Device for electromagnetic treatment of water and fluids

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water treatment at boilers and heat exchangers to remove scaling. Proposed device comprises inductors 4 arranged around pipeline 5 and made of diamagnetic material and connected to electromagnetic pulse generators. Every inductor 4 is composed of turns of electrically isolated wire 6. Electronic control unit 1 comprises two galvanically isolated four-channel electromagnetic pulse generators 2, 3 to generate forward and reverse signals. One end of wire 6 of every inductor 4 is connected to one output 8 of every said generator 2. Second end 9 of wire 6 of every inductor 4 is connected to appropriate outlet 10 of another generator of electromagnetic pulses.

EFFECT: efficient descaling, application at large-diameter pipes.

3 cl, 1 dwg

 

Device for magnetic treatment of water and aqueous media can be used for processing fluid in various fields of national economy: for water treatment in boilers and heat exchangers to eliminate scale formation and destruction of previously formed scale.

A device for electromagnetic processing liquid, comprising connected to the electromagnetic pulse generator inductor, coaxially covering the pipeline is made of diamagnetic material (USSR Author's certificate No. 1414785, IPC C02F 1/48, publ. 1988). The known device is used as follows.

Serves fluid through the pipeline and include the electromagnetic pulse generator. Flowing through the inductor current of high frequency creates inside the high-frequency field. Supplied by pipeline fluid flows through the inductor, in which the tension of the vortex electric field component has the largest value. After passing through the inductor, the liquid becomes more active.

A disadvantage of the known device is the low efficiency of the process of electromagnetic processing of liquids, a relatively small capacity, the inability to use in boiler rooms using pipes with a diameter of more than 50-60 mm

Most BL is skim the technical nature, taken as a prototype is a device for electromagnetic processing liquid (a utility model Certificate No. 18068, class C02F 1/48, publ. 20.05.2001), including connected to the electromagnetic pulse generator inductor, coaxially covering the pipeline is made of diamagnetic material. On the pipeline mounted in pairs with gaps relative to each other an even number of inductors, each of which is made in the form of wrapped around the pipeline is electrically insulated wire, one end of which is connected to the electromagnetic pulse generator, with each pair of inductors coils one electrically insulated wire is wound clockwise and the other counterclockwise, and each inductor is not less than 350 asynchronously alternating electromagnetic pulses, the same for all inductors, but shifted relative to each other in time by the amount of 0.01-0.1 s and having a variable time-frequency 100-3000 Hz with intensity the electric field In 10-30/m

The other, opposite to the electromagnetic pulse generator, the end of the inductor is electrically insulated, except for the end of an electrically insulated wire one inductor, which he has electrical contact with the pipeline. Each inductor number of turns electr the Cesky insulated wire is in the range of 10-20 turns, the gap between adjacent coils is in the range of 2-10 refer To the electromagnetic pulse generator is connected to two pairs of inductors. The mechanism of influence on the processed liquid is a reagent-free in nature and is determined by the dynamic magnetic field generated by the emitter.

The disadvantage of this utility model is the low efficiency of the process of electromagnetic processing of aquatic environments in industrial conditions in the pipe diameter more than 50 mm due to insufficient power of radiation.

The objective of the invention:

- incrustation and destruction of previously formed scale, at the expense of the emission spectrum of inductors within the "white noise",

- possibility of use of the device on pipes of large diameters 50-120 mm or more, due to (the result of increase of the radiation power inductors.

This object is achieved as follows. Device for electromagnetic treatment of water and aqueous environments, including connected to the generators of electromagnetic pulses inductors, covering the pipeline is made of diamagnetic material. It includes: electronic unit, including two four-channel galvanically isolated electromagnetic pulse generator that produces direct and inverted signals having a frequency of 0.2-4 kHz and the amplitude of the voltage is of from 100-700 Century Moreover, one end of each inductor is connected to the output of one of the electromagnetic pulse generator, and the second end of each inductor is connected to the output of another generator of electromagnetic pulses, and each inductor number of turns of electrically insulated wire is in the range of 24-48 turns, and the pipeline can be made of different materials: steel, plastic, copper, PVC.

Figure 1 presents a diagram of the device.

Device for electromagnetic treatment of water and aqueous environments consists of an electronic unit 1, including two galvanically isolated-channel generator 2, 3 electromagnetic pulse generating direct and inverted signals. The generators 2,3 electromagnetic pulses connected inductors 4, made of diamagnetic material. The inductors 4 cover the pipe 5. Each of the inductors 4 made in the form of turns of electrically insulated wire 6, one end 7 of the wire 6 of each of the inductor 4 is connected to one of the outputs 8 of the electromagnetic pulse generator 2, and the second end 9 of the wire 6 of each of the inductor 4 is connected to the output 10 of the electromagnetic pulse generator 3. The number of turns of electrically insulated wire 6 in each inductor is in the range of 24-48 turns. Tr is borrowed 5 can be made of different materials: steel, plastic, copper, PVC.

On the pipe 5 are mounted in pairs with gaps relative to each other four pairs of inductors 4. In each pair of coils 4 coils of wire 6 of one of the coils 4 wound clockwise and the other counterclockwise.

The device operates as follows.

Generators 2,3 generate electromagnetic pulses having a frequency of 0.2-4 kHz and the amplitude of the voltage pulses from 200-700, served on the inductors 4. The inductors 4 inside a pipeline 5 create an electromagnetic field with the spectrum of emitted frequencies in the range of 0.2-4 kHz, close to the "white noise". Under the influence of electromagnetic fields created by the coils 4, a modified form of the crystal of cations, calcium and magnesium, i.e. divalent cations of CA2+and Mg2+lose the opportunity to interact with their anions. Converted cations of calcium and magnesium can no longer crystallize between them, thereby to precipitate as scale. The crystals are suspended and are not attached to and don't stick, and the old scale is destroyed and removed by the flow of water.

Increased radiation power inductors achieved by connecting to each inductor outputs of the two generators, one of which produces a straight line, and the other inverted signal is amplitude from 200-700 Century In this regard, the increasing impact zone, which gives the opportunity to apply for pipes with a diameter of more than 50-120 mm

The use of the claimed invention allows to:

- to increase the capacity and efficiency of the device;

- to use the electromagnetic water processing on an industrial scale;

to increase the service life of the protected equipment;

- to reduce average fuel consumption by increasing the heat transfer.

1. Device for electromagnetic treatment of water and aqueous environments, including connected to the generators of electromagnetic pulses inductors, covering the pipeline is made of diamagnetic material, each of the inductors is made in the form of turns of electrically insulated wire, characterized in that the device consists of an electronic unit, including two four-channel galvanically isolated electromagnetic pulse generator that produces direct and inverted signals, and one end of each inductor is connected to one of the outputs of one of the electromagnetic pulse generator, and the second end of each inductor is connected to the output of another electromagnetic pulse generator.

2. Device for electromagnetic treatment of water and aquatic environments according to claim 1, wherein each inductor number what about the turns of electrically insulated wire is in the range of 24-48 turns.

3. Device for electromagnetic treatment of water and aquatic environments according to claim 1, characterized in that the conduit can be made of different materials: steel, plastic, copper, PVC.



 

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