Cationic/cation-active comb-shaped copolymer compositions and personal hygiene products containing said compositions

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a comb-shaped copolymer comprising: (A) one or more repeating units obtained from olefinically unsaturated cationic or cation-active comonomers; and (B) one or more repeating units of formula where Y is a moiety which forms part of the copolymer backbone and is obtained from a monomer selected from at least one of the following monomers: olefinically unsaturated cationic or cation-active comonomers, acrylamide monomers, one or more olefinically unsaturated hydrophilic monomers, one or more olefinically unsaturated monomers; Z is a moiety capable of forming an associate with another moiety Z or other moieties in the preparation in which the copolymer will be used, and is a hydrophobic moiety selected from alkyl, aryl, aralkyl, fluoroalkyl groups having 8-50 carbon atoms, an organosilicon group having 35-25 linked SiO moieties, and silane; and b is a bond or a moiety, linking the moiety Z with a moiety Y, and represents covalent bonds formed by at least one ester, carbonyl, amide, amine oxide, hydrocarbon, amino, ether, polyoxyalkylene groups, or a bond resulting from ionic salt bonds. The invention also describes a personal hygiene product and a composition for the personal hygiene product containing said comb-shaped copolymer.

EFFECT: obtaining a comb-shaped cationic copolymer, which provides a balance of the required properties when used in personal hygiene products and other cosmetic preparations in terms of the sensory perception thereof and the degree of deposition or retention of active ingredients.

25 cl, 13 tbl, 73 ex

 

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application claims the priority of provisional application for U.S. Patent No. 61/323484, registered on April 13, 2010, the contents of which is contained in the description of the present invention by reference.

The LEVEL of TECHNOLOGY

The present invention generally relates to copolymers, and more specifically, to compositions of cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer and their use in personal care products and other drugs.

In cosmetics and other personal care products, in some cases, the use of polymeric thickeners. Many well-known thickeners used hydrophilic polymers with anionic functionality, or received from the participants with a high content of acid monomers, such as [meth]acrylic acid or 2-acrylamide-2-methylpropanesulfonic acid (AMPS), or contained polyethylene glycol (PEG), obtained either from ethoxylated monomers, or by grafting. In some cases, the thickening efficiency increase by stitching and/or hydrophobic modification, often by incorporating capable of Association of monomers that impart hydrophobicity to a very limited extent. These polymers provide compatibility with anionic surfactants used in shampoos others cleaning products, but they have a limited degree of deposition and resistance to washout.

Synthetic cationic polymers often contain cross-links, and/or they are high molecular weight polymers with an extremely limited degree of fat and a low rating when their sensual perception. To improve the compatibility of the cosmetic preparation, these polymers often modify with non-ionic monomers, usually with hydrophilic amide or hydroxyl functionality. To improve the stability and compatibility at pH 5-6, which are the desired values for preparations for the care of skin and hair, some cationic polymers give impolitically properties by introducing into them a limited amount of acid functionality.

In General, the use of such known modifiers usually produces unsatisfactory results, as they can provide neither, at least a small advantage in any one feature or advantage for the totality of characteristics of desirable properties, which leads to the need to implement many different modifiers and other additives to correct them for their individual shortcomings. For example, cation-modified polysaccharides have advantages from the point of view of ensuring the Oia slip and their sensory perception, but they have a limited degree of deposits.

Patent document CA 2662401 refers to apoliticism the copolymer on the basis of containing stereoselectivity nitrogen monomers, which has a molar excess cationogenic/cationic groups compared to anionic/anionic groups, and to cosmetic or pharmaceutical compositions comprising at least one such impolitically copolymer.

Patent document U.S. 7015279 refers to linear and cross-linked to cationic polyelectrolytes obtained by copolymerization of at least one cationic monomer, at least one neutral monomer and at least one nonionic surface-active monomer, and to their use as a thickener for cosmetic or pharmaceutical compositions and other applications.

Patent document U.S. 7279154 relates to the use in pharmaceutical, cosmetic and dermatology comb-like polymers from acryloyldimethyltaurate and/or acryloyldimethyltaurate as thickeners, dispersing components, suspendida components, emulsifiers, stabilizers, solubilization, components with conditioning effect, substances, providing the desired texture, softening components, binders and/or air conditioners. The copolymer obtained by Svobodnaya the th copolymerization acryloyldimethyltaurate (AMPS) and/or acryloyldimethyltaurate; and, optionally, one or more additional olefinic unsaturated nakatannyh of comonomers; optionally, one or more olefinic unsaturated cationic comonomers; optionally, one or more silicon-containing components; optionally, one or more fluorine-containing components; optionally, one or more macromonomers; and, optionally, to the copolymerization was carried out in the presence of at least one polymeric additive, provided that acryloyldimethyltaurate (AMPS) and/or acryloyldimethyltaurate will copolymerize at least one silicon-containing component, a fluorine-containing component, macromonomers or polymer additives.

In the patent document U.S. 2007/0248561 described cosmetic and pharmaceutical preparations containing one or more water-soluble unstitched copolymers containing one or more structural units of a specific formula and one or more structural units of the other formulas. The formula also includes one or more water-soluble or nabukenya in water stitched or unstitched copolymer or homopolymer of thickeners. These polymers typically have a high content of ionic groups, and high solubility in water.

In the patent document U.S. 2010/0056647 described copolymers that contain at least one primary amine to cover the spruce, which is cationic at low pH values, and two or more hydrophobically modified polyoxyalkylene substituents derived from capable of Association of the vinyl monomer, which may optionally contain a substituting group derived from other monomer units, such as a crosslinking monomer units, replacement of non-ionic vinyl monomer units, links regulator molecular weight, and polymer stabilizers, and which, as indicated, usually have the ability to form aggregates in aqueous solution.

The content of the above-mentioned patents and patent applications cited in the description of the present invention by reference.

However, it is obvious that none of these patent documents is not disclosed or is not offered a composition, which would provide for many cosmetic products advantages, both from the point of view of their sensory perception, and from the point of view of the extent of the deposits, with a significant improvement in rheology, the degree of deposition or retention of the active ingredients. Existing cationic polymers typically have an affinity for keratinous surfaces, but do not improve significantly the degree of deposition/retention of the active ingredients. In addition, in most of the mentioned patent documents, which are used with osobne to the Association of the monomers in combination with ionic or ionogenic monomers, is very high ionic or ionogenic groups to groups capable of Association.

It is preferable to create such a cationic copolymer, which would have many advantages and ensure the balance of the desired properties in personal care products and other products, and in particular, provide, as their higher efficiency sediments and their pleasant sensory perception.

With the aim of achieving superior to the prior art results in the examples of embodiments of the present invention these and other disadvantages are overcome by creating compositions of cationic copolymer for use in personal care products that provide the balance of the required characteristics, while reducing the number of required individual ingredients to regulate each desired characteristic properties, as a result of establishing the corresponding relationship between the weight percent contents capable of Association of lipophilic groups and ionic/ionic groups in the skeleton of the copolymer.

The INVENTION

In one embodiment, cationic or cationogenic comb copolymer includes

A) one or more repeating units derived from olefinic unsaturated cationic or cationogenic of comonomers; and

B) one or b is more repeating units, those having the formula :

in which Y is a fragment, forming part of the skeleton of the copolymer, Z is a fragment, which is capable of forming associate with other fragments Z or other fragments in the final product, which will use the copolymer, and b is a bond or a fragment, which connect the fragment Z with a fragment of Y.

Typically, the copolymer additionally contains one or more repeating units derived at least one of the following categories:

C) acrylamide monomers;

D) one or more olefinic unsaturated hydrophilic monomers that are not A, B or C; or

E) one or more olefinic unsaturated monomers that are not A, B, C or D.

In another embodiment, the cationic/cationogenic comb copolymer has a mass content included in the copolymer ionic and ionogenic monomers from about 2 to about 45%, the mass percentage in the copolymer is capable of Association of the groups Z is from about 2 to about 50%, the mass ratio capable of Association groups Z of the ion and the ionic monomer is from approximately 0.1 to approximately 5.5.

In another embodiment, the cationic/cationogenic comb copolymer who meet the mass content included in the copolymer ionic and ionogenic monomers from about 2 to about 45%, mass percentage in the copolymer is capable of Association of the groups Z is from about 2 to about 50%, the mass ratio capable of Association groups Z of the ion and the ionic monomer is from about 0.15 to about 6.5.

In yet another embodiment, the cationic/cationogenic comb copolymer has a mass content included in the copolymer ionic and ionogenic monomers from about 2 to about 45%, the mass percentage in the copolymer is capable of Association of the groups Z is from about 2 to about 50%, and a viscosity of 3% of the mass. (solids) solution of the copolymer in distilled water is approximately less than 250 centipoise (CP).

Described in the invention cationic/cationogenic comb copolymers can be included in any cosmetically acceptable medium, and in some embodiments, implement, means of personal hygiene includes a cosmetically acceptable medium base and from about 0.1 to about 20% of the mass. cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer.

In specific embodiments, implement, means of personal hygiene includes in addition to the active ingredient, where the cationic/cationogenic comb copolymer increases the deposition of the active ingredient n the keratinized structure, at least about 10% compared with the means of personal hygiene, which has a similar composition but not containing cationic/cationogenic comb copolymer. In some embodiments, the implementation, the application itself cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer can be characterized by its deposition on rough substrates.

In specific embodiments, implement, means of personal hygiene includes comb-like polymer, where the polymer is not crosslinked (as defined below) and has a relatively low solubility in water (as defined below).

In tools, personal care products can be used in compositions and methods according to examples of embodiments to provide the many advantages from the point of view of a modification of rheology/thickening, the degree of deposition and retention of the active ingredients, the resistance of the water, and advantages from the point of view of sense perception (conditioning, sliding, feeling the silkiness), each of which can be achieved by the use in the cosmetic environment, only one polymer. In specific embodiments, implementing, achieving high stability, and provide specific advantages in systems with low pH value.

To achieve the modification of real the GII, examples of embodiments offer a cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer having a specific combination of repeating units, together with fatty or lipophilic component of personal hygiene. The combination of a sufficient amount of hydrophilic component for compatibility in aqueous preparations with significant hydrophobic content increases as the thickening at the expense of the Association, and significantly improves the degree of deposition and resistance to flushing.

Other characteristic features and advantages of the present invention will be apparent from the following more detailed description of examples of embodiments, which illustrate, using examples, the principles of the invention.

DETAILED description of the INVENTION

Description copolymer and its constituent groups

Embodiments of concern to cationic and cationogenic the comb-shaped copolymers, which include repeating units containing capable of Association of the fragments, and which is formed, at least two types of monomers, and, usually, at least three types of monomers. In some embodiments, implementation, can be used four or five categories of monomers. Embodiments of also refer to means of personal hygiene and other applicable compositions which include these copolymers as an ingredient.

Cationic or cationogenic comb copolymer includes

A) one or more repeating units derived from olefinic unsaturated cationic or cationogenic of comonomers; and

B) one or more repeating units having the formula

in which Y is a fragment, forming part of the skeleton of the copolymer, Z is a fragment, which is capable of forming associate with other fragments Z or other fragments in the final product, which will use the copolymer, and b is a bond or a fragment, which connect the fragment Z fragment Y. the Expression "capable of forming associat" means that the fragments Z show weak interactions (e.g. van der Vaal's interaction, the formation of hydrogen bonds), which causes them to form associate with each other or with other fragments in the final product which is clear and understandable for normal specialists in this field. The Association may lead to the formation of micelles with a dynamic spatial mesh structure, or characteristic properties that have similarity with the micelles; and despite the fact that the formation of associates in the grid is a dynamic process, and the interaction strength is weak, however, associates often have dostat is know the duration and strength, in order to increase the viscosity.

In typical embodiments, the implementation of the copolymer additionally contains one or more repeating units derived at least one of the following categories:

C) acrylamide monomers;

D) one or more olefinic unsaturated hydrophilic monomers that are not A, B or C; or

E) one or more olefinic unsaturated monomers that are not A, B, C or D.

That is, in typical embodiments, the implementation, the copolymer includes at least one from each monomer A and B, and further includes recurring units derived at least one of the monomers C, D or E. In other embodiments, the implementation, the copolymer includes at least one from each monomer A and B, and further includes recurring units derived, at least two of the monomers C, D or E, while in another embodiment, the copolymer includes at least one from each monomer A and B, together with repeating units derived from monomers of all three groups C, D and E. it Should be borne in mind that in each case may also be present many members of the same group.

Cationic and cationogenic monomers, which are selected from group A, can be any cation or a cation of the gene monomer. Particularly suitable cationic monomers include monomers that contain stereoselectivity nitrogen, or N+enter into a skeleton or a side chain of the resulting copolymer. Suitable cationogenic monomers include monomers that contain nitrogen and which may be neutralized by the acid with the formation of charged cationic groups, or which may be subjected to reaction with a suitable alkylating reagents to form Quaternary ammonium groups, or to the formation of the copolymer, or after its formation.

Examples of cationic monomers containing nitrogen include, but are not limited to, at least one monomer selected from the group consisting of containing ammonium salt[meth]acrylate, trimethylammonium methyl methacrylate chloride, methacrylamide trimethylammonium chloride, trimethylammonium ethyl methacrylate chloride, N,N-(dimethyl or diethyl)aminoethyl[meth]acrylate of methosulfate, [2-(methacryloyloxy)alkyl]trialkylamine of halogen, [2-(methacryloyloxy)alkyl]trialkylamine of alkalidata, [2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl]trimethylammonium chloride, [2-(acryloyloxy)alkyl]trialkylamine of halogen, [2-(acryloyloxy)alkyl]trialkylamine of alkalidata, [2-(acryloyloxy)-ethyl]trimethylammonium chloride, [2-(acrylamide)ethyl]trimethylammonium chloride.

Examples of nitrogen-containing monomial is s, which can be converted into cationic state (i.e., which are cationogenic)include, but are not limited to, at least one monomer selected from the group consisting of N,N ' dialkylamino[meth]acrylates, such as dimethylaminoethyl[meth]acrylate, dimethylaminopropyl[meth]acrylate, diethylaminoethyl[meth]acrylate and diethylaminopropyl[meth]acrylate. Can also be used N,N-dialkylamino[met]acrylamide, such as dimethylaminopropyl[meth]acrylamide and diethylaminopropyl[meth]acrylamide. Other examples cationogenic monomers include at least one monomer from the group consisting of 2-methacrylate-N-ethylmorpholine, 2-tert-butylmethacrylate, acryloylmorpholine, 1-piperidinoethyl[meth]acrylate and dimethylaminoethoxy[meth]acrylate.

It should be borne in mind that the cationic monomers of group A can have one or more counterions, including, but just as examples, chloride, bromide, sulfate and phosphate. In some cases, preferred can be halide counterions (e.g., in comparison with other counterions, as the halides usually do not cause staining or odors). Suitable alkylating reagents include alkyl halides or sulfates having from one to four carbon atoms, such as ethyl or methyl chloride or bromi is, dimethyl - or diethylsulfate. Other suitable alkylating reagents include mineral acids, for example phosphoric acid, sulfuric acid or hydrochloric acid.

In the repeating units of group B are capable of forming associat fragment Z can be entered in a comb-like copolymer as a component monomer used in copolymerizate, or it may be formed in the reaction that can form during or after polymerization of associat between the group and the functional monomer. Thus, in some cases, the Y fragment of the skeleton of the copolymer in a repeating part, from which proceeds are capable of forming associat fragment Z, can be a recurring element derived from the monomer groups (A, C, D or E, but which is included in group B, due to his subsequent connection with capable of forming associat fragment Z.

Typically, the fragment Z is hydrophobic and can be an alkyl, aryl, aralkyl, foralkyl, the organosilicon compound or the silane. For example, hydrocarbon groups Z include linear, branched or cyclic alkyl, aryl or kalkilya group having from 8 to 50 carbon atoms, in one embodiment having from 10 to 22 carbon atoms, and in another embodiment, groups which have from 10 to 18 carbon atoms. For example, the alkyl components of Z include, but are not limited to, at least one group selected from the group consisting of alkyl groups (such as anjilina, Danilina, decile, Godzilla, redecilla, tetradecyl, pentadactyla, hexadecimally, heptadecyl, octadecyl, Donatella, Aksinia, originalna and beginline)derived from fatty alcohols, fatty amines or fatty acids. Suitable alkyl Z components also include mixtures of such compounds, and in the case of mixtures of alkyl components, the above intervals, the number of carbon atoms can be chosen according to the average mass of the mixture. The examples produced in industry mixes include alcohols, sold under the trademarks Alfol® and Novel® company Sasol, alcohols, sold under the trade names Neodol® Shell company, as well as mixtures of alcohols, sold by Baker Petrolite under the trademark alcohols Unilin®, in which the average chain length is C25, C30, C40 or C50, and alcohols derived from coconut oil or other natural oils. It can also be attributed predominantly linear alkeneamine chain including at least one chain selected from the group consisting of dodecenyl, tridecanol, tetradecanol, pentadecanol, hexadecanol, octadecanol and docosanol.

Z group containing organosilicon the connection, can be linear, branched or cyclic, having from 3 to 25 linked fragments SiO. In one embodiment, they are from 3 to 8 fragments SiO, and in another embodiment, from 3 to 5 fragments SiO. Z group containing foralkyl include fluorocarbon group having from 6 to 50 carbons, and, in another embodiment, from 8 to 30 carbons.

Examples of communication b include covalent bonds formed by at least one complex ester, carbonyl, amidon, amine oxide, hydrocarbon, amino, simple ether and polyoxyalkylene groups linking the skeleton of a copolymer capable of forming associat group Z. the Relationship b can also occur through ionic salt.

The following is the General structure of the monomer, which forms a repeating element of the group B, with optional polyoxyalkylene component:

X1and X2are independently either O, S, NH, or NHCOO; R1is either H or CH3; n is 0-6 (when X2is missing, then n=0); p is 0-50, q is 0-50 and r is 0-50. The repeating unit p, q and r can be entered in neporyadochno, alternating, block or gradient patterns. Z represents any of the previously described fragment. In one embodiment, where p=q=r=0, m is sawoe percentage monomer of group B may be approximately less than 50 wt.%, in some cases, approximately less than 25 wt.%, in another case, approximately less than 10 wt.% in one case, approximately less than 5 wt.%. For example, in one aspect of this alternative implementation, at least one of p, q or r is an integer from one to fifty (e.g., greater than or equal to 1). For example, in another aspect, the variant implementation, p is from 1 to 50, in some cases, from 3 to 30, and in other cases, from 2 to 10. In specific embodiments, implementation, X1=O, n=q=r=0, p is from 3 to 30, and Z represents an alkyl group having from 10 to 18 carbon atoms. In another embodiment, R1=H, X1=O, n=q=r=0, p is from 2 to 10, and Z represents an alkyl group having from 10 to 16 carbon atoms. Examples of monomers of structure (2), which can form the repeating unit of group B include at least one monomer selected from the group consisting of, for example, from steelpole(oxyethyl)25methacrylate, laureldale(oxyethyl)4acrylate, actipole(oksipropil)6poly(oxyethyl)12-N methylacrylamide, N-Oct-decylmethacrylate and lauryl[meth]acrylate.

The following is the General structure of the monomer, which forms a repeating element of the group B with polyallylamine groups:

X1and X2are independently either O, S, NH, or NHCOO; R1and R2are independently either H or CH3; n is 0-6 (and X2absent when n=0); and v is 1-50. Fragment Z described above.

Acrylamide monomers of group C may be any monomer having the following formula

R1is either H or CH3, R3and R4are independently H, C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C6 of alkenyl, C1-C6 alkoxyalkyl or acylaminoalkyl. Examples of monomers of group C include, but are not limited to, at least one monomer selected from the group consisting of acrylamide, methacrylamide, N-methylacrylamide, N-methylmethacrylate, N,N-dimethylacrylamide, N,N-dimethylacrylamide, N,N-diethylacrylamide, diacetonitrile, N,N-dimethylaminopropylamine, N-butoxyaniline, N-ethoxyethylacetate, N-n-butylacrylamide, N-tert-butylacrylamide, N-isopropylacrylamide, N-methylolacrylamide, N-methoxyethylamine, N-ethylacetamide, N-(3-methoxypropyl)-acrylamide, N-n-propylacetamide, N-trimethylsilylacetamide, N-isooctylphenyl, N-acetylethanolamine, N-butoxypolyethylene, N,N-dibutylaminoethanol, N,N-dimethylaminoethylmethacrylate, N,N-diethylacrylamide, N-(2,2-dimethoxymethyl)methacrylamide, NN-dimethylaminoethylmethacrylate, N-ethylmethylamine, N-ethoxymethyleneamino, N-(3-methoxypropyl)methacrylamide and N-methylolmethacrylamide.

The monomers of group D are any olefinic unsaturated hydrophilic monomers which are not included in the group A, B or C, and typically have a solubility in water at 25°C is approximately more than 50 g/L. These monomers can be ionic, ionic or non-ionic. Examples of anionic monomers include salt, at least one of the monomers from the group of carboxylic or dicarboxylic acids, anhydrides, and salts of sulfonic or phosphonic acids, and salts profirov dicarboxylic acids. Such monomers include at least one monomer selected from the group consisting of, for example, from [meth]acrylate ammonium, itaconate sodium, citraconate sodium, sodium maleate, [meth]acrylate sodium and acrylamidoglycolate ammonium. Anionic monomers include any monomer that can be neutralized by the base, either before polymerization or after polymerization, with the formation of anionic groups. Examples of anionic monomers include at least one monomer selected from the group consisting of [meth]acrylic acid, basis of itaconic acid, crotonic acid, tarakanovas acid, maleic acid, methylmaleic, butylmalonate, acrylamidophenylboronic acid, Shmarov the th acid, metaconule acid, glucagonomas acid, maleic anhydride and faconnage anhydride.

Zwitter-ionic and/or amphoteric monomers can also be used as monomers of group D. Zwitter-ionic monomers or repeating units are those monomers which contain, as a formal positive and negative charges on different atoms; despite the fact that they have a total of zero charge, however, they belong to the ionic monomers. Examples of zwitter-ionic monomers that can be used as monomers of group D include monomers having side suspended fragments of carboxylation, Pospolitaya or sulfobetaine; specific examples include 2-methacryloxyethyl, inner salt of 2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl-2'-(ammonium)ethylphosphate, salt 1(4(4'-vinylbenzyl)butane)-2'(ammonium)ethylphosphate and salt [3-(methacryloylamido)propyl]dimethyl(3-sulfopropyl)ammonium hydroxide. Amphoteric monomers are ionogenic monomers which contain acidic and basic groups.

The monomers of group D may also include non-ionic monomers with the following structure having an optional polyethylene-glycol (PEG) component:

X1and X2are independently either O, S, or H; R1is either H or CH3; R5is either H, or a linear or branched alkyl with a number of carbon atoms from 1 to 4; n is 0-6 (and X2absent when n=0); p is 0-50, q is 0-50, and r is 0-50. The repeating unit p, q and r can be entered in neporyadochno, alternating, block or gradient patterns.

Examples of monomers of group D, having the structure (5)include at least one monomer selected from the group consisting of hydroxyethyl[meth]acrylate, hydroxypropyl[meth]acrylate, hydroxybutyl[meth]acrylate, hydroxyhexyl[meth]acrylate, hydroxyethyl[meth]acrylamide, hydroxypropyl[meth]acrylamide, hydroxybutyl[meth]acrylamide, hydroxyhexyl[meth]acrylamide and the corresponding [met]acrylamido, including hydroxyethyl[meth]acrylamide, hydroxypropyl[meth]acrylamide, hydroxybutyl[meth]acrylamide, hydroxyhexyl[meth]acrylamide, poly(oxyethyl)10methacrylate and metrpole(oxyethyl)8acrylate.

Other examples of nonionic monomers within the group D include at least one monomer of the vinyl alcohol) (vinyl acetate), vinylpyrrolidone and N-vinylformamide.

The monomers of group E are all any other olefinic unsaturated monomers which do not fall into groups A-D. Examples of monomers include mainly, IU the greater extent, one monomer selected from the group consisting of monounsaturated monomers such as C1-C4 alkyl[meth]acrylates, C1-C4 alkylthiol[meth]acrylates, vinyl esters, alkylvinyl esters, vinylamides, styrene and p-alkylthiol. However, not excluded and polyunsaturated monomers.

In some embodiments, implement, if desirable, the group E can be used for stitching. Examples of crosslinking monomers include at least one monomer selected from the group consisting of [meth]acrylic esters, and allyl and vinyl esters of di - or polyfunctional alcohols, such as 1,2-ethanediol, 1,2-propandiol, 1,3-propandiol, 1,2-butanediol, 1,3-butanediol, 2,3-butanediol, 1,4-butanediol, but-2-ene-1,4-diol, 1,2-pentanediol, 1,5-pentanediol, 1,2-hexanediol, 1,6-hexanediol, 1,10-decanediol, 1,2-dodecanediol, 1,12-dodecanediol, neopentylglycol, 3-methylpentane-1,5-diol, 2,5-dimethyl-1,3-hexanediol, 2,2,4-trimethyl-1,3-pentanediol, 1,2-cyclohexanediol, 1-cyclo-hexanediol, 1,4-bis(hydroxymethyl)cyclohexane, diethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, tetraethylene glycol, dipropyleneglycol, tripropyleneglycol, tetrapropenyl, glycols, polypropylenglycol, polytetrahydrofuran, trimethylolpropane, glycerol, pentaerythritol, 1,2,5-pentandiol, 1,2,6-hexanetriol and sorbitol.

Additional suitable cross-linking monomers may include at least oneof urethaneacrylate; linear or branched, linear or cyclic, aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbons, with at least 2 double bonds, such as divinylbenzene; [met]acrylamide and N-allylamine difunctional amines, such as 1,2-diaminoethane, 1,3-diaminopropane, 1,4-diaminobutane, 1,6-diaminohexane; triallylamine and triethylammonium salts such as triethylmethylammonium chloride or methyl sulfate; N-vinyl compounds of urea derivatives, such as N,N'-diphenylethylenediamine or N,N'-diphenylpropylamine; di, three or tetrafunctional sulfhydryl compounds such as dimercaptopropanol of ethylene glycol, dimercaptosuccinic glycerin and tetragonopterinae pentaerythritol; alkoxycyanobiphenyl mercaptans such as 3-mercaptopropionylglycine; and alkoxycarbonyl alkyl[meth]acrylates or alkyl[met]acrylamide, such as methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane and methacrylamidoethylene.

The description attached to the copolymer properties

The total mass percentage of ionic and ionogenic monomers described in the invention cationic/cationogenic comb-shaped copolymers is from about 2 to about 45%. In some embodiments, the implementation, the interval is from about 5 to about 35%, and in other VA is Ianto implementation from about 10 to about 25%.

Mass percentage of ionic monomers described in the invention cationic/cationogenic comb-shaped copolymers may range from about 2 to about 45%, in some embodiments, implementation, from about 5 to about 30%, in other embodiments, implementation, from about 5 to about 25%, and in still some embodiments, implementation, from about 12 to about 22%.

Mass percentage capable of Association of the fragments of Z inside the copolymer may be from about 2 to about 50%, in some embodiments, implementation, from about 4 to about 40%, in other embodiments, implementation, from about 7 to about 30%, and in still some embodiments, implementation, from about 20 to about 30%.

Without going into theory or explanation of this issue, however, it can be argued that produced excellent results, at least partially depend on the mass relations capable of Association of the fragments Z to ionic and/or ionogenic the monomers in the copolymer. That is, according to specific example embodiments, cationic and/or cationogenic monomers of group A, together with any other input ionic monomers from groups C-E, include the s a certain dependence with the number capable of Association of the groups Z, present in the copolymer.

The ratio (wt.%:wt.%) capable of Association of the fragments Z to ionic and/or ionogenic the monomers in the copolymer may range from approximately 0.1 to approximately 5.5. In some embodiments, the implementation, the ratio is from about 0.25 to about 4, in another case, from about 0.4 to about 3, and still in other cases, from about 0.7 to about 2.5. In yet another embodiment, the mass ratio capable of Association of the fragments Z to ionic and/or ionogenic the monomers within the copolymer is approximately 1.2 to approximately 2.2. The ratio (wt.%:wt.%) capable of Association of the fragments Z of the ion monomers within the copolymer may range from approximately 0.15 to approximately 6.5. In some cases, the ratio is from about 0.3 to about 4.5, in another case, the ratio is from about 0.4 to about 3.5, and in still other embodiments, implementation, from about 0.7 to about 2.5. In yet another embodiment, the mass ratio capable of Association of the fragments Z of the ion monomers within the copolymer is approximately 1.2 to approximately 2.2.

Cationic/cationogenic comb copolymers can be crystalline or nechrist is symbolic. In the variants of implementation, in the case of a crystalline copolymer when the copolymer is characterized by a melting temperature Tmwhen the heat of fusion of approximately more than 3 j/g, the melting temperature of the copolymers is typically approximately less than 100°C, in some cases, approximately less than 50°C, in many cases, approximately less than 25°C, in other cases, approximately less than 15°C, and even in some cases, approximately less than 0°C.

Although described in the invention cationic/cationogenic comb copolymer capable of sagemath personal care products that contain additional ingredients, in the specific examples of embodiments, his solution in water with a concentration of three weight percent (solids) has at 25°C viscosity approximately less than 250 centipoise and, in some embodiments, the implementation has a viscosity at 25°C is approximately less than 100 centipoise. In some embodiments, implementation, solution of cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer with a concentration of three weight percent (solids) has a viscosity at 25°C is approximately less than 50 centipoise. Thus, unlike the prior art, specific examples of embodiments are not based on the thickening of the aqueous phase of the preparations whether the Noah hygiene, as is customary in the case of currently used high molecular weight and are often cross-linked polymers, but in variants of the invention can be achieved considerable advantages from the point of view of sense perception and the degree of deposition of drugs in comparison with the addition of the cationic polymers of the prior art.

Chemical properties of the polymer can be specially modified for compatibility and solubility in various aqueous cosmetic preparations by regulating the content of hydroxyl-containing, amide and acid auxiliary monomers. For example, when the desired lower concentration of cationic monomers, the content of nitrogen in the amide monomer may increase the degree of deposition and to have a positive impact on compatibility and viscosity. Limited quantities of acid monomer can reduce the ability to stick together and to improve the potential compatibility of the drug. Some of the content of hydroxyl-containing monomer can improve the transparency of the polymer and the drug in water and alcohol systems.

In one embodiment, the cationic/cationogenic comb copolymers are characterized by intervals of solubility in water. In some embodiments, implementation, solubility in water at 25°C is relatively is relatively low, for example, the solubility in water is approximately less than 50 wt.%, in other embodiments, implementation, approximately less than 20 wt.%, in some embodiments, implementation, approximately less than 10 wt.%. The terms "solubility in water" or "water-soluble" is meant the determination of the solubility of the copolymer in water in the form of its concentration at which the turbidity of the aqueous solution has an initial value of 250 EBC (according to the standard of the European brewing Convention), and the turbidity of the aqueous solution is less than 250 EBC at lower concentrations.

The advantage is that concrete examples of embodiments may also include crosslinking copolymer and/or the presence of sulfates, which can lead to undesirable appearance of staining or odor, but in contrast to the prior art, it is not necessary. The term "crosslinking" or "crosslinked" refers to the connection of neighboring chains of the copolymer through covalent bonds formed by the purposeful introduction of a polyfunctional monomer. Covalent bonds, which lead to crosslinking, can be formed as a result of any response, including the condensation reaction and the reaction of the merger.

In one embodiment, the cationic/cationogenic comb copolym the R consists of from about 12 to about 22 wt.% monomers of group A, from about 25 to about 75 wt.% monomer of structure 2, where H1=O, n=q=r=0, p is from 3 to 30, and Z represents an alkyl group having from 10 to 18 carbon atoms is from about 7 to about 30 wt.% capable of Association of the fragments of Z, is not crosslinked, and is characterized measured at 25°C viscosity in aqueous solution at three mass percent (solids) of approximately less than 100 centipoise. In one aspect of this variant implementation, the number of monomer structure 2 is more than 25 wt.% and usually about more than 30 wt.% (for example, from about 30 wt.% to about 75 wt.%).

In another embodiment, the cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer is from about 12 to about 22 wt.% monomers of group A, from about 25 to about 75 wt.% monomer of structure 2, where H1=O, n=q=r=0, p is from 3 to 30, and Z represents an alkyl group having from 10 to 18 carbon atoms, consists of acrylamide monomer of group C, is from about 7 to about 30 wt.% capable of Association of the fragments of Z, is not crosslinked, and is characterized measured at 25°C viscosity in aqueous solution at three mass percent (solids) of approximately less than 100 centipoise. In od the second aspect of this variant implementation, where monomer A was 15 wt.%, the monomer structure 2 has p=4 and comprises 70 wt.% copolymer, and the monomer of group C represents N,N-dimethylacrylamide determined solubility in water was approximately 8 wt.% (for example, in example 72). In one aspect of this variant implementation, the number of monomer structure 2 is more than 25 wt.%, in some cases, approximately more than 30 wt.% and, typically, approximately more than 50 wt.% (for example, from about 50 wt.% to about 75 wt.%).

In yet another embodiment, the cationic/cationogenic comb copolymer comprises from about 12 to about 22 wt.% monomers of group A, from about 25 to about 75 wt.% monomer of structure 2, where H1=O, n=q=r=0, p is from 3 to 30, and Z represents an alkyl group having from 10 to 18 carbon atoms, consists of hydroxyalkyl[meth]acrylate monomer of group D has from about 7 to about 30 wt.% capable of Association of the fragments of Z, is not crosslinked, and is characterized measured at 25°C viscosity in aqueous solution at three mass percent (solids) of approximately less than 100 centipoise. In one aspect of this option exercise, where the monomer A was 15 wt.%, the monomer structure 2 has p from 4 to 25 and includes 70 mA is from.% of the copolymer, and a monomer of the group D represents hydroxypropylmethacrylate determined solubility in water was approximately 8 wt.% (for example, in example 71). In one aspect of this variant implementation, the number of monomer structure 2 is more than 25 wt.%, in some cases, approximately more than 30 wt.%, and usually about more than 50 wt.% (for example, from about 50 wt.% to about 75 wt.%).

Cationic/cationogenic comb copolymer can be obtained in accordance with any suitable method, which allows you to enter the monomers in the desired chain structure. One particularly suitable method of synthesis of the copolymer is the polymerization in solution in alcohol, glycol or water-alcohol mixture in the absence of any cross-linking components. The use of polymerization in solution usually leads to input neporyadochno recurring units of the copolymer, although it is also possible block, alternating or grafted configuration duplicate links.

In some embodiments, the implementation, the copolymer is introduced into the composition for personal hygiene or product, including the addition of material cosmetically acceptable base, at least one active ingredient. The use described in the invention compositions of cationic/cationogenic the ridges is shaped copolymer can increase the degree of deposition of the active ingredient on keratinous substrates compared to the same drug, in which the copolymer is not used. The deposition of the active ingredient of the composition or product is determined by applying approximately 1 to approximately 4 mg/cm2composition or product on keratinous substrate, such as in-vitro synthetic leather, and then drying the substrate in a period of from 5 to 30 minutes, then immersing the substrate in a Petri dish with 30 ml of deionized water while stirring with a polished magnetic stirrer at a speed of 300 Rev/min and keeping at a constant temperature in the range from room temperature (22°C±2 to human body temperature (37±2°C) during the test period from 30 seconds to 20 minutes. After immersion, the degree of deposition of the active ingredient on the substrate determined by any suitable analytical method for determining the amount of the active ingredient (e.g., HPLC, energy dispersive x-ray spectrometry, and other appropriate methods). In cases where the active ingredient has a solubility in water less than 50 g/l, the deposition increases by approximately 10% or more, in some cases, approximately 20% or more, and in other cases, the deposition increases by approximately 50% or more. In the variants of implementation, in which the active ingredient has a solubility in water of more than 50 g/l, the use of copolymers can Uwe is ICICI deposition of approximately 10% or more, in some cases, approximately 20% or more, and in other cases, about 200% or more. In some cases, the deposition of the active ingredient can be increased by approximately 500% or more. In some embodiments, the implementation described in the invention compositions of cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer can increase the deposition of both ingredients, as an active ingredient with a water solubility less than about 50 g/l, and the active ingredient with a water solubility of more than about 50 g/l, the above percentage.

In some embodiments, implementation, use is described in the invention cationic/cationogenic comb-shaped copolymers can itself be characterized by their deposition on rough substrates.

Personal hygiene and examples of drugs in which the copolymer is used

Therefore, disclosed in the invention compositions of cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer can be used as an ingredient in the creation of personal hygiene, which provides increased efficiency from the viewpoint of deposition and retention of the active substances, has excellent properties from the point of view of sense perception, and/or as a thickener. The composition of Katie the nogo/cationogenic comb-like copolymer is typically present in such products from approximately 0.1 to approximately 20% by weight, in some cases, from about 0.5 to about 10% by weight, and in some cases, from about 1% to about 5% by weight. The composition may be used for a wide range of personal care products with the environment Foundation, which may include at least one substance selected from the group consisting of, for example, from cosmetic oils (i.e., oils that are suitable for cosmetic use), water, alcohol, and combinations thereof.

Cationic/cationogenic comb copolymers can be added to personal care products in the form of pure copolymer, or in the form of a solution or suspension in water or any suitable organic solvent or combination of solvents and/or water. Particularly suitable organic solvents are alcohol and glycol. Despite the fact that can be used any suitable glycol, however, examples of suitable glycols include at least one glycol from propylene glycol, butyleneglycol and glycerol. For example, cationic/cationogenic comb-like polymers can be used in the form of a solution in butyleneglycol and water. The amount of glycol may range from about 10 to about 70% by weight solution, in some cases, from about 20 to about 60%, and in other cases, priblizitelen is from 30 to about 50% by weight of solution.

Examples of personal care type of cosmetics, hygiene and cosmetics products, health care local application, which can be used cationic/cationogenic comb copolymers include, without limitation, at least one means of shampoos; chemical and non-chemical means for Curling and straightening hair; means for placing hair and hair care products; lotions and creams for nails, hands, feet, face, scalp and/or hair coloring; means for facial makeup and body care products nail; binding agents; deodorants; antiperspirants; means for hair removal; protective creams and lotions for the skin (such as creams or lotions for tanning); means for washing the skin and body; air conditioners for skin care; tonic preparations for the skin; compositions for sealing skin; liquid Soaps; lump washed; means for taking baths; means for shaving; and food hygiene of the oral cavity (such as toothpastes, oral suspension and products for the care of the oral cavity), any or the foregoing of which may optionally contain a pharmaceutical, phytopharmaceutical and/or nutraceutical ingredients.

The form of such personal hygiene is not limited, and it can represent, without limitation, among others, liquid, gel, spre is, emulsion (such as lotions and creams, shampoo, lipstick, foam, ointment, tablet, cosmetic pencil (such as a means for lip care, makeup, suppositories, any of which can be applied on the skin or hair, which is usually designed so that it remains in contact with the skin or hair until its removal, for example by washing with water or washing with shampoo or soap. Gels can be soft, hard or compressible. The emulsion can be an emulsion of the type oil-in-water type water-in-oil type water-and-cranioleuca or multiphase. Sprays can be a not compressed under the pressure of the aerosol supplied manually by pressing the finger pump of pulverization, or they can be compressed under pressure aerosols. In some embodiments, implementation, examples of cationic/cationogenic comb-shaped copolymers used in aerosol compositions, such as foam, spray, or foam-forming drug, which use chemical or gaseous propellant.

The above-mentioned means of personal hygiene, which, according to the examples of embodiments, can be successfully used cationic/cationogenic comb-shaped copolymers, usually, but not necessarily, can be roughly divided into products on the basis of anhydrous oils, emulsi the type water-in-oil the emulsion of the type oil-in-water or systems based on water or alcohol.

The composition of the cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer can be effective with a wide range of cosmetic oils, such as at least one of their esters (for example, alkylbenzoates having from 12 to 15 carbon atoms), triglycerides (for example, capillarylike/kaprilat triglycerides), hydrocarbons (for example, mineral oil, sunflower oil), natural oils (such as jojoba, safflower oil, and castor oil, and other oils. Suitable oils are also disclosed, for example, in US Patent No. 5736125 from column 3, line 37 to column 4, line 4, the content of which is given in the description of the present invention by reference to it. Silicone oils can also be used as cosmetic oils. Generally, any natural or synthetic oil used for cosmetic purposes, is appropriate for the composition of the present invention. Non-limiting examples of natural oils are at least one oil of avocado oil, coconut oil, palm oil, sesame oil, peanut oil, sunflower oil, almond oil, oil of peach seed oil, wheat germ oil, oils of macadamia nut, oil, night primrose oil, jojoba oil, castor oil, olive the oil, soybean oil and their derivatives. Mineral oil such as liquid paraffin and liquid paraffin, is also appropriate.

Suitable synthetic oils are at least one oil selected from the group consisting of, for example, from fatty alcohols; esters of fatty acids, such as isopropylmyristate, palmitate, stearate and isostearate; aerolite; societystate; vexillata; dibutylamine; dioctyladipate; maritimerelated; reiseroute; polyethylene glycol and its derivatives; polyglyceryl esters of fatty acids; and cetylpalmitate.

Silicone oils are also suitable. Apply silicone oils are non-volatile silicone oil, having the names in accordance with the International nomenclature of cosmetic ingredients, which include Dimethicone or dimethiconol. Can also be used volatile silicone oils, such as cyclomethicone.

This is followed by non-limiting examples of the anhydrous cosmetic preparations containing modified oils, including described in the invention compositions of cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer:

(A) Thickening of anhydrous oils, suitable for preparations for personal hygiene (e.g., gels for hair):

Oil is from about 50 to about 95 wt.%

Cation the th/cationogenic comb copolymer - from about 0.1 to about 20 wt.%

Additional polymer is approximately up to 5 wt.%

Other additives or active substances from about 0.1 to about 30 wt.%

B) Anhydrous serum scalp:

Oil is from about 50 to about 95 wt.%

Cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer is from about 0.1 to about 20 wt.%

Additional polymer is approximately up to 5 wt.%

Other additives or active substances from about 0.1 to about 30 wt.%

C) Anhydrous sunscreen pencil or gel:

Oil is from about 50 to about 95 wt.%

Cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer is from about 0.1 to about 20 wt.%

Additional polymer is approximately up to 5 wt.%

Other additives or active substances from about 0.1 to about 30 wt.%

D) Anhydrous antiperspirant deodorant pencil or gel:

Emollient is from about 50 to about 95 wt.%

Cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer is from about 0.1 to about 20 wt.%

Additional polymer is approximately up to 5 wt.%

Antiperspirant deodorant active substance is from about 0.1 to d is approximately 30 wt.%

Other additives or active substances from about 1 to about 30 wt.%

E) Decorative cosmetics (such as blush, lipstick)

The oil is from about 50 to about 95 wt.%

Cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer is from about 0.1 to about 20 wt.%

Additional polymer is approximately up to 5 wt.%

The pigment is from about 0.1 to about 30 wt.%

Other additives or active substances from about 0.1 to about 10 wt.%.

Conventional thickeners, such as waxes, including at least one, for example, from Carnauba wax, beeswax, and candelilla wax, can be used as an additive to Supplement the thickening action of drugs achieved in the result of the presence of cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer.

The emulsion of the type water-in-oil can be prepared by mixing together (1) is heated (i.e., molten) solution of the cationic composition/cationogenic comb-like copolymer in any of the above-mentioned oil and (2) the aqueous phase and the aqueous phase has the same temperature as the oil solution (usually around 10°C); and then cooling the mixture with stirring. Alternatively, instead, the composition of the cationic/ka the ionic comb-like copolymer could be the source added to the aqueous phase, or it could be added after the formation of the emulsion of oil and water phase. Regardless of how add the cationic composition/cationogenic comb copolymer, the ratio of aqueous phase to oil phase may comprise, for example, from about 0.5:1 to about 9:1.

The following are non-limiting examples of cosmetic products, including emulsions of the type water-in-oil:

A) Moisturizer for skin

Water is from about 50 to about 90 wt.%

The organosilicon compound is from about 1 to about 10 wt.%

The emulsifier is from about 0.5 to about 5 wt.%

Emollient is from about 5 to about 20 wt.%

Cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer is from about 0.1 to about 20 wt.%

Additional polymer is approximately up to 5 wt.%

Other additives or active substances from about 0.1 to about 3 wt.%

B) Sunscreen

Water is from about 50 to about 90 wt.%

The organosilicon compound is from about 1 to about 10 wt.%

The emulsifier is from about 0.5 to about 5 wt.%

Emollient is from about 5 to about 20 wt.%

Cationic/ka the ionic comb copolymer - from about 0.1 to about 20 wt.%

Additional polymer is approximately up to 5 wt.%

Sunscreen active ingredient is from about 1 to about 25 wt.%

Other additives or active substances from about 0.1 to about 3 wt.%

C) Antiperspirant deodorant tool

Water is from about 50 to about 90 wt.%

The organosilicon compound is from about 1 to about 10 wt.%

The emulsifier is from about 0.5 to about 5 wt.%

Emollient is from about 1 to about 20 wt.%

Cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer is from about 0.1 to about 20 wt.%

Additional polymer is approximately up to 5 wt.%

Antiperspirant deodorant active substance is from about 0.1 to about 30 wt.%

Other additives or active substances from about 0.1 to about 5 wt.%.

The emulsion of the type oil-in-water is prepared by mixing together (1) is heated (i.e., molten) solution of the cationic composition/cationogenic comb-like copolymer in the oil phase and (2) the aqueous phase and the aqueous phase has the same temperature as the solution softens the funds (usually around 10°C); and then cooling the SMA and under stirring. However, as in the case of emulsions of the type water-in-oil composition of cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer may be added to the original aqueous phase or added after formation of the emulsion. The ratio of oil phase to aqueous phase may be, for example, approximately from 0.1:1 to about 1:1. The following are non-limiting examples of cosmetic products, including emulsions of the type oil-in-water:

A) Moisturizer for skin

Water is from about 50 to about 90 wt.%

The emulsifier is from about 0.5 to about 5 wt.%

Emollient is from about 1 to about 20 wt.%

Cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer is from about 0.1 to about 20 wt.%

Additional polymer is approximately up to 5 wt.%

Other additives or active substances from about 0.1 to about 3 wt.%

B) Sunscreen

Water is from about 50 to about 90 wt.%

The emulsifier is from about 0.5 to about 5 wt.%

Emollient is from about 1 to about 20 wt.%

Cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer is from about 0.1 to about 20 wt.%

Additional polymer is approximately up to 5 wt.%

Solicitada the second active ingredient is from about 1 to about 25 wt.%

Other additives or active substances from about 0.1 to about 3 wt.%

C) Foam drug or other means of hair styling

Water is from about 50 to about 90 wt.%

The emulsifier is from about 0.5 to about 1 wt.%

Surfactant is from about 0.1 to about 2 wt.%

Cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer is from about 0.1 to about 20 wt.%

Additional polymer is approximately up to 5 wt.%

Other additives or active substances from about 0.1 to about 2 wt.%

The solvent is from about 1 to about 25 wt.%

The propellant is approximately up to 10 wt.%

The following are non-limiting examples of cosmetic products, including alcohol or water system.

A) Colouring shampoo

Water is from about 50 to about 90 wt.%

Surfactant is from about 2 to about 20 wt.%

The foaming agent is approximately up to 20 wt.%

Cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer is from about 0.1 to about 20 wt.%

Additional polymer is approximately up to 5 wt.%

Other additives or active in the society - from about 0.1 to about 10 wt.%

B) hairspray (aerosol and parasol)

Water is from about 10 to about 90 wt.%

Cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer is from about 0.1 to about 20 wt.%

Additional polymer is approximately up to 5 wt.%

Ethanol or other solvents is from about 33 to about 90 wt.%

Optional propellant for aerosol - from about 0 to about 50 wt.%

Other additives or active substances from about 0.1 to about 2 wt.%

C) Shampoo

Water is from about 50 to about 90 wt.%

Surfactant - approximately up to 20 wt.%

The foaming agent is from about 2 to about 20 wt.%

Cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer is from about 0.1 to about 20 wt.%

Additional polymer is approximately up to 5 wt.%

Other additives or active substances from about 0.1 to about 10 wt.%

(D) Means for hair styling

Water is from about 10 to about 90 wt.%

Cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer is from about 0.1 to about 20 wt.%

Additional polymer is approximately up to 5 wt.%

Ethan is l or other solvents - from about 0 to about 10 wt.%

Other additives or active substances from about 0.1 to about 10 wt.%

E) Means for cleaning the body

Water is from about 50 to about 90 wt.%

Surfactant is from about 2 to about 20 wt.%

Cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer is from about 0.1 to about 20 wt.%

Additional polymer is approximately up to 5 wt.%

The foaming agent is approximately up to 20 wt.%

Other additives or active substances from about 0.1 to about 10 wt.%.

Products that use softeners may be used any suitable emollient used in cosmetic compositions. Examples of suitable softening agents include at least one emollient of esters (for example, C12-15 alkylbenzoates) and triglycerides (for example, capillarylike/kaprilat triglycerides); hydrocarbon oils (e.g. mineral oil), natural oil (such as jojoba, safflower oil), tridecylamine, sunflower oil, castor oil, and other compounds used to make the compositions for personal care desired or improved properties from the point of view of the sensual is about or aesthetic perception.

Products that employ emulsifiers may be used in any suitable cosmetic emulsifier having a hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB) in the range from about 1 to about 20. Emulsifiers may be nonionic, cationic, anionic or amphoteric emulsifier or combination of emulsifiers.

Examples of nonionic emulsifiers are, at least one emulsifier of the winners, for example, Laureth-4; zametov, for example, ceteth-1; cetyl ether of polyethylene glycol; ceteareth, for example, ceteareth-25; glycerides of fatty acids of polyglycols; gidrauxilirovannogo lecithin; latinovich esters of fatty acids; and alkylpolyglycoside.

Examples of cationic emulsifiers are, at least one emulsifier of acidimeter-2-hydroxyethylamine of dihydrophosphate; retitrement chloride; retitrement bromide; cocodimonium of methosulfate; and emulsifiers which contain stereoselectivity nitrogen.

Anionic emulsifiers include, for example, at least one emulsifier from alkyl sulphates, sulphates alilovic esters; alkyl sulphonates; alkylarylsulfonates; alkylamines; alkylsulfonates; N-acylcarnitines; aculturated; utilizationof; alkylphosphates; phosphates alilovic ethers, carboxylates alilovic ethers; alpha-reincorporate is in, and salts of alkali and alkaline earth metals such materials (for example, sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium and ammonium salts, trialkylamine, trialkanolamines and alkylalcohol. Sulfates alilovic esters, phosphates alilovic esters and carboxylates alilovic esters can include fragments of ethylene oxide or propylene oxide.

Can also be used surfactants and/or foaming agents, and as well, as in the case of emulsifiers, they can be non-ionic, cationic, anionic or amphoteric, or a combination of such surfactants.

Suitable anionic surfactants are, for example, at least one surfactant of alkyl sulphates, sulphates alilovic esters; alkyl sulphonates; alkylarylsulfonates; alkylamines; alkylsulfonates; N-acylcarnitines; aculturated; utilizationof; alkylphosphates; phosphates alilovic ethers, carboxylates alilovic ethers; alpha-reincorporation, and these can include salts of alkali and alkaline earth metals such materials (for example, sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, and ammonium salts of trialkylamine, trialkanolamines and alkylalcohol. Sulfates alilovic esters, phosphates alilovic esters and carboxylates alilovic esters may include fragments hydroxy is and ethylene and / or propylene oxide.

Suitable amphoteric surfactants are, for example, at least one surfactant from alkylbetaine; alkylamidoamines; alkylsulfonates; allylglycine; alkylcarboxylic; alkylamidoamines or InfoPrint; and alkylamidoamines or empoderamiento. For example, you can use as surface-active substances cocodimethylamine, laurelbethany and cocamidopropylbetaine or comformational sodium.

Examples of nonionic surfactants are the reaction products of aliphatic alcohols having from 6 to 20 carbon atoms in the alkyl chains which may be linear or branched, with ethylene oxide and/or propylene oxide. Also apply at least one of the oxides of bonds alkylamines; mono - or dialkylaminomethyl; ethers of polyethylene glycols of fatty acids; alkylpolyglycoside and esters sorbitan.

Examples of cationic surfactants are Quaternary ammonium compounds, for example, cetyltrimethylammonium chloride, and other surface-active substances which contain the stereoselectivity of nitrogen.

Products that use the propellant or solvent may include at least one substance of isobutane, butane,dimethyl ether and ethanol, and other substances.

Examples of other additional compounds include one or more compounds selected from the group consisting of plasticizers based on organosilicon compounds, natural or synthetic compounds (e.g. polysaccharides, natural or synthetic gums, stabilizers, anionic and non-ionic capable of forming associative thickeners or rheology modifiers, soluble in oil or water phase), and other compounds. The additive may include at least one compound selected from the group consisting of preservatives, stabilizers (for example, xanthan gum), water-holding substances (for example, 2-methyl-1,3-propane diol, sorbitol and hexyleneglycol), antioxidants (e.g. vitamins), rheology modifiers, fragrances and pigments, and other additives.

In some personal care products can be included active compounds that interact with the skin or hair or protect the skin or hair. Examples of such active compounds include at least one connection, for example, of sunscreen compounds (such as zinc oxide, titanium dioxide, octylmethoxycinnamate, 2-ethylhexyl 2-cyano-3,3-diphenyl-2-propenoate, ethylhexylacrylate, oxybenzone); bleach skin (e.g., salicylic acid); anti-cellulite compounds is s; funds from aging (e.g., polypeptides, such as the arginine/lysine, arginine pyrrolidonecarboxylic acid, enzyme aspergilli/quebracho tree, squirrel grain oats, and avocado sterols, proteins, peptides, copper peptides, fermented biopolymers, beta-glucan, active substances from plant material, lysate of bifidobacteria, oil seeds Alexandrian Laurel, tea extract, ceramides, Chlorella, extract Coriolus colored, oil extract witch hazel, hyaluronic acid, eritorious acid, hydrolyzed elastin, hydrolyzed protein, hydrolyzed soy flour, hydrolyzed peptides and vitamins A, E, C, K, B5, and Niacinamide); anti-dandruff (e.g., zinc pyrithione); antiperspirant deodorant compounds (for example, hydrochloride aluminum, tetrachlorohydrex aluminum-zirconium); vitamins (e.g., natural tocopherol, synthetic tocopherol, synthetic tocopherylacetate, retinol, retinilpalmitat, retinella, provitamin B-5, ascorbic acid, ascorbylpalmitate sodium, ascorbicacid, ascorbylpalmitate magnesium); polysaccharides (e.g., hyaluronic acid, b-1,3-glucans, chitosan); plant materials (e.g. aloe Vera, green tea extract, grape seed extract, isoflavones, ReMask the/bisabolol, fennel, it, ginseng, guava); alpha hydroxy acids (e.g. citric acid, glycolic acid, lactic acid), extracts of sugar cane; insect repellents; and coenzymes and enzymes (e.g., ubiquinone, coenzyme Q10). It should be borne in mind that the specific active compounds can belong to more than one category and/or can be used to achieve more than one result.

For the purposes of this invention, silicone oils and additives are considered to be active ingredients. Non-limiting examples of silicone oils or additives that can be entered in personal care products, are the names in accordance with the International nomenclature of cosmetic ingredients include Dimethicone, dimethiconol, siloxane and cyclomethicone. In specific embodiments, implementation, cationic comb-like copolymer according to the invention can increase the deposition of active substances, including silicone oil.

Discussion use drugs for personal hygiene optional "other polymer" in combination with cationic comb-like copolymer

In personal care products can only be used in the composition of the cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer as a means of improving the degree of fat, sensory perception, and/or saguday what it means whereas in other variants of implementation, the compositions can optionally be used up to approximately 5% of the mass. one or more working together for more polymers. Additional polymer (polymers) may be any type of polymer, including polymers that are at least one polymer from non-ionic, amphoteric or zwitter-ionic, anionic, cationic polymer or a mixture of these types of polymers.

Examples of nonionic synthetic additional polymers include at least one polymer from vinylpyrrolidone of homopolymer and copolymers, including polymers, which have a vinyl acetate group, such as, for example, polymers under the trademark Luviskol", including homopolymers Luviskol® K30, K60, K90, and copolymers Luviskol® VA 55 VA 64 Plus, manufactured by BASF AG, and, in addition, Advantage® LS-E company ISP. Natural non-ionic polymers that are suitable for the compositions of the present invention may include at least one of cellulose, starch, chitosan, xanthan gum, guar gum, neutralized shellac and derivatives thereof.

Examples of amphoteric polymers which can be introduced into the composition for personal hygiene together with cationic/cationogenic comb-shaped copolymers include at least one polymer and copolymer, to which were obtained from acrylamide, [meth]acrylic acid and tributyl - aminoethylethanolamine, such as the copolymer of octylacrylamide/acrylate/butylaminoethyl[meth]acrylate, sold under the brand name Amphomer®; a copolymer of Methacrylonitrile and alkyl[meth]acrylate, sold under the brand name Yukaformer, including Yukaformer® AM75; copolymers derived from monomers containing hydroxyl groups and/or sulfonic groups (for example, [meth]acrylic acid and basis of itaconic acid), copolymerizing with monomers such as mono - or dialkylaminoalkyl[meth]acrylates or mono - or diarylamino[met]acrylamide; as well as copolymers obtained, for example, from N-octylacrylamide, methyl[meth]acrylate, hydroxypropyl[meth]acrylate, n-tributylamine[meth]acrylate and/or acrylic acid.

Suitable additional anionic polymers include at least one polymer from homopolymers and copolymers [meth]acrylic acid or its salts; copolymers [meth]acrylic acid and acrylamide or their salts; sodium salts polyhydroxyalkanoic acids; soluble in water or dispersible in water, polyester, polyurethanes (Luviset® P.U.R.) and politician; and copolymers of tertbutylamine, ethyl acrylate, methacrylic acid (for example, Luvimer® 100P).

Other suitable additional anionic polymers are at least one copolymer of Vigilancia the CSOs ether, such as a copolymer metilidinovy ether/maleic acid copolymer, obtained by hydrolysis of vinyl ether/maleic anhydride and produced under the trademark "Gantrez® AN or ES". These polymers may also be partially esterified, such as "Gantrez® ES-225" or "ES 435". Also used ethyl, butyl and isobutyl esters of the copolymer ethylenically ether/maleic acid.

Furthermore, additional examples of anionic polymers include at least one polymer from Balance® CR (acrylate copolymer), Balance® 47 (copolymer octylacrylamide/acrylate/butylaminoethyl), Balance® 0/55 (acrylate copolymer), Aquaflex® FX 64 (ISP; copolymer of isobutylene/ethylmaleimide/hydroxyethylamine), Aquaflex® SF-40 (ISP; copolymer of vinyl pyrrolidone/vinylcaprolactam/dimethylaminopropylamine), Alliance® LT-120 (ISP/Rohm &Hass; copolymer of acrylate/C1-2 succinate/hydroxyacrylates), Aquarez® HS (Eastman; polyester-1), Diaformer® Z-400 (Clariant; copolymer of methacryloyloxyethyl/methacrylate), Diaformer® Z-712 or Z-711 (Clariant; a copolymer of N-oxide methacryloylamido/methacrylate), Omnirez® 200 (ISP; the copolymer monotropy ether poly(metilidinovy ether/maleic acid), Amphomer® HC (copolymer of acrylate/octylacrylamide) Amphomer® 28-4910 copolymer (octylacrylamide/acrylate/butylaminoethyl), Advantage® HC 37 (ISP terpolymer vinylcaprolactam/vinyl pyrrolidone/dimethylaminoethyl the acrylate), Acudyne® 258(Rohm & Haas; acrylate copolymer/hydroxypoly ether acrylate), Luviset® PUR (BASF, polyurethane-1), Eastman® A48 (Eastman).

Moreover, suitable anionic polymers are, at least, for example, a copolymer of vinyl acetate/crotonic acid or vinyl acetate/vinyl neodecanoate/crotonic acid, sold under the trade name "Resyn®"; a copolymer of sodium acrylate/vinyl alcohol, sold under the trade name "Hydagen® F"; polystyrenesulfonate sodium, for example "Flexan® 140"; copolymers of acrylate/acrylic acid/N-tributylamine manufactured under the trade name Ultrahold®1; copolymer of vinyl pyrrolidone/vinyl acetate/taconova acid; and a copolymer of acrylic acid/acrylamide or their sodium salts, manufactured under the trade name "Reten®;" acrylate copolymer, sold under the trade name Salcare® SC 81; copolymer PEG/BCP 25/25 Dimethicone/acrylate, sold under the trade name Luviflex Silk by BASF; copolymers of acrylate/tertbutylamine manufactured under the trade name Ultrahold Strong; the copolymer of vinylcaprolactam/polyvinylpyrrolidone /dimethylaminoethylmethacrylate manufactured under the trade name Advantage LC-E; and the copolymer is a vinyl acetate/crotonate manufactured under the trade name Luviset® C 66.

Cationic polymers that may be used in personal care products in addition to the group is authorized in the invention cationic/cationogenic the comb-shaped copolymers, include cationic polymer of the type of cellulose, sold under the trade name JR from Amerchol®, such as polyquaternium 10 and cationic guar gum, such as qualitatitive chloride, including those produced under the trade name Jaguar®. In addition, chitosan and chitin can also be entered as a cationic natural polymers, along with cationic derivatives of natural polymers such as starches, cellulose and xanthan gum.

Other suitable cationic polymers include any polymer polyquaternium, such as, for example, polyquaternium 6, polyquaternium 7, polyquaternium 11, polyquaternium 16, polyquaternium 22, polyquaternium 24, polyquaternium 28, polyquaternium 30, polyquaternium 36, polyquaternium 37, polyquaternium 46, polyquaternium 67 and polyquaternium 72 and mixtures thereof.

Other examples of additional cationic polymers include at least one salt of a copolymer of vinylpyrrolidone/N-vinylimidazole (for example, Luviquat® FC, Luviquat HM, Luviquat MS, Luviquat Care), copolymers of N-vinyl pyrrolidone/diethylaminoethylmethacrylate, stereoselectivity using diethylsulfate (for example, Luviquat PQ-11); a copolymer salt of N-vinylcaprolactam N-vinylpyrrolidone/N-vinylimidazole (for example, Luviquat Hold); cationic cellulose derivatives (for example, polyquaternium-4 and polyquaternium-10); and a copolymer acrylamide chloride of dimethyldiallylammonium (for example, polyquaternium-7).

The additional polymer may also include organosilicon compounds such as, for example, at least one polymer from polydiorganosiloxane, polydiorganosiloxane, polyallylamine, poliatilenaksida, silicone resins, silicone rubbers or Dimethicone of Aprilov and amidofunctional organosilicon compounds, such as amodimethicone. Other organosilicon compounds include graft polymers of organosiloxane and politikanalyse compounds called on the International nomenclature of cosmetic ingredients polysilicon-9. Can be used any polymer compound having a name on the International nomenclature of cosmetic ingredients, including organic silicon compound, matichon, Dimethicone or siloxane, as part of its name.

Experimental examples of cationic comb-like polymers

EXAMPLES

The invention is further described by the following examples which are given only as illustrations and not as limitations of the attached claims.

In the following examples, the formation of the cationic composition/cationogenic comb-like copolymer according to examples of embodiments used various who's a combination of up to eight out of a total of fourteen acrylic monomers (denoted below as M1-M14), selected from both hydrophilic and hydrophobic esters, amides, alcohols, acids and cations.

In the examples, the composition M1 refers to the monomer BX-CSEM-25/80, a mixture of about 75 wt.% cetil/stearyl politicsi(25)methacrylate, about 5 wt.% methacrylic acid and about 20 wt.% water manufactured by Bimax, Inc. M1 used for the formation of the repeating units of group B.

M2 represents a monomer of group E and refers to n-butyl acrylate, which were purchased from different companies with a purity of 99%.

M3 refers to the monomer CD9075, which is a mixture of approximately 98 wt.% technical laurifolius(4) acrylate with about 2 wt.% lauric alcohol ethoxylates of lauric alcohol, manufactured by Sartomer Co; M3 used for the formation of the repeating units of group B.

M4 refers to the monomer to diacetonitrile purchased with a purity of 98%, the firm Kyowa Hakko Chemical Co. M4 used for the formation of the repeating units of group C.

M5 refers to the monomer to dimethylacrylamide purchased with a purity of 98% the company Kowa American Corp. M5 used for the formation of the repeating units of group C.

M6 refers to the HPMA monomer 97, which is a mixture with a purity of 97-98% to about 75 wt.% hydroxypropylmethacrylate and 25 wt.% hydroxyisovalerate produced Phi is my Evonik Industries. M6 used for the formation of the repeating units of group D.

M7 refers to the monomer of methacrylic acid, which were purchased from different companies with a purity of 99%. M7 used for the formation of the repeating units of group D.

M8 refers to the monomer Ageflex FA1Q80MC*500, 80 wt.% to a solution of 2-acryloyldimethyltaurate chloride in water, manufactured by Ciba Specialty Chemicals. M8 used for the formation of the repeating units of the group A.

M9 refers to the monomer BX-LEM-23/100, a mixture of about 94 wt.% laurifolius(23)methacrylate, 5 wt.% methacrylic acid and 1 wt.% water manufactured by Bimax, Inc. M9 used for the formation of the repeating units of group B.

M10 refers to the monomer of the acrylate, which were purchased from different companies with a purity of 99%. M10 used for the formation of the repeating units of the group E.

M11 refers to 80 wt.% the solution in water of the monomer [2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl]trimethylammoniumchloride manufactured by Sigma-Aldrich. M11 used for the formation of the repeating units of the group A.

M12 refers to the monomer n-butyl methacrylate, which were purchased from different companies with a purity of 99%. M12 used for the formation of the repeating units of the group E.

M13 refers to the monomer Mhoromer BM613, which is 50 wt.% the solution trimethylaminoethyl is midflorida in water, manufactured by Evonik Industries. M13 was used for the formation of the repeating units of the group A.

M14 refers to the monomer methacrylamide produced with a purity of 98% by the company Sigma-Aldrich. M14 used for the formation of the repeating units of group C.

If not specified otherwise, the initiator of polymerization in each case was 97 wt.% the dihydrochloride 2,2'-azobis-2-methylpropionamidine (also known as V50), manufactured by Wako Chemicals USA.

Example 1

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing to 121.0 grams of M1, the 96.3 grams of M3, 41,25 grams M6 and 51.6 grams of M8 with 220 grams of 2-propanol (IPA).

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 212 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes, stirring this up to a temperature of 65°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 70°C. was Added to the remaining 318 grams of a mixture of monomers of 27.5 grams extra IPA, was barbotirovany nitrogen and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.1 grams V50 dissolved 6.1 grams of deionized (DI) water and 6.1 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for deposits is built on the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 65°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.0 grams V50 5.0 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. Within 1 minute, the contents of the reactor was beginning to lose transparency, and simultaneously started the temperature rise. After 5 minutes, the contents were turned into translucent white mixture, and the temperature was raised to 70°C. After 6 minutes, included pumps for pending at the time of implementation, as the initiator, and a mixture of monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. Increase gradually the temperature of the water bath to 80°C during the first 30 minutes was deferred at the time of introduction, the temperature in the reactor was slowly increased to 73°C. To the time when all the mixture of monomers was added to the reactor, the temperature was increased to 81°C, and the contents became viscous and white. After it was added to the mixture of the initiator, the reactor was further heated, and the process was carried out at 85°C for another 2 hours.

Then began to barbthroat nitrogen, and was given the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum and removal of the volatile solvent with additional heated on a water bath to maintain the temperature of the contents of the reactor at the level of 86-87°C. After 15 minutes barbatio the project under vacuum, added 150 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, resulting in the contents of the reactor became fully transparent. After I added 173 grams of hot water, the contents became translucent, but, nevertheless, pervious to light. The viscosity of the polymer solution was increased by removal of the solvent, while the bubbling under vacuum was carried out for a further 3 hours. Finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.0 grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a translucent viscous liquid.

Example 2

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 41,25 grams M5, 192.5 kg grams M3 and 51.6 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 202 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes, stirring with up to 65°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 70°C. was Added to the remaining 303 grams of a mixture of monomers of 27.8 grams extra IPA, was barbotirovany nitrogen and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC Mixture of initiator, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved 8.0 g of deionized water and 7.7 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 65°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 7.1 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. Within 1 minute, the contents of the reactor were muddy, and the temperature was rapidly increased to 74°C. was Added additional 7.5 grams of IPA, and the temperature is then decreased. After 4 minutes, included pumps for pending at the time of implementation, as the initiator, and a mixture of monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. Increase gradually the temperature of the water bath to 75°C for pending at the time of introduction, the temperature in the reactor was slowly increased to 73°C. After was added to the mixture of the initiator, the reactor was further heated, and the process was carried out at 75°C for a further 2 hours.

Then began to barbthroat nitrogen, and was given the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum and removal of the volatile solvent with additional heated on a water bath to maintain the temperature of the contents of the reactor at the level 82-87°C. the via 1 hour ozonation under vacuum, added 324 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water to reduce sufficient viscosity to preserve the possibility of circulation. Bubbling under vacuum was continued for another 2 hours. Finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature and was added 3.0 grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was an opaque liquid, slowly stratifying on two transparent layer.

Example 3

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 55,0 grams M4, of 82.5 grams M5, 61,9 grams of M3, 61,9 grams M2 and 17.2 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C and 199 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 62°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 70°C. To the remaining 299 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA, was barbotirovany nitrogen and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.7 grams V50 dissolved in 9.1 grams of deionized water and 9.1 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe about what yamam 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 62°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.6 grams V50 8.3 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. Within 1 minute, the contents of the reactor was beginning to lose transparency, and simultaneously started the temperature rise. After 17 minutes, the contents were turned into translucent white mixture, and the temperature was raised to 80°C. After 6 minutes, included pumps for pending at the time of implementation, as the initiator, and a mixture of monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. Increase gradually the temperature of the water bath to 80°C during the first 20 minutes was deferred at the time of implementation, during which the temperature in the first reactor was falling, and then was set at about 72°C. To the time when all the mixture of monomers was added to the reactor, the temperature was increased to 81°C, and the contents became viscous and white. After it was added to the mixture of the initiator, the reactor was further heated, and the process was carried out at 85°C for another 2 hours.

Then began to barbthroat nitrogen, and was given the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum and removal of the volatile solvent, with additional heated on a water bath to maintain the temperature of the contents of the reaction is ora-level 74-78°C. After 10 minutes of ozonation under vacuum, was added 250 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, resulting in the contents of the reactor became fully transparent. Added additional 173 grams of hot water, and the contents remained transparent. The viscosity of the polymer solution was increased by removal of the solvent, while the bubbling under vacuum was carried out for a further 3 hours. Finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.0 grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a transparent viscous liquid.

Example 4

The initial mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing of 75.6 grams M3 and 55.0 grams M4 with 121 grams of IPA.

The mixture was loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 20 minutes when heated to 66°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 71°C.

The second mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing of 75.6 grams of M3, 55,0 grams M4 and 8.6 grams of M8 with an 82.5 grams of IPA. Was barbotirovany through it nitrogen, was heated to 50°C and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC.

Received a mixture of initiator pending at the time of implementation, consisting of 1.6 grams V50 dissolved in 9.1 grams of deionized water and 9.1 grams IPA. The mixture was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

The polymerization was started by adding to the reactor the mixture immediately in one piece.

After 20 minutes at 69°C, included pumps for pending at the time of the filing of the monomer and initiator, which were set to turn off after 60 minutes. With the introduction of raw materials, the process temperature is maintained constant at 71-72°C with minimal heat. After the introduction of the raw material the temperature was raised up to 73-74°C and maintained at this level for another 30 minutes. Then was added a mixture of 0.5 grams V50 4.4 grams of deionized water, and the temperature was increased to 81°C for 50 minutes. Added another mixture of 0.6 grams V50 5.4 grams of deionized water, and maintained the temperature for another 20 minutes. Added 79 grams of hot deionized water, making the polymer mixture is transparent. Removal of solvent used by bubbling nitrogen at a partial vacuum within 2½ hours, and during this period of time and in total was added 190 grams of hot deionized water, and polymer blend polymer blend was pearl color and more viscous.

The obtained viscous polymer liquid was kept in a drying Cabinet at 50°C overnight, after which it was separated by a transparent layer of low viscosity, and 140 grams of this layer decantation, resulting remained about 480 grams of the polymer mixture. The appearance of the final product at 20°C was a mother-of-pearl/semi-transparent viscous liquid.

Example 5

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing to 121.0 grams of M1, the 96.3 grams of M3, of 4.25 grams M6 and 51.6 grams of M8 with 220 grams of 2-propanol (IPA).

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 212 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes when heated to 67°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of >67°C. To the remaining 318 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC.

An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.1 grams V50 dissolved in 3.3 grams of deionized water and 8.8 grams of methanol (MeOH)was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for deferred postpone the introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 67°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 0.99 grams V50 at 2.48 grams of deionized water and 2.48 grams MeOH immediately in one piece. Within 1 minute, the contents of the reactor were losing transparency. After 4 minutes, the temperature of the mixture was loaded begun to grow. After 9 minutes, the temperature rose to 67°C, and were included pumps for pending at the time of implementation, as the initiator, and a mixture of monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. The temperature of the water bath is raised to 90°C for 23 minutes. To the time when the reactor was added the mixture of monomers, the temperature of the loaded mixture was raised to 76°C, and the contents became viscous and white. After it was added to the mixture of the initiator, the temperature in the reactor was maintained at 76°C and the process was carried out for another 2 hours and 20 minutes.

Then began to barbthroat nitrogen and connected the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum and removal of the volatile solvent, with additional heated on a water bath to maintain the temperature of the contents of the reactor at the level 68-70°C. After 15 minutes ozonation under vacuum, was added 321 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water. After 1 hour and 15 minutes was added 139,5 Gras the MOU hot water, and the viscosity of the polymer solution was increased by removal of the solvent, while the bubbling under vacuum was continued for a further 1 hour 15 minutes. Finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature and was added 3.0 grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was an opaque viscous liquid.

Example 6

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 41,25 grams M5, 192.5 kg grams M3 and 51.6 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 202 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 65°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 68°C. To the remaining 303 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved in 4.3 grams of deionized water and 11.4 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 65°C, initiated polymerization by to the Alenia into the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 3.6 grams of deionized water and 3.6 g of MeOH at once in one piece. Within 1 minute, the contents of the reactor were muddy, and the temperature was rapidly increased to 73°C. was Added an additional 2.3 g of IPA, and kept the temperature at a constant level. After 3 minutes, included pumps for pending at the time of implementation, as the initiator, and a mixture of monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. Increase gradually the temperature of the water bath to 79°C for pending at the time of introduction, the temperature in the reactor was slowly increased to 77°C. After was added to the mixture of the initiator, the process was carried out at 75°C for a further 2 hours.

Then began to barbthroat nitrogen, and was given the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum and removal of the volatile solvent, with additional heated on a water bath to maintain the temperature of the contents of the reactor at the level of >66°C. After 15 minutes ozonation under vacuum, was added 123 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, which made the mixture is transparent. Then add water up to 321 grams did a mixture of cloudy and opaque. Bubbling under vacuum was continued for a further 3.5 hours. Finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.0 grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide in to the amount of preservative. The appearance of the final product was a clear liquid.

Example 7

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 144,4 grams of M3, of 82.5 grams M5, with 34.4 grams M4, and 17.2 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C and 199 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes when heated to 64°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 66°C. To the remaining 299 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved in 4.3 grams of deionized water and 11.4 grams of MeOH, was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 64°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 3.6 grams of deionized water and 3.6 g of MeOH at once in one piece. Within 1 minute, the contents of the reactor were muddy. When a small thermal effect, after 3 minutes the temperature was raised to 82°C. When the temperature of the mixture, still is it to match the temperature of the water bath, on the 16th minute, he started to enter the initiator. On 24 minutes the temperature was raised again to 90.7°C, and started typing monomer. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. 30 minute added an additional 0.5 gram of the mixture of the initiator for the manifestation of the exothermic effect. During the delayed time of the introduction of the temperature of the water bath was maintained in the range of 70-80°C. when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator mixture was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 77°C, and the content was kind of cloudy/milky-white mixture. Then there was the process for 2 hours and 10 minutes.

Then began to barbthroat nitrogen, and was given the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum and removal of the volatile solvent, with additional heat using a water bath to maintain the temperature of the contents of the reactor in the range of 70-80°C. After 15 minutes ozonation under vacuum, was added 89 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, resulting in the contents of the reactor became fully transparent. Added additional 232 grams of hot water, and the contents become white. The viscosity of the polymer solution was increased by removal of the solvent, while the bubbling under vacuum was carried out for a further 2 hours and 20 min. Finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature and was added 3.0 grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a transparent viscous liquid.

Example 8

The mixture of monomers was obtained by mixing and 29.6 grams of M1, 39,8 grams M7, to 22.5 grams M2, to 82.9 grams M6, of 38.5 grams of M3, of 13.8 grams M4 and to 68.8 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 206 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 65°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 68°C. To the remaining 309 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved in 4.3 grams of deionized water and 11.4 grams of MeOH, was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 65°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 2.5 grams of deionized water and 2.5 grammarman immediately in one piece. Within 3 minutes, the temperature of the contents in the reactor began to grow, and the mixture became turbid. After 6 minutes, put the mixture became white, and the temperature was increased to 90°C. For 8 minutes, put the mixture was characterized by the presence of two different phases, with increased viscosity. On the 9th minute, the temperature of the contents was raised to 82°C, and included pumps for pending at the time of implementation, as the initiator, and a mixture of monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. The temperature was 81°C to a point in time when the reactor was introduced the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers, and 76°C by the end of the introduction of the initiator. The content was a viscous and the white mass, and the process was carried out at 73-76°C for another 2 hours and 20 minutes.

At this stage the temperature was raised to 100°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, and was given the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After 10 minutes of ozonation, was added 176 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, which made the mixture is transparent. The addition of 159 grams of water resulted in a relatively transparent mixture. The bubbling was continued for another 2 hours and 10 minutes. Finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature the s, and was added 3.0 grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a translucent viscous liquid.

Example 9

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing the 122.7 grams of M3, with 20.4 grams M4, with 20.4 grams M5, 10,2 grams M7 and to 38.3 grams of M8 with 128,3 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 170 grams (50%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 20 minutes when heated to 76°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 88°C. To the remaining 169 grams of the mixture of monomers was added 29,0 grams extra IPA, was barbotirovany nitrogen and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 0.79 grams V50 dissolved 4.0 g of deionized water and 4.0 grams of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

The polymerization was started as soon as added to the reactor at once one portion of the initiator mixture, consisting of 0.79 grams V50 dissolved 4.0 g of deionized water and 4.0 grams of IPA.

Virtually mcneven is, content has become opaque and white, and rapidly increasing temperature. After 3 minutes, the temperature stabilized at 83°C, and included pumps for pending at the time of implementation, as the initiator, and a mixture of monomers. Feed mixtures of monomers and initiator was adjusted through 60 minutes. Within the first 20 minutes was deferred at the time of implementation was gradually raised the temperature of the water bath to 88°C. five minutes later, after both of the mixture of monomers and initiator were used, was the temperature of the water bath, and kept loaded the mixture at 83°C. When the opaque solution was added 85 grams of deionized water, he became transparent. Added 118 grams of additional water, and the solution became more viscous and milky white. Started bubbling nitrogen at a partial vacuum to remove solvent vapor for 4 hours at 90°C. Dumped vacuum, and stopped bubbling, then cooled to room temperature. The appearance of the final product was a translucent viscous liquid.

Example 10

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 112,38 grams of M1, 37,81 grams M2, 41,26 grams M6, 51,57 grams M3 and 68.75 kilopascals grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 213 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity is u 1 l, equipped with a mixer stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 66°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 68°C. To the remaining 319 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved in 4.3 grams of deionized water and 11.4 grams of MeOH, was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 66°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 2.5 grams of deionized water and 2.5 grams of MeOH at once in one piece. Within 1 minute, started to rise the temperature of the contents in the reactor, and the mixture became white. After 4 minutes, the temperature of the mixture was 70°C, and it increased to 88°C. For 6 minutes, the temperature of the contents was raised to 71°C, and included pumps for pending at the time of implementation, as the initiator, and a mixture of monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and ini is iator was loaded into the reactor, the temperature was 73-77°C. the Content was a viscous mixture of white, and the process is conducted at temperatures above 71°C for a further 2 hours.

At this stage, the temperature was 71°C, and it increased to 100°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, and was given the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After 40 minutes of ozonation, was added 160 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, which made the mixture to some extent transparent. The addition of 172 grams of water was again led to a mixture of white color. The bubbling was continued for another 2 hours and 10 minutes. Finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.0 grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was an opaque viscous liquid.

Example 11

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 120,66 grams of M1, of 7.23 grams M7, 103,15 grams M2, 41,27 grams M5, 13,76 grams M3 and 17,21 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 209 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes when heated to 67°C by immersing the reactor in a water BA is Yu with a temperature of 68°C. The remaining 314 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.6 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved in 4.3 grams of deionized water and 11.4 grams of MeOH, was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 67°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 2.5 grams of deionized water and 2.5 grams of MeOH at once in one piece. Within 1 minute, the contents of the reactor was white. After 8 minutes when the temperature of the loaded mixture of about 67°C, the temperature was raised to 89°C. In the 23rd minute, the temperature of the contents was 71°C, and included a pump for supplying additional initiator. On the 25th minute, when a small thermal effect, more of 5.4 grams of initiator were placed directly in the download. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 79°C. the Content was a viscous and opaque mass, and the process was carried out at is the temperature above 74°C for another 2 hours.

At this stage the temperature was 74°C, and the temperature was raised to 100°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, and was given the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. Downloaded the mixture was transparent with a reddish tint. After 40 minutes of ozonation, were added 25 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, which made the mixture to some extent opaque. The addition of 182 grams of water did downloaded the mixture is opaque. Last added 124 grams carried out when the loaded mixture was still opaque. Bubbling of nitrogen was continued for another 2 hours and 10 minutes. Finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.0 grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was an opaque viscous liquid.

Example 12

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 129,67 grams of M1, 29,77 grams M2, 41,29 grams M6, 73,35 grams M3 and 34,90 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 211 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 63°C by immersing the reactor in a water ban is with a temperature of 67°C. The remaining 317 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved in 4.3 grams of deionized water and 11.4 grams of MeOH, was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 63°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 2.5 grams of deionized water and 2.5 grams of MeOH at once in one piece. Within 1 minute, the contents of the reactor was white, and started to rise the temperature. After 5 minutes, when the temperature of the mixture loaded 66°C included pumps for pending at the time of implementation, as the initiator, and a mixture of monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 81°C. the Contents were bluish cloudy/translucent appearance, and the process was carried out at a temperature above 67°C for another 3 hours and 20 minutes.

At this stage, the temperature of the reaction mixture was 68°C, and the temperature of the water manipulacao to 101°C. Started bubbling nitrogen, and was given the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. The reaction mixture was brown and was opaque. After 1 hour and 20 minutes of ozonation, was added 142 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, making a mixture of yellowish-brown and opaque. Last add 180 grams carried out when the loaded mixture was still opaque. The bubbling was continued for another 30 minutes. Finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.0 grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was an opaque viscous liquid.

Example 13

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 96,75 grams M9, 8,49 grams M7, 103,15 grams M2, 41,27 grams M5, 13,80 grams M3 and 17,20 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 200 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes when heated to 67°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 70°C. To the remaining 300 grams of a mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel the C of Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved in 4.3 grams of deionized water and 11.4 grams of MeOH, was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 67°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 2.5 grams of deionized water and 2.5 grams of MeOH at once in one piece. Within 1.5 minutes, the contents of the reactor became opaque, and started to rise the temperature. After 6 minutes, when the temperature of the loaded mixture at 75°C was included pumps for pending at the time of implementation, as the initiator, and a mixture of monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 77°C. the Content was an opaque mass, and the process is conducted at temperatures above 75°C for a further 1 hour 50 minutes.

At this stage the temperature was 75°C, and the temperature was increased to 101°C. was Started bubbling nitrogen, and was given the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. The reaction mixture had a red tint and was opaque. After 1 hour 11 minutes barbotin the tion, added 142 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, which made the mixture more transparent. The latest addition of 205 grams exercised when returning reddish coloration mixture, but perhaps this was due to the presence of air bubbles. The bubbling was continued for another 1 hour and 45 minutes. Finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.0 grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a translucent viscous liquid.

Example 14

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 84,33 grams M9, 68.75 kilopascals grams M10, 55,0 grams M6, 41,25 grams M3 and 34,38 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 201 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes when heated to 64°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 66°C. To the remaining 300 grams of a mixture of monomers was added, and 27.9 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved in 4.3 grams of deionized water I,4 grams MeOH, added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 64°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 2.5 grams of deionized water and 2.5 grams of MeOH at once in one piece. Within 1 minute, the contents of the reactor became opaque, and started to slightly increase the temperature. After 3 minutes, the temperature was raised to 85°C. For 5 minutes, when the temperature of the mixture 66°C included pumps for pending at the time of implementation, as the initiator, and a mixture of monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. The temperature was 75°C to a point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor. Appearance content had a pearly color, and the process is conducted at temperatures above 71°C for a further 2 hours.

At this stage, the temperature was 71°C, and the temperature was increased to 101°C. After 30 minutes, started bubbling nitrogen, and was given the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. The mixture was pearl color. After 45 minutes of ozonation, was added to 323 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, while in the process of adding in Asni views of the mixture did not change. The bubbling was continued for another 1 hour and 37 minutes. Finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.0 grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a translucent viscous liquid.

Example 15

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 112,45 grams M9, 82,52 grams M6, 55,01 grams of M3, and 34,38 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 202 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes when heated to 67°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 68°C. To the remaining 300 grams of a mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved in 4.3 grams of deionized water and 11.4 grams of MeOH, was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 67°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 5 grams of deionize vannoy water immediately in one piece. Within 1.5 minutes, the contents of the reactor became opaque, and started to slightly increase the temperature; the temperature was raised to 85°C. After 6 minutes, when the temperature of the mixture to 70°C included pumps for pending at the time of implementation as the initiator, and a mixture of monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. The temperature was 67°C, when on 20 minutes the temperature was raised to 90°C. To the time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 78.5°C, and the contents became opaque. The process was carried out at a temperature above 69°C for another 2 hours and 20 minutes.

At this stage the temperature was 69°C, and the temperature rose to 101°C. was Started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After 1 hour ozonation, was added 325 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, while in the process of adding there was no changing the appearance of the mixture, but, apparently, there was a small decrease in viscosity. The bubbling was continued for another 1 hour and 50 minutes. Finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.0 grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide is as a preservative. The appearance of the final product was a translucent viscous liquid.

Example 16

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 139,18 grams of M1, 33,69 grams M7, 96,27 grams M2, and 42,05 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 213 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 65°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 67°C. the remaining 319 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved in 4.3 grams of deionized water and 114 grams of MeOH, was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 65°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 5 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. Less than one minute, the contents of the reactor became opaque, and started to slightly increase the temperature. In the first minute, the contents had a white color, and the pace which the temperature was raised to 90°C. After 4 minutes, when the temperature of the mixture to 65°C after a very small exothermic effect, included pump for pending at the time of introduction of the mixture of the initiator. On the 9th minute, at a temperature of 66°C, consisted of a pump for feeding monomer. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 76°C, and the content was white. The process is conducted at temperatures above 71°C for a further 2 hours and 30 minutes.

At this stage, the temperature was 71°C, and the temperature was increased to 101°C. was Started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After 1 hour ozonation, added 61 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, and the color content was changed to pearl. The final addition of 283 grams of water was returned to the mixture of white color. The bubbling was continued for another 1 hour and 20 minutes. Finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.0 grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was an opaque viscous liquid.

Example 17

The mixture m is of the rooms was obtained by mixing 112,1 grams of M3, 64.1 grams M5, 24,0 grams M14 and 20.0 grams of M8 with 120 grams of IPA and 4.8 grams of deionized water.

The mixture of monomers were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 15 minutes while heating to 71°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 86°C. the initiator Mixture, consisting of 0.91 grams V50 dissolved in 3.6 grams of deionized water and 1.0 g of IPA was added to the reactor at once in one piece.

After one minute, the content became more and more opaque, and after 2 minutes, the temperature rose rapidly to 83°C. After 12 minutes, significantly increased the viscosity of opaque solution, and boiling under reflux was stopped. The mixture was stirred at 85°C for another 58 minutes, during which time was added 90 grams of hot deionized water, resulting in the contents became transparent. Was added 150 grams of deionized water, resulting in the contents again became opaque. Bubbling of nitrogen at a partial vacuum within 90 minutes was used to remove solvent vapor, then cooled to room temperature. The appearance of the final product was an opaque viscous liquid.

Example 18

the Mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 140,55 grams M9, 82,50 grams M6, 27,52 grams M5, and 34,45 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 202 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 66°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 69°C. To the remaining 303 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved in 4.3 grams of deionized water and 11.4 grams of MeOH, was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 65°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 5 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. Less than 2 minutes, the contents of the reactor became opaque, and started to slightly increase the temperature. At that time the temperature was set to 90°C. After 5 minutes, when the temperature of the mixture to 70°C and the steady-state exothermic effect, included pump for deferred-time feed of the mixture of the initiator. 7 minute PR is the value of temperature is still 70°C, included pump for feeding monomer. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 81°C, and the contents were translucent. The process is conducted at temperatures above 77°C for another 3 hours and 20 minutes.

At this stage, the temperature was 77°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After 30 minutes of ozonation, was added 131 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, with the appearance of the mixture became somewhat transparent. With the final addition of 194 grams of water, the mixture remained clear. The bubbling was continued for another 1 hour and 30 minutes. Finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.0 grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a transparent viscous liquid.

Example 19

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 121, 1million grams of M1, 68,79 grams M10, 96,28 grams M5 and 17,20 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 209 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova eat the awn 1 l, equipped with a mixer stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 66°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 67°C. the remaining 314 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved in 4.3 grams of deionized water and 11.4 grams of MeOH, was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 66°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 5 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. After 2 minutes, the contents of the reactor became opaque, and the temperature began to quickly rise. Brought the temperature up to 90°C, and began to introduce the monomer while minimizing the exothermic effect. After 3 minutes, with continued increase in the temperature up to 82°C, was added 15,48 g IPA for cooling the reaction mixture. On the 7th minute, the temperature of the water bath is reduced by using cold water to reduce the heat dissipation, and included a pump for pending at the time of introduction of the mixture of the initiator. Was the regulated flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes and submission of the initiator mixture after 90 minutes. On 39 minutes, at a temperature of 76°C, was added addition of 3.06 g of IPA, in order to once again cooling the reaction mixture. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 76°C, and the content was a transparent mixture with a pinkish tinge. The process is conducted at temperatures above 73°C for another 2 hours and 30 minutes.

At this stage the temperature was 74°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After 50 minutes of ozonation, were added to 106 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, the appearance has changed somewhat transparent. With the final addition of 220 grams of water, appearance was transparent. The bubbling was continued for another 1 hour and 30 minutes. Finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and added with 3.1 grams of 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a transparent viscous liquid.

Example 20

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 69,17 grams of M1, 55,01 grams M12, 82,57 grams of M3, 68.75 kilopascals grams M5 and 17,21 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

A mixture of a monomial is the moat was heated to 50°C, and 209 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 66°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 68°C. To the remaining 308 grams of a mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved in 4.3 grams of deionized water and 11.4 grams of MeOH, was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 66°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 5 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. Less than 1 minute, the contents of the reactor became opaque. At 2.5 minutes, set the temperature to 90°C, and added directly to the reactor of 3.42 grams of initiator solution. After 4.5 minutes, with the temperature still 66°C, started the flow initiator. On 10 minutes, the temperature was 67°C, and included a pump for pending at the time of introduction of the mixture of monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and p is the Lodge initiator mixture after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 81°C, and the content was an opaque mixture with a pinkish tinge. The process is conducted at temperatures above 72°C for another 2 hours.

At this stage, the temperature was 72°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After 1 hour ozonation, was added 70 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, the mixture became white. After the final addition of 262 grams of water and the mixture was left white. The bubbling was continued for another 1 hour and 20 minutes. Finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added to 3.2 grams of 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a transparent viscous liquid.

Example 21

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 121,11 grams of M1, 41,30 grams M6, 96,25 grams M3 and 51,57 grams of M8 with 55 grams of IPA and 165 grams of propylene glycol.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 212 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany the soup nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 65°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 67°C. The remaining 318 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved 12.1 grams of deionized water was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 65°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 7 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. Less than 1 minute, the temperature in the reactor began to rise. At 3 minutes, the temperature was brought to 90°C. After 7 minutes, the temperature was 80.5°C, and included a pump for pending at the time of introduction of the mixture of monomers for cooling the reaction mixture. On 8 minutes, with continued temperature increases to 82.7°C, was added 5.20 g of IPA to minimize the exothermic effect, and started the flow initiator. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 73°C, and the content was clear. The process was carried out at a temperature of approximately 75°C for a further 1 hour and 40 minutes then the reactor was stopped, in order to continue the process the next day.

On the second day, the temperature in the reactor was 18°C, and was included heated to 90°C. After 3 hours and 11 minutes, the temperature reached 72°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After 25 minutes of ozonation, was added directly to the reactor 1.65 grams V50 and 19,80 grams of propylene glycol. On the 4 hour and 27 minutes, the temperature was raised up to 110.7°C. finally, at 7 o'clock, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added to 3.2 grams of 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a transparent viscous liquid.

Example 22

The initial mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing of 74.3 grams of M3 and 82.5 grams M5 with 100 grams of IPA.

The mixture was loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 20 minutes when heated to 69°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 72°C.

The second mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing of 49.6 grams of M3, 55,0 grams M5 and 6.9 grams of M8 with 99,1 grams of IPA. Through this mixture was barbotirovany nitrogen, was heated to 50°C, and howled the Vali into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC.

Got the original initiator mixture, consisting of 1.3 grams V50 dissolved 9.0 g of deionized water and 10,36 grams M8.

Received a mixture of initiator pending at the time of implementation, consisting of 1.3 grams V50 dissolved 6.9 grams of deionized water and 6.9 grams IPA. The mixture was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

The polymerization was started by adding to the reactor the mixture immediately in one piece.

The temperature rose very quickly, and after 2 minutes the mixture began to boil in the presence of a reverse refrigerator at 92°C for removing heated water bath. Included pumps pending at the time of the filing of the monomer and initiator, adjusted for the after work for 30 minutes before lowering the temperature to 65°C. were Used barbotirovanie of nitrogen at a partial vacuum to remove the solvent for 3 hours, and during this period of time within the first hour was applied using a pump 407 grams of deionized water. Polymer mixture became extremely viscous but remained transparent.

The obtained viscous polymer liquid was kept at 50°C in an oven overnight to remove very small bubbles of nitrogen. The appearance of the final product at 20°C was a pet is any extremely viscous gel.

Example 23

The mixture of monomers for the initial load in the reactor was prepared by mixing 25,94 grams of M1, 20,67 grams M7, 13,80 grams M2, 6,92 grams of M3, 48,14 grams M4 and 34,37 grams of M8 with 121,25 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor was prepared by mixing to 26.02 grams of M1, 20,66 grams M7, 13,74 grams M2, 6,87 grams of M3, 48,13 grams M4 and to 34.36 grams of M8 and 132,58 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and the mixture of monomers for the initial load in the reactor was loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 58°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 66°C. a Mixture of monomers for pending at the time of introduction was poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved in 8 grams of deionized water and 8 grams of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 58°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.6 grams V50 7.7 grams of deionized water immediately one is Orcia. The contents of the reactor became opaque after 7 minutes and white after 10 minutes, and during this time has been increasing steadily temperature. 14.5 minutes, the temperature was 72°C, and included pumps for pending at the time of introduction of the initiator and mixtures of monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 70°C, and the process is conducted at temperatures above 72°C for another 2 hours and 30 minutes.

At this stage the temperature was 80°C, was added 170 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, making the content clear. With the final addition of 153 grams of water appearance was basically transparent. 3 hours and 54 minutes, started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. The bubbling stopped, then resumed at 21 hours and 48 minutes when he added 183 grams of hot deionized water, which increased the viscosity. The bubbling was continued for another 0.5 hour, and the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and after a few weeks, was added 3.0 grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide in quality is the firmness of the preservative during the transfer to a new container. The appearance of the final product was a viscous liquid pearl color.

Example 24

The mixture of monomers for the initial load in the reactor was prepared by mixing 56,19 grams of M1, 37,81 grams M2, to 6.88 grams of M3, 20,63 grams M5 and 34,38 grams of M8 with 137,50 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor was prepared by mixing 56,20 grams of M1, 37,82 grams M2, 6,89 grams of M3, 20,64 grams M5 and 34,45 grams of M8 with 104,50 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and the mixture of monomers for the initial load in the reactor was loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes when heated to 61°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 68°C. a Mixture of monomers for pending at the time of introduction was poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.3 grams V50 dissolved in 7 grams of deionized water and 7 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 61°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor under stirring with the art of 1.1 grams V50 5.5 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. To 7 minutes, the content was opaque and had a temperature of 66°C, included pumps for pending at the time of introduction of the initiator and mixtures of monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 71°C and the process was carried out for 1 hour.

At this stage the temperature was 75°C, and added ~100 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, making the content more transparent. Adding 224 grams of water was maintained transparency with whitish tint. At 3 o'clock and 58 minutes, started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent, and were added 240 grams of hot deionized water, which reduced the viscosity. The bubbling was continued for another 1 hour and 5 minutes. Finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and after a few weeks, was added 3.0 grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as a preservative during the transfer to a new container. The appearance of the final product was an opaque viscous liquid.

Example 25

The mixture of monomers for the initial loading into the reactor g is touili by mixing 31,13 grams of M1, 19,29 grams M2, of 5.50 grams of M3, 55,06 grams M5 and to 6.88 grams of M8 with 110,01 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor was prepared by mixing grams of 46.68 M1, 28,88 grams M2, of 8.25 grams of M3, 82,50 grams M5 and the 10.40 grams of M8 with 132,00 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and the mixture of monomers for the initial load in the reactor was loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 55°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 75°C. a Mixture of monomers for pending at the time of introduction was poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.7 grams V50 dissolved in 9 grams of deionized water and 9 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 55°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 7.2 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. To 2 minutes, the temperature of the reactor was 56,8°C and steadily increased to 76°C 12.5 minute when included pumps for delayed time and the introduction of the initiator and mixtures of monomers. Pump for pending at the time of introduction of the monomer was incorporated on 14 minutes, when the water bath was added cold water to reduce the exothermic effect. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, was not used 3,2 grams introduced a mixture of the initiator, and the temperature was 70°C. the Process was carried out for 1 hour 25 minutes.

At this stage, the temperature was 65°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. At 4 o'clock in the 2nd minute of added 362,96 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, which made the contents of milky-white. The bubbling was continued for another 1 hour and 30 minutes. Finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and after a few weeks, was added 3.0 grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as a preservative during the transfer to a new container. The appearance of the final product was an opaque viscous liquid.

Example 26

The mixture of monomers for the initial load in the reactor was prepared by mixing 52,00 grams of M1, 35,72 grams M2, of 5.50 grams of M3, 22,03 grams M4 and 6,90 grammom with 110,01 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor was prepared by mixing 77,80 grams of M1, 53,64 grams M2, of 8.25 grams of M3, 33,00 grams M4 and 10,33 grams of M8 with 132,02 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and the mixture of monomers for the initial load in the reactor was loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes when heated to 64°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 70°C. a Mixture of monomers for pending at the time of introduction was poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.1 grams V50 dissolved in 6 grams of deionized water and 6 grams of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 64°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.1 grams V50 5.6 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. To 19,5 minute when the temperature of the mixture was loaded $ 69.4°C, the temperature is gradually raised to 90°C. In the 23rd minute, when the temperature of the loaded mixture was 70,5°C, included pumps for deferred on the straps of the introduction of the initiator and mixtures of monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 81°C and the process was carried out for 1 hour 10 minutes.

At this stage the temperature was 80°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. 3 hours 52 minutes, was added 119 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, which made the contents of the white and led to a sharp increase in viscosity. To reduce the viscosity was added 199,57 grams of water and 155 grams of IPA, and turned off the motor stirrer for 4 hours and 19 minutes. The viscosity continued to grow and has added 180 grams of water at 5.5 hours, and bubbling was continued for another 30 minutes. Finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and after a few weeks, was added 3.0 grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as a preservative during the transfer to a new container. The appearance of the final product was a viscous liquid pearl color.

Example 27

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 62,73 grams of M1, 26,69 grams M4, 17,60 grams M5, 23,82 grams M6, 15,05 grams M7, 68,50 grams of M3, 46,12 grams Mi 38,96 grams of M8 with 110,05 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 206 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 63°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 70°C. To the remaining 309 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved in 8 grams of water and 8 grams of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 63°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 7 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. The mixture became opaque after 1.5 minutes. 10.8 minutes, the temperature was brought up to 87°C, and after 2.5 minutes included pump for pending at the time of introduction of the mixture of the initiator. On 20 minutes the temperature was raised to 90°C, and then after 8.5 minutes was directly added to a mixture of the initiator/water. On 36 minutes started feeding the mixture of monomers at a temperature of 67°C. was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and podcasts initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 75°C. the Process was carried out at temperatures above 80°C for another 2 hours and 15 minutes.

At this stage, the temperature was 76°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After 25 minutes of ozonation, was added directly to the reactor 301,8 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water and kept bubbling. Finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and after a few weeks, was added 3.0 grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as a preservative during the transfer to a new container. The appearance of the final product was a translucent viscous liquid.

Example 28

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 55,0 grams M5, of 82.5 grams M6, 92,81 grams of M3, 30,94 grams M2, and 17 and 19 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 206 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 60°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 66°C. was Added to the remaining 309 g is the MMA mixture of monomers of 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.5 grams V50 dissolved in 8.5 grams of water and 8.5 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 60°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.5 grams V50 7.7 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. Less than 1 minute, the mixture became opaque. To 8 minutes, with a steady temperature increase up to 62.1°C, included pumps for pending at the time of the introduction of mixtures of initiator and monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 84°C, and the temperature was raised to 100°C. the Process is conducted at temperatures above 77°C for another 1 hour and 45 minutes.

At this stage, the temperature was 78°C, was added directly to the reactor to 68.8 grams of water, which increased the viscosity. After total added 321,88 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, the content became more opaque. Immediately after that started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent is. The bubbling was continued for 3.5 hours while gradually raising the temperature to 108°C. finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.0 grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a translucent viscous liquid.

Example 29

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 55,0 grams M5, of 82.5 grams M6, 61,92 grams of M3, 61,88 grams M2 and 17,23 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C and 199 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 62°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 70°C. To the remaining 299 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.65 grams V50 dissolved in 9 grams of water and 9 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 62°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.65 Gras is mA V50 8.4 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. Less than 1 minute, the mixture became opaque. To 18,4 minute, with a steady increase in the temperature up to 82°C after the temperature was gradually raised to 90°C, included pumps for pending at the time of the introduction of mixtures of initiator and monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 75°C, and the temperature was raised to 100°C. the Process is conducted at temperatures above 75°C for a further 1 hour and 50 minutes.

At this stage the temperature was 75°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After 12 minutes of ozonation, was added 250 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, the contents became transparent. After additional 76 grams of water, the mixture again became white. The bubbling was continued for 2 hours and 40 minutes, when the temperature rises to 104°C. finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and added 3,05 grams of 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a transparent viscous liquid.

Example 30

mesh monomers was obtained by mixing 110,06 grams M4, 13,77 grams M5, 13,79 grams M6, 82,57 grams M3 and 68.75 kilopascals grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 204 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 62°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 68°C. To the remaining 305 grams of a mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.27 grams V50 dissolved 6.9 grams of water and 6.9 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY. At 62°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.27 grams V50 6.6 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. Less than 2.5 minutes, the temperature of the contents reached 94°C, and included pumps for pending at the time of introduction of the initiator mixtures of monomers.

Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. For 4.5 minutes, the contents of gently boiling, and markedly increased viscosity. To the point in time when the number of mixtures of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 73°C, and the temperature is gradually raised to 92°C. the Process was carried out for another 1 hour and 45 minutes.

At this stage, the temperature was 71°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After 30 minutes of ozonation, was added to 322 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, and after 14 minutes the temperature was raised to 98°C. the Bubbling was continued for another 2 hours and 40 minutes, and the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and added to 3.06 grams of 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a transparent viscous liquid.

Example 31

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 103,73 grams of M1, 82,50 grams M2, 82,50 grams M6, 137,5 grams M3 and to 17.25 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 208 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 63°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 70°C. To the remaining 312 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex volume 00 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.49 grams V50 dissolved in of 8.25 grams of water and of 8.25 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 63°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.50 grams V50 in the 7.43 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. In less than 2 minutes, the content was opaque and white. To 7 minutes and 40 seconds, with slow growth temperature up to 65°C, included pumps for pending at the time of the introduction of mixtures of initiator and monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 79°C, and the temperature is gradually increased to 98°C. the process was carried out for another 1 hour and 30 minutes.

At this stage the temperature was 73°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After 10 minutes of ozonation, was added 327 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, and the temperature was increased to 102°C. finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and added to 3.06 grams of 10% water is th solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a translucent viscous liquid.

Example 32

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 51,86 grams of M1, 55,01 grams M5, 82,50 grams M6, around 41.28 grams M3 and 68.75 kilopascals grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 208 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes when heated to 64°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 69°C. To the remaining 312 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.5 grams V50 dissolved in 8.5 grams of water and 8.5 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 64°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.5 grams V50 7.7 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. Less than 4 minutes increased the viscosity of the contents. To 8 minutes and 40 seconds, the temperature was slowly increased to 71°C included pumps for delayed in time with the Yessei initiator and monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 78°C, and the temperature was gradually increased to 102°C. the Process was carried out for another 1 hour and 30 minutes.

At this stage, the temperature was 77°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. Added 325 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, and after 30 minutes the temperature was increased to 106°C. the Bubbling was continued for another 2 hours and 45 minutes, and the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.03 grams of 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a transparent viscous liquid.

Example 33

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 96,25 grams M5, 82,50 grams M2, 82,55 grams M3 and 17,20 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C and 199 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 65°C by immersing the reactor in a water b is Nude with a temperature of 75°C. The remaining 299 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.8 grams V50 dissolved 9.8 grams of water and 9.7 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 65°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.8 grams V50 8.9 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. Content became opaque and cloudy for 1 minute, and the temperature was rapidly increased to 73°C. For 3 minutes, was added 14 grams of IPA to reduce the exothermic effect, while the temperature rose to 79°C. For 7 minutes, included pumps for pending at the time of the introduction of mixtures of initiator and monomers, while the temperature decreased to 77°C. was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 77°C, and the temperature was gradually raised to 98°C. the Process was carried out for another 2 hours and 12 minutes.

At this stage the temperature is and was 79°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After 26 minutes of ozonation, was added to 322 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, and 10 minutes before this raise the temperature to 104°C. the Bubbling was continued for another 2 hours and 45 minutes, and the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.03 grams of 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a transparent viscous liquid.

Example 34

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 29,04 grams of M1, 13,35 grams M4, 8,80 grams M5, 30,41 grams M6, 85,86 grams of M3, 74,58 grams M2 and 36,38 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 203 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes when heated to 64°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 73°C. To the remaining 305 grams of a mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V5, dissolved 8.0 g of water and 7.7 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 64°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 7.2 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. Within 1.5 minutes, the content was white. At the 11th minute, at a temperature of 65°C, the temperature was raised to 88°C. For 13 minutes, the temperature was again raised to 94°C and included pumps for pending at the time of the introduction of mixtures of initiator and monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 76°C. the Process was carried out for another 1 hour and 45 minutes.

At this stage, the temperature was 71°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After approximately 1 hour ozonation, was added 50 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, making the content clear. With the final addition of 277 grams, the content again became white, and 45 minutes before the temperature was raised to 104°C. The bubbling was continued for another 2 hours, and the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and added 3,05 grams of 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a translucent viscous liquid.

Example 35

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 86,46 grams of M1, 41,35 grams M7, 82,50 grams M6, 68,78 grams M3 and 17,21 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 206 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 63°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 70°C. To the remaining 310 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved 8.0 g of water and 7.7 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 63°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 7.2 grams of deionized water right od the second portion. 4.5 minutes, the temperature was 63°C, and the temperature was raised to 88°C. For 15 minutes, at a temperature of 67°C, started pending at the time of filing a mixture of the initiator, in order to cause the heat in the exothermic effect. To 27 minutes, with the temperature still in the area 67°C, was added directly into the reactor a second initiator mixture of 0.7 grams V50 and 3.7 grams of deionized water. 30.5 minutes, started pending time to add a monomer, and the temperature was 69°C. was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 79°C, and the temperature is gradually raised to 98°C. the Process was carried out for another 2 hours and 7 minutes.

At this stage the temperature was 74°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After 1 hour and 20 minutes of ozonation, was added 328 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, and the temperature was raised to 106°C. the Bubbling was continued for another 2 hours and 40 minutes, and the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and added to 3.06 grams of 10% aqueous solution of peroxide to water the ode as a preservative. The appearance of the final product was a translucent viscous liquid.

Example 36

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 109,98 grams M4, 75,63 grams of M3, 75,64 grams M2 and of 17.35 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C and 199 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes when heated to 64°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 69°C. To the remaining 299 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved 8.0 g of water and 7.7 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 64°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 7.2 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. At 5 minutes, the temperature was 67°C, and the temperature was raised to 92°C. Began the subsequent filing of mixtures of initiator and monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers through 60 mi the ut, and submission of the initiator mixture after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 73°C, and the process was carried out for another 2 hours and 43 minutes.

At this stage, the temperature was 72°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. The temperature was raised to 98°C. After 39 minutes of ozonation, was added 326 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, which made the contents of the white. The bubbling was continued for another 2 hours and 23 minutes, and the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.07 grams of 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a translucent viscous liquid.

Example 37

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 41,26 grams M7, 89,45 grams of M3, 89,48 grams M2 and 68,82 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 204 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes, stirring with up to 65°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 70°C. To the remaining 305 grams CME and monomers were added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.5 grams V50 dissolved in 8.5 grams of water and 8.5 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 65°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.5 grams V50 7.7 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. Approximately 2 minutes, the contents became opaque. On 8 minutes, at a temperature of 66°C, the temperature was raised to 92°C, and started pending at the time of filing mixtures of initiator and monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 79°C, and the process was carried out for another 1 hour and 45 minutes.

At this stage, the temperature was 77°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent, and added to 323 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water. After 14 minutes the temperature was raised to 104°C. the Bubbling was continued for another 2 hours and 2 minutes, and the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.03 grams of 10% aqueous solution of peroxide of bodoro is as preservative. The appearance of the final product was an opaque viscous liquid.

Example 38

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 47,56 grams of M1, 110,05 grams M4, of 27.50 grams M5, 13,76 grams of M3, 51,52 grams M2 and 42,97 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 205 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes, stirring with up to 65°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 70°C. To the remaining 308 grams of a mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved 7.7 grams of water and 7.4 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 65°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 7.0 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. Approximately 2 minutes, the temperature soared to 88°C and the contents were added 12,17 g IPA for cooling the reaction mixture. For 4 minutes at a temperature of 84°, started pending at the time of the filing of the mixture of monomers. After two minutes at 79°C, started the flow initiator. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 75°C and the process was carried out for another 1 hour and 45 minutes.

At this stage the temperature was 75°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After 16 minutes the temperature was raised to 104°C. After 55 minutes of ozonation, was added to 323 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water. The bubbling was continued for another 2 hours and 8 minutes, and the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and added to 3.06 grams of 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a transparent viscous liquid.

Example 39

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 29,00 grams of M1, 21,27 grams M7, 20,20 grams M4, 8,81 grams M5, 11,95 grams M6, 85,80 grams of M3, 74,58 grams M2 and 34,72 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 203 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer of stainless is it steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes, stirring with up to 65°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 70°C. To the remaining 305 grams of a mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved 8.0 g of water and 7.7 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 65°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 7.2 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. Approximately 1 minute, the contents become white. To 12 minutes at low heat, the temperature was raised to 92°C, and started pending time to add mixtures of monomers and initiator. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 79°C, in a minute the temperature was raised to 98°C, and the process was carried out for another 2 hours and 32 minutes.

At this stage, the temperature was 72°C, and started b is botirovna nitrogen, by connecting with this water jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. The temperature is gradually raised to 108°C. After 3 minutes of ozonation, was added to 322 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water. The bubbling was continued for another 2 hours and 15 minutes, and the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.04 from grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a viscous liquid pearl color.

Example 40

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 20,61 grams M7, 82,50 grams M6, 158,13 grams M3 and 17,60 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 209 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 66°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 71°C. To the remaining 300 grams of a mixture of monomers was added to 27.7 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved 8.0 g of water and 7.7 g of IPA was added to the cylinder Luer silp is but a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 66°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 7.2 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. Approximately 6 minutes after the addition, at a constant low heat, started pending at the time of introduction of the mixture of monomers and initiator, and the temperature was raised to 94°C. was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 78°C, and the contents had a brown/beige color. The process was carried out for another 1 hours and 27 minutes.

At this stage, the temperature was 78°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After 19 minutes the temperature was gradually raised to 104°C. After 43 minutes of ozonation, was added to 323 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water. The bubbling was continued for another 2 hours and 24 minutes, and the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and added 3,05 grams of 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was an opaque viscous liquid.

Example 41

The mixture m is of the rooms was obtained by mixing 41,36 grams M7, 96,25 grams M4, 103,13 grams M3 and 43,06 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 201 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 66°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 77°C. To the remaining 302 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved 8.0 g of water and 7.7 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 66°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 7.2 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. After 2-3 minutes after adding, the contents become white/opaque. For 11 minutes at a temperature of 76°C, the temperature was raised to 94°C and started pending time to add mixtures of monomers and initiator. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture is th monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 76°C, and the process was carried out for another 1 hour and 44 minutes.

At this stage, the temperature was 76°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After 13 minutes the temperature was raised to 104°C. After 41 minutes of ozonation, was added to 322 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water. The bubbling was continued for another 2 hours and 17 minutes, and the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.07 grams of 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a viscous liquid pearl color.

Example 42

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 82,50 grams M6, 103,14 grams of M3, 34,39 grams M2 and 68,79 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 204 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 65°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 69°C. To the remaining 305 grams of a mixture of monomers was added to 27.6 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of implementation of the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.5 grams V50 dissolved 8.0 g of water and 8.0 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 65°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.5 grams V50 7.3 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. After 1-2 minutes, the contents became opaque. To 6 minutes at a temperature of 66°C, the temperature was raised to 96°C, and started pending time to add mixtures of monomers and initiator. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 77°C, and the process was carried out for another 1 hour and 18 minutes.

At this stage the temperature was 75°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After 1 hour and 7 minutes of ozonation, was added to 323 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, and the temperature was raised to 104°C. the Bubbling was continued for another 2 hours and 25 minutes, and the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.03 grams of 10% aqueous solution of p is rockside of hydrogen as a preservative. The appearance of the final product was a translucent viscous liquid.

Example 43

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 17,29 grams of M1, 41,25 grams M7, 6,87 grams M4, to 6.88 grams M5, 82,50 grams M6, of 27.50 grams of M3, 41,40 grams M2 and 68.75 kilopascals grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 205 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes when heated to 64°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 69°C. To the remaining 307 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.6 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.7 grams V50 dissolved in 9.3 grams of water and 8.8 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 64°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.7 grams V50 8.3 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. After 2-3 minutes, the contents became opaque. To 10 minutes at a temperature of 67°C, the temperature was raised to 95°C, and began deferred p is time adding mixtures of monomers and initiator. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. At 1 hour and 4 minutes, completed the feed monomer and off the heating, because the contents begin to boil. After 6 minutes, the heating is turned back to set the temperature at 84°C. To the time when the mixture of the initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 66°C, the temperature was raised to 89°C, and the process was carried out for another 1 hour and 56 minutes.

At this stage the temperature was 73°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After 38 minutes of ozonation, was added to 322 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, and the temperature was raised to 104°C. this increased viscosity. The bubbling was continued for another 2 hours and 27 minutes, and the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and added 3,05 grams of 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a translucent viscous liquid.

Example 44

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 77,80 grams of M1, 13,74 grams M7, 109,98 grams M4, of 13.75 grams M6, 13,76 grams of M3, 48,11 grams M2 and to 17.25 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 206 Gras the MOU (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l, equipped with a mixer stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 62°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 73°C. To the remaining 309 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.3 grams V50 dissolved in 7.4 grams of water and 7.2 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 62°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.3 grams V50 6.9 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. To 8 minutes when the temperature rose to 67°C, the temperature was raised to 92°C, and started pending time to add mixtures of monomers and initiator. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. At 30 minutes the temperature was raised to 96°C, and after 29 minutes, found the white particles floating on the surface of the mixture. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 70°C, and the process conducted in the tech is of 1 hour and 47 minutes.

At this stage, the temperature was 72°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. The temperature was raised to 104°C. After 1 hour and 29 minutes of ozonation, was added 320 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water. The bubbling was continued for another 1 hour and 28 minutes, and the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.03 grams of 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a viscous liquid pearl color.

Example 45

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 87,31 grams of M1, 16,50 grams M7, 6,87 grams M6, 58,44 grams of M3, 103,16 grams M2 and 25,78 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 207 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes when heated to 64°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 70°C. To the remaining 311 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.7 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. The mixture initiative is ora, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved in 7.4 grams of water and 7.4 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 64°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 7.1 grams of deionized water immediately one portion, after less than 1 minute, the contents became opaque. For 11 minutes at a temperature of 66°C, the temperature was raised to 96°C, and started pending time to add mixtures of monomers and initiator. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 77°C, and the process was carried out for another 1 hour and 38 minutes.

At this stage the temperature was 74°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After a minute the temperature was raised to 104°C. After 1 hour and 47 minutes of ozonation, was added 306 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water. The heater was turned off, was set at a temperature of 102°C. the Bubbling was continued for another 1 hour and 30 minutes, and a solution of polymer clay is and cooled to room temperature, and added 3,05 grams of 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was an opaque viscous liquid.

Example 46

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 82,12 grams of M1, 41,27 grams M7, 48,30 grams M5, 65,30 grams M3 and 68,72 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 210 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes when heated to 64°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 69°C. To the remaining 315 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.8 grams V50 dissolved in 9.7 grams of water and 9.7 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 64°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.8 grams V50 8.8 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. Within about 2 minutes, the content was white. To 7 minutes At a temperature of, to ora increased to 73°C, the temperature was raised to 94°C and started pending at the time of the filing of the mixture of monomers. After one minute, started pending at the time of introduction of the mixture of the initiator. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the time when all of the mixture of monomers and initiator were introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 76°C, and 1.5 hours before the temperature was raised to 96°C. the Process was carried out for another 1 hour and 55 minutes.

At this stage the temperature was 74°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After 43 minutes, the temperature was raised to 104°C, and the content acquired a pinkish hue. After 1 hour and 3 minutes of ozonation, was added 303 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water. The bubbling was continued for another 2 hours and 1 minute, and the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.03 grams of 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a viscous liquid pearl color.

Example 47

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 56,30 grams of M1, 41,26 grams M7, 134,06 grams M3 and 68,77 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated on the 50°C, and 208 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes, stirring with up to 65°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 70°C. To the remaining 312 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.6 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved 7.7 grams of water and 7.7 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 65°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 7.2 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. After 6-7 minutes, the content was white. To 9 minutes, at a temperature of 71°C, the temperature was raised to 98°C, and started pending time to add mixtures of monomers and initiator. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 73°C. the Process was carried out for another 1 hour and 45 min is so

At this stage the temperature was 74°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After 18 minutes the temperature was raised to 104°C. At this point, added 321 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water. The bubbling was continued for another 3 hours and 5 minutes, and the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.07 grams of 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a viscous liquid pearl color.

Example 48

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 41,26 grams M7, 96,26 grams M5, 92,82 grams of M3, 30,90 grams M2 and 17,30 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C and 199 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes, stirring with up to 65°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 70°C. To the remaining 299 grams of the mixture of monomers was added of 27.8 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. A mixture of the initiator, which is 2.2 grams V50, dissolved 12.1 grams of water and 12.1 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 65°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 2.2 grams V50 11.0 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. On the 9th minute, at a temperature slightly above 66°C, the temperature was raised to 96°C, and started pending time to add mixtures of monomers and initiator. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. After about 1 hour at a temperature of 74°C, the content was tinted orange. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 81°C. the Process was carried out for another 1 hour and 38 minutes.

At this stage the temperature was 75°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. The temperature was raised to 104°C. After 1 hour and 24 minutes of ozonation, was added 326 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water. The bubbling was continued for another 2 hours and 9 minutes, and the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.12 grams of 10% aqueous rastvoroprovoda of hydrogen as a preservative. The appearance of the final product was a transparent viscous liquid.

Example 49

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 42,00 grams M7, 55,00 grams M4, 41,25 grams M6, 61,88 grams of M3, 61,91 grams M2 and 18,19 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C and 199 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 63°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 70°C. To the remaining 299 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.6 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.7 grams V50 dissolved 9.4 grams of water and 8.8 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 63°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.7 grams V50 8.3 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. On the 7th minute, at a temperature slightly above 65°C, the temperature was raised to 96°C, and started pending time to add mixtures of monomers and initiator. Was adjusted p the giving of a mixture of monomers in 60 minutes and submission of the initiator mixture after 90 minutes. After about 1 hour at a temperature of 74°C, the contents were tinted orange, which is approximately 40 minutes, it was yellow. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 75°C. the Process was carried out for another 1 hour and 23 minutes.

At this stage the temperature was 74°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. The temperature was raised to 104°C. After 41 minutes of ozonation, was added to 322 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water. The bubbling was continued for another 2 hours and 3 minutes, and the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.07 grams of 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a translucent viscous liquid.

Example 50

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 41,25 grams M7, 154,69 grams of M3, 51,58 grams M2, and 34,41 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 201 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes, padog the Wake of up to 65°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 70°C. The remaining 299 grams of the mixture of monomers was added of 27.8 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.5 grams V50 dissolved in 8.5 grams of water and 8.5 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 65°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.5 grams V50 7.7 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. On the 9th minute, at a temperature slightly above 67°C, the temperature was raised to 96°C, and started pending time to add mixtures of monomers and initiator. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 73°C. the Process was carried out for another 1 hour and 23 minutes.

At this stage the temperature was 74°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. The temperature was raised to 104°C. After 42 minutes of ozonation, was added to 322 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionizer the bath water. The bubbling was continued for another 2 hours and 47 minutes, and the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.04 from grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was an opaque viscous liquid.

Example 51

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 57,99 grams of M1, 15,19 grams M7, 26,69 grams M4, 17,60 grams M5, 23,85 grams M6, 68,63 grams of M3, of 46.06 grams M2 and 38,98 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 206 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes when heated to 64°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 70°C. To the remaining 309 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 28.8 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved 7.7 grams of water and 7.7 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 64°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams is and V50 8.3 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. After 1 minute, the contents become white. At 5 minutes, at a temperature of 66°C, the temperature was raised to 96°C. For 7 minutes, at a temperature slightly above 67°C, started pending at the time of the filing of the mixtures of monomers and initiator. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 70°C. the Process was carried out for another 1 hour and 23 minutes.

At this stage the temperature was 74°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. The temperature was raised to 104°C. After 41 minutes of ozonation, was added to 322 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water. The bubbling was continued for another 2 hours and 48 minutes, and the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and added is 3.08 grams of 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was an opaque viscous liquid.

Example 52

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 91,25 grams of M1, 75,65 grams M4, 72,19 grams M3 and 68.75 kilopascals grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 211 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova what technology 1 l, equipped with a mixer stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 63°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 70°C. To the remaining 316 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 28.3 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. The initiator mixture consisting of 1.0 grams V50 dissolved in 5.5 g of water and 5.5 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 63°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.0 grams V50 5.5 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. After 1 minute, the contents became opaque, and after 2 minutes white. 5.5 minutes at a temperature of 71°C, the temperature was raised to 96°C. For 7 minutes, the temperature increased to 71°C, and started pending time to add mixtures of monomers and initiator. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 74°C. the Process was carried out for a further 2 hours is in 2 minutes.

At this stage the temperature was 73°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. The temperature was raised to 104°C. After 49 minutes of ozonation, was added to 322 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water. The bubbling was continued for another 2 hours and 14 minutes, and the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.30 grams of 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a viscous liquid pearl color.

Example 53

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 104,38 grams M9, 55,01 grams M5, 103,18 grams M3 and 17,48 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 200 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes when heated to 64°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 70°C. To the remaining 300 grams of a mixture of monomers was added to 27.6 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.3 grams V50, R is storengo 7.3 grams of water and 7.3 grams of IPA, added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 64°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.3 grams V50 7.7 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. After 4 minutes, the contents became opaque. At 5 minutes, at a temperature of 67°C, the temperature was raised to 96°C and started pending time to add mixtures of monomers and initiator. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 74°C. the Process was carried out for another 1 hour and 57 minutes.

At this stage the temperature was 73°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. The temperature was raised to 104°C. After 52 minutes of ozonation, was added to 322 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water. The bubbling was continued for another 2 hours and 13 minutes, and the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.03 grams of 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was represented by mating the liquid pearl color.

Example 54

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 55,26 grams of M1, 41,26 grams M7, 6,89 grams M6, 58,49 grams of M3, 103,15 grams M2 and 25,80 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 205 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 63°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 67°C. the remaining 307 grams of the mixture of monomers was added of 27.8 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.5 grams V50 dissolved in 8.5 grams of water and 8.5 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 63°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.5 grams V50 7.7 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. After 1 minute, the contents became opaque. 6.5 minutes at a temperature of 65°C, the temperature was raised to 96°C. For 9 minutes and at 65°C, started pending at the time of the filing of the mixtures of monomers and initiator. Was adjusted feed mixture monomer is after 60 minutes, and submission of the initiator mixture after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 77°C. the Process was carried out for another 1 hour and 40 minutes.

At this stage the temperature was 75°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After one minute, the temperature was raised to 104°C. After 41 minutes of ozonation, was added to 322 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water. The bubbling was continued for another 2 hours and 18 minutes, and the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.03 grams of 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was an opaque viscous liquid.

Example 55

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing of 52.5 grams M4, 45,0 grams M3 and 12.1 grams of M8 with to 91.6 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 15 minutes when heated to 68°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 73°C. the initiator Mixture consisting of 0.25 grams V50 dissolved in 2.25 grams of deionized water spray 2.5 grams of IPA, was added to the reactor at once in one piece.

After increasing the temperature to 84°C for 2 minutes, was added 15 grams of isopropanol, and the temperature dropped to 80°C, which corresponded to the temperature of the water bath.

After 13 minutes, the reactor was added a mixture consisting of 0.21 grams V50 dissolved in a 1.88 grams of deionized water and 2.1 grams IPA. The reactor is then maintained at a temperature 73-81°C for 100 minutes at a temperature of the water bath is 88°C.

Finally, the contents of the reactor were cooled to room temperature to obtain 172 grams of clear alcohol solution of the polymer, the viscosity of which was 1470 centipoise, when measured on a Brookfield viscometer LVT at 60 rpm and spindle #4. The mixture was easily diluted 61 grams of deionized water to more transparent viscous solution of the polymer. The appearance of the final product was a transparent viscous liquid.

Example 56

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 78,0 grams of M3, 60,0 grams M5 and 15.1 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 15 minutes when heated to 76°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 86°C. the Mixture is initiator, consisting of 0.86 grams V50 dissolved in 3.2 grams of deionized water and 0.9 g of IPA was added to the reactor at once in one piece.

After 2 minutes, in the presence of a reverse refrigerator temperature rose to the boiling point of 91°C. After 12 minutes, significantly increased the viscosity of the clear solution, and boiling under reflux stopped. The reaction mixture was stirred at 78°C for another 40 minutes, then was barbotirovany nitrogen under vacuum created by the jet pump. Removal of the solvent within 90 minutes was accompanied by batch addition of deionized water in a total number of 106 grams. Extracted at 60°C 227 grams of a viscous polymer solution, which was combined with 75 grams of deionized water and used to rinse the reactor, which resulted in 350 grams of clear liquid. The appearance of the final product was a transparent viscous liquid.

Example 57

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 86,45 grams of M1, 138,50 grams of M3, 55,00 grams M5 and 17,29 grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 206 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 65°C by the submersible is of the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 68°C. The remaining 310 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved in 4.3 grams of deionized water and 11.4 grams of MeOH, was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 65°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 5 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. In less than 1.5 minutes, the contents of the reactor became opaque, and started to slightly increase the temperature. At this point the temperature was set at 90°C. After 3 minutes, when the temperature of the mixture to 68°C and steady heat included pump deferred at the time of introduction of the mixture of the initiator. On the 5th minute, when temperatures are still 68°C, consisted of a pump for feeding monomer. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 76°C, and the content was transparent with a pink shade. The process was carried out at temperature the re above 66°C for another 2 hours and 30 minutes.

At this stage, the temperature was 66°C, and the temperature rose to 101°C. was Started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After 1 hour and 10 minutes of ozonation, was added 87 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, with the appearance of the mixture became opaque. With the final addition of 238 grams of water the appearance of the mixture remained white/opaque. The bubbling was continued for another 1 hour and 15 minutes. Finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.0 grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a translucent viscous liquid.

Example 58

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing to 132.6 grams of M3, and 26.9 grams M4, and 16.3 grams M5 and 42.0 grams of M8 with 135 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 158 grams (50%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 20 minutes when heated to 78°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 83°C. To the remaining 160 grams of the mixture of monomers was added 30,6 grams extra IPA, was barbotirovany nitrogen and poured in alitalo funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. The initiator mixture consisting of 0.8 grams V50 dissolved in 4.1 grams of deionized water and 4.1 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

The polymerization was started as soon as added to the reactor at once one portion of the initiator mixture, consisting of 0.68 grams V50 dissolved in 3.5 grams of deionized water and 3.4 grams IPA.

Almost instantly the contents became the first blue and then an opaque white, and grew rapidly temperature. After 1 minute, included pumps for pending at the time of implementation, as the initiator, and a mixture of monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers and initiator mixture after 60 minutes. Within the first 20 minutes was deferred at the time of introduction has gradually increased the temperature of the water bath up to 93°C, and during this period of time the temperature in the reactor was set to about 82°C. ten minutes after were completely spent and put monomer, and entered the initiator to the opaque solution was added 80 g of hot deionized water, making the solution transparent. Adding another 140 grams of hot water did the solution whitish. Then was added 150 grams of deionized water, which again did the contents of whitish. If 77 Is C, within 2 hours used bubbling nitrogen under partial vacuum to remove solvent vapor, then cooled to room temperature. The appearance of the final product was an opaque viscous liquid.

Example 59

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 122,4 grams of M3, 30,6 grams M4, 21,0 grams M5 and to 38.3 grams of M8 with of 127.5 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 170 grams (50%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 20 minutes when heated to 76°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 87°C. To the remaining 170 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 29.1 grams extra IPA, was barbotirovany nitrogen and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.1 grams V50 dissolved in 5.5 grams of deionized water and 5.5 g of IPA was added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

The polymerization was started as soon as added to the reactor at once one portion of the initiator mixture, consisting of 0.73 grams V50 dissolved in 3.7 grams of deionizers the authorized water and 3.7 grams IPA.

Almost instantly the contents became the first blue and then an opaque white, and had quickly risen in temperature. After 4 minutes, the temperature is stabilized at the value of 84°C, and included pumps for pending at the time of implementation, as the initiator, and a mixture of monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers and initiator mixture after 60 minutes. Within the first 20 minutes was deferred at the time of introduction has gradually increased the temperature of the water bath to 95°C. five minutes after were completely spent and put monomer, and entered the initiator, at 77°C, started bubbling nitrogen at a partial vacuum to remove solvent vapor. At the same time was added a solution of the initiator, 0.2 grams V50 5.8 grams of water, then added a total of 324 grams of deionized water for 2½ hours, continuing to remove the solvent at 75-76°C. Dumped vacuum, and stopped bubbling, then cooled to room temperature. The appearance of the final product was a transparent viscous liquid.

Example 60

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 74,22 grams of M1, 37,22 grams M7, 41,26 grams M2, 82,52 grams M6 and 68.75 kilopascals grams of M8 with 220 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 210 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l, equipped with IU the Alcoy, stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 66°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 69°C. To the remaining 314 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved in 4.3 grams of deionized water and 11.4 grams of MeOH, was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 66°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 2.5 grams of deionized water and 2.5 grams of MeOH at once in one piece. Within 1 minute, began to grow in the temperature of the contents of the reactor, and it became opaque. After 5 minutes, the mixture became white, and the temperature was increased to a value of 90°C. For 8 minutes, the temperature of the contents rose to 79°C, and included pumps for pending at the time of implementation, as the initiator, and a mixture of monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 76-78°C. With Argive was viscous and white, and the process is conducted at temperatures above 70°C for another 3 hours.

At this stage, the temperature was 70°C, and the temperature was raised to 100°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, and was given the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After 30 minutes of ozonation, was added 11 grams of hot (70-80°C) deionized water, which made the mixture is slightly transparent. Adding 227 grams of water, the mixture again became opaque/white. The bubbling was continued for another 1 hour and 40 minutes. Finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.0 grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a translucent viscous liquid.

Example 61

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing to 132.8 grams of M3 and 40.8 grams M4 and 38.6 grams of M8 with of 127.5 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 170 grams (50%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 20 minutes while heating to 71°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 80°C. To the remaining 169 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 28.9 grams extra IPA, barbatia the Ali nitrogen and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.2 grams V50 dissolved 12.0 grams of deionized water was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

The polymerization was started as soon as added to the reactor at once one portion of the initiator mixture, consisting of 0.6 grams V50 dissolved in 6.0 grams of deionized water.

Almost instantly the contents became opaque and white, and rapidly increasing temperature. After 3 minutes, the temperature stabilized at 86°C, and included pumps for pending at the time of implementation, as the initiator, and a mixture of monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers and initiator mixture after 60 minutes. Within the first 20 minutes was deferred at the time of introduction has gradually increased the temperature of the water bath to 90°C. in about eight minutes after were completely spent and put monomer, and entered the initiator, was added to a mixture of 0.34 grams V50 dissolved in 3.1 grams of water, and within 25 minutes the temperature was maintained at 81°C. Then to the opaque solution was added 65 grams of hot deionized water, making it transparent. Added another 321 grams of deionized water, and the solution became viscous and milky white. Started bubbling nitrogen at partially the vacuum to remove solvent vapor for 3 hours at 85°C. Dropped the vacuum and stop bubbling, then cooled to room temperature. The appearance of the final product was a translucent viscous liquid.

Example 62

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 132,7 grams M3 and 40.8 grams M5 and to 38.3 grams of M8 with 140,2 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes, stirring with up to 65°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 70°C. was Prepared by the initiator mixture, consisting of 2.14 grams V50 dissolved in 11.4 grams of deionized water and 11.4 grams IPA. Started out the polymerization by adding to the reactor immediately one portion of 13.1 grams of a mixture of the initiator.

Almost instantly the contents became bluish-white and opaque, along with the rapid growth temperature. After 3 minutes, while boiling solvent under reflux, the temperature was stabilized at 86°C, and added immediately one portion of the remaining amount of the mixture of the initiator. Within the next 20 minutes increased gradually the temperature of the water bath to 90°C. Then to the opaque solution was added 87 grams of hot deionized water, making it transparent. Adding another is 215 grams of deionized water, the solution became more viscous and milky white. The product was poured into an open bowl and kept in a vacuum drying Cabinet at 60°C for 14 hours. The appearance of the final product was a translucent viscous liquid.

Example 63

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 134,0 grams of M3, 41,2 grams M5 and 38.6 grams of M8 with 128,8 grams of IPA.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 170 grams (50%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 20 minutes when heated to 66°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 70°C. the Remaining 169 grams of the mixture of monomers was diluted with the help of 15.9 grams of IPA and 16.7 grams of deionized water, was barbotirovany nitrogen and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.28 grams V50 dissolved 6.8 grams IPA and 6.8 grams of deionized water was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

The polymerization was started as soon as added to the reactor at once one portion of the initiator mixture, consisting of 0.64 grams V50 dissolved 3.4 g of IPA, and 3.4 grams of deionized water.

Within 1 minute, the contents became blue and opaque, and started to rise the temperature. After 3 minutes, the temperature was 65°C, and included pumps for pending at the time of implementation, as the initiator, and a mixture of monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers and initiator mixture after 60 minutes. During the delayed time of introduction of the monomer was gradually increased the temperature of the water bath to 85°C. After 30 minutes, after were completely spent and put monomer, and entered the initiator, to bluish-whitish solution was added 79 grams of hot deionized water, making the solution transparent. Added another 219 grams of deionized water, and the solution became more viscous and milky white. Started bubbling nitrogen at a partial vacuum to remove solvent vapor for 1 hour at 75°C. Dumped vacuum, and stopped bubbling, then cooled to room temperature. After incubation for 2 days at the bottom of the reactor was formed almost transparent water layer, and 99 grams of this layer was removed.

The remaining viscous polymer solution was re-heated, and drove volatile fractions under vacuum at 55°C for 90 minutes and again cooled with getting 337 grams. The appearance of the final product was a transparent what Yu viscous liquid.

Example 64

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 103,1 grams of M3, and 9.2 grams M4, and 6.3 grams M7 and 129,1 grams of M1 with 165 grams of IPA.

To half the number (206 grams) of a mixture of monomers was added to 17.2 grams M8, was barbotirovany nitrogen, was heated to 50°C and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. The remaining half amount of the mixture of monomers was diluted with additional quantities of 38.5 grams of IPA and loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 20 minutes when heated to 63°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 72°C. was Prepared the initial mixture consisting of 1.1 grams V50 dissolved in 8.9 grams of deionized water, and 17.4 grams of M8.

Received a mixture of initiator pending at the time of implementation, consisting of 1.50 grams V50 dissolved in of 8.25 grams of deionized water and of 8.25 grams IPA. The mixture was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY installed on the flow through 40 minutes.

The polymerization was started by adding to the reactor the mixture immediately in one piece. Within 2 minutes, the obsessed was first bluish, and then an opaque white, and the temperature was increased to 64°C. After 4 minutes, included pumps for pending at the time of implementation, as the initiator, and a mixture of monomers. A pump for introducing the mixture of monomers was set for filing after 40 minutes. Within the first 20 minutes was deferred at the time of introduction has gradually increased the temperature of the water bath up to 84°C, and during this time the temperature in the reactor was set at about 75°C. After 15 minutes, after were completely spent and put monomer, and entered the initiator, at 79°C, used by bubbling nitrogen at a partial vacuum to remove solvent in the course of 80 minutes, and during this time has added a total of 383 grams of hot deionized water. After adding the first 60 grams of water, the mixture in the reactor became transparent, add the remaining amount of water was doing a mixture of translucent and then almost opaque. After cooling over night, viscous and homogeneous opaque liquid was re-heated and continued bubbling of nitrogen under vacuum at 75-78°C for another 5 hours, and during this period of time was added 480 grams of hot deionized water to reduce the viscosity. The appearance of the final product at 20°C was an opaque non-leaking pasta.

Example 65

Mixture the monomer was obtained by mixing 103,2 grams of M3, 103,2 grams M2 and 55.0 grams M6 with 165 grams of IPA.

To half the number (213 grams) of a mixture of monomers was added to 8.6 grams M8, was barbotirovany nitrogen, was heated to 50°C and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. The remaining half amount of the mixture of monomers was diluted with additional quantities of 28.6 grams of IPA and loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 20 minutes when heated to 63°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 73°C. was Obtained, the original initiator mixture, consisting of 1.24 grams V50 dissolved in 8.8 g of deionized water and 8.6 grams of M8.

Received a mixture of initiator pending at the time of implementation, consisting of 1.9 grams V50 dissolved in 10.3 grams of deionized water and 10.3 grams IPA. The mixture was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY installed on the flow through 60 minutes.

The polymerization was started by adding to the reactor the mixture immediately in one piece. Soon the contents became opaque, and within 30 minutes of slowly growing temperature to 71°C, p and this increased viscosity. Increase gradually the temperature of the water bath to 80°C, while loaded to the mixture was added 6.4 grams of deionized water. After 80 minutes after the start, to the mixture was added 0.25 grams V50 dissolved in 2.5 grams of deionized water, to re-start polymerization, and included pumps for pending at the time of implementation, as the initiator, and a mixture of monomers. A pump for introducing the mixture of monomers was set for filing after 60 minutes. After 15 minutes, after were completely spent and put monomer, and entered the initiator, at 81°C, used by bubbling nitrogen at a partial vacuum to remove solvent within 90 minutes, and during this time was added to the initially translucent polymer mixture a total of 477 grams of hot deionized water. Adding water did mix only more transparent and more opaque. After settling for 2 days at 50°C, the mixture was completely divided on the lower transparent water layer weight of 211 grams, which, after defining it only 1.7% non-volatile solids were removed. The cooled polymer mixture was too slippery for effective dispensation of measurement using a Brookfield viscometer. The appearance of the final product at 20°C was an opaque slippery viscous liquid.

66

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 206,3 grams of M3, a 41.3 grams M7 and 13.8 grams M6 with 165 grams of IPA.

To half the number (213 grams) of a mixture of monomers was added to 8.6 grams M8, was barbotirovany nitrogen, was heated to 50°C and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. The remaining half amount of the mixture of monomers was diluted with additional quantities of 28.7 grams of IPA and loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 20 minutes when heated to 63°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 76°C. Received the original initiator mixture, consisting of 1.24 grams V50 dissolved 9.0 g of deionized water and 8.6 grams of M8.

Received a mixture of initiator pending at the time of implementation, consisting of 1.24 grams V50 dissolved 6.9 grams of deionized water and 6.8 grams IPA. The mixture was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY installed on the flow through 85 minutes.

The polymerization was started by adding to the reactor the mixture immediately in one piece.

Contents soon became n is transparent and slightly bluish, this slow slightly increased temperature. After 4 minutes, included pumps for pending at the time of implementation, as the initiator, and a mixture of monomers. At the time delayed by the time introductions were gradually raise the temperature of the water bath to 80°C, while, when, after 42 minutes of introduction of the monomer was completed, the temperature of the process was reached 76°C. After 30 minutes, after was completely consumed entered the initiator, at 76°C, used by bubbling nitrogen at a partial vacuum to remove the solvent for 3 hours, and during this time was added to light-brown opaque polymer mixture a total of 539 grams of hot deionized water. The appearance of the final product at 20°C was an opaque slippery viscous liquid.

Example 67

The initial mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing of 20.6 grams of M3, to 68.8 grams M5 and 20.6 grams M2 with 79.8 grams of IPA.

The mixture was loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 20 minutes when heated to 66°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 71°C.

The second mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing of 22.2 grams of M3, 73,3 grams M5, 22,3 grams M2 and 36.9 grams of M8 with 169 grams of IPA. Barbati is ovali nitrogen through it, was heated to 50°C and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC.

Got the original initiator mixture, consisting of 1.66 grams V50 dissolved 11.9 grams of deionized water and 34.4 grams of M8.

Received a mixture of initiator pending at the time of implementation, consisting of 2.24 grams V50 dissolved in 12.4 grams of deionized water, and 12.4 grams IPA. The mixture was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY installed on the flow through 51 minutes.

The polymerization was started by adding to the reactor the mixture immediately in one piece. Within 3 minutes the temperature quickly rose to 90°, and added 15 grams of cold IPA to regulate boiling under reflux. Included pump for pending at the time of submission of the monomer set off after 60 minutes. After another 3 minutes, at 84°C, started pending at the time of the filing of the initiator. During the delayed time of issuance of the temperature of the water bath was gradually raised to 80°C to maintain the process temperature in the range from 72 to 73°C. the Pump for introducing the mixture of monomers was adjusted to flow through 42 minutes. After 20 minutes, after were completely and is consumed entered the monomer and initiator, at 75°C, was added 0,26 grams V50 dissolved in 2.6 grams of deionized water, and the process was carried out at 75°C for a further 35 minutes. Added 268 grams of hot deionized water, what did translucent solution more transparent. Used bubbling nitrogen at a partial vacuum to remove the solvent for 3 hours, and during this time was added to the almost transparent polymer mixture a total of more 351 g of hot deionized water.

The final viscous polymer liquid was kept at 50°C in a drying Cabinet overnight. The appearance of the final product at 20°C was a translucent viscous liquid.

Example 68

The initial mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing to 64.8 grams of M1, of 27.6 grams M5 and 51.6 grams M3 with 137,3 grams of IPA.

The mixture was loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 20 minutes when heated to 66°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 71°C.

The second mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 64,9 grams of M1, of 27.5 grams M5, 51,6 grams M3 and 8.6 grams of M8 with 83 grams of IPA. Was barbotirovany through it nitrogen, was heated to 50°C and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of implementation of react in the R using the dosing pump FMI QG-50-1CKC.

Got the original initiator mixture, consisting of 1.1 grams V50 dissolved in 8.9 grams of deionized water and 8.6 grams of M8.

Received a mixture of initiator pending at the time of implementation, consisting of 1.6 grams V50 dissolved in 9.1 grams of deionized water and 9.1 grams IPA. The mixture was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

The polymerization was started by adding to the reactor the mixture immediately in one piece. Within 10 minutes the temperature rose to 69°C, and included pumps for pending at the time of the filing of the monomer and initiator installed on the power-off after 50 minutes. During the introduction of the raw material process temperature has steadily been 68-71°C, and then in the next hour the temperature was raised to 80°C. and Then for 18 minutes slowly filed pump 302 grams of deionized water, making the solution more viscous and transparent. Used bubbling nitrogen at a partial vacuum to remove the solvent for 2 hours, and during this time has added a total of 185 grams of hot deionized water, and the polymer mixture became opaque and substantially more viscous.

The final viscous polymer liquid was kept at 50°C in a drying Cabinet overnight. Appearance to echnolo product at 20°C was an opaque white extremely viscous paste.

Example 69

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 398,6 grams of M3 and is 165.8 grams of M8 with 217 grams of IPA and 272 grams of 1,3-butanediol (BD).

Part of a mixture of monomers, 263,1 grams (25%)were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux of fridrichs, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 60 minutes while heating to 60°C by regulating the temperature of the water jacket. The remaining 790,3 grams of the mixture of monomers was poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 1000 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-20-2CSC. Separating funnel for feeding monomer wrapped tape heater, and the mixture of monomers to be added to the reactor was heated to 35-40°C. the initiator Mixture, consisting of 6.25 grams V50 dissolved in 48,0 grams of deionized water was added to the separating funnel with a volume of 125 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-20-0SSY.

At 60°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.7 grams V50 8.8 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. Within 30 seconds, the temperature of the contents of the reactor began to rise, but the contents were maintained its transparency. Within 1 minute, the temperature of the contents you the ass to 70°C, and included a pump for pending at the time of submission of the monomer. At 3 minutes included pump for pending at the time of introduction of the initiator, when the reactor was observed maximum heat. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers after 62 minutes and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. The mixture of monomers in a separating funnel from Pyrex periodically stirred to maintain homogeneity of the mixture. The temperature of the water jacket of the reactor was gradually raised to 77°C, while the temperature in the reactor was slowly lowered to 75°C to a point in time when the reactor was introduced on 15% of the total amount of the mixture of monomers. The content was viscous and remained almost transparent. After it was added to the mixture of the initiator, the reactor was kept at 75°C for a further 2 hours.

After 2 hours of exposure, to the reactor was added to 5.9 g of tributyltinoxide (70 wt.% in water), then added to the reactor 3.0 grams dihydrate monosodium salt hydroxymethanesulfinic acid (SFS) and 27.5 grams of water for 20 minutes. The addition was continued for 30 minutes, and cooled polymer solution to 35°C, in order to move in a rotary evaporator. Within 5 hours removed from a polymer solution with a highly volatile solvent while maintaining the temperature of the rotary evaporator at 65°C and slowly increased the vacuum of 250 mbar to 20 mbar. Got the final solution of the polymer in the form of a transparent viscous liquid.

Example 70

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 408,1 grams of M1 and 50.2 grams of M8 with 329 grams of IPA and 167 grams of deionized water.

Part of a mixture of monomers, 264,7 grams (28%)were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux of fridrichs, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 60 minutes while heating to 65°C by regulating the temperature of the water jacket. The remaining 690,6 grams of the mixture of monomers was poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 1000 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-20-2CSC. Separating funnel for feeding monomer wrapped tape heater, and the mixture of monomers to be added to the reactor was heated to 35-40°C. the initiator Mixture, consisting of 4.2 grams V50 dissolved in 37,0 grams of deionized water was added to the separating funnel with a volume of 125 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-20-0SSY.

At 65°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.1 grams V50 7.0 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. Within 2 minutes, the temperature of the contents of the reactor began to rise, but the content is retained their transparency. After 9 minutes, the temperature of the contents rose to 69°C, and included pumps for pending at the time of implementation, as the initiator, and a mixture of monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers through 53 minutes and conveying the initiator through 93 minutes. The temperature of the water jacket of the reactor was gradually raised to 84°C, the temperature in the reactor was slowly raised to 75°C to a point in time when all the mixture of monomers was added to the reactor. The content was viscous and remained almost transparent. After it was added to the mixture of the initiator, the reactor was kept at 75°C for a further 2 hours.

After 2 hours of exposure, to the reactor was added 5.8 grams of tributyltinoxide (70 wt.% in water), then added to the reactor 3.0 grams dihydrate monosodium salt hydroxymethanesulfinic acid (SFS) and 27.5 grams of water for 20 minutes. The addition was continued for 30 minutes. Then the reactor was added 205 grams of BD, and cooled polymer solution to 35°C, in order to move in a rotary evaporator. Within 5 hours removed from a polymer solution with a highly volatile solvent while maintaining the temperature of the rotary evaporator at 65°C and slowly increasing vacuum from 250 mbar to 20 mbar. Got the final solution of the polymer in the form of a transparent viscous liquid.

Example 71

A mixture of MES of the examples was obtained by mixing of 120.7 grams of M1, the 96.3 grams of M3, 41,25 grams M6 and 51.6 grams of M8 with 55 grams of IPA and 165 grams of BD.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 212 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 65°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 67°C. the remaining 318 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA, was barbotirovany nitrogen and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC. An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved 12.1 grams of deionized water was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 65°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.3 grams V50 7.2 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. Within 1 minute, the temperature of the contents of the reactor began to rise, but the contents were maintained its transparency. After 8 minutes, the temperature of the contents was increased to 80°C, and included pumps for pending at the time of implementation, as the initiator, and a mixture of monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers through 60 minutes, and submission of the initiator mixture after 90 minutes. Increase gradually the temperature of the water bath to 76°C, the temperature in the reactor was slowly increased to 73°C for the time when all the mixture of monomers was added to the reactor. The content was viscous and remained almost transparent. After it was added to the mixture of the initiator, the reactor was further heated, and the process was carried out at 80-85°C for another 2 hours.

Then began to barbthroat nitrogen, and was given the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum and removal of the volatile solvent. After 15 minutes of ozonation, was added a mixture of 1.45 grams V50 17.4 grams BD and 1.8 grams of water, and bubbling was continued for another 2 hours. Finally, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature and was added 3.0 grams of a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a transparent viscous liquid.

Example 72

The initial mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing the 64.1 grams of M3, of 13.8 grams M5 and 17.2 grams of M8 with 81 grams of IPA.

The mixture was loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 20 minutes while heating to 55°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with temperaturas°C.

The second mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing of 149.5 grams of M3, 32,1 grams M5 and 40.1 per grams of M8 with 153 grams of BD. Was barbotirovany through it nitrogen, was heated to 50°C and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC.

Got the original initiator mixture, consisting of 0.73 grams V50 dissolved in 3.3 grams of deionized water and 3.3 grams of methanol.

Received a mixture of initiator pending at the time of implementation, consisting of 3.70 grams V50 dissolved in 16.7 grams of deionized water and 16.7 grams of methanol. The mixture was added into the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY installed on the flow through 95 minutes.

The polymerization was started by adding to the reactor, the initial mixture of the initiator immediately in one piece. After 3 minutes, the temperature was rapidly increased to 68°C, and included a pump for pending at the time of submission of the monomer set off after 64 minutes. Even after 1 minute, started pending at the time of the introduction of the initiator. During the subsequent issuance of the temperature of the water bath was gradually raised to 80°C to maintain the process temperature in the range from 70 to 74°C. After the monomer feed and the initiator was completed, the Rea is Thor was kept at 70°C for a further 90 minutes. The stage of initiation was carried out by adding to the reactor and 3.3 grams of tributyltinoxide (70 wt.% in water), then added to the reactor 1.8 grams dihydrate monosodium salt hydroxymethanesulfinic acid (SFS) and 16.5 grams of water for 20 minutes, then was carried out by exposure at temperatures from 65 to 70°C for 30 minutes

To remove the volatile solvents used bubbling nitrogen and a partial vacuum for 3 hours. After cooling to room temperature was obtained a transparent viscous polymer solution.

Example 73

The mixture of monomers was prepared by mixing 120,99 grams of M1, 41,27 grams M6, 96,25 grams M3 and 51,60 grams of M8 with 55 grams of IPA and 165 grams of glycerin.

The mixture of monomers was heated to 50°C, and 212 grams (40%) were loaded into the reactor from Steklova capacity of 1 l equipped with a stirrer made of stainless steel and reflux condenser, and then barbotirovany dry nitrogen for 30 minutes while heating to 68°C by immersing the reactor in a water bath with a temperature of 71°C. To the remaining 318 grams of the mixture of monomers was added to 27.5 grams extra IPA and poured into a separating funnel from Pyrex 500 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-50-1CKC.

An initiator mixture, consisting of 1.4 grams V50 dissolved 12.1 grams of deionized in the water, added to the cylinder of the syringe a volume of 50 ml for pending at the time of introduction into the reactor using a metering pump FMI QG-6-0SSY.

At 68°C, initiated polymerization by adding to the reactor with stirring a mixture of 1.4 grams V50 7 grams of deionized water immediately in one piece. The mixture was opaque. Less than 1 minute, the temperature in the reactor began to rise. At 3 minutes, set the temperature at 90°C. For 5 minutes, loaded the mixture consisted of two distinct phases, and the temperature was 71,5°C. At this point included pumps for pending at the time of the introduction of mixtures of initiator and monomers. Was adjusted flow of the mixture of monomers in 60 minutes, and the mixture flow initiator after 90 minutes. To the point in time when the entire quantity of the mixture of monomers and initiator was introduced into the reactor, the temperature was 82,4°C, and the content was white/opaque. The process was carried out at temperatures above 80°C for another 3 hours and 10 minutes.

At this stage the temperature was 80°C, and started bubbling nitrogen, connecting thus the water-jet pump to create a partial vacuum to remove volatile solvent. After 1 hour ozonation, was added directly to the reactor 1.65 grams V50, 13,20 grams of glycerol and to 7.15 grams of water. The stage of initiation of prodoljali for 1 hour and 30 minutes and finally, at 7 o'clock, the polymer solution was cooled to room temperature, and was added 3.03 grams of 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide as preservative. The appearance of the final product was a transparent viscous liquid.

For each of the 73 examples calculated the mass is capable of Association of the fragments of Z in the form of a percentage of the total mass of solids in the copolymer, as well as the mass percentage of ionic and ionic links regarding specific mixture used original monomers. In the examples, capable of Association of the fragments of Z in each case represents an alkyl group having eight or more carbon atoms (i.e., derived from monomers M1, M3 and M9), all ingenue and ionic links was a link that contained a group of quaternio (i.e., repeating units derived from monomers M8, M11 and M13) or group of methacrylic acid (i.e., the repeating unit derived from M7). Ion units represented only those links that are contained group quaternio. In addition, the expected two ratios: the mass ratio capable of Association of the fragments Z of the ion groups, and the mass ratio capable of Association of the fragments of Z to the sum of the ionic and ionic groups. Table 1 also shows the measured specific values glioblastom, including the pH of the copolymer (5 wt.% solids) in water, the viscosity of the final solution of the polymer in water at 50°C and 20°C, and the temperature (in °C) appearance of any endothermic peak with a heat of fusion greater than 3 j/g, determined by differential scanning calorimetry on the final polymer after removal of water or solvent (100 wt.% solids), most of which are observed below 20°C. When in table 1 are left blank cells with the data on viscosity, this means that in this case the viscosity measurements were not carried out; when the column data on thermal peak marked lines, this means that in this case is not observed thermal spike, which would satisfy the stated criteria.

Table 1
A number of example polymer% Capable of Association of the fragments (calculated)% Ionic units (calculated)% Ionic units (calculated)Attitude capable of Association of the fragments to
ionic+ion
Attitude capable of Association of the fragments by ionpH (5% in H2Oh) Viscosity at 50°C, Pascal∙secondThe viscosity at 20°C, Pascal∙secondThermal peak, °C
120,915,015,01,391,393,235,64103,1
229,615,015,01,971,975,00,41,6-0,1
3the 13.45,05,02,682,68the 3.835,2890--
423,25,05,04,654,655,525 -37
520,915,015,01,391,393,415,22002,7
629,615,015,01,971,974,22,29,8-3,3
722,25,05,0of 4.44of 4.44a 4.91,713,2--
87,335,020,00,210,372,816,8134--
925,420,0150 1,271,695,02,811,9-3,2
1013,620,020,00,680,683,10,824822
117,810,05,00,781,55a 4.90,236,423
1217,810,010,01,781,783,35,524,5--

27 1,46 1,94
136,410,05,00,641,28 4,611,9224--
1410,310,010,01,031,033,53,448--
1513,710,010,01,371,373,427,8875-23,8
166,527,512,50,240,522,82,17921
1723,78,08,02,962,966,56,2170-17
1 6,610,010,00,660,663,79,5520,04,8
196,15,05,01,221,224,519,0334--
2015,35,05,03,063,064,40,573--
2120,915,015,01,391,393,13,025,415,9
2219,05,05,03,80 3,806,612--
23the 4.735,020,00,130,2435,0100--
247,820,020,00,390,39the 3.81,23325,8
256,05,05,01,201,204,56,314,721,8
268,65,05,01,721,72a 3.99,9230-11,1
the 13.416,811,30,801,193,51,32088.9bn
2814,35,05,02,852,854,89,393,5-6,3
299,55,05,01,901,906,20,513,8-8,1
30a 12.720,020,00,630,63the 4.75,866--
317,35,05,01,46a 3.95,633,6--
328,920,020,00,450,454,22521870--
33a 12.75,05,02,542,545,81,26,4-8,6
3414,614,210,71,031,37a 3.91,42,5-6,0
3514,920,05,00,752,98the 3.8the 9.7192--
36the 11.65,05,02,322,32of 5.40,10,5-6,6
3713,735,020,00,390,692,62,617,6-13,6
384,512,512,50,360,364,1a 4.974--
3914,618,410,70,801,373,1the 13.4140-7,2
4024,312,55,04,863,1318-6,9
4115,827,512,50,581,272,965,6580--
4215,820,020,00,790,793,710,8150--
435,135,020,00,150,252,915,0332-12,9
446,010,05,00,601,203,528,8 -11,1
45the 13.413,57,50,991,7831,914.4V--
4614,235,020,00,400,71466,41810was 3.7
4723,435,020,00,671,172,714.4V1592,1
4814,320,05,00,712,855,5of 21.2198--
499,520,00,481,902,9268-5,2

5023,825,010,00,952,382,74,144-8,5
51the 13.416,811,30,801,193,613,6264--
5215,720,020,00,780,782,912,2615--
5320,85,05,04,164,16 4,825,41140a-0.7
5411,822,57,50,52of 1.572,94,6168-8,1
5517,79,09,01,971,974,0--
5622,08,08,02,752,755,540850-24
5725,55,05,05,095,094,312,91520-3,1
58 27,515,015,01,831,835,12,14,4-1,1
5925,415,015,01,691,695,12,5a 3.9-5,1
603,535,020,00,100,172,811,9173--
6127,515,015,01,831,834,20,41,9-1
6227,515,015,01,83 1,835,56,835,40,5
6327,515,015,01,831,835,52,514,20,1
6424,713,611,11,822,233,3the 13.422,2
6515,85,05,03,173,174,85,0--
6631,720,05,01,586,343,20,60,91,4
676,320,020,00,320,326,54,330--
6822,45,05,04,474,47a 4.910424,1
6931,725,025,01,271,27the 3.80,83,6--
7015,511,011,01,411,413,16631,2
7120,915,015,0 1,391,393,22,828,017,1
7229,615,015,01,971,973,60,911,7--
7320,915,015,01,391,393,125,864,422,9

Discussion of examples of drugs that includes a sample copolymers

Cationic/cationogenic comb copolymers obtained in examples 1-72, were added separately as an ingredient in one or more of six different following medications personal hygiene, designated as series A-F. In the preparations of series A-F were added the specified number of cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer per 100% of the polymer. These drugs were prepared as typical representatives of the most common Crestline hygiene and/or to analyze the characteristic properties achieved as a result of application of the copolymers in comparison with the control drug.

The preparation of the A-series was designed as a typical representative of the drug with a low pH value, which can be used, for example, in natural cleansers for the face. This drug had the total composition, are shown in table 2.

Table 2
A drug with a low pH value (series A)
Ingredientswt.%
Phase A
Kapalbekuly/kaprilat triglycerides13,0
Cetearyl alcohol2,0
Cetearate 204,0
Literallayout3,0
Phase B
Waterbalance
Salicylic acid2,0
Glycerin3,0
Cationic/cationogenic GrEbner asny copolymer 1,0
DMDMH as the0,5
Total100,0

For each case, where the creation of the drug series A used one cationic/cationogenic comb-shaped copolymers obtained in examples 1-72, when creating followed the same following method. First, all ingredients of phase A were added together in a vessel and heated to 80°C. Deionized (DI) water was added to a separate vessel, the phase B was added with stirring and heating the polymer sample. In the vessel for phase B was consistently added to the glycerin, then salicylic acid until then, until the mixture reached a temperature of 80°C, and salicylic acid is completely dissolved. Was added to the mixture of phase A to phase B, stop heating, and the mixture was cooled. When the temperature has fallen below 60°C, was added DMDMH the as. The preparation was continuously stirred until such time as he in the cooling was not reached room temperature.

Then were subjected to the study drugs series A to determine the efficiency of deposition of the active ingredient, salicylic acid, using in-vitro synthetic leather. The tests were carried out by applying and rubbing 2 mg/cm2preparation of A series in accordance with their 30 seconds on the skin. After application, the skin was dried for 15 minutes, then immersed in a Petri dish with 30 ml of deionized water while stirring with a polished magnetic stirrer at a speed of 300 rpm When tested preparations containing copolymers of examples 1-68, water temperature was maintained at a level close to human body temperature (35°C±2), and when testing preparations containing copolymers of examples 69-72, water temperature was maintained at a level of room temperature (22°C±2).

1, 2, 15, and 20 minutes after a dive, taking samples of water and filtered through a filter with pore size of 5 microns. Then these samples were subjected to study by using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to determine the amount of salicylic acid, extracted water sample, and thus counted number of deposited salicylic acid, which was then averaged to account for various time intervals at which the selected samples.

The results of this study are shown in table 12, which contains a complete list of the results obtained in the research conducted for each series A-F.

Preparation B-series was created as a typical representative of skin cream, except that it had a higher water content than that which is usually present, examining sensory perception, given the composition of the cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer. Preparation B-series had the total composition, are given in table 3.

Table 3
Skin cream (series B)
Ingredientswt.%
Phase A
Deionized waterbalance
Cationic/cationogenic comb copolymer1,0
Phase B
Octinoxate1,0
Cetearyl alcohol5,5
Cetearate-250,5
Total100,0

For each case, in which for the creation of drug B-series used one cationic/cationogenic comb-shaped copolymers obtained in examples 1-72, when creating followed the same following method. First, all the ingredients of phase B were added together in a vessel and stirred while naked is evanie to 80°C. Deionized water and cation/cationogenic comb copolymer was added to a separate vessel and heated to 80°C under stirring, and at this point, add phase B to phase A. the Mixture was cooled to 65°C and homogenized at 5000 rpm for 3 minutes. The medication will continue to mix until it is in the cooling did not reach room temperature, and the pH reached a value of about 5.5.

Conducted an assessment of the organoleptic characteristics of the products of the series B in accordance with the following Protocol is carried out by a group of experts on the basis of their sensory perception.

For this study used non-humid back of the hand and the inner surface of the forearm, which was applied by using one finger of 0.2-0.4 grams of the drug, series B, and using another finger was applied to compare the same number of commercially available drug, which was used as a positive control, and which contained 2.5 wt.% dimetikona.

The test drug and the control drug was applied simultaneously on the forearm or back of the hand at a distance from each other approximately 2 see Both drugs simultaneously rubbed, using circular movements of the fingers and fingers forward and back. Application of preparations took 1-2 minutes.

is waista each sample compared with the manufactured drug was evaluated from the point of view of sense perception, resistance to friction, slip and adhesiveness of/ability to adhesion. Sensory perception was a pleasant feeling to the touch of a substance, usually characterized in the interval from the desired feeling of light silk to unwanted sensations thick grease. Resistance to friction was a sensory evaluation of the resistance felt by the fingers moving on the surface of the skin, which were caused by drugs, especially when the drug was almost parched and dry. The slide was a smooth film with little or no resistance when moving your finger across the surface of the skin, which were caused by drugs, especially when the drug was wet, and the adhesiveness was a sensory evaluation of the ability of the drug to the adhesion on the skin during application and after it is rubbed into the skin.

Prior studies assessed the background and set criteria for quantitative evaluation of the properties on the basis of the three control treatments: negative control (preparation series B from table 3 that do not contain cationic/cationogenic comb copolymer), environmental control (drug-series B of table 3, which use polyquaternium 7 instead of the cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer), and positive the CSO control (drug Aveeno® Active Naturals™ Skin Relief Moisturizing Lotion" Johnson & Johnson Consumer Companies, Inc.). To conduct the study as experts were invited non-Smoking men and women aged 35 to 60 with normal or dry skin. Experts were asked not to use prior to study no other drug on the hand and forearm. The experts were instructed on characteristics determined with the help of the senses, and the same experts were used throughout the organoleptic studies. The experts were asked to subjectively evaluate points in each of the experimental treatments relative to the product manufactured by the industry. For the evaluation of drugs used a scale from 1 to 5, with a score of 1 meant "very poor relative to the product manufactured by the industry, and is the same as a negative control, a score of 3 meant "the same as the control environment, a score of 4 meant "the same as the positive control in the form of a product manufactured by the industry", and a rating of 5 meant "relatively excellent product manufactured by the industry".

The product series was created as a typical representative of skin cream and had the total composition, are given in table 4.

Table 4
Face cream (series C)
Ingredientswt.%
Phase A
Deionized waterbalance
Glycerin4,0
DMDMH as the0,5
Cationic/cationogenic comb copolymer1,0
Phase B
Isopropyl6,0
C12-15 Alkylbenzoic5,0

PEG-100 stearate2,5
Literallayout2,5
Cetearyl alcohol2,0
Dimethicone2,5
Total100,0

For each case, where the creation of the drug series With a used one cationic/cationogenic comb-shaped copolymers by the scientists in the examples 1-68, when creating followed the same following method. First, the ingredients of phase B were added together in a vessel and stirred while heating to 80°C. In a separate vessel was added with stirring deionized water and the sample cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer and began to heat up. Then to this mixture was added glycerin. After the temperature of both phases have reached 80°C, the mixture phase was added to the mixture of phase A and stopped heating. After the temperature has fallen below 60°C, was added DMDMH the as, and the preparation was continuously stirred until until its temperature reached room temperature, and at this moment brought the pH to a value of approximately 5.0 to 5.5 by using triethanolamine.

The drug D-series was created as a typical representative of the air conditioner for the hair and had the total composition, are given in table 5.

Table 5
Hair conditioner (series D)
Ingredientswt.%
Phase A
Deionized waterbalance

Cationic/cationogenic comb copolymer1,0
Dimethiconol (and) triethanolamine - dodecylbenzensulfonate1,0
Phase B
Octinoxate1,0
Cetearyl alcohol5,5
Cetearate-250,5
Total100,0

For each case, where the creation of the drug D-series used one cationic/cationogenic comb-shaped copolymers obtained in examples 1-72, when creating followed the same following method. First, all the ingredients of phase B were added together in a vessel and stirred while heating to 80°C. Deionized water and cation/cationogenic comb copolymer was added to a separate vessel and heated to 80°C under stirring. Then, in a vessel with A phase was added dimethiconol and tretinoinagereversalbuytreti. After the temperature of both phases have reached 80°C, the mixture phase was added to the mixture of phase A, and at this point the heating was stopped. When the temperature comp the positions reached 65°C, its homogenized at 5000 rpm for 3 minutes, and then continuously stirred until until its temperature was reduced to room temperature.

Drug E-series was created as a typical representative of skin cream and had the total composition, are shown in table 6.

Table 6
Skin cream (series E)
Ingredientswt.%
Phase A
Mineral oil8,0
BCP-15 stearyl ether1,0
Steareth-212,5
Steareth-21,1
Cetearyl alcohol4,0
Dimethiconol (and) triethanolamine-dodecylbenzensulfonate2,5
Phase B
Deionized waterbalance
Glycerin3,0
Propylene glycol1,0
Cationic/cationogenic comb copolymer1,0
DMDMH as the0,5
Total100,0

For each case, where the creation of the drug E-series used one cationic/cationogenic comb-shaped copolymers obtained in examples 1-72, when creating followed the same following method. Added to the vessel with deionized water together with cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer, and started to mix when heated. Then the vessel was added glycerin and propylene glycol. In a separate vessel was added all ingredients of phase A and mixed while heating. After the temperature of both phases have reached 80°C, the contents of the jar with A phase was transferred into a vessel containing the B phase, and heating was stopped. After the temperature has fallen below 60°C, was added DMDMH the as, and the preparation was continuously stirred until until its temperature reached room temperature, and at this moment brought the pH to a value of approximately 5.0 to 5.5 by using triethanolamine.

All products of the series C, D and E were subjected to tests on the efficiency of the deposits as the active ingredient of organosilicon compounds (present in the form of Dimethicone or dimethiconol). Research on the application of organosilicon compounds was performed using in vitro synthetic leather, which was applied to 2 mg/cm2drug and rubbed it in for 30 seconds. After application, the skin was allowed to dry for 15 minutes. Then the skin was immersed in a Petri dish with 30 ml of deionized water while stirring with a polished magnetic stirrer at a speed of 300 Rev/min water Temperature was maintained close to human body temperature (35±2°C) for testing preparations containing copolymers of examples 1-68, and was maintained at a level of room temperature (22±2°C) for testing preparations containing copolymers of examples 69-72.

1, 2 and 15 minutes after a dive, taking samples of water and filtered through a filter with pore size of 5 microns. Then these samples were subjected to study by using atomic emission spectroscopy with inductively coupled plasma (ICP-OES), using dual emission spectrometer Perkin-Elmer Optima 5000 axial observation of plasma and background correction. Results for organosilicon compounds were confirmed by using three analytical wavelengths: 212,412 nm, 251,611 nm and 288,158 nm. Based on the results of the content organosilicone compounds in each extract was calculated percentage of organosilicon compounds, otlhogile is camping on the skin, and then were averaged to account for various time intervals at which the selected samples.

The preparation of the F-series was created as a typical representative of cosmetic cleansers and had the total composition, are shown in table 7.

Table 7
Cleanser (series F)
Ingredientswt.%
Phase A
Lauryl ammonium11,0
Cocamidopropylbetaineto 12.0
C12-15 pareth-15 sodium sulfate11,0
Phase B
Cocoylisethionate sodium6,0
Deionized waterbalance
Cationic/cationogenic comb copolymer1,0
Sodium chloride3,0
Total100,0
/p>

For each case, where the creation of the drug F series used one cationic/cationogenic comb-shaped copolymers obtained in examples 1-68, when creating followed the same following method. First, the ingredients of phase A were added together in a vessel and stirred under heating. In a separate vessel was added together the ingredients of phase B except NaCl, and stirred under heating. When the temperature of both phases was reached 45°C, substance phase A was added to the substances phase b was Then added NaCl and stirred until complete dissolution, at this point, stop heating, and the preparation was allowed to cool to room temperature and brought the pH to a value of approximately 5.0 to 5.5 by using triethanolamine.

The drug G-series was created as a typical representative of anti-aging and had the total composition, are shown in table 8.

Table 8
Cream anti-aging skin care 1 (series G)
Ingredientswt.%
Phase A
Deionized waterbalance
Cationic/cationogenic comb copolymer 1,0
Niacinamide2,0
Phase B
Octinoxate1,0
Cetearyl alcohol5,5
Cetearate-250,5
Total100,0

For each case, where the creation of the drug G-series used one cationic/cationogenic comb-shaped copolymers obtained in examples 71-72, when creating followed the same methodology described for the preparation of series B. In the case of preparations of series G and H, were added the specified number of cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer per 100% of the polymer.

Preparation H-series was created as a typical representative of anti-aging and had the total composition, are shown in table 9.

Table 9
Cream anti-aging skin care 2 (series H)
Ingredientswt.%
Phase A
Deionized waterbalance
Cationic/cationogenic comb copolymer1,0
Erythropenia acid1,0
Phase B
Octinoxate1,0
Cetearyl alcohol5,5
Cetearate-250,5
Total100,0

For each case, where the creation of the drug H-series used one cationic/cationogenic comb-shaped copolymers obtained in examples 71-72, when creating followed the same methodology described for the preparation of series B.

Then both drugs series G and H were subjected to tests to determine the efficiency of deposition of the active ingredient against aging skin, Niacinamide or eritorious acid, using in-vitro synthetic leather. The tests were carried out by applying onto the skin and rubbing 2 mg/cm2drug within 30 seconds. After application, the skin was allowed to dry for 15 minutes, then the skin was immersed in a Cup of Pet and 30 ml of deionized water while stirring with a polished magnetic stirrer at a speed of 300 Rev/min Water temperature was maintained at a level of room temperature (22°C±2).

1, 2 and 15 minutes after a dive, taking samples of water and filtered through a filter with pore size of 5 microns. Then these samples were subjected to study by using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to determine the number of Niacinamide or eritorious acid, extracted water sample, and thus counted number of deposited ingredient against aging, which was then averaged to account for various time intervals at which the selected samples.

The results of this study are shown in table 13, which contains a complete list of the results obtained in the research conducted for each series G-J.

For each series A-H, were prepared for comparison "idling" the drug as a control, which was identical, but did not contain any of the compositions of cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer.

The drug I series was prepared by mixing 1% of the mass. (calculated on 100% polymer) cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer of example 72 manufactured by Procter & Gamble dandruff shampoo "Head & Shoulders®, containing zinc pyrithione. The mixture of cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer and shampoo were carried out at room temperature. Produced by firms is th Procter & Gamble shampoo without cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer served as the "idling" of the drug for the drug series I.

The product series J was prepared by mixing 1% of the mass. (calculated on 100% polymer) cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer of example 72 manufactured by Rite Aid Corporation dandruff Shampoo that contains zinc pyrithione". The mixture of cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer and shampoo were carried out at room temperature. Manufactured by Rite Aid Corporation shampoo without cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer served as the "idling" of the drug for the drug series J.

Then the preparations of both series I and J were subjected to the study to determine the effectiveness of the deposition of the active ingredient for dandruff of pyrithione, using in-vitro synthetic leather. The tests were carried out by applying onto the skin and rubbing 2 mg/cm2drug within 30 seconds. After application, the skin was allowed to dry for 5 minutes, and then the skin was immersed in a Petri dish with 30 ml of deionized water while stirring with a polished magnetic stirrer at a speed of 300 Rev/min water Temperature was maintained at a level of room temperature (22°C±2).

At 30 seconds, 1 and 2 minutes after a dive, taking samples of water and filtered their certfile with pore size of 5 microns. Then these samples were subjected to study by using atomic emission spectroscopy with inductively coupled plasma (ICP-OES), using dual emission spectrometer Perkin-Elmer Optima 5000 axial observation of plasma and background correction, to determine the amount of pyrithione, extracted with water, which allowed to calculate the amount deposited on the skin ingredient for dandruff, which were then averaged to account for various time intervals at which the selected samples.

The results of tests conducted on different preparations of series A-F, are shown in table 12. For drugs for which studied the effectiveness of the deposition of the active ingredient, in table 12 also shows the comparative results showing an increase in the degree of deposits reached about the relative "idling" of the drug.

Table 12 also shows the viscosity of preparations A-C and E-F, measured in Pascals∙seconds (PA∙s) using a Brookfield viscometer with a rotating spindle (Brookfield Model DV-III RV) using a Helipath spindle B-E at approximately 10 revolutions per minute (rpm)at room temperature (20-25°C). And the spindle, and the number of revolutions per minute, was set up in such a way as to obtain the measurement for torque recommended for the unit interval. Before measuring PR the drugs were brought into equilibrium with room temperature over night. For each sample was performed three measurements, each from different places inside the container with the sample, and the results were averaged.

Table 12 also shows two additional properties, appearance and viscosity of the copolymer solution (3 wt.% solids) in distilled water for testing, which was performed on a limited number of typical samples. Blank spaces in the table indicate that a particular sample was not used in the corresponding drug or that for this sample was not obtained data.

The results of tests conducted on various drugs series G-J are shown in table 13, which also shows the comparative results showing the increase in the degree of deposits reached about the relative "idling" of the drug. Blank spaces in the table indicate that a particular sample was not used in the corresponding drug, or that for this sample was not obtained data.

The product K-series was created as a typical representative of sunscreen with a high content of ethanol and had the total composition, are given in table 10.

Table 10
Sunscreen with a high content of ethanol (preparation is t K)
Ingredientswt.%
Ethanol70,0
Cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer of example 725,0
C12-15 Alkylbenzoic (and) dipropyleneglycol dibenzoate (and) GPR-15 stearyl ether benzoate5,0
Octocrylene5,0
Ethylhexylglycerin3,0
Homosalate5,0
Butylperoxybenzoate4,0
Benzophenone-33,0
Total100,0

The product K-series was created by adding ingredients in the order specified at room temperature (22°C±2). In the case of drugs K and L, were added the specified number of cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer per 100% of the polymer. After adding each ingredient, the mixture was manually stirred until then, until it became homogeneous. Have a stable and homogeneous sunscreen preparation is you.

Then measured by sun protection factor (SPF) of preparation K using device firm IMS Inc., using the "Protocol for determination of resistance to water". Get the amount of sun protection factor (SPF) of 50+ (that is, greater than or equal to 50), and sunscreen drug is resistant to the action of water.

The drug L-series was created as a typical representative of sunscreen and had the total composition, are shown in table 11.

Table 11
Sunscreen( product L)
Ingredientswt.%
Phase A
Mineral oil2,0
Emulsifying wax NF5,0
Steareth-211,0
Steareth-20,5
Cetyl alcohol1,0
Octinoxate7,5
Oxybenzone6,0
Octisalate 5,0
Phase B
Deionized waterbalance
Hydroxyethylcellulose0,3
Cationic/cationogenic comb-like copolymer of example 721,5
Propylene glycol, diazolidinylurea, methylparaben, propylparaben1,0
Total100,0

The drug L was established in accordance with the following method. First, all ingredients of phase A were added together in a vessel and stirred and heated to 80°C. In a separate vessel was added deionized water, hydroxyethyl cellulose and cationic/cationogenic comb copolymer was also heated to 80°C and stirred, and at this point, add phase A to phase B. the Mixture was cooled to 65°C and homogenized at 5000 rpm for 3 minutes. Once the mixture was cooled to a temperature below 60°C, was added preservative (mixture of thiazolidinedione and parabens propylene glycol), and then continuously stirred until then, until the temperature reached room temperature.

Then measured the other polarvision the private factor (SPF) of preparation K using device firm IMS Inc., using the "Protocol for determination of resistance to water". Get the amount of sun protection factor (SPF) of 30, and sunscreen drug is resistant to the action of water.

140
Table 12
A number of example polymer% Deposits salicylic acid (series A)% Increase in deposits of salicylic acid (series A)Organoleptic scoring pleasant sensory perception (series B)Organoleptic scoring good slip (series B)% Deposits Si
(series C)
% Increase in deposits
(series C)
% Deposits Si
(series D)
% Increase in deposits
(series D)
% Deposits Si
(series E)
% Increase in deposits
(series E)
The viscosity of the series A in PA∙sThe viscosity B-series in PA∙sThe viscosity of the series C in PA∙sThe viscosity of the series E PA∙sThe viscosity of the series F in PA∙sExternal is ID 3 wt.% solution of the copolymer in deionized water Viscosity (centipoise) 3 wt.% solution of the copolymer in deionized water
1361700the 3.8a 3.988795813066570,1841,2of 31.49,920,3of transp.≤40
2351700a 3.93,581657721081932,320,3of 17.016,0a 3.9white≤40
3371700a 3.93,6 857463150901200,5757,011,955,51,8of transp.≤40
42913004,14,089817420081930,4520,2the 15.619,849,2
5208804,0the 3.889828424083992,751,0of 45.7 11,330,2
64220004,34,0898175200871100,6827,061,07,333,3
73014003,53,561256215073740,7222,827,511,516,8
82311003,03,5 8365160851000,60the 11.624,214,99,0
93115004,04,053110861000,9769,0
10241100the 3.83,6888069170871103,025,439,6the 9.7 23,4
1172302,93,4887973190841000,5519,514,514,114,2
12177604,13,385736918083996,212,214,518,911,1
13146002,93,1724 6516075780,5211,213,17,6a 3.9
142813002,12,486755813069643,511,865,57,35,0
154119002,12,5908366160881100,3510,875,17,612,4
16177403,03,184716616086100the 4.725,933,240,215,0
172511003,04,0531100,2027,9
184723003,33,3887959871103,510,487,28,623,9
19219503,53,39084571308911030,1to 12.039,613,938,2of transp.≤40
202210003,43,4898161140871102,923,136,97,035,0
213315003,43,4867570180881101,2the 15.643,912,612,4
222813004,34,198100611401,132,615,811,09,2of transp.≤40
2319870a 3.93,4867581 22074761,125,826,412,43,0
24177403,53,489827018079895,065,731,7the 9.79,5of transp.≤40
25261200a 3.9the 3.88675458052241,322,031,010,73,1
26177503,53,584717520080914,6146,329,52,523,9

89 1,9 3,0
27231000a 3.94,087777520081920,7598,8the 17.36,0a 4.9
283115004,14,37552 762007375the 3.844,123,99,13,2
294220004,43,1826658130901201,824,331,214,62,0
302712004,34,178607520076801,023,611,121,415,5
313718003,03,5847161140881100,91111,38,0the 33.49,4
32198304,4a 3.982676416080910,5425,932,040,244,3of transp.≤40
332512004,04,3806459 14077831,320,921,0the 9.72,8
34167103,64,182_666516087110a 4.930,36,013,67,9
353114003,3a 3.983696315081921,4100,129,211,413,0of transp.363516003,33,6836963150851002,6the 17.319,616,22,1
373215004,03,574525914081940,7819,712,28,53,5
382411003,43,681666682950,7919,419,616,51,8
393316003,6a 3.982_676717081921,924,06,310,410,9
40351600a 3.9the 3.881787621080897,026,1the 10.1of 21.28,5
41311500the 3.84,084727018080910,3418,76,510,79,8
42219304,14,372476817068610,8737,162,617,92,4
43361700a 3.94,3816564160 891100,3627,333,39,45,8
44371700the 3.83,6837067170951302,1by 115.7of 21.95,24,0
452813003,03,38164591408398the 4.7137,033,212,215,0
462914003,43,48166671707887the 3.8103,720,39,06,0
474313033,43,334713313373331,3112,723,324,313,3
483014004,14,3836979220800,6317,828,718,06,0
492210004,14,486757821082951,023,714,617,76,9white≤40
502813004,13,489817520079890,6242,428,415,44,1
51 351600a 3.9the 3.884716516080911,975,642,36,322,8
52442100a 3.94,178596215077821,027,912,514,58,3
53281300a 3.9a 3.9898159140839841,242,39,922,8
54271300a 3.9the 3.8837063150921201,096,315,26,913,1
554321003,02,06516082961,919,1
563617004,0478876810,6712,3
572813003,43,6847263150871101,730,526,77,434,1
58198603,03,05412072724,318,0
594421004,04,06416084993,3to 12.0
60177603,13,1877869170841002,029,77,59,430,9
614321004,04,0 5110080904,672,0
623315003,53,0426871690,8739,5
636632003,53,54892851000,5155,0
643014004,03,484707620078870,43222,315,1a 4.94,6muddy≤40
6583204,0the 3.888807721077831,110,922,416,448,7

66156504,03,6 90847119077831,346,131,021,621,3
67135704,04,083707620077840,3523,071,8of 31.45,9
682813003,5a 3.965327319079895,5164,06,1 18,8the 3.8
6929The M3504,34,08022011,07,6white≤40
70177504,24,5832304,329,5of transp.≤40
71a 3.94,0 832307681to 38.310,2of transp.≤40
72209004,14,18424080907,116,113,8of transp.≤40
Holo-stop2n/a1,01,049n/a25n/a42n/a5,911,228,4 12,22,4

Table 13
A number of example polymer% Deposits Niacinamide
(series G)
% Increase in deposits Niacinamide (series G)% Deposits eritorious acid (H series)% Increase in deposits eritorious acid
(series H)
% The deposition of zinc pyrithione (series I)% Increase in deposition of zinc pyrithione (series I)% The deposition of zinc pyrithione (series J)% Increase in deposition of zinc pyrithione (series J)
713635006468
726665007392961490 14
Idle1n/a38n/a84n/a79n/a

A brief discussion of the results on experimental drugs for personal hygiene

The results presented in table 12 showed a significant increase in the degree of deposition of active ingredients (salicylic acid and organosilicon) for each sample of the copolymer in each of the four preparations containing the active ingredient. Similarly, the sensory evaluation scores for sensory perception and slip were significantly higher in each case compared to the "idle" drug, which had a lower score in the organoleptic test. The results presented in table 13, also showed a significant increase in the degree of deposition of active ingredients (Niacinamide, eritorious acid and zinc pyrithione) in the case of preparations containing cationic/cationogenic comb copolymer.

In many cases was achieved greater thickening of drugs compared to the "idle" drugs. When preparations characterized what was ovalis significant increase in the degree of fat and the best sensual perception, but no effect is observed thickening, you can use a thickening agent component as an additive. At the same time, the use of additives to achieve the effect of thickening is not possible to easily achieve the effects of improving the level of deposits and the characteristics of sensory perception, which illustrates the effectiveness of the cationic/cationogenic comb copolymers according to examples of embodiments of the invention, in which these results can be achieved.

And actually, for situations where the copolymer showed no thickening effect of the drug in General, when measuring the viscosity of a solution only a sample of the copolymer in deionized water at a concentration of 3 wt.% solid copolymer) received a viscosity lower than the lower threshold measurement viscometer (40 CP), which demonstrates the lack of effect of thickening water. Without going into theory or explanation of this issue, however, we can conclude that the cationic/cationogenic comb copolymers according to examples of embodiments of the invention dissolved in water, but not in preparations for personal hygiene, in which they interact with other organic components present.

Discussion of other products that may be used a copolymer

Despite the fact cationic composition/cationogenic comb-like copolymer according to example embodiments of the invention have been described primarily with reference to use in personal care products, nevertheless, it is obvious that they can also be used as ingredients in other applications.

Examples of applications include cleaning products used in household, industrial and/or other organizations, such as cleaners for surfaces used for cleaning kitchens and bathrooms (for example, cleaning countertops working the kitchen table and tiled surfaces), cleaners for toilet cleaning products for the edge of the toilet bowl cleaning products for floor cleaning products for walls, cleaning products for vehicles, air fresheners, detergents for dishwashers and other soap for washing dishes, detergents and detergents for Laundry, fabric softeners, stain removers, tools for processing textiles and other such tools, all of the aforementioned applications are only examples. Other applications may include the use of such copolymers as ingredients of cleaners for metals, means for removing limescale remover for paints and varnishes, and polishing tools for furniture, shoes, cars or metals, while again all the aforementioned applications are only examples.

Disclosed in the invention cationic/cationogenic comb copolymers that is also suitable for use in various industrial processes and in various industries. Examples of applications include the use of such polymers as agents to improve the technological properties and finishing the painting/coating on the fabric; in compositions for printing and finishing paints; as stabilizers for chemical processes (for example, when the polymerization is carried out in aqueous solution or emulsion, as for example, in the preparation of photographic emulsions)as flocculants for wastewater treatment, as auxiliary substances in the manufacture of paper, such as the production of papers for use in ink-jet printers, and, for example, as a water-retaining substance or gel-forming substance.

As in the case of personal hygiene, it should be borne in mind that these other types of products containing disclosed in the invention cationic/cationogenic comb copolymers can be in any form, including but not limited to, a form such as liquid, gel, spray, emulsion, semi-solid substance (such as pasta) and solid matter (such as pencil, tablet or rod), depending on which form is desirable for the intended use of the concrete composition.

The invention has been described with reference to specific aspects, but for professionals in this field are all innymi and other aspects and embodiments of, which are included in the scope of claims.

1. Comb copolymer including:
A) one or more repeating units derived from olefinic unsaturated cationic or cationogenic of comonomers; and
B) one or more repeating units having the formula

where Y is a fragment, forming part of the skeleton of the copolymer obtained from a monomer selected from at least one of the following monomers: olefinic unsaturated cationic or cationogenic of comonomers, acrylamide monomers, one or more olefinic unsaturated hydrophilic monomers, one or more olefinic unsaturated monomers;
Z is a fragment, which is capable of forming associate with other fragments Z or other fragments in the product, which will use the copolymer, and Z is a hydrophobic fragment selected from alkyl, aryl, Uralkaliy, alkyl fluoride groups having from 8 to 50 carbon atoms, a silicon group having from 35 to 25 linked fragments SiO, or silane; and
b is a bond or a fragment, which connect the fragment Z fragment Y, and b represents a covalent bond formed by at least one complex ester, carbonyl, amidon, amine oxide, hydrocarbon, amino, simple ester is m, polyoxyalkylene groups, or communications that occur through ionic salt.

2. Comb copolymer according to claim 1, additionally comprising one or more repeating units derived from a monomer selected at least one of the following groups:
C) acrylamide monomers;
D) one or more olefinic unsaturated hydrophilic monomers that are not A, B or C; or
E) one or more olefinic unsaturated monomers that are not A, B, C or D.

3. Comb copolymer according to claim 2, comprising one or more repeating units derived from monomers selected at least two of groups C, D, or E.

4. Comb copolymer according to claim 3, comprising one or more repeating units derived from monomers selected at least from each of groups C, D and E.

5. Comb copolymer according to claim 2, where the mass percentage of ionic and ionogenic monomers in the copolymer is from about 2 to about 45 percent.

6. Comb copolymer according to claim 2, where the mass percentage of ionic monomers in the copolymer is from about 2 to about 45 percent.

7. Comb copolymer according to claim 2, where the mass percentage capable of Association of the fragments Z is from about 2 to priblisitelno percent.

8. Comb copolymer according to claim 2, where the mass ratio is capable of Association of the fragments Z of the ion and the ionic monomer is from approximately 0.1 to approximately 5.5.

9. Comb copolymer according to claim 2, where the mass ratio is capable of Association of the fragments to Z ionic monomers is from about 0.15 to about 6.5.

10. Comb copolymer according to claim 2, where the copolymer is non-crystalline.

11. Comb copolymer according to claim 2, where the copolymer has an endothermic peak at a temperature of approximately less than 100°C.

12. Comb copolymer according to claim 2, where the viscosity of 3 wt.% (solids) solution of the copolymer in distilled water at 25°C is approximately less than 250 centipoise.

13. Comb copolymer according to claim 2, where the copolymer is not crosslinked.

14. Comb copolymer according to claim 2, where the monomers of group E are monoolefinic unsaturated monomers.

15. A means of personal hygiene, including
Wednesday cosmetic foundations; and
from about 0.1% to about 20% by weight of a comb-like copolymer according to any one of claims 1 to 14.

16. A means of personal hygiene in § 15, additionally comprising the active ingredient, where the comb-like copolymer increases the degree of deposition of the active ingredient on the keratinized structure, less the th least 10% compared with the means of personal hygiene, which has a similar composition, but without the comb-like copolymer.

17. Composition for personal hygiene, including:
Wednesday cosmetic bases and at least one comb copolymer including:
A) one or more repeating units derived from olefinic unsaturated cationic or cationogenic of comonomers; and
B) one or more repeating units having the formula

where Y is a fragment, forming part of the skeleton of the copolymer obtained from a monomer selected from at least one of the following monomers: olefinic unsaturated cationic or cationogenic of comonomers, acrylamide monomers, one or more olefinic unsaturated hydrophilic monomers, one or more olefinic unsaturated monomers;
Z is a fragment, which is capable of forming associate with other fragments Z or other fragments in the product, which will use the copolymer, and Z is a hydrophobic fragment selected from alkyl, aryl, Uralkaliy, alkyl fluoride groups having from 8 to 50 carbon atoms, a silicon group having from 35 to 25 linked fragments SiO, or silane; and
b is a bond or a fragment, which connect the fragment Z fragments is ω Y, and b represents a covalent bond formed by at least one complex ester, carbonyl, amidon, amine oxide, hydrocarbon, amino, simple ether, polyoxyalkylene groups, or communications that occur through ionic salt;
where the mass percentage of ionic monomers in the copolymer is from about 2 to about 45%, the mass percentage capable of Association of the fragments Z is from about 2 to about 50% and the mass ratio capable of Association of the fragments Z of the ion and the ionic monomer is from approximately 0.1 to approximately 5.5.

18. Composition for personal hygiene 17, where the number of comb-shaped polymer is sufficient to modify at least one of the following characteristics cosmetic medium: sediments and retain sediments of the active ingredient and retention silicone oil, sensual perception and viscosity.

19. Composition for personal hygiene 17, where the comb-like polymer is not crosslinked.

20. Composition for personal hygiene 17, where the comb polymer has a value Tm of less than 25°C.

21. Composition for personal hygiene 17, where the polymer is characterized by a viscosity in water of less than 250 centipoise, measured the Oh at a temperature of 25°C.

22. Composition for personal care products according to claim 19, where the comb polymer has a solubility in water of approximately less than 50 wt.%.

23. Composition for personal hygiene 17, where the comb-like copolymer is from about 12 to about 22 wt.% of the monomers of group A, consists of about 25 to about 75 wt.% from a monomer having the structure:

where X1=O, n=q=r=0, p is from 3 to 30, and Z represents an alkyl group having from 10 to 18 carbon atoms is from about 7 to about 30 wt.% capable of Association of the fragments of Z, is not crosslinked, and is characterized measured at 25°C viscosity in aqueous solution at 3 masses. % (solids) of approximately less than 100 centipoise.

24. Composition for personal hygiene 17, where the comb-like copolymer is from about 12 to about 22 wt.% of the monomers of group A, consists of about 25 to about 75 wt.% from a monomer having the structure:

where X1=O, n=q=r=0, p is from 3 to 30, and Z represents an alkyl group having from 10 to 18 carbon atoms, consists of acrylamide monomer of group C, is from about 7 to about 30 wt.% capable of Association of the fragments of Z, is not the fabric, and characterized measured at 25°C viscosity in aqueous solution at 3 masses. % (solids) of approximately less than 100 centipoise.

25. Composition for personal hygiene 17, where the comb-like copolymer is from about 12 to about 22 wt.% of the monomers of group A, consists of about 25 to about 75 wt.% from a monomer having the structure:

where X1=O, n=q=r=0, p is from 3 to 30, and Z represents an alkyl group having from 10 to 18 carbon atoms, consists of hydroxyalkyl[meth]acrylate monomer has from about 7 to about 30 wt.% capable of Association of the fragments of Z, is not crosslinked, and is characterized measured at 25°C viscosity in aqueous solution at 3 masses. % (solids) of approximately less than 100 centipoise.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: process is carried out in continuous mode in a polymerisation apparatus, having a polymerisation reactor which is integrated with a measuring device. The method involves feeding a low-reactivity polyester macromonomer and water into the polymerisation reactor. A portion of a highly reactive, hydrolysable monomer is then added and an aqueous polymerisation medium is formed. At least a portion of the hydrolysable monomer is initially fed into the measuring device and then into the polymerisation reactor. Free-radical polymerisation is then carried out in an aqueous medium. Before and/or while adding the hydrolysable monomer, a free-radical polymerisation initiator is fed into the polymerisation reactor. During polymerisation, the rate of adding the hydrolysable monomer and/or initiator is varied in steps or continuously. No monomer for including ionic cement binding sites into a nonionic copolymer is fed into the polymerisation reactor. The hydrolysable monomer used is at least one ethylenically unsaturated hydrolysable monomer A. The polyester macromonomer used is at least one ethylenically unsaturated monomer of polyoxyalkylene ester B and/or C. Component B and/or C can be fed into the reactor in advance and component A is then added thereto at a rate which varies at least once.

EFFECT: invention enables to obtain a nonionic copolymer which is capable of prolonging placeability of the cementing mixture over s long period of time, which enables to minimise the need to adjust deposits during preparation and at the construction site, reduce repeated dosing of plasticising additives into the cement mixture.

26 cl, 10 dwg, 9 tbl, 36 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of producing polymer polyol in periodic or semi-periodic mode, where the method involves mixing the base polyol, one or more ethylenically unsaturated monomers, a polymerisation initiator, optionally a macromer and optionally a chain transfer agent, and polymerisation of the obtained mixture at temperature 50-200°C, where one or more miscible compounds are fed at temperature in the range of 50-150% of the temperature (in °C) at which polymerisation takes place. The invention also describes a polyol obtained using the method described above, a method of producing polyurethane foam by foaming a composition containing the disclosed polymer polyol, the foam itself, which is obtained using such a method, as well as moulding an article containing polyurethane foam.

EFFECT: significant cutting of the duration of the cycle of the periodic process, cutting duration of the start phase, as well as solving the problem of scaling and shortcomings associated with scaling when implementing the method of producing polymer polyol.

12 cl, 1 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a modified polyacrylate containing fluorinated oxetane polymer links functionalised with unsaturated dicarboxylic acid, and siloxane links. The invention describes an antifrictional and smoothing additive, characterised by that it contains a copolymer which can be obtained via copolymerisation of A) at least one link of a fluorinated oxetane polymer, functionalised with unsaturated dicarboxylic acid of formula I, in which R1 denotes a link obtained from a fluorinated oxetane prepolymer having structure II, in which R denotes C1-C6 alkyl, Rf denotes linear or branched perforated alkyl or isoalkyl groups containing 1-20 C atoms, n ranges from 1 to 3, x ranges from 2 to 20; Z denotes a hydrogen atom or CF3CH2-, or HO-CO-CR3=CR4-CO-, or R1-O-CO-CR3=CR4-CO-, where R1 assumes values given above; R2 denotes a hydrogen atom or R1; R3 and R4 independently denote a hydrogen atom or C1-C6 alkyl, or phenyl; B) at least one terminal reactive polysiloxane link; C) at least one alkyl(meth)acrylate link or cycloalkyl(meth)acrylate link and/or (meth)acrylic acid and/or other links obtained from vinyl compounds which can form radicals. The invention also describes an antifrictional and smoothing dispersion, coating material, printing ink or plastic material containing said additive.

EFFECT: additive having improved surface properties, such as high anti-mottling capacity, low coefficient of friction, good adhesion, and having good antifoaming properties.

8 cl, 5 tbl, 5 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a novel anti-frictional and levelling additive which contains perfluoroalkyl dicarboxylic acid/siloxane residues, and use thereof in coating materials, printing ink and plastic compositions. The invention discloses an anti-frictional and levelling additive which contains a copolymer obtained via polymerisation of A) 0.1-10 wt % mono- or diperfluoroether of a non-saturated dicarboxylic acid, B) 1-5 wt % terminal reactive polysiloxane compound, B) 50-98.9 wt % alkyl(meth)acrylate links or (meth)acrylic acid and/or another link which is deactivated from vinyl compounds, which can form radicals. The invention also discloses coating material, printing ink and a plastic composition which contains the said anti-frictional and levelling additive.

EFFECT: disclosed additive has low foaming capacity, which makes it easy to apply, and its addition to different materials reduces the coefficient of friction, improves sliding and provides complete wetting of the treated material.

5 cl, 11 tbl, 30 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of preparing an aqueous polymer dispersion. The method involves reacting one or more cationic or non-ionic monomers (m) and a polymer (B) in the presence of a co-stabiliser A. Polymer (B) is hydrolysed in the presence of a co-stabiliser (A) with formation of a polymer stabiliser (C). The obtained aqueous dispersion is further used as a holding agent in paper production.

EFFECT: disclosed dispersion demonstrates good retention and dehydration properties.

12 cl, 6 ex, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a synthetic thickener used in compositions for making paints. The synthetic thickener contains a water-soluble or water-swellable synthetic polymer whose main chain contains terminal and/or intermediate blocks of oligomeric hydrophobic fragments. The hydrophobic fragments are selected from a group which includes alkyl or aryl fragments which contain a polymerising cyclic monomer or mixture thereof. The monomer is selected from a group which includes alkyl glycidyl ethers, aryl glycidyl ethers, alkyl epoxy and mixtures thereof. Alternatively, hydrophobic fragments are selected from a group which includes polymerising alkene or mixture thereof and derivatives thereof. The polymerising alkene monomer is selected from a group which includes styrene and styrene compounds. The main chain of the water-soluble or water-swellable synthetic polymer is selected from a group which includes polyethylene glycol, polyacetal polyethers and polyurethane. The synthetic thickener can be used as a modifier of rheological characteristics, especially in latex paints.

EFFECT: use of the synthetic thickener in water-based coatings ensures good thickening, levelling and insignificant drips.

5 cl, 23 ex, 4 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: described is composition hardened by polymerisation, containing 100 wt parts of composition, including from 10 to 80% wt, of bifunctional monomer, such as 2,2-bis(4-methacryloyloxypolyethoxyphenyl)propane; from 1 to 15% wt, of polyfunctional monomer, such as trimethaclylate trimethylpropane; from 5 to 89% wt, of polymerised monomer, different from first two, for instance diacrylate tetraethylene glycol; from 0.001 to 5 wt parts of chromane; and from 0.001 to 0.5 wt parts of light-stabiliser, such as bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-pyperidyl)sebacinate. Also described is method of obtaining of hardened product and hardened product.

EFFECT: reduction of coefficient of yellowing in storing for more than 6 months and increase of photochromic properties of hardened product.

7 cl, 2 tbl, 20 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: claimed invention relates to a method of obtaining heterogeneous mixture used in the paper industry. Described is the method of manufacturing heterogeneous mixture of polymers, including: (a) introduction into a solution of the first portion of a polymerisation initiator and one or several anionic or cationic monomers, with monomers carrying the same charge; (b) introduction into the solution of the second portion of the polymerisation initiator and one or several non-ionic monomers; (c) introduction of the third portion of the polymerisation initiator and one or several ionic monomers, whose charge is opposite to the charge of monomers from (a); (d) gradual introduction of the fourth portion of polymerisation initiator for a reaction of any remaining monomer with formation of a heterogeneous mixture of polymers; and (e) in case of necessity neutralisation of the obtained heterogeneous mixture of polymers, with anionic monomers being selected from the group, consisting of: (1) acrylic acid, (2) methacrylic acid, (3) styrene sulfonic acid, (4) vinyl sulfonic acid, (5) acrylamido methylpropane sulfonic acid and (6) their mixtures; cationic monomers are selected from the group, which includes: (1) diallyldimethylammonium chloride, (2) acryloylethyl trimethylammonium chloride, (3) methacryloylethyltrimethylammonium chloride, (4) acryloylethyltrimethylammonium sulfate, (5) methacryloyl ethyltrimethylammonium sulfate, (6) acrylamidopropyltrimethylammonium chloride, (7) methacrylamidopropyl trimethylammonium chloride, (8) non-quaternised forms (2)-(7), (9) vinylformamide (further hydrolised into vinylamine) and (10) their mixtures, and non-ionic monomers are selected from the group, consisting of: (1) acrylamide, (2) methacrylamide, (3) N-alkylacrylamide, (4) vinylformamide and (5) their mixtures. Also described is the heterogeneous mixture of polymers, intended for increasing the content of a filling agent in paper or carton, obtained by the method described above. Methods of increasing the content of the filling agent in a paper or carton sheet with application of the said heterogeneous mixture of polymers are described.

EFFECT: increase of the content of an inorganic filling agent in paper with simultaneous preservation of weight, strength and suitability of the final product for processing.

17 cl, 9 tbl, 14 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: process is carried out in continuous mode in a polymerisation apparatus, having a polymerisation reactor which is integrated with a measuring device. The method involves feeding a low-reactivity polyester macromonomer and water into the polymerisation reactor. A portion of a highly reactive, hydrolysable monomer is then added and an aqueous polymerisation medium is formed. At least a portion of the hydrolysable monomer is initially fed into the measuring device and then into the polymerisation reactor. Free-radical polymerisation is then carried out in an aqueous medium. Before and/or while adding the hydrolysable monomer, a free-radical polymerisation initiator is fed into the polymerisation reactor. During polymerisation, the rate of adding the hydrolysable monomer and/or initiator is varied in steps or continuously. No monomer for including ionic cement binding sites into a nonionic copolymer is fed into the polymerisation reactor. The hydrolysable monomer used is at least one ethylenically unsaturated hydrolysable monomer A. The polyester macromonomer used is at least one ethylenically unsaturated monomer of polyoxyalkylene ester B and/or C. Component B and/or C can be fed into the reactor in advance and component A is then added thereto at a rate which varies at least once.

EFFECT: invention enables to obtain a nonionic copolymer which is capable of prolonging placeability of the cementing mixture over s long period of time, which enables to minimise the need to adjust deposits during preparation and at the construction site, reduce repeated dosing of plasticising additives into the cement mixture.

26 cl, 10 dwg, 9 tbl, 36 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to molecularly imprinted polymers selective for at least one tobacco specific nitrosamine (TSNA), the polymer being obtained using materials comprising a TSNA or a structural analogue thereof, a neutral functional group-containing monomer selected from a group comprising 2-hydroxyethylmethacrylate (HEMA), acrylamide, methacrylamide, glycerol monoacrylate and glycerol monomethacrylate, and a hydrophobic cross-linking agent. The invention also describes a method of producing a molecularly imprinted polymer, a smoking article, a tobacco smoke filter and a kit for detecting, quantitative determination and separation of nitrosamines contained in a sample, which include a molecularly imprinted polymer, a method of reducing content of at least one TSNA in a tobacco product and a method of producing tobacco material.

EFFECT: obtaining molecularly imprinted polymers which are selective for nitroso-containing compounds.

25 cl, 18 dwg, 8 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: copolymer contains as monomer components, a) at least one compound which contains a sulphonic acid group, b) at least one compound selected from a group comprising N-vinyl-caprolactam, N,N-dimethylacrylamide, N,N-diethylacrylamide, isopropylacrylamide, N-vinylpyrrolidone, N-vinylacetamide, N-vinylformamide, N-methyl-N-vinylacetamide, N-alkylacrylate and N-alkylmethacrylate, and c) at least one bifunctional vinyl ester selected from: divinyl ester of triethylene glycol, divinyl ester of diethylene glycol or divinyl ester of butanediol. Also disclosed is use of the copolymer as an additive to hydraulic binders and/or compositions containing components that swell in water.

EFFECT: copolymer is sued as water-retaining or anti-segregation agent.

10 cl, 12 tbl, 20 ex

Polymer dispersion // 2495053

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to an aqueous polymer dispersion, a method for production thereof, use thereof and a method of making paper. The aqueous polymer dispersion for use as a flocculant when making paper or for water treatment contains an anionic water-soluble dispersion polymer which contains, in polymerised form, a monomer mixture containing (i) one or more anionic monomers, (ii) a first nonionic vinyl monomer which is an acrylamide, and (iii) at least a second nonionic vinyl monomer; a water-soluble salt and a stabiliser, where the water-soluble salt is present in an amount equal to at least 2.0 wt %, with respect to the total mass of the dispersion, and where the monomer mixture contains about 1 to about 40 mol % anionic monomer, about 20 to about 98 mol % acrylamide, and about 1 to about 40 mol % second nonionic vinyl monomer, wherein the sum of the percentage content equals 100, and the stabiliser is a polymer.

EFFECT: disclosed dispersion is characterised by better dehydration time.

23 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: method of obtaining cross-linked hydrophilic polymer, demonstrating properties of superabsorbent, includes radical polymerization of acryl monomer in water medium in presence of oxidation-reduction initiating system, as acryl monomer used is N,N-dimethylacrylamide or its mixture with hydrophilic uncharged and/or ionogenic acryl monomer, polymerisation is carried out in frozen water medium, for which purpose initial solution of reagents is frozen and kept at -5…-40°C for 4…24 h, after which frozen system is thawed out, target product is separated and dried by known methods.

EFFECT: simplification of composition of initial mixture of acryl comonomers, as special linking agent is not introduced into initial solution for obtaining cross-linked polymer, invention is characterised by higher level of process safety on the whole, it is characterised by essential universality with respect to possibilities of varying water-absorbing ability of target product.

2 cl, 1 tbl, 41 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: disclosed is use of (meth)acrylic acid amide(s) as a comonomer (comonomers) (b), meant for enhancing thermal stability using non-formaldehyde containing aqueous dispersion of a polymer obtained via emulsion copolymerisation of at least the following components: (a) vinyl ester monomer (monomers) and (b) a comonomer (comonomers) containing said amide derivatives of acrylic and/or methacrylic acid, in the presence of at least (c) a completely hydrolysed polyvinyl alcohol (PVOH), the average degree of hydrolysis of which is more than 95.00 mol %, wherein polymerisation does not include comonomers which are amide derivatives of N-alkylol(meth)acrylic acid, and thermal stability of the adhesive compound which is measured in form of a WATT 91 value in accordance with DIN EN 14257 is higher than that of samples obtained without using amide derivatives (b) of acrylic and/or methacrylic acid. The invention also discloses a non-formaldehyde containing polymer dispersion and a method of preparing said dispersion using (meth)acrylic acid amides, as well as a binder composition containing said aqueous polymer dispersion.

EFFECT: possibility of obtaining water resistant and heat resistant wood glue which does not decolour wood when gluing.

44 cl, 8 tbl, 40 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a polymer of formula (I): In-[(A)x-(B)y-( A')x-(E)z]n, obtained via controlled free-radical polymerisation using nitroxyl radicals with excess acrylate. In is a fragment of an initiator. A and A' are identical or different monomers selected from a group comprising methylacrylate, ethylacrylate, ethylhexylacrylate, propylacrylate, cyclohexylacrylate, hydroxyethylacrylate, n-butylacrylate, styrene and vinylpyridine. The amount of unsubstituted C1-C22 alkyl acrylic esters and/or C1-C22 alkyl methacrylic esters is more than 30 wt %. B is propargylacrylate. E is a group containing at least one stable nitroxyl free radical.

EFFECT: obtaining polymers suitable for use as a wetting or dispersing agent for dyes, as well as starting material for all reactions starting with alkyne or for hydrosilylation reactions.

8 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cation-active or amphoteric polymers used as additives in paper production to improve efficiency of gluing paper products, methods of production and use of additives.

EFFECT: more efficient gluing of paper products, saving material for gluing.

28 cl, 10 tbl, 11 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to technology of preparing a dispersion of a water-soluble polymer which can be used as a retention and dehydrating additive during production of paper, as an additive which increases strength of paper in dry state, as a thickener in chemical, biotechnological, pharmaceutical or cosmetic industry or as a soil-improving additive. The method of preparing a dispersion of a water-soluble polymer involves polymerisation of one or more water-soluble anionic monomers and one or more non-ionic vinyl monomers present in a reaction mixture which is an aqueous medium which additionally contains a polymer stabiliser (B) and a polymer co-stabiliser (C). Disclosed also is a polymer dispersion composition and a method of making paper using the said dispersion.

EFFECT: invention enables to obtain a dispersion of a water-soluble polymer which is characterised by high stability and high content of active substance.

21 cl, 2 tbl, 9 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: film-forming polymer has a salt suspended from its backbone, said salt being formed from (i) a basic group with a first pKa of the conjugate acid of at least 4.0 and (ii) an organic acid with a first pKa of 2.0 or less. Said basic group is covalently bonded to the polymer backbone and is trialkylamine, dialkylamine or a heterocyclic nitrogen base. The organic acid is a sulphonic acid containing an aliphatic, aromatic or aralkyl hydrocarbon group. The method of producing the polymer includes a step of polymerising monomers, wherein some of the monomers are monomer salts obtained from said acid and base. The antifouling composition contains the film-forming polymer and an ingredient having biocidal properties in seawater. Such a composition is used to protect structures immersed in water, such as ship hulls, buoys, drilling platforms, oil production rigs and pipes.

EFFECT: invention increases chemical stability of the composition during storage.

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to use in paint of calcium carbonate which is obtained by dry-grinding in the presence of a grinding aid agent. Said agent is a copolymer containing a) 0.5-50% of at least one anionic monomer selected from acrylic acid, methacrylic acid and mixtures thereof, and b) 50-99.5% of at least one nonionic monomer taken in amount of 0.05-5% of the dry mass of calcium carbonate.

EFFECT: paints containing calcium carbonate obtained using the described method have high viscosity stability with preservation of optical properties of the paints.

7 cl, 3 tbl, 4 ex

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: item is proposed with an abrasion resistant coating, containing a decorative metal substrate and a hardened coating on it, containing inorganic particles, and at the same time the concentration of particles in the area of outer surface of the hardened coating is higher than the concentration of particles in the thickness of hardened coating. There is also a method proposed to produce an abrasion-resistant coating on an electroconductive substrate by the method of electrodeposition.

EFFECT: coating has higher resistance to abrasion, preserved under atmospheric exposure.

27 cl, 1 dwg, 1 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention discloses polymer particles with size between 60 nm and 1000 nm and containing a polymer which contains a hydrophobic backbone chain formed by at least one segment which absorbs near-infrared radiation, bonded with chloroform which absorbs near-infrared radiation, having an absorption peak between 700 and 1100 nm; and at least one segment which is transparent for near-infrared radiation. The invention also discloses a method of producing said particles, a coating composition containing said polymer particles and a reactive iodonium oligomer, as well as a negative lithographic offset printing plate which contains a substrate, a hydrophilic bottom layer and a laser-developed top layer, where the laser-developed top layer contains said polymer particles.

EFFECT: disclosed particles enable to obtain coatings which ensure sufficient runability and machine developability of negative lithographic offset printing plates.

32 cl, 35 dwg, 4 tbl, 23 ex

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