SUBSTANCE: in a bay formed by two parallel dams there are two stands 2, 4 installed. A base 6 of stands 2, 4 is rigidly connected to the bottom 7 and to the stands 2, 4. Stands 2, 4 are rigidly connected to a rod 5 placed inside the bushing 3. The bushing 3 is rigidly connected to a unit from two blades 1 arranged on a single plane.
EFFECT: efficient protection against impact of waves under storm conditions.
The invention relates to the field of coastal structures and can be used for protection from exposure to waves in storm conditions.
Known damper waves presented in the book "Odessa" P. Blaziken, LLC Ed. "Eksmo", 2011, p.91. It may consist of two parallel dikes placed, for example, perpendicular to the shoreline. In this regard, waves, penetrating formed between these dams Bay, fade. However, the attenuation of the waves is not always sufficient.
Known damper waves presented in the book of Joel levy "Atlantis and other lost civilizations". Ed. Niola Press, p.56, 57. It also uses two parallel levees. But the magnitude of the decrease unrest in the Gulf is not always sufficient. Using the proposed device decreases the excitement between the dams. This is achieved by the introduction of two racks base rack, rod, sleeve, site, two are located on the same plane of the blades are rigidly connected with the sleeve having inside the rod, rigidly associated with the two racks having rigid connection with the base of the uprights rigidly connected with the bottom.
Figure 1 and in the text the following notation:
1 - the site of two located on the same plane blades,
2 - hour,
3 - Bush,
4 - hour,
5 - pin,
6 - base stands,
7 is a bottom p and the base of the uprights 6 between the dams is rigidly connected with a bottom 7 and a counter 2, 4, rigidly connected with the rod 5, the inside of the sleeve 3, having a rigid connection with the node of the two located on the same plane blades 1.
The operation of the device is as follows. Using two parallel dikes perpendicular to the shore, formed Bay. In this regard waves that penetrate the waters of the Gulf of fade. The greatest attenuation is observed in the depth of the Bay. The longer the dams and less distance between them, the greater the attenuation of the waves, and at the entrance to the Bay there is the least attenuation of the waves. To reduce unrest in the Gulf, the storm in the proposed device introduces additional nodes, providing attenuation of the waves. Figure 1 shows the interaction of the nodes. At this site two located on the same plane of the blades 1 is able to rotate under the action of waves around the rod 5. In addition, the rod is placed inside the sleeve 3, is rigidly connected with the above node 1. The rod 5 is also rigidly connected with the uprights 2 and 4, having rigid connection with the base of the uprights 6, rigidly connected with the bottom 7. When exposed to waves of sufficient force on the upper shoulder of the node 1, the lower blade will turn around and throw some water in the area located between two consecutive wave crests, forming a reverse wave, following towards the direct wave. This is due t the m during rotation of the blades above the plot will also be shifted by some distance. The value of the backward wave depends on the magnitude of the direct wave. In this regard, at some distance from the Gulf will be observed wave damping. The horizontal size of the blades may be, for example, 10 meters, and the width of the backward wave as the distance will increase. Also increases the attenuation of the waves in the Bay area. To illustrate let's use figure 2, where the following notation:
8 - top shoulder,
9 - wave,
10 is a bottom blade,
11 - the land between the waves,
12 hours basis.
Originally under the action of the lower part of the front of the wave front 9 blade 10 rotates clockwise and will occupy the original position before the impact on the shoulder 8 of the upper part of the front of the wave front 9, then node 1 will be rotated counterclockwise and discard wave 9 in the area between waves 11. A possible embodiment, when the node 1 is rotated with a drive rigidly connected to the sleeve 3. It is also possible embodiment, when the blades of the node 1 does not rotate, but is pre-installed in a fixed inclined position. However at higher wave is set smaller slope which drains wave in the area between waves 11. Set the tilt of the blades may be carried out using the drive. To provide more complete attenuation of waves can be used several devices located at a certain distance from each other, as well as in estuaries and near shore. This device must be equipped with signaling devices for preventing collisions with them. The use of the device increases the safety of navigation and mooring during storm conditions. This provides fishing on fishing vessels. It also creates the possibility of bathing on the beaches. Decreases the impact of waves on dams and their destruction. The device can also be used to generate electricity. With the rotating sleeve may be rigidly connected to the shaft of the generator, forming a DC or AC voltage.
Thus, the use of the proposed device will provide economic effect.
The idler waves, consisting of two parallel dikes, characterized in that between the dams injected two hours, the base racks, rod, sleeve and the node of the two located on the same plane of the blades are rigidly connected with the sleeve having inside the rod, rigidly associated with the two racks having rigid connection with the base of the uprights rigidly connected with the bottom.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydraulic engineering and is designed to protect coastal line, as well as objects of port and transport infrastructure from damage. The damper of sea waves comprises a receiving plate 1, a protective grid 2, a hopper 3, a pipeline 4, a nozzle 5 and a guiding plate 6. The receiving plate 1 is made as capable of lifting wind waves up. The wind wave rolls into the receiving plate 1, rises up and having lost its speed, via the grid 2 arrives to the hopper 3. Along the pipeline 4 via the nozzle 5 under pressure the water moves towards a new wave weakening its energy. The plate 6 serves to direct return water from the plate 1 at the required angle to a new rolling-in wave and protects the base of the device from erosion.
EFFECT: increased reliability of device operation under conditions of impact of wind waves.
SUBSTANCE: method for protection against wave action of a single hydraulic structure consists in the fact that arriving waves of the hydraulic structure are separated on both sides around the structure by creating horizontal near-surface streams diverging to both sides across the direction of waves, which are formed by a flat symmetrical floating-up gas-liquid flow that is created in water environment under arriving waves. Symmetry plane is located in a diametrical plane of the structure and perpendicular to wave movement. Flow rate of gas, mainly air is chosen so that horizontal velocity of near-surface streams of a gas-liquid flow is at least 0.2 of velocity of arriving waves. A zone where a gas-liquid flow is formed is located in the above symmetry plane at the distance before the hydraulic structure of not closer than (0.3-0.5) of the width and not farther than (1.5-2.0) of the length of the hydraulic structure. Length means the structure size along diametrical plane in the wave direction, and width means the size along the wave front. Gas-liquid flow is created at the depth of not less than 0.6 of amplitude of an arriving wave by supplying the air under pressure to water environment so that bubbles are formed. A device for the method's implementation includes a discharge device on both sides around the hydraulic structure of arriving waves based on the use of a gaseous substance, mainly air. The above device is made in the form of a deaerator of water environment with bubble air inclusions, which consists of perforated tube 1 located along the diametrical plane of the structure along the movement direction of arriving waves and increased air pressure source 3 connected to it via main line 2. Length of tube 1 is (1-1.5) of length of the hydraulic structure, and location of the tube end that is the closest to the above structure is (0.3-0.5) of width of the structure. The tube is located so that it is submerged under water to the depth equal to at least 0.6 of an amplitude of an arriving wave starting from still water surface.
EFFECT: providing effective protection of a single hydraulic structure against power action of waves arriving at it.
6 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: gabion retaining wall includes stones, arranged in a grid frame with hexagonal cells. The stones, filling the space of the grid frame, are artificial and previously made of concrete. A glass-cloth with lining along the perimeter is stacked between the layers of stones inside the gabion in a horizontal plane over the entire height. The artificial stones have preferably cubic or prismatic shape and may be packed in columns or with displacement in layers. Such technical solution will prevent the thrust of the gabion retaining wall and will significantly increase the height. Large effect will be achieved if the glass-cloth will be glued to the contacted layers of stones.
EFFECT: increase of the bearing capacity and efficiency.
6 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device includes an anchored floating base with suspended equipment installed on it, and a forming-towing vessel with a handler. The floating base comprises two corridors - an accumulating one and a rafting-forming one. Guide bridges are fixed to the floating base near the accumulating corridor.
EFFECT: possibility to manufacture bundles of breakwaters suitable for towing and operation from floating wood in areas of water storages with simultaneous cleaning of water reservoirs from floating wood.
SUBSTANCE: retaining wall according to the first version is made of tubular sheet piles. At least some piles are equipped with a seasonal cooling device of any available type. Cooling devices are so arranged in the sheet pile to provide for contact of their upper part with atmospheric air. The retaining wall according to the second version comprises seasonal cooling devices made in the form of an air circulation pipe. The cooling devices are placed inside the inner cavity of tubular sheet piles and are installed coaxially or with displacement relative to the axis of the tubular sheet pile. The air circulation pipe is connected in the upper part to atmosphere with the help of a covered hole. The lower part of the pipe is brought near the permafrost soil of the base.
EFFECT: environmental safety, reduced costs, increased reliability of design and lower labour intensiveness of construction.
10 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: tongue and groove joint comprises a tongue and groove ledge with a comb and a tongue and groove grip with a race and a mouth made of rolled sections. The mouth of the tongue and groove grip follows the shape of the comb of the tongue and groove ledge and covers it with the possibility of partial rotation. The tongue and groove grip is made as welded from two rolled sections. Each grip section has a cross section in the form of a hook and comprises a C-shaped section and a rectilinear section coupled with its one edge. At the same time grip sections are facing each other with concave sides of C-shaped areas to form a race for a comb of the tongue and groove ledge. The grip profiles are welded to each other by rectilinear sections or via an intermediate connection element to form a gap between free edges of the C-shaped areas.
EFFECT: simplified technology of grip manufacturing with provision of high strength of a proposed tongue and groove joint.
5 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: hydraulic engineering boom comprises vertical supports fixed in the bottom soil and made of pipes of larger diameter, and a horizontal wave-breaking element connected to them. Vertical supports are arranged at two sides of the horizontal wave-breaking element and are connected to each other. Inner cavities of the vertical supports are filled with lean concrete. The horizontal wave-breaking element is made of a reinforced concrete pipe of larger diameter, ends of which have concrete plugs with a fastening steel bracket. Vertical supports are connected with the horizontal wave-breaking element by steel chains.
EFFECT: increased extent of wave breaking and extended service life of a structure.
SUBSTANCE: retaining wall comprises front piles, anchor piles, at least one anchor bar and units of fixation of anchor bar ends accordingly to front and anchor piles. Each unit of anchor bar fixation to appropriate front or anchor pile is made in the form of a tongue and groove joint made of two locking elements. One of the specified locking elements is fixed on the pile so that its upper end is arranged above the water level in the water area. The second locking element is connected with the help of a hinged joint with one of ends of the anchor bar and is installed as capable of vertical reciprocal motion relative to the tongue and groove locking element, fixed on the pile. Lengths of the specified locking elements of the unit of fixation of at least one end of the anchor bar are arranged such that possibility is provided for a mobile locking element to move together with the joined end of the anchor bar below the water level in the water area for the specified depth and its fixation in the point located above the water level in the water area.
EFFECT: possibility to install and fix anchor bars of a retaining wall from a floating facility with elimination of underwater technical works.
5 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wall comprises a face wall, elements of which are partially submerged into a base soil, and anchor traction rods arranged in a soil fill, every of which is arranged in the form of a flexible tape. Each flexible tape is made of a polymer material and comprises steel wires pulled along the flexible tape from its one end to the other, and the surface of the flexible tape at its both sides is structured with transverse ribs made of polymer, which increase intensity of soil and flexible tape interaction. Each flexible tape is connected to the face wall at its rear side by means of coverage of a cylindrical element on the face wall to form one or two free ends of the flexible tape, every of which with selected weakness is jammed in the stable part of the soil fill. The surface of the steel wire may be structured by irregularities.
EFFECT: reduced volumes of works in manufacturing of anchor traction rods, increased reinforcing effect at soil, which reduces pressure of soil fill at a face wall.
8 cl, 9 dwg, 2 ex
FIELD: instrument making.
SUBSTANCE: device is installed on a discharge slope 5 of a sand beach perpendicularly to an arriving wave. The device comprises a cylindrical shell 1 and paired retaining walls. The cylindrical shell 1 is arranged from a fabric material and is filled with water 6. Closed strips 2 of fabric material are put onto the cylindrical shell 1 with the interval along its length. The diametre of the closed strip 2 is selected with account of the possibility to form two retaining walls of the specified height. Paired retaining walls are arranged at the opposite sides of the cylindrical shell 1 on the inner surface of closed strips 2. Retaining walls are made of bags 9 filled with beach soil. Sides of closed strip 2 parts are made with aprons 3. Retaining walls are pressed at sides with the help of aprons 3 and ties 4.
EFFECT: higher reliability of device fixation on a discharge slope of a beach.
FIELD: hydraulic structures, particularly for river or channel banks and slopes consolidation.
SUBSTANCE: wall includes gabions formed of net and stones and laid in rows. Gabions are made as parabolic cylinders oriented transversely or along flow direction and connected one to another so that gabion ridges of upper layers are offset relative that of lower ones to which they are connected. Parabola in the base of parabolic cylinder is described by the following equation: Y = (4·hg·X2)/Bg , where X and Y are parabola abscissa and ordinate, hg and Bg are correspondingly gabion width and height, here Bg = (2 - 4) hg. In particular cases net may have different shapes of its cross-section, namely trapezoidal with expanded base, stepped with decreasing steps width in upward direction, T-shaped with shoulder oriented downwards and forming foundation or L-shaped.
EFFECT: increased load bearing capacity, reduced cost for foundation building.
5 cl, 10 dwg
FIELD: hydraulic structures, particularly for river or channel banks and slopes consolidation.
SUBSTANCE: wall includes gabions formed of net and stones and laid in layers. Gabions are made as parabolic cylinders oriented transversely or along flow direction and connected one to another so that gabion ridges of upper layers are offset relative that of lower ones to which they are connected. Wall is covered with concrete from one side. Parabola in the base of parabolic cylinder is described by the following equation: Y = (4·hg·X2)/Bg , where X and Y are parabola abscissa and ordinate, hg and Bg are correspondingly gabion width and height, here Bg = (2 - 4) hg. Wall may be reinforced with reinforcing cage from another side. In particular cases net may have cross-section of stepped shape with decreasing steps width in upward direction or L-shaped cross-section.
EFFECT: increased reliability, reduced cost for foundation building, increased service life.
5 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: hydraulic building, particularly river and sea structures adapted for artificial change of river flow and to protect river bank against erosion.
SUBSTANCE: device is formed as retaining wall consisting of vertical vessels and filled with ground filling. Wall is formed of vertical reinforced concrete tetrahedral pipes serially arranged in overlapped manner. Pipe diagonal lines are at an angle to flow direction so that broken contour is created in plane. The broken contour restricts river-bed downstream thereof. Lower pipe ends are embedded in ground past the depth of river bottom erosion area.
EFFECT: increased reliability, reduced material consumption and labor inputs for device building and operation.
FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to erect retaining and wharfage walls in ground.
SUBSTANCE: sheet piling comprises pile row driven in ground and connected one to another by locks, as well as land ties, metal distribution belt to connect land ties to wall and anchor ground protective panel. Distribution belt is composite and comprises anchor fastening units for land ties fastening located in the piles. Anchor unit is formed in each pile and made as tubular metal frame fixedly secured to each pile and as composite embedded support secured to frame and pile. Embedded support may be installed in front pile part (from water area side) or in rear pile part (from shore side). When embedded support is arranged in front pile part the embedded support is made as traverse and two guiding metal beams forming T-shaped figure in plane. When embedded support is arranged in rear pile part the embedded support is made as figured T-shaped box-like holder. Pile with anchor unit arranged inside the pile is at least partly concreted.
EFFECT: increased strength and stability of sheet piling, increased protection against corrosion and mechanical damage.
7 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: hydraulic and reclamation construction, particularly bank consolidation structures to protect river banks, dam slopes and other structures.
SUBSTANCE: flexible retaining wall has prismatic structure and includes stone, net and trusses of stable triangular shape. Flexible retaining wall cross-section defines triangular trusses composed of spacing members. Each spacing member is formed of protective concrete in which wire is embedded. The spacing members are united in triangle assemblies by twisting spacing member wire ends around transversal reinforcement bars so that triangular prism nodes are created. Triangular prism is provided with one reinforced concrete face formed of net and concrete and located from upstream prism side. Triangular prism interior is filled with stone. The triangular prism is laid in longitudinal river direction and abut river bottom by one face thereof. Upper wall slope may be vertical or extend at an angle to horizon line. Flexible apron is pivotally connected to the wall in upper pool.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and reliability of river bank protection against erosion and extended service life of the structure.
4 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: hydraulic engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention can be used to protect sand beaches from washing away by surf. Method to prevent washing away of sand beaches includes placing of obstacles in form of closed cylinder in zone of action of incoming wave which reciprocates by rolling in zone of action of wave, thus compacting the soil. Energy of wave is used for this purpose at uprush and gravity force of obstacle at backrush. Length of closed cylinder corresponds to length of protected section of beach. Method is implanted using device consisting of shell made of cloth in form of cylinder and filled with liquid and air. Shell is made for rolling and is installed in zone of action of incoming wave.
EFFECT: protection of sand beach from washing away using energy of surf.
3 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: hydraulic building, particularly to erect embankments, piers, retaining walls and similar structures, preferably in distant northern territories.
SUBSTANCE: hydraulic structure comprises blocks mounted on previously prepared base. The blocks are grouped in row and placed one upon another to form face wall composed of several block layers. Each block comprises face wall member and anchoring unloading device connected with each other. The anchoring unloading device reinforces backfill ground and is made of container previously used for shipping purposes. The container comprises box-like metal case with framed bottom, two side walls, end wall closing the first container end and door connected to the second container end. Face wall member is fastened to one container end. The container is filled with backfill ground. Face wall member has height equal to that of container and width equal to that of container or exceeding container width so that side cantilever parts projecting out of container end are created. In the case of erection of pier structure including two face walls one container end is fastened to one face wall member and another container end is connected to another face wall member.
EFFECT: reduced material consumption, labor inputs and simplified hydraulic structure erection, as well as decreased hydraulic structure influence on water pool ecology during structure usage.
6 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: hydraulic engineering, industrial and civil water-resources and land development.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises buried cantilever retaining wall arranged along outer boundary of territory to be protected at design depth below normal water level. Device also has deep-laid gravity drain system located from the side of territory to be protected in parallel to cantilever retaining wall. Retaining wall top is on maximal water level determined with taking into consideration wave height. Gravity drain system comprises deep-laid fissure drainage and vertical drain wells. Each drain well is connected to corresponding well, which diverts drain water. Gravity drain system may be also formed as deep-laid fissure drainage and perforated vertical inverted drain wells.
EFFECT: reduced ground water level and hydrostatic pressure acting to cantilever retaining wall from the side of territory to be protected, provision of drain flow removal, improved ecological conditions and increased seismic stability of shore protection devices.
FIELD: building of constructions in hydraulic engineering, in particular, of dike-type shore-protecting constructions.
SUBSTANCE: dike head block has lower and upper horizontal faces, rear vertical face, front and lateral inclined faces. Stair-type permeable-design wave suppressor is positioned at front face of dike head block, said suppressor being made in the form of flight of stairs with flared cells between stairs. Head block of dike may be also used for going down into water and for climbing of swimmers onto dike at health resorts.
EFFECT: wider operational capabilities and improved wave suppressing properties of dike head block.
FIELD: hydraulic building, particularly to erect berths, wharfs and retaining walls used for shore consolidation.
SUBSTANCE: wall includes wall members of groove-and-tongue type. The wall members are to be connected by means of interlock means. Each interlock means consists of male and female members made of rolled-steel channel profiles. The male and female members are provided with extensions having round cross-sections. Male member flanges face wall member carrying the male member. Female member flanges face from wall member carrying the female member. The extensions are rigidly connected to inner side surfaces of female member flanges and to outer side surfaces of male member flanges. The extensions have cross-sectional diameters equal to 0.6-0.9 of average space between female member flange surface and outer side surface of male member flange opposite thereto in plan view. Summary clear opening defined by male member and extensions formed on outer side surfaces of both flanges thereof is less than distance between inner surfaces of female member flanges in plan view and is greater than minimal distance between confronting outer surfaces of extensions formed on inner female member surfaces.
EFFECT: increased simplicity and reduced costs of wall erection, improved wall reliability due to wall member unification and due to provision of interlock means impermeability to ground.
20 cl, 8 dwg