Method of forming and securing of stacked materials pile with at carrier rectangular

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to handling operations. Proposed method consists in making the stacks (1) at platform to be placed on carrier at forming and locking them thereat by 3D shoes (2), fastening tapes (4) and lashes. Making the stacks is performed in two steps. At first step, enlarged cargo unit is formed at placing and securing of the first tier. Said stacks are placed at second and nest tiers in lengthwise or crosswise directions from carrier board to board at securing stack by fastening tape so that said enlarged cargo unit is produced. In compliance with first version, shoes composed by three-flange angle pieces are used. In compliance with second version, shoes composed by dual three-flange angle pieces are used. Stack placed at carrier is fastened by lashes and turn-buckles.

EFFECT: reliable and safe attachment, lower material costs.

6 cl, 19 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of operation freight transport means, in particular, to a method of mounting pile of stacked lumber in their Maritime transport on the hatch covers and the upper deck of the vessel, and can be used in other conditions during transportation and storage of cargo with a rectangular base.

The known method of fastening deck cargo (implemented RF patent №2025396), namely, that uses staneslow rack mounted on the upper deck the Cup for stensele rack and mounted on stensele rack hook that is fixed in the hole of planchonia washboards. The method uses brackets, one of which sets on stensele rack and the other on the deck coaming of the hatch, and a rigid plate with flanges at its ends for engagement with the brackets.

The disadvantage of this method is the limitation of its use in Maritime transport and the complexity of its implementation (the presence of various fasteners when installing stensele, large mass, dimensions), the complexity in setting up and securing cargo, failure to provide sufficient reliability of the packaged forest deck cargo.

There is a method of mounting a horizontally loaded units of cargo to the vessel (patent RF №2230685), carried the text of their Maritime transport, which consists in fastening units of cargo to the vessel and/or to the adjacent units of cargo using the fastening elements passing in the longitudinal direction of movement of units of the cargo area. While fixing the details of these elements, attached to the bulkhead of the ship and to the handling unit or adjacent units of cargo, form vsaimnoponimanie connection. Thus, the method is performed by means of the fastening elements located on the vertical sides of the units of cargo, passing in the specified longitudinal direction. Moreover, the fasteners form vzaimoponimae connection through its locking devices that prevent their displacement in the vertical direction.

The disadvantage of this method is the need to have different sets of mounting elements for mounting non-standard size packages. This known method can be used for fastening the same type size and is practically not acceptable for mounting pile of lumber, consisting of packages of various sizes on the deck of a ship. A significant disadvantage of this method is the need for special large enough technological platforms for the formation and dissolution of the packets, which causes difficulties in its use. By the above being the known method has not found its application in the present time.

Known adopted for the prototype developed special requirement for forming and securing during transport stacks of stacked timber with rectangular base on vessels of the Navy, which is the well-known method of forming and mounting pile of stacked lumber (General and special rules of transportation of cargoes. 4-M Volume 2 // M Moregenerally. RD 31.11.21.01 - 1997 and EP 31.11.21, - 2003, C. 5-74), in accordance with which the implement mounting pile of stacked lumber on the transport ship. This way most of the features adopted for the prototype.

According to a known method timber with rectangular base of the same and of different sizes formed on a separate platform in a package with metal mounting tape and tortsujut with two or one hand. Set along the gunwale of the vessel stensele so that the distance between stensele was 1.5-3.0 m, on the upper deck and hatch covers of the vessel to form a stack of packages of sawn lengthwise or longitudinal-transversal method of laying each row (stage). When packets of the lower tier are placed along the hull. Subsequent tiers of packages can be stacked both longitudinal and transverse method. Mounting (fixing) formed of the stack of packages produced by the Yu wooden wedges and cable naytowhow, opened in the reference plane. Naytove get on the end of the process of pile formation and control their tension during transport.

The disadvantage of this method is that during transportation and handling operations often broken, fixing tape and the destruction of the packages, and when laying the lumber of different sizes in packages cannot produce a dense packing of the caravan. Disadvantages are low-mounted packages, mounting (fixing) of the pile and maintenance themselves fastening means in flight. In marine practice, as a rule, the destruction of the stacks is due to malformed packets or packing them into a synthetic film that significantly reduces the frictional force, and also because of the loose stacking of the packages in the stack and the often poor quality of wood used according to the method of stensele (and low strength metal stensele), or improper installation, and also due to the weakening of tension naytowhow. During rolling of the ship, in which a pulsed load exceeds the weight of the packages of the stack, the tension naytowhow decreases and is offset from the packages in the stack, or even the loss of individual packets, which invariably will lead to the destruction of the pile. The disadvantage is who I am and the fact that for secure attachment of the pile you want one package had at least two of stensele. Moreover, the installation of stensele and tension naytowhow carried out manually and have significant work. In addition, during the unloading of such a loose pile of packages at the port, due to its partial destruction during transport may occur during unloading complete its destruction, which leads to unpredictable consequences, in terms of technical security, including those associated with death.

The technical problem on which the invention is directed, is to eliminate these disadvantages, namely, providing reliable, secure fastening stacks of bagged material, the exclusion of a significant amount of hard physical labour in the service of the fastening means of the pile in flight and reduce the time of cargo operations during loading and cargo handling.

The specified technical task is achieved by the fact that in the known method of forming and mounting pile of stacked materials with a rectangular base on the vehicle, including packaging materials and loading them into the vehicle using for fixing the formed pile on the vehicle obtyagivayusche what about the material in the form of mounting tape and rope naytowhow, moreover, when stacked packages are installed on the vehicle each tier of packages installed in series with the alternating transverse or longitudinal method, in contrast, in the present method, the formation and mounting of the stack of packages produced in two stages, each of which performs the formation and fixation of packages using mounting tape and fixing the three-dimensional type of shoes in the form of a three-walled corner, each of the bounding walls which are fastened edges of their adjacent sides at right angles with two associated walls. In each of the bounding wall near each of its edges in the Central part there is a pass-through window, respectively lower, upper, internal and external under the straps, oriented along its edges, and separated from it by a distance of not less than 10 mm During the formation of the packages in the first stage mounted on a separate platform generated packets. Set during the formation of close outside the upper and lower corners of the established packet data fixing shoes. Get straps in the box the bounding walls of the locking shoes and fit them wtogua in such a way that each of them having horizontally, connect the external window vertical walls of each two adjacent opposite, with the responsible upper and lower clamping shoes as length, and width of the package and having vertically connect the lower window of the vertical wall of the clamping Shoe each top corner of the package with the upper vertical wall opposite him Shoe each bottom corner of this package. And for the first and subsequent stages in the formation of packages on this separate ground alternately set and form each package. Then each generated package installed on the vehicle and close to it establish further formed in the same way the package, forming on the vehicle, the first tier of packages and shaping the way the consolidation of the cargo unit, using similarly for fastening it between the packages installed on their corners opposite data locking shoes at the place in their window mounting tape and wrapping them wtogua. Then fix and secure the tier naytove to the vehicle body, ending on the first stage and before the second. In the second phase shape and mounted on the first tier of the vehicle alternately similarly each package and form the second and subsequent tiers of the stack of packages, locking it this way packets between themselves, using the installed fixing shoes and straps. Then stack all packages top is its tier, orienting the axis of the vehicle, and also capture packets between themselves by means of their locking Shoe and mounting tape, and tight end formed by a stack of naytove.

In the particular case as packaged materials can be used lumber, formed into packets.

It is advisable, for the sake of convenience, in the particular case of forming and mounting pile of stacked materials with a rectangular base, the use of such locking three-dimensional type of shoes in the form of a three-walled corners on the inner surface of each of the bounding wall of each of which are near each edge has a rectangular flange located around the perimeter of this wall and is made with a gap in its Central part in front of each window.

Perhaps this embodiment of the method, as another effective option in which in the known method of forming and mounting pile of stacked materials with a rectangular base on the vehicle, including packaging materials and loading them into the vehicle using for fixing the formed pile on the vehicle tight material in the form of mounting tape and rope naytowhow, with multi-tiered installation of paketo the vehicle each tier of packages installed in series with the alternating transverse or longitudinal method, in contrast, in the present method, the formation and mounting of the stack of packages produced in two stages, each of which performs the formation and fixation of packages using mounting tape and fixing the three-dimensional type of boots as three-walled parts. At the first stage is formed on a separate platform from the individual packages integrated packages that form during installation on the vehicle each tier enlarged cargo units. When forming the on-site data aggregated packets use the mounting tape, fixing the three-dimensional type shoes in the form of a three-walled parts, each of the bounding walls which are fastened edges of their adjacent sides at right angles with two related walls, and each of the bounding wall near each of its edges in the Central part there is a pass-through window, respectively lower, upper, internal and external under the straps, oriented along its edges, and separated from it by a distance of not less than 10 mm, as well as use and fixing of three-dimensional type shoes and as a dual three-walled parts made of two mirror paired with each other on a vertical wall, which is restrictive, such three-walled parts, and this restrictive vertical wall of their mates who Ipanema continuous across the surface, and in each of the two bounding vertical and horizontal walls, located in a common plane, near their edges, in the Central part there is a pass-through window, respectively lower, upper, internal and external under the straps, oriented along its edges, and separated from it by a distance of not less than 10 mm. formation Itself at the first stage on a separate platform integrated packages perform in this order, which are installed on a separate platform two separate patches close to each other. Side of the junction of the two separate packages fix alternately top and bottom on both their inner corners dual data type locking shoes so that their angles are closely adjoined to the bounding walls of the dual type clamping Shoe, and the lower and upper outer corners of such consolidation package in turn set against the aforementioned fixing shoes in the form of a three-walled parts. Connect the horizontal straps and fit them wtogua width of the consolidation package exterior window vertical walls of all lower and upper opposite each other secures the shoes of both species in this rough-cut package, and an external window vertical walls opposite to each other the outer bottom fixing shoes and long the e at the bottom of the consolidation package wrapping and these tapes wtogua. Interconnected vertically mounting tape and covered them wtogua the bottom of the window vertical walls of the outer upper fixing shoes rough-cut package to-ceiling Windows, vertical walls opposite them outside of the lower clamping shoes of this rough-cut package. Batching the mounting tape is slid in such a way that each of them having horizontally, connect the external window vertical walls of each two adjacent opposite bottom shoes as the length and width of the package, and accordingly the upper width of the package and having vertically connect the lower window of the vertical wall of the clamping Shoe each top corner of the package with the upper window vertical walls opposite each Shoe bottom corner of this package. And for the first and subsequent stages in the formation of aggregated data packets on this separate ground alternately set and each form a master batch, and then each formed outline package installed on the vehicle and close to it establish further formed in the same way a master package, forming on the vehicle the first tier of aggregated packets and forming in this way consolidation of the cargo unit. At the same time when forming the decoration of the pattern of the cargo units of each tier is slid horizontally mounting tape between the inner Windows of vertical walls, and also between the upper Windows of the vertical walls of the upper row of all adjacent locking shoes closely set together of aggregated packets. Then fix and secure the tier naytove to the vehicle body, ending on the first stage and before the second. In the second stage form and similarly mounted on the first tier of the vehicle alternately similarly each consolidated package and form the second and subsequent tiers of the stack of the integrated packages, locking it this way enlarged packages using the installed fixing shoes and straps. Then stack all integrated packages of the upper tier, orienting the axis of the vehicle, and also fix enlarged packages among themselves by means of their locking Shoe and mounting tape, and tight end formed by a stack of naytove.

It is advisable, for the sake of convenience, in such particular case, the execution method in which the formation and attachment of a pile of stacked materials with rectangular base forming the integrated packages produced using the fixing of three-dimensional type of shoes such as three-walled corners on the inner surface of each of the bounding wall of each of which are close to each is Oh its edge has a rectangular flange, located around the perimeter of this wall and is made with a gap in its Central part opposite to each window, and the form of such locking dual three-walled parts made of two mirror paired with each other on a vertical wall, which is restrictive, such three-walled parts, this restrictive vertical wall of their mates made continuous over the entire surface and on the inner surface of each of the other vertical and horizontal bounding walls near each of its edges has a rectangular flange located around the perimeter of these walls and is made with a gap in its Central part opposite each window.

Declare distinctive and restrictive signs on the first and other options for use of the method provide collectively achieving technical objectives - ensures the reliability and security of attachment of the stack of packages due to the mounting of packages of each layer between a locking shoes of both species and their straps. The inventive method of attachment provides three-dimensional data type clamping shoes of both species with mounting tape nameselect packages relative to each other along the three axes X, Y, Z. Achieved the education of consolidated cargo units, as well as the fastening of the first tier on the ends to the chassis of the vehicle, allowing the aggregate to give the caravan a property of solidity. The last tier of packages placed on the axis of the vehicle, which helps to reduce the overturning moment of the load during rolling and pushing the vehicle.

The claimed characteristics of the clamping Shoe three-dimensional type of both species with the bounding walls and Windows to allow them to provide a snug fit its bounding walls to the corners of the packages, as well as in the particular case and due to the rectangular flange along the entire perimeter of each wall of both types of boots. And the gap in the Central part of each of this flange facilitates in the particular case to make the ribbon through the mounting box. In this way quite easily interconnected vertical and horizontal straps all opposite each other, the locking Shoe, forming in this way a package or outline package (package), and the tier appropriate clamping Shoe.

A tight fit of the bounding walls of the three-dimensional clamping Shoe in conjunction with the straps prevents the displacement of the lumber inside the package, and the package in the stack.

Declare options method is bespechivaet sufficient reliability fastening, the security of cargo and transport operations. The method in both its variants is not time consuming and easy, eliminates the labor costs for maintenance fastening means during transportation, significantly.

The claimed variants of the method provide enough effective operation and means for connecting the ends of the contact between a packet in the process of forming and mounting of the pile. Each connection gets the necessary high strength, which is achieved by relatively simple means - boots and not less than a simple action in the formation of the pile by means of the fastening tape and the fixing shoes.

In the second embodiment, use of the method is achieved by connecting the ends of the nearby packages, forming packets in the block data packets straps and dual boots.

As a result of these actions the stack, such a package and block packets, United fixing shoes in all of their upper and lower adjacent rows, significantly increases its solidity (due to elimination of bias and loss of packets)that provides a safe transportation of stacks of bagged cargo on vehicles, especially on ships, providing it (the stack) the ability to withstand static is s and dynamic loads, occur during rolling and pushing on the transport and security of the works in freight operations.

In addition, in the second embodiment, use of the United way in blocks packets can serve as a handy cargo unit during loading and unloading, which significantly reduces the complexity of cargo operations and simple means of transport.

Packaging in unit packages also prevents the destruction of the pile at various stages of loading and unloading and, thereby, increases the safety of operations.

While the inventive method does not involve the need to prepare the ground for the formation of packages with large sizes. Its dimensions commensurate with the dimensions of the base of the formed package or unit package.

A significant increase of solidity pile allows you to completely abandon the installation of stensele that simplifies the way.

Thus, in the inventive embodiments of the method a new approach to the problem of simplifying the mounting of the stack is achieved reducing the complexity of the service during transportation, improving the reliability and safety of fixed pile, reducing material costs while forming, fastening and maintaining it in a stable state, especially in the Maritime transport of stacks of bagged cargo on the upper deck and onion is rysko vessel.

The first variant of the proposed method is illustrated by the illustrations: figure 1 shows a stack of bagged cargo stowed on hatch covers (end view of the stack); figure 2 - a pile of bagged cargo stowed on deck and hatch covers (end view of the stack); figure 3 - the first tier of stacks of bagged material, laid on hatch covers (end view of the stack); figure 4 - the first tier of stacks of bagged cargo stowed on deck and hatch covers (end view of the stack); figure 5 - the first tier of stacks of bagged cargo (top view); figure 6 - side view of the pile of stacked cargo; 7 - performance clamping Shoe, side view, Fig the same, left side view, and figure 9 is the same on the right. This second use of the method is illustrated by illustrazioni: figure 10 - performance dual clamping Shoe, isometric, and 11 is the same, end view; Fig package of lumber, end view, on Fig the same, side view and Fig the same, top view, Fig connection of two packets on the ends, made double locking shoes, end view, and Fig - same, lateral view; Fig connection of the four packages on the ends, made double locking shoes, end view; on Fig - the first tier of stacks of bagged cargo, formed from a block of packets (enlarged) on Lukovi the covers, end view; Fig a stack of bagged cargo, formed from a block of packets (enlarged) on the deck and lugovy covers, end view.

To implement the proposed method of forming and mounting pile of stacked materials with a rectangular base in the first embodiment of the package 1 on the vehicle, for example a vessel (not shown) (Fig 1, 2), use fixing shoes three-dimensional type, made, for example, in the particular case in the form of a three-walled corner 2 (Fig.7, 8, 9). Each of its bounding walls 3 bonded edges of their adjacent sides at right angles with two associated bounding walls. For the convenience of the institution of the fixing tape 4 on the inner surface of each of the bounding wall 3 near each of its edges can be made rectangular flange 5, which is located around the perimeter of each of the bounding wall and is made with a gap in its Central part, and opposite each of this gap rectangular flange three-walled area has a pass-through window (bottom 6, top 7, 8 internal, external 9) under the straps 4, oriented along its edges, and separated from it by a distance of not less than 10 mm

Method of forming and mounting pile of stacked materials on this option shown in the example of promatory the crystals. It is as follows. The first stage. Previously perform the operation of forming alternately each individual package 1 on a separate platform (not shown) through a three-walled fixing shoes three-dimensional type 2 and mounting tape 4. Then the generated package will be loaded on the vehicle and initiate the formation at the site of the next package. To do this, first every package installed on the separating material (not shown)at the lower corners of each turn of the installed package set (Fig, 13) three-walled fixing shoes 2, the outside of each corner of the package so that they fit snugly against the corners, then each external end-to-end window 9 vertical walls 3 of each of the two adjacent opposite Shoe length (Fig) and width (Fig) package is slid horizontally mounting tape 4, and each of the fixing tape 4 fit wtogua and fasten the clamp 10 spectrasystem (not shown), such as pneumomassage. Then on the upper corners of the package is similar to installing a three-walled fixing shoes 2 so that they fit snugly against the corners of the package. Each lower corner of the packet based on the horizontal bounding wall 3 of each of the lower Shoe 2, which is adjacent to it from the bottom (Fig, 13), and each horizontal contraction is sustained fashion wall 3 of the upper Shoe 2 is based on each top corner of the package, adhering to it from the top (Fig, 13). In each external end-to-end box 9, respectively, the horizontal and vertical walls 3 of each of the two upper adjacent opposite Shoe length and width of the package (Fig, 12) similarly slid horizontally mounting tape 4, and then each of the fixing tape 4 fit wtogua and fasten the clamp 10 spectrasystem (not shown), such as pneumomassage. Then is slid vertically mounting the tape 4 at the bottom of the window 6 of the upper Shoe 2 and in the upper window 7 vertical walls 3 adjacent the lower Shoe 2 (Fig, 13). Each is formed by the package being loaded on the vehicle and initiate the formation of the next package on the floor. From pre-formed in this way individual packages form a stack, for example, on hatch covers ship.

Before loading packages 1 on the vessel (not shown) specifically on Lugovoy the cover 11 of the vessel (figure 1) stack wooden strip (not shown). Formed numerous packages with a crane (not shown) to finalize on a platform set on the strip close to each other (figure 5) along the axis of the vessel over the entire area Lugovoi cover. After they are installed horizontally slid the fixing tape 4 in the inner box 8 vertical walls 3, and also between the upper and Windows 7 vertical V. the NOC of the top row all next adjacent Shoe 2 all related closely adjacent to each other packages, fasten these relatively short, the tape fasteners 10 wtogua spectrasystem (not shown), such as pneumomassage. So fix between all the packages, forming in this way cargo consolidation unit - the first tier. Next make the fastening of the first tier in the usual way nitevibe 12 to the deck 13 of the vessel with both external ends (figure 3). At this first stage of the formation and mounting of the pile on Lugovoi cover finish and begin the second.

Similarly formed and attached to each other at the first tier Lugovoi lid packets of the second and subsequent layers of the stack, performing the second stage, using longitudinal, transverse or longitudinal-transversal method of stacking packages in tiers. The last tier of packages are placed along the axis of the vessel that reduces the overturning moment of the cargo during motion. In the form of a fully-formed stack of covenants rectangular shape on Lugovoi the lid of the vessel, for example, consisting of four layers (figure 1). At this second stage of the formation of the pile finish. Further, in this second step, the stack is fixed to the deck 13 of the vessel, for this fit him for the lumber cross nitevibe 12 (6) using lanyards 14.

During the formation of the caravan deck cargo of timber from such packages across the entire width of the vessel (figure 2) before preparing the coy packages 1 on the vessel (not shown), specifically on deck 13 and Lugovoy the cover 11 of the vessel is placed a wooden strip (not shown). Formed numerous packages with a crane (not shown) to finalize on a platform mounted on pads on the deck bulwark between 15 and coaming holds 17 tightly to each other to the level of Lugovoi cover, thereby leveling the surface of the pile (figure 4). Further the formation and mounting of the pile is similar to the formation and mounting of the pile on the hatch covers.

Such variant is possible also to use the method, when the layers of the stack - integrated cargo units - form of aggregated packets (block packets)that are formed from separate packages (Fig). Laying and fixing of such stacks are produced similarly, but first create a package consisting of two (Fig, 16) or four separate packages (Fig). The formation of the unit package is as follows.

Two or four separate package is also installed on the separating material. Perform an operation alternately forming block packets on a separate platform (Fig) through both clamping Shoe 2, and dual locking Shoe 18 and the fixing tape 4. This dual metal locking Shoe 18, as a necessary element of the clamping Shoe is Rahmanova type of this second variant, used in the form (figure 10, 11) such a composite area, which is formed of two mirror conjugate to each other by a vertical wall 19, which is restrictive, such three-walled parts 2. This restrictive vertical wall 19 of their mates made a solid and smooth over the entire surface and on the inner surface of each of the other two pairs of bounding walls 3, which are located in pairs in a common plane, can be in the convenience made rectangular flange 5, is made with a gap in the Central part, and opposite each of this divide each rectangular flange 5 each this bounding wall 3 has through the window, respectively, the bottom 6, top 7, 9 external and 8 internal, under the straps 4, oriented along its edges and spaced from it at least 10 mm For this operation alternately forming each unit package initially two separate package installed on the separating material (not shown) close to each other (figure 10, 15, 16). Hand fit two packets is fixed at the bottom with both internal corners dual locking pads 18 so that the interior angles of the packages closely fits their walls 19 and 3. Then outside on the lower outer corners of both packages are installed locking shoes 2 so that they are the same tightly to the corners of the package. Then in each external end-to-end mounting box 9 vertical walls 3 each of two opposite each other adjacent the bottom of the footing, respectively, 2, 18 and 2 is slid horizontally mounting the tape 4 to the width of the package (Fig), and also in the external box 9 vertical wall 3 opposite to each other of the lower Shoe 2 is slid horizontally mounting the tape 4 and the length of the package (not shown). Then each of the fixing tape 4 fasten the clamp 10 wtogua, spectrasystem (not shown), such as pneumomassage. Next, on the upper corners of these packages is similar to installing the locking shoes 2 and dual locking shoes 18 so that the shoes 2 and wall 3 and 19 of the Shoe 18 is pushed to the corners of the package. Then in each external end-to-end window 9 vertical walls 3 of each of the two upper opposite each other adjacent the footing 2, 18 and 2 is slid horizontally mounting the tape 4 to the width of the package, and each of the fixing tape 4 fit wtogua and fasten the clamp 10 spectrasystem (not shown), such as pneumomassage. Then (Fig) is slid vertically mounting the tape 4 at the bottom of the window 6 of each of the upper Shoe 2 and 18 and in the upper window 7 each adjacent the bottom of the Shoe 2 and 18, respectively. Then each of the fixing tape 4 fit wtogua and fasten the clamp 10 spectrolite the (not shown), for example, pneumomassage. At this point the formation of a multi-package of two separate packages finish. Upon completion of the formation of any given block of the package being loaded on the vehicle and initiate the formation at the site of the next.

When forming the multi-package of four separate packages (Fig), pre-to similarly perform the operation of forming the block packets from two separate packages. Then these two formed a separate block-packages install on each other, similarly to the lead fixing tape 4 (relatively short), connecting opposite the top 7 and the bottom 6 of the box adjacent pairs of shoes respectively 2 and 18 of the upper and lower row, and then each of the fixing tape 4 fit wtogua and fasten the clamp 10 spectrasystem (not shown), such as pneumomassage. At this point the formation of a multi-package of four separate packages finish. From pre-formed in this way block packets form a stack, for example, on hatch covers ship.

Before loading unit package 1 on a vessel (not shown), specifically on Lugovoy the cover 11 of the vessel (Fig) stack wooden strip (not shown). Formation of numerous block packets with a crane (not shown) to finalize set on the strip against the other the other along the axis of the vessel over the entire area Lugovoi cover. After they are installed similarly slid horizontally mounting the tape 4 in the inner box 8 vertical walls 3, and also between the upper and Windows 7 vertical walls 3 of the top row all opposite adjacent adjacent shoes respectively 2 and 18 all related closely adjacent to each other block of packets, fasten these relatively short, the tape fasteners 10 (Fig not shown) wtogua spectrasystem (not shown), such as pneumomassage, and thus fix between all unit packets, forming in this way cargo consolidation unit - the first tier. Next make the fastening of the first tier nitevibe 12 to the deck 13 of the vessel with both outer ends. At this first stage of the formation and mounting of the stack of unit packages on Lugovoi the lid closing.

Similarly, form, and attach Lugovoi cover unit packets of the second and subsequent layers of the stack, performing the second stage, using longitudinal, transverse or longitudinal-transversal method of laying block packets in tiers. The last tier of the multi-package stack along the axis of the vessel that reduces the overturning moment of the cargo during motion. In the form of a fully-formed stack of covenants rectangular shape on Lugovoi the lid of the vessel, for example, consisting of four tiers (not shown). This W is the second stage of formation of the stack of multi-packages finished. Further, in this second step, the stack is fixed to the deck of a ship, for that covered his cross nitevibe 12 (not shown) by means of turnbuckles 14.

During the formation of the caravan deck cargo of such block of packets over the entire width of the vessel (Fig) before loading packages 1 on the vessel, specifically on deck 13 and Lugovoy the cover 11 of the vessel is placed a wooden strip (not shown). The formed block packets with a crane to complete the formation of each set of pads on the deck bulwark between 15 and coaming holds 17 tightly to each other to the level of Lugovoi cover, thereby leveling the surface of the pile (not shown). After installation the further development and fixing of the pile is similar to the formation and mounting of the pile on the hatch covers.

When shipping packages monitor the status nicovich. The number of tiers of packages in the stack depends on the strength of deck structures, their sizes and operating conditions of the vessel in a particular area of the World ocean.

1. Method of forming and mounting pile of stacked materials with a rectangular base on the vehicle, including packaging materials and loading them into the vehicle using for fixing the formed stacks on transport environments is TBE tight material in the form of mounting tape and rope naytowhow, moreover, when stacked packages are installed on the vehicle each tier of packages installed in series with the alternating transverse or longitudinal method, characterized in that the formation and mounting of the stack of packages produced in two stages, each of which performs the formation and fixation of packages using mounting tape and fixing the three-dimensional type of shoes in the form of a three-walled corner, each of the bounding walls which are fastened edges of their adjacent sides at right angles with two related walls, and each of the bounding wall near each of its edges in the Central part there is a pass-through window, respectively lower, upper, outer and internal under straps, oriented along its edges, and separated from it by a distance of not less than 10 mm, while the formation of packets at the first stage mounted on a separate platform generated packets, set during the formation of close outside the upper and lower corners of the established packet data retaining shoes, slid the straps in the box the bounding walls of the locking shoes and fit them wtogua in such a way that each of them having horizontally, connect the external window vertical walls of each two adjacent opposite, respectively, h is life and top fixing Shoe as length, and width of the package and having vertically connect the lower window of the vertical wall of the clamping Shoe each top corner of the package with the upper vertical wall opposite him Shoe each bottom corner of this package, and for the first and subsequent stages in the formation of packages on this separate ground alternately set and form each package, and then each generated package installed on the vehicle and close to it establish further formed in the same way, the package forming on the vehicle, the first tier of packages and shaping the way the consolidation of the cargo unit, using similarly for fastening it between a package installed on their corners opposite data locking shoes at the place in their window mounting tape and wrapping them wtogua, then fix and secure the tier naytove to the vehicle body, ending on the first stage and before the second; the second phase is formed and mounted on the first tier of the vehicle alternately similarly each package and form the second and subsequent tiers of the stack of packages, locking it this way packets between themselves, using the installed fixing shoes and straps, then stack all packets ver the it layer, orienting the axis of the vehicle, and also capture packets between themselves by means of their locking Shoe and mounting tape, and tight end formed by a stack of naytove.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the formation and attachment of a pile of stacked materials with a rectangular base use such fixing of three-dimensional type shoes in the form of a three-walled corners on the inner surface of each of the bounding wall of each of which are near each edge has a rectangular flange located around the perimeter of this wall and is made with a gap in its Central part in front of each window.

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the packaged materials are used in the form of lumber.

4. Method of forming and mounting pile of stacked materials with a rectangular base on the vehicle, including packaging materials and loading them into the vehicle using for fixing the formed pile on the vehicle tight material in the form of mounting tape and rope naytowhow, and when stacked packages are installed on the vehicle each tier of packages installed in series with the alternating transverse or longitudinal method, ex is different, however, the formation and mounting of the stack of packages produced in two stages, each of which performs the formation and fixation of packages using mounting tape and fixing the three-dimensional type of boots as three-walled parts, the first stage is formed on a separate platform from the individual packages integrated packages that form during installation on the vehicle each tier enlarged cargo units, the formation of on-site data aggregated packets use the mounting tape, fixing the three-dimensional type shoes in the form of a three-walled parts, each of the bounding walls which are fastened edges of their adjacent sides at right angles with two related walls, and in each of the bounding wall near each of its edges in the Central part there is a pass-through window, respectively lower, upper, internal and external under the straps, oriented along its edges, and separated from it by a distance of not less than 10 mm, as well as use and fixing of three-dimensional type shoes and as a dual three-walled parts made of two mirror paired with each other on a vertical wall, which is restrictive, such three-walled parts, and this restrictive vertical wall of their mates made continuous across the surface is t, and in each of the two bounding vertical and horizontal walls, located in a common plane, near their edges, in the Central part there is a pass-through window, respectively lower, upper, internal and external under the straps, oriented along its edges, and separated from it by a distance of not less than 10 mm, and the formation in the first stage on a separate platform integrated packages perform in this order, which are installed on a separate platform two separate patches close to each other, side of the junction of the two separate packages fix alternately top and bottom on both their inner corners of the data dual type locking shoes so that their angles are closely adjoined to the bounding walls of the dual type clamping Shoe, and the lower and upper outer corners of such consolidation package in turn set against the aforementioned fixing shoes in the form of a three-walled parts, are connected with horizontal straps and fit them wtogua width of the consolidation package exterior window vertical walls of all lower and upper opposite each other secures the shoes of both species in this rough-cut package, and an external window vertical walls opposite to each other the outer bottom fixing shoes and on the ine at the bottom of the consolidation package, with wrapping and these tapes wtogua connect with each other vertically mounting tape and covered them wtogua the bottom of the window vertical walls of the outer upper fixing shoes rough-cut package to-ceiling Windows, vertical walls opposite them outside of the lower clamping shoes of this consolidated package; batching the mounting tape is slid in such a way that each of them having horizontally, connect the external window vertical walls of each two adjacent opposite bottom shoes as the length and width of the package, and accordingly the upper width of the package having vertically connect the lower window of the vertical wall of the locking Shoe of each upper corner of the package with the upper window vertical walls opposite each Shoe bottom corner of this package, and for the first and subsequent stages in the formation of aggregated data packets on this separate ground alternately set and each form a master batch, and then each formed outline package installed on the vehicle and close to it establish further formed in the same way a master package, forming on the vehicle the first tier of aggregated packets and forming in this way consolidation of cargo units is, at the same time when forming the enlarged cargo units of each tier is slid horizontally mounting tape between the inner Windows of vertical walls, and also between the upper Windows of the vertical walls of the upper row of all adjacent locking shoes installed close to each other aggregated packets, then fix and secure the tier naytove to the vehicle body, ending on the first stage and before the second; the second stage is formed similar to and mounted on the first tier of the vehicle alternately similarly each consolidated package and form the second and subsequent tiers of the stack of the integrated packages, locking it this way enlarged packages using the installed fixing shoes and straps; then stack all integrated packages of the upper tier, orienting the axis of the vehicle, and also fix enlarged packages among themselves by means of their locking Shoe and mounting tape, and tight end formed by a stack of naytove.

5. The method according to claim 4, characterized in that the formation and attachment of a pile of stacked materials with rectangular base forming the integrated packages produced using the fixing of three-dimensional type of shoes such as Tr is stennie corners, on the inner surface of each of the bounding wall of each of which are near each edge has a rectangular flange located around the perimeter of this wall and is made with a gap in its Central part opposite to each window, and also in the form of such locking dual three-walled parts made of two mirror paired with each other on a vertical wall, which is restrictive, such three-walled parts, this restrictive vertical wall of their mates made continuous over the entire surface and on the inner surface of each of the other vertical and horizontal bounding walls near each of its edges has a rectangular flange located around the perimeter of these walls and is made with a gap in its Central part in front of each window.

6. The method according to claim 4, characterized in that the packaged materials are used in the form of lumber.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: this invention relates to reloading method intended for transferring and loading on transport ship the materials such as ground or coal stored in open storage area on offshore wharf using transhipment barge and dedicated transhipment system. According to the method, transhipment barge moors at bridge part which is made with possibility to move in vertical direction in accordance with change of sea water depth. Transhipment barge is intended for storing and transferring materials in open sea where it moors at loading barge. Loading barge is intended for reloading materials from transhipment barge to transport ship which serves for cargo delivery to destination.

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7 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: transport.

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5 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

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5 dwg

FIELD: transport.

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3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

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FIELD: transport.

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7 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: transport.

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EFFECT: higher efficiency with no increase in process area.

2 cl, 28 dwg

FIELD: transport.

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13 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: transport.

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1 dwg

FIELD: ship building.

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16 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

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4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: transport, package.

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26 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; materials handling and carrying devices.

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2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; loading facilities.

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FIELD: transport.

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EFFECT: accelerated handling of cargoes.

7 cl, 7 dwg

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