Method of enrichment of sweet pepper of sort-type of paprika with selenium
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture and food industry. The method comprises growing pepper plants with the introduction of doses of fertilisers. At that the pepper is grown from seedling method in winter greenhouses; and the enrichment element of the plants with selenium the prolonged granules APION-30 are used, containing 0.036% sodium selenate, which are applied under the plant's root system during its transplantation from the pots into the soil.
EFFECT: method enables to improve the efficiency of selenium accumulation in fruits of pepper sort-type of paprika.
The invention relates to agriculture and food industry, namely to methods of enrichment of selenium sweet pepper types paprika and some types of vegetables are natural accumulators of selenium.
It is known that the trace element selenium enters the human body from the soil through plant products. The lack of selenium in the diet for a person associated with the weakening of the body against the effects of adverse environmental factors (industrial emission of radiation), the development of cardiac diseases and cancer (Gavrilov A.A., Gavrilova NS // Biology of life span. - M.: Nauka. - 1991. - 280 S.).
One of the methods to optimize the level of security of the population trace is the use for human consumption selenium enriched vegetable plants, in particular sweet pepper types paprika. Among vegetable plants peppers types paprika widely used by man as raw and canned, and dried in a solid form or in powder form.
The main ways of dressing vegetable plants selenium are:
1. soil salts of selenium together with fertilizers for vegetable plants [RF Patent №2218764 C2, A01N 59/02, A01N 61/00. A method of enrichment of selenium in vegetables. / Golubkina N.A., Konobeev NI, Pavlov L.V., Slepko GI, Yuriev the SUMMARY. The applicant and patentee VNIISSOK, will be held. Application: 2001110330/13, 18.04.2001; publ. 20.12.2003];
2. the method of increasing the selenium content in clover medicinal by depositing selenium salts below the root of the plants in the phase of beginning of flowering, followed by copious irrigation [Patent No. 2340152 C2, AS 21/00, A01N 59/02. The method of increasing the selenium content in clover medicinal. Application: 2007102416/13, 22.01.2007; publ. 10.12.2008];
3. steeping garlic bulbs, nodules of Stachys and topinambur within 48 hours in 1%solution of sodium selenate, cooked on electroactivated water with pH 8.0 [RF Patent №2189155, 23L 1/304, A01C 1/00. The way of dressing of garlic and root vegetables selenium / Golubkina N.A.; Sokolov AA; A. Sokolova and other Applicant and patentee VIIIFX, VNIISSOK, will be held. Application: No. 97105011/13, 01.04.1997; publ. 20.09.2002].
Each of these ways of dressing vegetable plants selenium has its advantages and its disadvantages. However, the first method of enrichment of vegetable plants selenium by adding salts of selenium together with fertilizer to the soil during transplanting due to the simplicity of the method and of low complexity has advantages over the other two. The second way of dressing vegetable plants selenium by making salt solution of selenium under the root of the plant in the phase of beginning of flowering in the selenium concentration of 0.5 to 4.1 mg/DM2soils with subsequent abundant floor the PTO water is ineffective, as most of the aqueous solution of salts of selenium misses on the treated plant, which reduces the efficiency of the process and can lead to contamination of soils undigested salts of selenium. The third way is the enrichment of selenium garlic bulbs and root vegetables by soaking the latter in a solution of salt of selenium on the basis of electroactivated water is the most time-consuming and costly. The disadvantages of this method include the need for specialized training environment, as well as maintain a specific pH environment, which results in a complicated way.
Closest to the claimed invention, the set of essential characteristics is a way of dressing vegetable plants selenium by adding salts of selenium together with fertilizer to the soil during transplanting.
The task, which is aimed by the invention, is to increase the efficiency of accumulation of selenium in the pepper fruit types paprika and reduce material and labor costs for the entire process.
This task is solved in that a method of enrichment of selenium sweet pepper types paprika includes the cultivation of pepper plants with the introduction of doses of mineral fertilizers, and the pepper is grown seedlings way in winter greenhouses, and as part of the enrichment plants selenium used in the comfort of prolonged granules APION-30 (Automatic Feed Osmotic Pump), contains being 0.036% of sodium selenate, which contribute under the root system of the plant when transplanting from pots into the ground. The method does not require additional hardware and does not require additional application of APIONIDAE during the growing season of plants, which dramatically reduces the process of production of marketable fruit with desired properties on the content of selenium, excludes overdose fertilizer plants and soil contamination.
In the proposed method the study was conducted in conditions of "Agrocomplex "Doskino" Avtozavodsky district, Nizhny Novgorod.
The concentration of selenium in fruits of sweet pepper varieties lighthouse and varieties Cascade was determined fluorometrically method after drying of pericardia at a temperature of 30°C to constant weight under laboratory conditions, and the content of biologically active substances using standard techniques in the MINISTRY of education of the Nizhny Novgorod state agricultural Academy and laboratory biochemical studies of the GSI research Institute of breeding and seed production of vegetable crops [Mamedov M.I. Chemical technology evaluation peppers types paprika on recyclability: article / M.I. Mammadov, O.N. Lush, A.S. Rods, N.A. Golubkina. - Cultivated plants for sustainable agriculture in the twenty-first century (search, introduction, creation, preservation and use in breeding). Scientific works. / The Russian Academy of agricultural Sciences. - M., 2008. - V.3 - 383-396 C.].
These laboratories is Torno studies on selenium and BAS peppers are presented in table 1.
|The content of selenium and BAS in fruits of sweet pepper types paprika|
|Control||Apionidae||Apionidae +Se||Control||Apionidae||Apionidae +Se|
|Yield, kg/m||the 3.8||2,6||2,3||the 4.7||5,8||4,5|
|Fruit weight, g||30,8±4,0|
31,3 or 54.3
|Se, mg/kg dry weight||111±8|
|Ascorbic acid, mg/100 g wet weight||131±15|
|Nitrates, mg/kg wet weight||328±13|
|Carotenoids, mg/kg wet weight||β-carotene||4,9±0,3||10,2±0,7||7,3±0,5||8,0±0,5||16,7±0,8||14,1±0,9|
It is revealed that the application of APIONIDAE significantly increases the content of biologically active substances, vitamin C, β-carotene, capsanthin, capsorubin and total carotenoids. The use of APIONIDAE with the addition of sodium selenate increases the levels of selenium, a natural antioxidant in the fruit 7.4-7.7 times compared with the standard (respectively cultivars Cascade and the lighthouse). In both cases, the research observed the reduction of nitrates to 80-120 mg/kg wet weight.
The increase in the content of ascorbic acid in the phase biological ripeness observed among varieties lighthouse - 38.2% and cultivar Cascade - 39.3% when using APIONIDAE. The use of sodium selenate leads to a slight decrease in the content of vitamin C.
The most important components of the pigment composition of varieties types of paprika are capsanthin and capsorubin that define the color n the Rosca, that is one of the main quality parameters in the International spice trade.
Thus there is sitespecifically response to the application of APIONIDAE. The use of APIONIDAE increases the total content of carotenoids: by 36.3% In grades lighthouse and 40.3% in grade Cascade. At the same time components of the carotenoid change differently. The variety lighthouse increases the content of β-carotene to 108.7%, capsanthin - 45%, and capsorubin reduced by 25.7%. The use of APIONIDAE containing selenate sodium, reduces the content of carotenoids by 34.8 and 24.1% compared with another option studies, but does not reduce these indicators compared to control.
A method of enrichment of selenium sweet pepper types of peppers, including plant growing pepper with the introduction of doses of mineral fertilizers, characterized in that the pepper is grown seedlings way in winter greenhouses, and as part of the enrichment plants selenium prolonged use granules APION-30, containing being 0.036% of sodium selenate, which contribute under the root system of the plant when transplanting from pots into the ground.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The silicon-containing chelate microfertiliser for top dressing is obtained by mixing ad diluting in tap water in a given ratio two mother component aqueous solutions: a mother solution of trace elements and a mother solution containing silicon, wherein the mother solution of trace elements contains iron sulphate, boric acid, manganese sulphate, copper sulphate, cobalt chloride, zinc sulphate, ammonium molybdate and a complexing agent in an amount which sets the pH of the solution of trace elements at 2.5-3, wherein the mother solution of trace elements contains humic acids as the complexing agent. All components are taken in a defined ratio. The mother solution containing silicon is 1% potassium or sodium silicate solution; a working solution of a silicon-containing chelate microfertiliser is obtained by diluting and mixing the mother solutions in tap water. All components are taken in a defined ratio. The pH of the working solution becomes 5.5-6.0.
EFFECT: invention enables to produce a silicon-containing chelate microfertiliser with improved plant-protection and adaptogenic properties, prolongs the shelf life of the mother solutions.
2 cl, 11 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Method of enriching fruits and berries with selenium includes single extra-root treatment of foliage of trees, shrubs and plants with aqueous sodium selenate with concentration 3 mg/l in the period when fruits and berries are formed, which makes it possible to 2-2.5 times increase natural content of selenium. It is required to observe terms of carrying out extra-root treatment and norms of sodium selenate expenditure for Actinidia kolomikta - last ten days of June with standard solution consumption 1000 l/ha, Aronia melanocarpa - first ten days of July with standard solution consumption 300-500 l per 100 trees, Lonicera edulis - first ten days of May with standard solution consumption 1000 l/ha, garden strawberry - second ten days of May with standard solution consumption 759 l/ha, mountain-ash - first ten days of July with standard solution consumption 400-600 l per 100 trees, apple tree - first ten days of July with standard solution consumption 600-1000 l per 100 trees with obtaining enriched with selenium fruits and berries of Actinidia kolomikta, Aronia melanocarpa, Lonicera edulis, garden strawberry, mountain-ash, apple tree, intended for prevention of selenium deficiency.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase content of selenium in apples, fruits and berries of garden strawberry, Lonicera edulis, Actinidia kolomikta, mountain-ash and Aronia melanocarpa, carry out prophylaxis of selenium deficiency in population.
SUBSTANCE: potassium phosphate-modified, prolonged action peat-zeolite fertiliser which contains lowland peat and natural zeolite modified with potassium phosphate K3PO4, in ratio of 2.7:1-3.2:2, wherein the natural zeolite, which is ground to grain size of 0.8-1.1 mm, is saturated with 0.4-0.6% potassium phosphate K3PO4 solution for 10-12 hours with ratio of the weight of the natural zeolite to the potassium phosphate solution of 1:8-1:12.
EFFECT: invention increases bioproductivity of low-fertility cryoarid and cryogenic soils and crop yield, improves qualitative composition thereof and speeds up ripening thereof.
SUBSTANCE: method of producing weakly acidic fertiliser with high content of boron includes the following steps: (1) heating boric acid to 180°C-200°C, maintaining said temperature for 20-30 minutes, drying and separating to obtain pyroboric acid; (2) cooling the pyroboric acid to 40°C-60°C, grinding and collecting to obtain powdered weakly acidic boric fertiliser with boron content in the range of 22.5-23.5%, where grinding is carried out in a high-speed disintegrating mill or jet mill and collection is carried out on a sieve with 100-200 mesh gauze.
EFFECT: invention enables to obtain fertiliser with high rate of dissolution and high mixing efficiency.
SUBSTANCE: cobalt-containing peat-zeolitic fertiliser of prolonged action which comprises lowland peat and natural zeolite modified by trace element cobalt in the ratio 2.1:1-2.6:2. Natural zeolite which is crushed to the grain size of 0.5-0.7 mm, is saturated with the 0.009-0.011% solution of cobalt sulfate CoSO4 for 5-7 hours at a weight ratio of natural zeolite and solution of cobalt sulfate 1:8-1:9.
EFFECT: invention enables to improve the biological productivity of low-productive cryoarid and cryomorphic soils, crop yield, and to improve their quality composition.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to an improved method for reesterification of at least one compound containing at least one ester functional group with at least one compound containing at least one hydroxyl group, in which red mud, formed during production of aluminium through a Bayer process, is used as a reaction-accelerating compound.
EFFECT: method allows for maximum utilisation of wastes - red mud, both in storage and annually formed.
27 cl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: solution of aluminium hydraulic complex is mixed with potassium K3[Al(OH)6] with tripoli powder. Produced suspension is brought to boiling and is neutralised with phosphoric acid. At the last stage a complex sorbent produced from tripoli powder and suspension of hydrolysed peat, being an organic nitrogen-containing fraction of fertiliser are combined. Then the mixture is ground and dried. At the stage of production of organic nitrogen-containing fraction of fertiliser, peat is treated with 50% solution of potassium hydroxide KOH at the ratio of peat : potassium hydroxide, equal to 1:1.3 and during boiling for 1 hour. The produced organic mixture is neutralised with a solution of 30.7% H3PO4 until pH equal to 7. At the stage of combining a complex sorbent and an organic nitrogen-containing fraction of fertiliser, the following ingredients are additionally added into the mixture: ground dry peat, ammonia nitrate NH4NO3 and microelements, as boric acid H3BO3, magnesium sulfate MgSO4 and ammonia molybdate (NH4)6Mo7O24·4H2O.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase efficiency of fertiliser action at soil fertility due to usage of complex adsorbent, to adjust dosed addition of microelements and to simultaneously absorb toxic components and radioactive components with high selectivity.
5 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the field of agriculture. Fertiliser comprises sulfur as reactant in the form of calcium polysulfide and auxiliary components. At that sulfur in fertiliser is in highly dispersed form with particle size of 40 - 120 nm. Auxiliary components the fertiliser contains are water soluble polymers and low-molecular polyalcohols. Components of fertiliser are in the following ratio, wt %: calcium polysulfide - 10.0 -22.0, low-molecular polyalcohols - 0.05 - 0.1, water-soluble polymers - 0.1-1, water - balance. Method includes leaf treatment of winter and spring wheat in phase of grain forming with this fertiliser.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase content of protein in wheat grain.
9 cl, 2 tbl
SUBSTANCE: before sowing, seeds of legume grasses are mixed with zeolite-containing loam alanites and treated in an ultrahigh frequency electromagnetic field with 30-40 second exposure.
EFFECT: such treatment of seeds stimulates growth and development, and increases their nectar content as well.
1 tbl, 2 ex
FIELD: chemistry, agriculture.
SUBSTANCE: method of obtaining complex fertiliser of prolonged action on the basis of adsorption additive - tripoli, includes 5 stages. On the first stage tripoli is mixed with solution K3[Al(OH)6], obtained suspension is exposed in autoclave during 4 hours at pressure 5 atm and temperature 150°C, obtaining complex adsorbent. Mixture is washed with water in ratio mixture: water equal 1:3 and aboiled, obtained suspension is neutralised with hot phosphoric acid with concentration 30.7 wt % continuously mixing until solution with pH = 7.0 is obtained, suspension is dried to 1% humidity. On the second stage peat is processed with 30% solution of KOH while boiling during 0.5 hour with output of biologically active humic fraction. On the third stage nitrating mixture, consisting of P2O5 and HNO3 in ratio 1:2 is obtained, it is combined with peat in ratio 1:1 mixing thoroughly and subjected to cooling during 0.5 hour in crystalliser with ice obtaining organic nitrogen-containing fraction of fertiliser. On the fourth stage biologically active humic and organic nitrogen-containing fraction of fertilizer are mixed, mixture is neutralised with 25% solution of ammonium, until solution with pH=7.0 is obtained, and dried. On the fifth stage complex adsorbent and mixture of organic and humic fractions are combined in ratio 1:2.7, crushed, and fertilizer, which contains in its composition the following elements: wt %: nitrogen N-21.96; phosphoric anhydride P2O5 15.73; potassium oxide K2O 11.20; silicon oxide SiO2 12.54; aluminium oxide Al2O3 1.65; calcium oxide CaO 1.92; magnesium oxide MgO 0.30; iron oxide Fe2O3 0.96; manganese oxide MnO2 0.14; peat and organic substances 33.6, is obtained.
EFFECT: reduction of obtained complex fertiliser cost and enhancing efficiency of prolonged impact of complex fertiliser on soil fertility.
1 cl, 2 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Concentrated liquid mineral composition, containing the following components is applied for spraying leaves: total ammonia nitrogen (%) 0.08-2%, potassium, expressed as K2O (%) 3-6%, magnesium, expressed as MgO (%) 0.4-0.8%, sodium, expressed as Na2O (%) 1-2%, calcium, expressed as CaO (%) 0-0.5%, total phosphates, expressed as SO3 (%) 3-6%, total phosphorus, expressed as P2O5 (%) 0%, chlorides Cl (%) 1-2%, bicarbonates (in % HCO3) 1.2-3.0%, boron (%) 0.1-0.2%, copper (%) 0.018-0.03%, manganese (%) 0.00005-0.006%, iodine (%) 0.02-0.04%, zinc (%) 0.00005-0.006%, iron 0.0002-0.003, water to 100%. Percent content is expressed in weight percent relative to the total composition weight.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to improve adaptive response of plants to change of the environmental conditions.
9 cl, 5 dwg, 1 tbl, 6 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The fungicide composition contains the following as active ingredients: (a) a benzoylpyridine derivative of formula (I) or a salt thereof, where, when A denotes -N=, B denotes -CX4=; when A denotes -CH=, B denotes -N=; each of X1 and X2 independently denotes a halogen atom, an alkoxy group, a hydroxyl group, an alkyl group, a CF3 group or alkylthio group; X3 denotes a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an alkoxy group, an alkyl group, a CF3 group or an alkylthio group; X4 denotes a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an alkoxy group, an alkyl group, a CF3 group or an alkylthio group; R1 denotes an alkyl group; R2' denotes an alkoxy group; p equals 0, 1 or 2; and each of R2" and R2"' denotes an alkoxy group, and (b) at least one additional fungicide selected from a group consisting of pyraclostrobin, boscalid, penthiopyrad, pyribencarb, meptyldinocap, difenoconazole, sulphur, flutianil, 6-tert-butyl-8-fluoro-2,3-dimethylquinolin-4-ylacetate and a compound of formula (II) The composition is applied onto plants.
EFFECT: invention increases effectiveness of the composition.
11 cl, 20 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture and horticulture. The method consists in increasing the stability of vegetable crops to low temperatures and water shortages through a three-time processing of plants with an aqueous solution of sodium selenite with a salt concentration of 0.35·10-3 to 1.04·10-3 g/l. At that the first irrigation is carried out at the phase of germination, the second - at the phase of growing the vegetative mass, the third - at the initial phase of fruiting at the liquid flow rate at the first watering of 1000 litres / ha, at the second and third - 5000 l / ha.
EFFECT: method increases plant stress resistance and increases the yield of vegetable crops.
2 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The pesticide composition comprises: (a) a compound of formula (I), where X is NO2, CN, or COOR4; L represents a single bond, or R1, S and L, taken together, represent a 4 -, 5 - or 6-membered ring; R1 is (C1-C4alkyl; R2 and R3 independently represent hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, fluorine, chlorine or bromine; n is an integer 0-3; Y is (C1-C4) haloalkyl; and R4 represents a (C1-C3) alkyl; (b) ammonium salt; and (c) nonionogenic surface-active compound. The composition is applied to the agricultural pests or the place that can be inhabited by them.
EFFECT: invention enables to implement the indication of the composition.
2 cl, 2 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to protected ground plant-growing and may be applied in agriculture, food industry, fodder production, medicine, veterinary science, biotechnology. The method for vegetables and cereals enrichment with selenium is as follows: one performs plant seeds or roots treatment. Seeds treatment is performed with a solution with selenium content within the 0.4-40 mg/l concentrations range with subsequent seeds sowing into soil and cultivation under exposure to light enriched with 600-700 nm band waves produced using fluorescent lamps at intensity equal to 240 mcM/m2s or light-correcting polyethylene films under protected ground natural illumination conditions. Roots treatment is performed with a liquid nutritive solution with selenium salt content within the 0.001 - 1 mg/l concentrations range in the process of cultivation under exposure to 600-700 nm wavelength light produced using fluorescent lamps at intensity equal to 240 mcM/m2s.
EFFECT: method allows to enhance plants productional process and nutritive value of the products produced based on vegetable raw materials.
2 dwg, 3 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The method includes cleaning of seeds, sowing and harvesting. In the process of cleaning on the magnetic device the seeds are moistened with steam enriched with ions of sodium selenate and potassium permanganate in concentrations of the aqueous solution of 0.01% each. After cleaning, the seeds are sown in summer period with increased seeding rate in the range of 20-25 kg/ha and in the year of sowing before winter the grass stand is mowed at a height of 7-10 cm.
EFFECT: method enables to increase the efficiency of control of harmful weed dodder.
1 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a synergetic insecticide containing active substances in form of a compound of general formula where E denotes NO2 or CN, R denotes thiazolyl-methyl or pyridyl-methyl, substituted with a halogen, A denotes hydrogen, Z denotes an alkylamino group with 1-4 carbon atoms or A and Z together with atoms with which they are bonded form thiazolidine, imidazolidine, hexahydro-1,3,5-triazine in which nitrogen atoms in positions 3 and 5 are substituted with two alkyl groups with 1-4 carbon atoms in the alkyl group, a 6-member saturated heterocyclic fragment which additionally contains oxygen and a N-alkyl heterogroup, where the alkyl in the N-alkyl group contains 1-4 carbon atoms, and a fungicidal active substance selected from a group comprising difenoconazole, triadimefon, fluquinconazole, fenpropimorph, procymidone, dichlofluanide, captan, anilazine, maneb, mancozeb, benomyl and sulphur.
EFFECT: high efficiency of the insecticide.
3 cl, 5 ex, 3 tbl
SUBSTANCE: according to the invention, an agent for aqueous algae and microorganisms control can be applied in swimming pools, whirlpool baths, refrigerating columns, warm water networks, natural reservoirs, containers containing high-water biological waste, and also can be added in potable water at animal breeding (pigs). The agent for algae control and bacteria growth inhibition or elimination in the aqueous medium contains a) bivalent copper cations in the form of a water-soluble salt, and b) inorganic sulfamic acid and/or its salt. The molar number of copper cations and total molar number of sulfamic acid and/or its salt are related as 1:2.
EFFECT: production of the low-toxicity agent.
4 cl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: means is represented in form of two separate water compositions containing in wt %: 1) copper (3.8±0.1), zinc (3.4±0.1), magnesium (1.45±0.1), nickel (0.017±0.002), lithium (0.06±0.008), cobalt (2.2±0.03), iron (0.52±0.01), manganese (0.32±0.01), general nitrogen (4.81±0.1), water 1l 2) potassium (3.7±0.5), phosphorus (5.26±0.5), chrome (0.12±0.015), molibdenum (0.66±0.002), boron (0.43±0.5), selenium (0.008±0.0001), vanadium (0.9±0.01) carbohydrates (5±0.5), amino acids (1±0,5), water 1 l.
EFFECT: invention ensures increase of seed germination efficiency, acceleration of plant growth.
3 cl, 4 tbl
SUBSTANCE: common melilot is a natural concentrator of selenium. Treating vegetative plants with aqueous solution of selenium salt with concentration of selenium ranging from 0.5 to 4.1 g/dm2 increases concentration of selenium in plants.
EFFECT: concentration of selenium in common meliot is achieved avoiding suppressing effect on the plants, and mainly in form of organic compounds, facilitating adoption of selenium by animal body.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. In the method lotus is grown in artificial conditions by selection of two containers one of which is placed in the other so that the inner container height is 10-30 cm less than the outer container height. At that in the inner container the planting ground is placed, in which lotus rhizomes are lowered to a depth of 5-15 cm. The soil surface is covered with the drain, which is used as a layer of washed river sand. A layer of fine washed stone with particle diameter of not more than 1 cm is applied on its top, then the container is filled with water. Planting and growing of lotuses in the container can be carried out throughout the year, regardless of the season.
EFFECT: method enables to increase the growth rate of lotus in artificial conditions by growing in containers.
2 cl, 1 dwg