Screen display

FIELD: physics, computer engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to computer engineering and specifically to a screen display for computing devices which control production processes of complex installations. The installation for extracting coal from the bottom of a mine includes devices for extracting coal from the bottom of a mine, which include a winning machine, a plurality of support units mounted along the bottom and a support control device. The support control device includes a ground-based control device, a computing device for the installation, control devices for the support units, a screen display for rendering instructions, functions, operating conditions, positions and/or functional conditions of the installation. The screen display comprises multiple independent and separate partial screen displays, each associated with a terminal control device which is independent of other control devices of partial screen displays.

EFFECT: facilitating simultaneous display of multiple images parallel each other with arbitrary change and arbitrary sequence next to each other and without mutual influence and overlapping.

3 cl, 2 dwg

 

From DE 10200612693 A1 famous plant for coal mining in the mine shaft containing a device for the extraction of coal at the face of the mine, including the mining machine, move along the coal face, and many shields are installed along the face, and device management support, comprising: elevated Central control device; the computing device installation, which is the control device bottom, located at the end of the slaughter to control production functions excavation machines and fixing functions of shields in the sense of unloading, shifting, spreading; control units support units located at respective shields and functionally related with them for conversion and transmission of commands to the mounting control device slaughter and data; on-screen display device for visualization commands, functions, working conditions, provisions and/or functional States of the installation; the control device is a display of a display device with a program to control the on-screen display device according to the specified parameters of the computing device installation.

While the screen display is suitable only for image display, which although may contain excerpts and flows from other images, but it is not inthis regard is already full. Moreover, exposure and flows must be pre-programmed so that the alignment of current needs and the needs of the current operation is not possible.

Under the image within this application is defined as any display on the screen display device that is useful or desirable for the management or control of the installation, whether actual stationary or moving image installations or parts of installations, a graphical representation, a schematic diagram or view charts of functions and processes, displaying commands and command sequences, operational parameters and settings as a separate data series and data tables. The content and type of graphic representations is determined only by the design of the setup used by the sensors and recording devices and the flow of data to a computing device for managing production processes and from the computing device to control manufacturing processes.

The objective of the invention is to improve the installation of the above purpose, therefore, to provide a simultaneous display of multiple images in parallel to each other and with any change and an arbitrary sequence next to each other and without cooperation the many influences and blending.

The problem is solved due to the fact that with the computing device installation correlated (linked) data storage device intended for information and data collection, which can be shown on-screen display device, and is equipped with a storage device for storing the collected data, which are formed in the installation or part installation and include commands, dimension value, the captured images, the operational parameters of shields and/or fixing the functions performed by each of the shields, and the screen display contains several independent and separated from each partial screen display devices, each of which correlated finished control device, which is independent from the other control devices of the partial screen display devices and which is equipped independent of other program, with the computing device, the installation is made with the possibility of requesting the specified data from the data storage and distribution of these data for the partial on-screen display devices according to the input image through the control of a master device that is powered and programmed (parameterisable) connected with it through the keyboard on the desire of the operator so that the definition is stored by the command, dimension value, the captured images or operational parameters are selected by the operator for retrieving from the data storage and distribution for rendering on one or more partial screen display devices, selected by the operator, and the rest of the requested data selected by the operator, shall be distributed to one or more other partial screen display device in the image (the scheme), type(th) operator through the keyboard.

When carrying out the invention one operator is able to keep control of several critical elements, such as areas of the face, features or parameters (measurement results); to collect and store data related to these critical elements, as in the past period of time, and in real time; randomly choose several, for example four, of the specified element, which simultaneously and in parallel visualized, i.e. displayed on the screen, with no impact on each other and not overlapping each other, and the other elements can be any programmable sequence. These four elements can be current operational parameter extraction machine operating parameter extraction machine in the past, the image of the shields, to which the mining machine at the moment at the result, and the image of the shields, which the mining machine just passed.

Thus, the operator of several independent partial on-screen display devices can display a subset of information elements from a larger set, which greatly increases the reliability and efficiency of the management of downhole equipment.

Control devices of the partial screen display devices preferred manner identical with regard to their structure, function, design, and software programming. These plants, such as face, going in the drive data, which is correlated with the computing device to control production processes and the preferred way, is located in the same housing of the computing device. The data on the drive data of the master computing device (control master device) distributes on the computing device, display control device, a partial display device) according to the specified input device settings. The input device may be a storage device that contains the program for distribution of images. First of all, we are talking about the keyboard, which has the advantage that it can be used at any time to choose the content, way before the delivery and the necessary partial screen display device. Multiple displays (partial screen display devices), located, for example, according to scheme 2×2 or 2+3, can be located in the same plane in the cover of the housing of the computing device and is visible from the outside. This location is ideal for displaying multiple images, and one image that is divided into two or more or all of the partial screen display device and composed together. Free partial screen display device can be employed in this case other images that relate to the functional elements of the unit.

Proposed in the invention, the installation for coal mining in the mine shaft is a system of high complexity, including extraction machine, which is a shift along the coal face, more than 100 shields (shields)that are installed along the face, the device management support with the Central control device in the above-ground parts, the associated control device slaughter at the end of the slaughter to control production functions excavation machines and fixing functions of shields in the sense of unloading, shifting, spreading, and control devices of shields, of which each shield section locally and functionally respectively associated control device Zab what I've to complete and send commands roof support control device downhole and transmit data (bus). The computational device for industrial process control is a control device of the face, which at the same time as a mass storage device for data collection is equipped with a module ROM for information, collection and preservation formed in the bottom of operational parameters of the functions attaching and production.

Control device slaughter or each control device slaughter are as intrinsically safe computing devices visualization at the ends of the shaft and communicate with the Central computing device and the control devices of shields. Paragraph 6 of the claims relates to improvement, which is particularly suitable for underground works and is used, primarily, in the control device slaughter or control devices slaughter at the ends of the face. Due to this, you can replace the previously used awkward heavy computer case light housings, which can also be positioned so that one side, the preferred image on the cover, were situated displays in a rectangular raster, however, partial screen display device could be located on or near the back of the displays inside the housing so that by opening the cap is up partial on-screen display devices are visible and accessible for maintenance or replacement. For this purpose computing device to manage the production processes performed "intrinsically safe", when they have such a low consumption of energy and electricity that are not formed no sparks, no unacceptable heat, and from the housing of the computing device to the lightweight construction also no danger of an explosion.

Connected to the control master device, the keyboard may be located on the cover of the housing of the computing device and apparently with good access, and without an external supply to the chassis of the computing device to serve for the parameterization of the master and to call all functions installation visualization. The wizard performs the division of the available information on the displays. Managing master device can be programmed/parameterized tab so that all of (e.g. four) displays display one image or, more preferably, for example, two adjacent to each other image, and other displays display respectively different image or, more preferably, all monitors display different images. The computing device as intrinsically safe computing devices visualization are at the ends of the shaft and communicate with the Central computing device is tion and control devices sections.

The drawings schematically shows as an example the control device supports and preferred object of the invention is:

figure 1 - scheme of the mine bottom, with some sections 11 supports and control devices slaughter,

figure 2 - body section 14 with the cover 13 computing devices for process control/control devices 6 slaughter.

The reference 1 indicates elevated Central control device, which also has a display unit 2 display. The Central control unit through the bus 3 is connected with the control device downhole, the preferred way with two essentially identical in construction and function control devices 6 slaughter, which are under the earth to the ends of the shaft and are used here as computing devices for industrial process control. Computing device 6 to control production processes are connected through the bus 3 and the respective interconnections with the control device 12 sections 11 lining.

The following describes computing device to process control/control device 6 of the face. Each computing device to control production processes are accommodated in the housing and is equipped with a display device which STW 8 display. Computing device for process control/control device 6 slaughter made "intrinsically safe" ("self-secure"). Ie: the schema and the structural elements are designed in such a way that they are operated with low energy and, thus, low current so that when an incorrect operation or damage to or defects in the formation of sparks and unacceptable heating are impossible and, thus, also when underground work there is no danger of explosion. Therefore, the housing of the computing device may be implemented as a lightweight metal box with a sheet thickness less than 10 mm, in contrast to conventional buildings computing devices are not "intrinsically safe" control devices slaughter.

Figure 1 and 2 shows the housing 14 with the cover 13 in the closed state.

Each screen of the display device consists of a partial display devices 8.1, 8.2, 8.3, 8.4 display, which have respectively the same size and are located in a flat rectangular raster. As shown in figure 2, the partial on-screen display devices are located on facing outward side of the cover 13, which can be used to hermetically seal the housing 14 of the computing device to process control/control device 6 of slaughter.

Along with will calculate the school with a capacity of 9 and processors, each control device 6 of the face also has a storage device 7, which are made in the form of a ROM of the digital memory semiconductor structures in which the stored functional operating and control program, which required computing devices for process control/control apparatus 6 of the face to control the functions of the lining. Each control device 6 of the face, as well as the Central control device 1 with a keyboard, which for lining can be entered commands, and further that even I will describe command to query the data and to determine the type of display on one or more partial display device 8 to display.

With each partial screen display device associated complete control device screen display device, a so-called control unit 10.1-10.4 partial screen display device with a program to control the partial screen display device. Managing devices 10.1-10.4 partial screen display devices attached on the reverse side of the corresponding partial screen display device. The preferred way, all control devices partial screen display devices have the ID is ntinuo design and equipped with identical software and programming for the visualization accordingly entered data. Each of these control devices partial screen display devices are connected via cable with common for all control devices in the partial screen display devices managing master device 15 and provides them in action. Control the master device 15 is also accommodated in the housing 14 of the computing device 6 to control manufacturing processes. Control the master device 15 may be an integral part of one of the control devices of the partial screen display device.

Control the master device 15 is driven and programmed (parameterisable) through the keyboard 16 to which it is connected through the wiring harness. Due to this control, the master device 15 can distribute the data collected in the drive 17 of the data at the request of the operator of the individual control devices of the display devices display devices for industrial process control and pre-determine the image to be displayed on each screen of the display device. Drive 17 data storage device of the data collection) is a storage device associated with the computing device 6 to control the production processes, in which all generated in the system is IU or part of the installation data which can be shown on-screen display device, a first command, a dimension value, the captured images, etc. will be collected and/or stored in such a way that requested the managing master device 15 to put the desires of the operator, they can be distributed to one or more control devices is a partial screen display devices of the computing device to control manufacturing processes and can be visualized on the input image corresponding to the partial on-screen display devices.

Reference designations

1. The Central control device 1

2. The screen display 2

3. Bus line 3

4. 4

5. 5

6. Computing device to control the production processes, the computing device slaughter, computing unit, a processor that controls the computing device, the computing device 6

7. The storage device 7

8. The display device 8 to display

8.1-8.4 partial screen display device

9. The hard disk 9, the drive 9 of hard disk space

10. Processor on-screen display device, the processor is a partial screen of the display device, the control device 10.1-10.4 display device display

11. Shield 11

12. Operated the exercise device of the shield 12

13. Cover

14. The housing of the computing device, a casing, a metal box

15. Control the master device 15

16. Keyboard 16

17. The drive 17 of the data.

1. Installation for coal mining in the mine shaft containing a device for the extraction of coal at the face of the mine, including the mining machine, move along the coal face, and many shields are installed along the face, and device management support, containing:
- elevated Central control device (1);
computing device (6) installation, which is the control device bottom, located at the end of the slaughter to control production functions excavation machines and fixing functions of shields in the sense of unloading, shifting, spreading;
- the control device (12) shields are located on the respective shields and functionally related to transforming and commands transmission mounting control device slaughter and data;
- screen display device for visualization commands, functions, working conditions, provisions and/or functional States of the installation;
- the control device is a display of a display device with a program to control the on-screen display device according to the specified parameters of a computing device (6) install;
characterized in that:
- with the computing device (6) install the mapped drive (17) data intended for information and data collection, which can be shown on-screen display device;
drive (17) data include a storage device for storing the collected data, which are formed in the installation or part installation and include commands, dimension value, the captured images, the operational parameters of shields and/or fixing the functions performed by each of the shields;
- the screen display contains several independent and separated from each partial display devices (8.1-8.4) display, each of which correlates complete control device (10.1-10.4), which is independent from the other control devices of the partial screen display devices and which is equipped independent from the other program,
computing device (6) installation made with the possibility of requesting the specified data from the drive (17) data and for allocating such data among the partial on-screen display devices according to the input means of the control of the master device (15);
- control the master device (15) is driven and programmed (parameterisable) through connected with it a keyboard (16) p is the desire of the operator so that:
- defined stored commands, dimension value, the captured images or operational parameters are selected by the operator to request from the drive (17) and data distribution for rendering on one or more partial display devices (8.1-8.4) display operator selectable;
the remaining requested data selected by the operator, shall be distributed to one or more other partial display devices (8.1-8.4) displayed in the image entered by the operator through the keyboard.

2. Installation according to claim 1, characterized in that the partial screen display device are located in a common plane, especially on the side, primarily on the cover of the housing of the computing device, where they are visible from the outside, and on its back side is equipped with structural elements and cards with their corresponding control device partial screen display device.

3. Installation according to claim 1, characterized in that its computing device has a light body, and each control device is partial on-screen display device is located inside the enclosure on the back side of the corresponding partial screen display device capable of operating at low power consumption and low current without danger of formation of the claim is s and intolerable heat, and the housing of the computing device may be in the form of a metal box.



 

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2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps, mining operations.

SUBSTANCE: system composed of hydraulic units for underground mining operations is intended for, particularly, underground working supports, actuators and/or pickups, all of them being encased and interconnected or can be connected, via a data transfer system, to the control unit. Note that every actuator is designed to make every hydraulic unit function operate and/or every pickup is set up to read out the hydraulic conditions at the point of measuring whatever quantity of the walking support. Mind that every actuator (3) and/or sensitive element (7, 8) in its casing (4; 18, 19) are wired to readout unit (20; 30), while hydraulic unit (1) for every function (2) or every point of measurement is connected to data element (12; 13) connected in the circuit to allow a readout unit with a receiver and/or transmitted module (20; 30) to effect a contactless inductive data readout therefrom and to transmit the said data to control unit (6). Data element (12; 13) represents a transponder or a transmitter incorporating a receiver coil. The control unit (6) uses this data via the data transfer system to allow an automatic single-valued identification and reprogramming.

EFFECT: faultless connections.

8 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: mining industry.

SUBSTANCE: method for extraction and underground use of coal includes cleaning extraction and dumping of coal, fixing and controlling ceiling and transporting coal along face to drift. On the drift, in moveable generator, coal is pulverized for intensive burning with use of jets in water boiler firebox, where high temperature of steam is achieved (about 1400 C°), enough for decomposition of water on oxygen and hydrogen. These are separated, then oxygen is fed back to jets, and hydrogen is outputted along pipes and hoses in drifts and shaft. Variants of underground generator for realization of this method are provided. Also provided is method for extraction of disturbed coal beds by short faces. It includes extraction and dumping of coal on face conveyor, fixing of ceiling behind combine, moving conveyor line and support sections in direction of cleaning face displacement, control of ceiling with destruction and partial filling. Extraction of coal is performed in short curvilinear faces by long stripes along bed, in straight drive without forwarding drifts, with preservation and reuse of ventilation and conveyor drifts, equipped with mounting manipulator robots, with fixing behind combine by automatically operating support deflectors without unloading and displacing sections in area of coal extraction. Extraction and transporting of coal is performed by fast one-drum combine and curvilinear reloading conveyor, supplying coal to drift conveyor or immediately to underground gas or energy generator placed immediately on drift. Also proposed is face scraper conveyor for realization of said method, wherein pans are made with step along front face profile, greater, than along back one, while forming common line curved towards face with constant curvature. Also proposed is a method for controlling complex for unmanned coal extraction.

EFFECT: higher efficiency, effectiveness, broader functional capabilities.

8 cl, 5 dwg

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