Bench for energy exchange research in case of man-made implementation

FIELD: testing equipment.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to testing equipment, to tests of mostly samples of rocks. The bench comprises a base, sample grips installed on it coaxially, a device to load a sample with an axial mechanical load, a mechanism for interaction with the sample, a platform for movement of the mechanism along the axis of the grips, a platform for movement of the mechanism in the vertical direction perpendicularly to the axis of the grips and a platform for movement of the mechanism in the horizontal direction perpendicularly to the axis of the grips. The mechanism for interaction with the sample is made as milling.

EFFECT: expansion of functional capabilities of a bench by provision of research with gradual removal of material sample without removal of mechanical load.

1 dwg

 

The invention relates to test equipment, the testing mainly of rock samples.

Known to stand for the study of energy exchange of the anthropogenic introduction (RF patent No. 1793311, CL G01N 3/08, 1992)containing the base coaxially installed in the grips of a sample, a device for loading sample axial mechanical load, the mechanism for interaction with the sample, the platform moving mechanism perpendicular to the axis of seizures.

The lack of stand is that it is not feasible tests with the gradual removal of the sample material without removing the mechanical load.

Known to stand for the study of energy exchange of the anthropogenic introduction (RF patent No. 1837200, CL G01N 3/08, 1993)containing the base coaxially installed in the grips of a sample, a device for loading sample axial mechanical load, the mechanism for interaction with the sample, the platform moving mechanism perpendicular to the axis of seizures.

The lack of exposition is that it is not feasible tests with the gradual removal of the sample material without removing the mechanical load.

Known to stand for the study of energy exchange of the anthropogenic introduction (RF patent No. 2367925, CL G01N 3/08, 2009)adopted for the prototype. The stand comprises a base, coaxially installed in the grips of what were acquired, device for loading sample axial mechanical load, the mechanism for interaction with the sample, the platform moving mechanism along the axis of the grippers, the platform moving mechanism in a vertical direction perpendicular to the axis of the grippers and the platform to move the mechanism in a horizontal direction perpendicular to the axis of seizures.

The lack of exposition is that it is not feasible tests with the gradual removal of the sample material without removing the mechanical load. It is not possible to investigate the energy balance of the anthropogenic introduction of a mountain range when mining machines gradually take out the rock mass. This leads to the redistribution of loads on the elements of the array, and under certain conditions, the speed of the energy supply due to growth stresses exceeds the rate of energy dissipation, which creates a dangerous dynamic effects of destruction. Insufficient functionality of existing stands do not allow for such experimental research.

The technical result of the invention is to enhance the functionality of the stand by providing research with the gradual removal of the sample material without removing the mechanical load.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that the stand for research of energy is BMENA the anthropogenic introduction, contains the base coaxially installed in the grips of a sample, a device for loading sample axial mechanical load, the mechanism for interaction with the sample, the platform moving mechanism along the axis of the grippers, the platform moving mechanism in a vertical direction perpendicular to the axis of the grippers and the platform to move the mechanism in a horizontal direction perpendicular to the axis of the gripper according to the invention, the mechanism for interaction with the sample is made milling.

Figure 1 shows a scheme of the stand, top view (1A) and side (Fig.1b).

The test facility for the investigation of energy exchange of the anthropogenic introduction contains a base 1, coaxially installed on it grips 2, 3 sample 4, the device for 5 loading sample axial mechanical load, the mechanism 6 for interaction with the sample, the platform 7 to move the mechanism along the axis of the grippers, the platform 8 to move the mechanism in the vertical direction perpendicular to the axis of the grippers and the platform 9 to move the mechanism in a horizontal direction perpendicular to the axis of seizures.

The mechanism 6 for interaction with the sample is made milling.

Mechanism 6 provided with a rotation drive 10. Platforms 7, 8, 9 are driven by respective screw devices move with the arms 11, 12, 13. Give the TWT 5 loading sample performed hydraulic and has a hydraulic cylinder with a piston and a pumping station (not shown).

The device operates as follows.

With the help of the device 5 load 4 sample axial mechanical load of a specified value. For machining the upper (in the drawing) surface of the sample 4 installation mount the circuit shown in Fig.1. Include the actuator 9 and operate a milling mechanism 6. Rotation of the handle 12 moves the platform 8 down in a vertical direction perpendicular to the axis of the grips, lead mechanism 6 into contact with the surface of the sample and make the sample in the recess of a given depth. The rotation of the arm 11 moves the platform 7 along the axis of the grips and extend the notch in the sample to a specified size by the length of the sample. For machining the bottom (drawing) of the sample surface installation is mounted so that the mechanism 6 in contact with the bottom (drawing) surface of the sample. Processing of the sample is carried out in a similar way. For machining side (in the drawing) of the sample surface side of the cutter mechanism 6 is changed on the end, and to perform the notches in the sample arm 13 moves the platform 9 with the mechanism 6 in the horizontal direction to the sample surface perpendicular to the axis of the grips. Processing of the sample is the same as described above. Remounting the installation is carried out by movement of the platforms 7, 8, 9 without changing the milling is eskay load.

The facility provides research in the new environment with the gradual removal of the sample material without removing the mechanical load that extends the functionality stands for the study of energy exchange of the anthropogenic introduction of a mountain range.

The test facility for the investigation of energy exchange of the anthropogenic introduction, containing the base coaxially installed in the grips of a sample, a device for loading sample axial mechanical load, the mechanism for interaction with the sample, the platform moving mechanism along the axis of the grippers, the platform moving mechanism in a vertical direction perpendicular to the axis of the grippers and the platform to move the mechanism in a horizontal direction perpendicular to the axis of the grippers, wherein the mechanism for interaction with the sample is made milling.



 

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