Generator of hydroelectric power

FIELD: energy industry.

SUBSTANCE: generator comprises multistage concrete pedestals arranged in two or more rows so that the pedestals of the second and subsequent rows are arranged in the gaps between the pedestals of the preceding rows. On the steps of the pedestals the wave power plants connected in one power system are mounted. The wave power plants are mounted on the multifaceted and multitiered prisms around the wave generator. The wave generator is made in the form of a column 3 mounted on the concrete polygonal prism 2, on which above the water surface in a magnetic bearing the rotating star-shaped, for example a four-rayed, wheel 4 is mounted. The outer end of each ray of the wheel the stone or cast iron polished ball 5 is attached by means of the connecting element 6. On the inner side surfaces of the star-shaped wheel the troughs 7 are made, the distance between which edges is greater than the diameter of the ball 5. The length of the connecting element 6 is greater than the distance from the base of horizontally disposed trough 7 of the star-shaped wheel to the water surface, but less than the depth of the water reservoir. The facets of polygonal concrete pedestal and the multifaceted prism in contact with the waves are designed according to shape of parabola. The star-shaped wheel shaft 4 is connected to the motor shaft 11 which is connected to the outlet of the unit of processing and storing electric energy, connected to a group of wave power plants. In the water reservoir the star-shaped wheel 4 is mounted so that the ball 5 is moved along its course. The connecting element 6 is made in the form of a rope or cable or cord On the water surface in the area of damped waves the similar groups of wave power plants are located.

EFFECT: ability to use various natural water reservoirs, lakes, ponds, rivers and other water areas for obtaining hydroelectric power, and increase in the efficiency of their use.

3 dwg

 

The invention relates to hydropower and, in particular, can be used to produce additional electricity in different areas of water.

A known problem of growing scarcity of energy resources due to the growth of its consumption.

A device for additional hydropower containing the hydro-power in the waters downstream of which are multi-stage concrete pedestals, installed in two or more rows and in between the previous series, speed tables installed in the United unified energy system of wave power station, the floats which float on the waves, see RF patent №2394960, IV 9/08 from 21.01.2009.

However, the known device is of limited use, i.e. it can be used in the region adjacent to the station.

The aim of the present invention is to achieve a technical result on the expansion of the use of various natural reservoirs, lakes, ponds, rivers and other bodies of water for hydroelectric power generation and to improve the efficiency of their use.

This technical result is ensured by the fact that in the known device, containing United in the unified energy system of wave power station installed on mnogostupenchataya concrete tables, located in two or more rows, and the wave power plant the second and subsequent rows are arranged in the intervals between wave power plants of the previous series, a wave power plant to place on the multi-faceted and multi-tiered prisms around the wave generator, which is made in the form installed on concrete polygonal prism pole, which is above the surface of the water to set in the magnetic bearing of a rotating star, for example, four-pointed, wheel, to the outer end of each beam wheel to attach via a connecting element stone or polished cast iron ball; on the inner side surfaces of the star wheel is invited to perform gutters, the distance between the edges of which is larger than the diameter of the ball, while the length of the connecting element is larger than the distance from the base of the horizontal gutter star wheel to the water surface, but less than the depth of the reservoir; polygonal faces of the concrete tables and multi-faceted prisms in contact with the waves, invited to perform in the form of a parabola, to connect the motor shaft, which is connected to the output of the processing unit and storage of electricity connected to the group of wave power plants; in river water star wheel prompted to install so that the ball was in vadaparampil the river, the connecting element to perform in the form of a rope, or rope, or rope; in addition, surface water features in the area of the evanescent wave to have a similar group of wave power plants.

The invention is illustrated graphics. Figure 1 shows the design wave generator for river waters figure 2 shows a tiered hexagonal prism with the location of wave power plants, figure 3 shows the location of the groups of wave power plants in the pond and their connection with block straightening and accumulation.

Mechanical generator of hydropower in figures 1, 2, 3 includes:

1) wave power;

2) concrete multi-faceted prism;

3) pillar;

4) radiation of the star wheel;

5) stone or polished cast iron ball;

6) of the connecting element;

7) internal gutters on the star wheel 4;

8) multi-faceted and multi-prism;

9) the shaft of the star wheel;

10) magnetic bearings;

11) motor;

12) anchor site;

13) the handle for manual rotation of the star wheel;

14) the unit of processing and storage of electricity.

Mechanical generator consists of a wave power 1 installed around the wave generator, which is concrete polygonal prism 2 not installed on the pole 3 with a star wheel 4 (in this example, with four rays). To the outer end of each ray of the star wheel 4 is attached via a connecting element 6 stone or polished cast iron ball 5.

The lateral surface of the star wheel 4 are of the trough 7, the distance between the edges of which is larger than the diameter of the ball 5.

The length of the connecting element 6 is larger than the distance from the located horizontally chute 7 to the surface of the water and is less than the depth of the pond.

Around wave generator are multi-faceted and multi-prism 8, each layer of which has a wave power plant with 2 floats on the water.

The front faces of polyhedral prisms 8 and polygonal concrete prism 2 in contact with the waves, have the shape of a parabola. This requirement is due to the fact to pick up the incoming wave on the double height (1).

Wave power plant 1 is set around a Central pillar 3 star 4 wheel circumference in several rows, so that the power plant 1 of the second row are located between the first wave power plant 1 of the third row is installed between the wave power plant 1 of the second row and so on

On the water surface behind the group of the wave power plant 1, where the waves subside, placed second group of wave power plant 1 with column 3 and star wheel 4 in the centre, etc.

One hundred is ± 3 star wheel 4 is set so that to the connecting element 6 was longer than the distance from the horizontal trough to the water surface and is shorter than the depth of the reservoir. The latter eliminates the contact of the ball 5 with the bottom of the reservoir and facilitates its movement in the water.

In addition, for river reservoir column 3 with the rotating star wheel 4 is set so that the ball 5 in the water moved downstream.

This requirement is due to the fact that the river helped move the ball 5 in the water, not touching the bottom. The motor 11 is connected to the output of the processing unit and storage 14 of the electricity obtained from the group of the wave power plant 1, located in the waters of the reservoir.

The shaft 9 of the star wheel 4 fixed magnetic bearings 10 on the post 3 and is connected to the shaft of the electric motor 11 mounted on the frame 12 of the Central column 3. The connecting element 6 is made in the form of a rope or flexible cable, or rope. The shaft 9 of the star wheel 4 by column 3 has a handle for manual rotation 13.

The hydropower generator works as follows.

To create a water surface wave process it is possible to use any physical agent, such as rain, the passage of any vessel, the discharge into water of heavy object, the rotation of the star wheel 4 by means of arm rotation 13 to reset the ball 5 into the water or outside APUS motor 11 and so on

The resulting waves lapping on the front faces of the concrete multifaceted prism 2 multilevel and multifaceted prisms 8 and reflected from them, to increase their height due to the parabolic shape of the prisms 2, 8, extend in different directions, when faced with similar faces of adjacent prisms 2 and 8.

Thus the effective wave process covers located on a circle around the pole 3 of the wave power plant 1 three or four rows.

The electricity from all the wave power plant 1 is supplied to the processing unit and storage 14 and a portion of the electricity supplied to the electric motor 11, which causes the rotation of the star wheel 4. When this stone or polished cast iron ball 5, located next to the chute 7, slip and falls into the water, generating waves propagating in different directions. Waves are again reflected from the parabolic faces of the polyhedral prism 2 multilevel and multifaceted prisms 8, increasing its height due to their parabolic shape.

Rotating the star wheel 4 via a connecting element 6 reaches the ball 5 in the water and, lifting it, lays in the gutter 7.

When the rotation of the star wheel 4 by 90° in water drops next ball 5, generating new waves. The process is repeated.

However, the process of generating waves will not be infinite. When when olkovanie and interference of waves at each other, the process of generating waves for a series of wave power plants 1 fades out. In this zone the water is the next group of wave power plant 1 with its wave generator. Electricity from wave power is supplied to the processing unit and storage 14. Part of the energy from it goes to the engine 11, which causes the rotation of the star wheel 4.

Running the ball 5 polished, the use of magnetic bearings 10 and running the length of the connecting element is less than the depth of the river can significantly reduce friction, which reduces the energy consumption of the engine 11.

The claimed invention can operate year-round on all ice-free areas of water to all regions of the world.

In Russia the present invention can operate year-round on separated and protected from storm waves parts of the Black sea, the Baltic, the Caspian, the South-Western part of the Barents sea, and in the lower pools of all power stations of Russia. In all other regions of Russia, the invention can operate seasonally, from April to October.

The present invention is a new, previously unknown, which indicates its compliance with the criteria of patentability - novelty.

Declared hydropower generator can be made on any instrument factory average level of production on which namenote, what it says about its compliance with the criteria of patentability - industrial applicability.

Bibliography

1. New Scientist, 1997, No. 2106, p.6, journal Inventor and rationalizer No. 4, 1998, p. 24.

The hydropower generator containing multistage concrete tables, arranged in two or more rows, and tables of the second and subsequent rows are arranged in the gaps between the tables of the previous series, speed tables installed in the United unified energy system of wave power station, characterized in that the wave power plant installed on the multi-faceted and multi-tiered prisms around the wave generator, which is made in the form installed on concrete polygonal prism pole, which is above the water surface is installed in the magnetic bearing of a rotating star, for example, four-pointed, wheel, to the outer end of each beam wheel is attached via a connecting element stone or polished cast iron ball on the inner side surfaces of the star wheels are made gutters, the distance between the edges of which is larger than the diameter of the ball, and the length of the connecting element is larger than the distance from the base of the horizontal gutter star wheel to the water surface, but less than the depth of the reservoir, polygonal faces of the concrete tables and mn is ohrannyh prisms, contact with the waves, made in the shape of a parabola, the shaft of the star wheel connected to the motor shaft, which is connected to the output of the processing unit and storage of electricity connected to the group of wave power plants in the pond star wheel is mounted so that the ball is moved along its course, the connecting element is designed in the form of a rope, or cable, or rope, and, in addition, on the water surface in the zone of the evanescent wave are similar groups of wave power plants.



 

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