Method of processing hatching poultry eggs

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of poultry industry and is intended for sanation of poultry hatching eggs. The method comprises processing the egg surface with aqueous solution of preparation based on milk whey with lactulose and quaternary ammonium compound trimethyloctadecyl ammonium bromide. As the aqueous solution of the preparation based on milk whey with lactulose and quaternary ammonium compound trimethyloctadecyl ammonium bromide 0.1-0.2% aqueous solution of the preparation is used, taken in equal proportions and diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10. Hatching eggs are processed 2-4 hours prior to their laying for incubation.

EFFECT: use of claimed method enables to carry out effectively sanation of poultry hatching eggs.

1 tbl, 1 ex

 

The technical field to which the invention relates.

The invention relates to industrial poultry and can be used for rehabilitation of infectious diseases hatching eggs poultry.

The level of technology

A method of processing eggs high temperatures (A.S. USSR №1706494, AK 43/00, 1989), a method of processing minichannel water with medications (A.S. USSR №1780667 AND K 41/00, 1990), the way laser light handling eggs (A.S. USSR №1780668, AK 45/00, 1990), the way preincubation disinfection of eggs and incubators preparation of surface-active actions ATM (patent No. 2099939, AK 43/00, 1997) and others.

Also there is a method of disinfection of eggs before incubation, which as disinfectants use 1-3%) solutions containing composition 4-substituted ammonium compounds with salts of phosphate and sodium carbonate. Processing of eggs carried out within 2-4 minutes by immersion in a solution of the composition, heated to 40°C. Eggs after immersion removed, dried and put for incubation (A.S. USSR №900830, AK 43/00, 1982).

The most widespread way of handling hatching eggs pairs of formaldehyde (the Prototype. Veterinary legislation v.4, M., 1988, s-415). The method involves 6x the processing of eggs before incubation and within her.

The disadvantages of the known methods I have are the duration of the disinfection process, the need for the use of heated solutions to a certain temperature, which is a health risk, the presence of additional tanks for bathing eggs or trays with eggs that create sanitary nuisance in the hatchery.

Multiple and uncontrolled fumigation with formaldehyde leads to pathological changes of internal organs of the embryo and the increased mortality of embryos in the second half of incubation. The use of vapors of formaldehyde has an adverse effect on personnel, at which it causes allergic reactions, increases the number of respiratory diseases and is carcinogenic to humans, animals and birds.

Disclosure of inventions

The task of the invention is to develop a method of producing an environmentally safe and cheap antiseptic possessing prolonged bactericidal effect, and the use of funds for sanitation facilities zootechnical supervision in the hatchery.

The technical result is reduced to the security and obtain cheaper funds.

The technical result is achieved by using the processing method of hatching eggs of birds, including the treatment of their surface with an aqueous solution of the drug on the basis of whey with lactulose and Quaternary Ammon is avago connection trimethylacetyl ammonium bromide, the aqueous solution of the drug on the basis of whey with lactulose and Quaternary ammonium compounds trimethylacetyl ammonium bromide use 0.1 to 0.2%aqueous solution of the drug, taken in equal proportions and diluted in water in a ratio of 1:10, which handles the hatching eggs for 2-4 hours to bookmark them for incubation.

The method of processing of hatching eggs poultry is as follows.

Before processing of hatching eggs carry out reorganization of the internal walls of the incubation cabinets by means of a single spray antiseptic Bactericide (see Nikolaenko VP Antiseptic bactericide for poultry/veterinary, 2004, №3, p.34-46), then treated trays, carts, and the surface of hatching eggs preparation containing 0.1 to 0.2%aqueous solution of the drug, including taken in equal proportions and diluted in water in a ratio of 1:10 whey, lactulose, Quaternary ammonium compound trimethylacetyl ammonium bromide, water - the rest, after which the objects disinfection is formed of a thin polymer a protective film which protects the eggs against the penetration of germs during the entire incubation period, and also disinfects the surface of shell eggs from agents of escherichiosis, salmonellosis, mycoplasmosis, p is pococks, Pseudomonas, candidatesa and Staphylococcus for the entire period of incubation.

The product is a light yellow liquid, containing highly concentrated salt chetyrehjadernogo ammonium in bromoform-trimethylacetyl ammonium bromide and the whey with lactulose, taken in equal proportions and diluted in water in a ratio of 1:10.

The drug is highly soluble in alcohol, hot water 50-60°C, has no irritating skin-resorptive and allergic action, non-toxic, no sharp odor, non-corrosive metal hardware has a prolonged bactericidal, virucidal and fungicidal action within one month, under the conditions of the hatchery, which distinguishes it from other products not possessing prolonged bactericidal effect and is used in the form of water-alcohol solutions with the addition of toxic aldehydes, chlorine or phenol.

The drug has a strong bactericidal action against gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms. It is found to be prolonged bactericidal, virucidal and fungicidal effect during the entire period of incubation, due to the formation on the treated surface of the thin polymer film serving as a barrier to microorganisms and providing bacter cydnee action during the entire incubation period of the eggs.

The implementation of the invention

An example of the method of processing of hatching eggs poultry.

For processing of hatching eggs poultry were selected three parties on 10 thousand eggs each, which were placed in trays and carts.

The first batch of eggs together with the trays and trolleys process once wet in 0.1%aqueous solution of the drug on the basis of whey with lactulose and Quaternary ammonium compounds trimethylacetyl ammonium bromide, taken in equal proportions and diluted in water in a ratio of 1:10, the aqueous solution of the drug on the basis of whey with lactulose and Quaternary ammonium compounds trimethylacetyl ammonium bromide is used by 0.1%aqueous solution of the drug, which handles the hatching eggs for 2-4 hours to bookmark them for incubation.

The second batch of eggs treated with 0.2%solution of the drug, including the processing of their surface with an aqueous solution of the drug on the basis of whey with lactulose and Quaternary ammonium compounds trimethylacetyl ammonium bromide, taken in equal proportions and diluted in water in a ratio of 1:10, the aqueous solution of the drug on the basis of whey with lactulose and Quaternary ammonium compounds trimethylacetyl ammonium is romid use of 0.2%aqueous solution of the drug, which process hatching eggs for 2-4 hours to bookmark them for incubation.

Irrigation of the eggs is carried out using an import sprayer. After two or three hours after treatment of hatching eggs, placed in trays in the cart, placed in incubators, pre-treated with 0.2%solution of the Biocide.

The third batch of eggs (control) six-treated pairs of formaldehyde: 1 - 2 h after the demolition, 2nd - after sorting eggs in the warehouse, 3rd - after sorting in the hatchery, 4th - 6 hours after the beginning of incubation, 5th - before transfer to the output, 6 - pin cabinets. Incubators and technological equipment to process pairs of formaldehyde.

Bacteriological control swabs shell inkubiruemykh eggs is carried out before treatment, then through 7 and 18 days after the start of incubation, E. coli, Staphylococcus and Salmonella. The output of hatching eggs and bacteriological examination of swabs from the surface of the shell eggs are presented in the table.

Table
The study periodOnce processing of hatching eggs of 0.1-0.2% solution of the drug (experience)Six rehabilitation of I the t pairs of formaldehyde (control)
0,1%0,2%
Before processingE. coli in 5 samples, Salmonella in the 1st test, Staphylococcus aureus in 2 samples.E. coli in 4 samples, Salmonella in the 1st test, the staphylococci in the 1st test.E. coli in 6 samples, Salmonella in 3 samples, Staphylococcus in the 1st sample
After treatment in 7 daysThe bacterial infection is not selectedThe bacterial infection is not selectedE. coli in 3 samples, Salmonella in the 1st test, the staphylococci in the 1st sample
After processing through 18 days--E. coli in 4 samples, Salmonella in 2 samples, Staphylococcus in the 1st sample
The output of young birds, %93,993,889,2
The safety of the young 20-day cultivation, %98,598,4 for 95.2

After a single sanitation of hatching eggs poultry 0.1 to 0.2%solution of the drug to the surface of shell eggs was decontaminated from the bacterial infection, while in the control with 6-fold disinfection of eggs pairs of formaldehyde for bacterial infections were identified throughout the incubation.

Conclusion the young birds in an experimental batch was 4.6-4.7% higher than in the control, and the safety of the young up to 20 days of age was also higher at 3.2-3.3 percent. Economic efficiency 1 million preincubating eggs is more than 400 thousand rubles.

The processing method of hatching eggs of birds, including the treatment of their surface with an aqueous solution of the drug on the basis of whey with lactulose and Quaternary ammonium compounds trimethylacetyl ammonium bromide, characterized in that an aqueous solution of the drug on the basis of whey with lactulose and Quaternary ammonium compounds trimethylacetyl ammonium bromide use 0.1 to 0.2%aqueous solution of the drug, taken in equal proportions and diluted in water in a ratio of 1:10, which is then treated hatching eggs for 2-4 hours to bookmark them for incubation.



 

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