Method and device for collection of wastes

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: wastes or materials to be reused are carried in bags for further processing. To close or to confirm sealing of said bag, appropriate closer is used including RF mark and adhesive surface for attachment of said closer to said bag. Note here that, preferably, plastic bag is used on choice of the user.

EFFECT: reliable sealing, expanded range of used means.

22 cl, 11 dwg

 

The object of the present invention is a method defined in a restrictive part of claim 1 of the formula.

The object of the present invention is also a tool, as defined in the restrictive part of clause 15 of the formula.

The present invention essentially relates to waste disposal and, more specifically, to waste sorting.

Now for the collection of household waste in the households use different bags, pouches or bags, which are placed waste. For example, in Finland it is common practice to use plastic bags from stores where purchases bring home as bags for waste. Waste in plastic bags include in the container, which put the waste package, usually tied knot. The garbage truck takes waste for further processing. Known pneumatic transportation of waste, in which the bags of waste are transported in bags from receiving points for further processing. In both cases one disadvantage, among others, is that the sorting of waste is difficult. Users often can't be bothered pre-sorting waste into different parts, and mix all the waste in one bag and throw it in one container. In this case there are mixed waste processing which is difficult.

Known solutions for sorti the information waste according to which different waste types collected for transportation in different containers, such as containers or bags of different colors. For example, household waste placed different types of bags in different colors. For each type of waste is the bag of a certain color. Waste is transported in the normal garbage truck to the recycling centre where waste is sorted into different groups based on the color of the bags. Optical sorting of waste is described in EP 0759816. The disadvantage of this solution is that to sort each type of waste bags should be placed separately. Another disadvantage is the uncertain operation of the automatic optical sorting device for sorting bags, in a dirty environment. This sort of waste is described in the publication WO 03039773 A1.

On the one hand, there is no guarantee that the source of waste, such as household, will use the bag of the desired color for each type of waste. The habits of the people, incorrectly using the system, it is difficult to correct. On the other hand, the identification or tracking of individuals improperly using this system, after the fact of misuse is almost impossible.

In addition, when you use plastic bags or sacks node, tied on the bag, for example, using the handles of the package, usually R is svyazyvaetsya, and in this case, the waste during transport freely poured from the package. This leads to the pollution of garbage trucks, containers and/or adjacent bags or garbage bags, complicates the process of sorting and creates a hygienic problems.

The present invention is the solution of a new type, which can eliminate the disadvantages of the prototype.

The present invention is based on the concept that for closing bags of waste applies a closing means with a radio frequency tag (RFID).

The method according to the present invention has the distinguishing characteristics listed in claim 1 of the claims.

The method according to the present invention also has distinctive characteristics listed in claim 2 14 formulas.

The closing means of the present invention has the distinguishing characteristics listed in clause 15 of the formula.

The closing means of the present invention also has distinctive features that are listed in PP-25 formula.

The solution according to the present invention has many important advantages. When using the closing means of the present invention, on the one hand, bags, packages, etc. for garbage remain closed during transport and operation of the system, for example, more efficient sorting than previously, can be controlled using the I am glad is chastoty labels. Installing RFID tags in the closing tool allows you to use any bag, package, etc. for transportation of waste and does not require a separate shipping containers, specially designed for certain types of wastes. According to one preferred variant of the invention the reader RF tags may be connected with the container or the waste collection point, for example, with room for waste collection. In such a transport system for collecting different materials you can use only one point of collection or waste container, and in this case, the waste in the system are sorted into different groups later in accordance with the RF tag. In addition, it is possible to prevent the point of waste collection system materials without RFID tags.

The RF tag may be used to register the amount of waste emitted by a particular user, so you can change the principles of payment. On the other hand, the user may be encouraged for the sorting of waste, for example, reduction in the tariff for the removal of the waste which is recyclable.

According to the typical option of closing the closing means is an adhesive tape, for example, adhesive tape from the radio frequency tag having a different color for different in the effluent waste this tape also has a text identifier in accordance with the type of waste. In addition, the closing means and/or radio frequency ID, you can generate the identification number or other identifier that is defined separately for each household, household, or other source of waste. The closing means may also include an image or a picture of the type of waste for which it is closing the tool is intended.

Thus, the present invention can be used for ordinary plastic bags from the store, which is closed by a closing means according to the present invention. This package waste fill and close, tying it handles node. Usually you tie one knot, and then on this site you can put the closing means, i.e. the adhesive tape. After this handle package can be tied to the second node. RFID remains partially protected and is not damaged during transportation. The closing means of the present invention also prevents the outbreak of nodes on the waste package.

In the centre of waste sorting, where the packages are usually transported by trucks or other means, for example pneumatic transport system waste package is s sort on different types of waste on the basis of information contained in the radio frequency tags. After the packages are broken and separated from other waste. RFID tags the closing means of the present invention can further be used by the reader as a confirmation that the packages or bags of waste were removed from groups of sorted waste.

For each type of waste is allocated a dedicated closing means containing a radio frequency tag. For example, recyclable paper is collected in an appropriate way. In this case, the paper, such as Newspapers, fits in a package that is closed by a closing means according to the present invention, containing the radio-frequency tag.

The closing means of the present invention may be supplied in the form of a strip that contains many closing means, and the strip can be rolled up. Closing the tool of this type preferably contains the line of cut between every two successive closing means. Cutting the closing means can be facilitated due to the presence on the roll perforations, etc. to facilitate removing the closing means from the roll. The closing means of the present invention may be supplied in the form of a sheet containing many closed what that means. Such sheet closing means includes a point cut between adjacent closing means. Sheet closing means preferably includes a base, which protects the adhesive surface of the closing means. The basis is preferably perforations, etc. to facilitate detaching the closing means from the sheet. Usually between the closing means on the sheet there are sections that are fixed in the surface of the base, but do not pass through the basics. In this case, the closing means can be easily detached from the sheet (for example, as adhesive tape).

Using a closing means according to the present invention, it is possible to a greater extent than previously, to optimize the transportation system of waste, for example a pneumatic system for transporting waste. For example, the speed and the amount of waste transferred through the pipes, it becomes easier to measure using RF tags in the closing means for the waste bags and devices read RF tags located in the transport system. In addition, you can define the duration of transport from the point of waste collection to the point of accumulation of waste and in that case it is possible to optimize the procedure of emptying the next point of waste collection.

Point of waste collection can be constructed so that they are not animal waste if the waste package has no closing products containing radio-frequency tag.

The RF tag may also inform the degree of fill of container for disposal or waste collection point. In this case, you can optimize the transportation of waste. Transportation is carried out only when the current level is exceeded. This saves energy and reduces emissions of harmful substances. The RF tag may also inform the waste composition. If the waste contains any non-recoverable materials, within the prescribed period may be requested by the export of such waste. The RF tag may also issue an alarm signal on temperature, i.e. a fire alarm. The RF tag may also inform you when the waste placed in the container in which the container, and in this case it is possible to get information about the number, types of waste and trends of their appearance.

Using a closing means according to the present invention in a pneumatic pipe transport system gives the advantage that in this case does not require separate reception point for different types of waste, and all waste go through the same collection point. You can use normal transport containers of the same type, and their mo is et to collect only one garbage truck, not 3-4 garbage truck. It is also useful all waste, such as mixed, biological, glass, metal and paper, placed in a bag. In this case, the waste is not mixed, and the tubes remain clean, and transportation of such waste pipes easier. In the centre a sort bag is automatically removed.

According to one preferred variant of the present invention can be used so that specialized covering products containing RFID tags provided to each household or other waste sources, etc. This helps sorting. In addition, by combining the closing means and RF tags according to the present invention can easily determine where costs are generated in such a system of waste collection. With the waste producers can charge more accurately than before.

According to one preferred variant of the households use a fixed tariff for waste disposal and receive credit for each bag of waste placed in the sorting centre. On the basis of automatic meter reading RF tags, the system can distribute the sorted waste with the help of the information system so that credit was given correctly.

Sorting on the basis of RFID tags in sorting centre Khujand is realized very easily, as the identification of the household. Thus, the placement of RFID tags in the closing means opens new opportunities for waste sorting.

What follows is a more detailed description of some of the variants of the present invention with reference to the attached drawings, where:

figure 1 - option closing means according to the present invention for the bag for waste,

figure 2 - detail of the closing means of the present invention on the bag for waste at the sight from one direction,

figure 3 - detail of the closing means of the present invention on the bag for waste in the form with the second direction,

figure 4 - list a closing means according to the present invention with the first direction,

5 is a sheet closing means according to the present invention, when the second direction,

6 is a detail detach the closing means from the sheet when the view from one direction,

Fig.7 is a detail detach the closing means from the sheet when the view from the second direction,

Fig - option closing means of the present invention,

Fig.9 - option sheet closing means of the present invention,

figure 10 - ways-closing means according to the present invention,

11 are drawings explaining the procedure for applying a closing means according to the present invention.

Nafig presents the waste bag 1, attached to the closing means 2 of the present invention, equipped with a radiofrequency tag 3. The closing means 2 in the embodiment shown in the drawing, is located at the node 10, is formed on the bag 1 by binding handles 11 of the bag 1. The closing means 2 includes an adhesive surface on the side that is pressed against the outer surface of the bag 1, and in this case were attached to the outer surface of the bag.

Closing the tool of figure 2 contains the basis on which the known method is RF tag 3. The base preferably is a sticker from a laminate that can be easily attached to the bag of garbage due to the adhesive surface. Figure 2 also shows a schematic and simplified view of parts of the radio-frequency tag. The radio frequency tag includes a memory (chip) and antenna. The radio-frequency tag preferably is a passive radio frequency tag, in this case does not require a power source.

Figure 2 and 3 in simplified form, shows the situation in which closing means of the present invention installed on the bag 1. The closing means 2 includes an adhesive surface 205 that is protected by at least one base 203, the base is removed before attaching the closing means to the bag. According to figure 2, there are two parts 203 foundations, and in this case they delete what are tightening calling each other parts 206. Calling each other part 206 is formed on the base 203 to facilitate the removal of the basics. In one embodiment, (7) the Foundation made the slot 204, from which the base is divided into two parts.

As shown in figure 4 and 5, the closing means 2 are collected in sheets of 200, with which these closing means 2 is removed as necessary, i.e. individually. As shown in figure 4, between adjacent closing means 2 has a slot 201, which separates the closing means from each other. The slot is typically included in the base from the surface of the closing means, but it doesn't pass through basis. Figure 5 shows a sheet closing means in figure 4 from the basics. In one embodiment, in the basis formed by the perforation 202 or similar items in place of the slot separating adjacent the closing means. The closing means 2 is easily detached from the sheet 200 closing funds and foundations by tearing at the perforation 202. Figure 6 and 7 shows one of the closing means is removed from the sheet 200.

As shown in figure 5, based on 203 can be formed slot 204 perpendicular to the closing means, and which passes through the base, but does not pass through themselves closing means.

On Fig shows one preferred variant of the closing means 2. In addition to the RF tag 3 closing the medium is in 2 also contains other tags 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26. In the embodiment shown in the drawing, closing the tool contains the text marking 21, which words determines the type of waste that is targeted by this label. Verbal label 21 may be executed in multiple languages. Color mark 22 formed on the surface of the closing means, and this color label may cover part of the area of the closing means. In addition, the closing means may include a drawing or figure 23 illustrating the type of waste that is targeted by this label. The closing means may contain code 24 client that refers to the source of waste, such as household, company, or community. Code 24 client usually is alphanumeric. In addition, the closing means may include a bar code 25 or other visible graphics code. Next, a closing means for groups of waste, reusable, can contain a code indicating such reuse. Additionally, the closing means 2 may contain information or advertising of the manufacturer or seller. The closing means may also contain the name or other identifier of the local companies involved in waste collection, or community.

The radio-frequency tag can be installed on closing the tool in a known manner. Zakryvaymo the tool can be performed entirely in that color, that indicates each location for waste collection, or the corresponding color can be printed on its surface. Accordingly, the closing means can be printed or put another way other markings.

Figure 9 shows the sheet 200 closing means for one type of waste, if this list contains many of the closing means 2.

Figure 10 shows some examples of different closing means 2a, 2b, 2c, 2d, 2e, 2f, 2g, intended for closing bags containing different types of waste. Option figure 10 represents the closing means 2A for mixed waste, the closing means 2b for metal, the closing means 2C for carton closing tool for 2d biological waste, the closing means 2E for hazardous waste, the closing means 2f for paper and closing means for 2g glass. In accordance with the need, you can select your own identifiers for other types of waste.

Alternatively, the closing means 2 can be used as a normal collar to the neck of the bag for waste, tightly twisting his neck. If desired, the bag can also be fastened on the site or to use additional closing means.

The combination of the closing means 2 and the RFID tags 3 of the present invention can be used in the system of transport is irowiki waste for example, in the following way. The closing means of the present invention, i.e. the combination of the closing means and the radio frequency tag, distribute or otherwise delivered to household or other waste producers. Typically, distribute sheets 200 containing a closing means 2 for certain types of waste. RF tag contains the code or the ID of the corresponding manufacturer's waste, with which you can easily identify such a waste producer. In one preferred embodiment, the closing means 2 contains the identification code, for example, the color code, according to which the closing means is used in a system in accordance with the agreement for each sorted the waste bag. The color code can be just closing means or be in the form of image or text. The color code of one color may indicate mixed waste another color - biological waste, and consequently, reusable materials have their own color code. In this case, the user attaches the closing means with the corresponding color code to the bag containing some form of waste. Therefore, the user can collect different types of waste in any available bag is or packages and mark these bags closing means with a specific color code, RFID tag according to the present invention. Typical RF label also contains information about the type of waste for which it is used.

In one preferred embodiment of the present invention the reader RF tags may be connected with a lid or Lucca of the waste container or the point of waste collection that allows you to download only those wastes for which is the container or the point of waste collection. In particular, in the pneumatic transport system of waste for different materials you can use only one point of waste collection, and the system will sort the waste is later, in accordance with the RF tag. At the same time, it is possible to prevent the waste without RFID tags at the point of waste collection system.

The RF tag may be used to register the amount of waste produced by a specific user, and in this case you can change the payment principles. On the other hand, the user can be encouraged for the sorting of waste, for example, reducing the tariff for the transportation of the waste which is subject to repeated use.

In a typical embodiment, the closing means is an adhesive tape having a radio frequency tag and the color corresponding to the type of waste, this adhesive tape is, for example, a text identifier type waste. Also what about the, on the closing means and/or RF tag, you can generate the identification number or other identifier that identifies the property, the company managing the household or other waste generator.

The present invention can be used, using ordinary plastic bags from stores that are closed by a closing means 2 of the present invention. Plastic bag waste fill and close, tying the handles in a knot. Typical first tie one knot, and then, after applying over this site closing means, preferably an adhesive tape, pens package tied to the second node. In this case, the radio-frequency tag remains partially protected from damage during transportation. The closing means of the present invention also prevents the outbreak of the nodes on the waste package.

Figure 11 shows a series of drawings illustrating the procedure of applying a closing means for the waste package. On figa shows the normal package 1 from the store that contains the node 10, which tied the handle 11 of the package. On fig.11b shown disconnecting one closing means from the sheet 200. On figs shown as a closing agent is applied to the package, preferably on top of the node 10. If desired, over the closing means 2 handle pack to monosilicate in another node, as shown in fig.11d. Once the waste package is prepared, it can be placed at the point of collection of waste, for example in the container, as shown in figa.

In the center of the sorting of waste, where the waste bags usually transported by trucks or other means, for example pneumatic transport system, the bags are sorted into different waste types in accordance with the information contained in the radio frequency tags. Then the bags tear and separate from other waste. Radio frequency tag, the closing means can still be used to confirm using a reading means that the bag of waste extracted from the sorted waste.

Specialized closing means with radiofrequency tag is created for each type of waste. For example, the waste paper is collected accordingly. In this case, waste paper, such as Newspapers, collected in the bag and close the bag closing means with the radio frequency tag according to the present invention.

The closing means of the present invention can be supplied in the form of a strip that contains many closing means, rolled. Such a roll closing means preferably contains a point of separation between every two adjacent closing means. Removing the closing means can the bigcity, creating roll perforation, etc.

The pneumatic system of waste transport can be arranged better, than previously. For example, the speed and the amount of waste transported by the pipe, can be measured using radio-frequency tags on the bags of waste and reader installed on the pipeline or in the transport system. In addition, it is possible to determine the transport time from the point of waste collection to the drive, which allows to optimize the choice of the following collection points for waste discharge. For example, waste type X out of a collection, and when these wastes will reach the point Y in the pipeline, you can activate the point In waste collection.

Point of waste collection can be constructed so that they did not accept waste if the bag does not have a closing means with radiofrequency tag.

The radio frequency tag can also inform about the degree of filling of the container or the point of waste collection. In this case, you can optimize the transportation of waste. Transportation is carried out only when exceeded a specified level. This allows you to save energy and reduce emissions of harmful substances. The RF tag may also inform you about the composition of the waste. If the waste contains non-recoverable substances, you can request the removal of waste from atagonist. The RF tag may also issue an alarm signal on temperature, i.e. the signal fire alarm. The radio frequency tag can also inform you of when waste was placed in the container in which the container, and in this case it is possible to get information about the number, types and trends of waste.

Application closing means according to the present invention in a pneumatic pipe transport system gives the advantage that does not require a separate collection points for different types of waste, since all waste go in the same collection point. For normal transportation will need containers of the same type, and they can take only one garbage truck and not 3-4 garbage truck. The advantage is that all waste, including mixed, biological, glass, metal and paper are placed in the bags. In this case, the waste is not mixed, and the transportation of pipes is facilitated. In the sorting center the bags are automatically removed.

According to one preferred variant of the present invention can be used to specialised closing means with RFID tags provided to each household. This makes it easier to sort. In addition, using a combination of the closing means and RFID tags present Adamu invention is easy to demonstrate where in the waste collection costs are generated. Payment of waste producers can charge more accurately than before.

According to one preferred variant of the invention for households used a fixed tariff for waste disposal and available credit for each bag of waste sorted at the sorting centre. On the basis of automatic meter reading RF tags, the system can identify sources of waste with the help of the information system so that credit was given correctly.

Although the combination of the closing means and the radio frequency tag is the most preferred option, the system does not exclude alternative solutions, in which instead of closing funds are used waste bags containing the radio-frequency tag. However, in this case for each type of waste will need their bags with RFID tags.

Sorting on the basis of the RF tags in the sorting centre is very easy, as the identification of the household. The radio-frequency tag provides numerous opportunities for waste sorting.

Thus, according to the present invention it is proposed a method in the system of waste collection, according to which waste or materials which can be recycled, transported in bags, the bags or attach 1. To close or to check the closing bags, bags or packages, etc. used for transportation of waste, use a closing means 2, equipped with a radiofrequency tag 3.

In one preferred variant of the method for transporting waste use plastic bag, plastic bag, or plastic bag, which is preferably the user selects arbitrarily.

According to one preferred variant, the closing means 2 comprises at least one visual indicator 21, 22, 23, such as drawing, color, code, marking, etc. that determines the type of waste or material subject to the re-use of contained in the bag, package or bag, to which is attached a closing means 2.

According to one preferred variant, the closing means 2 comprises at least one second visual indicator 24, 25, for example, labeling, code, etc. that identifies the user, such as a household.

In one preferred embodiment, the closing means 2 includes an adhesive surface 205 with which the closing means can be attached to the bag, package or bag 1.

Typically as a closing means 2 used a tape having an adhesive surface 205.

In one preferred embodiment, the closing means 2 which contains the base 203, protect the adhesive surface 204, and which is removed prior to fastening the closing means on the package, bag or bag.

In one preferred embodiment, the reader RF tags are connected to or located near the point of waste collection, and is made with the ability to control the transportation of waste or its part on the basis of the information read from the RF tags.

In one preferred variant of the method, waste is sorted into different types based on the information from the RF tags 3.

In one preferred embodiment, the RF tag 3 closing means 2 is used to optimize the performance of the transport system.

In one preferred variant of the method, the closing means is placed on the sheet 200 closing means or on the runway closing means, for example in a roll that contains many closing means 2, and the sheet or roll the closing means is disconnected individually as needed.

In one preferred embodiment, the sheet 200 closing means to form a slot 201 between adjacent closing means 2, and the slot most preferably passes from the surface to the substrate surface 203.

In one preferred embodiment, the base 203 of the sheet 200 closing means is made of perforation 202, p is polozhenie between adjacent closing means 2, and on which the closing means 2 can be detached from the sheet 200.

In one preferred embodiment, the slot 204 and the like are formed in the base 203 to facilitate detaching the basics 203 from the front side of the adhesive surface when fastening the closing means.

The present invention also relates to a closing means for closing or checking the closing of the bag, package, bag, etc. used for transportation of waste. The closing means 2 of the present invention contains the RF tag 3.

In one preferred embodiment, the closing means comprises at least one first visual identifier 21, 22, 23, such as picture, color code markings, etc. that determines the type of waste or material subject to the re-use of contained in the bag, package or bag, to which is attached a closing means 2.

According to one preferred variant, the closing means 2 comprises at least one second visual indicator 24, 25, for example, labeling, code, etc. that identifies the user, such as a household.

In one preferred embodiment, the closing means 2 includes an adhesive surface 205 with which the closing means can be attached to the opposite surface or, more specifically, m is the Cabinet, the package or bag.

In one preferred embodiment, the closing means 2 contains the tape, one side of which has an adhesive surface.

In one preferred embodiment, the closing means 2 are arranged on the sheet 200 or strip, for example in a roll that contains many closing means, and the sheet or roll the closing means is disconnected individually as needed.

In one preferred embodiment, the closing means 2 includes a base 203, which protects the adhesive surface 204, and the base is made with the possibility of removal before fastening the closing means.

In one preferred embodiment, the sheet 200 closing means between adjacent closing means 2 has a slot 201, which runs from the surface to the substrate surface 203.

In one preferred embodiment, the base 203 of the sheet 200 closing means is made of perforation 202 located essentially between adjacent closing means 2, in which the closing means 2 together with the base 203 can be separated from the sheet 200.

In one preferred embodiment, the base 203 made the slot 204, to facilitate removal of the substrate with the front part of the adhesive surface when fastening the closing means.

In yet another embodiment, the closing means comprises a name or D. the natives ID local waste disposal or the name of the community, for example the municipality.

In yet another embodiment, as the closing funds are used linking tool, for example, a coupler with an integrated RF tag. Linking the tool contains a certain branch that when using pass through the loop. The internal surface of the branch contains the teeth and loop includes a retaining means, which is included in the depressions between the teeth so that when using the branch has no way out of the loop, but can only move in the direction of tightening.

The use of RFID tags in the pneumatic transport system of waste described in WO 2005/118435. The use of RFID tags for sorting waste described in WO 2006/096101.

Specialists it is obvious that the present invention is not limited to the described variants and can be changed within the applied formula. Distinctive signs, possibly presented in the description in conjunction with other distinctive signs, if necessary, can be used independently.

1. Method in the system of collection of waste, where waste or materials which can be recycled, transported in packages, bags or bags (1), characterized in that the closing or to confirm the closing of the package, bag or bags or appropriate means, use is utilized for the transportation of waste, use the closing means (2), containing the radio-frequency tag (3), and the closing means (2) includes an adhesive surface (205) for attaching the closing means to package, bag or pouch (1), and in a specified way for the transportation of waste used plastic bag, plastic bag, or plastic bag, most preferably freely selectable by the user.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the closing means (2) comprises at least one visual identifier (2, 21, 22), such as picture, color code, a label, or a corresponding tool that defines the type of waste or subject to re-use material contained in the package, bag or bag or appropriate means for closing which used the closing means (2).

3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the closing means (2) comprises at least one second visual identifier (24, 25), for example, the marking, the code that defines the user community, for example, the household.

4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the closing means (2) use a tape having on one side an adhesive surface (205).

5. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the closing means (2) includes a base (203), which protects the adhesive surface (204) and to the Yu removed before fastening the closing means to the package, the bag or purse.

6. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the reader connect the RF tags or place near the point of collection waste collection system, and perform with the ability to control the transport system or its part on the basis of information contained in the radio frequency tag.

7. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the waste is sorted into different types based on the information contained in the radio frequency tags (3).

8. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the radio frequency label (3) the closing means (2) is used for optimization of the transport system.

9. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the closing means (2) is placed on the sheet (200) or on the strip, for example, twisted into a roll that contains many of the closing funds, with a closing means is disconnected from the sheet or strip individually as needed.

10. The method according to claim 9, characterized in that the sheet (200) closing means between adjacent closing means (2) through the slot (201), which runs from the surface to the substrate surface (203).

11. The method according to claim 9, characterized in that the base (203) sheet (200) closing funds perform perforation (202) or corresponding means, located between essentially adjacent the closing means (2)for which the closing means (2) instead of the ones with the base can be detached from the sheet (200).

12. The method according to claim 5, characterized in that the base (203) through the slot (204) to facilitate removal bases (203) with the front part of the adhesive surface when fastening the closing means.

13. Closing means for closing or confirm the closing of the bag, package, bag, or an appropriate tool that is used to transport waste, characterized in that the closing means (2) contains a radio frequency tag (3), and the closing means (2) includes an adhesive surface (205), with which the closing means can be attached to the opposite surface, more specifically, to a package, bag, pouch or the corresponding tool.

14. The closing means 13, characterized in that it comprises at least one first visual identifier (21, 22, 23), such as picture, color code, a label, or a corresponding tool that defines the type of waste or material subject to the re-use of contained in the bag, package, bag, or an appropriate tool, which is attached by a closing means (2).

15. Closing means indicated in paragraph 13 or 14, characterized in that it comprises at least one second visual identifier (24, 25), for example, labeling, code, or corresponding means, which determines the user community, for example the household.

16. agrivalue the means indicated in paragraph 13 characterized in that it comprises a tape having on one side an adhesive surface.

17. The closing means 13, characterized in that the closing means (2) are located on the sheet (200) or the band, for example, rolled, containing many of the closing funds, with a closing means (2) are removed from the sheet or strip individually as needed.

18. The closing means 13, characterized in that it comprises a base (203), which protects the adhesive surface (204), while the base is made with the possibility of removal before fastening the closing means.

19. The closing means 17, characterized in that the sheet (200) closing funds made slot (201)located between adjacent closing means (2), and the slot extends from the surface to the substrate surface (203).

20. The closing means 17, characterized in that the base (203) sheet (200) closing funds made perforation (202) or corresponding means, located between essentially adjacent the closing means (2)for which the closing means (2) together with the base can be detached from the sheet (200).

21. Closing means for p, characterized in that the base (203) performed the slot (204) to facilitate removal bases (203) with the front part of the adhesive surface when kriplani the closing means.

22. The closing means 13, characterized in that the closing means comprises a name or other identifier of a local company waste collection or the name of the community, such as a municipality.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to processing if wastes. This system transfers wastes or reusable material in packs with handles, bags or sacks to, say, refuse bin and, therefrom, to processing means, with the help of trucks, Note here that RFID-identifier with sealing means is used along with said packs, bags or sacks. Sensor is arranged at disposal point or nearby it, said point being composed by refuse processing room. Data read by sensor from said RFID-identifier is transmitted to refuse transfer system control unit. Said data is used to transmit the control data from control unit to terminal of refuse collector and/or from disposal room to define refuse bin filling or concentration of refuse at disposal room. Said RFID-identifier is fitted at joint with said packs, bags or sacks, or the like, preferably, in sealing means. note also that said sensor is arranged at the joint with disposal room or nearby it. Data read from RFID-identifier is transmitted as described above.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of refuse collection, sorting and servicing.

20 cl, 6 dwg

Portable container // 2514443

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: container comprises control element arranged at separate bed or at container vessel and connected via transfer assembly with container cover, and wheels. Besides, this container comprises the brake composed of a rod arranged in guides elastically connected with control element or transfer assembly to fir in toothed rim at wheel or wheels.

EFFECT: ease of use.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed system comprises independent modules for various types of collected garbage consisting in its underground zone of the holler and container for withdrawal of a crane and in its surface zone composed of a station incorporating inlet bin with tip-up cover to be used by definite users. Said system comprises means to open and close covers, safety devices with moving component leaning against hopper wall with container there inside and designed to automatically turn on withdrawing container to horizontal position to stop and hopper opening. Said system comprises also inlet bin opening and closing means, coupler attached to crane boom to automatically lift the bin and transfer it in emptying zone. Note that said coupled comprises horizontal beam and two vertical supports to be vertically driven by hydraulic cylinders. Every said support has outer component with gripper at its end, means for automatic attachment of container to crane with its fixed gripping means secured to container body on its every side and cutouts at top ends for engagement with support outer component.

EFFECT: ease of use, higher safety.

15 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention may be used for control over container overfill and ignition, unauthorised access thereto and for control over container handling areas. Proposed system comprises identification unit, identification system interacting with refuse tipper onboard identification system to weight garbage before and after dumping, and measurement-transmission unit. The latter is arranged in flange element or identification unit housing ledge. System comprises also the receiver and control unit connected to data conversion system and central control post located in signal reception zone and composed of computer with data I/O devices, signal transmitter, duplexer connected with transceiving antenna and signal receiver connected to computer. Every transmitter is composed of master oscillator, phase manipulator, first mixer with second input connected to local oscillator first input, first intermediate frequency amplifier and first power amplifier with its output connected with duplexer input. Every receiver consists of second power amplifier, second intermediate frequency second mixer, multiplier, band filter and phase detector, all being connected in series. Note here that central station phase manipulator second input is connected to computer output while phase manipulator second input of every container is connected with data conversion unit output. Central control station transmitter allows radiating phase manipulation signals in frequency ω1o2, while receiver receives signals in frequency ω2o1. Transmitter of every container allows radiating phase manipulation signals in frequency ω2 while receiver allows signal reception in frequency ω1. Frequencies ωo1 and ωo2 of the first and second local oscillators are spaced by second intermediate frequency ωo2o1int2. Note here that onboard system is equipped with scanner consisting of master oscillator, duplexer with its I/O connected with transceiving antenna, first power amplified, phase detector with its second input connected with master oscillator output, delay line, adder with its second input connected with modulating code generator output, phase manipulator and second power amplifier with its output connected with duplexer second input. Multiplier is connected to generator output, multiplier second input being connected to generator output, and narrowband filter with its output connected with manipulator second input. System identification transducer is equipped with radio-frequency marker composed of piezocrystal with thin film aluminium interdigital transducer of surface acoustic waves applied on its surface and connected with microstrip transceiving antenna and a set of reflectors. Said transducer comprises two interdigital electrode systems interconnected by buses connected with antenna.

EFFECT: higher validity and reliability of identification of containers in near zone.

12 dwg

FIELD: transport, package.

SUBSTANCE: container includes body made as rectangular parallelepiped on the vertical wall of which in the upper part a loading window is made. The body is provided with loading valve consisting of body, tilting scoop, two side walls and front wall non-detachably fixed on the front wall of the body. Scoop bottom is bent at angle along transversal line. Outer part of scoop bottom is at the same time the cover of valve. In opened state, loading window of valve is covered by inner part of scoop bottom. Bending angle of scoop bottom provides stable lamp position in it when loading and gravity rolling down of lamp when valve is closed. In the lower part of body, removable accumulating capacity with inclined planes for lamp collection is installed with possibility to be freely evacuated. In the first version, inside the container, inclined plane is fixed to wall which is parallel to body front wall across wall width under inner bottom of scoop and in close vicinity to it. The second inclined plane is inclined bottom of capacity. The bottom is inclined relative to capacity wall which is parallel to rear wall of container body. Free end of inclined plane does not reach capacity bottom for distance providing free pass of lamp. In the second version, in the container, unlike the first container, inside capacity to walls which are parallel to front and rear walls of container body across their width inclined planes are fixed. The first plane is fixed on capacity wall which is parallel to front wall of body, under scoop bottom and in close vicinity to it. The second plane is fixed with inclination relative to capacity wall which is parallel to rear wall of container body. The third plane is fixed with inclination relative to capacity wall which is parallel to front wall of container body, and so on. The last inclined plane is bottom of accumulating capacity. Free ends of planes do not reach opposite wall of capacity and surface of underlaying plane for distance to let free passing of lamp. In the third version, inside capacity, the first inclined plane is fixed with inclination relative capacity wall which is parallel to rear wall. The second plane is fixed with inclination relative to capacity wall which is parallel to its front wall. The third plane is fixed with inclination relative to capacity wall which is parallel to its rear wall, and so on. The last inclined plane is bottom of capacity. Free ends of planes do not reach opposite wall of capacity and surface of underlaying plane for distance to let free passing of lamp. Inner surface of capacity, both surfaces of inclined planes and inner surface of loading valve scoop are covered with damping material.

EFFECT: group of inventions provides pollution abatement, possibility of container rotation and ease of use.

16 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: packing industry.

SUBSTANCE: each dustbin equipped with identification unit contains measurement-transmitting unit, which includes signaling sensors, receiver of GPS-signals, transmitter and receiver of electromagnet signal. Signaling sensors register dustbin overfill, garbage inflammation, unauthorised access, and similar factors. Information on dustbin condition and its location identified with the help of GPS system is sent to control point by means of radio communication.

EFFECT: invention provides for remote control of dustbins operation conditions, their loading and emptying.

10 dwg

FIELD: means for normal vital activity of crew of manned spacecraft.

SUBSTANCE: proposed container has housing in form of truncated cone with receiving and main reservoirs divided by damper. Mounted on lesser base of truncated cone is hinged cover of receiving reservoir; detachable bottom of main reservoir is mounted on larger base. Housing is provided with suction branch pipe fitted on lesser base of truncated cone in upper part of housing. Partition forming cavities is mounted along internal walls of main reservoir and detachable bottom. Cavity is filled with bulky material and is communicated with main reservoir in lower part of housing; in upper part of housing it is communicated with suction branch pipe. Main reservoir may be made in form of segments whose joints form passages closed with sealing material.

EFFECT: reduced volume for spare containers; ease in servicing sanitation units; enhanced habitability of crew.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to processing if wastes. This system transfers wastes or reusable material in packs with handles, bags or sacks to, say, refuse bin and, therefrom, to processing means, with the help of trucks, Note here that RFID-identifier with sealing means is used along with said packs, bags or sacks. Sensor is arranged at disposal point or nearby it, said point being composed by refuse processing room. Data read by sensor from said RFID-identifier is transmitted to refuse transfer system control unit. Said data is used to transmit the control data from control unit to terminal of refuse collector and/or from disposal room to define refuse bin filling or concentration of refuse at disposal room. Said RFID-identifier is fitted at joint with said packs, bags or sacks, or the like, preferably, in sealing means. note also that said sensor is arranged at the joint with disposal room or nearby it. Data read from RFID-identifier is transmitted as described above.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of refuse collection, sorting and servicing.

20 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: packaging industry.

SUBSTANCE: container is intended for fine litter and can be used in the social sphere, housekeeping, spheres of education, service industry, catering. The container is made from elastic material and has corrugated walls with corrugation waves perpendicular to the vertical axis of the container, a flat bottom and an opening for litter. The container in the horizontal section is made of triangular or rectangular or hexagonal until circular shape and a constant or variable cross-sectional shape vertically. The walls of the container are made from a sheet with horizontal knuckle lines which width corresponds to the width of faces of the container, with the knuckle lines which width is equal to the width of the semi-corrugation, where each odd line is an inner knuckle of the line, the even one - the external and slanted knuckle lines which are internal. And the horizontal segments of knuckle lines between the slanted lines are external.

EFFECT: invention provides simplified manufacturing.

2 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transportation of household rubbish, fluid, pasty or powdered substances. Proposed method consists in delivery of vehicles equipped with refrigerators, opening of vehicle hinged doors, loading the rubbish and closing said hinged doors. In frost-free season, refrigerators are switched on to prevent rotting of organic components of household rubbish. After delivery of rubbish to rubbish disposal plants, vehicles are discharged to divide the rubbish into components for production of exclusive construction elements and industrial alcohol. Empty vehicles are loaded with batteries of disposable containers filled with said rubbish and provided with hinges, vehicle hinged doors are closed to fit supporting hinges into appropriate openings of hinged doors and locked by cotter pins. Vehicles are directed to areas with shortage of material carried in said disposable containers. Then, supporting hinges are unlocked to open hinged doors to withdraw said disposable containers. Proposed device comprises vehicle with body 1, wheels 2, and hinged doors 5 with holes 7 to receive hinges 8 of disposable containers 9.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport, package.

SUBSTANCE: container includes body made as rectangular parallelepiped on the vertical wall of which in the upper part a loading window is made. The body is provided with loading valve consisting of body, tilting scoop, two side walls and front wall non-detachably fixed on the front wall of the body. Scoop bottom is bent at angle along transversal line. Outer part of scoop bottom is at the same time the cover of valve. In opened state, loading window of valve is covered by inner part of scoop bottom. Bending angle of scoop bottom provides stable lamp position in it when loading and gravity rolling down of lamp when valve is closed. In the lower part of body, removable accumulating capacity with inclined planes for lamp collection is installed with possibility to be freely evacuated. In the first version, inside the container, inclined plane is fixed to wall which is parallel to body front wall across wall width under inner bottom of scoop and in close vicinity to it. The second inclined plane is inclined bottom of capacity. The bottom is inclined relative to capacity wall which is parallel to rear wall of container body. Free end of inclined plane does not reach capacity bottom for distance providing free pass of lamp. In the second version, in the container, unlike the first container, inside capacity to walls which are parallel to front and rear walls of container body across their width inclined planes are fixed. The first plane is fixed on capacity wall which is parallel to front wall of body, under scoop bottom and in close vicinity to it. The second plane is fixed with inclination relative to capacity wall which is parallel to rear wall of container body. The third plane is fixed with inclination relative to capacity wall which is parallel to front wall of container body, and so on. The last inclined plane is bottom of accumulating capacity. Free ends of planes do not reach opposite wall of capacity and surface of underlaying plane for distance to let free passing of lamp. In the third version, inside capacity, the first inclined plane is fixed with inclination relative capacity wall which is parallel to rear wall. The second plane is fixed with inclination relative to capacity wall which is parallel to its front wall. The third plane is fixed with inclination relative to capacity wall which is parallel to its rear wall, and so on. The last inclined plane is bottom of capacity. Free ends of planes do not reach opposite wall of capacity and surface of underlaying plane for distance to let free passing of lamp. Inner surface of capacity, both surfaces of inclined planes and inner surface of loading valve scoop are covered with damping material.

EFFECT: group of inventions provides pollution abatement, possibility of container rotation and ease of use.

16 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: transport, package.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, particularly, to containers for collection of medical wastes, e.g. disposable syringe needles, suturing needles, etc. Proposed container comprises housing, detachable cover, hollow cylindrical insert jointed with said cover and furnished with inner web to overlap a part of inner space, and plug fitted inside cylindrical insert and provided with opening means. Note here that cylindrical insert wall has through slots, one being arranged above said inner web and another one being made above cylindrical insert inner space. Plug sides are furnished with bosses to be caught in aforesaid slots. Through slot made above inner web is provided with extra through groove arranged above said slot and connected therewith.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

3 dwg

FIELD: transport, package.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to utilities system. Proposed complex comprises shaft 1 with compactor 13, cover 2 with intake pedestal 3, cover turn drive 5 and compactor lift drive 9. Compactor 13 is arranged in shaft 1 ion guides 14 arranged inclined on shaft base to interact with compactor rollers. Cover turn drive is made up of lever 6 coupled via system of ropes and pulleys with electromechanical drive 8 made up of two-shaft drum-type hoist. Compactor lift drive is made up of pusher truck 10 coupled via system of ropes and pulleys with electromechanical drive 12 made up of one-shaft drum-type hoist.

EFFECT: increased reliability, simplified servicing, higher efficiency.

3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: packaging industry.

SUBSTANCE: container comprises a tank (1) made in the form of a plastic bucket with the neck having a curve in the direction of its lateral surface and equipped with a circular edge with a ledge for sealed installation of the lid (3). The lid has a flat bottom with the transitional fluting and a flanging for attachment. In the top of the bottom there is an insert (4) with an internal baffle (5) protruding over lid, having hollows and overlapping a part of the cylinder diametre. A cap with molded protruding latch (10) for opening is installed inside it. A removable insert (11) and a buckle (12) and a cylindrical cap (13) with a hole (14), tapering to the inside of its surface is set on the insert protruding above the lid. Cap height is equal to the height of the removable insert, and the outer side of the insert protruding above the lid has a ledge along the perimetre. The cap is connected to the buckle, and the latch of the cap has a button to fix the position "closed container".

EFFECT: invention increases the operational safety of the container.

4 dwg

FIELD: packaging industry.

SUBSTANCE: container for waste of mostly medical origin comprises a container (1) made in the form of a plastic bucket with the neck (2) having a curve toward the outer lateral surface and equipped with the edge with ledge, a removable lid (3) with a flat bottom and flare for fixing. The bottom has an insert (5) with overlapping its part an internal baffle with a cutout, hole and hollows, and a fixed flange installed inside the insert (10). Removable lid is equipped with a movable lid (11) with sledge runners (12) moving along the longitudinal axis of the removable lid on guideways (13) rigidly fixed to its bottom and the insert protruding under the lid (5). The outer side of the bottom is equipped with stops for fixing the closed position of the moving lid. The movable lid is equipped with a cut with a ledge along its edge for the fixed flange in position - filling the container, a latch for opening and closing the movable lid set perpendicular to its transverse axis and the clamp which is attached to the bottom of a removable lid on the opposite side of the stops.

EFFECT: invention increases security when using the container.

10 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to housing and communal services. Proposed complex comprises pit, container mounted thereon and lifting mechanism. The latter has the base and cover arranged at the ground level and intake neck extending above the ground. Note here that lifting mechanism base is jointed with the cover and the winch. Container incorporates refuse compactor. Lifting mechanism drive consists of single-shaft four-drum winch with electromechanical drive and systems of pulleys and ropes arranged on pit walls and lifting mechanism base. Note here that one ends of the ropes are fastened to winch drums, while opposite ends are attached via tensioning devices to pit walls. System of ropes and pulleys can interact separately with lifting mechanism base edge spaced from the winch and base nearest edge.

EFFECT: higher reliability of operation and ease of maintenance.

3 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention concerns collecting of a medical and veterinary waste. The container contains capacity (1) executed in the form of a bucket with a mouth, having rounding towards its lateral surface and supplied with ring edge with a prominence for tight installation of cover (3). The cover has a flat bottom with transitive corrugation and flanging for fastening. The cylindrical insert outstanding under cover (4) with internal partition (5) blocking a part of diametre of the cylinder is established in the lower part of the bottom on the centre. It has a plug established in it (6) with a flaring tenon for opening. The internal partition has an aperture executed in the form of a cogwheel and dredging, one of them has the form of half of ellipse extended across, another - half of form of a terraced rectangular pyramid.

EFFECT: invention raises reliability excluding contact with infected items.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: means for normal vital activity of crew of manned spacecraft.

SUBSTANCE: proposed container has housing in form of truncated cone with receiving and main reservoirs divided by damper. Mounted on lesser base of truncated cone is hinged cover of receiving reservoir; detachable bottom of main reservoir is mounted on larger base. Housing is provided with suction branch pipe fitted on lesser base of truncated cone in upper part of housing. Partition forming cavities is mounted along internal walls of main reservoir and detachable bottom. Cavity is filled with bulky material and is communicated with main reservoir in lower part of housing; in upper part of housing it is communicated with suction branch pipe. Main reservoir may be made in form of segments whose joints form passages closed with sealing material.

EFFECT: reduced volume for spare containers; ease in servicing sanitation units; enhanced habitability of crew.

2 cl, 3 dwg

Waste container // 2285648

FIELD: containers, particularly adapted to accumulate and store domestic waste in manned space-crafts and used to deliver products into orbiting space station.

SUBSTANCE: container comprises vessel made as truncated cone with bottom defined by minor cone base. The vessel may be closed with lid provided with valve and is formed of rubberized fabric. The vessel has rigid neck located from major cone base. Sleeve with tightening elastic rope is sealed to the neck. Lid valve is made as elastic diaphragm including at least two parts.

EFFECT: reduced container mass and size.

3 dwg

FIELD: containers, particularly ones adapted to collect refuse.

SUBSTANCE: refuse bin comprises body 1 with handles 2, strong lid 3 and anchor receiving units 4. Body includes cylindrical part 5 and bottom 6, which are molded-on, glued or mechanically connected with each other. Cylindrical part 5 has inner 7 and outer 8 walls and filler layer 9 arranged in-between. Bottom 6 has inner 10 and outer 11 walls separated one from another by filler layer and conforming to inner or outer cylindrical part perimeter. Walls are made of composite material, for instance of epoxy glass-reinforced plastic having 1500 kg/m3 density and based on fibers having 20 μm diameters. Volumetric fiber content is 65%. Cylindrical part walls 7, 8 are made by winding operation. Walls 10, 11 are created by molding or press-forming operations. Bottom may be flat or convex. Cylindrical part 5 and bottom 6 may be made as a single whole.

EFFECT: prevention of damage caused by fragment and increased service and maintenance convenience.

25 cl, 3 dwg

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