Hydraulic power system

FIELD: energy industry.

SUBSTANCE: hydraulic power system comprises multistage concrete pedestals located in two or more rows so that the pedestals of the second and subsequent rows are placed in the gaps between the pedestals of the preceding rows. On the steps of the pedestals the wave power plants are installed connected in the unified energy system, which floats float on the waves. The pedestals are made in the form of multistage polygonal prisms, such as hexagonal, and are arranged around the wave generator. The wave generator is made in the form of a column 2 installed on a concrete polyhedral, for example hexagonal, base 3, on which, above the water surface, the water reservoir 5 is placed with the cuffs 6 at its upper edge, and a conical nozzle 7 in the bottom, and a pump 8 for supplying water in the reservoir. Faces of the prism and the concrete base 2, which are in contact with water, have the shape of a parabola. All the wave power plants are connected to a unit of storage and distribution of the electric energy which is connected to the pump. The groups of adjacent polygonal prisms around the wave generator are located in areas of damped waves.

EFFECT: ability to create additional sources of electricity generation through the use of the wave properties of various natural water reservoirs.

3 dwg

 

The invention relates to hydropower and, in particular, can be used to produce additional electricity in different areas of water.

A known problem of the shortage of energy resources in remote areas of Russia, as well as its increase due to increase in electricity consumption.

A device for additional hydropower containing the hydro-power in the waters downstream of which are multi-stage concrete pedestals, installed in two or more rows and in between the previous series, speed tables installed in the United unified energy system of wave power station, the floats which float on the waves, see RF patent №2394960, IV 9/08 from 21.01.2009.

However, the known device is of limited use, i.e. it can be used only in the region adjacent to the station.

The aim of the present invention is the achievement of the technical result in the creation of additional sources of power generation through the use of waves of various natural reservoirs, lakes, ponds, rivers etc.

This technical result is achieved by the fact that in the known system containing multi-concrete tables, arranged in two or more rows, where the tables of the second and sleduyushij rows are arranged in the gaps between the prisms of the previous series, on the steps of the tables are set to United in the unified energy system of wave power station, the floats which float on the waves, it is proposed Cabinet to perform in the form of a multi-faceted, for example hexagonal, prisms, arrange them around the wave generator, which is proposed to run as installed on a concrete multi-faceted, for example, hexagonal shape of the bottom of the post, which is above the water surface to install the water tank with cuffs on the upper edge and a tapered socket in the bottom and a pump for supplying water to the tank, while the faces of the base and prisms in contact with water, have the shape of a parabola, the whole group of wave power plants connected to the power accumulation and distribution of electricity, which is connected to the pump, the neighboring groups of polyhedral prisms around wave generator encouraged to locate in areas of the evanescent wave.

The invention is illustrated graphics.

Figure 1 shows the design wave generator, figure 2 shows a multi-faceted, for example hexagonal, layered prism with a wave power plant, figure 3 presents a picture of the location of the wave generator and wave power plants in the waters of the reservoir.

Hydropower system includes;

1. The wave generator;

2. Pillar;

3. Concrete multifaceted such as hex, base;

4. Multistage, for example a hexagon, prism;

5. The water tank;

6. The cuff on the upper edge of the tank 5;

7. Conical socket in the bottom of the tank 5;

8. Pump;

9. Wave power;

10. The power accumulation and distribution of electricity;

11. The water supply hose from the pump 8 to the tank 5.

Hydropower system consists of a set in the concrete reservoir is multifaceted, for example hexagonal, the base 3 is installed on the pole 2 with a fixed water tank 5. Around concrete hexagonal base 3 are multi-faceted, for example, hexagonal, multi-prism 4, which, like the hexagonal base, faces in contact with water, made in the form of a parabola. This provides rise of the incoming waves at the double height (1). On the steps of the multi-faceted prisms 4 is installed wave power station 9, the floats which float on the waves. Along the top edge of the tank 5 water installed sleeve 6 in its bottom is made conical nozzle 7, and the concrete base 3 has a pump 8, the feed hose water into the tank 5.

Concrete multi-faceted base 3 with built-in pump 8, column 2 with the tank 5 form the wave generator 1. Electricity from all Volnova the power 9 is supplied to the power accumulation and distribution of electricity 10, the part which enters the pump 8.

Hydropower system works as follows.

To create a water surface wave process in the present invention is used, the wave generator 1 that generates waves through water flowing from the conical nozzle 7 of the tank 5 and is incident on the surface of a pond.

The water in the tank 5 is supplied from a reservoir by a pump 8, which at the initial stage is triggered from an external source of electricity.

The waves propagate from the wave generator 1 to the pond in all directions and reach concrete manifold base 2 multilevel and multifaceted prisms 8 are reflected from the parabolic edges, thus increasing its height and potential energy due to their parabolic shape (1), and extend in different directions, when faced with similar faces of adjacent prisms 8.

Thus, the wave process is not attenuated, and covers located on a circle around the generator wave 1 wave power station 9, located on three or four rows of hexagonal prisms 8.

Electricity from all of wave power plants 9 is supplied to the power accumulation and distribution of electricity 10, and part of this energy goes to the pump 8, through which the hose 11 supplies water to the tank 5, through the pipe 7 will reset the again on the surface of a pond.

This generated new waves propagating in different directions, again reflected from the parabolic edges of the concrete, hex base 3 and multistage hexagonal prisms 8, increasing its height due to their parabolic shape.

However, this process of generating waves will not be infinite. In a collision and interference of waves at each other, the process of generating waves for several rows of wave power plants 9 will fade. In this zone the water is the next group of wave power plants 9 with his wave generator 1.

In Russia the present invention can operate year-round on separated and protected from storm waves parts of the Black sea, the Baltic, the Caspian, the Western part of the Barents sea, and in the lower pools of all power stations of Russia. In all other regions of Russia, the invention can operate seasonally, from April to October.

Especially now declared the system can operate in areas with frequent rain periods, such as the Leningrad and Kaliningrad oblast, as rain water increases the volume of falling water creates on the surface of a pond more powerful and therefore more persistent and stable wave process.

The increase in the volume of water contributes installed on to the omce tank 5 cuff 6.

The present invention is a new, previously unknown, which indicates its compliance with the criteria of patentability - novelty.

Declared hydropower system can be made on any instrument-making enterprise, the average degree of technological equipment, which indicates its compliance with the criteria of patentability of industrial applicability.

Bibliography

1. New Scientist, 1997, No. 2106, p.6.

2. Journal Inventor and rationalizer No. 4, 1998, p. 24.

Hydropower system containing multi-concrete tables, arranged in two or more rows, where the tables of the second and subsequent rows are arranged in the gaps between the tables of the previous series, speed tables installed in the United unified energy system of wave power station, the floats which float on the waves, characterized in that the tables are made in the form of a multi-faceted prisms, for example hexagonal, are located around the wave generator, which is made in the form set on a concrete multi-faceted, for example hexagonal, the bottom of the post, which, on the surface of the water, placed the water tank with cuffs on its upper edge and conical spigot in the bottom, and a pump for supplying water to the tank, while the faces of the prisms and the concrete base, in contact with the water, have the shape of a parabola, all of the wave power plant is connected with a power accumulation and distribution of electricity, which is connected to the pump and the group adjacent polyhedral prisms around the wave generator are located in areas of the evanescent wave.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: energy industry.

SUBSTANCE: generator comprises multistage concrete pedestals arranged in two or more rows so that the pedestals of the second and subsequent rows are arranged in the gaps between the pedestals of the preceding rows. On the steps of the pedestals the wave power plants connected in one power system are mounted. The wave power plants are mounted on the multifaceted and multitiered prisms around the wave generator. The wave generator is made in the form of a column 3 mounted on the concrete polygonal prism 2, on which above the water surface in a magnetic bearing the rotating star-shaped, for example a four-rayed, wheel 4 is mounted. The outer end of each ray of the wheel the stone or cast iron polished ball 5 is attached by means of the connecting element 6. On the inner side surfaces of the star-shaped wheel the troughs 7 are made, the distance between which edges is greater than the diameter of the ball 5. The length of the connecting element 6 is greater than the distance from the base of horizontally disposed trough 7 of the star-shaped wheel to the water surface, but less than the depth of the water reservoir. The facets of polygonal concrete pedestal and the multifaceted prism in contact with the waves are designed according to shape of parabola. The star-shaped wheel shaft 4 is connected to the motor shaft 11 which is connected to the outlet of the unit of processing and storing electric energy, connected to a group of wave power plants. In the water reservoir the star-shaped wheel 4 is mounted so that the ball 5 is moved along its course. The connecting element 6 is made in the form of a rope or cable or cord On the water surface in the area of damped waves the similar groups of wave power plants are located.

EFFECT: ability to use various natural water reservoirs, lakes, ponds, rivers and other water areas for obtaining hydroelectric power, and increase in the efficiency of their use.

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FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: tidal-wave power plant is made on the basis of two turbines 1 and 2. Each of turbines 1 and 2 comprises at least two disks 3, connected to each other by axes 4, on which blades 5 are hingedly fixed, displacement of which is limited by main and additional fixators 6 and 7. Both turbines 1 and 2 are hingedly installed on a single axis 8, fixed in a frame 9, a part of which is fixed on the bottom, and the other part includes a site 10 on the surface, where a reducer 11 and a generator 12 are placed. In one turbine the main fixators 6 are arranged at the right side of the blades 5, while in the other turbine the main fixators 6 are located at the left side of the blades 5. Adjacent discs 3 of turbines 1 and 2 are equipped with main conical gears, between which there are additional conical gears hingedly fixed on an axis 14, which is perpendicular to the single axis 8 of turbines 1 and 2. A power takeoff shaft 13 reaching a site 10 on the surface is stiffly fixed to one of additional conical gears.

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Driving mechanism // 2478829

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: driving mechanism comprises a symmetric wing 1 arranged in an uneven flow of water with side walls 2, the axis 3 of which is installed in hinged supports 4 at rear ends of cross beams 5, connected by front ends through hinged joints 6 to a support structure 7, and also an actuating mechanism 9 connected with the axis of the wing 1 by means of a gear 8. The mechanism 9 is equipped with an elastic air cushion 11 arranged in the upper part of the wing 1 above water 10 filling its lower part 10, a lever 12, fixed on the wing 1, and vertical traction rods 13. Traction rods 13 are connected by lower ends with bearings 14 installed on the axis 3 and are attached by upper ends by means of springs 15 to the structure 7. Between the structure 7 and the lever 12 there are the following components installed in series - an elastic element 16 and a controller 17 of wing 1 position. In walls 2 there are holes 18. The top of the holes 18 is arranged below the upper point of the wing 1 profile and matches the level 19 of its filling water 10 and the lower border of the cushion 11, which is arranged in the form of an elastic shell 20, filled with air 21.

EFFECT: higher efficiency due to parametric amplification of rotary oscillations of a driving mechanism wing.

2 dwg

Wave power plant // 2478827

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: plant comprises a floating body partially filled with liquid, a flat float arranged in it, the central part of which is arranged by means of a flexible element with the body bottom. Along the line of the diameter of the upper surface of the float at the identical distance from its centre there are two stands fixed as perpendicular to the float surface. The upper end of one stand is equipped with an upper flexible element, which is tightened, wound in direction of hour hand motion onto the upper part of the coil, and the end of the wound section is fixed on it. The upper end of the other stand is equipped with a lower flexible element, which is tightened, wound in direction opposite to the hour hand motion onto the lower part of the coil, and the end of the wound section is fixed on it, besides, lengths of flexible elements are equal to each other. The coil is tightly placed onto a shaft of a vertically arranged electric generator. The middle part of the coil, the upper end of the upper part, the lower end of the lower part of the coil are equipped with flanges. In the plane of stands arrangement on the lower surface of the float with displacement from its centre there is a fin fixed.

EFFECT: higher reliability of a plant in case of wave movement direction change.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: inshore hydraulic wind-powered plant comprises a platform with a slot, fixed on sea surface in its coastal strip, a rotor plant arranged in the platform slot with location of its part under water and comprising two rotors, which are arranged in a mirror-like manner on a common shaft, mechanically connected with a power generator shaft, every of which is arranged in the form of a disc with blades in the form of aerodynamic wings, arranged with a gap relative to the common shaft, two fairings, each of which is installed on the common shaft in front of the appropriate rotor and covers the gap between the inner edges of blades, and two confusors, and an additional sunk platform fixed in front of the platform at the side of the sea. Ends of rotor blades are arranged as truncated to the axis of the common shaft. Confusors are installed at peripheral parts of ends of rotor blades to form a gap with an appropriate fairing.

EFFECT: increased fullness of joint usage of energy of swash, ebbs and air flow, and also simplified design of an inshore hydraulic wind-powered plant and its operation.

7 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

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EFFECT: simplified design of a hydraulic turbine, reduction of its dimensions and provision of the possibility to use it on small rivers and streams for power supply to individual households and farms.

3 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: wave-activated power plant comprises an energy converter including a system of gears enclosed into a body fixed on a support above the water surface capable of rotation around the vertical axis, a lever, which is connected with its one end to the gear system via a mechanism of single-sided rotation, and with the second one - to a cylindrical float. The float is equipped with a wave tail unit for alignment along with direction of waves and freely rotates on the lever axis, compensating variances of wave forces at the float ends. A generator is fixed on the support above the water surface and is connected to the energy converter.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to align the float along the direction of waves and to more efficiently convert the energy of sea waves.

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: pontoon tidal power plant comprises pontoon vertical cylindrical shells (1), generators, water intake and discharge pipes (20), a system of ropes (8) and anchors (9). Shells (1) are installed with a gap between adjacent shells along a longitudinal line, perpendicular to direction of tide (4). In the middle part of pontoon shells (1) at both sides there are ropes (8) fixed as connected to anchors (9). In the pontoon vertical cylindrical shell (1) there is a water-receiving (10) and dry (11) chambers concentrically arranged. The water-receiving chamber (10) is divided by a partition (12) into sections. In each section there are outlet nozzles (13), a perforated flow distributor (14), a central perforated riser (16), an inlet nozzle (19) of a discharge pipe (20). Outlet nozzles (13) are installed tangentially for flow swirling. The flow distributor (14) is made as a truncated cone with an open upper base and a lower base (15) closed by a wall. The perforated riser (16) is made in the form of a pipe. The lower hole (17) of the pipe is opened, and the upper one is connected to a fish-discharge pipe (18). A dotted line (26) shows position of the pontoon vertical cylindrical shell (1) at the maximum level of water in the sea.

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4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

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FIELD: energy industry.

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FIELD: electricity.

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2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: device is designed for technological creation of discharge in the tidal water area between sea and the pond with an isolating dam and passing of water flow moving under action of this discharge via turbine tracts of the TPP building. The complex of main hydraulic engineering structures of a single-pond tidal power plant (TPP) includes a TPP building comprising float-on blocks (1), and an isolating dam of the TPP, which comprises connecting dams (2). The isolating dam has water-passing blocks (5), to which float-on TPP blocks excluded from the discharge front are joined.

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11 cl, 4 dwg, 1 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: hydroelectric power includes dam, partitioning part of wave-shaping water area with head wall which has inclined slope on the side of water area, with ridge located above its average level, and hydraulic unit consisting of hydraulic turbine and hydraulic generator. Hydroelectric power plant is also equipped with additional dam forming the second reservoir in which hydraulic unit is installed. Water lifting device supplying the water to the second reservoir from the first reservoir is installed in the first reservoir. Head wall is arranged on the side which is opposite to connection of dam to shore of wave-shaping water area.

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3 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: device includes several cylindrical shell supports arranged on sea shelves, system of supply and drain pipelines, hydraulic generators. Cylindrical shell supports are installed in a row with clearance for water passage along line perpendicular to direction of tidal and ebb currents. Cavity of cylindrical shell support is divided along vertical line into several tiers, for instance into 2 and more, to locate pipelines and hydraulic generators. Supply pipeline passes perpendicularly along diagonal line, and drain pipeline - along diagonal line parallel to line of installation of cylindrical shell supports. At the same time ends of these pipelines communicate with sea, and hydraulic generators are arranged on drain pipelines.

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2 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: device for generating supplementary hydropower includes hydraulic power station in the water zone of afterbay of which there installed are islands made in the form of many-staged concrete pedestals located in two and more rows; at that, pedestals of the second and subsequent rows are located in gaps between pedestals of preceding rows. On steps of pedestals there installed are wave electric stations combined into common power system and the floats of which float on waves.

EFFECT: providing the possibility of continuous operation of wave electric stations within a year.

1 dwg

Tidal power plant // 2361038

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention is intended for conversion of sea tides energy. Power plant comprises body with open inlet and outlet installed on vertical shafts of rotation connected to power generators, hydraulic turbines in the form of drums, on external surfaces of which vanes are fixed. At body inlet and outlet vertical shields are installed, which direct tide flow to vanes of hydraulic turbines with provision of their rotation. Drum representing hydraulic turbine consists of cones connected with bases, on external surfaces of which vanes are fixed along helical line so that beginning of each vane on lower top of drum cone is displaced along with its rotation direction relative to the end of vane at the second upper top by 1-2 steps of vanes. On lower cone parts of drum vanes have shape of rotation in the form of cylinder, and in upper part of drum vanes repeat cone shape during rotation, which is increased by double value of vane. On lower cone part of drum, which makes 1/3 of the whole drum, number of vanes is doubled, and width of passage hole between drums in lower part is equal to double size of vane in the area of drum cone bases connection. Rotary vertical stems of tidal shields are installed from longitudinal axis of body symmetry on both sides at distance, which does not exceed diametre of drum lower part rotation, and ebb shields - from side of body at the distance equal to radius of drum lower part rotation.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of tide energy conversion into electric energy.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydroenergetics, to low pressure flows of seas, rivers and water outlets of hydro electric stations and reservoirs. A tidal hydroelectric plant contains a cylindrical body of the machine compartment with a gear box and electric generator of the tail hydroturbine with arms, mounted on its axis and the axis of rotation. On the upper part of the body is fixed a flat pylon, on the end of the pivot system and the axis of rotation. The body is suspended on a crossbeam in the passage of the catamaran for lifting the power station to the level of the servicing platform on the grooves of the support bridge pier, connected by the arch with a lifting mechanism. Arms of the hydroturbine are made short and wide sweptforward on the leading edge and with a concave surface in the form of a parabolic curve, and a convex surface of the tailpiece perforated with slanting slits.

EFFECT: reduces the depth of the low pressure power stations, increases the hydrodynamic quality of the hydroturbines arms, and ensures periodic lifting of the power station from the water.

3 cl, 4 dwg

Pneumatic converter // 2230852
The invention relates to transducers sea wave energy into electrical energy, the device may also perform the function of the breakwater

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydroenergetics, to low pressure flows of seas, rivers and water outlets of hydro electric stations and reservoirs. A tidal hydroelectric plant contains a cylindrical body of the machine compartment with a gear box and electric generator of the tail hydroturbine with arms, mounted on its axis and the axis of rotation. On the upper part of the body is fixed a flat pylon, on the end of the pivot system and the axis of rotation. The body is suspended on a crossbeam in the passage of the catamaran for lifting the power station to the level of the servicing platform on the grooves of the support bridge pier, connected by the arch with a lifting mechanism. Arms of the hydroturbine are made short and wide sweptforward on the leading edge and with a concave surface in the form of a parabolic curve, and a convex surface of the tailpiece perforated with slanting slits.

EFFECT: reduces the depth of the low pressure power stations, increases the hydrodynamic quality of the hydroturbines arms, and ensures periodic lifting of the power station from the water.

3 cl, 4 dwg

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