Method of growing linen flax

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method of growing linen flax comprises the main autumn and spring presowing treatment of soil, seed treatment, planting and treatment of crops. The crops are treated in phase "herringbone" at the plant height of 3-12 cm with the aqueous solution of the biologically active substance "Floravit ®" in an amount of 1·10-4 g/l with a flow rate of working fluid of 200-400 l/ha.

EFFECT: invention enables to improve crop yield of the culture and quality of the obtained flax product.

3 tbl

 

1. The technical field

The invention relates to the field of agriculture, and is intended for crop production, namely for the effective cultivation of flax, the main varieties of flax, cultivated in Russia for use as a valuable vegetable raw materials for the textile and paint industries (Len. Big illustrated encyclopedia. M, AST-ASTRUM. 2010, page 287). The method is carried out by fall and spring tillage, seed treatment, pre-emergence harrowing and caring for the crops, including the processing of crops biologically active substance, when as a dietary stimulants used feed additive (CD) "Floravit®1·10-4g/l at a flow rate of the working fluid 200-400 l/ha

2. The level of technology

Known application of protective-stimulating composition "Ecost" for seed and processing crops. "Ecost" is used in conjunction with herbicides, insecticides, and micronutrients, for the cultivation of flax and other crops, including soil, preplant seed and others (Crop production. Edited by Professor Vasiliev P.P. M., "Kolos". 1975).

The closest analogue of the claimed proposal adopted as its prototype, is a method of growing flax, including sennyu and spring tillage, seed treatment, the harrowing of the soil, care for the crops and their processing succinic acid at the rate of 1-10 g/ha (RU # 2216922, CL 01G 1/00, AS 21/00, 01N 61/00, 19.03.2002,).

The disadvantage of the prototype is the relatively high cost, complexity, preparation of solutions for processing, especially in combination with other plant protection, at a high rate and the use of succinic acid.

3. Disclosure of inventions

The problem to which the invention is directed, is to increase the yield and quality of flax.

This object is achieved in that a method of growing flax includes spraying flax plants in phase fir trees, at a height of plants 3-12 cm, biologically active substance, which is used as feed additive "Floravit®1·10-4g/l, at a flow rate of the working fluid 200-400 l/ha

4. The implementation of the method

The method was performed as follows.

The predecessor of flax in deviationfrom crop rotation was white mustard seeds. Autumn held the main plowing unit type MTW 12+21+UNIA 2+1 (plow working small). Spring harrowing - closure moisture unit MTZ 80+BSD - 1,0, cultivation MTZ-80+ZBC - 300.

Before sowing the seeds of flax were subjected to air-heat treatment - heating for 35 days and was protravlivanie 80% TMTD. For sowing began when the soil is warmed at a depth of 10 cm up to 6-8 degrees. C. the seeding Rate established in the amount of 22-24 million viable seeds per 1 ha, which corresponds to the seeding rate resistant to lodging varieties of plants. Sowing produced by the unit MT3-80+AMAZON D 9-30.

CD "Floravit®was sprayed into a phase of "Christmas tree" with the concentration of drug 1·10-4g/l, the area of plots 1 m2the location is randomized, the experiment was repeated 4 times.

CD "Floravit®is a complex of biologically active substances, is the producer of which is a fungus, Fusarium Sambusinum Fuckel F-3051D. The drug is derived from a biologically active food Supplement "Floravit®" (aqueous solution) by means of additional pasteurization and addition of preservative sodium benzoate. CD "Floravit®" contains organic acids (0,1-0,2%), polysaccharides (0,04-0,05%), sodium benzoate (0.1%) and water (to 100%). CD "Floravit®registered on April 27, 2011, the certificate of state registration account series 77-2-4.1-4863, registration No. PTS-2-4.1/02705.

The soil is loamy sod-podzolic, agrogenic, the density of soil - 1,53 g/cm, the content of humus (Tyurin) to 2.5%, P2O5(Kirsanov) - of 17.0 mg/100 g, K2O (Maslova) - 9.5 mg/100 g, N legkogidrolizuemihkh (Tyurin) - 5.0 mg/100 g, the absorption capacity and 19.4 mgecw/100 g, the amount of exchangeable bases of 9.7 mgecw/100,/p>

As research object selected varieties of flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) - Antey (bred Pskov agricultural research Institute), Toast-5 (shown Sibniizkhim RAAS), all the seeds category PCT.

Before sowing, the soil was made complex fertilizer "Kemira field of 10, based on nitrogen (kg/ha A.I), contents: N - 11.8, P2O - 12; K2O - 25; S - 0,7; Sa - 0,55; 0,09; Fe - 0,16; Zn - 0,09; Mo - 0,008; Si 0,08.

For both used varieties of flax obtained similar results in almost all measured parameters. Research conducted at the field experimental station by rsau-MTAA named after K.A.Timiryazev.. The results of the experiments are shown in table 1 and table. 2.

5. Technical results

Technical results stated suggestions are to increase the yield of flax on 11-35%. At the same time improved characteristics of the plant.

In table 3 shows the growth yield of flax varieties of Toast 5" and "Antey".

Table 3
Index% of growth "Toast 5" Floravit ®% of growth "Antey" Floravit ®
Yield lineolate 22,2511,16
Yield trusts15,2234,99
The yield of fiber24,0of 14.28
Yield29,03of 14.28

The method of growing flax, including main autumn and spring preplant soil treatment, seed treatment and sowing, wherein spend processing of crops in a phase of "Christmas trees" at the height of plants 3-12 cm aqueous solution of biologically active substances "Floravit®1·10-4g/l with normal flow of the working fluid 200-400 l/ha



 

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