Method of obtaining preparation, possessing hepatoprotective action
FIELD: medicine, pharmaceutics.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the pharmaceutical industry, namely to a method of obtaining a preparation, possessing a hepatoprotective action. The method of obtaining the preparation, possessing the hepatoprotective action consists in extraction of crushed corn styles with stigmas with ethyl alcohol by a method of multi-step countercurrent extraction with completed cycle in a battery of 5 diffusers, a waste raw material is additionally extracted in 4 and 5 diffusers with an applied extractant, after which it is poured out and passed through 5 diffuser, and kept for a specified time; then, the waste raw material is pressed, the combined extract is settled, the purified extract is condensed under vacuum, dried in a vacuum oven until the dry extract is obtained and crushed under specified conditions.
EFFECT: method is effective for obtaining a stable preparation with the expressed hepatoprotective action.
The invention relates to the field of pharmacy and may be used to obtain funds, have hepatoprotective action.
An important component of complex therapy of patients with diseases of the hepatobiliary system are hepatoprotectors, which aims to normalize the metabolism, functions and structure of the liver parenchyma. Currently, for the treatment of the aforementioned diseases along with such synthetic drugs as "Heptral and preparations containing essential phospholipids ("Essentiale", "Phosphogliv"), are widely used preparations from plant materials ("Legalon", "Kars", "Liv-52"), based on the mechanism of action of which is an antioxidant and choleretic activity (Matveev A.V., konyayeva H., Kurchenko VP, schekatikhin A.S. Hepatoprotective properties of silymarin // Exp. The wedge. Gastroenterol. 2011. No. 2. S-135). Based on the above and the fact that most plant hepatoprotectors are products of foreign manufacture, the development of new drugs of plant origin for the treatment and prevention of liver disease on the basis of raw materials grown on the territory of Russia, is one of the urgent tasks of pharmacy and medicine.
A method of obtaining funds have hepatoprotective action is the Viy, namely, polyoxyphenylene (flavolignans) by extraction of the fruits of milk Thistle with ethyl alcohol 80% twice within 2-3 h at 35-37°C with subsequent evaporation, treatment with ethyl alcohol 50%, degreasing carbon tetrachloride, extraction of biologically active substances (BAS) chloroform - alcohol mixture, evaporation, dissolution in ethyl alcohol, concentration, drying, and grinding (Patent No. 2038091).
The disadvantages of this method are multi-stage and, as a consequence, the complexity, and the use in the manufacturing process of toxic solvents.
The closest achieved technical result (prototype) is a method of obtaining funds have hepatoprotective action, namely, corn silk extract liquid, the main indications for use are cholecystitis, cholangitis, hepatitis delayed bile secretion (Mashkovsky PPM Medicines. 15th ed., Rev., Corr. and supplementary M: LLC "Publishing house New Wave", 2005. 1200 from: ill.), consisting in the extraction of corn columns with stigmas with ethyl alcohol 70% vacuum-filtration method with preliminary milling of raw materials (Nikiforova E.B. Improvement of technology, standardization of liquid extract and receiving vidaextra.com phytocomplex in terms of Mal is othonoi processing corn silk: author. dis. Kida. formats. Sciences. Pyatigorsk, 2007. 24).
The disadvantages of this method are:
- lack of process stage removal maindifference for the body of the extractant (ethyl alcohol 70%);
- inability to obtain a dry, free-flowing, stable product that can be used in the production of other dosage forms such as capsules, tablets.
The technical result of the claimed invention is the expansion of the range of plant hepatic and creating a more stable form of the extraction of the drug (dry extract), hepatoprotective actions of columns with stigmas of maize, which contains no pharmacologically maindifference solvent (ethyl alcohol) and convenient for subsequent fabrication based metered-dose oral solid dosage forms.
The technical result is achieved by the fact that the columns with stigmas of maize by izmelchennostju 3-5 mm is extracted with ethyl alcohol 60% at room temperature and the ratio of raw material: extractant - 1:5.5 method of multistage countercurrent extraction with a complete cycle of the battery 5 diffusers at the time of extraction at each stage of extraction 4 hours, additionally extracted the spent raw materials 4 and 5 the diffusers used by the extractant, etc the time of extraction 4 diffuser for 4 hours, then drained and passed through 5 diffuser, soaking for 16 hours, then wring out the waste of raw materials, then the combined extract advocate for at least 3 days at a temperature of 2-10°C, the purified extract concentrated under vacuum at 40-50°C, dried in a vacuum oven at 40-50°C to obtain dry extract and crushed.
The authors suggest a way to get funds that have hepatoprotective effect, to expand the range of drugs hepatoprotective activity and create a more technologically advanced form of extraction of the drug (dry extract) from this raw material.
The method is as follows.
The method is illustrated figure 1-14.
Figure 1. presents the dependence of the content of biologically active substances in the columns with stigmas of maize (from the period of procurement of raw materials, where- average value;- confidence interval.
On figa illustrated diagram exhaustion of raw materials with various additives on flavonoids (% of equilibrium content) from time of extraction, where S is the depletion of raw materials in percentage from the equilibrium content; τ - time extraction in hours.
On figb presents the diagram is slidenote raw materials with various additives on the phenolic acids (% of equilibrium content) from time of extraction, where S is the depletion of raw materials in percentage from the equilibrium content; τ - time extraction in hours.
On figa shows the graphic-analytical calculation of coefficients leaching by flavonoids for raw materials with various additives, where q1- the number of remaining raw materials of flavonoids; q01- the initial content of flavonoids.
On figb presents the graphic-analytical calculation of coefficients washout on phenolic acids for raw materials with various additives, where q2- the number of remaining raw materials of phenolic acids; q02- the initial contents of phenolic acids.
Figure 4 gives the coefficients for leaching columns with stigmas of maize variety of grinding.
Figure 5 is a table for speed free plum extracts.
Figure 6 presents a table according to the bulk mass of columns with stigmas of maize various additives, where
7 is a table on the content of flavonoids, phenolic acids and extractives (%) in the cure of columns with stigmas of maize obtained with the use of ethyl alcohol in various concentrations, where
On Fig presents the dependence of the yield of biologically active and extractives on the concentration of ethyl alcohol in obtaining extracts of corn columns with stigmas dry.
Figure 9 shows theoretical efficiency of extraction columns with stigmas of maize using different extraction methods.
Figure 10 presents the comparative evaluation of the yield of biologically active substances by extracting them from the columns with stigmas of maize in different ways (IPE - multistage countercurrent extraction).
Figure 11 presents the outputs of the flavonoids and phenolic acids (% of content in raw materials) at the stages of the technological process of production of corn extract columns with stigmas dry.
On Fig given table according to the content of biologically active substances in the extract of corn columns with stigmas dry storage, where
On Fig presents data on the impact of corn extract columns with stigmas dry on the activity of liver enzymes in rats (*differences statistically significant at p<0.05), and data are presented as M±M, where M is the mean value, m is the standard error of the mean.
On pig table is presented on the influence of corn extract columns with stigmas dry on the basic biochemical indicators of liver function (*differences statistically significant at p<0.05), and data are presented as M±M, where M is the mean value, m is the standard error of the mean.
Columns with stigmas of maize (Zea Mays L.), family cereals/grasses (Gramminae/Poaceae) are harvested in the period milky-wax ripeness of the corn cobs. The period of procurement chosen on the assumption that the maximum content of main (flavonoids and phenolic acids) and related (polysaccharides and tannins) groups of biologically active substances in the columns with stigmas of maize observed in the stage of milky-wax ripeness of the ears (figure 1). Raw dried air shadow way, Packed in double paper bags and stored in a cool, dry place.
Crushed columns with stigmas of maize to the size of 3-5 mm, the grinding of the selected optimal, because at the specified particle size:
- faster on the SHS will close to the equilibrium state in the system raw material: extractant for flavonoids (compared to unground raw materials) and phenolic acids (in comparison with izmelchennostju 5-10 mm, 10-15 mm, 15-20 mm and unground raw) (figa, 2B);
the higher value of the indicator "washout coefficient (parameter characterizing the period of rapid extraction") (figa, 3B, 4);
is not violated treniruysya properties of raw materials, because the speed of free draining practically does not differ from the similar index of raw materials larger grinding (figure 5);
- raw materials izmelchennostju 3-5 mm has a large bulk mass, which allows maximum use of the volume of the cone (6).
The capacity of the diffuser 100 g columns with stigmas of maize by izmelchennostju 3-5 mm, equal to 640 cm3.
Extracted columns with stigmas of maize with ethyl alcohol 60% at room temperature, because ethyl alcohol is well extracts phenolic compounds, in addition, it prevents the loss of volatile solvent. This concentration of ethyl alcohol provides a greater extraction of flavonoids and phenolic acids compared to ethyl alcohol 40% and 50%, greater extraction of extractives and less consumption of valuable extractant compared with 70% alcohol (Fig.7). In addition, extractive and biologically active substances upon receipt of the extract in ethyl alcohol 60% 15% higher than similar indicator upon receipt of the extract in ethyl alcohol 70% (Fig).
The optimal ratio of phases raw material extractant for columns with stigmas of maize with izmelchennostju 3-5 mm is 1:5,5, because it provides the necessary amount of "mirror" of the extractant (free extractant layer) over the surface of the raw material selected additives.
The extraction process carried out by the method of multi-stage countercurrent extraction with a complete cycle of the battery 5 diffusers. This method is selected on the basis of the calculation of theoretical efficiency of extraction (Ponomarev E Extraction of medicinal raw material. M.: Medicine, 1976, 202 S.) the four most commonly used in the pharmaceutical industry methods of extraction: 2 and 3-speed ramezanali, multistage countercurrent extraction (IPE) with a complete cycle in a battery of 5 or 6 diffusers. The data obtained indicate that the highest yield of biologically active substances can be achieved with 3 speed ramezanali, but it is necessary to use a considerable amount of extractant per 100 g of material, which can further lead to increased energy and economic costs of production, because at the final stage of obtaining a dry extract will need to remove significant amounts of extractant. Theoretical output of BAS when using a multi-stage countercurrent extraction with a complete cycle of the battery 5 diffusers are somewhat lower, but it involves the reduction and the use of extractive agent per 100 g of the raw material is almost 2 times (compared with rematurely) and more concentrated extracts. Increasing the number of diffusers to 6 impractical, since the increase of the yield of biologically active substances is negligible and accounts for 1.3% (Fig.9).
To extract corn columns with stigmas were studied following variants of the above method: extraction in the equilibrium conditions (duration-stage extraction - 4 hours) and in non-equilibrium conditions (duration of stages 3 hours). The extract yield obtained in the equilibrium conditions, flavonoids and phenolic acids by 24% and 12.5%, respectively, higher than the same indicator of the extract obtained in non-equilibrium conditions (figure 10).
In each cone load equal amounts of columns with stigmas corn, chopped 3-5 mm, 5-6 receptions for more dense packing.
In the first diffuser when you open the drain valve fill ethyl alcohol 60% until the first portions, and then the valve cover and add the extractant "before the mirror" (the ratio of raw material: extractant in this and subsequent diffusers is 1:5,5).
Diffuser leave for infusion for 4 hours, after this time they drain extraction, which is directed to the second cone. Missing "to mirror" the amount of extractant in the second diffuser is obtained by passing the required quantity of ethyl alcohol 60% through the first diffuser.
Exposure processing at each step of the extraction was 4 hours (the time of the equilibrium state in the system raw material: extractant) (figa, 2B) or 16 hours (including a one-shift operation of the enterprise), duration of extraction in each diffuser 48 hours and the total duration of 3 days.
To increase the output of BAS (over 66%) used additional extraction of raw materials 4 and 5 diffusers pure extractant, introducing it into 4 diffuser and soaking for 4 hours, then drained and passed through 5 diffuser, soaking for 16 hours, followed by partial extraction of waste materials removal withheld extraction, which is carried out by creating additional load on the upper perforated disk percolator. The implementation of this method in practice confirmed data R. the accounts (figure 10). The flavonoids and phenolic acids increased almost by 20% and amounted to 88% and 85,46%, respectively.
The obtained extract is thoroughly mixed and produced purification by sedimentation at a temperature of 2-10°C for at least 3 days before the formation of a dense precipitate, and then filtered.
The purified extract is condensed under vacuum at 40-50°C, and then dried in a vacuum drying Cabinet at a temperature of 40-50°C to obtain dry extract data regimes prevent the degradation of BAS, as evidenced by the high output flavonoids and phenolic acids at the stage of drying (11) and further stability of the active ingredients of the extract during storage (Fig). The dried mass is crushed.
Conducted research to determine the hepatoprotective activity of the extract of corn columns with stigmas dry in doses of 100 and 200 mg/kg on a model of acute toxic hepatitis caused by the introduction of carbon tetrachloride, 59 white Wistar rats.
In the experiments as the comparison drug was used "Legalon" - officinal plant hepatoprotector, containing as active ingredients the amount flavolignans Thistle, hepatoprotective effect which explain antioxidant activity (inhibition of lipid peroxidation), stimulation of C the importance of protein, the normalization of the exchange of phospholipids (Mashkovsky PPM Medicines. 15th ed., Rev., Corr. and supplementary M: LLC "Publishing house New Wave", 2005. 1200 S.: ill.).
To study the effect of corn extract columns with stigmas dry on the course of acute hepatitis white Wistar rats of both sexes (weighing 150-200 g) were divided into 5 groups of 10-15 animals. The animals were kept in standard vivarium conditions on a standard diet and free access to food and water. Experimental acute hepatitis caused by intragastric administration to rats of 1 ml of 25% oil solution of carbon tetrachloride for 6 days (group of animals No. 2-5), intact animals (group # 1) received peach oil. Hepatoprotective effect of the preparations was studied by oral administration once a day for 21 days in a therapeutic mode, i.e. after the formation of the model of pathology. The first and second groups (intact control animals, respectively) was given via a stomach tube, 0.5 ml of starch paste 2%; the third group - aquioben quantity of starch paste containing corn extract columns with stigmas dry (100 mg/kg); the third corn extract columns with stigmas dry (200 mg/kg); the fourth - drug comparison Legalon (200 mg/kg).
28 day studies were performed blood sampling for determination of indicators is uncle liver - glucose, total bilirubin, urea, triglycerides, albumin, total cholesterol, enzymes: alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (ACT), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) and alkaline phosphatase (apase).
The resulting experiment data were subjected to statistical analysis. Data are presented as M±M, where M is the mean value, m is the standard error of the mean. The samples according to the law of normal distribution was assessed by the criterion Shapiro-Wilke. To test statistical hypotheses about the difference between the study groups in the case of abnormal distribution used nonparametric test Mann-Whitney, in the case of normal distribution - parametric criterion of student. Changes of biochemical parameters of blood of the animals of the control group was assessed by comparison with the same indicators in intact animals; group receiving the experimental drug in different doses and medication comparison to the control animals.
Intoxication by carbon tetrachloride was accompanied by hyperferritinemia, indicating the destruction of the hepatocytes and the development of cholestasis (Fig). In the treated group, corn extract columns with stigmas dry in the dosage of 100 mg/kg, there was a statistically significant reduction in the activity of ALT, GGT and alkaline phosphatase, comparable to prep ratom comparison. Activity ACT in the serum of animals treated with the extract of corn columns with stigmas in lower doses, compared with the figure of the control animals was decreased, however, statistically significant differences were found. The use of the extract in higher dosage (200 mg/kg) did not lead to a statistically significant decrease in ALT activity, ACT and alkaline phosphatase compared with the control group and was accompanied by an even greater increase in the activity of GGT, which, presumably, may be associated with higher Pro-oxidant activity.
The introduction of carbon tetrachloride was characterized by disorders of all kinds of currency and was accompanied by an increase in the serum of control animals cholesterol, triglycerides, urea and bilirubin, as well as reduced concentrations of glucose and albumin (Fig). Administration to rats of corn extract columns with stigmas in the dosage of 100 mg/kg resulted in reduced levels of cholesterol, triglycerides and urea in blood plasma compared to the control group. In rats treated with the extract of corn columns with stigmas dry in the dosage of 200 mg/kg, was partially restored glucose level. In all cases, the effect of the experimental drug was comparable or exceeded the effect of legalon.
The introduction of corn extract columns with stigmas dry what about the almost no effect on the levels of albumin and bilirubin, however, recovery of these indicators were not observed in the group of animals treated with the drug comparison.
Thus, the results of the experiments revealed that the introduction of experimental animals with corn extract columns with stigmas dry in the dosage of 100 mg/kg accompanied by a decrease giperfermentemii and restoration of the main indicators of lipid and carbohydrate metabolism and the synthesis of urea.
An example implementation of the method
250 g columns with stigmas of maize harvested in the period milky-wax ripeness of the corn cobs in late August and dried air shadow way, is crushed to a particle size of 3-5 mm, load equally 50 g five diffusers 5-6 receptions for more dense packing. Ethyl alcohol 60% in the number 1375 ml portions 275 ml fill in 5 receptions in 1 diffuser. The extraction is carried out at 15-25°C according to the countercurrent principle, in which the extract obtained from 2 of the diffuser goes to 3 and from 3 to 4 and so on, the Exposure processing is 4 or 16 hours. The finished extract obtained from 5 of the diffuser in five receptions. Then spend additional extraction of raw materials 4 and 5 diffusers pure extractant (150 ml), introducing it into 4 diffuser and soaking for 4 hours, then passed through 5 diffuser, maintaining 4 hours, with subsequent partial the wringer waste of raw materials by creating additional load on the upper perforated disk diffuser removal withheld retrieval. The total recovery of approximately 1000 ml.
The obtained extraction defend at a temperature of 8°C for 3 days, then filtered, concentrated under vacuum at 40-50°C, dried in a vacuum drying Cabinet at a temperature of 40-50°C to obtain dry extract and crushed.
The extract obtained is a granular hygroscopic powder from light brown to dark brown color, a distinctive smell, sweet taste, sparingly soluble in water, very slightly soluble in ethyl alcohol 60% and 95%.
The content of total flavonoids in the extract is 1,71±0,03%, phenolic acids - to 4.81±0,15%, the loss in weight during drying of 3.46±0,15%.
The inventive method of receiving means having a hepatoprotective effect, has the following advantages over known: lack of end product maindifference for the body of the extractant (ethyl alcohol) and create a more stable form of the extraction of the drug (dry extract) for further use in the production of other technologically more advanced dosage forms. Identified in a model of acute toxic hepatitis activity allows you to create a drug hepatoprotective actions for use in therapy, in particular, in gastroenterology.
The method of obtaining funds, budushego hepatoprotective action by extraction columns with stigmas of maize with ethyl alcohol 60%, wherein the chopped 3-5 mm raw material is extracted at room temperature in the ratio of raw material: extractant - 1:5.5 method of multistage countercurrent extraction with a complete cycle of the battery 5 diffusers at the time of extraction at each stage of extraction 4 hours, additionally extracted the spent raw materials 4 and 5 the diffusers used by the extractant, at the time of extraction 4 diffuser for 4 hours, then drained and passed through 5 diffuser, soaking for 16 hours, then wring out the waste of raw materials, then the combined extract defend for at least 3 days at a temperature of 2-10°C, the purified extract concentrated under vacuum at 40-50°C, dried in a vacuum oven at 40-50°C to obtain dry extract and crushed.
SUBSTANCE: method for separate isolation of tanning substances and flavonoids from medicinal plant material involves first extracting the material with purified water in defined conditions. The obtained extract, which contains tanning substances, is drained. Extraction of the treated material is carried out with new portion of water in defined conditions to obtain an extract which contains flavonoids.
EFFECT: method enables to isolate tanning substances from plant material with negligible extraction of flavonoids and then isolate the flavonoids, thereby increasing extraction thereof into water compared to the natural process.
SUBSTANCE: complex of biologically active substances for treating and preventing cardiovascular diseases, recovered from sea urchin gonads Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis free from ballast substances, prepared by extraction of the purified gonads in 95% ethanol under certain conditions, separation of a dry ethanolic extract and drying. An agent for treating and preventing cardiovascular diseases containing the complex of biologically active substances.
EFFECT: complex and agent are effective in treating and preventing cardiovascular diseases.
4 cl, 1 dwg, 4 tbl, 11 ex
SUBSTANCE: agent possessing antineoplastic and immunomodulatory action, representing a dry extract of drug hedge hyssop leaves and blossom, prepared by their milling, extracting in alcohol on a water bath until boils, and boiling, distillation, dilution of the distilled residue with distilled water first, adding chloroform, cooling to room temperature and centrifuging with separating a water fraction and drying under certain conditions.
EFFECT: prepared agent possesses high antineoplastic action, decreases the growth and development of the tumour, destroys the cancer cells, as well as increases a lymphocyte percentage that testifies to the immunopotentiating action.
3 dwg, 3 tbl
SUBSTANCE: method for preparing a dry extract possessing an anti-opisthorchiasis action involving three extractions of the milled elevated portion of Centaurea plants of the family Asteraceae in ethanol; the extracts are combined and de-ethanolised; condensed residues are evaporated to dryness under certain conditions. Using the dry extract as the agent having the anti-opisthorchiasis action.
EFFECT: agent possesses the manifested anti-opisthorchiasis action.
2 cl, 7 tbl, 23 ex
SUBSTANCE: essence of method consists in the following: method of allapininum manufacturing includes crushing plant raw material - rhizomes with roots of northern wolfsbane or rhizomes and roots of Aconitum leucostomum, obtaining technical allapininum, for which purpose four-fold extraction of alkaloids from the raw material is performed with application of ethyl alcohol on the battery from three extractors with obtaining water-alcohol extracts and application of first extract from each charge of each extractor for evaporation, and second, third and fourth extracts of each charge as extractant for first, second and third extractions of next charges, fourth extraction of which is performed with alcohol, evaporation under vacuum of first water-alcohol extraction and purification of obtained in this process bottom residue from ballast substances with ethylacetate, with acidification of water extract, saturated with ethyacetate, water solution of hydrobromic acid and multiple extraction with chloroform with control of medium pH, which must not exceed values 1.5-2, evaporation of chloroform extracts under vacuum and displacement of chloroform with ethyl alcohol with obtaining suspension of allapininum, which is filtered, washed with ethyl alcohol and dried, with further analysis. Preferably, allapininum is analysed for correspondence to requirements of pharmacopoeial monograph of enterprise and in case of non-correspondence is considered technical and is supplied to manufacturing allapininum of pharmacopoeial quality, for which purpose technocal allapininum is dissolved in methanol-poison and recrystallised with multiple heating and cooling and with addition of aluminium oxide and active clarifying carbon, filtered, washed with methanol-poison, acetone and dried with obtaining allapininum of pharmacopoeial quality.
EFFECT: inventions make it possible to reduce duration of production process by 30%, reduce loss of raw material, production wastes and labour consumption, increase power of technological scheme, increase product output, increase product quality, prevent formation of finely disperse hard layered emulsion on the boundary of separation of chloroform-water phases, which increases rate of emulsion layering and accelerates process of phase separation in case of liquid-phase extraction.
10 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device for production of aqueous extract from plant material comprises a hopper for raw material, with double bottom, an auger, tubes of hot water supply, loading and unloading hatches. The upper bottom of the hopper for raw material is made in the form of a cylindrical chute with a perforated surface. The auger is mounted in the chute with the ability to rotate, it is made in the form of a screw plate spring and is connected to the gear by a cam mechanism providing its compression and decompression. The cylindrical chute is provided with steam pipes mounted on the outer side below its horizontal axis and supplying steam into the inner cavity of the chute through direct flow valves.
EFFECT: intensification of the process of production of concentrated aqueous extract of plant material.
FIELD: medicine, pharmaceutics.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to pharmaceutical industry, namely to a method for preparing a saponin-containing extract. The method for preparing the saponin-containing extract containing pre-soaking of Saponaria officialis L. roots in distilled water, ultrasonic extraction, filtration in the specific environment.
EFFECT: method provides higher quality of the end product and reducing a time for preparing the saponin-containing extract from Saponaria officinalis L.
FIELD: medicine, pharmaceutics.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to pharmaceutical, food and cosmetic industry and concerns preparing a cake shelf fungus extract. The method for preparing the cake shelf fungus extract involving freezing cake shelf fungus, wetting it with a water solution containing dimethyl sulphoxide and sodium hydroxide, with a solution temperature being 50-90°C, and keeping at the above temperature for 1-2 hours.
EFFECT: method described above enables preparing the high-yield extract having high antioxidant activity.
FIELD: medicine, pharmaceutics.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to pharmaceutical industry, namely an agent having hypoglycemic and anti-inflammatory activity. The agent having hypoglycemic and anti-inflammatory activity is prepared by extraction of a herbal material consisting of a mixture of ground common burdock roots and rhizomes; common dandelion roots; horseheal roots and rhizomes; bean shoots; bilberry shoots; cinquefoil shoots and common nettle leaves in 40% ethanol in the certain environment; the combined extracts are filtered, evaporated, purified by separation, dried and ground.
EFFECT: agent possesses the manifested hypoglycemic and anti-inflammatory activity.
10 tbl, 3 ex
FIELD: medicine, pharmaceutics.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to pharmaceutical industry, namely an agent possessing anticoagulant activity. A method for preparing a dry fucus extract possessing anticoagulant action by the complex treatment of Fucus vesiculosus. The dry fucus extract possessing anticoagulant activity representing a polysaccharide complex containing fucoidan having the following composition: neutral monosaccharides - fucose, xylose, mannose, galacose, glucose, uronic acid; as well as polyphenols and sulphates in specific amount. The anticoagulant ointment containing the dry fucus extract.
EFFECT: agents described above possess pronounced anticoagulant action.
4 cl, 4 ex
FIELD: veterinary medicine.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises administering to the animals in the supine position, in addition to the general course of treatment during 5-7 days of 0.5% novocaine solution, depending on the age at a dose of 1.0-2.0 ml per kg of live body weight with adding 1.0 g of cefazolin in the region of the round ligament of the liver, the administration of novocaine solution with cefazolin. The injections are carried out in a cat in the supine position, at the point at 4.8-5.2 cm cranial to the umbilicus along the sagittal line of the abdomen in the dorsal direction. The puncture is made with the needle to the depth of 0.9-1.1 cm to the feeling of characteristic falling of the needle under the aponeurosis of the rectus abdominis muscle. The preparation solution is administered under pressure.
EFFECT: method is simple to use and highly effective for the treatment of acute hepatosis in cats.
2 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention may be used for prevention of intrahepatic portal hypertension (IPH) in residual tissue of liver in patiens after hepatectomy (HE) of the different volume. That is ensured by an ultrasonography to determine a spleen area to be taken as an original size with underlying standard postoperative therapy in the first postoperative hours. Serotonine adipinate is administered intravenously drop-by-drop in a dose of 5-10 mg an hour with a spleen size monitored periodically. Administering the preparation is terminated if observing a decrease of the spleen area by not less than 10% of the original size.
EFFECT: improved blood circulation in the residual tissue of the liver, prevented IPH decreasing thereby a mortality of the given group of patients.
2 ex, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: method involves a dietary therapy, taking mineral water in an amount of 100-150 ml, 3 times a day and exposure to a physical factor. What is used is the Pevzner's diet No. 5. Karachinskaya chloride-hydrocarbonate sodium gas-free mineral water of total mineralisation up to 3 g/dm3, at a temperature of 38-40°C is taken 30-40 minutes before a meal. The physical factor represents a magnetic laser therapy and an EHF therapy. The contact magnetic laser therapy covers three zones sequentially at a frequency of 5 Hz: an epigastric zone and the right and left upper hypochondria along the midclavicular lines, for 4 minutes for each zone within the course of 10 procedures. The EHF therapy involves combined exposure on two projection zones: in the right hypochondrium and on the sternum generated by a broadband noise emitter at an emission frequency of 40-63 GHz, for 20 minutes, every day within the course of 10 procedures.
EFFECT: method provides more effective rehabilitation treatment following endoscopic cholecystectomy ensured by the early integrated therapeutic exposure.
2 ex, 4 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely gastroenterology, and may be used for treating the patients with the first stage cholelithiasis. That is ensured by administering the preparation Mucofalc 1 sachet 3 times a day for 22-24 weeks.
EFFECT: method enables extending the range of drug preparations having litholytic action in the first stage cholelithiasis with no side effects.
2 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: composition, which has antiviral activity, includes ammonium glycyrrhizinate, β-cyclodextrin, emulsifier, preservative, lysozyme, polymeric carrier, pH regulator, demineralised water, with specified component ratio. Composition, which has antiviral activity, includes betulinic acid, β-cyclodextrin, emulsifier, preservative, sanguiritrinum, polymeric carrier, suppository base, pH regulator, demineralised water, with specified component ratio.
EFFECT: claimed compositions have expressed antiviral action.
2 cl, 1 tbl, 7 ex
FIELD: food industry.
SUBSTANCE: composition with hepato-protective and immunostimulating properties contains oxygenated dextran with molecular weight equal to 40-70 kDa and a vegetal raw material component chosen from the following group: dry Saint-Mary-thistle fruits extract, dry hill-growing saltwort extract, dry purple echinacea herb extract as well as microcrystalline cellulose as a physiologically acceptable filler, taken in a specified quantity.
EFFECT: hepato-protective and immunostimulating properties enhancement.
1 tbl, 8 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine and cell technologies. What is presented is a cell product containing a population of sub-mandibular salivary duct stem cells described by the phenotype CD49f+/EpCAM+ and changing an expression profile for 1AAT+/PEPCK+/G6P+/TDO+/CYP P4503A13+ after the treatment with valproic acid in the concentration of 0.1-40 mM and cultivation in collagen gel, as well as gaining the capacity to synthetise urea and albumin.
EFFECT: invention allows providing the effective recovery of the insufficient synthetic and detoxification hepatic function accompanying acute and chronic hepatic failure when used both in artificial liver apparatuses, and in the direct transplantation into the affected liver, and can be used for a cell replacement therapy of a wide spectrum of acute and chronic hepatic pathologies, including treating cirrhosis, acute and chronic hepatic failure, as well as for the recovery of the synthetic and detoxification hepatic functions when used as an active cell component in extracorporeal liver apparatuses.
2 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: thoracic epidural analgesia is conducted by puncturing and catheterisation of an epidural space at ThVIII - ThIX before the expiry of 24 hours from the onset of a disease after a moderate intravenous infusion therapy in the amount of 15-20 mg/kg of crystalloid solutions. 20 minutes before an expected endoscopic papillosphincterotomy, a catheter is moved 4-5 cm in a cranial direction. At ThV-ThX, 0.4% naropin 10-12 ml or 0.2% Marcaine 10-12 ml and clonidine 100 mcg are administered through a catheter. That is followed by a pre-medication by administering 0.1% atropine 0.5-1 ml and 0.5% relanium 1-2 ml. Thereafter, the patient is taken to an X-ray operation room to conduct the endoscopic papillosphincterotomy without an endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with general pancreatic duct stenting. After the operation has been completed, the patient is taken to an intensive care unit wherein an extended epidural analgesia is conducted by administering 0.2% naropin 10-12 ml or 0.15% marcaine 10-12 ml into the epidural space every 4 hours until the patient is taken to a department of surgery.
EFFECT: early intestinal motility recovery, increased pancreatic secretion, prevented spasm of the gastrointestinal sphincter ensured by a pathological complete blockade of sympathetic impulsing.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely hepatology, and may be used for treating patients with hepatic cirrhosis. That is ensured by prescribing Essentiale Forte N as a hepatoprotective agent, detoxification agents, enzymes, diuretics, hemostatic preparations, vitamins B1, B6, C. The probiotic Linex is additionally taken. If observing Child Pugh A and B hepatic cirrhosis, a dosage is 2 capsules 3 times a day. In Child Pugh A disease, the length of the treatment is 6 weeks, while Child Pugh B requires 7 weeks of the treatment. The stage of Child Pugh C hepatic cirrhosis provides taking 3 capsules 3 times a day. The length of the treatment makes 8-9 weeks.
EFFECT: method provides the higher clinical effectiveness ensured by a differentiated approach depending on the stage of hepatic cirrhosis.
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SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely recreation therapy, and may be used for human health improvement. That is ensured by traditional medical examination of the patient. The findings are used to draw up the rehabilitation program including body cleansing, intestine and liver purification, physical exercises. One week before the beginning of the rehabilitation program, the patient starts separate nutrition with preferential vegetable food and dairy products, limited consumption of salt, alcohol and sugar. One day before the rehabilitation program, a fasting day is kept with taking 1% kephir or fresh apple juice. Further, on the first two days of the three-day program or on the first four days of the seven-day program, the body is cleansed by keeping a juice diet. The juice diet contains fresh vegetable and fruit juices, herbal infusions and mineral water. Water is unlimited. On the first day of the cleansing program, the intestine is purified with the preparation Fortrans. Starting from the first day the liver and gall bladder are cleansed with using herbal and saline choleretics for four days of the 7-day program and for two days of the 3-day program. That is combined with paradoxical respiration by Strelnikova's technique and hydrotherapy. Physical exercises involve physical loads on a cardio-vascular machine, one training as prescribed by the doctor - yoga, pilates, chi gong, water aerobics or hypoxi capsule. Therapeutic massage and lymph drainage massage follow. Then body-detox, ozone therapy, collagenarium procedures are performed. Cold training procedures involve Linear Kneipp, saunas, swimming pool, turpentine bathes. Bathing and cold training procedures are followed by pilling and algae wraps. From the 5th day of the 7-day program, or from the 3rd day of the 3-day program, the diet involves water cereals, vegetable and fruit salads, vegetable fast soups.
EFFECT: method provides effective patient's health recovery, namely weight loss, health improvement, blood value normalisation, formation behavioural model of health preservation over a shortest possible period of time.
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions refers to veterinary science and is applicable for treating mastitis in cows. The declared agent contains veterinary Vivaton - 10%, ASD-2 - 4%, Bursanatal - 6% and 0.9% normal saline up to 100%. The method involves administering the declared agent with underlying general strengthening and stimulating therapy. The agent is intra-cisternal into an involved one-quarter of a dug in a dose of 5 ml daily once a day using a syringe in number of 3-5 procedures.
EFFECT: using the declared group of invention enables providing higher efficacy in treating mastitis in cows.
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