Method of construction and assembly of wooden houses, buildings, structures made of wooden units, wooden unit for its implementation and building made of wooden unit

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: crowns are set, walls made of wooden units are mounted and roof is installed in the method of construction and assembly of wooden houses, buildings, structures. Binding is mounted preliminary, the upper and lower rims are connected with vertical racks to form the frame, besides the vertical racks, walls and roof are made from wooden units designed in the form of three boards of the same size, connected in such a manner that they form tenon and groove by length and width. Wooden units of upper and lower rims during the assembly are oriented so that the tenons of wooden units of vertical racks enter into the grooves of wooden units of rims, wall installation is carried out by filling the frame with wooden units, inserting the tenon of each subsequent wooden unit into the groove of the previous wooden unit.

EFFECT: increase of productivity by simplifying the technology of construction and assembly of structure while ensuring high ecological compatibility and comfort of the constructed building.

2 cl, 10 dwg

 

The present invention relates to the field of construction and can be used in the erection of prefabricated low-rise buildings.

Known wall element for wooden buildings, the method of manufacture and method of erection of wooden buildings with such elements (patent RF №2144113, MPK-7 EV 1/10, publ. 10.01.2000,). The method of construction of buildings on the patent of Russian Federation №2144113 is that made on the Foundation set lower crown, which is mounted outside and inside walls of the wooden blocks, then set the average crown, which is similarly mounted wall next floor, and they fix the upper crown and install the roof.

Wall element for wooden buildings on the patent of Russian Federation №2144113 has several wooden components of equal length, fastened side by side to the transverse elements laths inside wooden components located near their mutually flush trailing edges. The edges of the opposite sides of the wooden elements are made with the cooperating engagement elements, the engagement elements between two adjacent wooden components form a labyrinth seal at least two series-connected cavities. Labyrinth forms a seal against the outer side of the component discharge slit to remove the water, going from p is lost to reduce pressure, which is most closely located to the specified external side.

The disadvantages of drawable and method according to the patent of Russian Federation №2144113 are the complexity of Assembly of the house because of the complexity of the design of wall elements, the necessity of lifting devices for mounting, limited unification of technological operations.

Closest to the present invention is a method of manufacture and Assembly of wooden houses, buildings, structures of devalokam (RF patent for the invention №2400604, IPC EV 1/10, publ. 27.09.2010), including installation on the Foundation of lower crown, which is mounted outside and inside walls of devalokam. On the walls reinforce the upper crown and install the roof.

The disadvantage of this method is the complexity of its manufacture and Assembly, due to the need of using different materials for different parts of the building. For example, the mounting of the lower crown of the building is carried out on the beam, in which the profile of the ridge, similar to the slot of drawable walls. Ie uses a different material - timber, requiring additional processing.

The technical problem solved by the invention is to improve performance by simplifying the technology of manufacture and Assembly of the structure, ensuring high quality and comfort built zda the Oia.

The problem is solved in that in the method of manufacture and Assembly of wooden houses, buildings, structures of devalokam, as in the prototype, set the crowns, wall mount from devalokam, and install the roof. However, unlike the prototype, pre-install the harness, the upper and lower crowns connect the vertical posts to form the frame, with vertical racks, walls and roof are made of devalokam made in the form of three boards of the same size, connected in such a way that in both length and width to form a tongue and groove, dreamlike upper and lower crowns when the Assembly is oriented so that the spikes devalokam vertical rack into the slots of devalokam crowns, wall installation is carried out by filling the frame with drawablebase by inserting the tenon of each subsequent drawable in the groove of the previous drawable.

Installation of all elements of the building from the same devalokam provides easy Assembly by reducing operations and does not require additional processing of building elements. In this case, all elements of the building will be finished with virtually no gaps that will provide high thermal insulation performance without additional insulation, and in some cases will not be required and interior trim. This provides substantially the th increase productivity while ensuring the ecological and quality constructed buildings.

It is reasonable floor and ceiling also be mounted from devalokam by inserting the tenon of each subsequent drawable in the groove of the previous drawable, fixing drawable floor in the frame and each other, and the ceiling on the frame and each other.

This will allow for even greater performance. Moreover, the floor of such design being built at one time, without editing the sub-floor.

The overlap is advisable to use as a ceiling.

The invention is illustrated by illustrations, in which figure 1 presents the framework of the building; figure 2 and figure 3, drawable; figure 4 - building wall in section; figure 5 - floor building in section; figure 6 - connection of a building; 7 - floor building, mounted on the harness; Fig - rafter system classic gable roof; figure 9 is installed on the frame overlap; figure 10 is a General view of the building.

Drawable includes boards 1, 2 and 3, connected together with a shift in such a way that they form a tenon 4 and the groove 5 in length and spike 6 and the groove 7 in width.

The building is made of devalokam wall 8, the overlap 9, floor 10, the roof 11, the harness 12, top 13 and bottom 14 crowns, United serially fitted vertical posts 15. Spikes 4 devalokam uprights 14 are installed in the slots 7 of the top 13 and bottom 14 of the crowns, the walls 8, a floor 10 and a ceiling (not shown) made by C is filled frame drawablebase the same size by inserting the cleat 6 each subsequent drawable in the groove 7 of the previous one.

The proposed method is implemented as follows.

Make drawable in the form of boards 1, 2, 3 equal size, connected together such that the length and width of the form spikes 4, 6 and grooves 5, 7. Used boards are plain sawn wood of various breeds available and common in the production and construction of sizes, with a width of 10-20 cm, thickness 2.5-6 cm, length of 3.6 meters. For example, drawable for racks can be made from boards with a length of 270 cm, wall - 100 cm and/or 150 cm for the floor - 350 cm for ceiling - 400 see the thickness and width of the boards are the same. The Board is easily dried at atmospheric drying in the wind within 1-3 months, which does not significantly affect the increase in the cost of the blanks, and ultimately to the cost of the house, as is the case for the use of industrial dryers, which increases the cost of the final product.

Change the thickness of the lumber affect the change necessary parameters of the house, as the thickness of the walls, floor and other

In such parts of the house, as a gable, roof sheathing and the like, there is no need to apply the same thickness lumber for the main parts of the house, so they can be manufactured from cheaper lumber, for example, from boards.

From devalokam mount harness 12, top 13 and bottom 14 crowns and vertical posts 15. Collect the car the AC building what dreamlike top 13 and bottom 14 of the crowns when the Assembly is oriented so that the spikes 4 devalokam uprights 15 into the slots 7 devalokam rims 13 and 14. Set the frame on the harness 12, which in turn serves as a load bearing beams for the floor 10. Mount of devalokam wall 8 by filling the frame with drawablebase by inserting the tenon 6 each subsequent drawable in the groove 7 of the previous drawable. Then mount the roof 11.

Floor 10 and a ceiling (not shown) also can be mounted by filling the frame with devalokam, as with the installation of the walls 8. This ceiling can serve as the overlap 9.

Separate drawable floor 10, the ceiling and walls 8 are fixed in the frame and with each other. Drawable overlap 9 is fixed between them and the frame.

The proposed system design framework and filling his devalokam provides the use of the most common in the woodworking industry standard lumber.

The connection and bond boards in devaloka and all elements of the building can be performed, for example, by screws. The use of screws will provide a strong construction, and simple and quick Assembly, and, if necessary, dismantling of the house.

All the main parts of the house, harness, frame house, modules, walls and floor slabs, roof truss roof system, perform the descendants of the same on 90% of the thickness and width of the lumber, what determines the adaptability of the production of billets and the construction of the house.

The installation of the floor of devalokam has tangible benefits. Due to the fact that there is no need for additional insulation, and are not used insulation materials such as mineral wool, foam, and the like, the floor more durable, much stronger and more reliable. There is no disease of wooden floors - squeak when you walk. Eliminates the possibility of over time through cracks, reducing the conductivity of the floor over the years. Greater expenditure of lumber than conventional methods, is compensated by the ease of Assembly, and cost almost nothing to increase the cost, and the application of the same blanks as all around the house retains the technological integrity of the production and construction of the house. The same advantages and the overlap of devalokam.

The proposed building you can apply different designs of shed roofs, gable, attic, etc. that are assembled from standardized blanks and conveniently joined to overlap.

All elements of the building frame, walls, floors, slabs and roof truss system made of lumber pre-dried wood. Due to this and frame system eliminates the main drawback of wooden structures - shrinkage, in the period which it is impossible to finishing.

Due to the relative ease of the whole structure for the construction of the building, you can use lightweight types of Foundation. On the one hand, simplifies the construction process and reduces the time of construction, and on the other, significantly reduces the cost of the project. You can use sand and gravel Foundation, as the most simple and cheap.

The structure is assembled from pre-prepared standardized parts of certain sizes, which is essentially the constructor. This fact allows to use when assembling work even with low skills and no work experience in construction. The production process is easy to separate from the editing process, all the elements of the house is easy to fold and delivered to the site of the proposed Assembly.

With the standard design elements and use of common types of timber is achieved a reduction of working operations, as in the manufacture of the elements themselves, and when they are installed.

With such a design of a frame house can easily change the location of the racks, and accordingly can be easily changed location of doors and Windows.

The design provides the possibility of building a house in 1 to 3 floors. Roof covering any possible available roofing materials: slate, metal, Onduline and d In the manufacture of the parts of the house, and the Assembly can be used in almost basically just miter saw and screwdriver.

1. The method of manufacture and Assembly of wooden houses, buildings, structures of devalokam, namely, that set crowns, wall mount from devalokam and install the roof, wherein the pre-set harness, upper and lower crowns connect the vertical posts to form the frame, with vertical racks, walls and roof are made of devalokam made in the form of three boards of the same size, connected in such a way that in both length and width to form a tongue and groove, dreamlike upper and lower crowns when the Assembly is oriented so that the spikes devalokam uprights included in the slots of devalokam crowns, wall installation is carried out by filling the frame with drawablebase by inserting the tenon of each subsequent drawable in the groove of the previous drawable.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the mount floor and ceiling of devalokam by inserting the tenon of each subsequent drawable in the groove of the previous drawable, and dreamlike floor attached to the frame and to each other, and the ceiling on the frame and each other.



 

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