SUBSTANCE: bar module of an off-measurement length is formed by joining the bars of an exact length. The Bars of the exact length are hollow-centered and built-up, having trihedral locks at one or both ends, installed inside of the hollow bar, wherein the base of the trihedral is located from below or from above.
EFFECT: bar weight reduction at provision of its required strength.
The invention relates to the field of construction and can be used not only when laying on solid ground (wall), but also as beams and struts (supports) with variable length required and ordered by project construction under the splice bar-shaped gauge length in the module beams of desired length directly at the construction site.
Known methods of increasing and splicing parts of building structures (A. Shepelev. How to build a farmhouse. M: Rosselchozizdat, 1981, SMS 79...81).
These techniques can be used only for parts of solid section and in raw form for logs-cylinder, requiring adjustments to the desired length by cutting logs and adjusting the length. Details of off-gauge length using the locks can be used as analogue.
The closest analogue of the claimed device can be made of the device, shown at 34, s, A. Shepelev. How to build a farmhouse. M: Rosselchozizdat, 1981. This unit can be taken as a prototype.
The prototype also has disadvantages:
- the impossibility of achieving high-quality drying of timber solid section length without warping and cracking;
- capacity end-to-end with a cylindrical pin can be used only for parts of a continuous slashing the Oia and only for parts, stacked on a solid rigid base (crown), or as a stand not carrying lateral load, and does not allow for joint no gap, respectively, and use it with modern requirements for quality construction.
These disadvantages are not inherent in the stated module Brusova.
The aim of the invention is the creation, by building up without the use of sawing with the fitting and fabrication of the outer end of the locks of any known type, quality dried lightweight and low thermal conductivity of hollow module prosavage off-gauge length, directly on the construction site, the required size and length, parts of a length of hollow beam-rod fitted with a “pin” lock-trihedron installed inside, (void), at one or both ends (the ends), beam-rod, for example beam-rod length equal to one-meter - minimum size used in the construction of houses beam, between the jambs of the Windows.
This goal is achieved by the fact that the module beams with variable length obtained by increasing (splicing) of the beam-rod length, is made hollow and composite, glued from dry lumber (boards) to the required length, starting with a one-meter length, and is equipped with a “pin” lock-trihedron, set the slow inward (void) timber-stud on one or both ends, (the ends), the original timber-rod depending on future conditions of its application. At the same time declared the beams module allows to achieve the following advantages over the prototype:
using the existing technology of drying of sawn timber (planks) eliminates the problem of drying lumber solid section length (six-meter), in which the beam leads, warps and restrictive, which reduces the efficiency of its use, turning a large part of the cross section in a shaving or trimming length;
- splicing timber hollow, provided with a “pin” lock-trihedron ensures the quality of the joint along the edges and its external visual perception using glue and planing;
hollow beam with variable length compared to solid timber section has a low thermal conductivity (heat loss) in the structure and creates a stay;
- weight per meter hollow module prosavage not less than 20% below the mass of the beam solid section;
elements module prosavage off-gauge length - beam length equal to the length of one meter, allows you to use free short lumber and create waste-free production of high quality products.
The proposed module design prosavage shown in figure 1...3. Figure 1 shows a longitudinal view of the junction of the beams module is O. Figure 2 shows a cross-section of the module prosavage “interface” in figure 1. Figure 3 shows the end (end face) of the source element, the beam length is installed inside the “pin” lock-trihedron at one end (the end) and potentially mounted on the other end (the end). Figure 4 shows a view B figure 3. Figure 5 shows a diagram of the cantilever load module prosavage when using it as a beam. Figure 6 shows a cut-In console loaded beams at the joint of figure 5. 7 shows a diagram of a concentrated load applied at the junction module prosavage when using it as a beam. On Fig shows a section of the beam at junction 7.
The beams module consists of a composite hollow beams-rod length 1...n, which are composed of the lateral edges 2, the upper and lower faces 3 and “pins” locks-trekhgrannykh 4 mounted inside the cavity 5 at one or both ends (end faces) of the beam-core 1...n.
In the operation of the module beams of length manifests itself as follows.
When building log cabins of the construction of their walls and walls (partitions) form of six-meter wooden-rod length with application filing and tie-ins with various types of locks and pins, as this raises the need for beam-rod with variable length, not supplied them made the parents.
The proposed module design prosavage effectively solves the problem of not measuring of lengths by continuity of the Assembly process of construction objects without application filing and zapilovki the inset of various known types of locks.
When there is need for the beam-rod with variable length, for example, more than six meters, supplied by the manufacturer, with capacity in one or both sides, right or left, to hollow rod length 1 or “n”equal to one-or six meters and fitted in the cavity 5 for both or one ends (the ends) “pins” locks-trekhgrannykh 4 installed and secured, for example, still in the clamps, zapressovyvajut hollow bars-rods length similar to terminals 1...n, but without the “pins” lock-Tigranian 4 both or one of the ends 6, previously causing the adhesive on the surface of the end faces come into contact and compress the rods-the rods, for example, hydraulic clamps or conventional wedges to ensure the quality of the glue joints. Thus, increasing the beam length, receive module battens required off-gauge length. If the extension beams are supposed to be used as beams, exposure clamps-gluing required. Thus, if the beam is loaded by bending down load “p” is focused and applied in the middle of Alki, put it by the base of the castle-trihedron 4 on the bottom and Vice versa when the load “p” beams on the ends (console). When using glued module prosavage for laying in the crown of the framework exposure clamps bonding is minimal, and the position of the base of the castle-trihedron 4 horizontally at the top or bottom. When ordering a construction project, the manufacturer will supply the whole set of modules beam at the customer's address with marking the place of laying and non crown.
Declared beams module has the following advantages. First, the hollow beams module easier and more convenient in loading, transporting, stacking and migration when using manual labor.
Secondly, the module is placed devoid of internal stresses and moisture, as it is made of dry lumber in comparison with timber, made of whole logs and, as a rule, poorly dried and twisted.
Thirdly, the “pin” lock-trihedron, located in the plane of the greatest tangential stresses module brasavola, allows the latter to use as beams and posts with regard to acting on them loads.
Fourth, thermal conductivity module prosavage times lower than thermal conductivity of a continuous beam that creates economic effect materialstrategy on fuel and comfortable is be in the room.
Fifthly, there is a one hundred percent use of building materials in the construction site of the customer (waste production), since the buildings are of timber is the element module prosavage minimum length equal to the minimum distance between the jambs of the window, up in the conditions of building in the module with variable length required at a specific moment for installation on a specific location of the structure.
The declared module beams with variable length patent satisfies the criterion of “novelty”, as it has significant distinguishing features of the prototype. Meets also patent the criterion of “substantial differences”because the applicants neither patent nor in the technical literature is not detected, the device with the properties characteristic of the claimed device.
The economic effect from the use of this device during construction of timber will be expressed primarily in improving the stabilization of the comfort of living conditions in these objects, as well as in increasing the efficiency of working conditions.
Module beams with variable length, formed by splicing of bars length, characterized in that the bars gauge length is made hollow and a compound having one or both ends of the locks-trekhgrannykh installed inside the I beam, while the basis of the trihedron is located below or above.
SUBSTANCE: crowns are set, walls made of wooden units are mounted and roof is installed in the method of construction and assembly of wooden houses, buildings, structures. Binding is mounted preliminary, the upper and lower rims are connected with vertical racks to form the frame, besides the vertical racks, walls and roof are made from wooden units designed in the form of three boards of the same size, connected in such a manner that they form tenon and groove by length and width. Wooden units of upper and lower rims during the assembly are oriented so that the tenons of wooden units of vertical racks enter into the grooves of wooden units of rims, wall installation is carried out by filling the frame with wooden units, inserting the tenon of each subsequent wooden unit into the groove of the previous wooden unit.
EFFECT: increase of productivity by simplifying the technology of construction and assembly of structure while ensuring high ecological compatibility and comfort of the constructed building.
2 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the construction, in particular the construction of buildings on permafrost, weak and heaving soils, as well as in seismic zones. The building includes ventilated foundations, walls and cover made with the spatial structure of the core and combined into a single closed fully meshed with slatted frame of diagonally-rod type. The building is erected from the core element by element, of plate and beam elements made of wood materials. Elements are assembled into a single collapsible spatial shield-rod structures bolted through a system of prefabricated moulded node elements with bolt holes. A regular shaped nodal element having a hollow core with four plates attached to it along the outer edges of tetrahedral packing, having a shelf and wall units with bolt holes, adjacent walls being docked with a gap in each of which there is a diagonal tip of the rod member.
EFFECT: technical result is to increase fire resistance and corrosion resistance, to increase portability and expanding field of architectural shaping.
19 cl, 29 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method to erect multi-layer walls includes formation of at least one wall from at least two rows of lengthy elements laid onto each other. Each row is formed by means of coupling of lengthy elements at the angle by means of connecting units. At the same time the connecting unit is made in each lengthy element in the form of at least one lock slot, having depth and width equal to the sum of thicknesses of at least two lengthy elements coupled with it and forming a wall layer. At least one coupled lengthy element is installed with a lock slot upwards, where at least two lengthy elements are laid as coupled with it, from which at least one is laid by the lock slot downwards, and the other one is laid with the lock slot upwards.
EFFECT: reduced labour intensiveness of wall erection process and reduced time for their erection.
12 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: in a wooden building the elements perceiving load are attached to inner side surfaces, limited with structural elements of the building, comprising stands, ties and horizontal elements so that to make it possible to close the front surface of the bearing wall panel on the outer side with front surfaces of structural elements on the outer side and front surface of the adjacent non-bearing wall on the outer side.
EFFECT: improved earthquake stability of a building.
7 cl, 26 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: match-boarding in mating parts is executed by sawing. Half timber and cant are also sawn at log angle joints. Identical sections are made at all joints. In machining, size between dap top and bottom is varied over log length. Peeling is performed in the last turn. Timber falloff is compensated in assembling log house: butt-top, top-butt.
EFFECT: higher efficiency and yield of industrial wood, reduced costs.
5 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method of panels fixation includes arrangement of panels on a surface and their fixation. Fixation of panels with rabbets on the upper and lower sides is carried out bottom-up by application of an adhesive compound onto a surface, where panels are fixed. At first the lower panel is fixed with simultaneous fixation on its upper rabbet of at least two connection elements mounted as protruding beyond the rabbet. The upper panel is installed above the lower panel, pressed to the wall with an adhesive compound and displaced downwards to close rabbets and entrance of protruding parts of connection elements into an upper panel body. Afterwards the upper side along the rabbet is fixed with simultaneous fixation of connection elements for the next upper panel.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to simplify the technology of panels fixation, having increased its reliability and tightness at the same time.
7 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: wooden precast element comprises at least two longitudinal parts joined to each other by embedded joints, and such parts are arranged in parallel at the specified distance from each other. Embedded links are discretely installed along the length of the precast element in oppositely arranged slots of a rectangular cross section, besides, each slot is cut in the middle part of the longitudinal part and is arranged as continuous along its entire length; fibres of the longitudinal part are aligned along the longitudinal axis of the precast unit, and fibres of embedded links are perpendicular to the direction of vertical fibres of the longitudinal part.
EFFECT: increased stiffness of a wooden element and a cladding structure assembled from specified elements.
19 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method of building construction includes the following: preparation of a foundation and attachment of multiple panels to it. Each panel at least partially forms a building wall. The stage of panel attachment to the foundation includes the preliminary stage of attachment at angle sections of the angular panels connection, having at least two parts installed at the angle to each other and attached to each other at one edge. The method also includes the stage of applying marks onto the foundation, which comply with the walls position. Besides, along the marks to the foundation connection elements are attached, so that they are spaced relative to each other by the specified distance.
EFFECT: higher resistance of building panels during their assembly.
8 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: on an upper rib and a coupled end side of a wooden building element there are jointing accessories in the form of two longitudinal combs, and two longitudinal slots are arranged on a lower rib and a coupled end side. End sides of the building element are arranged in the form of wave-bent matched surfaces with inclined upper and lower sections, where bent surfaces are arranged as reversely symmetrical relative to the longitudinal axis of the element. A building wall is erected on a foundation using a wooden building element, end sides of which are coupled with other building elements in walling by imposition of matching wave-bent surfaces one onto the other, combs and slots of which are joined into locks.
EFFECT: higher strength of a wall structure.
22 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: laminate structure includes outer long lamels, which are connected to each other by means of three short inner lamels of the same thickness and width. Length of extreme inner lamels makes 1/6 of outer lamels width, and the middle inner lamel located in the middle of the structure has the length equal to 2/6 of the length of outer lamels. All inner lamels are displaced relative to outer lamels in vertical plane by value equal to S width, and all elements of structure are connected between each other by means of dowel and laminate joint.
EFFECT: better use of low-quality wood and simplified design.
FIELD: building, particularly to construct structures including wooden elements.
SUBSTANCE: method involves drilling holes in timbers, logs and other lumber; piercing timbers, logs and other lumber with transversal ties and tensioning thereof with nuts secured to ties; offsetting timbers, logs and other lumber in groups including two or more timbers, logs and other lumber relative previous ones during building erection so that extensions and depressions are formed in walls; applying glue between timbers, logs and other lumber; installing longitudinal ties in slots and connecting ends of each longitudinal tie not terminating at wall ends with one transversal tie; mounting walls on foundation; connecting all walls, intermediate walls and partitions; packing all joints along with mating extensions of one wall with depressions of another one; pressing all building components together with the use of ties and nuts; passing transversal ties through extensions of walls to be connected; tightening all joints by nuts through resilient members with force application thereto and securing floor, ceiling and roof panels to corbels having orifices for ties receiving. Above panels have vertical holes for ties insertion. Floor and corbel are supported by timbers or logs or other lumber. Walls are connected to foundation, floor, ceiling or roof through resilient members by transversal ties or nuts adapted to move in slots due to wood shrinking or becoming wet.
EFFECT: increased tightness of building joints, strength, reliability, service life, improved ecological safety, quality of building finishing, enhanced appearance, reduced time and cost of building erection.
5 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly timber structures.
SUBSTANCE: timber member includes balks with horizontal and vertical bores, liquid distribution pipe and electric slider. Bores are communicated in vertical and horizontal directions. The main bore extends through the full member length and has closed ends. Vertical bores have opened ends.
EFFECT: increased fire resistance and load-bearing capacity.
FIELD: timber building structures, particularly adapted to erect individual houses, namely in severe Siberian climate with taking into consideration family formation traditions of residential population.
SUBSTANCE: wall comprises inner and outer panels. Each panel is composed of several horizontal elongated timber members laid one upon another and fastened one to another. Inserted between inner and outer panels is heat-insulation material. The panels may be formed of poles and fastened in transversal direction by partitions. The partitions are made of pole cuts. The heat-insulation material is mixture of saw dust with slag or with ashes mixed with limewater.
EFFECT: reduced cost of house erected without the use of special building technique and decreased labor power industrial intake, possibility to use in-site building materials and industrial wood residue, improved ecological safety.
5 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly erection of wooden houses in areas characterized by strong winds.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises steel pre-stressed frame control rods adapted for structure tightening to base by anchoring lower control rod ends in foundation and by connecting upper ends thereof to structure top. The control rods are provided with spring-loaded clutches, which create and regulate tightening force applied to control rods. The control rods are formed of chains, which provide control rod length change for value equal to chain length. Upper control rod ends are connected to upper parts of roof timbers connected to log house. Spring-loaded clutch formed of steel pipe is provided with manual regulation lever, orifice for above lever installation and disc spring set.
EFFECT: prevention of stability losses and separation of joints between log house timber sets under the action of strong wind and as a result of natural log house shrinkage.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly to erect buildings of elongated timber members.
SUBSTANCE: building wall includes profiled beams laid one on another and provided with dovetail spikes formed on beam surfaces. The beams create inner and outer vertical wall rows. Opposite beams of each row are mutually displaced in vertical plane and interlocked with each other by means of spikes created along inner joining surfaces thereof so that elongated labyrinth joint is formed. The labyrinth joint provides good thermal insulation of the wall.
EFFECT: improved service characteristics due to wind-resistant joints creation without the use of heating materials, reduced source material costs due to usage of building structure, which provides necessary thickness of wall formed of thin beams, as well as reduced costs of beam production and mounting due to reduced beam weight.
5 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly building structure members.
SUBSTANCE: building comprises outer walls, inner walls, floor panels and roof panels including wooden panel members, namely outer and inner ones. The inner and outer wooden panel members are secured in spaced apart relation by spacing members. The wooden panel members are solid in at least one direction. The wooden panel members have predetermined dimensions and predetermined edge profiles. Cavities are defined between inner and outer panel members. Arranged in the cavities are fittings to be connected to heating or cooling systems. Cavities defined in outer wall panels, inner wall panel members, floor panels and/or roof panels communicate with each other through orifices formed in connection area between floor panel and outer wall in floor panel edge area. The orifices connect cavities in floor panel with that of outer wall. Above communication between cavities is also provided by means of orifices located in cave area between outer wall and roof in one roof panel. Above orifices connect cavities of outer wall with that of roof panels.
EFFECT: possibility to create building having arbitrary room location of wooden panel members.
24 cl, 41 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly wooden structures of profiled beams.
SUBSTANCE: wooden building comprises double-length beam of square cross-section. The beam comprises installation slots formed in each beam side and mating member, which provides connection of the same beam lengths to previous one. The mating member is formed as board with support projections on one board side. The projections define trapezes in cross-sections, which provide plane and inclined surfaces alternating during serial beam stacking. Mating member having greater length is laid on beam with lesser length and corresponding beam width having corner and other connections. Next beam is laid on mating member having the same length.
EFFECT: increased reliability of beam tightness and junction with each other in corner and other connection areas without transversal member forming at beam ends.
2 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the sphere of construction technologies and immediately deals with glued wooden structures. The suggested method of pre-tension of glued wooden packages in the across-grain direction presupposes their compression with the help of steel rods. The element of novelty consists in applying to the wooden package being forced together a pressure of 0.5 MPa with the help of steel rods gummed down inside the pre-drilled holes arranged along the whole of the package length (the spacing being equal to 300-500 mm.). The length of the rods is equal to the package width with due allowance for its eventual reduction after application of force-together pressure.
EFFECT: minimisation of material and labour expenditures related to pre-tension of glued wooden packages in the across-grain direction without distortion of their overall dimensions.
SUBSTANCE: individual wooden steam bath includes washing and steaming rooms, recreation room, furnace, which are installed on foundations, has heat insulating screen and partitions, doors, windows and ceilings performed with increased heat resistance. Besides, it is equipped with sewage floor drain under washing room, provided with drain tube that supplies to external drain tank, and vertical heat insulating wall arranged under partition in the zone between recreation room on the one side and washing and steaming rooms on the other side. Heat insulating screen is made as 0.2-0.3 m thick and is installed under washing and steaming rooms as wall lying on foundation. At that inside in zone of washing and steaming rooms, base part of foundation of external walls is equipped with heat insulating walls.
EFFECT: improvement of thermal shielding and preservation of temperature-moisture mode inside the device.
5 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: construction industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to construction industry, and namely to timber constructions erection methods. Construction is made from machined wooden planks which are put one onto the other along the whole construction's perimeter. Required construction height is reached step by step. In this case planks of the subsequent row overlap the joints of preceding row at interface points. Adhesive coat is applied to each row of planks. Erected construction is held under pressure until adhesive coat is cured.
EFFECT: manufacturing of solid wooden block construction under workshop conditions and providing its strength.