113 synchronization (sync) is a device for time synchronization, such as the current date and time, and time passes to block 118 management as necessary.

The operation unit 114 includes a set of buttons (see Fig.1) to control the press, and the information managed by pressing the user, for example the input physical information about the user, including gender, age, height and weight, is passed to block 118 control.

Unit 115, the display includes a display device, such as the screen of the liquid crystal (see Fig.1), and displays letters and numbers according to the image signal transmitted from the block 118 control.

Block 116 DC circuit conducts the high-frequency current (AC)supplied from the block 117 power in one direction to the electrode unit 121 for supplying a current to the bases of the control unit 118 controls.

Block 117 power supplies operating power to each block, including the block 118 control.

Block 118 includes a CPU (Central processing unit), ROM, RAM or a microcomputer, and performs operation control and settlement operation of each unit according to the program stored in the ROM, etc. For this program saved the program to measure body composition.

Double integral AD-block 119 is an AD (analog-digital) Converter double integral type, and converts the analog signal provided from the detector 120 impedance, into a digital signal.

The detector 120 detects impedance the impedance of the user based on the potential difference of the electrode unit 136, established in section 130 of the weight measurement, and the electrode unit 121, specified in section 110 of the operation and display.

Electrode unit 121 is installed on the surface area of capture (see Fig.1) section 110 of the operation and display for which the user holds the hand, and brings the high-frequency current (AC)supplied from the block 117 power to the user's palm, exciting plot capture.

Section 130 weight measurement includes the operation unit 131, the battery 132, a detector 133 load and the electrode unit 136.

The operation unit 131 functions as an input switch for switching the power switch is on-off" and transmits the entered input signal in block 118 control.

Rechargeable battery 132 supplies power to each unit via the power unit 117 as a center.

Detector 133 load includes a sensor 134 load and measures the user's weight, which is placed on the upper surface of the case 135 (see Fig.1), also serves as the upper surface of the housing. Weight, as measured here, is transmitted to the double integral AD-block 119.

Electrode unit 136 is installed on the surface of the upper surface side (see Fig.1) section 130 of the weight measurement, on which is placed the user, and is an electrode for measuring current, which receives the current from the back part of the foot of the user. Electrode unit 136 includes four electrodes, with the left toe side left heel with the right toe and right heel of the user.

The server 150 includes a unit 151 communication unit 152 management, operational block 153, block 154 and display unit 155 memory.

Block 151 communication passes in Libra monitor 100 body composition and receives data from it according to the managing exposure unit 152 of the control.

Block 152 includes a CPU (Central processing unit), ROM and RAM, and executes the operation management and settlement operation of each unit according to the program stored in the ROM, etc.

The operation unit 153 includes a device in the ode of operation, for example, a keyboard or mouse, and transmits the entered input operation unit 152 of the control.

Block 154 display includes a display device such as liquid crystal display and the display on the CRT, and displays according to the control signal unit 152 of the control.

Block 155 memory includes a storage device such as a hard disk, and stores various data about the user, such as data on body composition (body fat and weight specifications), measured by means of scales monitor 100 body composition, and personal information such as name and address of the user.

The system 101 extract biological information includes scale-monitor 100 of body composition and the server 150, arranged as described above.

Fig.3 is an explanatory view describing the configuration of the various types of data stored in the block memory 112.

In Fig.3(A) presents the configuration data universal calculated variable data 11.

Universal calculated variable data 11 includes five elements: growth, gender, age, weight, and impedance.

Growth, age and gender are variables that are entered manually via the operating unit 114, and recorded in advance.

Weight and impedance are variables that are measured each time by means of the detector 133 load and detector 120 pulse is dance, respectively.

In Fig.3(B) presents the configuration data variable data 12 intended for a specific individual. Variable data 12, intended for a specific individual, include four elements: the cross-sectional area, length, area, weight, and impedance.

The cross-sectional area and length of the plot have a valid dimension value, measured by MRI, DEXA, etc., registered in advance. This pre-registration can be done under adequate way, for example registration when receiving the values from the server 150 or external devices, such as MRI 10, through the block 111 connection or check manually entering values via the operating unit 114.

Weight and impedance are variables that are measured each time by means of the detector 133 load and detector 120 impedance.

In Fig.3(C) presents the configuration data universal target design data 13.Universal target estimates 13 include the percentage of body fat and weight. The percentage of body fat and weight variables are obtained each time by measuring, calculating, etc.

In Fig.3(D) presents the configuration data of the target design data 14 specific individual.

Target estimates 14 specific the individual CSOs include the percentage of subcutaneous fat, the percentage of internal fat, percentage of body fat and weight.

The percentage of subcutaneous fat and the percentage of internal fat have a valid dimension value, measured by MRI, DEXA, etc., registered in advance. This pre-registration can be done under adequate way, for example registration when receiving the values from the server 150 or external devices, such as MRI 10, through the block 111 connection or check manually entering values via the operating unit 114.

The percentage of body fat and weight variables are obtained each time by measuring, calculating, etc.

The calculation of the body composition of a particular individual and the universal calculation of body composition are described for calculating body composition.

<Equation that is intended for a specific individual>

The body composition of a particular individual can be calculated using the following equations calculate intended for a specific individual. This equation is provided to calculate body mass without fat.

(Equation A)

f(ρ)=a21/ρ+b2·W+C2·S+d2·L+e2

where a2-e2is a predefined constant, ρ is the resistivity calculated using dei is twitterlogo dimension value of each localization on the body, W - weight, S is the cross-sectional area of localization on the body and L is the length of the plot localization on the body. The cross-sectional area S and length L can be extracted from transaction data 12 intended for a specific individual, the resistivity ρ can be measured on the basis of the impedance detected by the detector 120 impedance, and the weight W can be measured by the detector 133 load.

The function f(ρ) to obtain body composition is an equation in which a polynomial equation of the resistivity ρ, the weight W, the cross-sectional area S and localization in the body of L correspond to the actual measurements of MRI, DEXA, etc.,

The function f(ρ) may be a function of the second or higher order.

The percentage of adipose tissue can be calculated from body mass without fat and weight.

Muscle mass, fat mass and bone mass for each localization on the body can be calculated by equation calculation, similar to the body mass without fat.

The body composition of a particular individual can be calculated by means of adequate equation calculation, and body mass without fat can be calculated using the following equation calculation.

(Equation)

f(ρ)=a1·1/ρ+b1·W+c1

In this equation, a1-c1fixed the message, defined in advance for each localization on the body, ρ is the resistivity calculated using the actual values of the measurements of each localization on the body, and W is the weight.

Constant a1-c1in the above equation adjusted for individual use based on the actual measurement data, for example, MRI or DEXA, to perform an accurate calculation.

Body composition can be more accurately obtained by use of equation A and equation after constant a1-c1corrected.

<a Universal equation>

Universal body composition can be calculated by means of the universal equation calculation.This is a universal equation can be an equation, in which the values defined by height, age and gender, substitute (instead of the predefined constants a1-c1when using equation B.

Fig.4 and 5 are explanatory views representing the configuration screen displayed on the block 115 display.

In Fig.4(A) presents the schematic configuration screen 21 survey on the presence/absence of the actual measurement data, the pull on the presence/absence of actual measured data.

The screen 21 of the survey regarding the availability of/about the lack of valid measurement data includes part 31

to display user part 32 to display the message and the button 33 of the selection.

In part 31 for display is displayed to the user operating the user.The user is displayed when the job through an adequate way, for example, to select his/her identification information (number, primary code, and so on) with the assumption that in advance can be registered with a certain number of users, or enter the name of the user.

In part 32 to display a message appears. The screen displays "are There any valid measurement data?".

Button 33 selection displays options for the user to select (action). This screen contains two options "YES" and "NO".

In Fig.4(B) shows the configuration of the screen 22 of the reception of valid measurement data, which indicates that accepts valid measurement data.

The screen 22 of the reception of valid measurement data includes a portion 34 to display the amount of receive data in addition to the parts 31 to display user and part 32 to display a message.

In part 32 of the screen to display the message "receiving valid data dimension.

In part 34 to display the receive volume data is displayed, which the band extends from left to right as receiving data and displays the level of advancement of receiving data.

In Fig.4(C) shows the configuration screen 23 input growth to input growth.

Screen 23 input growth includes part 35 to enter the main biological information in addition to the parts 31 to display user and part 32 to display a message.

In part 32 of the screen to display the message "please enter the height".

In part 35 to enter the main biological information entered is displayed the value of the basic biological information (height, age, gender), the input section of the operation and display 110. At the screen as the basic biological information is displayed input growth.

In Fig.4(D) presents the schematic configuration screen 24 entry age entry age.

The screen 24 of the age input includes part 31 to display the user part 32 to display a message and part 35 to enter the main biological information.

In part 32 of the screen to display the message "please enter age".

In part 35 of the screen to enter the main biological information is displayed age entered as a basic biological information.

In Fig.4(E) presents the schematic configuration screen 25 input floor to enter the floor.

The screen 25 of the input floor includes part 31 to the user's display, the hour is ü 32 to display the message and the button 33 of the selection.

In part 32 of the screen to display the message "please enter the floor."

Button 33 selection screen displays two options "male" and "female".

In Fig.5(A) presents the schematic configuration of the screen 40A of the display of the measurement result for a particular individual screen 40 (40A, 40B) display of the measurement result to display the measurement result.

The screen 40A of the display of the measurement result for a particular individual includes part 41 (41A, 41B) to display the type of calculation portion 42 to display the user part 43 to display the weight of the part 44 to display body mass without fat and part 45 to display the percentage of adipose tissue.

Regarding the type of calculation appears with a check mark 41A making calculation method for a particular individual, which indicates that this is the result of a measurement of a specific individual.

In part 42 of the user's display shows the measured user.The user is identical to the user, as displayed on the screen 21 of the survey regarding the presence/absence of the actual measurement data, etc.

In part 43 display weight displays the measured weight.

In part 44 to display body mass without fat displays the measured body mass without fat. Body mass without fat, otobrajayuschii, is the value calculated by equation calculation, intended for a specific individual, using variable data 12 intended for a specific individual.

In part 45 to display the percentage of adipose tissue displays measured the percentage of adipose tissue. The percentage of adipose tissue, displayed here, is the value calculated on the basis of body mass without fat and weight.

In Fig.5(B) shows the configuration screen 40B display of the universal dimension of the screen 40 (40A, 40B) display of the measurement result to display the measurement result.

Screen 40B display of the universal dimension includes part 41 (41A, 41B) to display the type of calculation portion 42 to display the user part 43 to display the weight of the part 44 to display body mass without fat and part 45 to display the percentage of adipose tissue.

In part 41 to display the type of calculation appears with a check mark 41C of the adoption of the universal calculation method, indicating that it is the result of a measurement by means of the universal equation calculation.

Part 42 to display the user and the part 43 to display the weights 43 are (parts)described above.

In part 44 displayed for the I body mass without fat displays the value calculated by means of the universal equation calculation using universal calculated variable data 11 for body mass without fat.

In part 45 to display the percentage of adipose tissue displays the value calculated on the basis of body mass without fat and weight, as a percentage of adipose tissue.

In Fig.5(C) shows the configuration screen of the target screen 50A display for a specific individual target screen 50 (50A, 50B) display for display purposes, such as goal-diet.

The target screen 50A display for a particular individual includes parts 51 (51A, 51B) for type display part 52 to display the user part 53 for display purposes and the part 54 to display the message.

In part 51 to display the type appears with a check mark 51A of the adoption of the method of calculation for a particular individual, which indicates that it is the target, calculated using the equations for calculating the specific individual.

In part 42 of the display the user sees the user, is designed for the purpose. The user is identical to the user, as displayed on the screen 21 of the survey regarding the presence/absence of the actual measurement data, etc.

In part 53 of the display purpose, in particular, displays the target numeric value. the illustrative potential option is displayed, how many percent it is preferable to lower the percentage of fat tissue. Mentioned numerical value is calculated for a particular purpose of the individual using the target design data 14 for a particular individual.

In part 54 of the display message is displayed to achieve the goal. Displayed here is based on the values calculated by equation calculation, intended for a specific individual, and displays more detailed information than creation through universal equation calculation. For example, in the illustrative possible variant identified a high percentage of subcutaneous fat on the basis of information MRI, and appears to perform two hours of heavy exercise, such as running, to reduce the percentage of subcutaneous fat".

In Fig.5(D) shows the configuration screen universal target screen 50B display the destination screen 50 (50A, 50B) display for display purposes, such as goal-diet.

Universal target screen 50B display includes part 51 (51 A, 51B) for type display part 52 to display the user part 53 for display purposes and the part 54 to display the message.

In part 51 for displaying the type of displayed marked 51B report making the University the actual method of calculation, indicates that this is a purpose designed using the universal equation of calculation.

Part 42 to display the user is (part of), described above.

In part 53 of the display purpose, in particular, displays the target numeric value. Illustrative possible variant is shown that the percentage is preferable to lower the percentage of fat tissue. Mentioned numerical value is calculated for General purpose using the generic target design data 13.

In part 54 of the display message is displayed to achieve the goal. Displayed here is based on the values calculated by means of the universal equation calculation. For example, in the illustrative potential option displays the "run about two hours of exercise aerobics".

Fig.6 is a block diagram of an operation in which the unit 118 controls the weights of the monitor 100 calculates body composition body composition. This operation may start when adequate synchronization, such as starting with the discovery that the user placed on the upper surface of the case 135, detector 133 load as a trigger, or run through the operation of the operating unit 114 by the user.

Block 118 control performed using the R user (step S1). This user selection on the display unit 115 displays a user selection screen (not illustrated), and through the operating unit 114 selects the number of the user. This way the user selection is not the only option), and the user can be specified in an adequate way, for example by entering the user name manually or by selecting manually entered and registered user name.

In the case of a new user (step S2: Yes), in block 118, the control displays the screen 21 of the survey regarding the presence/absence of actual data measurements and checks the presence/absence of the actual measurement values (step S3). If you select "Yes" button 33 of choice, determined by the presence of the actual measurement values (step S3: Yes), and the block 118, the control displays the screen 22 receiving valid data measurement and accepts valid measurement data (step S5). Reception of a valid measurement data can be accessed from an external device, such as server 150 or MRI 10 through the block 111 connection.

After that, the block 118 management determines are or are not suitable for use adopted actual measurement data (step S4). What are or are not suitable for use may be determined on the basis of what is or is not the date and the intent of the adopted actual measurement data within a predetermined period from the current time and date.

If you are suitable for use (step S4: Yes), the block 118 control registers the actual measurement data in the variable data 12 intended for a specific individual, and the target design data 14 specific individual (step S6). Register here, valid measurement data are the actual measurement value measured by the device, such as MRI, DEXA, for example the cross-sectional area, length, area, percentage of fat and percentage of internal fat.

If the actual measurement value is present (step S3: No) or if the actual value of the measurement is not usable (step S4: No), then the control unit 118 controls consistently displays a screen (23, 24, 25) enter basic biological information for the survey, so the user has registered the basic biological information through manual input (step S7). After that, by operating unit 114 introduces basic biological information, such as height, age and gender of the user, and block 118 control registers such information in the universal calculated variable data 11.

If the registration is valid measured data is completed (step S6), the registration of basic biological information is finished (this is S7) or it is not a new user (step S2: No), the block 118 management takes the measurement of weight and impedance (step S8). This measurement is performed with the user standing right on top of the surface casing 135.

Block 118 management determines, whether registered or not valid valid measurement data in variable data 12 intended for a specific individual (step S9). This is determined based on the date and time when the cross-sectional area and length of the plot is registered in the variable data 12 intended for a specific individual, the current date and time and changes in body composition. For example, if the registered date and time are closer than a predefined period, then (they) are defined as valid valid measurement data. Despite the fact that the recorded date and time are before the predetermined period, (they) are defined as valid valid measurement data, if the change in the continuously measured body composition is less than or equal to a predetermined value, as there is no specific changes.

If (they) are defined as active (step S9: Yes), then the control unit 118, the control calculates the body composition using equation calculation, intended for a specific individual (step S10), displays the calculated body composition on the screen is not 40A display of the measurement result of the specific individual (step S11), and terminates the process. Mark 51A of the adoption of the method of calculation for a particular individual, which indicates that this is the equation for a particular individual, is also displayed on the screen 40A of the display of the measurement result of a specific individual.

If (they) are defined as not applicable (step S9: No), then the control unit 118, the control calculates the body composition using the generic equation B calculation (step S12), displays the calculated body composition on the universal destination screen 50B is displayed (step S13), and terminates the process. Mark 51B report the adoption of a universal calculation method, indicating that it is a universal equation, is also displayed on the universal destination screen 50B display.

Fig.7 is a block diagram of an operation in which the unit 118 controls the weights of the monitor 100 body composition receives a target.

Block 118 management determines that there is or there is no valid measurement value of the current user (or measuring user), based on the fact, whether registered or not a target settlement data 14 specific individual (step S21).

If registered (step S21: Yes), the block 118 management determines are or are not suitable for use (step S22).What are or are not p is iodnymi for use, can be determined on the basis of what is or is not date registered a valid measurement data measurement within a predetermined period from the current time and date.

If you are suitable for use (step S22: Yes), then the control unit 118, the control calculates the purpose of using equation calculation for a specific individual (step S23).The equation for a particular individual for calculation purposes may be an appropriate equation for calculating the target value using the percentage of subcutaneous fat and the percentage of internal fat, registered in advance as variables defined in the target design data 14 specific individual, and the measured percentage of body fat and weight.

Block 118 control displays the calculated target on the target screen 50A display for a specific individual (step S23), and terminates the process.

If the actual measurement data are not suitable for use (step S22: No), or the actual measurement data is not registered (step S21: No), then the control unit 118, the control calculates the purpose of using the generic equation calculation (step S25). The generic equation for calculating the target may be an appropriate equation for the calculation is the target value using the percentage of body fat and weight, the measured variables in a universal target design data 13.

Block 118 control displays the calculated target on universal target screen 50B is displayed (step S26), and terminates the process.

According to the above configurations and operations, the body composition can be accurately calculated using the data extracted by the other device (MRI 10 and so on), and can be increased the level of confidence of the user.

After obtaining body composition such as body mass without fat, is calculated by equation A calculation intended for a specific individual, using actual measurement data, calculated in MRI 10 and so on, so that the body composition can be calculated with higher accuracy than the calculation of the evaluation using the generic equation B calculated.

Because on the screen 40 of the display of the measurement result is displayed mark 41A making calculation method for a particular individual or mark 41B of the adoption of the universal calculation method, the user can visually check that if the current measurement result on the basis of the assessment, or it has a high accuracy, using actual measurement data in the other device.

Furthermore, since the relative presence and in the absence of actual data var is rhenium poll through the screen 21 of the survey regarding the presence/absence of the actual measurement data, when a valid measurement can be registered with a valid measurement data for accurate calculation of body composition, and in the absence of valid data measuring the body composition can be calculated by means of a universal assessment calculation. Therefore, the user can make an adequate choice of the exact calculation and evaluation of calculation.

Determined that are or are not suitable for use registered the actual measurement data, and the calculation is performed using the actual measurement data only when the actual measurement data are suitable for use, and, consequently, it is possible to prevent poor accuracy of the calculation, despite the fact that you are using valid measurement data. Accordingly, the calculation may be performed automatically by the best calculation method using the actual measurement data and evaluation calculations, and it is possible to prevent a large error data of the measurement result, when the flagging 41A making calculation method for a particular individual.

If there is valid data measurements can be made valid measurement data measured by another device, such as MRI 10, and may be filled with all the ü accurate calculation, to enable the user to accurately measure body composition without registration basic biological information manually, such as growth, age and sex. Consequently, the user with the actual measurement data can get an accurate measurement result by simply placing on the upper surface of the case weights 135 monitor 100 body composition, execution of the user's choice and selection of valid measurement data available. In other words, can be eliminated unpleasant task of manual entry and you can get more convenience.

If you have a valid measurement data calculation purposes can also be performed with high accuracy. In other words, whether or not diet is just different between individuals depending on the state of body composition, such as a large amount of subcutaneous fat or a large number of internal fat. The state of body composition, in which there is a difference between individuals can be captured using the actual measurement data of the other device, such as MRI 10, and can be made adequate target setting corresponding to the condition of the body composition of the user to notify the user.

Configuration determine are or are not suitable for use, when using the? what's the measurement data is received, but the degree of reflection can be different in old age the actual measurement data, when defined as suitable for use. In this case, the coefficient correction constanta1-c1to adjust using mostly equation decreases as the actual measurement data is outdated and can be installed universal constant defined according to the basic biological information, if older predetermined range or more. Accordingly, the universal equation approach gradually, as the actual measurement data of the other device to be outdated for a smooth transition to the universal equation.

In this case, the user can be informed that the actual measurement data is outdated by displaying the adjustment factor on the screen. The user then may again perform a measurement by MRI 10, etc. and update the actual measurement data.

[Second variant implementation]

In the second embodiment, the description is given of the scale-monitor body composition to optimize the equations of assessing body composition, values, body composition, determination of trend diets, etc. according to the individual using the data measured such device is Tami, as MRI (imaging method for nuclear magnetic resonance), CT (Computed tomography) or DEXA (Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry), installed in medical institutions, etc.

In the second embodiment are used scales monitor 100 of body composition, the server 150 and the system 101 extraction of biological information that are identical to those used in the first embodiment.

In block 112 memory instead of the information described in the first embodiment, stores the detailed measurement data. Detailed measurement data may include very accurate information about the body composition measurement device that is different from the scales monitor 100 of body composition, such as the percentage of adipose tissue or mass visceral fat measured by CT, MRI, DEXA, etc.,

For a program stored in the ROM, etc., unit 118 controls, saved the program to measure body composition.

Other configurations are identical to the configurations in the first embodiment, and their detailed description is omitted.

Fig.8 is a block diagram of the operation process of the body composition measurements performed by the block 118, the control according to the program of measuring body composition.

Block 118 control measures the user's weight through the detector is and 133 load, and measures the impedance of the user by means of the detector 120 impedance (step S201).

Block 118, the control goes to the server 150 and checks that exist or do not exist detailed measurement data by means of MRI, CT, DEXA, etc., in hospitals, etc., (step S202). In this case, the retrieved detailed measurement data, if available, and stored in the block memory 112.

If you have detailed measurement data (step S202: Yes), the control unit 118 determines what is or is not the date of measurement of the detailed measurement data within a predefined number of days from the present time (step S203).

If it is within a predefined number of days (step S203: Yes), then the control unit 118 controls using the extracted detailed measurement information for the adjustment calculation (evaluation) body composition based on the impedance measured at the step S201, and calculates the corrected value of the body composition (step S204).

Value obtained here body composition may be a percentage of adipose tissue, the level of internal fat, percentage of muscle, primary metabolism, or sets of them and can be calculated according to the method of calculation. The value of the body composition after adjustment in this case can be obtained by sledujushih the equation.

(Equation 2)

The adjusted value of the body composition = α × detailed measurement data + β × data impedance of assessing body composition

*α, β: weighting coefficients

where α preferably is a coefficient that increases as we approach the date of the detailed measurement data of the measurement date.

The calculation is not limited to using the aforementioned equation 2, it can be performed using equation A and equation described in the first embodiment.

If there is no detailed measurement data (step S202: No) or if the detailed measurement data has passed a predetermined number of days or more from the current time (step S203: No), then the control unit 118, the control calculates (estimates) the body composition by impedance values, extracted in step S201 (step S206).

Block 118 control displays the results measured at step S204 or step S206, at block 115 display (step S205), and terminates the process.

Therefore, if there are new detailed measurement data can be calculated and displayed very accurate value of the body composition adjusted such detailed measurement data, and in the absence of new detailed measurement data can be readout body composition, calculated without correction is I.

Fig.9 is a flowchart of the operation in which the block 152 management server 150 performs health support for diet, adapted for each individual. Support for health diet displays the warning and so on, if there is a risk of disease due to unrealistic diets, etc.

Block 152 control retrieves data for last time stored in the block 155 memory (step S221). Data for last time based on a history of hospitalization, MRI and CT data, medical history, weight, change body composition, etc., and include BMI (body mass Index), FAT (Data on percentage of adipose tissue), inFAT (internal fat), the percentage of skeletal muscles, etc., the Extracted data are preferably data of another user with the same user body shape, age, medical history, etc., Data of a large number of people, are close to the user state, then can be collected and used to determine.

Block 152, the control retrieves the measurement results of the weight and impedance of the scales monitor 100 body composition (step S222).

Block 152 management assigns the value "0" of the variable i and starts the verification, with repetition from beginning to end (DATAEND), data extracted in step S221 (step S223).

Block 152 management then determined by the t, is or is not the value of BMI (BMI user) of the user within the predetermined range (the range from A to B), having a BMI (labeled Data[i].BMI) i-x data (data of another person) as the center (step S224). This determination may be performed by the following equation.

(Equation 3)

Data[i]. BMI-A<userBMI<Data[i]. BMI+

*Data[i]. BMI: BMI i-x data

A, B: coefficients.

In this case, you may be able to determine that the BMI of the user is within a predefined range, if between-A and +B Data[i].BMI.

Unit 152 of the control then determines what is or isn't is FAT (the FAT of the user) of the user within the predetermined range (the range from C to D)with FAT (labeled Data[i].FAT) i-x data (data of another person) as the center (step S225). This determination may be performed by the following equation.

(Equation 4)

Data[i]. FAT-With<userFAT<Data[i]. FAT+D

*Data[i]. FAT: FAT i-x data

C, D: the coefficients.

In this case, you may be able to determine what the FAT of the user is within a predefined range, if between-C and +D Data[i].FAT.

Unit 152 of the control then determines what is or is not level history or user level history (Data[i].illness history degree) i-x data(data of another person) greater than or equal to a predefined threshold value (X) (step S226). The more serious disease or more times, the level of history takes a larger value. The determination may be performed by the following equation.

(Equation 5)

Data[i].illness history degree > X

*Data[i].illness history degree: level i-th history of the disease,

X: threshold

If all steps S224-S136 determined YES, the unit 152 of the control calculates the risk of the disease by the following equation.

(Equation 6)

Risk = risk + α × Data[i].illness history degree + level history data?

If it is determined that outside of the predefined range on one of the steps S224-S226 (step S224: No, S225: No, S226: No), the control unit advances the process to the next step without determining the risk of disease.

Block 152 control adds 1 to the variable i and returns the process to step S224 (step S228), and repeatedly executes the processes of steps S224-S227 (step S229).

Block 152, the control checks the risk of disease, displays the display, such as "caution", as required in block 115 display scales monitor 100 body composition (step S230), and terminates the process.

According to such operation, the user can learn about the risk of the disease, if it exists. If there are more people with high level history of the disease among people with the value of what remained of the body, similar to the value of the body composition of the user, the risk of disease is higher by this amount, and accordingly, the user can know whether many people with a history of illness among people with body composition, similar to the value of the body composition, and can pay attention to this disease.

In this possible embodiment, the determination is made on BMI and FAT, but this is not the only option), and can optionally be made to the definition of internal fat and the definition percentage of skeletal muscles. Therefore, the risk of disease can be determined in comparison with people with similar body composition.

Fig.10 is a flowchart of operation for a block 118 control scales-monitor 100 body composition for performance support the health of the pregnant woman.

Block 118 control first receives data of the medical examination, the number of days of pregnancy, etc. defined in the hospitals, etc. from the server 150 (step S241).

Block 118 management expects the current adequate weight based on the extracted data of the medical examination and the number of days of pregnancy (step S242). Adequate weight can be calculated on the server 150 and transferred to scales monitor 100 body composition.

Unit 118 performs control weight measurement by means of the detector 133 load and determines whether or not the is the measured current weight close to adequate weight (step S243). This determination may be made depending on what is or is not the difference between adequate weight and the current weight is within a predefined value.

If the current weight is close to adequate weight (step S243: Yes), then the control unit 118, the control displays the mark "satisfactory" on the block 115 is displayed (step S244), and advances the process to step S245.

If the current weight is not close to the corresponding weight (step S243: No), then the control unit 118, the control determines whether more (the difference between) adequate weight and current weight, than the value of the predetermined threshold X (step S246). The threshold value X is the threshold at which the mother and fetus are at risk, and can be, respectively, are installed as installed by the user on the advice of a physician or the attending physician, it is periodically changed according to the condition of the mother.

If (mentioned difference) is less than or equal to the threshold value X (step S246: No), then the control unit 118, the control displays the mark "a little warning on the block 115 is displayed (step S247), and advances the process to step S245.

If the said difference is greater than a threshold X (step S246: Yes), then the control unit 118 controls displays marked "caution" on the block 115 is displayed (step S248), immediately upravleyemiye in the hospital (step S249), and advances the process to step S245. Notification to the hospital performed through data transmission of user information and information of the warnings on the terminal or on the email address of the hospital set in advance.

Block 118, the control transmits the weight measurement on the server 150 and calls the save server as a history of weight fluctuation (step S245). Doctors, nurses, etc. in the hospital then you can access the server 150 of the terminal and to check at any time whether the development is satisfactory or not.

As described above, in the monitor body composition (scale-monitor 100 body composition)comprising a means of measuring the impedance detector 120 impedance) means for extracting biological information, biological information of the component (associated with the biological information includes related information about body composition (percentage body fat and internal fat measured by MRI, CT, DEXA, etc.,) that specifies the composition of the body of a living organism, measured in a manner different from the impedance measurement, the tool correction (block 118 control, which performs step S204), made with the possibility of adjustment based on the related information about the body composition when obtaining body composition of a living organism based on the impedance, and the output medium (block 115 display) is made is with the ability to output the corrected information on the body composition (percentage of fat tissue, the level of internal fat, percentage of muscle, basal metabolic rate, or a mix of the above) as the adjusted information.

Therefore, the algorithm for estimating body composition can be optimized in accordance with each individual when viewing the correlation between percentage body fat and internal fat measured by MRI, CT, DEXA, etc., in the hospital, and the impedance value measured by the monitor body composition. The error that occurs as the electrical characteristics, which are more or less different depending on the person, may be reduced in body composition assessment using the value of the impedance.

In particular, the body composition can be estimated more accurately using the impedance values even among children and athletes, whose error in the estimate of body composition tends to increase.

In addition, the user can be informed that the severity of the disease is high, when in history a lot of people, the value of the body composition of which is close to the value of the body composition of the user according to health support for diet. The user then can know that his/her body composition is in a state where it is easy to get sick, which became the impetus for improving the Constitution. Improvement value is of body composition from the state, when easily get sick, you may know even when improving the Constitution.

In particular, about the possibility of the disease may become known when accessing the server 150, even by means of weights monitor 100 body composition set up at home to check the Constitution could be performed at home.

The swing weight of a pregnant woman, which is the user can be monitored, and the user and the hospital can be notified when there is danger to the mother and embryo under the support of the health of the pregnant woman. Consequently, the user can detect the toxemia of pregnancy at an early stage, respectively, increases the safety of childbirth.

In particular, about the possibility of toxemia of pregnancy may become known when accessing the server 150, even by means of weights monitor 100 body composition set up at home so that you can monitor the safety of home delivery.

[Third option exercise]

In the third embodiment describes scale-monitor body composition, which is one type of device extraction of biological information, to measure the contact impedance of the skin by the device installed in medical institutions, etc., and adjustment of body composition, as measured by the monitor body composition, according Taco is the contact impedance of the skin.

A method of measuring the impedance of the user and measurement (evaluation) body composition, such as visceral fat and subcutaneous fat is well known. However, it may be a very small error, because the contact impedance of the skin is different depending on the (dry) skin condition of the user.

Libra-the monitor body composition by the third variant of implementation, on the other hand, is designed to improve the measurement accuracy by adjusting according to the contact impedance of the skin, the clerk of the actual measurement data measured by the other device. This, in particular, is described below together with the drawings.

In the third embodiment are used, the monitor 100 of body composition and weight, the server 150 and the system 101 extraction of biological information that are identical to those used in the first embodiment.

In addition to information about the user, described in the first embodiment, in block 112 memory stores the contact impedance of the skin, measured by means of a separate device.

Other configurations are identical to the configurations in the first embodiment, and hence their detailed description is omitted.

Fig.11 is a block diagram of an operation performed by the block 118, the control weight is to monitor 100 body composition, according to the program of measuring body composition.

To use weights-monitor 100 of body composition, the user measures the data of the contact impedance of the skin by a device measuring the contact impedance, separately installed in institutions such as the hospital. In other words, the unit of measurement of the contact impedance, installed in hospitals, etc., measures the contact impedance of the user (step S110), and records the measured data to the server 150 (step S111). In this case, user information that specifies the user also preferably extracted and logged on the server 150. Accordingly, the user performs the measurement of body composition by means of scales monitor 100 body composition after measuring the contact impedance of the skin.

Block 118 control scales-monitor 100 body composition enables the user to select a personal number by operating unit 114 (step S101).

Unit 118 controls accesses a block of memory 112 to verify the presence or absence of the data of the contact impedance of the skin (step S102).

If the contact impedance of the skin is missing (step S102: No), then the control unit 118 controls selects the data of the contact impedance of the server 150 (step S103), and stores such data contact impedance in block 112 memory.

If the contact impedance of the skin (this is S102: Yes), block 118 management takes the weight measurement by section 130 of weight measurement (step S105), and performs impedance measurement of body composition by means of the detector 120 impedance (step S106).

Block 118 control adjusts data impedance measurement of body composition on the contact impedance of the skin (step S107). Adjustment in this case is performed according to the following equation 1. Accordingly obtained the true value of the impedance body composition, and can be accurately assessed the body composition of subcutaneous fat, internal fat, etc.

(Equation 1)

The impedance value of the body composition value of the contact impedance = the true value of the impedance body composition (the value of the correction impedance)

Block 118 control displays the result of measuring body composition after adjustment unit 115 is displayed (step S108) and stores the data in the block memory 112 (step S109).

As described above, the monitor body composition (scale-monitor 100 body composition)comprising a means of measuring the impedance detector 120 impedance) means for extracting biological information has a configuration in which the biological information of the component (associated biological information includes the contact impedance of the skin, and the means of adjustment (block 118 control, which performs step S107) corrects information about the composition teleimage body, on the basis of the contact impedance of the skin.

Therefore, body composition, as measured by the scales monitor 100 of body composition can be adjusted using the contact impedance of the skin, measured in hospitals, etc., Therefore, the accuracy of body composition, as measured by the scales monitor 100 of body composition can be improved.

In other words, the measurement result contains an error due to differences in the contact impedance of the skin in the method of measuring the body composition impedance using the electrode assemblies 121, 136, even if the composition of the body is exactly the same. This error is corrected using the contact impedance of the skin for a more accurate measurement of body composition.

In addition, the contact impedance of the skin separately measured in hospitals, etc. so that you could easily get accurate measurement of body composition in Libra monitor 100 body composition during subsequent daily measurement of body composition.

The contact impedance of the skin can be saved in block 112 memory scales-monitor 100 body composition and, consequently, after you save can be used without (having) access to the server 150. Therefore, the service of scales monitor 100 body composition easier.

In the above-described potential option section for measuring body composition scales monitor 100 body composition described (section) type for both hands - both legs, but it is not limited to them, and can be used to monitor body composition type for both hands or type for both legs. In this case, the body composition can be accurately measured when performing correction with contact impedance.

[Fourth option exercise]

The fourth option in the implementation of the described electronic thermometer to adjust the parameters in the algorithm for calculating the body temperature through measurement of subcutaneous fat according to the monitor body composition.

Usually as a way of measuring deep body temperature of a living organism is a way of placing mercury thermometer under the arm up until the surface temperature and deep water temperature would not be in equilibrium. Because this method requires time, it is now proposed a method of predicting the equilibrium point by adjusting mode temperature changes up until the surface temperature and deep water temperature would not be in equilibrium and will not satisfy the equation, and the predictions of the equilibrium points as body temperature. However, the mode of temperature change varies depending on body composition, etc. of a living organism and, consequently, has a negative side in that accuracy differs depending on a living organism, and that takes some time is I to provide an estimate.

Electronic thermometer according to the fourth variant of implementation, on the other hand, is designed for accurate measurement of internal temperature in a short time through the use of data separately measured body composition. This, in particular, is described below together with the drawings.

Fig.12(A) is a view in perspective which shows the external appearance of the electronic thermometer 520, Fig.12(B) is an explanatory view which shows a model of thermal conductivity of the electronic thermometer 520, and Fig.13 is a block diagram which shows a configuration of the system 500 extraction of biological information.

As is shown in Fig.12(A), the electronic thermometer 520 includes block 523 display and operating unit 526 in the main part, and the block 522 measure the temperature on the remote from the center of the end. Electronic thermometer 520 measures the body temperature of the user when the unit 522 measure the temperature under the arm or under the tongue.

As is shown in Fig.13, the system 500 extraction of biological information includes the server 150 and the terminal 510 of the user connected to the Internet 515 via wire or wirelessly, and electronic thermometer 520 connected to the terminal 510 user via wire or wirelessly.

The server 150 described in the first embodiment, the OS is enforced, and, accordingly, identical elements are denoted by identical reference positions, and their detailed description is omitted. The server 150 performs the corresponding process, for example, the process of receiving data from the electronic thermometer 520 through the terminal 510 of the user, and stores this data in the block 155 memory, a calculation process on the basis of such data and the data stored in the block 155 memory, and the transfer process parameters, etc. in the electronic thermometer 520.

The server 150 is also connected with weighing machine monitor 100 body composition described in the first and second embodiments implement via the Internet 515, and stores data on the composition of the body, taken from the scale-monitor 100 of body composition, in block 155 memory together with information about the user. The server 150 performs the process of extracting the necessary data such as the thickness of subcutaneous fat, from the stored data on the composition of the body, and their transmission in the electronic thermometer 520.

The terminal 510 of the user made in the form of a personal computer, etc. and includes block 501 communication unit 502, the control unit 503 of the display, the operation unit 504 and block 505 communication. Block 501 may also include adequate communication interface such as USB (Universal serial bus), for a wired connection or Bluetooth (registered trademark) for wireless communication. Block 505 may include adequate communication device, such as an LAN with a wired connection or wireless LAN with wireless connectivity.

In the terminal 510 of the user there is a function to retrieve data from the electronic thermometer 520 through the block 501 and data communications to the server 150, and a function of the data received from the server 150, the electronic thermometer 520.

The user terminal 510 is not limited to a personal computer and may be appropriate device, such as a portable information-processing device, which includes a PDA (Personal electronic secretaries) and a portable telephone.

Electronic thermometer 520 includes block 521 communication unit 522 temperature measurement unit 523 display unit 524 control unit 525 power supply connection unit 527 memory and block 528 power.

Block 521 may also include adequate communication interface such as USB (Universal serial bus), for a wired connection or Bluetooth (registered trademark) for wireless communication.

Block 522 temperature measurement is made in the form of the measuring tip (not shown) remote from the center end and a temperature sensor (not shown) for measuring temperature. Block 522 temperature measurement transmits the measured temperature in block 524, the control signal detection.

Block 523 display includes the us is the device display, for example, LCD (display), and displays information according to the control signal display from block 524 control. Information for display may be information about the body temperature measurement, for example the deep body temperature.

Block 524 management is driven by electric power taken from block 528 power through the block 525 power supply connection and performs reception (detection) of the detection signal from block 522 temperature measurement and control operation (control of display) and power supply (power supply) unit 521 communication unit 523 of the display and the unit 527 memory. Block 524 control also performs the adjustment process temperature measurement and calculation of the internal temperature with reference to the detection signal received from block 522 temperature measurement, and the parameters stored in the block 527 memory.

In block 527 memory stores the program to access the server 150 via the terminal 510 of the user and extract the necessary data such as the thickness of subcutaneous fat, the program measure body temperature to adjust the measured temperature by means of parameters and calculation of the internal temperature, parameters, etc., the Heat capacity of the measuring tip unit 522 measure the temperature and thickness of subcutaneous fat of the user accepted through the term the cash 510 user, also stored.

The following describes a way to represent the model of thermal conductivity used in the fourth embodiment.

First, if the electronic thermometer 520 is set on a plot measuring (at hand, and so on) of the human body, we find the temperature T(t) can be simply expressed as a function of time as shown in equation 7.

(Equation 7)

T(t)=(T0-T1)exp(-t/τ)

*T0: the temperature of the heat source,

T1: initial temperature of the measuring tip,

τ: the heat capacity of the measuring tip/time constant of the heating section measurements.

The following equation 8 is obtained by solving equation 7 for T0.

(Equation 8)

T0=T1+T(t)/exp(-t/τ)

In equation 8, T1and T(t) can be measured by an electronic thermometer 520, and one can assume that the heat capacity of the measuring tip is already known from the characteristics of the product. Therefore, the temperature of the heat source (i.e., the deep body temperature) can be theoretically calculated in the calculation, if the time constant of the heating section of the measurement is known.

However, the time constant of the heating area of measurement is a parameter that differs between individuals due to personal physiological and the formation (for example, covering the layer of fat and muscle at the site of measurement).

The model of heat conduction inside the body in the electronic thermometer 520 is considered in a simplified form as shown in the model of heat conduction in Fig.12(B). In other words, with the assumption that the temperature of the heat source T0in the direction towards the exit flow conductivity muscle parts equal to k1and its thickness is equal to t1thermal conductivity of the fat part equal to k2and its thickness is equal to t2and the heat capacity of the measuring tip is equal to C1we obtain the following equation 9.

(Equation 9)

τ=1/(C1·(k1·t1+k2·t2))

Since thermal conductivity of the fat part is very large compared to thermal conductivity of the muscle part, it is assumed that there is a strong correlation with τ (k2t2).

Suppose that k2(thermal conductivity of the fat part) is a fixed value τ can be experimentally evaluated, and the temperature of the heat source (inner temperature) can be calculated exactly for a short time, if t2(the thickness of the fat part) is known.

Therefore, in this possible embodiment, by devices, such as scales monitor 100 body composition, measured the thickness of subcutaneous fat under the arm, and the result of erenia is stored in block 527 memory of the electronic thermometer 520. Program measure body temperature uses identical (parameter), as the parameter calculating body temperature, when the user measures the body temperature.

Fig.14 is a block diagram of the operation of measuring the body temperature, in which the block 524 control of the electronic thermometer 520 operates according to the program of measurement of body temperature. The user saves the thickness of subcutaneous fat in the electronic thermometer 520 adequate method to perform the operation. This saving is performed in an adequate way, for example, with the connection of the electronic thermometer 520 and terminal 510 of the user, removing the thickness of subcutaneous fat of the user from the server 150 through (run) operation on the screen of the terminal 510 of the user and write in block 527 memory of the electronic thermometer 520 or input manually by the operation of the operational unit 526 of the electronic thermometer 520.

When the measurement of body temperature is started by operation of the operational unit 526, etc., block 524, the control detects an initial temperature unit 522 temperature measurement (step S501), and determines the stored or not stored data on the thickness of subcutaneous fat in block 527 memory (step S502). Data on the thickness of subcutaneous fat for reference here can be set accordingly, for example, as intended is built for a fixed user, with preservation of (some) data or by selecting the user through the operating unit 526 and use of data about the thickness of subcutaneous fat of the selected user.

If data are available on the thickness of subcutaneous fat (step S502: Yes) block 524, the control retrieves data about the thickness of subcutaneous fat from the block 527 memory (step S503), and applies the option that corresponds to the thickness of subcutaneous fat (step S504). The mentioned parameter can be obtained, for example, as calculated in advance based on the thickness of subcutaneous fat or calculated based on the thickness of subcutaneous fat each time.

In the absence of data on the thickness of subcutaneous fat (step S502: No) block 524, the control applies the normal setting (step S505).

Block 524 management takes the measurement of temperature by block 522 temperature measurement (step S506), and calculates the depth of the temperature by means of temperature measurement and parameter (step S507). In this case, the deep temperature can be calculated by setting appropriate to the individual, if data are available on the thickness of subcutaneous fat, as it will be taken.

Block 524, the control displays the calculated depth of the temperature on the unit 523 is displayed (step S26), and terminates the process.

As described above, the electronic thermometer electronic thermometer 520), including ina tool temperature measurement (block 522 temperature measurement) to measure the temperature of a living organism as a means of extracting biological information, has the configuration in which the extraction tool associated biological information (block 524 control, which performs the step S503), which provides a means of inputting information of the biological component, retrieves information about the subcutaneous fat (the thickness of subcutaneous fat of the user, where the means of adjustment (block 524 control, which performs step S504) retrieves information about subcutaneous fat and adjusts the setting to match the information on subcutaneous fat, and the output medium (block 523 display) displays the body temperature, calculated by the corrected parameter.

Electronic thermometer 520 can expect deep body temperature using the parameter corresponding to characteristics of an individual user. In other words, the mode change temperature up until the surface temperature and deep water temperature would not be in equilibrium differs between the user with a thick layer of subcutaneous fat and a user with a thin layer of subcutaneous fat, and, consequently, sometimes there is measurement error in the calculation with the same parameter. However, the deep body temperature can be measured more accurately when Troubleshooting such errors of measurement by use of the parameter corresponding to the thickness of the subcutaneous fat of the user.

So to the to option is used, the corresponding fatty part, with the (much greater) thermal conductivity than the muscular part, it is possible to put into use for increasing the accuracy of measurement.

In the correspondence between the configuration of the present invention and the above-described variant implementation,

another device according to the present invention corresponds to the MRI 10 according to the variant of implementation, and similarly,

the selection screen corresponds to a screen 21 of the survey regarding the presence/absence of the actual measurement data,

the selector corresponds to the button 33 selection screen 21 survey on the presence/absence of the actual measurement data,

display device corresponds to the screen 40A of the display of the measurement result for a particular individual,

device for measuring body composition and display of biological information corresponds to Libra monitor 100 body composition,

device for measuring biological information corresponds to Libra monitor 100 body composition or electronic thermometer 520,

the input tool conforms to the block 111 communication

means for storing corresponds to the block 112 of memory

the means of calculation corresponds to the block 118 control or block 524 management

the measure corresponds to the block 118 control, which performs the steps S8-S11, Il the block 524 management who takes the step S506,

the tool create the destination information corresponds to a block 118 control that executes step S23,

a means of measuring the impedance corresponds to the detector 120 impedance

a means of measuring the weight corresponds to the detector 133 load

the method of calculation of adjustment intended for the living body corresponds to the equation A calculation intended for a specific individual,

the method of calculating body composition, attributed to a certain category of the living body corresponds to a universal equation B calculation

the selection step corresponds to the step S3,

the measurement stage corresponds to the stage S8,

the calculation method of adjustment, which defines the process corresponds to step S9,

the process of calculation, reflecting the biological component corresponds to step S10,

stage display corresponds to the step S11,

the process of calculating universal body composition corresponds to step S12, and

information biological component corresponds to the cross-sectional area, length, area, percentage of subcutaneous fat, percentage of internal fat and the contact impedance of the skin, but

the present invention is not limited to the configuration of the embodiments described above and can be obtained a large number of options ASU is estline.

Industrial applicability

The present invention can be used in the field of use of the device for the extraction of body composition, such as a monitor body composition and weight of the monitor body composition. For example, the present invention can be used in various fields, for example in the management of health home, health management in medical institutions, such as hospitals, health management in health institutions, such as health clubs, health management in rehabilitation institutions, in management of health institutions such as daycare or nursing home, etc.,

The legend

10 MRI

21 screen survey regarding the presence/absence of the actual measurement data

33 selection button

40A screen display of the measurement result for a particular individual

100 scale-monitor body composition

111 the communication unit

112 memory block

118 control unit

120 detector impedance

133 detector load

A Equation that is intended for a specific individual

In the universal equation

1. Device for measuring biological information, comprising:
a measurement device that retrieves information about the importance of measuring the living body, and
a calculation device that calculates bio is ogechukwu information based on the information about the dimension value obtained by the measuring device; and
an input device that receives information about the biological component about the component of the living body measured in another device, together with information about the date and time when the information about the biological component was adopted from another device, and
the said calculation device is configured to:
determining whether or not information about a biological component, received from another device operating on the basis of the information about the date and time,
calculation of biological information on the basis of information on the biological component information and the measurement value, if the information about the biological component is determined as valid, and biological information is calculated on the basis of information on the biological component information and the measurement value using the following equation:
f(ρ)=a21/ρ+b2·W+c2·S+d2·L+e2;
calculation of biological information on the basis of information about the importance of measurement and without the inclusion of information on biological component, adopted from another device, if the information about the biological component is defined as non-performing, and biological information is calculated on the basis of information about the value measurement using SL is blowing equation:
f(ρ)=a1·1/ρ+b1·W+c1,
where a1, a2b1b2c1c2d2and e2is a predefined constant, ρ is the specific resistance of the living body, S is the cross-sectional area of localization on the body, L is the length of the plot localization on the body, W is the weight of a living body.

2. Device for measuring biological information under item 1, in which
information about the measurement value is the impedance and the weight of the living body, and
biological information is part of the body.

3. Device for measuring biological information under item 1, additionally containing:
the device generating target information, which creates the target information on the composition of the body based on the biological information, and
the device generating target information is made with possibility of adjustment of the target information based on information about the biological component.

4. Device for measuring biological information under item 1, and
the other device is at least one device that retrieves information about the body composition selected from the group comprising: a device for nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computer tomography (CT) or device dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA).

5. Device for measuring the biological in the information under item 1, where the constants a1b1and c1determined on the basis of size, age and sex of the living body.

6. The method of measuring biological information through a device for measuring biological information, having: a measurement device that retrieves information about the importance of measuring the living body; and a calculation device that calculates biological information based on the information about the measurement value obtained by the measurement device, and a method of measuring biological information includes the steps:
receive information on biological component about the component of the living body measured in another device, together with information about the date and time when the information about the biological component was adopted from another device;
execution determining whether or not information about a biological component, received from another device operating on the basis of the information about the date and time,
performance calculation, reflecting the biological component, if the information about the biological component is defined as the current and calculated biological information on the basis of information on the biological component information and the measurement value, and biological information is calculated on the basis of information on biological component and INF is rmacie on the measurement value using the following equation:
f(ρ)=a2·1/ρ+b2·W+c2·S+d2·L+e2;
performance calculation of the universal body composition, if the information about the biological component is defined as non-performing, and universal body composition is calculated on the basis of information about the importance of measurement and does not include information on biological component, adopted from another device, the universal body composition is calculated on the basis of information about the measurement value using the following equation:
f(ρ)=a1·1/ρ+b1·W+c1,
where a1and2b1b2c1c2d2and e2is a predefined constant, ρ is the specific resistance of the living body, S is the cross-sectional area of localization on the body, L is the length of the plot localization on the body, W is the weight of a living body.

7. The method of measuring biological information according to p. 6, and
the other device is at least one device that retrieves information about the body composition selected from the group comprising: a device for nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computer tomography (CT) or device dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA).

8. The method of measuring biological information according to p. 6, where the constants a1b1and c1determined on the basis of the growth is, age and sex of the living body.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, forensic medicine, diagnostic measurements, including in investigative practice. An interactive psychophysiological testing (PPT) involves presenting a person being tested test questions, determining, analysing the psychogenesis parameters with using the person's physical parameter sensors, indicating the results and estimating. The test questions are typed as follows: first-version questions Q1, second-version questions Q2, neutral questions N. The questions Q1 and Q2 have an alternative meaning and equal power and are characterised by an equal presentation time, a consistency of comparing the questions according to the alternative versions, a minimised subjective personal effect of the PPT test expert by sound colour and level, an unconscious emotional support on the person's question perception, as well as an identity of putting the questions to be compared, their length and a fixation of the meaningful word and/or word combination in similar segments of both questions to be compared. The test is put in accordance with a concatenation as follows X:0→C,…,C→Q11.Q21→N→ →Q21.Q22→N→…→Q1n.Q2n→N, wherein X is a person's identification index; 0 is a non-estimated zero question; C is a question relieving an expectation stress; Q1i is the first-version question, wherein i=1, 2,…, n; Q2i is the second-version question, wherein i=1, 2,…, n; N is a neutral question; n is a number of specific circumstances of the event or action; ":", "→", "." are devisors. The questions are put taking into account the staging of the tested event, including the confirmed facts or data only and excluding the expert's conjectures or versions. The results are used to state one of the two alternative versions and to estimate the respective status of the person being tested. The psychogenesis is determined and analysed with using a polygraph, while putting the questions of the two alternative versions, indicating and processing the PPT data are conducted with a computer with relevant software.

EFFECT: method provides higher information value, accuracy, reliability, objectiveness of the PPT results as compared to the previously known tests up to 90-95% with avoiding the distortion and ambivalence of the results.

5 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: technique involves impedancemetry accompanying surgical intervention. A one-side ingrown nail requires measuring an impedance of the involved and healthy nail folds. The measurements are taken at a frequency 2 of kHz and voltage 1 V. A coefficient K is calculated as a relation of the involved to healthy impedances. The value K of 1.5 or less testifies to an inflammatory reaction.

EFFECT: technique simplifies diagnostics and reduces its time.

2 ex, 1 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves measuring an enamel electrical conductivity and assessing a light-induced fluorescence of a dental tissue in the lesion. A current intensity within the lesion of no more than 0.2 mcA and the absence of the enamel glow testify to the enamel intactness with zero points assigned. The current intensity of 0.21 to 1.99 mcA and the enamel glow testify to the preclinical enamel changes with 0.1 points assigned. The current intensity of 2.0 to 3.99 mcA and the enamel glow testify to primary caries changes at the stage of dead spot with 0.4 points assigned. The current intensity of 4.0 to 5.99 mcA and the enamel glow testify to primary caries changes at the stage of dead spot with 0.7 points assigned. The current intensity of 6.0 to 7.99 mcA and the enamel glow testify to primary caries changes at the stage of deep white spot with 1 point assigned. A dental tissue resistance index (RIdt) is calculated by formula: RIdt=(F0×0+F1×0.1+F2×0.4+F3×0.7+F4×1)/n, wherein F0 is the number of teeth with the intact enamel; F1 is the number of teeth with the preclinical enamel changes ; F2 is the number of teeth with caries enamel changes at the stage of dead spot; F3 is the number of teeth with caries enamel changes at the stage of white spot; F4 is the number of teeth with caries enamel changes at the stage of deep white spot; n is the number of intact teeth having preclinical and early clinical changes. The index is calculated prior to and after the therapeutic-preventive course. A positive difference of the indices prior to and after the therapeutic course testifies to the adequacy of the conducted therapy. The above difference being zero or less testifies to the necessity of the recurrent course or changes in the therapy.

EFFECT: method provides assessing the dental tissues taking into account the preclinical and early changes.

1 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine. A device for real-time electrodermal skin activity test comprises electrodes with fasteners, an input element, a filter, the first and second dispersion evaluators, an expectation evaluator, the first and second variation coefficient evaluators, a subtractor, a threshold former, a comparator, and a counter.

EFFECT: invention provides higher reliability and accuracy of the real-time electrodermal activity and psychoemotional status test with relaxation in the hardware requirements and a possibility to separate relatively slowly varying phase components.

2 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: arm impedance variation is recorded in the hemodynamic load generated with a patient standing by raising arms upward, keeping arms in this position and returning to a normal position and lowering along the body. A period of time of the vertical standing with the arms raised upwards makes 30 seconds. After the arms are returned to the normal position, electrical impedances are recorded 10 seconds later, and a recovery index (RI) is determined by the original formula. If RI≤1, a norm is stated, while RI>1 enables stating the presence of atherosclerotic changes, a manifestation of which is stated by an excess.

EFFECT: method enables norming the time parameters of hemodynamic load and obtaining the qualitative assessment of the functional status of the arterial blood flow to enable the early instant diagnosis of developing atherosclerosis.

3 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus (1) for detecting pulse wave and breathing cycle signals of a person has two current-conducting electrodes (2, 3) to be attached to the human body, a first (4) and a second (6) operational amplifier, an amplitude detector (5), a switched frequency-dependent voltage divider (8) and a microcontroller (7). The electrodes (2, 3) are connected in the negative feedback circuit of the first operational amplifier (4). The microcontroller (7) is configured to generate a high-frequency carrier signal at the output of a first input/output port (L). The upper (10) and lower (11) arms of the voltage divider (8) are formed by two circuits, having a common end at the mid-point of the voltage divider and two separate ends. The second operational amplifier (6) and the voltage divider (8) form an active band-pass filter with upper and lower cut-off frequencies defined by parameters of the upper (10) and lower (11) arms of the voltage divider (8), respectively. The frequency response of such a filter when the second input/output port (M) of the microcontroller (7) is connected to zero potential enables signal detection in a frequency band which corresponds to the frequency band the pulse wave signal, and enables signal detection in the frequency band corresponding to the frequency band of the breathing cycle signal when the third input/output port (N) of the microcontroller (7) is connected to zero potential.

EFFECT: detecting pulse wave and breathing cycle signals of a person based on measuring the impedance of a body area using a simple non-adjustable electrical circuit.

14 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: device for measuring electric parameters of an individual's body area (3) comprises two conducting electrodes (5, 6) placed on the individual's body, an operating amplifier (2) and a microcontroller (1). The microcontroller (1) is configured to operate in the mode of the individual's body area impedance measurement, in the mode of the individual's skin resistance measurement and in the mode of the individual's body area potential measurement. The electrodes (5, 6) are connected to a negative feedback circuit of the operating amplifier (2), a non-inverting terminal of which is connected to the zero potential, and an output is connected to an input of an analogue-to-digital converter of the microcontroller (1), while an inverting terminal is connected through a resistor (4) to an in/out port (L) of the microcontroller (1). In the mode of the individual's body area impedance measurement, the microcontroller (1) provides forming a signal of a pre-set frequency whereat the impedance is measured, on the output of the in/out port (L). In the mode of the individual's skin resistance measurement, the microcontroller (1) provides forming a DC voltage signal on the output of the in/out port (L). In the mode of the individual's body area potential measurement, the microcontroller (1) provides switching off the in/out port (L).

EFFECT: more accurate measurement of the electric parameters of the individual's body areas by switching the microcontroller modes without change of the electrodes and their body position.

9 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: measurement equipment.

SUBSTANCE: sensor 1 for measuring impedance of a human body section includes the first and the second electrodes and electrode holder 2. Electrodes consist of sections. Sections 5 and 6 of the first and the second electrodes are located alternately in one row on the inner surface of the holder. The holder is intended to be fixed around human wrists so that sections of both electrodes can touch the wrist. Each electrode has at least three sections. Contact area of each section is at least 1 cm2. The electrode holder is made in the form of a flexible strip or a bracelet having sections that are hinged between themselves, which is fixed on the wrist by means of clasp 7, or in the form of a cuff covering the wrist. A signal converter of the sensor is also arranged in the electrode holder.

EFFECT: use of the invention will allow improving stability of a measurement signal and sensitivity of a sensor owing to improving contact reliability of sensors with human skin and optimising a current passage way between sections of sensors.

7 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine. Determining an individual's blood glucose concentration is ensured by measuring high-frequency and low-frequency body region impedances successfully at pre-set intervals of time with using spaced electrodes fixed on the body. The measured high-frequency impedance provides the basis to determine a fluid volume in the body tissues between the electrodes, while the measured low-frequency impedance is used to determine an extracellular fluid volume in the body tissues between the electrodes. That is followed by deriving a metabolic component increment of the above extracellular fluid volume formed by the body energy carrier synthesis and recovery by calculating an increment of the above measured fluid volume in the body tissues between the electrodes as compared to the previous measured value, calculating a difference of the above increment of the fluid volume in the body tissues between the electrodes and the above increment of the extracellular fluid volume in the body tissues between the electrodes. A blood glucose increment is measured by standardising the above metabolic component increment of the extracellular fluid volume, while the individual's blood glucose concentration is determined by summing up the above glucose concentration increment and the blood glucose concentration derived at the previous stage of measurements. The glucose concentration at the first interval of time is determined by summing up the above blood glucose increment derived at the first interval of time and the initial glucose concentration.

EFFECT: method enables continuous and non-invasive high-accuracy determination of the individual's blood glucose concentration.

5 cl, 6 dwg, 3 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to medicine. Method applies control device, which contains measuring equipment and control unit. Method includes obtaining signal of skin conductivity, measured on the section of patient's skin within the interval of measurement, by means of measuring equipment. In accordance with the invention, by means of control unit calculated is characteristics of skin conductivity signal, representing static dispersion of values of skin conductivity signal throughout the interval of measurements, including calculation of standard deviation of values of skin conductivity signal throughout the interval of measurements. On the basis of said characteristics first outlet signal, indicating on patient's pain state or discomfort, is formed. Second signal, indicating state of patient's recovery, is formed on the basis of the same characteristics. Said control device is described.

EFFECT: increased accuracy of control over the state of autonomic nervous system.

13 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves carrying out urological examination for determining hydrodynamic resistance of ureter calculated from formula Z=8Lμ/(πR4), where Z is the hydrodynamic resistance of ureter, L is the ureter length, R is the ureter radius, μ is the urine viscosity. Angle α at which the ureter enters the urinary bladder is determined from formula cosα = 8l1μ/(ZπR4), where l1 is the perpendicular drawn from the upper edge of the ureter to the its exit projection line, μ is the urine viscosity, Z is the hydrodynamic resistance of ureter, R is the ureter radius. Vesicoureteral reflux recidivation is predicted when the angle of α+90° is less than 120°.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness in reducing the number of recidivation cases.

2 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: one should measure electric impedance of patient's middle ear. Electrodes should be applied in three localizations: auditory canal, anterior end of lower nasal concha and frontal skin. Electric impedance should be measured at the frequencies of sinusoidal signal being equal to 10, 30, 250 and 1000 Hz, the data obtained should be compared by values of electric impedance in the given area (middle ear) in the group of healthy patients. This method provides the chance to obtain comparative data for diagnostics of middle ear diseases.

EFFECT: higher accuracy of evaluation.

2 ex

FIELD: medicine; medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method involves doing multi-channel recording of electroencephalogram and carrying out functional tests. Recording and storing rheoencephalograms is carried out additionally with multi-channel recording of electroencephalogram synchronously and in real time mode in carotid and vertebral arteries. Electroencephalograms and rheoencephalograms are visualized in single window with single time axis. Functional brain state is evaluated from synchronous changes of electroencephalograms, rheoencephalograms and electrocardiograms in response to functional test. The device has electrode unit 1 for recording bioelectric brain activity signals, electrode unit 2 for recording electric cardiac activity signals, current and potential electrode unit 3 for recording rheosignals, leads commutator 4, current rheosignal oscillator 5, synchronous rheosignal detector 6, multi-channel bioelectric brain activity signals amplifier 7, electrophysiological signal amplifier 8, demultiplexer 9, multi-channel rheosignal amplifier 10, multi-channel analog-to-digital converter 11, micro-computer 12 having galvanically isolated input/output port and personal computer 13 of standard configuration.

EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of differential diagnosis-making.

11 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device has acting upon skin between electrodes with DC potential of given magnitude for producing temporary breakdown. Skin impedance is measured between measuring electrode first negatively polarized relative to control electrode and the control electrode, and then, DC current resistance is measured once more by means of measuring electrode positively polarized relative to the control electrode. Ratio of the obtained values is used for determining internal organ health state, corresponding to skin area.

EFFECT: enhanced accuracy of diagnosis.

11 cl, 14 dwg, 2 tbl

FIELD: poultry science.

SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with visual evaluation in chicken followed by testing them by the value of bioelectric potential. Chickens with bioelectric potential being significantly higher against average values are considered to be stress-resistant ones and those with bioelectric potential being significantly lower against average values in concrete population are concluded to be stress-sensitive ones. The method is very simple in its implementation and efficient for large-scale selection in poultry on stress-resistance.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

1 cl, 2 dwg, 2 ex, 4 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: the method deals with measuring geometric body size and electric impedances of patient's hands, body and legs at their probing with low- and high-frequency current due to current and potential electrodes applied onto distal parts of limbs, and, thus, detecting extracellular, cellular and total volumes of liquid in patient's hands, body and legs. While implementing the method one should additionally apply current electrodes onto left-hand and right-hand parts of neck, and potential electrodes - onto distal femoral parts. Body impedance (Zb) should be measured due to successive measuring the impedance of its right-hand Zrb and left-hand Zlb parts at probing current coming between electrodes of similar sides of patient's neck and legs to detect Zb, as Zb = Ѕ x (Zrb + Zlb), impedance of legs Zl should be detected due to measuring femoral impedance Zf and that of shins Zs, as Zl = Zf + Zs. At detecting the volumes of liquid in body and legs one should apply measured values of Zb and Zl, moreover, as geometric body size one should apply the distance against the plane coming through the upper brachial surface up to the middle of radiocarpal articulation in case of patient's hand being along the body.

EFFECT: higher accuracy of detection.

5 dwg, 2 ex, 3 tbl

FIELD: medicine; medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method involves applying electrodes to injured extremity tissue under study. The electrodes are arranged in diametrically opposite points of horizontal plane transaction to extremity surface. Two electrodes are applied to the other extremity. The electrodes are arranged in diametrically opposite points of horizontal plane transaction to extremity surface. An initial point is selected relative to which pairs of electrodes are equidistantly arranged on the extremity. Active and reactive impedance components are measured at the places of electrodes positioning. Viability condition of the injured extremity tissue under study is diagnosed depending on ratio of reactive to active impedance component on injured and intact extremity and difference between reactive impedance component on injured and intact extremity. Device has transducer unit, computer and unit for processing signals having interface units, central subscriber station, autonomous transmission center, commutator which input is connected to transducer unit output and commutator output is connected to central subscriber station input, the first input is connected to autonomous transmission center output.

EFFECT: high accuracy in diagnosing biological object condition.

5 cl, 5 dwg, 4 tbl

FIELD: medicine, psychotherapy.

SUBSTANCE: the method deals with correcting neurological and psychopathological disorders with anxiety-phobic symptomatics due to individual trainings. The method includes evaluation of body reaction to stimulating signals, seances of individual training performed due to the impact of two quasiantipodal stimulating signals of similar physical modality applied in time of sporadic character, and as a signal one should present biological feedback for the altered value of physiological parameter adequately reflecting body reaction to the impact of stimulating signal. At the first stage of training it is necessary to achieve body adaptation to the impact of quasiantipodal stimulating signals, at the second stage it is necessary to obtain conditional reflex for one out of stimulating signals, for this purpose one should accompany this stimulating signal with discomfort impact, during the third stage, finally, due to volitional efforts one should suppress body reaction to stimulating signal. The devise suggested contains successively connected a transformer of physiological parameter into electric signal and a bioamplifier, an analysis and control block with a connected block to present the signals of biological feedback, a block for presenting discomfort impact, an indication block and that of forming and presenting quasiantipodal stimulating signals. The innovation enables to have skills to control one's emotions, decrease sensitivity threshold to environmental impacts and learn to how behave during stress situations.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of training.

15 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: medicine; medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method involves recording multichannel electroencephalogram, electrocardiogram record and carrying out functional test and computer analysis of electrophysiological signals synchronously with multichannel record of electroencephalogram and electrocardiogram in real time mode. Superslow brain activity is recorded, carotid and spinal artery pools rheoelectroencephalogram is recorded and photopletysmogram of fingers and/or toes is built and subelectrode resistance of electrodes for recording bioelectrical cerebral activity is measured. Physiological values of bioelectrical cerebral activity are calculated and visualized in integrated cardiac cycle time scale as absolute and relative values of alpha-activity, pathological slow wave activity in delta and theta wave bandwidth. Cerebral metabolism activity dynamics level values are calculated and visualized at constant potential level. Heart beat rate is determined from electrocardiogram, pulsating blood-filling of cerebral blood vessels are determined from rheological indices data. Peripheral blood vessel resistance level, peripheral blood vessel tonus are determined as peripheral photoplethysmogram pulsation amplitude, large blood vessel tonus is determined from pulse wave propagation time data beginning from Q-tooth signal of electrocardiogram to the beginning of systolic wave of peripheral photoplethysmogram. Postcapillary venular blood vessels tonus is determined from constant photoplethysmogram component. Functional brain state is determined from dynamic changes of physiological values before during and after the functional test. Device for evaluating functional brain state has in series connected multichannel analog-to-digital converter, microcomputer having galvanically isolated input/output ports and PC of standard configuration and electrode unit for reading bioelectric cerebral activity signals connected to multichannel bioelectric cerebral activity signals amplifier. Current and potential electrode unit for recording rheosignals, multichannel rheosignals amplifier, current rheosignals generator and synchronous rheosignals detector are available. The device additionally has two-frequency high precision current generator, master input of which is connected to microcomputer. The first output group is connected to working electrodes and the second one is connected to reference electrodes of electrode unit for reading bioelectrical cerebral activity signals. Lead switch is available with its first input group being connected to potential electrodes of current and potential electrodes unit for recording rheosignals. The second group of inputs is connected to outputs of current rheosignals oscillator. The first group of outputs is connected to current electrodes of current and potential electrodes unit for recording rheosignals. The second group of outputs is connected to inputs of synchronous detector of rheosignals. Demultiplexer input is connected to output of synchronous detector of rheosignals and its outputs are connected to multichannel rheosignals amplifier inputs. Outputs of multichannel bioelectrical cerebral activity signals amplifier, multichannel rheosignals amplifier and electrophysiological signal amplifier are connected to corresponding inputs of multichannel analog-to-digital converter. Microcomputer outputs are connected to control input of lead switch, control input of multichannel demultiplexer, control input of multichannel analog-to-digital converter and synchronization inputs of current rheosignals oscillator and synchronous detector of rheosignals. To measure subelectrode resistance, a signal from narrow bandwidth current generator of frequency f1 exceeding the upper frequency fup of signals under recording is supplied. A signal from narrow bandwidth current generator of frequency f2≠ f1>fup is supplied to reference electrode. Voltages are selected and measured at output of each amplifier with frequencies of f1, f2 - Uf1 and Uf2 using narrow bandwidth filtering. Subelectrode resistance of each working electrode is determined from formula Zj=Ujf1 :(Jf1xKj), where Zj is the subelectrode resistance of j-th electrode, Ujf1 is the voltage at output from j-th amplifier with frequency of f1, Kj is the amplification coefficient of the j-th amplifier. Subelectrode resistance of reference electrode is determined from formula ZA=Ujf2 :(Jf2xKj), where ZA is the subelectrode resistance of reference electrode, Ujf2 is the voltage at output from j-th amplifier with frequency of f2, Jf2 is the voltage of narrow bandwidth current oscillator with frequency of f2.

EFFECT: wide range of functional applications.

15 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: medical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device has divider, comparison unit, oscillator, acoustic radiator, controllable current source, stable constant voltage source, perspiration equivalent unit, key member, illumination source, conductivity transducer having two electrodes, the first commutator, delay unit, trigger, inverter, discharge unit, the second commutator and feeding voltage availability indicator unit. The first delay unit inputs and the first commutator inputs are connected to comparison unit output. The first commutator input is connected to the first oscillator input which delay unit, trigger and inverter are connected in series. Inverter output is connected to the second input of the first and the second commutator. The first input of the second commutator is connected to the other conductivity transducer electrode and its output is connected to device body via resistor.

EFFECT: reduced current intensity passing through patient skin; excluded negative influence upon skin during prolonged operation time on patient arm during hypoglycemia attack; low power consumption.

2 cl, 4 dwg

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