Production of sandwiched article and sandwiched article thus made
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to laminar articles based on, for example, cardboard. Laminar article, particularly, sandwiched sensor package comprises at least three plies of paper and/or cardboard, and/or leather, and/or metal, and/or polymer, and/or glass, and/or plastic. Proposed method comprises step-by-step production of liner, its processing by varnishing and/or lamination, and/or embossing, and/or creasing. Mid carcass ply is made from dense cardboard in thickness making at least 3 mm with recesses for wiring the electronic multimedia components. Patterns can be applied to said liner by offset and silk-screen processes, hot embossing, relief stamping or making the raised elements. The article thus produced has the case with built-in display and/or loudspeaker, power supply, control and electronic P.C.B. interconnected in common circuit. Power supply can be composed by storage battery or solar battery. The case outer surface can be equipped with exposed or concealed USB-port connected with electronic p.c.b. and power supply to charging and adding data to electronic p.c.b. memory while control element is composed by sensor of opening, and/or motion transducer and/or control button.
EFFECT: perfected method.
14 cl, 7 ex, 2 dwg
The invention relates to the manufacture of multilayer multifunctional products, including paper, cardboard, polymer, etc., for example, for packaging.
Closest to the claimed is described in EN 31775 interactive packaging, made in the form of a box with attached lid, characterized in that on the inner side of the hinged cover fixed flat display that is connected to the input of the information center via a radio channel and the control unit display, and other input information center is connected with a touch panel mounted on the front face of the box.
A disadvantage of the known technical solution is that there is no elaborate technology to create such a product.
The present invention solves the technical task of creating a complete technology layered products, in particular multi-layer touch packaging.
The technical problem and the technical result is achieved by a method of manufacturing a multilayer articles containing at least three layers of paper and/or cardboard and/or leather and/or metal and/or polymer and/or glass and/or plastic, which includes manufacturing, measures at one layer of the liner on an offset printing machine using paints, post-processing of the liner by La the financing and/or lamination, and/or embossing, cutting and/or cutting and/or cutting niches, and the outer face of the liner is prepared printed coated with aromatic and/or tactile and/or embossed relief items, and put through the press marks on the back side for subsequent gluing of the basis elements trunking with multimedia equipment, cutting - creasing carry on stamping press, so that one shot is the complete formation of the front liner, medium frame layer made of a dense type of cardboard with a minimum thickness of 3 mm, which also conduct cutting technology holes, grooves and niches for subsequent installation of electronic multimedia components, make the inner liner, similar to the front, then make finishing the Assembly of the layered products.
Optionally, the method may include the following symptoms:
- put the image on the liner offset, silk screen methods, hot stamping, embossing and stamping;
- conduct process printing numbering, coating, applying a different texture paints, with additions of various pigments, such as glitter, aromatase etc.;
- printing process may be applied to the image on the internal box (lodgement);
- on the outer liner is applied relief E. the elements, made relief and/or blind embossing and/or by applying a tactile varnish.
The problem is solved through manufactured as described above, the multilayer articles comprising a casing, with built-in display and/or speaker, power supply, control and electronic cards, and a control element, connected in a common schema.
Additionally, the technical result is achieved in that the layered product is characterized by additional features:
- housing from the outside of the treated aromatic lacquer and/or paint;
the fragrance reveals itself when touched and/or light friction;
as the power source of the used battery or a solar battery;
- on the outer surface of the body is open and/or hidden usb port connected with the electronic circuit Board and a power source, and is designed to recharge and add information in the electronic memory card;
display, speakers, and controls protected from deformation and/or physical action;
as a control using the sensor opening and/or the motion sensor and/or control buttons.
The method is illustrated by drawings, which shows the main elements of the product.
Figure 1 shows:
1 - Board management controller RACK
2-Card player TCH_CH7302_V2.0
3 - Display
4 - Battery EEPS LP 385590
5 - Flavor
6 is the Button
7 - Button mute
8 - Socket charging socket miniUSB
9, 10 - Speaker system.
Figure 2 shows:
1 - Board management controller RACK
2 - Card player TCH_CH7302_V2.0
3 - Display
4 - Battery EEPS LP 385590
5 - Flavor
6 is the Button
7 - Button mute
8 - Socket charging socket miniUSB
9, 10 - Speaker system
11, 12 LEDs backlight.
The method is as follows.
Build multimedia components.
According to the developed scheme assemble design of the components (display, speakers, control Board, sensors on/off, antenna, solar panels, heating elements, cooling elements, batteries, items spray fragrance, microphone, touch sensors, and other possible electronic components), components connected by soldering wires, fixation loops, connectors fixed and fixed between themselves according to the developed scheme. The set of components is selected depending on the order.
The process of construction.
Assemble the structural elements in the semis by fixing the adhesive and lay the wires and loops in a pre-cut holes and niches.
If the lid of the product prisutstvuyuschie elements, it shows the contacts of connectors for coupling these elements together.
Conduct technology drying, the drying time is 5-10 minutes, and carry out testing of the performance of all elements.
Then the liner is placed on the vacuum table face down on a pre-printed process labels. The operator causes the glue and glues the elements of the basis (skeleton skeleton), equipped with multimedia equipment.
The inner liner is its primary function to protect the box from the inside and close all the elements of the Assembly multimedia snap.
Glued the inner liner, depending on the design, it can be pasted before the formation of the boxes, and may be after.
Conduct technology drying, drying time - 2-3 hours, and carry out testing of all systems.
Put glue on the expansion valve boxes, is the bonding and the formation of products.
In the same way made the cover of the box. In the lid of the box can be inserted items charging (solar battery), various sensors on the opening, the touch.
After the formation of the boxes and lids (gluing, Assembly) resist process drying time - 2-3 hours and carry out testing of all systems.
After the build process is supervised by the technical monitoring of performance and the quality of the sample.
Claimed process during all stages of production receive the final product, which can be the packaging of various shapes and configurations (e.g. cap-bottom, Tulip, book, transformer, box, book-valve and so on), and POS material (P.O.S or POSm), such as shelf talkers, wobblers, price tags, stoppers, promotional stands, dispensers, plastic trays, boxes, labels, stickers, decorative magnets, coasters mugs, cups, glasses, posters, plastic folders, portfolios, labels, calendars, greeting cards, notepads, rulers, key rings, bookmarks, and other souvenir items.
The main stages of the method:
1. The production of structural (printed or otherwise) of product.
2. Assembly of electronic component parts of the product.
3. Final Assembly of the product.
1. The production of structural parts of the product
For starters produce a seal liner. The print is produced on an offset printing machine using paints on various materials.
The next step further post-processing of the liner. It can include operations such as:
coating the surface of the sheet layer continuous or selective varnish (produced on the coating machine)
miscellaneous film (produced on the laminator),
POPs is the W on paper, cardboard or polymeric material image using pressure hot stamp, sometimes using special foil or paint. Perhaps different types of stamping - foil stamping, blind embossing, hot stamping. Is on TINLEY machine.
Giving the product a desired shape with the bend lines, is used for this stamp for cutting. Produced by machine for cutting.
Giving the product a complex configuration. Made on a special die-cutting presses with knives with cutting edge required path.
Cutting of course the production is made by cutting machine.
Also in the role of the design of the product can be manufactured from materials such as wood, metal, plastic, plexiglass, glass, various polymers. To manufacture these products use different equipment (heating, flexion, stamping, welding, cutting, equipment for engraving).
Example 1 (production multisensing boxes - boxes).
Take coated glossy paper thickness of 200 g brand Maxigloss and make it print paint PowerStar four colors: Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black on an offset printing machine brand MAN Rolan 304. Next printed sheet laminate matte film thickness of 32 MIC is on the laminator brand YDFM-720. Then on the sheet to produce the embossed gold foil stamps leohnard Kurz on TINLEY car brand BOBST 1020. Next on the sheet put the figure colorless tactile varnish brand Ambas. Machine for cutting brand BOBST 1020 cut from cardboard of a thickness of 3 mm mark Carr blanks for boxes. From these blanks manually collect the design of the box, the lid and bottom. In individual elements of the box-lodgement paste the sheets of paper to give the aesthetic appearance. Next on the design (lid and bottom) by the hands of paste printed sheet of paper. After that, in the assembled carton insert electronic device unit manufactured according to example 4. Then stick with the last layer of the liner and insert the lodgement, and product - multi-touch box - box ready.
Example 2 (production of multi-box - lid-bottom).
Take coated matte paper with a thickness of 150 GM brand Maxisilk and laminate it metalized PET film brand a thickness of 12 microns on the laminator brand YDFM-720. Next, the obtained sheet is made print in two colors brand PANTONE, the color Blue 072 and 073 With on an offset printing machine brand MAN Rolan 304. Then the cover sheet UV clear varnish brand EL 785 car brand PLANET. After that make blind embossing pattern on the machine BOBST brand 1020. Machine for cutting brand BOBST 1020 cut from cardboard of a thickness of 3 mm mA is key Carr blanks for boxes. From these blanks manually collect the design of the box lid and bottom. In individual elements of the box-lodgement paste the sheets of paper to give the aesthetic appearance. Next on the design (lid and bottom) by the hands of paste printed sheet of paper. After that, in the assembled carton insert electronic device unit manufactured according to example 5. Then stick with the last layer of the liner and insert the lodgement, and product - multi-touch box - lid-bottom ready.
Example 3 (production of multi-touch POS material - selftaken).
Use design of acrylic brand PLEXIGLAS SATINICE design for POS material shelftalker. Insert electronic device (unit), made according to example 6. Close the electronic unit is a piece of plexiglass, and product - multi-touch POS material - selftaken ready.
2. Assembly and the electronics device in the product.
E-part of a multi-sensor package consists of a player, flavor, lights, thermostat, power supply and controller.
The structure and algorithm of multi packaging next.
The player with the sound system when the controller reproduces the uploaded content.
Via the touch screen or buttons on the packaging, the user can select the interest of the General part of the content (advertising, instruction, interactive). The player can be with built-in projector.
The flavor, when applying the controller supply voltage, selects pairs of aromatic essences that enhance the effect of blown out with microventilation.
The backlight is controlled by the controller, highlights in the package the product and creates a variety of lighting effects. Lights can have its own controller to control the light-emitting devices.
thermostat is used for temperature changes of the packaging signal from the controller using Peltier modules or heating elements.
The power source is online or offline, of rechargeable or disposable batteries or a single element.
The controller is designed to control the player, flavor, temperature, lighting, as well as for the accumulation and transmission of information about the response of the sensors, the use of controls. The controller activates the attached devices depending on external factors, for example, when motion is detected before the package includes the player, and illumination, if the package picked up, turns on the built-in flavor and thermostat. Equipment controller sensors and the algorithm can be arbitrary. The PLA is e controller, which can be integrated with card player, a microprocessor with special software, it can be connected:
microelectromechanical (MEMS) accelerometer and / or gyroscope to detect movement of the packaging,
infrared sensor (via operational amplifier or directly to the microprocessor for detecting movement before packaging,
ultrasonic transmitter with receiver for detecting movement before packaging,
opening sensor packaging,
buttons and control switches,
capacitive sensor for detecting movement or touch,
interface for wireless data exchange
buttons and switches to control the device
connectors for battery charging and / or its connection with the replacement battery.
All components are interconnected and assembled in the previously made designs.
Example 4 (production of electronic unit).
The electronic unit consists of a baseboard management controller RACK, card player TCH_CH7302_V2.0 with display, two speakers TRI 40N-B 8Ω 0.5 W, battery EEPS LP385590, connector for charging - miniUSB socket, switch buttons and volume control, flavoring and connecting wires. For the Assembly of the electronic unit connecting wires to p the ATA controller attached by soldering Board player TCH_CH7302_V2.0 with display, two speakers TRI 40N-B 8Ω 0,5W, battery EEPS LP385590, connector for charging - miniUSB socket, power button and volume control and flavoring.
Example 5 (production of electronic unit with heater).
The electronic unit with the heater consists of a baseboard management controller RACK, card player TCH_CH7302_V2.0 with display, two speakers TRI 40N-B 8Ω 0.5 W, battery EEPS LP8867220P, connector for charging - miniUSB socket, switch buttons and volume control, flavoring, heater and connecting wires. For the Assembly of the electronic unit connecting wires to the controller Board attached by soldering Board player TCH_CH7302_V2.0 with display, two speakers TRI 40N-B 8Ω 0.5 W, battery EEPS LP 8867220P, connector for charging - miniUSB socket, power button and volume control, flavor and heater.
Example 6 (production of electronic unit with backlight).
The electronic unit consists of a baseboard management controller RACK, card player TCH_CH7302_V2.0 with display, two speakers TM 40N-B 8Ω 0.5 W, battery EEPS LP545590, connector for charging - miniUSB socket, switch buttons and volume control, flavoring, led lights, and connecting wires. For the Assembly of the electronic unit connecting wires to the controller Board attached PA is coy card player TCH_CH7302_V2.0 with display, two speakers TRI 40N-B 8Ω, 0.5 W, battery EEPS LP 545590, connector for charging - miniUSB socket, power button and volume control, led lights, and flavoring.
When the final Assembly of the construction perform a health check and control the quality of the product.
In the production of the following materials are used.
1. Printed material:
- Cardboard from 180 to 400 g (binding, Kappa paper, packaging (pulp),
- Coated paper from 80 to 350 g (glossy, matte),
- Self-adhesive paper (glossy, matte),
- Offset paper from 80 to 200 g,
- Oil paint,
- Folic paint,
- Paint UV curing.
- Oil varnish (glossy, matte),
- VD varnish (gloss, matte),
UV varnish (gloss, matte),
- Lacquer with special effects (smell, tactile).
4. Film for lamination:
- Glossy film,
- Metallized film.
5. Foil stamping:
- Glossy foil,
- Holographic foil.
6. Other materials:
- garment accessories (fabric, lace, ribbons),
decorative accessories (corners, handles, locks, handles).
Types of boxes that can be used (7 species): cover-bottom,box, Tulip, book, book-valve, sash, transformer.
Plugins: LSG contain flat screen TV, speakers, aromatase, solar battery equipped with a battery, motion sensor, touch sensor.
Example 7 (with motion sensor).
Box on a shelf is included in the standby mode. When triggered, the motion sensor (the range of 2 meters, the angle of coverage motion sensor is 90 degrees) is reproduced video and audio - video played 1 times. If the movement continues, it starts repeat playback. It can start with the set interval of time (0 seconds to several hours).
1. A method of manufacturing a multi-layer media product, comprising a housing made of three layers of material selected from the group of: paper, cardboard, leather, comprising printing at least one liner on an offset printing machine using paints, post-processing of the liner by coating and/or lamination, and/or embossing, cutting and/or cutting and/or cutting niches, and the outer face of the liner is prepared printed coated with aromatic and/or tactile and/or embossed relief items and put through the press marks on the back side of for subsequent gluing of the basis elements boxes with multimedia Osnat is Oh, cutting - creasing carry on stamping press so that one stroke is complete the formation of the front liner, medium frame layer made of a dense type of cardboard with a minimum thickness of 3 mm, which are cut blanks for boxes with holes, grooves and niches for subsequent installation of electronic multimedia components, make the inner liner, similar to the front, then make finishing the Assembly of the layered products.
2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that it is applied to the image on the liner offset, silk screen methods, hot stamping, embossing and stamping.
3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that hold, process printing numbering, coating, applying a different texture paints with additions of various pigments, such as glitter, aromatase.
4. The method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the printing process can be applied to the image on the internal box (lodgement).
5. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the outer liner put embossed elements, embossing and/or blind embossing and/or by applying a tactile varnish.
6. Multi-layer media product made by the method according to any one of claims 1 to 5, comprising a casing, with built-in display and/or speaker, a light source is kOhm power, management and e-cards and a control element, connected in a common schema.
7. The multilayer product according to claim 6, characterized in that the housing from the outside of the treated aromatic lacquer and/or paint.
8. The multilayer product according to claim 7, characterized in that the fragrance appears when touched and/or light friction.
9. The multilayer product according to any one of p-8, characterized in that as the power source of the used battery.
10. The multilayer product according to any one of p-8, characterized in that the power supply uses a solar battery.
11. The multilayer product according to any one of p-8, characterized in that on the outer surface of the body is open and/or hidden usb port connected with the electronic circuit Board and a power source, and is designed to recharge and add information in the electronic memory card.
12. The multilayer product according to any one of p-8, characterized in that the display, speakers, and controls protected from deformation and/or physical action.
13. The multilayer product according to any one of p-8, characterized in that the control uses a sensor opening and/or the motion sensor and/or control buttons.
14. The multilayer product according to any one of p-12, characterized in that it further made of the of materials, selected from the group of: metal, polymer, glass, plastic.
FIELD: packaging industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a container with improved capturable surface and, in particular, a container comprising a housing and a lid. The object of the invention is to provide a container having capturable surfaces, which enable an easier opening and closing of the container. The container comprises a housing and a lid. The lid has an upper part and a lower hollow cylindrical part, and an outer layer of a material softer than a lower hollow cylindrical part, is connected to the outer surface of the lower hollow cylindrical part. The outer layer preferably covers substantially the entire surface of the lower hollow cylindrical part. In addition, the container housing has one or more capturable surfaces in the form of zones with relatively higher coefficients of friction. The container also comprises a lid threadably secured to the threaded hole. At that the lid is made of plastic or polymer material. At that the container is made with the ability of opening by clamping the skirt with one hand and clamping the strip at the part of the housing with the other hand.
EFFECT: creation of a container having capturable surfaces which enable an easier opening and closing of the container.
12 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: packaging industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for storage and twisting in rolls of sheet materials for various purposes, in particular, cellular polycarbonate sheets. The device comprises a cylindrical element (1) fixed on the base and the supports (2, 3) fixed at its ends, with axes for mounting the device (6) for winding with its placement inside the cylindrical element (1), at that one support (3) is made removable.
EFFECT: invention provides easy storage and transportation of the sheet material and its mechanised twisting into rolls for extraction from the cylindrical element.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: packing industry.
SUBSTANCE: protective case is designed for protection of padlocks of general purpose of all types against external effect of environment. When the proposed protective case is used, environmental effect at padlocks is reduced, and their service life increases.
EFFECT: reduced costs of consumers, in connection with increase service life of padlocks.
6 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to packages for eggs. The invention object is to increase the flexural rigidity and stability during stacking of the package, reduction of the contact of the eggs, ventilation of the package. The package for eggs comprises a base in the form of a tray in which two rows or more cells for the eggs are made, and also dividing stops placed in a tray between the cells, ring-shaped dampers at the bottom of the cells in the form of ring-shaped grooves directed inside the cells. And along the perimetre of the tray a reinforcement rib in the form of a flanging is made. Each cell is made with a shape of smoothly mating spherical surfaces close to the form of eggs, the bottom part of each cell is made cylinder-shaped in the bottom of which a ring-shaped groove is made, which is a ring-shaped damper. The bottom parts of all the cells are connected to each other with jumpers to form a ring-shaped reinforcement rib in this part of the tray, separating stops between the cells are made in the form of projections of a height not exceeding the height of the tray. On the tray flanging along the perimetre the distantly located projections are made oriented in the direction from the flanging to form channels for ventilation.
EFFECT: increased flexural rigidity and stability during stacking of the package, reduction of the contact between eggs, ventilation of the package.
3 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: polymer composition contains polyethylene terephthalate, titanium oxide and iron oxide. The weight ratio of titanium oxide to iron oxide ranges from 150 to 250.
EFFECT: invention enables to obtain food containers with improved characteristics with respect to light absorption and reflection, improved light-protective properties.
8 dwg, 4 tbl
FIELD: transport, package.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hardware intended for killing harmful effects of spillage or release of chemicals. Proposed device comprises first container with closed chamber with negative pressure and inlet for external harmful chemicals. Proposed device comprises second container fitted and secured in said first container. Note here that said second container contains, in fact, safe liquefied gas and has opening communicated with ambient medium for control purposes.
EFFECT: higher safety.
10 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: transport, package.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to tare for sweets or similar confectionery. The aim of invention is to simplify apron structure while keeping possibility to pile aprons and to disassemble this pile. The apron represents plastic tray and is made in plane as rectangular with multiple cells. Each of the cells represents cavity with bottom oriented downwards in apron operational position. In this structure, the cells are located in groups so that each group of cells consists of two cells the geometrical centres of which are located in plane symmetrically relative to point where diagonals of the mentioned rectangular intersect. Hereat, cell height is less than apron height. Additionally, in the places free from cells the apron has oriented upwards in apron operational position hollow vertical projections located in groups. Each group of projections consists of two projections the geometrical centres of which are located in plane symmetrically relative to point where diagonals of the mentioned rectangular intersect. Hereat, projections of each group of projections are made with different height and with mating geometry. Smaller projection of group may be freely placed in the cavity of larger projection of the group, and top part of larger projection of the group may be freely placed in the cavity of smaller projection of the group.
EFFECT: simplification of apron structure while keeping possibility to pile aprons and to disassemble this pile.
FIELD: transport, package.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to containers provided with dispensers. Proposed dispenser comprises case with carcass, flexible top wall and bottom wall. Said walls are retained by carcass. Note here that flexible top wall and bottom wall define container inner volume. Proposed dispenser comprises additionally a cover jointed with top flexible wall to open on pivoting thereon. It includes also sealant to tightly secure the cover to case, work part and handle. Note here that said sealant may be broken to open said cover, hence, to allow dispensing container contents.
EFFECT: efficient dispenser, savings of plastic material.
32 cl, 157 dwg
FIELD: personal use articles.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to disposable means for tea brewing and other infusions. Disposable device is a sieve for tea brewing, it includes a rigid base with a folding line which folds along the folding line after brewing tea, easily deforming moisture-permeable brewing container and a spinning mechanism of threads laid on the surface of the moisture-permeable container of the sieve, which by the method of pulling the threads enables to press the tea leaves which are inside the sieve, after it was folded.
EFFECT: easy to use.
13 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, in particular, to veterinary and sanitary helminthology. The device for determining the survival of eggs of nematodes in liquid manure is made up of plastic containers with volume of 1 litre or more, which upper part is cut on three quarters of the circumference to form a hinged lid. Holes in the upper and middle parts are made, as well as in the walls and bottom of the containers to close and sink them to the desired depth. The containers are interconnected through the required intervals with a twine made of synthetic material, which is attached to the load and a float.
EFFECT: invention is characterised with simple design and ease of use.
FIELD: vehicles meant for shipment and/or storage of explosion-hazard and radioactive materials.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device has container and shock mounts; container covers and walls constitute shielding enclosure that has at least two alternating shielding layers made of metal and high-temperature rubber with holes, as well as clearance between shielding layers communicating with inner space of container through non-return valves; container cover mounts pressure-reducing valve with filter for equalizing gage pressure within container and environmental pressure preventing pollution of environment; shielding screen is inserted in container inner space to prevent damage to shielding enclosure by fragment formed as result of material explosion.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability of shielding transported gas under normal operating conditions and in emergency situations.
1 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: handling environmentally hazardous materials.
SUBSTANCE: proposed facility for shipment and/or storage of explosive, radioactive, and toxic cargo has container and shock absorbers. Container covers and walls are shielded by external and internal shells that have alternating metal and heat-resistant rubber layers with holes. Inner surface of internal shell and outer surface of external shell are covered with swelling fire-proof material layers. Space between covers, walls, and internal shell of container communicates through nonreturn valves with internal space of container. Container cover has pressure-reducing valve with filter that functions to equalize gage pressure inside container with ambient pressure.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability of handled cargo protection under normal operating conditions and in emergency situations.
1 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: packages, particularly boxes for sweets and other confectionery.
SUBSTANCE: correx comprises fixing surface director. The director defines flat closed figure created by superposition of three conditional figures, namely circle, ellipse and rectangle, so that geometrical centers thereof are in one point which is center of the director.
EFFECT: increased efficiency.
FIELD: packing containers, particularly impact-resistant containers adapted to store different items.
SUBSTANCE: container comprises two opened shells formed as solids of revolution and brought into releasable contact trough ring-shaped members. The opened shells include semi-ellipsoids made of molded recycled paper mass. Outer surfaces of each shell or inner surfaces thereof are formed with visible shape deviations. Ring-shaped members are made as cylindrical belts located at shell edges. Inner annular surface of belt connected to one shell cooperates with outer annular surface of belt located on another shell.
EFFECT: increased environmental safety, possibility to neutralize hazardous electrostatic stress, increased manufacturability and impact-resistance, improved spatial rigidity, possibility of naturally degradable materials usage for container production.
7 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials.
SUBSTANCE: vessel has walls, neck, bottom and lid made as double-layer members and produced of different materials, including ones provided with coatings. Layers are connected so that a space is defined between the layers. The space is filled special-purpose medium having necessary properties. One layer is thin and pliable so that above layer and special-purpose medium serve as shock-absorbing means during vessel transportation or in the case of dynamic force application to the vessel. The vessel is divided into separate compartments adapted for simultaneous storing and transportation of products placed in the compartments.
EFFECT: increased strength, possibility of vessel usage in extreme cases and in specific climatic environment.
FIELD: packing materials.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to polymeric films and it can be used to protect ferrous and non-ferrous metals and articles made of said metals from atmosphere corrosion in process of transportation and storage. Proposed packing material in form of polymeric film includes polyolefin with addition of hydrogen absorber, product of company Ciba-SchelfplusO2 2400 to increase barrier for penetration of oxygen, high density polyethylene, grade FL5580 produced by Borealis company featuring high barrier properties to penetration of water vapors, and modifier. Six-component complex of volatile corrosion inhibitors in form of superconcetrate of Cesa-Cor 9103 is used as modifier which contains no nitrates, and contact inhibitor cyclohexylamine chromate at the following ratio of components, mass %: six-component complex of volatile corrosion inhibitors in form of superconcentrate Cesa-Cor 9103-0.1-5.0; contact inhibitor - cyclohezylamine chromate 1.0-2.0; oxygen absorber SchelfplusO2 - 2.0 - 10.0; polyethylene FL 5580 - 10.0 - 40/0; polyolefin - the rest. When using proposed packing material, active inhibitors, evaporating, migrate in to all cavities and irregularities with subsequent condensing on metal surface. If moisture gets onto surface, molecules of inhibitor hydrolyze and protective ions are attracted to surface of metal, thus forming thin protective film. Packing material with volatile corrosion inhibitor can be used in transportation and storage of ferrous and non-ferrous metals and their alloys. Moreover, complex of volatile corrosion inhibitors migrate on protected surface quicker than other similar inhibitors, thus creating high pressure of protective vapors.
EFFECT: improved corrosion protection of metals.
4 cl, 3 ex
FIELD: transport engineering; containers for protected loads.
SUBSTANCE: proposed container has outer metal shell provided with metal layer, thermal protection and inner space. Inner space consists of housing made up of semihousings and thermal protection made of wood. Housings of inner space of semihousing are double layer ones, consisting of outer metal shell and inner layer made of heat-resistant nonmetallic material. Inner surface of metal shell in zone of butt joint is made cylindrical. Height of inner cylindrical part of metal shell is 1.5-3.5 of length of butt joint fasteners. Cylindrical surface of metal shell changes into spherical surface. Spherical part of metal shell of semihousings is 0.1-0.4 of thickness of end face part of metal shell of semihousing. Heat-resistant nonmetallic layer follows shape of outer shell and is made in cylindrical part with variable thickness. Relative to end face part of metal shell, thickness of nonmetallic layer from place of butt joint is from 0.1-0.4 to 0.6-1.5. In spherical part, thickness of heat-resistant nonmetallic layer is constant, being 0.6-1.5 relative to end face part of metal shell.
EFFECT: increased sealing of inner space and safety of carried load.
FIELD: technological processes; chemistry.
SUBSTANCE: package material with volatile corrosion inhibitor has a form of hose, half-hose or canvas with thickness of 80-250 mcm. It includes polyolefin or polyolefin mix and "ВНХ-Л-20" volatile corrosion inhibitor dispersed in "ФМТ" contact corrosion inhibitor at the following component rate, mass % : "ВНХ-Л-20" volatile corrosion inhibitor - 0.13-1.13; "ФМТ" contact corrosion inhibitor - 0.80-2.2; the rest is polyolefin or polyolefin mix. Package material can include both one and several layers due to co-extrusion, pasting, lamination. Tests proved ant-corrosion effect of the film, particularly in conservation of pipes, steel bridge fastening bolts, steel ball bearing pin rolls (without lubricant). Production conserved by this method is delivered to customer and can resist corrosion for 1 year at least, or can be stored at a heated/cold storehouse (at room temperature of over +5°C and under +55°C) resisting corrosion for up to 5 years.
EFFECT: increased product life span without corrosion.
8 tbl, 11 ex
FIELD: technological processes.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of package materials, namely, to multi-layer polymer films for food products, and may be used in food industry, and also in agriculture and household use. Package is made of multi-layer film material that includes several layers from polymer components and internal layer adjacent to product that contains polyolefine and modifier. At that as modifier of internal layer, synergetic mixture is used that consists of sodium salt of dehydroacetic acid, calcium lactate or citrate and calcium ethylene diamine tetraacetate with the following ratio of components, wt %: synergetic mixture of sodium salt of dehydroacetic acid, calcium lactate or citrate and calcium ethylene diamine tetraacetatet - 0.5-5.0, polyolefine - the rest. As polyolefine polyethylene is used with high or low density, or propylene, or their mixture, or copolymers of ethylene with propylene or with higher olefins, or vinyl acetate or their mixtures and alloys. Such package has higher protective properties, including antioxidant action, is able to more efficiently suppress microorganisms.
EFFECT: production of package with higher protective properties that is able to more efficiently suppress microorganisms.
5 cl, 6 ex
FIELD: packaging industry.
SUBSTANCE: box for oblong items has longitudinal axis which is located horizontally when box is worn. The box consists of a body having rear, front and side walls coupled with bottom element, valve for body closing from above and locks for valve holding in the body in its closed position. There is a slot in the front wall which crosses the whole wall and separates them into parts. The slot also crosses bottom element.
EFFECT: invention ensures easy use of box.
2 cl, 1 dwg