Agricultural complex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: agricultural complex consists of a greenhouse, poultry farm and the termite mound. The termite mound comprises the engine, in which conveyors, placed in growing tubes, helically laid on the surface of the sphere of the engine, the capsules are placed with termites placed in them. The capsules are made with the ability while rotation of the sphere about its central vertical axis to increase their mass. The termite mound comprises individual modules: control unit of performance, unit of liberation from substandard crew, incubator, garden of mushrooms, nursery-garden of preparation of breeders, hall of swarming, unit of crew designation and environmental chamber made with the ability to ensure continuity of reproduction of termites. The termite mound modules are equipped with communication means, transport and handling capsules organically combining natural habitat features of termites and modern technology due to interaction with the automated control system of the complex. Tops of plants growing in the greenhouse is the basis of the nutrient solution for termites, part of the larvae and substandard crews are food for birds at a poultry farm, and for these purposes in the greenhouse and poultry farm the appropriate blocks are provided.

EFFECT: expansion of range of technical means and increase in efficiency, saving of energy.

5 dwg

 

The invention relates to structures protected ground, suitable primarily for areas of risky agriculture, degraded land and scarcity of energy sources.

Known greenhouse-desalination power plant operating on the basis of the interaction of growing plants and pulses polymeric hydrogel [1].

The disadvantage of this engine is a slow-growing mass of plants in the pipeline, as well as the need of plants for - intense lighting.

In the proposed complex instead of plants used termites with high rates of reproduction. For example, female Suriname termite may 28 hours delay 3000 eggs [2]. Every two seconds a female lays eggs continuously, day and night [3]. And all this happens in complete darkness.

In conveyors of the engine, placed in the rearing tubes, spiral laid on the surface of a sphere, installed capsules placed in them by the termites made by means of the rotation of the sphere around its Central vertical axis to increase its mass.

Termite besides the engine, contains a number of modules: control efficiency point release capsules from substandard crews, incubator, mushroom garden, vineyard training of producers, hall of swarming, vs the CT acquisition crews and klimatron, that provides continuous, reliable reproduction of termites, and modules equipped with means of communication, transport and manipulation capsules combining natural features habitat termites and modern technology, thanks to the interaction with an automated control system (ACS) complex, where the link provides information from sensors installed on separate modules, and transmitting commands to the actuators, remote-controlled with an automatic control system in accordance with the computer program.

The tops of the plants growing in the greenhouse, is the basis of the nutrient solution for termites and larvae and substandard crews termites are the main food for birds in a poultry farm, and therefore in a greenhouse equipped with the block of preparation of the nutrient solution, and the farm - cormorant.

In addition, the termite is adjacent klimataria ensuring constant temperature and humidity and air regime required for termite and other elements of agriculture. Posted by he's in the same module with ACS.

All designs are made of termite dermatoscopic materials, and the termite is securely isolated from the external environment.

The capsule consists of two compartments: the upper, where producers and worker termites, and the bottom, where larvae and ulog who are mushrooms, which feed on the larvae. Between these compartments is horizontally installed partition with a slight indentation in the middle for draining down the nutrient solution and the raised part at the edges with holes through which the roll of larvae in the lower Bay. Capsule top and bottom provided with a pivotally attached lid and locking remotely recorded with ACS devices. In addition, the cover above the upper cover is provided by cablesystem that collects drops of nutrient solution drips of mud channel, located in the rearing pipe over the capsules, and has a funnel shape with a hole in the center.

Since outgrown pipe down in a spiral around the sphere down, the capsules are in the holders with some deviation from the Central vertical axis and therefore nutrient solution flows in the capsule to one Board deepening partitions, where the worker termites collected solution for your nutrition and feeding females, which at that time itself is not able to eat [2].

The surface of the capsule is equipped with a membrane material, whereby excess moisture is removed from the capsule while the capsule flows [4]. Therefore, the mass of the capsule during the passage in the rearing of the pipe increases due to the dry residue of the nutrient solution and the weight of the larvae.

In in the rhna the lid of the capsule there are openings for the supply of fresh oxygen-rich air from the klimatron and for the extraction of exhaust air from the capsule. To avoid the concentration of ammonia in the termite supposed to use control sensors associated with ACS and ensure that ventilation [5].

The process of termite is as follows:

In the top window of the engine in the pipeline enter the capsule, equipped with producers, workers, termites and fungi, where it passes in rearing the pipe to the bottom of the window motor.

After completion of the drilling capsule is extracted from the bottom of the window and sent to the control point, where free from larvae found in the lower compartment of the capsule, the bulk of which are weighed on electronic scales, and then larvae send in the incubator.

If this mass will be appropriate to the established norm, the capsule send in a mushroom garden, where it is filled with fresh mushrooms, putting them in the bottom compartment of the capsule, and then sent to the pick point, where, if necessary, join the crew capsule new work termites, and then sent to the engine for re-passage in the pipeline.

If the weight of the larvae at the weigh-in at the checkpoint will be insufficient, then the capsule is sent to the point of release from the crew, where producers and workers termites removed from the capsule and sent to cormorant poultry, and empty capsule sent at the beginning in the garden areas rich in mushrooms is to fill it with mushrooms, and then in the hall of swarming for placement in her new producers.

Larvae caught in the incubator, undergo natural selection, when they grow up, overcome certain obstacles and become a full-fledged worker termites, and under the necessary conditions cranes with grab hooks are loaded on televator to send in cormorant.

In turn, among the workers of the termite is the selection of applicants for the role of producers, which is directed to the preparation of the vineyard, where eventually, after growing their wings, at some point, the males and females are in the hall of swarming, where they mate in flight and then fill one of the empty capsules for reproduction. Such capsules from the hall of swarming is sent to the pick point of the crews, where fill worker termites, and then in the top box of the engine, after which the cycle repeats.

At all points in the engine operating termites perform their natural processes, such as selection of manufacturers, the production of mushrooms, feeding females, but such processes as the provision of climate services are offered by modern technical means. The movement of the capsules, their opening and closing within the termite provide cranes, equipped with grab hooks, relevatory, hoists podjemniki in accordance with the algorithm founded in ACS.

Upon release capsules from substandard crew crane rotates it 180, and when loading mushrooms - 90. In both cases, covers capsules be opened using the locking device after the corresponding pulse with ACS. After loading the capsules with mushrooms and worker termites for the objective evaluation of the reproductive termites capsule is weighed in the garden of mushrooms and item picking crews.

Figure 1 shows the diagram of interactions between agriculture (the effective work of the crew - if ineffective); figure 2 - is a longitudinal section of the capsule in the rearing pipe; figure 3 is a longitudinal section of the engine; figure 4 is a locking device of the lower compartment of the capsule in the open position of the cover; figure 5 - the same, in the closed position of the lid.

Figure 1 shows an engine 1, control point 2, paragraph exemption from recogizing crew 3, incubator 4, garden mushrooms 5, vineyard 6, hall 7 swarming, the pick point of the carriages 8, cormorant 9, the preparation chamber of the nutrient solution 10, klimatron, combined with ACS 11, 12 and poultry greenhouse 13.

Figure 2 and 3 shows the capsule 14, installed in the holder 15, moved in rearing the pipe 16 of the engine, the lugs 17 of the holder, the thrust of the spring 18, the mounting springs 19, rastvoroprovod 20, 21 dropper, drop 22 of the nutrient solution, capieshenik 23, the upper cover 2 capsules, the bottom cover 25, the upper compartment 26 of the capsule, the lower compartment 27 with larvae and mushrooms, female, 28, a worker termite 29, the partition 30 between the compartments, the opening 31 in the partition for the passage of the larvae, the locking device 32, the hinge 33 covers.

Figs.4 and 5 show the locking device 32 located between the upper compartment 26 and the cover 25 of the lower compartment 27 in which is mounted a latch 34, which is the notch 35 of the upper compartment 26, which also has two notches 36 for electromagnetic suction cups 37, is made of elastic material, and the bottom cover fixed electromagnets 38, after which the corresponding pulse with ACS, which, acting on the metal valve 39, releases the air from the suction Cup 37 and presses the suction Cup to the polished surface of the electromagnet 38, rigidly secures the lower compartment 25 with the upper compartment 26.

For it is released using the electromagnet 40, after which pulse with ACS attracts the suction Cup 37 using below him spring 41, by opening the valve 39. Similarly fixed and the top cover 24.

To exclude the possibility of breaking a given rhythm of the engine associated with possible fluctuations caused by the activities of individual crews termites, a system for loading a separate capsules after weighing at the point of picking the crew is in the tank with a certain reserve cells and delivering them to the top of the window motor relevation. Similarly organized discharge capsules from the bottom of the window motor in empty containers.

Figure 3 also shows the equipment engine: nursery pipe 16, a return pipe 42, the bearings 43, which has a Central vertical axis 44 of the sphere, the upper window 45, the lower window 46, the bottom layer 47, the upper layer 48, moving walkways 49, hoists 50, the valves 51 with grab hooks 52, the capacity of cell - cell 53 with capsules 14 and a scale 54.

Sources used

1. EN 2424404, C1, 2011.

2. Animal life in 7 volumes / CH. edit Vainikolo. Volume 3 / edited Mshilava, Funbrain. - 2nd ed., Rev. - M.: Education, 1984. - 463, P. 166-171.

3. Calloway. War in the Kingdom of termites /per Week, 1967, No. 34.

4. Junior Scrabble, 2009, No. 10, p.3.

5. US 7,842,234. B2, 2010.

Agrocomplex, characterized in that it includes a greenhouse, poultry and termite, including the engine, characterized in that the conveyor motor, placed in the rearing tubes, spiral laid on the surface of a sphere of the engine, installed capsules placed in them by the termites made by means of the rotation of the sphere around its Central vertical axis to increase its mass and individual modules of the termite, such as the control efficiency point of release from substandard crew, incubator, mushroom garden, vineyard preparation production the residents, hall of swarming, item picking crews and klimatron made with the possibility of the continuity of reproduction, termites, and modules equipped with means of communication, transport and manipulation capsules combining natural features habitat termites and modern technology due to interaction with an automated control system is complex, with the tops of the plants growing in the greenhouse, is the basis of the nutrient solution for termites and larvae and substandard crews are food for birds in a poultry farm, and for these purposes in the greenhouse and poultry equipped with the appropriate blocks.



 

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