Method for assessing playing sportsman's physical actions accuracy

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to sports medicine and aims at assessing a playing sportsman's physical actions accuracy. A sportsman being tested is presented a circle on a display with a mark and a point object moving at a specified speed round the circle. The sportsman being tested follows the point object travelling and stops it moving round the circle by pressing a Stop button once seeing an assumed matching of the moving point object and the mark. That is followed by calculating a matching error of the point object and the mark - a lag time with a positive sign or a lead time with a negative sign, and proceeding with moving the point object round the circle after some time. The sportsman being tested performs the described procedure for the specified times; a static series of the matching errors of the point object and mark is plotted; a range of the series is calculated, and a segment limited by the greatest and smallest members of the static series is marked on a number line. The physical actions accuracy of the sportsman being tested is assessed by a numerical line position of the segment limited by the greatest and smallest members of the static series of the matching errors of the point object and mark closest to a symmetry of a relatively zero point and the smallest value of the range of the matching errors of the point object and mark.

EFFECT: method enables providing the more reliable assessment characterising the playing sportsman's physical actions accuracy by instrumental measurements.

12 dwg, 4 ex

 

The invention relates to sports medicine and is used to assess the accuracy of motor actions of the athlete's sport.

In team sports athletes require rapid assessment of competitive situations, the adoption of appropriate solutions and technical skill in the performance of motor actions [1]. The efficiency of the motor depends on the motor capabilities [2], due to the ability to perform motor actions within a short time, called the speed and accuracy of movements, which is defined as the motor of the act, implemented by compliance with the pre-installed system characteristics [3].

Known methods of estimating speed by the time the latent period of motor responses, single speed of movement, frequency of movements per unit time and the derivative of these indicators - movement speed [4].

A known method for the diagnosis of musculoskeletal functions of a person, including a registered joint trajectories of eye movements, head and hands during the test on leaps and bounds presented visual stimuli, measurement of latent periods, durations, maximum speeds and the number of multiple saccadic eye movements, head and hands and their comparison with the reference standard, characterized in that the movement is of both eyes register at the same time, in addition measure the difference between latent periods, durations, and number of multiple saccadic eye movements, as well as the ratio of their maximum speeds, and the resulting characteristics diagnose motor function [5].

A known method for detecting movements of a person, consisting in the fact that in the important points of the human body to post items that are sensitive to change their position in space, through sensitive to signals of these elements means recorded information obtained from them and process the recorded information with the help of a computer to obtain data about the nature of human movement, characterized in that the body of the person placing at least one three-dimensional microcontroller device for measuring the angular deviations, including three angular rate sensor, each of which is oriented in the direction of one of the three mutually perpendicular axes (X, Y, Z) and record the signals from the outputs of these sensors in non-volatile memory, information which is then used for subsequent processing [6].

The disadvantage is the inability to determine the accuracy of motor actions in team sports.

The closest to the technical nature of the present method is a method of assessing the accuracy of motor action of the athlete's sports, namely, that the subject present on the screen of the video monitor circumference, which contains a label and a point object, the bitmap object is moving with a constant speed on a circle, in the time of the alleged coincidence of the position of a moving point object tagged with the subject by pressing the "Stop" stops the movement of a point object on a circle, then calculate the mismatch error of a point object and label - error time delay with a positive sign or lead with a negative sign, and after a time delay to resume motion of a point object on a circle described procedure is repeated specified number of times, determine the maximum absolute value of the mismatch error of a point object and label assess the accuracy of the motor action of the test is equal to the maximum absolute value of the mismatch error of a point object and tag [7].

In this way is determined by the maximum absolute value of the mismatch error of a point object and a label that characterizes the probability of error in a series of motor actions, i.e. the probability of a technical defect, however, the accuracy of a series of motor actions is not evaluated.

The technical result of the proposed method is to increase the reliability of evaluation, characterizes the th accuracy of motor actions of the athlete's sport.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that the subject present on the screen of the video monitor circumference, which contains a label and a point object, the bitmap object is moving with a constant speed on a circle, in the time of the alleged coincidence of the position of a moving point object tagged with the subject by pressing the "Stop" stops the movement of a point object on a circle, then calculate the mismatch error of a point object and label - error time delay with a positive sign or lead with a negative sign, and after a time delay to resume motion of a point object on a circle described procedure is repeated specified number of times, and it is new that build variational number error mismatch point object and tags, calculate the variational sweep series by the formula [8]:

R=tmax-tmin, (1)

where tmaxand tminrespectively the largest and smallest members of the variation series, MS; mark on the number line segment is limited to the largest and smallest members of the variation series, precision motor action of the test is assessed according to the location on the number line segment, which is limited to the largest and smallest members of the variation of the number of mismatch error of the point object and the label closest to the symmetry with respect to the zero t is his, and a smaller value of variation of the magnitude of mismatch error of a point object and a label.

The task of the subject, seeking to stop the moving object accurately aligning it with the mark (figure 1), consists of nding some amount of pre-emption of their motor actions taking into account the velocity of the object, the remaining distance and speed of their motor actions [9]. The validity of the test in such situations correspond to the actions of the athlete's sports that allows you to evaluate the correctness of the decision and the accuracy of the motor actions of the test.

To evaluate the response time to a moving object is calculated the average value of mismatch error of a point object and label [10]. However, the evaluation of the reaction time on the moving object of the athlete's sports, calculated as an average value, it is not possible to adequately evaluate the accuracy of its motor actions. Let when testing the response time to a moving object two subjects received the following error values of a discrepancy between the provisions of point object and marks:

- for the first Respondent+10, -10, +10, -10, +10, -10, +10, -10, +10, -10 MS presented on figure 2;

for the second Respondent+5, -5, +5, -5, +5, -5, +5, -5, +5, -5 MS presented on figure 3.

Average error values nesovpadenie the provisions of point object and label both subjects are the same, but their variation amplitude and the scattering of the second Respondent is less than the first, therefore, the accuracy of the motor action of the second Respondent above.

To characterize the dispersion (variance) of the error values of a discrepancy between the provisions of point object and the label can be used variance or standard (RMS) deviation. However, the variance and standard deviation are the measure of deviation of mismatch error of the provisions of point object and labels from their average values [11]. Therefore, neither the variance nor the standard deviation may not provide an adequate assessment of the accuracy of motor actions of the test. Let when testing the response time to a moving object three subjects received the following error values of a discrepancy between the provisions of point object and marks:

- for the first Respondent+10, -10, +5, -5, +10, -10, +5, -5, +10, -10 MS presented on figure 4;

for the second Respondent+15, -5, +10,0, +15, -5, +10,0, +15, -5, presented on figure 5;

- for the third Respondent+5, -15,0, -10, +5, -15,0, -10, +5, -15, presented on Fig.6.

The standard deviation of mismatch error of the provisions of point object and the label of the subjects is 8.8 MS, the variation range of 20 MS. However, the location on the number line segment, which is limited to the largest and smallest members of the variation of the number of mismatch error, tocic the second object and a label, the first Respondent is symmetrical relative to the point 0 (figa), the second Respondent is shifted to positive values (pigv), the third Respondent in the region of negative values (figb), therefore, the accuracy of motor actions of the first Respondent above.

Thus, for a reliable evaluation of the accuracy of motor actions of the athlete's sports need to assess the location on the number line segment, which is limited to the largest and smallest members of the variation of the number of mismatch error of a point object and a label, and the value of their variational scope.

Figure 1 presents the circle, placed the subject on the screen of the video monitor, where 1 - marker, 2 - point object moving with a constant speed in a circle.

Figure 2-6 and Fig-11 presents the diagram of the error values of the lag and lead of five and four subjects, respectively.

7 and Fig presents the location on the number line segments that are limited to the largest and smallest members of the variation of the number of mismatch error of a point object and labels, three and four subjects, respectively.

The proposed method of assessing the accuracy of motor actions of the athlete's sport is as follows.

The subject present on the screen of the video monitor is cragnotti, which contains the label 1 and a point object 2 moving with constant speed on a circle (figure 1). The subject, watching the movement of the point object 2, in the time of the alleged coincidence of the position of a moving point object 2 with label 1 press the "Stop" button stops the motion of the point object 2 on the circle. Then calculate the mismatch error of the point object 2, and labels 1 - error time delay with a positive sign or lead with a negative sign, and after a time delay to resume motion of a point object 2 on the circle.

The person performs the described procedure specified number of times, and then build variational number of mismatch error of the point object 2, and labels 1, compute the variational sweep series by the formula (1) and note on the real axis segment is limited to the largest and smallest members of the variational series.

Precision motor action of the test is assessed according to the location on the number line segment, which is limited to the largest and smallest members of the variation of the number of mismatch error of the point object and the label closest to the symmetry with respect to the zero point, and a smaller value of variation of the magnitude of mismatch error of a point object and a label.

The inventive method allows to increase the reliability of the estimate, harakterizuyu the accuracy of motor actions of the athlete's sport.

Thus, the inventive method of assessing the accuracy of motor actions of the athlete's sports has new properties, contributing to the technical result.

Example 1

Subject L., age 18, having 2 category basketball on the video monitor screen of the personal computer brought the circle, which contains the label. On a circle clockwise moves with a given speed of a point object, making one revolution in 2 (figure 1).

The subject, watching the movement of a point object on the circle, in the time of the alleged coincidence of the position of the point object with the position of the label pressed key of the keyboard of the computer Space that functions as a "Stop"button.

The computer at the time you press the Spacebar stopped the movement of a point object in a circle, calculate the mismatch error of the provisions of point object and labels, error time delay with a positive sign or lead with a negative sign, put the value of the time of the error with the corresponding sign in the storage device and 1 with continued movement of the point object in a circle.

Tested in accordance with the recommendations [9] performed 13 stops the motion of a point object in the field of TIC, the first three of which in the assessment of reaction time on DWI is usysa object was not taken into account. As the result, obtained the following values of mismatch error of the provisions of point object and labels in MS: 3, -23, -10, -14, 10, 18, 6, 3, -5, -4, presented at Fig.

The maximum absolute value of the mismatch error of a point object and a label equal to 23 MS, variational sweep - 41 MS, the location on the number line segment, which is limited to the largest and smallest members of the variation of the number of mismatch error of a point object and labels presented on figa.

Example 2

Aspirant S., age 18, with a 2 digit volleyball, similar to the subject L., completed the test in assessing the response to a moving object. As the result, obtained the following values of mismatch error of the provisions of point object and labels in MS: -1, 20, 11, -6, -22, -13, 2, 3, -4, -8, presented on Fig.9.

The maximum absolute value of the mismatch error of a point object and a label equal to 22 MS, variational sweep - 42 MS, the location on the number line segment, which is limited to the largest and smallest members of the variation of the number of mismatch error of a point object and labels presented on figb.

Example 3

Subject I., 18 years old, have 2 category badminton, similar to the subject L., completed the test in assessing the response to a moving object. The testing produced the following error values nesovpadenie the provisions of point object and labels in MS: -10, -12, 13, -9, -11, -10, 11, -9, 12, 14, which are presented in figure 10.

The maximum absolute value of the mismatch error of a point object and a label equal to 14 MS, variational sweep - 26 MS, the location on the number line segment, which is limited to the largest and smallest members of the variation of the number of mismatch error of a point object and labels presented on figv.

Example 4

Subject K., age 18, with a 2 digit table tennis, similar to L. subject completed the test in assessing the response to a moving object. As the result, obtained the following values of mismatch error of the provisions of point object and labels in MS: -14, 9, 6, 10, -16, -10, -5, -8, 7, 9, presented at the 11.

The maximum absolute value of the mismatch error of a point object and label is 16 MS, the variational sweep - 26 MS, the location on the number line segment, which is limited to the largest and smallest members of the variation of the number of mismatch error of a point object and labels presented on high.

The analysis of test results shows that the variation scale of the tested L. (division 2 basketball) and C. (2 discharge volleyball) significantly more variation of scope of subjects I. (2 discharge badminton) and K. (2 categories on table tennis), therefore, the accuracy of the motor action of the tested L. and C. below, and pitamah I. K. - above.

Variational sweep subjects L. (division 2 basketball) and C. (2 discharge volleyball) differ slightly, but the location on the number line segment, which is limited to the largest and smallest members of the variation of the number of mismatch error of the point object and the label of the test With. more symmetrical relative to the zero point than that of the tested L. therefore, the accuracy of its motor actions above.

Variational scope of subjects I. (2 discharge badminton) and K. (2 categories on a table-tennis match, but the location on the number line segment, which is limited to the largest and smallest members of the variation of the number of mismatch error of the point object and the label of the test And. more symmetrical relative to the zero point than the examinee K. therefore, the accuracy of its motor actions above.

Thus, the proposed method can reliably estimate the accuracy of motor actions of the athlete's sport.

Sources of information

1. Rajcic EU Approaches to in-depth customization and monitoring technologies training of players in connection with the issue of the Olympic selection // theory and practice of physical culture. - 2003. No. 11. - P.16-19.

2. Korenberg V.B. have been Sporting opportunities and abilities // Theory and practice of physical culture and sports. - 2009. No. 3. - P.3-9.

3. Belokopytov J., Lavrentieva Century, Kozhevnikova L. the Content and structure of program of development of coordination abilities in girls 10-13 years engaged in artistic gymnastics // Physical education students. - 2010. No. 3. - P.3-8.

4. Lip VP foundations of early recognition of sports talent: textbook for higher educational institutions of physical culture. - M: Tera-Sport, 2003. - 208 S.

5. Patent 2146494 of the Russian Federation, IPC A61B 5/103, A61B 5/16. Method for the diagnosis of musculoskeletal functions and device for its implementation / Bazian KAPYSHEV, Dmitriev, A.D. No. 99105342/14; Appl. 24.03.1999; publ. 20.03.2000.

6. Patent 2257846 of the Russian Federation, IPC A61B 5/11. The method of registration of the movements of the person and the device for its implementation / Moraru E., Nikolaychuk O. No. 2004113256/14; Appl. 28.04.2004; publ. 10.08.2005.

7. Patent 2457785 of the Russian Federation, IPC A61B 5/16. A method of evaluating the accuracy of motor actions of the athlete's sports / Zakamskaya AV, polevschikov MM Rozhentsov CENTURIES No. 2011122491/14; Appl. 02.06.2011; publ. 10.08.2012.

8. Shalit A.I. Variational number // Mathematical encyclopedia. Vol. 1. CH. editor I.M. Vinogradov. - M.: Publishing house "Soviet encyclopedia", 1977. - S.

9. Methods and portable apparatus for the study of individual psychological differences between man / NM of Pasahow, A.P. Kashin, HE rams RG Vagapov; Ed. by V.M. Shadrina. - Kazan: Publishing house of Kazans. University, 1976. - 238 S.

10. Patent 2326595 RF IPC A61B 5/16. The method of estimating the response time of a person on a moving object / Pesoshin A.V. Petukhov, I., Rozhentsov CENTURIES No. 2326595/14; Appl. 04.06.2007; publ. 20.06.2008.

11. The V. N. Tutubalin. Dispersion // Mathematical encyclopedia. Vol.2. CH. editor I.M. Vinogradov. - M.: Publishing house "Soviet encyclopedia", 1979. - C-226.

A method of evaluating the accuracy of motor actions of the athlete's sports, namely, that the subject present on the screen of the video monitor circumference, which contains a label and a point object, the bitmap object is moving with a constant speed on a circle, in the time of the alleged coincidence of the position of a moving point object tagged with the subject by pressing the "Stop" stops the movement of a point object on a circle, then calculate the mismatch error of a point object and label - error time delay with a positive sign or lead with a negative sign, and after a time delay to resume motion of a point object on a circle described procedure is repeated specified number of times, moreover, it is new that build variational number of mismatch error point object and tags, calculate the variational sweep series by the formula:
R=tmax-tmin,
where tmaxand tminrespectively the largest and smallest members of the variation series, MS; mark on the number line is trezek, limited the largest and smallest members of the variation series, precision motor action of the test is assessed according to the location on the number line segment, which is limited to the largest and smallest members of the variation of the number of mismatch error of the point object and the label closest to the symmetry with respect to the zero point, and a smaller value of variation of the magnitude of mismatch error of a point object and label.



 

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9 cl, 6 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: rested and fatigue person being tested is presented with variable-frequency signals formed as test to be solved, a presentation rate of which is changed proportionally wto its solution rate, and a quantity is specified equal for the rested and fatigue person being tested. Response measurements of the person being tested on the presented signals; a degree of fatigue measurements variation are described by expressions Tav.f=Ttotal.f/Kcor.f, Tav.r=Ttotal.r/Kcor.r, wherein Tav.f is an average time for correct solution of one test in the fatigue state. Tav.r is an average time for correct solution of one test in the rest state, Ttotal.f is the total time for solution of the pre-set quantity of tests in the fatigue state, Ttotal.r is the total time for solution of the pre-set quantity of tests in the rest state, Kcor.f is the quantity of the correct tests in the fatigue state, Kcor.r is the quantity of the correct tests in the rest state. A sequence of the presented tests in the rest and fatigue human operator is pre-set equal; an average time for one correct test in the rest human operator (Tav.r) is determined by a limited quantity of 3-5 series of 10 tests and used as a reference for further examinations. The tests to be solved include logical and dynamic tests performed by the operator together with a machine. A time for performing each test is determined taking into account repeated solutions required to correct the result and to fulfil the accuracy requirements of the specific test. The psychological tests involve measuring the human operator's physiological parameters. If at least one of them goes beyond admissible levels, the human operator load is reduced by limiting the quantity of tests to be solved in the fatigue state. A degree of the human operator fatigue variation is assessed taking into account limiting the quantity of tests by a relative variation of an average time of the correct solution of the tests in the fatigue state, and respective analogous tests in the rest state.

EFFECT: method enables providing higher reliability ensured by increasing psychological, mental and lower visual component of the load, higher safety of the human operator in the process of examination and reducing time and material costs when implementing the method.

2 cl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves forming signals as tests requiring solution. The tests are shown with frequency changed proportionally to the frequency they are solved. The number of tests is set to be the same in the cases of recovered and tired state. General amount of time spent for finding solution for given number of tests and the number of tests having right solutions are determined in each state. Mental fatigue degree is evaluated from relative change of mean time needed for finding the right test solution using a relationship like (Tm.r- Tm.t)100%/Tm.t, where Tm.t = Tsum.t/Kr.t, Tm.r = Tsum.r/Kr.r, Tm.t is the time spent for finding the right answer in tired state, Tm.r is the time spent for finding the right answer in recovery state, Tsum.t is the total time spent to solve given number of tests in tired state, Tsum.r is the total time spent to solve given number of tests in recovered state, Kr.t is the number of right answers to the tests in tired state, Kr.r is the number of right answers to the tests in recovered state.

EFFECT: reliable estimation of fatigue degree.

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves determining prognostic parameter values like those of lung ventilation function after spoken rational and irrational test texts. Three values are calculated from the obtained data using linear classification functions. They are compared and functional cerebral asymmetry pattern is to be predicted from their values.

EFFECT: high accuracy and reliability of prognosis.

FIELD: medicine, neurology.

SUBSTANCE: by the table of quantitative evaluation of affected praxysis and gnosis as the value of cerebral corical disorders and degree of dementia manifestation level one should calculate in points these disorders. Moreover, if total value is above 24 points one should diagnose no disorders, if 20-23 points - light disorders, if 10-19 points - moderate disorders, and if below 9 points - pronounced functional disorders are stated upon.

EFFECT: higher accuracy of diagnostics.

1 ex, 1 tbl

FIELD: medicine, pediatrics.

SUBSTANCE: the present method deals with predicting deviations in psychic disorders in small children to detect initial manifestations of psychic disorders in children aged 1 mo - 3 yr. A child undergoes diagnostic tests to study 5 spheres of psychic activity: sensorics including the studying of vision, hearing, reflector tactile sensitivity and individual tactile sensitivity; emotions; the sphere of gnosis including the studying of attention, expressive and impressive speech, peculiarities of one's thinking; in behavioral sphere one should evaluate biological behavior that includes alimentary behavior and one's skills to be neat, and, also, social behavior that includes the development of "mother-child" system and communication with alien people, moreover, for every age period there are 20 test questions and each task is evaluated by 5 points, then one should determine the coefficient of psychic development (CPD) by the following formula: CPD = Σ (+ n), where Σ (+ n) - the sum of points for all fulfilled age tasks and at CPD being equal to 90 - 110 points one should detect normal psychic development, at CPD being equal to 80 - 89 and 111 points and higher the risk for the development of nervous-psychic pathology is detected and at CPD being equal to 79 points and less one should state nervous-psychic development as affected.

EFFECT: higher quality of diagnostics.

4 ex

FIELD: medicine, medicinal psychology.

SUBSTANCE: one should test a patient by seven scales: frequency, duration, intensity, sensor perception of pain, emotional attitude towards pain, neurotization level, adaptation capacity level to evaluate the results obtained by the scales mentioned from 0 to 6 points. Moreover, the scales for sensor perception and emotional attitude, the levels of neurotization and adaptation capacity should be evaluated in accordance to the Tables given in description. Additionally, one should, compare the degree of psychogenic constituent of pain according to chromatic choice made by a patient depending upon, at least, three choices of pain intensity: "pain during testing", "no pain", "severe pain" in accordance to the Tables given in description. Then, according to the results of testing one should evaluate the degree of patient's pain feelings both quantitatively and qualitatively. Moreover, by the scale of frequency the appearance of pain should be evaluated from "pain appeared once during several days or rarely" to "constant pain". By the scale of duration pain should be evaluated from "momentary pain" to "constant pain". By the scale of intensity the pain should be evaluated from "very weak pain" to "unbearable pain". By the scale of neurotization level one should take into account basic behavioral factors, such as anxiety, emotional lability, aggression, depression, psychogenia, hypochondria. The present innovation enables to increase significance in evaluating pain achieved due to broadened verbal description of patient's pain feelings.

EFFECT: higher accuracy of evaluation.

5 cl, 4 dwg, 2 ex, 17 tbl

FIELD: medicine, psychotherapy.

SUBSTANCE: the method deals with correcting neurological and psychopathological disorders with anxiety-phobic symptomatics due to individual trainings. The method includes evaluation of body reaction to stimulating signals, seances of individual training performed due to the impact of two quasiantipodal stimulating signals of similar physical modality applied in time of sporadic character, and as a signal one should present biological feedback for the altered value of physiological parameter adequately reflecting body reaction to the impact of stimulating signal. At the first stage of training it is necessary to achieve body adaptation to the impact of quasiantipodal stimulating signals, at the second stage it is necessary to obtain conditional reflex for one out of stimulating signals, for this purpose one should accompany this stimulating signal with discomfort impact, during the third stage, finally, due to volitional efforts one should suppress body reaction to stimulating signal. The devise suggested contains successively connected a transformer of physiological parameter into electric signal and a bioamplifier, an analysis and control block with a connected block to present the signals of biological feedback, a block for presenting discomfort impact, an indication block and that of forming and presenting quasiantipodal stimulating signals. The innovation enables to have skills to control one's emotions, decrease sensitivity threshold to environmental impacts and learn to how behave during stress situations.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of training.

15 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves measuring patient weight, recording age and sex of the patient. The patient is positioned in front of computer display unit. The data are inputted into the computer comprising software containing a program for estimating organism organs and systems condition. The following organs are detected. Lung, spleen, heart, kidneys, liver are proved for having deviations from norm with negative sign towards hypofunction or with positive sign towards hyperfunction. The data are displayed with the program on the screen as a table with reference and current values being shown in relative units with plus or minus sign. Canal states are estimated from detected organs being under maximum stress on the basis of infogram: lung canal P, spleen - canal RP, heart - canal C, kidneys - canal R, liver - canal F. When estimating organ state with deviation having plus sign, that means hyperfunction, canal state is estimated as having energy excess. When organ state deviation has plus sign, that means hyperfunction, canal state is estimated as having lack of energy. Eye diseases are diagnosed from state of organs and canals of P, RP, C, R and F. Hyperfunction in organ and excess in canal being available, initial ophthalmic disease stage is diagnosed. Hypofunction in organ and deficit in canal being available, chronic ophthalmic disease stage is diagnosed.

EFFECT: wide range of functional applications.

3 cl, 7 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves carrying out situation, planning, self-control and correction analysis. Volitional effort is included into functional self-organization process structure components. Functional self-organization process structure components characterize the following individual human specific characteristics: 1) goal-setting as taking and retaining aims; 2) situation analysis as revealing and analyzing circumstances essential from the point of view of achieving the set goal; 3) planning as scheduling private activity; 4) volitional effort as changing private activity sense; 5) self-control as controlling and estimating private actions; 6) correction as adjusting private goals, situation analysis, plan of actions, private activity sense, estimation criteria and self-control forms. Human self-organization process structure diagnosis is set after relaxation training aimed at relieving emotional effort and overfatigue. The relaxation training is exercised in coachman position with calming musical accompaniment and comprises the following stages: 1) respiratory exercises (inspiration duration is equal to expiration one, breath is hold between the inspiration and expiration for a time twice as short as inspiration time) 4 min long; 2) relaxation exercises (invoking heaviness and warmth sensation) of head, arms, legs and body -8 min long; 3) rest in maximum relaxation state - 4 min long.

EFFECT: high accuracy of diagnosis.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves showing sequence of two luminous pulses of 10 ms duration separated by 150 ms long pause. The pulses are repeated in constant 1.5 s long interval. Pause duration between two luminous pulses is reduced at the first measurement stage at constant speed of 20ms/s until a testee fixes fusion of two luminous pulses into single one in subjective assessment mode. Pause duration between two luminous pulses is increased at the second measurement stage with given constant step of 0.4 ms until the testee identifies the moment of subjective perception of two luminous pulses separation. Pause duration is reduced in discrete mode with given constant 0.1 ms long step at the third measurement stage until the testee identifies the moment of subjective perception of two luminous pulses fusion into single one. Human vision system persistence time is determined to be equal to pause duration between two luminous pulses when subjective fusion into single pulse takes place at the third measurement stage.

EFFECT: high accuracy in determining human vision system persistence time.

3 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves asking patient to tell or write down 5-7 novels. Rhetorical structure representations of the novels are built. Rhetorical structure mean depth being greater than 8, branching index being greater than 88 and occurrence of relations like sequence and consequence being less than 8, cognitive source relation being greater than 5, opposition relation being greater than 2 per 100 discourse units, neurotic disorder is to be diagnosed.

EFFECT: high accuracy of the method.

2 dwg, 1 tbl

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