Displacer

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for usage in food industry, in particular, for separation and clamping of a sleeve-shaped package filled with material being packed. The clip applier is intended for separation and closure of a tubular packaging casing containing a filler material such as sausage mince. The clip applier contains at least one first and at least one second pair (30, 35) of displacing elements positioned axially one after another relative to the package axis (A). Each pair (30, 35) contains an upper and a lower displacing elements (32, 34, 36, 38). Each pair (30, 35) of displacing elements is capable of linear reversive motion within the first and the second planes from the opened position, wherein the displacing elements (32, 34, 36, 38) are maximally distanced from each other, into the second position wherein the displacing elements (32, 34, 36, 38) are at the minimum distance from each other. The first linear guide(40) contains at least one first and at least one second guiding rods (55, 65) for guiding two pairs of displacing elements (30, 35) within the first and the second planes during their linear movement from the opened position into the closed one. The first and the second guiding rods (55, 65) are positioned within a plane that is parallel to the first and the second planes of the first and the second pairs of displacing elements (30, 35).

EFFECT: ensuring reduction of the space occupant, convenient accommodation on auxiliary equipment.

20 cl, 21 dwg

 

The invention relates to a clipping machine for separating and closing the tubular packaging casings containing filling material.

In particular, the invention relates to a clipping machine for separating and closing the tubular packaging casing, enclosing the filling material, in particular sausage meat, with at least first and second pairs of pressure elements. A pair of pressure elements are arranged axially one behind the other relative to the axis of the tubular packaging casing, and each of them contains the upper and lower displacer elements.

Pressure elements can linearly means to move the first and second planes from an open position in which pressure elements are maximally separated from each other in the closed position, in which pressure elements are almost the minimum distance from each other. In addition, it also contains the first linear guide, containing at least first and second guide rods for guiding two pairs of displacer elements in the first and second planes during their reversible linear movement from the open position to the closed. Also has a first drive mechanism for reversing the movement of both pairs of displacer elements from the open state is closed.

In sausage production automatic clipping machines are typically used for filling, for example, the sausage meat through the filling tube, soft packaging material, such as tubular casing, which is closed from the first end closure means, the so-called closing the clamp. After the operation of filling the displacer forms collected in the harness part of the membrane, in which there is no filling material. Then using the closing financial resources collected in the harness portion are two additional clip. The first shorting clip closes the second end is filled with a packing material, and the second shorting clip closes the first end of next sausages. Then collected in harness portion between the two clamps is cut, forming one of the finished sausage product and the packaging material is closed with its first end to fill in to form the next sausage. This method of manufacturing sausages are described, for example, in document EP 1886573.

In the manufacture of sausage products is very important are the design and sizes of clippers. The smaller and more compact clipper, the closer these clippers can be located on the auxiliary equipment, such as sausage cutters or other equipment. Also, the man is more and more compact clipper, the more of clippers can be placed on a separate production area.

Meanwhile, the famous clippers are not as compact and occupy industrial space a lot of space that could be used for other purposes. In addition, such a bulky clippers are very heavy, and therefore difficult to transport or move around the shop.

The invention is directed to solving the above mentioned problems. In particular, the object of the invention is the creation of the clipping machine more compact size, which allows to reduce the space it requires.

This problem is solved in the clipping machine for separating and closing the tubular packaging casing containing a filling material, in particular sausage meat, with at least first and second pairs of pressure elements. A pair of pressure elements are arranged axially one behind the other relative to the axis of the tubular packaging casing, and each of these pairs contains the upper and lower displacer elements. Pressure elements are installed with the possibility of a linear reversible movement in first and second planes from an open position in which they are maximally separated from each other in the closed position, in which they are practically the minimum distance from each other. In addition to the CSO, clipper also includes a first linear guide, containing at least first and second guide rods, two pairs of displacer elements in the first and second planes during their reversible linear movement from the open position to the closed. Also has a first drive mechanism for reversing the movement of both pairs of displacer elements from the open position to the closed.

According to the invention the first and second guide rods are located in a plane parallel to the first and second planes of the pairs of displacer elements. By placing two guide rods in a plane parallel to the first and second planes, the space occupied by the guides, in particular the location of the guide rods can be reduced. Also, filling a tube through which filling material enters the sheath material may be located closer to the clipping machine. Due to the design of the clipping machine according to the invention the filling tube may be located so close to the displacer elements that replacing the shell material on the filling tube can be carried out without draining the clipping from the filling tube. Thus, clipper according to the invention has a monolithic design that does not require the axis of the BP is recorded to guard funds.

It is desirable that the actuator was located essentially between the first and second guide rods, because the location of the drive mechanism in this position allows you to use this space Cliper most effectively, thereby reducing the total space occupied by clipping in General.

In addition, it is preferable that the first and second guide rods linearly directed drive mechanism. Direction or support the guide rods using only one drive mechanism eliminates the use of additional guide means. Due to this reduced the total number of items-clipper, and the space occupied by the clipping becomes the minimum. According to one private embodiments the drive mechanism may include a casing or similar element, which, in particular, performs the function of linear direction or support the guide rods.

In another preferred composition according to the present invention, the first drive mechanism made in the form of a rack and pinion mechanism containing at least one pinion gear and at least one first and at least one second linear toothed rack. The execution of the drive mechanism in the form of a rack and pinion mechanism allows the DM what to do first drive mechanism more compact, as well as to convert rotary motion into linear.

In addition, it is desirable that the leading gear operated drive rod. In this case, the generated linear motion can be used to actuate the first drive mechanism.

According to another preferred variant implementation of the present invention leading gear has at least one of the first and second parts of the coupling, which alternatively can be connected to the drive rod. Due to this, the position of the pinion in the drive mechanism can be modified to use more of its teeth, thereby ensuring safe operation of the clipping machine.

In addition, it is also desirable that the second pair of the displacer elements could linearly means to move between closed and open positions in a third plane perpendicular to the first and second planes, and also to the direction of the second pair of displacer elements in a third plane between closed and open positions had installed a second guide. This allows to form collected in harness part after picking up the shell material displacer elements.

It is also advisable to install a second guide for guiding the second pair of vychislitelnykhsistem in a third plane between closed and open positions.

In another preferred arrangement, each of the pressure elements has a connecting element connecting the displacer elements with the first and second guide rods for transmitting linear motion from the gear racks of the first drive mechanism to the first pair of displacer elements.

In addition, it is also desirable that each connecting element contained at least one holder for holding the second linear guide to transfer linear vertical movement of the connecting elements on the second linear guide.

In addition, the second linear guide may include at least one first and at least one second horizontal guide rods, allowing you to simultaneously submit two pairs of displacer elements in the first and second planes during their reversible linear movement from an open position into a closed and also send the second pair of displacer elements in the third plane from the closed position into the open.

For additional stabilization of the second pair of displacer elements during operation of the clipper installed third guide rod to guide the second pair of displacer elements in the first and second planes during their reversible linear moved the I from the open position to the closed.

Installing at least one first and at least one second connecting element connecting the second pair of displacer elements from the third guide rod, and, respectively, with each of the horizontal guide rods, allows you to combine vertical movement of the second pair of displacer elements with its horizontal movement.

You can also install guide element for guiding the first pair of displacer elements and its stabilization during operation of the clipping machine.

Finally, it is also desirable that the first pair of displacer elements contain a reinforcing member, which essentially has the shape of the upper pressure element so that the reinforcing element can be placed flatwise on top of the upper pressure element for protection and stabilization during use of the clipping machine.

Other advantages, as well as one of the embodiments of the present invention will be described hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings.

The terms "top", "bottom", "left", "right", used to describe this variant of the invention, such a location drawings, which allows you to freely read reference position and the number of figures.

Figure 1 shows a clipper according to the about to the invention, containing the site of the displacer in the open position, and the first and second guides, perspective view;

figure 2 - the same, front view;

figure 3 - the same, rear view;

figure 4 - the same, left side view;

figure 5 - the same, right view;

figure 6 is a top view;

7 - same, ventral view;

on Fig shown clipper according to the invention, containing the site of the displacer in the closed position, and first and second guides, perspective view;

figure 9 is the same, front view;

figure 10 is the same, rear view;

figure 11 is the same, left side view;

on Fig the same, right view;

on Fig the same, top view;

on Fig - same, ventral view;

on Fig shown clipper according to the invention, containing the site of the displacer in the open position, and the first and second guides, perspective view;

on Fig is the same, front view;

on Fig the same, rear view;

on Fig the same, left side view;

on Fig the same, right view;

on Fig the same, top view;

on Fig - same, ventral view.

Consider next clipper is used in the production of sausages. Of course, it can also be used in the production of kolbasiolasj products, non food products, such as sealants or adhesives.

Cliper and, in particular, its node 20 of the displacer, which will be more detail is discussed below, basically, can be in three different positions: in the open position, in the closed position and in the extended position. These three provisions are required in the manufacture kolbasiolasj products for formation collected in the harness portion on a tubular packaging casing, inside of which is a filling material, in particular sausage meat (shell and filling material not shown). Collected in harness part with a horizontal axis And should be virtually no filling material, so that it was possible to install two clamps (not shown). After you install two clamps on collected in the harness portion of the membrane material between the two clamps is cut to separate the finished sausages from the rest of the shell material. Meanwhile, these two production stage - set clamping and cutting of the sheath material, is to be considered here will not be. In the production kolbasiolasj products filling material inside the tubular packaging casing passes through Cliper parallel to the axis And in the direction of R.

1 schematically shows a clipper according to one of preferred embodiments of the invention in the open position. The open position is the first stage of formation collected in the harness part of the tubular wrapping about the shell, during which a tubular packaging casing from inside her filling material is moved in the direction R in the direction of the clipping machine and, in particular, through the displacer 20.

Clipper according to the invention mainly includes a displacer 20, the first guide 40 and the second guide 150.

The displacer 20 includes first and second pairs 30 and 35 displacer elements. Each pair 30, 35 displacer elements consists of the upper pressure element 32, 34 and the lower pressure element 36, 38. The upper and lower displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 are made from flat sheets of metal or other suitable materials. The upper and lower displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 are arranged essentially vertically, i.e. perpendicular to the axis A, so that their flat surfaces are to each other. According to another possible variant execution is also permissible to pressure elements had dvuhlitrovuyu design, so that each pressure element contains at least two sheets or plates placed one on top of another.

Thus, the upper and lower displacer elements 32, 34 of the first pair 30 displacer elements are essentially in a first vertical plane and the upper and lower displacer elements 36, 38 of the second pair 35 displacer elements stored is located essentially in the second vertical plane. The first and second vertical planes are parallel to each other and perpendicular to the axis A.

Displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 may means vertically to move from the open position to the closed. Thus the upper and lower displacer elements 32, 34 of the first pair 30 is moved in the first plane, and the upper and lower displacer elements 36, 38 of the second pair 35 is moved in the second plane.

In the open position, the upper and lower displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 form between them a gap for the passage through it of the tubular packaging casing along the axis And in the direction R. When the displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 are in the open position, shown in figure 1, the upper and lower displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 both pairs 30, 35 are located in the first and second planes, respectively, at the maximum distance from each other.

The upper and lower displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 means is moved to the closed position for picking up a tubular packaging casing between them to form collected in harness parts, in which almost no filling material. In the closed position the upper and lower displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 are at a minimum distance from each other, leaving between them only a small gap in which is collected the traveler in the harness part of the shell. Closed position the upper and lower displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 will be described in more detail below.

Displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 are located relative to each other in the direction R so that the upper pressure element 32 of the first pair 30 displacer elements were in front of the lower pressure element 34 of the first pair 30 displacer elements, and the upper pressure element 42 of the second pair 35 displacer elements were in front of the lower pressure element 44 of the second pair 35 displacer elements.

Also, the upper pressure element 32 of the first pair 30 pressure elements 30 includes a reinforcing member 39 made of essentially flat sheet metal or other suitable material and generally having the shape of a sickle. A reinforcing member 39 mounted essentially parallel to the upper pressure element 32 of the first pair 30 pressure elements 30 and designed to enhance, protect and increase the rigidity of the upper pressure element 32.

The first guide 40 includes a first drive mechanism 50, the first and second guide rods 55 and 65, and first and second connecting elements 80 and 90. In addition, as shown in figures 1 and 4, you can use the third guide rod 75.

The first guide rail 40 in the foundations of the om is used to move the upper and lower displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 of the first and second pairs 30, 35 displacer elements reversal vertically from the open position to the closed.

First, second and third guide rods 55, 65 and 75 is in the form of longitudinal rods of metal or any other suitable material. First, second and third guide rods 55, 65 and 75 are arranged essentially vertically and perpendicular to the axis A. the First and second guide rods 55 and 65 are arranged one behind the other in the direction perpendicular to the axis And in a plane essentially parallel first and second planes displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38. The first and second guide rods 55 and 65 are separated from each other, forming between themselves a space in which is located the drive mechanism 50, which will be discussed in more detail later.

The third guide rod 75 is essentially parallel to the first and second guide rods 55 and 65 for the first guide rod 55 in the direction parallel to the direction R. the Third guide rod 75 is removed from the first and second guide rods 55 and 65, forming with them a space that can accommodate additional elements of the clipping machine or other device, such as a contiguous tools.

The drive mechanism 50 consists of a rack and pinion mechanism 60 gear in the form of a pinion 61 and line subcatchment 64 and 66, perform the function of gear racks. Leading gear 61 has first and second sections 62, 63 mates, it is vertical, and its front flat side is parallel to the first plane of the housing 70 gear. The X-axis of rotation passes through the center 68 of the pinion 61 essentially horizontally and parallel to the axis A.

As shown in figure 2, in the housing 70 gear has a semicircular cutout 71, providing access to the first and second portions 62, 63 of the coupling gear 61. In addition, on each side of the casing 70 has first and second vertical holes 72 and 73. In the first vertical hole 72 is vertically inserted first guide rod 55, and the second hole 73 is vertically inserted the second guide rod 65. Due to this, the first and second guide rods 55 and 56 are aligned or are supported only by housing 70 gear, and therefore, no additional guides or supporting devices is not required. Meanwhile, in accordance with an alternative implementation of the clipping machine according to the invention may exercise direction or support the first and second guide rods 55, 65 are not using the housing 70 gears and, for example, by means of a rack and pinion mechanism 60 or by any other suitable is evil.

The first drive mechanism 50 also includes a drive rod 76 having essentially the shape of the longitudinal arm with first and second ends 77 and 78. The first end 77 of the drive rod 76 is connected to the first section 62 of the mating pinion 61. Alternatively, the first end 77 of the drive rod 76 may be connected with the second section 63 of the coupling pinion 61. The drive rod means 76 drives the pinion gear 61, which can be rotated around the X axis by about 45, thereby the first and second linear toothed strips 64, 66 (Reiki) perform linear movement. As a leading gear 61 is rotated only at a small angle to move the displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 by means of a first guide 40 between the open and closed positions (which will be further addressed below), after some time, for example, after 5 million cycles is the wear of the teeth of pinion 61. When the wear of the teeth of pinion 61 housing 70 gear can be opened to disconnect the drive rod 76 from the pinion 61 and rotating the drive gear 61, install it so that the number of new and Neizvestnyj of teeth engaged with the first and second linear toothed straps 64, 66 (rails). When turning the drive gear 61 in this new position instead of the first is about plot 62 mates used the second section 63 mates to perform the same function.

Each of the first, second and third guide rods 55, 65, 75 has first and second ends 55a, 55b, 65a, 65b, 75a, 75b, and the rods function as an auxiliary guide elements providing linear motion of the displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 both pairs 30, 35 displacer elements.

In this particular embodiment, the clipper according to the invention the first and second guide rods 55 and 65 also function as a linear toothed strips 64, 66, i.e. the function of the gear racks and pinion type mechanism. To perform the specified function on each of the first and second guide rods 55, 65 on the side facing the leading gear 61, has teeth 64A, 66A, interacting with the teeth of the pinion 61 to provide linear movement.

Meanwhile, in accordance with an alternative embodiment of the invention is also permissible to guide rods 55, 65, 77 did not perform a linear function of the timing strip, and was used for more Reiki (linear toothed strap) rack-and-pinion mechanism. Such additional Reiki (linear toothed strips) can be located parallel to the first and second planes displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38.

To connect the first and second pairs 30, 35 displacer elements with the first and second guide rods 55, 65 has first and second connecting elements 80, 90 the first guide 40. Each of the connecting elements 80, 90 has the shape of a plate located vertically, and thus essentially parallel to the planes of the upper and lower displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38. Each of the connecting elements 80, 90 is at the ends of the first and second vertical tubes 82, 84, 92, 94. Also, each of these connecting elements 80, 90 are semicircular cutouts 83, 93, coinciding in form with the upper and lower housing parts 70 gears, respectively.

The first end 55a of the first guide rod 55 and the second end 65b of the second guide rod 65 attached, respectively, to the first tube 82 of the first connecting element 80 and the second tube 94 of the second coupling element 90.

Thus, the second end 55b of the first guide rod 55 and the first end 65a of the second guide rod 65 can slide the second tube 84 of the first connecting element 80 and the first tube 92 of the second coupling element 90, respectively.

As shown in figure 5, each of the connecting elements 80, 90 also includes first and second holders 96 and 98, respectively. Each of the holders 96 and 98 has the form of a horizontal tube.

As shown in figure 1, for guiding and stabilizing the upper and lower displacer elements 32, 34 of the first pair 30 vychislitel the x element has a guide element 110. The guide element 110 essentially has the form of a longitudinal element with longitudinal side walls 112, 114 and the longitudinal groove 115, passing between the longitudinal side walls 112 and 114. The longitudinal side walls 112 and 114 of the guide element 110 are approximately vertically. Longitudinal groove 115 of the guide element 110 is located along the free outer edge 32a, 34a of the upper and lower displacer elements 32, 34 of the first pair 30 displacer elements so that the side walls 116 and 117 of the groove 115 covered the upper and lower displacer elements 32 and 34 of the first pair 30 displacer elements.

The second guide 150 includes first and second horizontal guide rods 152 and 154 located essentially horizontally and parallel to the axis A. Each of the horizontal guide rods 152 and 154 has a shape of a cylindrical shaft with first and second ends 152a, 152b and 154a, 154b. Horizontal guide rods 152, 154 are made of metal or other suitable material. As shown in figure 4 and 19, each of the horizontal guide rods 152, 154 fixedly mounted to their respective first end 152a, 152a in the first and second holders 96, 98 of each of the connecting elements 80, 90.

The first main function of the second guide 150 is the transfer reversing the linear motion when moving the upper and lower displacer elements 32, 34 the first pair 30 displacer elements from the open position to the closed toward the upper and lower displacer elements 36, 38 of the second pair 35 displacer elements. The second main function of the second guide 150 is to provide a reversing movement of the second pair of displacer elements 35 in the open position.

The second guide 150 also includes first and second mating elements 160 and 180, which consist of first and second pairs of sleeves 162, 164, 182, 184. Each sleeve 162, 164, 182, 184 has the shape of a cylindrical tube made of metal or other suitable material. The sleeve 162 still connected to its cylindrical side wall at a 90 angle with the cylindrical side wall of the sleeve 164. In turn, the sleeve 182 still connected its cylindrical side wall at a 90 angle with the cylindrical side wall of the sleeve 184.

Interfacing elements 160, 180 are arranged in such a way that the sleeve 162, 182 were arranged vertically, and therefore, parallel to the guide rods 55, 65, 75. Thus, the second bushing 164, 184 are horizontal and therefore parallel to the axis A.

The first connecting element 160 connects the upper pressure element 36 of the second pair 35 displacer elements from the third guide rod 75. In turn, the second is operahouse element 180 connects the lower pressure element 38 of the second pair 35 displacer elements from the third guide rod 75.

On the one hand, combining elements 160, 180 can slide vertically up and down along the third guide rod 75, as the third guide rod 75 passes through the vertical sleeve 162, 182. On the other hand, combining elements 160, 180 can slide horizontally along the horizontal guide rods 152,154, because each of them passes through the horizontal sleeve 164 and 184, respectively.

Since the horizontal guide rods 152, 154 still connected with the holders 96, 98 of each of the connecting elements 80, 90, vertical linear motion of the connecting elements 80, 90, and the first pair of displacer elements 32, 34 generated by the drive mechanism 50, is passed through the horizontal guide rods 152, 154, and through the connecting elements 160, 180 in the direction of the second pair of displacer elements 35.

For reverse movement of the second pair 35 displacer elements from the closed position to the open position there is a second drive mechanism (not shown). The second drive mechanism may affect third guide rod 75. In one of alternative embodiments of the invention, according to which the third guide rod 75 is not used, the second drive mechanism can affect the first is/or second contact elements 160, 180.

Clipper according to the invention and, in particular, the displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 can means to move from the open position to the closed position by means of a first guide rail 40.

On Fig schematically shows a perspective view of the clipper according to one of preferred embodiments of the invention in the closed position. The closed position is the second stage of formation collected in the harness portion of the tubular packaging casings.

When Cliper and, in particular, the displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 are in the closed position, the displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 are located at almost the minimum distance from each other, and between them there is only a small gap S. as a Consequence, tubular sausage casing (not shown)enclosing the filling material and passing in the direction R through the upper and lower displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 in the open position, going displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 so that almost the entire the filling material was pushed through the gap in both sides of the displacer 20.

To move the displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 from the open position to the closed drive rod 76 is pushed forward in the direction of the first guide 40, thereby turning pinion gear 61 counterclockwise with the plate. As the teeth of the drive gear 61 mesh with the corresponding teeth 64a, 66a of the first and second guide rods 55, 65, performing the function of the linear toothed bars (rails) 64, 66, the rotary motion of the pinion 61 is converted into a linear vertical movement of the guide rods 55, 65. The first guide rod 55 is pushed down, and the second guide rod 65 - up. Since the guide rods 55, 65 are connected with connecting elements 80, 90, each of which, in turn, is connected to the first and second pairs 30, 35 displacer elements, respectively, the upper and lower displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 also popped up, down, and, ultimately, towards each other.

The sequence of operations can also be performed in reverse order. When the drive rod 65 is pulled back along the first guide rail 40, the drive rod 76 rotates the pinion gear 61 in a clockwise direction so that, ultimately, the first guide rod 55 would come up, and the second guide rod 65 would come down. Due to this, the upper and lower displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 also popped respectively, down, up, and, ultimately, in the parties from each other to move the displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 from Zack is itogo position back to the open.

Since the connecting elements 80, 90 are associated with the second pair 35 displacer elements by horizontal guide rods 152, 154, linear motion of the connecting elements 80, 90 is also passed to the second pair 35 displacer elements. When the connecting elements 80, 90 are pushed towards each other by the impact of the drive gear 61 on the guide rod 55, 65, horizontal guide rods 152, 154 also are pushed towards each other, while vertical sleeve 162, 182 slide along the third guide rod 75. Thus, vertical movement of the upper and lower displacer elements 32, 34 of the first pair 30 displacer elements generated by the drive mechanism 50 is transmitted to and synchronizes with the upper and lower displacer elements 34, 36 of the second pair 35 displacer elements.

Clipper according to the invention and, in particular, the second pair 35 displacer elements reversal can be moved from the closed position (discussed above) in the open position by means of the second guide 150.

On Fig schematically shown clipper according to a preferred variant embodiment of the invention in the open position. The open position is the third stage in the formation collected Urgut part of the tubular packaging casings.

After the tubular sausage casing (not shown)enclosing the filling material and passing through the upper and lower displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 during manufacture of sausages, going displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 (closed position), the second pair 35 displacer elements driven by the second drive mechanism (not shown), moves away from the first pair 30 displacer elements along the axis And in the direction R for the formation collected in harness part in which there is almost no filling material. While the second pair 35 displacer elements is brought to the open position, the upper and lower displacer elements 36, 38 remain in the closed position. After the second pair 35 displacer element is in the open position, the upper and lower displacer elements 36, 38 are essentially in the third plane. This third plane runs essentially parallel to the first and second planes formed by the upper and lower displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38 in the open and closed positions.

To move the second pair 35 displacer elements in the open position to the third plane of the second drive mechanism (not shown) acts on the third guide rod 75 to move in the direction R. PQS is LCU third guide rod 75 is interfaced by means of connecting elements 160, 180 with the second pair 35 displacer elements, as discussed above, the upper and lower displacer elements 36, 38 of the second pair 35 displacer elements eventually move in the direction R. the Third guide rod 75 can be moved horizontally along the horizontal guide rods 152, 154, since the horizontal sleeve 164, 168 interfacing elements 160, 180 can slide along the horizontal guide rods 152, 154.

Meanwhile, as noted above, in accordance with an alternative embodiment of the present invention are also possible-clipper according to the invention without the third guide rod 75. In this case, the second drive mechanism (not shown) will impact directly on the first and second mating elements 160, 180 to move the second pair 35 displacer elements in the unlock position.

1. Cliper for separation and closure of the tubular packaging casing, enclosing the filling material, in particular sausage meat containing
at least one first and at least one second pair (30, 35) displacer elements located axially one behind the other relative to the axis (A) of the tubular packaging casings, each of which includes upper and lower displacer elements(32, 34, 36, 38), while each is I the pair (30, 35) displacer elements made with the possibility of linear reversible movement in first and second planes from an open position in which pressure elements (32, 34, 36, 38) are maximally separated from each other in the closed position, in which the displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38) are almost the minimum distance from each other;
the first linear guide (40), containing at least first and second guide rods (55, 65) for the two pairs (30, 35) displacer elements in the first and second planes during their reversible linear movement from an open position into a closed and
the first drive mechanism (50) for reversing the movement of the first and second pairs (30, 35) displacer elements from the open position to the closed,
characterized in that the first and second guide rods (55, 65) are located in a plane parallel to the first and second planes of the first and second pairs of pressure elements (30, 35).

2. Clipper according to claim 1, characterized in that the actuator (50) is located essentially between the first and second guide rods (55, 65).

3. Clipper according to claim 1, characterized in that the first and second guide rods (55, 65) is performed linearly guided by the drive mechanism (50).

4. Clipper according to claim 1, characterized in that the PE the first drive mechanism (50) is made in the form of a rack and pinion mechanism (60), containing at least one pinion gear (61), and at least one first and at least one second linear toothed rack (64, 66).

5. Clipper according to claim 4, characterized in that the leading gear (61) is arranged to actuate by means of a drive rod (76).

6. Clipper according to claim 5, characterized in that the leading gear (61) has at least one of the first and second sections (62, 63) pair, which can be an alternative connected with a drive rod (76).

7. Clipper according to any one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the second pair (35) displacer elements made with the possibility of linear reversible movement between closed and open positions in a third plane perpendicular to the first and second planes.

8. Clipper according to claim 7, characterized in that the direction of the second pair (35) displacer elements in a third plane between closed and open positions installed a second linear guide (150).

9. Clipper according to any one of claims 1 to 6, 8, characterized in that each of the displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38) contains a connecting element connecting the displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38) with the first and second guide rods (55, 65).

10. Clipper according to claim 7, characterized in that each of the displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38) contains connect the positive element, connecting the displacer elements 32, 34, 36, 38) with the first and second guide rods (55, 65).

11. Clipper according to claim 9, characterized in that each of the connecting elements (80, 90) comprises at least one holder (96, 98) to hold the second linear guide (150).

12. Clipper of claim 10, wherein each of the connecting elements (80, 90) comprises at least one holder (96, 98) to hold the second linear guide (150).

13. Clipper according to any one of p, 10-12, characterized in that the second linear guide (150) includes at least first and second horizontal guide rods (152, 154) for simultaneous two pairs (30, 35) displacer elements in the first and second planes during their reversible linear movement from the open position to the closed, and the direction of the second pair (35) displacer elements in a third plane between closed and open positions.

14. Clipper according to claim 9, characterized in that the second linear guide (150) includes at least first and second horizontal guide rods (152, 154) for simultaneous two pairs (30, 35) displacer elements in the first and second planes during their reversible linear movement from the open position to the closed, and for directions : the pair (35) displacer elements in a third plane between closed and open positions.

15. Clipper according to claim 1, characterized in that the direction of the second pair (35) displacer elements in the first and second planes during their reversible linear movement from the open position to the closed position provides the third guide rod (75).

16. Clipper according to item 13, wherein the direction of the second pair (35) displacer elements in the first and second planes during their reversible linear movement from the open position to the closed position provides the third guide rod (75).

17. Clipper according to item 16, characterized in that for coupling the second pair (35) pressure element with a third guide rod (75), as well as each of the respective horizontal guide rods (152, 154) has at least one first and at least one second mating elements (160, 180).

18. Clipper according to claim 1, characterized in that the direction of the first pair (30) of the pressure element has a guide element (110).

19. Clipper according to 17, characterized in that the direction of the first pair (30) of the pressure element has a guide element (110).

20. Clipper according to claim 1, characterized in that the first pair (30) of the displacer elements contains a reinforcing member (39), the shape of which essentially corresponds to the upper pressure cell battery (included) is that (32).



 

Same patents:

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: raised binder is composed by at least two webs and comprises concentric discrete bulged long elements surround by flat surfaces formed in every said web. Said discrete bulged long elements have exposed proximal ends. Note here that said discrete bulged long elements feature thickness smaller than that of flat sections. Proposed method comprises feed of at least two webs between pressure source and forming structure. Said structure comprises multiple discrete forming elements selected from the group including discrete holes, discrete recesses, discrete ledges and combination thereof. Then, pressure is applied from pressure source to webs and forming structure to press tightly said two webs to said discrete forming elements of said forming structure so that raised joint is formed.

EFFECT: efficient adhesion of webs, decreased noise in their detachment.

33 cl, 10 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: packaging industry.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to clipping machine for separating and clamping the bowel-shaped packs filled with the contents, using clips. The machine comprises at least first and second units of the clamping tool, reversibly movable relative to each other for mounting and clamping at least one clip relative to each other between the open and closed positions. The machine additionally comprises at least one piezo-receiver connected to one of units of the clamping tool for measuring the applied clamping force and issue of the measured value, which is in the initial position of the clamping tool under the prestress, which can be adjusted by the fixing device. The operation mode of the machine described above is characterised in that the applied clamping force by clamping the clip by means of at least one piezo-receiver connected to one of units of the clamping tool, performed as it is described above.

EFFECT: group of inventions provides a simplification, as well as the reliability of operation and increase its life-cycle.

21 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: packaging industry.

SUBSTANCE: packaging system comprises a rotating platform with the plurality of clippers circumferentially spaced apart, actuated by compressed air. The platform is made with the ability of releasable, interchangeable mounting of two different sized clippers. Each location of clipping comprises the first and second air supply lines communicated to a source of pressurised air for actuating the respective clippers and made releasably connectable with the corresponding clipper. And at least one of the lines comprises a shutoff valve. The method of packaging the products using the packaging system described above comprises obtaining the user input in the display to select the desired product and/or formulation, electronic determining the operating parameters and longitudinal position of the platform, the automatic movement of the platform to a desired longitudinal position based on the selected product and/or formulation, obtaining the user input for the automatic approach of the drives of the film with the console. The method also comprises electronic monitoring of temperatures in the channel of adhesive flow and adjustment of temperatures of heating zones, the management of the nozzle for the adhesive in conjunction with the channel of its flow for self-cleaning and management of spraying or sprinkling of the lubricant on the chain or sprocket of the platform drive system. In the method also an automatic raising of the upper long edge of the overlapping layers of film by the lifting mechanism is carried out, electronic management of the nozzle for movement and delivery of the adhesive between the layers of the film, electrical connection to the operating system and/or the controller of the system from a remote panel using a computer network, an electronic synchronisation of the system actuators, including synchronisation of the film actuators, extruder and platform, and also the replacement of one or more bobbins with clips on the platform is carried out using a holder for inserting the bobbins detachably retaining the bobbins with clips so that the respective bobbins are in interacting alignment with the corresponding clipper on the platform.

EFFECT: group of inventions provides increased performance when using clippers different in size.

32 cl, 29 dwg

Round-base staple // 2438944

FIELD: transport, package.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to staple for sausage- or sack-like product with coating made up of packing film. Note here that staple (10, 110) has base (16, 116) and two straight tabs (12, 14, 112, 114) adjoining said base in one direction toward base (16, 116) diverging from each other from base (16, 116), tabs central lengthwise axes and base central lengthwise axis (ML) are located in one plane. Note here that said base (16, 116) has rounded circular arc section. Note also that one shaped recess (122) runs along all opposed planes of base (16, 116) and those of both tabs (12, 14, 112, 114). Besides, said staples may be hooked together by connection ledges (18, 20, 118, 120) made on open ends of tabs (12, 14, 112, 114).

EFFECT: ruling out crack formation in staples.

17 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: system (100) consists of clipping device (110) with one first replaceable locking tool (112) travelling for locking clips around sleeve or package cover relative to second locking tool (114) and of clips magazine. First locking tool (112) and the clips magazine have corresponding marks. The clipping device consists of the first sensor instrument for identification of a mark of clips magazine and for transmission of a corresponding information signal of clips, of the second sensor instrument for identification of a mark of the first locking tool and for transmitting a corresponding information signal of the locking tool. The clipping device (110) also has a control unit (145) with a signal input connected to the first and second sensor instruments and to a unit (146) of processing an information signal of clips and an information signal of the locking tool and transmitting a matching signal.

EFFECT: improvement of clipping device, avoiding its fault operation and facilitation of reliable clip locking around packing cover.

55 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention deals with an instrumented unit for clamp installation machine close, in particular - for a machine installing clamps on sausage products which contains at least one first and at least one second instrumental mandrels (22), that are capable of motion in opposed directions and reversive relative each other and accordingly carrying at least one first and at least one second closure tools (24) with the first and the second closure tools (24) are mounted on the first and the second instrumental mandrels (22) so that to enable their replacement with the help of accordingly at least one fixture instrument each. According to the design concept there is a linear guide contour (22b) provided for on at least one of the two instrumental mandrels (22) with an additional linear guide contour (24b) conjugated with it provided for on the closure tool (24).

EFFECT: invention enables simple and quick closure tool replacement.

10 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device for clips promotion consisting of several clips of a line (2) of clips in a clipper, in particular clipper for sausage products manufacturing, with a drive unit (10) and a delivery element (20) which is connected to the drive unit (10) via its drive end (22) and designed so that to enable actuation from the drive unit (10) in such a manner that its promotive end (24) traces out an elliptic trajectory and for stepwise promotion of the line (2) of clips engages in the intermediary space between two clips of the line (2) of clips and promotes its stepwise in the delivery direction (V). The adjustment device (30) has a swivel axis formed by an eccentric journal (36) around which axis the delivery element (20) can rotate and which, when in its "no tool" position enables adjustment in such a manner that at least one of the axes of the elliptic trajectory traced out by the promotive end (24) allows of repositioning.

EFFECT: design simplification, possibility of simple adjustment of delivery length or the clips line delivery progress.

10 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: transport, package.

SUBSTANCE: set of inventions relates to method and device for adjustable clamping of clip. Proposed device 1 comprises two adjustable clips 4, 5 to be fitted between sections 2, 3. Said clips should be arranged on both sides of sleeve end. Both clips incorporate shared guide device for them to be guided perpendicular to lengthwise axis of packing sleeve. To this end, one of said clips is moved by sleeve end and leveled with respect to the other clip.

EFFECT: simplified packing procedure.

10 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: mechanics.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to clipping device and is intended for reducing the weight of locking lever without losing its effectiveness. Clipping device at least with one locking lever includes the supporting element forming the rotation axis, the seating element at least for one first locking tool and element of force input for connection to drive element. Locking lever is installed with possibility of being turned between the open position and closed position in which the first locking tool for locking the clip can be brought into contact with the second locking tool. Locking lever at least partially is made from fibrous polymer composite.

EFFECT: reducing the weight of locking lever without losing its effectiveness.

15 cl, 4 dwg

Clamping unit // 2355610

FIELD: packaging industry.

SUBSTANCE: present invention considers clamping unit for separating and clamping sleeve-like packages filled with packed materials. The clamping unit is provided with at least two pairs of displacing elements being arranged in radial opposition and axially distanced from each other with regard to packing sleeve axis. The said displacing elements are connected by linear guide and intended for local pinching of the filled up package by forming sleeve end so that the above mentioned elements can move linearly towards each other and then move in pairs in axial direction from each other. The clamping devices 1 and 2 are located so that they can rotate. In addition both clamping devices are intended for pinning and closing of at least one clamp around the formed sleeve end between axially separated from each other pairs of displacing elements so that they can move in radial direction towards each other. Radial direction of displacing element pair movement coincides, mainly with radial direction of clamping elements movement.

EFFECT: clamping unit as disclosed by this invention, ensures reliable and simple process of clamping.

4 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to meat industry, in particular, to cooked-and-smoked sausage production. The cooked-and-smoked sausage is produced by a method envisaging trimmed prime beef preparation, beef salting, mincing, nutria meat milling into particles sized 15-20 mm, preparation of beef mince, nutria meat, spices and seasonings, sausage links moulding, settling and thermal treatment in the specified modes. One additionally introduces "Lactobel-ED" prebiotic into the mince; the stabiliser is represented by Geleon 179M multifunctional food additive. The cooked-and-smoked sausage ingredients are selected at the specified quantity ratio.

EFFECT: invention ensures manufacture of a high quality product with stable organoleptic indices due to balanced selection of initial raw materials, technological operations and modes of their performance.

1 tbl, 4 ex

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: method envisages preparation of meat raw stock, additives, condiments, spices and materials, mince preparation, sausage links moulding, settling, smoking, drying and packaging of the products. Settling is performed during 24 hours at a temperature of 4-8C and relative air humidity equal to 92-95%. Smoking is performed during 7 days with the temperature within the range from 22-24C to 15-16C and relative air humidity equal to 91% - 80% without air flow. The sausage link is dried at a temperature of 132C and relative air humidity equal to 823% during 3-5 days with further drying performed at a temperature of 112C and relative air humidity equal to 773%. In the process of mince formulation a starter culture and demineralised whey are introduced.

EFFECT: production of raw smoked sausages with reduced ageing time, high organoleptic, functional-and-technological, structural-and-mechanical and colour characteristics and extended storage life.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: Invention is intended for usage in food industry, in particular, for treatment of food products having an elongated configuration and enclosed in an edible external casing, for example - those containing a chopped meat filler . The food product treatment system contains a cooking and a cooling devices that are similar to each other and configured for preparation of Vienna sausages that have fragile and easy-tearing casings. The cooking device contains a treatment reservoir containing cooking fluid, a charging tray, a guiding means in the form of nozzles, a helical conveyor and a discharging conveyor. Vienna sausages are delivered into the reservoir through the charging tray. The nozzles direct the sausages into optimal positions relative to the helical conveyor that transports the sausages into the discharging conveyor. The nozzles also separate sausages to prevent their agglomeration during charging into the reservoir and ensure parallel positioning of sausages and transportation in a direction parallel to the helical conveyor rotation axis which reduced impact forces applied to sausages by means of the conveyor. In the cooling device the reservoir contains cooling liquid.

EFFECT: method improvement.

15 cl, 10 dwg

Semi-smoked sausage // 2515394

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for usage in meat industry during production of specialised sausage products and for children alimentation. The semi-smoked sausage contains meat raw materials represented by mutton, poultry meat of light colour, mid-back speck, broadtail fat as well as food culinary salt, ground coriander, sodium nitrite, sugar sand, ground black hot pepper and fresh garlic. The specified ratio of the ingredients is set in the formula.

EFFECT: invention ensures manufacture of a sausage product with dietary and high organoleptic properties as well as the meat products range extension.

2 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: method envisages meat raw materials defrosting, deboning, trimming, milling, salting, spices, garlic and casings preparation, mince preparation, small sausages moulding, settling, slight drying, frying, cooking, smoking, drying and packaging under vacuum. The small sausages are moulded into gas- and moisture-permeable casings with a diameter equal to 18-24 mm. After thermal treatment and packaging under vacuum one performs pasteurisation in water at a temperature of 74-80C till the temperature in the small sausage centre is equal to 70C with subsequent maintenance during 8-12 minutes at water temperature equal to 74-80C with vacuum package preservation after pasteurisation, with subsequent cooling to a temperature equal to 0-20C. Pasteurisation and maintenance of small sausages packaged under vacuum are performed with a steam-and-air mixture usage at a temperature of 74-80C.

EFFECT: product storage life increase up to 30 days during storage at a temperature no higher than 20C with preservation of quality characteristics and safety indices.

2 cl, 1 tbl, 4 ex

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for usage in food industry, in particular, for production of semi-smoked sausages of nutria meat. The sausage contains defrosted trimmed first grade beef milled in a mincer with 2-3 mm mesh outlet holes diameter, mid-back pork speck slightly frozen to a temperature equal from 0 to -2C and milled into pieces with sides sized no more than 4 mm, culinary edible salt, sodium nitrite, sugar sand and spices. Additionally, one uses nutria meat milled into particles sized 15-20 mm; spices are additionally represented by ground allspice and nutmeg. The components are taken at the specified quantity ratio.

EFFECT: method ensures enhancement of nutritive and biological value of the ready product that has high organoleptic indices and a taste gamut.

1 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to meat-processing industry, in particular, to production of sausages with a bacterial preparation usage as well as to a sausage produced by the said method. The method involves pork skin blanching, cooling with subsequent freezing, frozen low-fat pork and beef mincing, the blanched pork skin milling in a cutter with addition of moisture as per the formula, the minced low-fat pork and beef, a phosphate, a bacterial preparation, back fat, a complex taste-and-flavour additive, starch and a salt loading into the cutter , the produced mass moulding into the casing and settling; then the product is subjected to intensive cooling till the fermentation process termination. The salt is represented by a nitrite salt or sodium nitrite and culinary salt. In the method one specially selects a combination of a phosphate and a bacterial preparation based on a mixture of Lactobacillus curvatus, Lactobacillus casei, Pediococcus acidilactici and Pediococcus pentosaceus cultures. The ingredients are selected at the specified quantity ratio.

EFFECT: method ensures high quality sausage products range extension, the product maturation process acceleration, high organoleptic indices stable during long storage.

14 cl, 3 ex

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to meat processing industry, namely - to the technology for manufacture of delicatessen raw smoked products, mainly - those made of poultry meat. The method envisages preparation of poultry meat raw material, mince preparation, introduction of a bacterial mixture affecting the ageing process in the mince, casings filling with mince, settling, thermal treatment and drying. The bacterial mixture used is represented by Lactobacillus curvatus, Staphylococcus carnosus, Pediococcus pentosaceus bacterial species strains taken at a ratio of 1:1:1. It is introduced 0.015-0.02% of the mince weight. The poultry meat raw material is represented by deboned skinned legs, chicken breast fillet and back fat; alternatively, one uses chicken breast fillet and back fat.

EFFECT: ensuring decreased labour intensity of the process, extension of the raw smoked sausages range and reduction of the product ageing time.

2 ex

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to meat industry and may be used in production of cooked sausages. The method involved first grade beef and lean pork deboning and trimming, meat raw material milling, maintaining meat raw material salted with brine, mince preparation with addition of beef liver, egg melange, a soya food enriching agent, sugar sand or glucose, sodium nitrite, ground black pepper, casings filling with mince, frying in stationary chambers with subsequent boiling and cooling. Additionally, one introduces a preliminarily prepared food additive consisting of rice flour, food gelatine, chitosan and dairy whey as well as chamomile and St.-John's wort infusion. The components are taken at the specified ratio.

EFFECT: invention ensures improvement of the chemical, amino acid, mineral and vitamin composition of cooked sausage that, alongside with higher food value and improved structural-and-mechanical properties, has functional and preventive properties relevant for people suffering from adiposity.

3 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry, in particular, to a method for manufacture of a food product having coating. The coating forming paste is applied by way of co-extrusion onto the surface of the material subject to encapsulation into the coating to manufacture a co-extruded product. The coating forming paste contains an alginate, a sequestrant and a hardly soluble calcium salt or calcium oxide. The alginate forms a gel in the process of the co-extruded product contact with a solution including calcium ions. The hardly soluble calcium salt is chosen from the group consisting of calcium carbonate, calcium citrate, calcium phosphate, calcium silicate, calcium sulphate, calcium sulphide, calcium tartrate and their mixtures.

EFFECT: invention ensures production of a tough coating that holds shape during the product storage at a reduced temperature.

9 cl, 2 dwg, 1 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: meat industry, in particular, sausage production.

SUBSTANCE: method involves preparing farce; introducing food additive such as protein emulsion; forming; providing thermal processing and cooling ready product. Protein emulsion is produced from trimmed beef meat preliminarily frozen to temperature of from -7°C to -8°C by initially chopping thereof by means of chopper; grinding trimmed meat in cutter while constantly mixing to temperature of 7°C and simultaneously adding 4 wt% of edible salt, 0.6 wt% of phosphates and 45-50 wt% of ice to mass of raw meat material; grinding mixture in cutter while constantly mixing to temperature of 12-13°C and adding 45-50 wt% of ice to raw meat material; cooling ready emulsion to temperature of 1-2°C before introducing it into farce. Emulsion is used in an amount of 30-35% by weight of farce.

EFFECT: improved consistency and structure of farce, increased percentage of raw meat material in farce, and reduced manufacture costs of ready product.

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