Agricultural compositions

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Agronomical composition includes (a) biocides and (b) products of alkoxylation of esters of di- or oligosaccharides.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase composition stability.

11 cl, 4 tbl, 6 ex, 2 dwg

 

The scope of the invention

The present invention relates to the field of additives for agriculture and relates, in particular, agricultural compositions, including a new class vysokopitatelny carbohydrate supplements.

Background of invention

The market for crop protection is the amount of approximately EUR 22 billion/year. Most biocides are designed with additives (also known as potentiator)in order to maximize their efficiency by performing multiple functions. The Supplement should provide good wetting of the surface of the sheet, to facilitate penetration of the biocide in a wide range of climatic conditions and to enhance, or at least slow down, move biocide, in particular, herbicide into the plant. In addition, it should not have fetotoksicheskoe effect when used on certain resistant crops.

The use of ethoxylated vegetable oils as additives to the biocide and compositions for plant protection is prior art. One of the first links that describe the ethoxylated triglycerides for this purpose was laid down by the earlier publication of the German Democratic Republic DD 268147 A1. In this context, reference is also made to international patent application WO 98/009518 A1 (Cognis), revealing weste the household composition, including carrier liquid and the mixture of emulsifier, consisting of alkylpolyglycoside and fatty acids. Two German applications DE 10000320 A1 and DE 10018159 A1 (both Cognis) famous songs, including some contact herbicides and the ethoxylated fatty alcohols or fatty acids. European patent EP 0804241 B1 (SEPPIC) accesses ethoxylated esters of fatty acids and triglycerides and their use as autoanalyser systems to obtain agricultural compositions. Ethoxylated polyol as one esters are widely used as part of biocides. Well known are the ethoxylated glycerides, such as ethoxylates of castor oil or soybean oil, or esters of sorbitol and sorbitan, which can be found on the market. EP 1063883 B1 (Cognis) describes the use of products alkoxysilane of Alkylglucoside as an aid to agricultural compositions.

Although various types of biocides, as well as a huge number of additives such as adjuvants, emulsifiers, solvent additives, etc. available in the market, there is a constant desire to develop new low-viscosity solvents and/or emulsifiers with improved resistance to low temperatures, the best color and smell, higher compatibility with polar and nonpolar dissolve the s and at the same time having a high ability to decomposition by microorganisms and environmentally safe. The aim of the present invention is the implementation of these market needs.

Detailed description of the invention

The present invention relates to agrochemical compositions comprising

(a) biocides and

(b) products alkoxysilane esters of di - and/or oligosaccharides.

Surprisingly discovered that compositions according to the invention exhibit lower viscosity, better color, weak odor and improved resistance to low temperatures compared to similar biocidal compositions based on other supplements. Another advantage relates to the improved compatibility of the compositions with water and a wide range of solvents and oils carriers that allow you to get all kinds of biocidal formulations, such as SL, EC, EW, SC, SE and OD. In addition, the products are completely biodegradable and do not show Ecotoxicity.

Biocides

Biocide (component a) in the context of the present invention is an agent for protection of plants, more specifically, a chemical capable of destroying different forms of living organisms used in such fields as medicine, agriculture, forestry and control mosquitoes. Also considered to be related to the group of biocides so-called plant growth regulators. Usually biocides are divided into two subgroups:

- pesticides, which shall include fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, algaecides, molluscicide, miticide and poisons for rodents, and

- antibacterial drugs, which include germicide, antibiotics, antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, Antiprotozoal and anti-parasitic means.

Biocides can also be added to other substances (usually liquids)to protect the substance from biological infestation and growth. For example, certain types of Quaternary ammonium compounds (quats) can be added to the water for swimming pools or in the industrial water system to act as algaecides, protecting water from the invasion and growth of algae.

Pesticides

The U.S. Agency for environmental protection (EPA) defines a pesticide as "any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling or mitigate any pest". A pesticide may be a chemical substance or biological agent (such as viruses or bacteria)used against pests including insects, plant pathogens, weeds, molluscs, birds, mammals, fish, nematodes (roundworms) and microbes that compete with humans for food, destroy property, spread disease or hurt. The following examples are pesticides, suitable for agrochemical compositions according to the present image is the shadow:

Fungicides. The fungicide is one of the three basic methods of control of parasites and chemical control of fungi in this case. Fungicides are chemical compounds used to prevent the spread of fungi in the garden and crops. Fungicides are also used to fight fungal infections. Fungicides can be both contact and systemic. Contact fungicide kills the fungus, when sprayed on its surface. Systemic fungicide should be absorbed by the fungi before their death. Examples of suitable fungicides of the present invention include the following varieties: (3-ethoxypropan)mercurybased, 2-methoxyethylmercury, 2-phenylphenol, 8-hydroxyanisole, 8-PHENYLMERCURIC, acibenzolar, allumination fungicides, alpataco, Aldemar, aliphatic nitrogen fungicides, allyl alcohol, amide fungicides, aspropirgos, anilazine, anilide fungicides, antibiotic fungicides, aromatic fungicides, aureofungin, azaconazole, azithrom, AZOXYSTROBIN, barium polysulfide, benalaxyl, benalaxyl-M, Benadryl, benomyl, benchings, Pantaloon, benthiavalicarb, benzalkonium, benzamycin, benzamide fungicides, betamorph, benzanilide fungicides, benzimidazole fungicides, fungicides predecessor benzimidazole, benzamides likability fungicides, benzohydroxamic acid, benzothiazoline fungicides, beloxepin, binapacryl, diphenyl, bitertanol, bithionol, blasticidin-S, Bordeaux mixture, boscalid, bridge diphenyl fungicides, bromuconazole, bupirimate, Burgundy mixture, butiaba, butylamine, calcium polysulfide, captafol, Captan, urethane fungicides, Carnamah, carbanilate fungicides, carbendazim, carboxin, cropropamide, carvon, a mixture of Cheshunt, chinomethionat, clobetasol, chloronitromethane, chloranil, chlorbenzol, chloronitromethane, chloroneb, chlorpicrin, CHLOROTHALONIL, clarinex, chlozolinate, ciclopirox, climbazole, clotrimazole, contlnue fungicides, contlnue fungicides (the imidazoles), contlnue fungicides (triazole), copper acetate (II)carbonate copper (II) primary, copper fungicides, copper hydroxide, copper naphthenate, copper oleate, chlorosis copper, copper sulfate (II), copper sulfate basic copper chromate zinc, cresol, kurane, buproban, copper oxide, cyazofamid, collaborated, cyclic dithiocarbamate fungicides, cycloheximide, cyflufenamid, having cymoxanil, tapentadol, cyproconazole, cyprodinil, dazomet, DBCP, dibakar, decadentes, deshidratada acid, dicarboximide fungicides, dichlofluanid, Dylan, dichlorophen, dichlorophenyl, dicarboximide fungicides, diplozoon, diclobutrazol, diclocil, declomycin, dicloran, dietphenterm, diethylmercury the NAT, difenoconazol, diplomatarium, dimethirimol, dimetrodon, dimoxystrobin, diniconazole, dinitroaniline fungicides, dinobuton, dinocap, directon, dinobuton, dinolfo, dinoterb, diphenylamine, dipyrithione, disulfram, datalists, dithianon, dithiocarbamate fungicides, DNOC, dodemont, dodici, Dodin, gonatodes, drazoxolon, edifenphos, epoxiconazol, itaconate, etem, ethaboxam, ethirimol, ethoxyquin, ethylmercury 2,3-dihydroxyprogesterone, ethylmercuric, ethylmercury, ethylmercury, ethylmercuric, etridiazole, famoxadone, fenamidone, fenaminosulf, verapamil, fenarimol, fenbuconazole, fanforum, fenhexamid, penetapan, phenoxyl fenpiclonil, fenpropidin, fenpropimorph, fentin, ferbam, verison, fluazinam, fludioxonil, flamethower, floorf, fluopicolide, fluorogenic, flutrimazole, fluoxastrobin, Fluconazol, flusilazol, glucolipid, flutolanil, flutriafol, folpet, formaldehyde, fosetyl, fuberidazole, parallaxis, parameter, paramignya fungicides, furylidene fungicides, percarbonic, vorconizole, vorconizole-CIS, furfural, pharmacyclics, furofenac, gliadin, griseofulvin, guazatine, galakrond, hexachlorobenzene, Hexachlorobutadiene, hexachlorophene, hexaconazole, hexylthio, hydralift, gimnazial, imazalil, kabekona, imidazole fungicides, iminoctadine, inorganic fu is Hildy, inorganic mercury fungicides, iodomethane, ipconazole, iprobenfos, iprodion, iprovalicarb, isoprothiolane, isovaleryl, kasugamycin, kresoxim-methyl, sulfur, lime, mankapur, MANCOZEB, MANEB, mobinil, macrobenthic, mepanipyrim, mepronil, mercury chloride, oxide, mercury chloride, mercury, mercury fungicides, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M, METAM, metacoxae, metconazole, metasurfaces, mefenoxam, methyl bromide, methylisothiocyanate, methylmercuric, methylergometrine, methylmercapto-chlorphenoxy, metiram, metamyosyn, metrafenone, metalhawk, Milner, fungicides of tetrahydrooxazolo, myclobutanil, mickleton, N-(ethylmercury)-p-toluenesulfonamide, nabam, natamycin, nitrosothiol, nitrates-isopropyl, nuarimol, WASPS, oxylene, operas, organisatie fungicides organophosphorus fungicides, organohalogen fungicides, orysastrobin, oxadixyl, occationaly fungicides, oxazoline fungicides, oxen copper, Expocentr, oxycarboxin, peyratout, penconazole, pencycuron, pentachlorophenol, pentopia, PHENYLMERCURIC, PHENYLMERCURIC, PHENYLMERCURIC, phenylmercury derivative of pyrocatechin, PHENYLMERCURIC, phenylmercury-salicylate, phenylalamine fungicides, forgiven, phtalic, phthalimide fungicides, picoxystrobin, piperalin, polycarbonate, polymer dithiocarbamate the major fungicides, polyxeni, palikari, polysulfide fungicides, potassium azide, potassium polysulfide, potassium thiocyanate, provenzal, prochloraz, procymidone, propamocarb, propiconazol, propineb, probenecid, protocorm, prothioconazole, percarbonic, pyraclostrobin, pyrazol fungicides, pyrazophos, pyridine fungicides, perigenital, pirivenas, Pyrimethanil, pyrimidine fungicides, pyroxylin, piroxicam, proxyfor, pyroline fungicides, hinata, chinnasamy, henansal, quinoline fungicides, fungicides of quinone fungicides of cinoxacin, jenoxifen, hintzen, rabenasolo, salicylanilide, silthiofam, semcanada, sodium azide, sodium orthophenylphenate, sodium pentachlorophenoxide, the sodium polysulfide, spiroxamine, streptomycin, strobilurin fungicides, sulfonanilide fungicides, sulfur, soultrain, TSMT, tebuconazole, telital, tecnazene, decorum, tetraconazole, thiabendazol, tudiver, fungicides thiazole, tilian, leflunomid, THIOCARBAMATE fungicides, tikorangi, thiomersal, tiopinac, thiophanate-methyl, fungicides thiophene, teachings, thiram, tadini, dioxime, teledo, tolclofos-methyl, tolnaftate, tailwind, dailmerchrysler, triadimefon, triadimenol, triamides, clarinol, triazolyl, fungicides triazine, triazole fungicides, triazoxide, tributyltin oxide, trickled, tricyclazole, tridemorph, Trifloxystrobin, triflumizole, who reforin, triticonazole, unclassified fungicides, undecylenoyl acid, uniconazole, fungicides urea, validamycin, valinamide fungicides, vinclozolin, Suriname, zinc naphthenate, zineb, Tsira, zoxamide and mixtures thereof.

The herbicides. Herbicide - a pesticide used to kill unwanted plants. Selective herbicides kill specific targets, leaving the crop relatively unharmed. Some of them are due to the interaction with growth of weeds and often based on plant hormones. Herbicides used for cleansing the devastated earth, are not selective and destroy all plant material with which they come into contact. Herbicides are widely used in agriculture and control over peatlands. They are used in programs full control over vegetation (TVC) for the maintenance of highways and Railways. Smaller amounts are used in forestry, pasture systems and management fields that are stored as a habitat for wild animals. In General, can use different active ingredients, representing different chemical classes, a special reference is made to the Guide to pesticides, fourteenth edition, ed. CDS Tomlin, 2006 BCPC. The following selection illustrates examples which do not limit this invention: arelaxation the traveler acid, for example, MSRA, aryloxyphenoxy, for example, clodinafop, oximes of cyclohexandione, for example, sethoxydim, dinitroanilines, for example, trifluralin, diphenyl ethers, for example, oxyfluorfen, hydroxybenzonitrile, for example, bromoxynil, sulfonylureas, for example, nicosulfuron, triazolopyrimidine, for example, penoksulam, tricetin, for example, mesotrione, urease, for example, Diuron. This is the number of particularly suitable herbicides:

- 2,4-D broadleaf herbicide in phenoxy group used in the peat and in the production of non-arable field crops. Now mainly used in mixtures with other herbicides, which act as synergists, this is the most widely used herbicide in the world, the third commonly used in the United States. This is an example of a synthetic auxin (plant hormone).

- Atrazine, a triazine herbicide used on corn and sorghum for the control of broadleaf weeds and grasses. It is still used because of its low price and because it acts as a synergist when used with other herbicides, it is an inhibitor of photosystem II.

- Dicamba as benzoic acid, herbicide neofalling broad, active in the soil used in the turf and field crops. This is another example of a synthetic auxin.

- Glyfo is at, systemic non-selective (it destroys any type of plant) herbicide used in Napoleon the destruction of vegetation and weed control in crops that are genetically modified to resist its effects. This is an example EPSPS protein inhibitor.

- Imazapic as imidazoline, non-selective herbicide used for pre-and postoperational control of some annual and perennial grasses and broadleaf plants. Imazapic kills plants by slowing the production of branched amino acid chain (valine, leucine and isoleucine), which are necessary for protein synthesis and cell growth.

- Metolachlor as chloracetamide, herbicide devegetation stage, widely used for control of annual grasses in crops and sorghum; it largely replaces atrazine for these purposes.

- Parahat as BIPYRIDILIUM, non-selective contact herbicide used for non-arable destruction and air destruction of marijuana and Coca plantations. More astrologicheskii for people than any other herbicide in widespread commercial use.

- Picloram, clopyralid and triclopyr as purecarbon acid or a synthetic auxin used to control unwanted forest and shirokolistvennymi.

Insecticide. An insecticide is a pesticide used against insects in all stages of development. They include ovicide and larvicides used against eggs and larvae of insects. Insecticides are used in agriculture, medicine, industry, and households. Hereinafter referred to appropriate insecticides:

- Chlorinated insecticides, such as, for example, Camphechlor, DDT, Hexachlorocyclohexane, gamma Hexachlorocyclohexane, Methoxychlor, Pentachlorophenol, TDE, Aldrin, Chlordane, Chlordecone, Dieldrin, Endosulfan, Endrin, Heptachlor, Mirex, and mixtures thereof;

- Organophosphorus compounds, such as, for example, Arafat, Azinphos-methyl, Bensulide, Chlorethoxyfos, chlorpyrifos, chlorpyrifos-methyl, Diazinon, Dichlorvos (DDVP), Dicrotophos, Dimethoate, Disulfoton, Ethoprop, Fenamiphos, Fenitrothion, Fenthion, Fosthiazate, Malathion, Methamidophos, Methidathion, Methyl-parathion, Mevinphos, Naled, Omethoate, Oxydemeton-methyl, Parathion, Fort, Fosalan, Phosmet, Phostebupirim, Pirimiphos-methyl, Profenofos, Terbufos, Tetrachlorvinphos, Tribufos, Trichlorfon and mixtures thereof;

- Carbamates, such as, for example, Aldicarb, Carbofuran, Carbaryl, Methomyl, 2-(1-methylpropyl " fenilmetilketenom and mixtures thereof;

- Pyrethroids, such as, for example, Allethrin, Bifenthrin, Deltamethrin, Permethrin, Resmethrin, Sumithrin, Tetramethrin, Tralomethrin, Transfluthrin and their mixtures

- Compounds derived from plant toxins, such as, for example, Derris (rotenone), Feverfew, Him (Azadiractin), Nicotine, Caffeine, and mixtures thereof.

- The neonicotinoids, such as Imidacloprid.

- Abamectin, for example emamectin.

- Oxadiazine, such as indoxacarb.

- Anthranilate diamides, such as rynaxypyr.

Poisons for rodents. Poisons for rodents - chemicals control parasites, intended for the destruction of rodents. Rodents are difficult to destroy the poisons, due to the fact that their dietary habits characterize their place as eating garbage. They eat a small amount and wait and if not ill still there. Effective poison for rodents should be tasteless and odorless lethal concentrations and have deferred action. The following are examples of suitable poisons for rodents:

Anticoagulants are defined as chronic (death occurs after 1-2 weeks of taking lethal dose, rarely earlier), roller (second generation) or mnogorazovye (first generation) cumulative poisons for rodents. Fatal internal bleeding is called a lethal dose of anticoagulants, such as brodifacoum, coumatetralyl or warfarin. These substances in effective doses are antivitamins K, blocking the enzymes K12.3 epoxide-reductase (the enzyme predpochtitel what about the blocked derivatives of 4-hydroxycoumarin/4-hydroxycoumarin), and K1-quinone-reductase (the enzyme preferably is blocked derivatives indandion), depriving the body of the source of active vitamin K1. This leads to the destruction of the vitamin K cycle, leading to the inability of the production of vital blood clotting factors (mainly, factors II coagulation (prothrombin), VII (proconvertin), IX (Christmas factor) and X (factor Stewart)). In addition, certain metabolic destruction of toxic doses of anticoagulants 4-hydroxycoumarin/4-hydroxycoumarin and indandion damage the tiny blood vessels (capillaries), increasing their permeability, causing scattered internal bleeding (hemorrhage). These effects appear gradually; they develop over days and are not accompanied by any nociceptive perception of the type of pain or anguish. In the final phase of intoxication exhausted rodent falls in gipotalamicescom circulating shock or severe anemia and die quietly. Anticoagulants have Rodenticidal is as agents of the first generation (type 4-hydroxycoumarin: warfarin, commertail; type of inidiana: pinton, diazinon, chlorophacinone), in General, require higher concentrations (usually between 0.005 and 0.1 per cent), consistent absorption within days to accumulate a lethal dose, inactive or invalid the matter only after reception and less toxic, than the second generation agents, which are derivatives of 4-hydroxycoumarin (difenacoum, brodifacoum, bromadiolon flocoumafen) or 4-hydroxy-1-benzathin-2-he (4-hydroxy-1-tucumari, sometimes incorrectly called 4-hydroxy-1-Tocumen, because - see heterocyclic compounds, namely difethialone. Agents of the second generation are significantly more toxic than the agents of the first generation, they are generally used at lower concentrations in baits (usually on the order of 0.001-0.005%) and fatal after only taking the bait and is also effective against species of rodents that have become resistant to first generation anticoagulants; therefore, the second generation anticoagulants are sometimes referred to as ' superwarfarin". Sometimes anticoagulant poisons for rodents stronger antibiotic, usually sulfaphenazole. The aim of this Association (e.g., warfarin 0, 05% + sulfoxidation of 0.02% or difenac of 0.005% + sulfoxidation 0.02% and so on) - what antibiotic/bacteriostatic agent inhibits intestinal/digestive microflora, which is a source of vitamin K. Thus, symbiotic bacteria are destroyed, or their metabolism is weakened, and the production of vitamin K by them is reduced, an effect which logically contributes to the action of anticoagulants. Can ispolzovaniya agents, in addition sulfoxidation, for example, co-trimoxazole, tetracycline, neomycin or metronidazole. Further synergies used in rodenticide baits, this synergy connection anticoagulants connection with vitamin D activity, i.e. of cholecalciferol or ergocalciferol (see below). A typical formula used is, for example, warfarin 0,025-0,05% + cholecalciferol 0,01%. In some countries even have three poisons for rodents, i.e., the anticoagulant+antibiotic+vitamin D, for example, difenacoum of 0.005% + sulfoxidation 0,02% + cholecalciferol 0,01%. Combining anticoagulant second generation antibiotic and/or vitamin D is believed to be effective even against the most resistant species of rodents, although some second generation anticoagulants (namely brodifacoum and difethialone) at concentrations of bait 0,0025-0,005% are so toxic that there is no persistent rodent species and even rodents that are resistant to the use of these toxic anticoagulants.

Vitamin K1was proposed and successfully used as an antidote for Pets or people who accidentally or intentionally (poisoning of domestic animals, suicide attempts) were exposed to anticoagulant poisons. In addition, because some of these poisons act by inhibiting the function of the liver, and in progressive stages of poisoning, several coagulation factors, as well as the whole volume of circulating blood, not enough blood transfusion (optionally with the presence of clotting factors) can save the life of a man who inadvertently got them, which is an advantage over some older poisons.

Metal phosphides was used as a tool for the destruction of rodents and are considered as a single dose, quick-acting poisons for rodents (death occurs usually within 1-3 days after only taking the bait). Bait, consisting of food and phosphide (usually zinc phosphide), leave where rodents can eat. The acid in the digestive system of the rodent reacts with the phosphide with getting the toxic gas hydrogen phosphide. This method of controlling parasites has possible use in places where rodents are resistant to some of anticoagulants, especially for the control of household and field mice; bait zinc phosphide is also cheaper than most second generation anticoagulants so that sometimes, in cases of a large infestation of rodents, their population was initially recovered a large quantity of bait zinc phosphide, and the rest of the population, which survived during the initial fast-acting poison then destroyed by the prolonged use of anticoagulant baits. On the contrary, individual rodents, which survived after the application of anticoagulant (the rest of the population), could be destroyed by the application of non-toxic bait in a week or two (it is important to overcome caution to the bait and use it to feed in certain areas, offering certain foods, especially with the destruction of rats) and subsequently using poisoned baits of the same grade as that used for pre-stool until all the consumption of the bait will not stop (usually within 2-4 days). These alternative methods of poisons for rodents with different modes of action provide the actual or nearly 100%destruction of the population in the area, if it is well-accepted/has a pleasant taste (i.e. rodents readily feed upon it).

Phosphides is quite fast rat poisons, resulting in the death of rats usually in open areas instead of buildings that are affected. Typical examples of aluminium phosphide (fumigant only), calcium phosphide (fumigant)magnesium phosphide (fumigant only) and baits (lures). The phosphide of zinc usually add to eat the baits in amounts of about 0.75 to 2%. Baits have strong, sharp, similar to garlic, the smell due to the phosphine resulting from hydrolysis. The smell attracts (or, at least, n is pushes) rodents, but it has a repellent effect on other mammals; birds, however (especially wild turkeys), not sensitive to smell and eat the bait, thus bringing collateral damage.

Hypercalcemia. Calciferol (vitamin D), cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) and ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) are used as poisons for rodents, which are toxic to rodents for the same reason that they are useful for mammals: they affect the homeostasis of calcium and phosphorus in the body. Vitamin D is vital in small quantities (a few IUs per kilogram of body weight daily, which is only part of a milligram), and like most fat-soluble vitamins, are a poison in large doses, because they easily lead to the so-called hypervitaminosis, which, simply put, is poisoning vitamin. If poisoning is serious enough (i.e. if the dose of a toxic substance is high enough), it ultimately leads to death. In rodents consuming the bait has rodenticidal, it calls hypercalcemia, raising the level of calcium, mainly by increasing the absorption of calcium from food, moving calcium, fixed in the bone matrix, in an ionized form (mainly cation of managercorporate calcium, partly associated with plasma proteins, [Sanso3]+ ), which circulates dissolved in the blood plasma, and after taking a lethal dose of free calcium levels rise enough to blood vessels, the kidneys, the wall of the stomach and lungs were mineralized/calcified (formation of calcifications, crystals of calcium salts/complexes in the tissues, thus damaging them), leading further to heart problems (myocardial sensitive to changes in available levels of calcium, which also affects the compressibility of the myocardium, and the spread of excitation between the Atria and the ventricles), and bleeding (due to damage to the capillaries) and possibly kidney failure. It is believed, is a single dose or cumulative (depending on concentration; total of 0.075% concentration lure is deadly for most rodents after a single injection of large parts of the bait), sub-chronic (death usually occurs within days to one week after taking the bait). The applied concentration of 0.075% cholecalciferol and 0.1% of ergocalciferol, when used alone. There is an important feature of the toxicology of calciferol, which is that they are synergistic with toxic anticoagulants. This means that a mixture of anticoagulants and calciferol in the same bait are more toxic, is to eat the sum of the toxicities of anticoagulant and calciferol in the bait so that massive gipercalziemiceski effect can be achieved mainly with lower content of calciferol in the bait, and on the contrary. More explicit anticoagulant / hemorrhagic effects are observed, if present calciferol. This synergism is mainly used in baits with a low calciferol, because the effective concentration of calciferol more expensive than the effective concentrations of the majority of anticoagulants. Historically, the first use of calciferol in the bait has rodenticidal was, in fact, Sorex product Sorexa ® D (with a different formula than the current Sorexa ® D), in the early 1970s, contains warfarin 0,025% + ergocalciferol of 0.1%. Today Sorexa ® CD contains a combination of 0,0025% of difenacoum + of 0.075% cholecalciferol. Sold numerous other branded products containing as calciferol of 0.075 to 0.1% (for example, Hitox ®containing 0.075% cholecalciferol) alone or a combination of calciferol 0,01-0,075% with anticoagulants.

Miticide, molluscicide and nematicides. Miticide - pesticides that kill mites. Antibiotique miticide, the urethane miticide, formamidine miticide, growth regulators mites, organochlorine, permethrine and organophosphate miticide - it all belongs to this category. Molluscicide - pesticides used to control mollusks type moth, slsn the Cove and snails. These substances include matatalaib, methiocarb and aluminum sulfate. The nematicides - type of chemical pesticide used to kill parasitic nematodes (a type of worm). The nematicides get from cake seeds of a tree that is a remnant of the seed of the tree after oil extraction. The tree, it is known by several names in the world, but was first cultivated in India since ancient times.

Antibacterial drugs.

The following examples are given antibiotics suitable for agrochemical compounds of the present invention. Bacterial disinfectants, mainly used are as follows:

- activated chlorine (i.e. hypochlorites, chloramines, dichloroisocyanurate and trichloroisocyanurate, wet chlorine, chlorine dioxide, etc),

active oxygen (peroxides type peracetic acid, potassium persulfate, sodium perborate, percarbonate sodium and perpetrate urea),

- iodine (iodopovidone (povidone-iodine, Betadine)solution of Lugol's solution, iodine tincture, iodinated nonionic surfactants),

- concentrated alcohols (mainly ethanol, 1-propanol, also known as n-propanol and 2-propanol, called isopropanol, and mixtures thereof; used 2-Phenoxyethanol and 1 - and 2-phenoxypropanol),

- phenolic substances (such as what to phenol (also called "carbolic acid"), Cresols (called "Lysol" in combination with liquid potassium Soaps), halogenated (chlorinated, brominated) phenols, a type of hexachlorophene, triclosan, trichlorophenol, tribromophenol, pentachlorophenol, Dipaola and their salts),

cationic surfactants, such as some Quaternary ammonium cations (such as benzalconi chloride, cetyl the ammonium bromide or chloride, didecylammonium chloride, pyridinium chloride, benzethonium chloride) and other nezatertye compounds such as chlorhexidine, glycoprotein, accendentally etc.),

- strong oxidants type of ozone and permanganate solutions;

- heavy metals and their salts, such as colloidal silver, silver nitrate, mercury chloride, salt phenylmercury, copper sulfate, chlorosis copper, etc. Heavy metals and their salts are the most toxic and environmentally hazardous bactericides, and therefore their use is strongly suppressed or forbidden; next

- properly concentrated strong acids (phosphoric acid, nitric, sulfuric, amigorena, colorsarray) and

- alkali (hydroxide of sodium, potassium, calcium) between pH<1 or >13, especially at elevated temperatures (above 60°C) destroy bacteria.

As antiseptics (i.e. germicidal agents that can be used on the body or belly is s, the skin, mucosa, wounds and the like), a few of videopornodejennyrivera funds may be used under appropriate conditions (mainly, concentration, pH, temperature and toxicity to human/animal). Among them are important

some properly diluted preparations of chlorine (for example, a solution Dequina, 0.5% solution of sodium hypochlorite or potassium, brought to pH 7-8, or 0.5-1% solution benzotrifluoride sodium (chloramine B)), some

- the preparations of iodine, such as iodopovidone in various Galenika (ointments, solutions, patches), in the past, as the Lugol solution,

- peroxides, such as solutions of perpetrate urea and pH buffered with 0.1-0.25% solution of peracetic acid,

- alcohols with or without antiseptic additives, mainly used for antisepsis of the skin,

weak organic acid type sorbic acid, benzoic acid, lactic acid and salicylic acid,

some derivatives of phenol type hexachlorophene, triclosan and Dibromo and

- cationic compounds, such as solutions of 0.05-0.5% benzalkonium, 0.5 to 4% chlorhexidine, 0.1 to 2% octenidine.

Bactericidal antibiotics kill bacteria, bacteriostatic antibiotics only slow their growth or reproduction. Penicillin - bactericide as cephalosporins. Aminoglycoside antibiotics can in order to activate as a bactericidal way (destroying the cell wall precursor, leading to lysis)and bacteriostatic (joining 30 the ribosomal polyadenium and reducing the accuracy of the translation, leading to inaccurate protein synthesis). Other bactericidal antibiotics of the present invention include perkenalan, nitrofurans, vancomycin, carbapenems, co-trimoxazole and metronidazole. Preferred biocides are selected from the group consisting of insecticides, herbicides or fungicides, namely oxyfluorfen, glyphosate, tebuconazole, desmedipham, phenmedipham, ethofumesate and mixtures thereof.

Products alkoxysilane esters of di - and/or oligosaccharides

Many products alkoxysilane esters of di - and/or oligosaccharides (component b) generally known from the prior art. In the first embodiment of the invention mentioned products alkoxysilane can represent addition products of ethylene oxide and/or propylene oxide to esters of di - and/or oligosaccharide selected from the group consisting of disaccharides, trisaccharides and oligosaccharides having at least 4 and an average of no more than 20 sugar units. Sugars can present oligoglycosides, or oligofructose, or even a mixture of both structures. Preferred examples selected from the group comprising sucrose, maltose and maltotriose. For economic reasons, suitable Kida the date can also be obtained by chemical or enzymatic degradation of polysaccharides, such as, for example, cellulose, starch or substances, wastes of the sugar industry. Also use certain natural or synthetic resins or their decomposition products, such as xanthan gum.

In the second embodiment of the invention mentioned products alkoxysilane can represent addition products on average from 1 to about 100, preferably from about 5 to about 70 and more preferably from about 10 to about 50 moles of ethylene oxide and/or from 1 to about 100, preferably from about 20 to about 20 and more preferably from about 5 to about 10 moles of propylene oxide to esters of di - and/or oligosaccharides. Quite suitable products cover products on average 10-50 moles of ethylene oxide and 5-10 moles of propylene oxide. The distribution units can be randomized or certain.

In another embodiment of the invention mentioned products alkoxysilane can represent addition products of ethylene oxide and/or propylene oxide to C6-C22esters of di - and/or oligosaccharide fatty acids. The group of fatty acids can be derived from Caproic acid, Caprylic acid, capric acid, lauric acid, myristic acid, pall is itonovoy acid, Palmolive acid, stearic acid, ezoterikovou acid, oleic acid, elaidic acid, linolenovoi acid, linolenic acid, 12-hydroxystearate acid, ricinoleic acid, gadolinio acid, arachidonic acid, beganovi acid, erucic acid and technical mixtures, such as, for example, coconut fatty acid, palm fatty acid, solidolovaya fatty acid, sunflower fatty acid, soya fatty acid and the like is Particularly preferable to use C8-C10fatty acids or oleic acid to produce esters. The degree of esterification depends on the number of free hydroxyl groups in the carbohydrate substance. Typically the degree is from about 0.1 to about 6, preferably from about 1.5 to 4. For sucrose, for example, the preferred degree of esterification is about 4.

In particular, the preferred products alkoxysilane representing the addition products on average 10-50 moles of ethylene oxide and/or 1-10 moles of propylene oxide to a saturated or unsaturated C8-C18esters of sucrose, namely varieties sucrose+EO octanoate/decanoate or sucrose+EO+RO tetralet.

Food production alkoxysilane

It should be noted that the introduction of the fatty acid is t esterification leads to the decomposition of the elementary structures of sugars. The preferred method of obtaining products alkoxysilane is to expose alkoxysilane sugars of transesterification with alkylamino esters of fatty acids. Unfortunately, conventional transesterification catalysts, such as sodium methylate, usually lead to undesirable reactions Karam of elizario and products, showing a dark brownish color.

Therefore, the preferred embodiment of the present invention relates to an improved process of obtaining alkoxycarbonyl esters of di - and/or oligosaccharides using rejuvenating mineral or organic acids as catalysts for the transesterification, which is selected from the group consisting of

(i) sulfuric or sulfonic acids with an oxidation number of sulfur is less than 6 or their salts and/or

(ii) phosphoric or phosphinic acid oxidation number of phosphorus is less than 5, or their salts.

Surprisingly discovered that the use of catalysts, the reaction of transesterification can be carried out under moderate conditions, in particular at lower temperatures and neutral pH, allowing light esters without unwanted odors. Another advantage is that the esters do not contain traces of catalysts heavy metals, such as tin. Typical of the career regenerating mineral or organic acids - sulfuric or sulfonic acids selected from the group consisting of sulfurous acid, ditionally acid, sulfinol acid and organic Sultanovich acids and their alkali or alkaline earth salts. You can also use mineral or organic acids, representing phosphoric or phosphinic acid selected from the group consisting of phosphorous acid, diphosphonate acid, phosphonoacetic acid and hydroporinae acid or their alkali or alkaline earth salts. The preferred salt is potassium salt.

As a rule, alkoxysilane sugars are mixed with esters of carboxylic acids, the preferred esters boiling at low temperatures alcohols and highly preferred are methyl esters and about 2 wt%. 25% (by weight) solution, for example, phosphonoacetate potassium in methanol. The mixture is set in a vacuum of approximately 300 mbar and slowly heated with stirring to about 150-220º. After removal of water, the reaction begins vigorously at a temperature of from about 140 to about 150 º C. After removal of the first large portions of alcohol vacuum slowly decreases to less than 1 mbar and the reaction mixture is maintained under these conditions for a further 3-4 hours. Upon completion of the reaction, the obtained ester of OHL is confirmed and can be used without any additional purification. Generally gives a mixture of mono - and oligo-esters, also containing some unreacted sacharine alkoxylate. The residual content of methyl esters significantly below 1 wt%.

Industrial applicability

Agricultural compositions

In the preferred embodiment of the agricultural composition according to the present invention include:

(a) from about 10 to about 50 wt%, preferably from about 15 to about 35 wt%. Biocides;

(b) from about 1 to about 20 wt%, preferably from about 5 to about 15 wt%. products alkoxysilane di - and/or esters of oligosaccharides and

(c) from 0 to about 80 wt%, preferably from about 10 to about 70 wt%. auxiliary agents, provided that the amount of added water to 100 wt%.

Auxiliary agents

Agricultural compositions can include as optional component (C) auxiliary agents, such as solvents, emulsifiers, dispersing agents, additives, etc. selected from the group consisting of dialkylamino fatty acids, fatty acids, fatty alcohols, polyglycolide ethers of fatty alcohols, end polyglycolide esters of fatty alcohols and alkoxysilane flora the s oil. Suitable auxiliary agents can also be selected from anionic components, such as alkyl sulphonates benzene, in particular dodecylbenzensulfonate, for example, in the form of salts of sodium, ammonium, triethanolamine or calcium, alkyl sulphates and/or alkylarylsulfonates in the form of salts of sodium, ammonium or triethanolamine, or esters of citric acid from alkoxylates of fatty alcohols or polyglycerol fatty acids, or esters of phosphoric acid with linear or branched fatty alcohols and/or products of their alkoxysilane in the form of salts of potassium, ammonium or triethanolamine.

Further, an additional embodiment of the present invention embrace the use of products alkoxysilane di - and/or esters of oligosaccharides, such as:

- solvents to obtain agricultural compositions,

- emulsifiers to obtain agricultural compositions,

auxiliary means for receiving agricultural compositions,

- additives for mixing in the reaction tanks,

- supporting environment for concentrated suspensions or dispersions in oil (SC or DC formulations)

Examples

Example 1

475 g (440 g of the active, of 0.36 mol.) product accession 20 moles of ethylene oxide to sucrose mixed with 276 g (1.1 mol.) difficult methyl ester fatty acid grease (Edeno ® Me With 12-18, Cognis GmbH) and 15 g of a 25%aqueous solution phosphonoacetate potassium. The mixture is installed in the vacuum of 300 mbar and slowly heated under stirring up to 180ºC. After removal of the water vigorously started the reaction at a temperature of approximately 140 to 150 º C. After removal of the first large portions of methanol vacuum slowly reduced to less than 1 mbar and the reaction mixture is passed under these conditions for a further 3-4 hours. Upon completion of the reaction of the ester cooled without further purification.

Output: approximately 670 g of ester.

Appearance: clear yellowish liquid with an oily smell.

PH value: 6.2.

Figure 1 shows MALDI spectrum of the product.

Example 2

506 g (471 g, active, and 0.4 mol.) product accession 20 moles of ethylene oxide to sucrose mixed with 129 g (0.4 mol) of a compound methyl ester of sunflower (Edenor® Me SU, Cognis GmbH) and 15 g of a 25%aqueous solution phosphonoacetate potassium. The mixture is placed under a vacuum of 300 mbar and heated slowly with stirring to 180ºC. After removal of water, the reaction began vigorously at a temperature of approximately 140 to 150 º C. After removal of the first large portions of methanol vacuum was slowly decreased to less than 1 mbar and the reaction mixture is passed under these conditions for a further 3-4 hours. Upon completion of the reaction of the ester cooled without further purification.

Output: approximately 580 g hard what about the ether.

Appearance: clear yellowish liquid with an oily smell.

PH value: 7.4.

Figure 2 provides a MALDI spectrum of the product.

Example 3

EU composition oxyfluorfen

Table 1 shows the composition of the EU, comprising oxyfluorfen. The composition is a clear liquid and 5% by weight of an emulsion in water, is stable for at least 24 hours with no tendency to crystallization.

Table 1
EU composition (amounts in % by weight)
Oxyfluorfen27,0
Agnique AMD 81063,0
Agnique ABS 65 46,0
Dowanol DPM2,0
Sucrose+AS+RO tetralet2,0

Example 4

SL-composition of glyphosate

Table 2 shows the composition SL-composition comprising glyphosate. The composition is a clear liquid and 5% by weight emulsion in water resistant at least 24 hours with no tendency to crystallization.

Table 2
SL composition (amounts in % by weight)
Glyphosate IPA salt36,0
Sucrose+UEO octanoate/decanoate15,0
Water100

Example 5

The EU part of tebuconazole

Table 3 shows the composition of the EU composition comprising glyphosate. The composition is a clear liquid and 5% by weight of the emulsion stable in water at least 3 hours with no tendency to crystallization.

Table 3
EU-composition (amounts in % by weight)
Tebuconazole technical.20,0
Sucrose+EO tetralet10,0
A mixture of dimethylamine fatty acids70,0

Example 6

The EU is a mixture of herbicide

Table 4 shows the composition of the EU composition comprising glyphosate. The composition is a clear liquid and 5% by weight of the emulsion stable in water at least 24 hours with no tendency to crystallization.

Table 4
EU composition (amounts in % by weight)
Desmedipham+phenmedipham+ethofumesate27,0
Agnique ® AMD 1035,0
Agnique ® ME 61018,0
Agnique ® ABS 65 46,0
Dowanol® DPM2,0
Saharasia+RO tetralet2,0

1. Agrochemical composition which includes
(a) biocides and
(b) products alkoxysilane esters of di - and/or oligosaccharides.

2. The composition according to claim 1, characterized in that the biocides (component a) selected from the group consisting of insecticides, herbicides or fungicides.

3. The composition according to claim 1, characterized in that the biocides (component a) selected from the group consisting of acifluorfen, glyphosate, tebuconazole, desmedipham, phenmedipham, ethofumesate and mixtures thereof.

4. The composition according to claim 1, characterized in that the products alkoxysilane (component b) are addition products of ethylene oxide and/or propylene oxide to esters of di - and/or oligosaccharide selected from the group consisting of sucrose, maltose, maltotriose and degradation products of cellulo is s, starches or sugar industry waste

5. The composition according to claim 1, characterized in that the products alkoxysilane (component b) are addition products average 1-100 moles of ethylene oxide and/or 1-100 moles of propylene oxide to esters of di - and/or oligosaccharides.

6. The composition according to claim 1, characterized in that the products alkoxysilane (component b) are addition products of ethylene oxide and/or propylene oxide to C6-C22esters of di - and/or oligosaccharide fatty acids.

7. The composition according to claim 1, characterized in that the products alkoxysilane (component b) are addition products on average 10-50 moles of ethylene oxide and/or 1-10 moles of propylene oxide to a saturated or unsaturated C8-C18esters of sucrose.

8. The composition according to claim 1, characterized in that the product alkoxysilane (component b) is a sucrose +10EO octanoate/decanoate or sucrose +40EO+6PO tetralet.

9. The composition according to claim 1, characterized in that it includes
(a) 10-50% by weight biocide,
(b) 1-20% by weight of products alkoxysilane esters of di - and/or oligosaccharides and
(c) from 0 to 80% by weight of auxiliary agents,
provided that the number of supplemented water to 100% by weight.

10. Composition according to any one of paragraphs. 1-9, characterized in that it includes as necessary the selected component (c) auxiliary agents, selected from the group consisting of dialkylamide fatty acids, fatty acids, fatty alcohols, polyglycolide ethers of fatty alcohols, end polyglycolide esters of fatty alcohols and alkoxysilane vegetable oils, alkylated benzosulfimide, alkylated sulfates, alkylarylsulfonates, esters of citric acid ethoxylated fatty alcohols and fatty or monoglycerides of fatty acids.

11. The use of products alkoxysilane esters of di - and/or oligosaccharides as solvents or emulsifiers to obtain the agrochemical compositions according to claim 1.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biocides. A synergic antimicrobial composition contains: (a) hydroxymethyl-substituted phosphorus-containing compound, which represents tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium salt; and (b) cis-1-(3-chloroallyl)-3,5,7-triaza-1-azonium-adamantane chloride. A weight ratio of (a) and (b) in the composition constitutes from 15:1 to 1:15. To inhibit growth of microorganisms in a medium, which has a temperature at least 60°C and content of sulphides at least 4 ppm, the said composition is added.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase the composition activity.

10 cl, 2 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

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30 cl, 3 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

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3 cl, 7 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The herbicidal composition contains as active ingredients (a) a herbicidal benzoylpyrazole compound of formula (I) or a salt thereof: , where R1 is an alkyl or cycloalkyl, R2 is a hydrogen atom or an alkyl, R3 is an alkyl, R4 is an alkyl, haloalkyl or similar, R5 is a hydrogen atom, alkyl or similar, R6 is a haloalkyl, halogen or similar and A is an alkylene substituted with an alkyl, and (b) another herbicidal compound.

EFFECT: invention increases weed control effectiveness.

10 cl, 144 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

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EFFECT: invention enables realise said purpose.

13 cl, 5 tbl, 4 ex

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EFFECT: invention provides growth inhibition or control of growth of microorganisms.

6 cl, 5 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

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10 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

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EFFECT: inhibiting growth or controlling growth of microorganisms in construction material when said synergetic antimicrobial composition is added.

7 cl

FIELD: chemistry.

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EFFECT: invention increases efficiency.

8 cl

FIELD: chemistry.

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EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase impact efficiency.

27 cl, 8 tbl, 6 ex

FIELD: farm industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to veterinary science. The remedy for animal parasites control contains phenylpyrazole of formula

where X means C-R1; R1 and R3, independently of each other, mean a halogen; R2 means a haloalkyl with 1 - 3 carbon atoms; R4 means a residue of formula ; R5 means -S(=O)CF3; R6 and R7 mean NH2; Y means =S; additionally, the remedy contains a pyrethroid such as α-cyanopyrethroid or Type 1 pyrethroid. Additionally, the composition contains: an aliphatic cyclic carbonate; an aliphatic cyclic or acyclic polyether representing a derivative of diols having up to 8 carbon atoms; a compound ether of a diatomic or triatomic alcohol having up to three carbon atoms and organic fatty acids having from 6 to 18 carbon atoms and pharmaceutically acceptable auxiliary or additional substances. The remedy is used for production of animal parasites control medicines.

EFFECT: invention allows to enhance administration efficiency and safety.

7 cl, 3 tbl, 8 ex

Organic compounds // 2370035

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: granular bait, designed for house flies control inside rooms and in animal stalls, depositories for forage and sanitary installations, comprises one or several agents, intended for insect killing, selected from the group, comprising imidacloprid, thiamethoxam and fipronil in the quantity of 0.01 to 5%; one or several attractants, selected from the group, comprising muscalure, hexalure, medlure, vanillin, terpineol, farnesol, geraniol, phenylethanol and cis-9-tricosene in the quantity of 0.001 to 0.5%; one or several feed components, selected from the variety, comprising lactose, maltose and glucose in the quantity of 0 to 25%; and one or several fillers, selected from the group, comprising sucrose, fructofuranose and glucopyranose in the quantity of 0 to 90%; all components are specified on composition weight basis, where granulate size is 1 and to 5 mm. Ingredients are mixed, water is sprayed on the mix during the granulation process, wet screening is carried out and drying or dry screening is carried out.

EFFECT: invention enables to produce hydrophobial product.

12 cl, 1 ex

FIELD: insecticides.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to insecticide compositions containing one or more compounds of formulae 2-11 with inhibitor activity against acyl-CoA or salts thereof as active ingredients. Said compounds have insecticide activity against pest nymph.

EFFECT: insecticides of improved safety and effectiveness.

2 cl, 3 ex, 9 dwg

FIELD: organic chemistry, agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to incecticidal/acaricidal agent of synergetic action having general formula I wherein W, Y and Z are independently hydrogen or C1-C4-alkyl; A and B together with carbon atom to which they are bonded form C3-C6-cycloalkyl monosubstituted with C1-C4-alkoxyl; G is carbon or -COOR, wherein R is C1-C4-flkyl and compound selected from group containing chloropyriphos, oxydimenton methyl, acephat, methiocarb, thiocarb, pyrimicarb in synergic ratio.

EFFECT: agent of high efficiency to control pests and mites.

2 cl, 8 tbl, 7 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, herbicides.

SUBSTANCE: invention describes a synergetic composition with the effective content of components (A) and (B) wherein (A) means herbicide chosen from the group of compounds of the formula (I): wherein R1, R2, R, X, Y and Z have values given in the invention claim or their salts; (B) means one or some herbicides among the following groups: (B1) selective herbicides with activity in some dicotyledonous cultures against monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous weeds; (B2) selective herbicides with activity in some dicotyledonous cultures against dicotyledonous weeds; (B3) selective herbicides with activity in some dicotyledonous cultures with preferable effect against monocotyledonous weeds. Also, invention describes a method for control against weeds using the proposed composition. Using the combination of proposed herbicides results to the synergetic effect.

EFFECT: valuable herbicide properties of composition.

3 cl, 7 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, insecticides.

SUBSTANCE: invention describes insecticide composition comprising the active amount of one pyridine compound of the formula (I)

or its salt wherein Y represents halogenalkyl group comprising from 1 to 2 carbon atoms and halogen atoms from 1 to 5; m = 0; Q represents compound of the formula:

wherein X represents oxygen atom; R1 and R2 represent independently hydrogen atom, alkyl group comprising from 1 to 6 carbon atoms and substituted with cyan-group, and one insecticide taken among carbofuran, carbosulfan, cipermethrin, bifentrin, acetamiprid, chlorfauazuron, fluphenoxuron, piriproxiphen, spinosad, emamectine benzoate, avermectin, buprophezin and fipronil taken in the weight ratio of compound of the formula (I) and other insecticide = from 1:2 to 100:1. The composition provides stable and strong effect and eradicates insects.

EFFECT: strong insecticide effect of composition.

4 cl, 11 tbl, 5 ex

FIELD: herbicides, agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention describes a herbicide composition comprising components in the following their contents, g/l: phenmedifam, 30-160; desmedifam, 30-160; mixture of non-ionogenic and anion-active surface-active substance, 150-350; liquid carboxylic acid amide, 20-200; co-solvent, 30-300; citric acid, 2-6; 1-phenyl-(1,2,4-triazole-4-yl)urea, 2-20; solvent, the balance, up to 1 l. The composition can comprise additionally ethofumezat in the amount 30 g/l. Invention provides the development of herbicide composition based on phenmedifam and desmedifam possessing the enhanced herbicide activity that allows reducing doses of preparations in their consumptions.

EFFECT: improved herbicide activity of composition.

2 cl, 2 tbl, 1 ex

The invention relates to the field of plant protection products that can be used against weeds in tolerant or resistant crops sugar beet and which as a herbicide biologically active substances contain a combination of two or more herbicides

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biocides. Biocidal composition contains gluteraldehide and biocidal oxazolidine compound. To realise control over microorganisms in water or water-containing system in the process of oil or gas extraction the system is processed with composition, containing gluteraldehide and biocidal oxazolidine compound. Oxazolidine compound represents 4,4-dimethyloxazolidine. Weight ratio of gluteraldehide to 4,4-dimethyloxazolidine is in the range from 6:1 to 1:9. Oxazolidine compound represents 7-ethylbicyclooxazolidine. Weight ratio of gluteraldehide to 7-ethylbicyclooxazolidine is in the range from 20:1 to 1:20. Water or water-containing system contains sulfides. Microorganisms to be eliminated represent sulfate-reducing bacteria.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase efficiency of control over microorganisms in water or water-containing systems, such as systems, detected in the process of oil or natural gas extraction.

3 cl, 7 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The herbicidal composition contains as active ingredients (a) a herbicidal benzoylpyrazole compound of formula (I) or a salt thereof: , where R1 is an alkyl or cycloalkyl, R2 is a hydrogen atom or an alkyl, R3 is an alkyl, R4 is an alkyl, haloalkyl or similar, R5 is a hydrogen atom, alkyl or similar, R6 is a haloalkyl, halogen or similar and A is an alkylene substituted with an alkyl, and (b) another herbicidal compound.

EFFECT: invention increases weed control effectiveness.

10 cl, 144 tbl

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