Method of irrigation water supply for capillary irrigation from the covered ground to vineyard plantations (russian logic version - version 5)

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method of irrigation water supply for capillary irrigation from the covered ground to the vineyard plantation includes making of vineyard crone in the form of bowl composed by ring-shaped supports, sequentially increasing by diameter, which are connected to each other with rigid radial guides, which are fixed in the lower part of the bowl on the upper part of the vertical support, the lower part of which is fixed on the upper part of the bowl-shaped vessel, which is positioned above the ground, installation of the pipeline with the water outlet holes and coaxial vertical branch pipes for supply of irrigation water into the internal part of bowl-shaped vessels, which are positioned on the vineyard plantation inside soil, the pipeline is installed in the lower part of bowl-shaped vineyards, along each bowl-shaped vineyard the additional vertical supports are fixed and their upper parts are connected to the respective ring-shaped supports in each cup from the diametrally opposite sides, the vertical branch pipes of the pipeline are positioned inside a vertical support and their lower end is tightly connected to the central hole of the bowl-shaped vessel for supply of irrigation water in their internal part.

EFFECT: avoidance of necessity in pumping of irrigation water from the pipeline.

3 dwg

 

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used for subsurface irrigation of woody plants and vines. The application of technological solutions to allow fruit trees and vineyard favorable biological conditions for long-term food production.

The known method of capillary irrigation of tree vineyard of greenhouses (see patent RU No. 2476066, IPC A01G 25/02), including the installation of a pipeline from the water outlet holes, the location of the water outlet holes of the pipeline and have tightly with him connect the vertical orthogonal connections with the water outlet hole, which is situated above the ground, thus coaxially with the vertical orthogonal outlet additionally have consistently inner Cup-shaped vessel with a coaxial hole in the upper part and the outer Cup-shaped vessel, which are sequentially injected into the soil and combine with the upper part of the vertical orthogonal pipe, the upper part of the inner Cup-shaped vessel tightly fitted below the water outlet hole, and the outer Cup-shaped vessel fitted above the water outlet hole in its axial groove, which is made in its upper part, and then educated about jam between the upper part of the inner and outer Cup-shaped vessel and the surface of the ground between them through the water outlet hole vertical orthogonal fill pipe irrigation water. While the water outlet hole in the vertical orthogonal pipe is done either in the upper part thereof, either in the form of a gap between its upper part and a coaxial inner groove of the outer Cup-shaped vessel. The outer surface of the outer Cup-shaped vessel additionally perform axial protrusions for fixing the bounding helix, which forms the trunk of the tree vineyard. When this crown vineyard are in the form of successively increased diameter annular supports, connected by a rigid radial guides, which are fixed in the bottom of the "bowl" at the top of the vertical supports, the lower part of which is fixed on the upper part of the outer Cup-shaped vessel, which position is placed in the soil (prototype).

The known method of capillary irrigation of tree vineyard from a closed ground has the technological capabilities, which include irrigation of the vineyard of the closed ground.

The disadvantage of this method capillary irrigation of tree vineyard of greenhouses is the limited functionality of the pipeline from the water outlet holes, because, on the one hand, it can be used to increase the rigidity of the vine the "bowl". On the other hand, can avoid the need for pumping irrigation water "H2O" pipeline from the water outlet holes of the vertical pipes in the winter time.

Technological result of the proposed method is to improve the known technological solutions capillary irrigation of greenhouses vineyard by positional changes of the position of the pipeline from the water outlet holes and vertical pipes.

The specified process is achieved by the following method.

The method of supplying water to the capillary irrigation of greenhouses in the middle of the vineyard, including the implementation of CZK vineyard in the form of a "bowl" of successively increased diameter annular supports, which connect between a rigid radial guides, which are secured in the bottom of the "bowl" at the top of the vertical supports, the lower part of which is fixed on the upper part of the bowl-shaped vessel, which positional feature above the ground, and including the installation of a pipeline from the water outlet holes and coaxial vertical pipes for the supply of irrigation water in the inner part of the bowl-shaped vessels that position have on the plantation of vineyards within the soil, when this installation of pipes, the wires carry out in the bottom of the "bowl-shaped" vineyards, along each "Cup" of the vineyard register additional vertical support and connect the top with the corresponding annular bearings in each "bowl" with diametrically opposed sides, and the vertical pipes of the pipeline positional feature inside the vertical support and the lower end hermetically connected with the Central hole of the bowl-shaped vessel for supply of irrigation water in the inner part of them.

Figure 1 shows the grape bowl of successively increased diameter annular supports 1, which connect between a rigid radial guides 2, which are secured in the bottom of the "bowl" at the top 3 vertical supports 4, the lower part of which 5 (3) fixed on the upper part of the bowl-shaped vessel 6, which is a positional feature above the ground 7. While installing the pipe 8 with the water outlet hole 9 and coaxial vertical pipe 10 for supplying irrigation water to the interior of Cup-shaped receptacle 6, which position have on the plantation of vineyards within the soil 7. The installation of the pipeline 8 is performed in the bottom of the "bowl-shaped" vineyards 11 (2), and along each "Cup" of the vineyard (figure 1) commits an additional vertical supports 12 and connect them to the top cha is ti with the corresponding annular supports 1 in each "bowl" 11 with diametrically opposite parties. The vertical pipe 10 pipe 8 positional feature inside the vertical supports 4 and the lower end hermetically connected with the Central hole of the bowl-shaped vessel 6 (Fig 3) for supply of irrigation water in the inner part of them. When this line 8 (figure 2) is connected to a common water supply 12 for supplying irrigation water "H2O" all bowl-shaped vessels 6 plantations of the vineyard.

Implemented the proposed method of supplying irrigation water to the capillary irrigation of greenhouses on the plantation vineyard as follows.

Before planting the vines in places of their planting in the ground 7 (3) perform the removal of the soil and set the Cup-shaped receptacle 6 has a cylindrical shape coaxially with the hole in the upper part, which, on the one hand, is connected with the lower part of the vertical supports 4 and the hole is hermetically connected to the bottom part of the pipe 10 for supplying irrigation water "H2O" inside the Cup-shaped receptacle 6. The barrel of one or two vines form the spiral to the level of the formation of the crown, where fitted and fixed on the upper part of the annular supports 1 to form a "bowl-shaped" crown. This annular support 1 by means of additional vertical support 12 is fixed to the pipeline 8 to form a "bowl-shaped" rigid con is e.g. annular supports "bowl". After that, the water main 12 (figure 2) serves irrigation water "H2O" for irrigation of the root system of the vineyard of the closed ground 7. In the irrigation water is H2O" (figure 3) of the Cup-shaped receptacle 6 is fed into the system "Capillary holes" soil 7 and provides a constant supply of irrigation water is H2O" the root system of the vineyard.

The use of the proposed technological solution allows you to create through the capillary irrigation favorable biological conditions to increase the production of the necessary human food.

The method of supplying irrigation water to the capillary irrigation of greenhouses in the middle of the vineyard, including the implementation of CZK vineyard in the form of a bowl of successively increased diameter annular supports, which connect between a rigid radial guides, which are secured in the bottom of the bowl on top of the vertical supports, the lower part of which is fixed on the upper part of the bowl-shaped vessel, which positional feature above the ground, and including the installation of a pipeline from the water outlet holes and coaxial vertical pipes for the supply of irrigation water in the inner part of the bowl-shaped vessels that position have on the plantation of vineyards within the soil is, characterized in that the pipeline installation is performed in the lower part of the Cup-shaped vineyards, along each bowl-shaped vineyard fix additional vertical support and connect the top with the corresponding annular bearings in each bowl with diametrically opposed sides, and the vertical pipes of the pipeline positional feature inside the vertical support and the lower end hermetically connected with the Central hole of the bowl-shaped vessel for supply of irrigation water in the inner part of them.



 

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SUBSTANCE: method of irrigation water supply for capillary irrigation from the covered ground to the vineyard plantation includes making of vineyard crone in the form of bowl composed by ring-shaped supports, sequentially increasing by diameter, which are connected to each other with rigid radial guides, which are fixed in the lower part of the bowl on the upper part of the vertical support, the lower part of which is fixed on the upper part of the bowl-shaped vessel, which is positioned above the ground, installation of the pipeline with the water outlet holes and coaxial vertical branch pipes for supply of irrigation water into the internal part of bowl-shaped vessels, which are positioned on the vineyard plantation inside soil, the pipeline is installed in the lower part of bowl-shaped vineyards, along each bowl-shaped vineyard the additional vertical supports are fixed and their upper parts are connected to the respective ring-shaped supports in each cup from the diametrally opposite sides, the vertical branch pipes of the pipeline are positioned inside a vertical support and their lower end is tightly connected to the central hole of the bowl-shaped vessel for supply of irrigation water in their internal part.

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SUBSTANCE: method of capillary irrigation from the covered ground on the vineyard plantation includes making of vineyard crone in the form of bowl composed by ring-shaped suports, sequentially increasing by diameter, which are connected to each other with rigid radial guides, which are fixed in the lower part of the bowl on the upper part of the vertical support, the lower part of which is fixed on the upper part of the bowl-shaped vessel, which is positioned above the ground, installation of the pipeline with the water outlet holes and coaxial vertical branch pipes for supply of irrigation water into the internal part of bowl-shaped vessels, which are positioned on the vineyard plantation inside soil, in the upper part of the bowl-shaped vessel a coaxial hole is made, and inside it a coaxial restrictive branch pipe for limitation of irrigation water level inside of the bowl-shaped vessel is provisioned, the lower part of the vertical branch pipe of a waterpipe is tightly connected to the upper part of the bowl-shaped vessel for supply of irrigation water into its coaxial hole. The pipeline is installed in the lower part of bowl-shaped vineyards, along each bowl-shaped vineyard the additional vertical supports are fixed and their upper parts are connected to the respective ring-shaped supports in each cup from the diametrally opposite sides, the vertical branch pipes of the pipeline are positioned inside a vertical support and their lower end is tightly connected to the central hole of the bowl-shaped vessel for supply of irrigation water in their internal part.

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