Universal sanitary-hygenic cleaning agent for removing tobacco tar from smooth and hairy surfaces

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: described is a cleaning agent, containing, wt %: propylene glycol 5-15; nonionic surfactant (e.g. Sintanol ALM-2, Sintanol ALM-3 or similar) 0.5-2.0; fragrance (e.g. Watermelon CFB23845 or similar) 0.1-0.5; isopropanol or ethanol - the balance up to 100.

EFFECT: removing tobacco tar from smooth, rough and hairy surfaces without damaging the structure and colour of the cleaned objects.

2 tbl, 3 ex

 

The invention relates to a liquid sanitary cleaning compositions household products, namely sanitary cleaners for interior Windows and window frames, flooring and wall ceramic tiles, sanitary ware, washable Wallpaper, plastic or metal panels suspended ceilings, flooring, carpet and other interior details, and can also be used to clean the skin of the hands.

One of the most pressing modern sanitary problems is the removal of tobacco tar and tobacco tar from the surfaces of various materials for domestic and commercial purposes, as well as other components of tobacco smoke, which is the source of carcinogenic pollution. Tobacco smoke is a concentrated aerosol: a mixture of gases and high concentration of airborne particles that condense and form the resin deposited on the surface of objects in the zone of exposure to tobacco smoke. Phase of tobacco smoke containing solid particles mainly consist of nicotine, water and resin - tobacco tar.

We know the decision to patent DE202006005910. The content in the detergent composition of water of not less than 55% not allow this tool to dissolve the resinous substances of tobacco smoke.

In the known solution p is the patent JP2002241790 also a high content of water (not less than 75%) makes this tool useless for solving purposes.

In the patent RU2367528 described the use of organic solvent, which is the halogen derivatives. Its use is unacceptable because of toxicity.

Also for the removal of tobacco tars and resins of a similar origin was used following tools are based on aqueous solutions of alkali or organic solvents not miscible with water.

Known detergent for cleaning smoke chambers and pipes flues from plaque - carbon smoke, containing sodium carbonate, trisodium phosphate and ionogenic surface-active substance, including additional sodium hydroxide and metasilicate sodium (patent RU2010844, MKI: C11D 1/66, C11D 1/66, C11D 3:04, C11D 3:06, C11D 3:08, C11D 3:10, publ. 15.04.1994).

The disadvantage is that this tool is very aggressive solution, capable of destructive influence on the structure of textile materials, leather, including artificial, coatings, metal surfaces subject to corrosion, and also has restrictions on environmental and chemical safety.

Known cosmetic removal of tobacco tar on the basis of terpenes and terpenoids and compositions for oral hygiene on the basis of this tool, including toothpastes and other products. Turpentine, representing a liquid mixture of terpenes and terpenoids, R is storeit some resin, fats and oils and is widely used for dissolution of varnishes and paints. The main share of tobacco tar is also polycyclic hydrocarbons. Therefore, an assumption was made that the turpentine should dissolve tobacco resin (patent RU2414210, MKI A61K 8/97, A61K 8/18, A61Q 11/02, publ. 28.12.2009).

The disadvantage is that the turpentine, which is part of the tool, not miscible with water and can not be effectively removed from the treated fabric surfaces with water and can also cause damage to plastic and coatings. As a result, together with the remnants of turpentine in fleecy surface will remain dissolved in the tobacco tar.

The closest analogue is the patent KR20110083810, which describes the composition of the detergent with ethanol (85-92,5 wt.%), propylene glycol (5-10 wt.%). Developed in this patent, the tool is designed to remove only smooth surfaces (skin). In this regard, there is no nonionic surfactant, which is required for subsequent flushing of the resulting solution with water. Attempts to wash off the solution, not containing surfactant, cause the dissolved oil is released in the form of a second liquid phase, stick to the treated surface and not be removed.

The technical result of the invention is cleaner, safer, at least the new use and effective for the removal of tobacco tar and tobacco tar with an increased rate of dissolution of these components in tobacco smoke and at the same time with the most complete removal cleaned with the surface, especially the surface of textile materials, leather, including artificial.

This technical result is achieved due to the fact that sanitary cleaning agent containing a volatile organic solvent is isopropanol or ethanol, non-volatile organic solvent is propylene glycol, characterized in that it contains non-ionic surface-active agent (surfactant) and flavor and all of these components are presented in the following ratio, wt.%: propylene glycol - 5-15, nonionic surfactant is 0.5 to 2.0, flavor - 0,1-0,5, isopropanol or ethanol - rest.

The technical result is achieved due to high speed of dissolution of the tobacco tar (less than 1 min), due to the complete Miscibility with water, which is used to remove dissolved resin with fleecy and other hard surfaces, as well as by maintaining tobacco tar in the solution even after evaporation of the volatile solvent.

We offer qualitative and quantitative composition of funds is necessary and sufficient to achieve the specified result.

The tool contains a balanced composition of volatile and nonvolatile solvents: isopropanol or ethanol and propylene glycol, in connection with which there is a high rate of dissolution tobacco tar, and p and this tobacco resin remains in solution after evaporation of the volatile solvent.

The optimal type and concentration of surfactants allows to obtain a stable, homogeneous means that without reducing solvent properties allows you to quickly and effectively remove the resulting solution was tobacco tar with water.

Thus, the composition of the cleaning tool allows you to quickly and effectively clean smooth and hairy surfaces of various materials, such as plastic, ceramic, metal, wood, glass, fabrics, leather, including artificial, dissolving tobacco tar, keeping her in a dissolved state even after drying and dissolving in the water stream with the formation of foam, which increases the efficiency of purification.

Traditionally volatile organic solvents have a negative impact on the skin, but due to the content of propylene glycol, which, like glycerin, capable of forming a hydrophilic film on the surface of the skin, reduction is achieved in the "drying" effect. Thus, using the above additive provides protection of the skin, which allows the use of the claimed tool without fear of people with sensitive skin and use this tool for cleaning the skin of the hands from the tobacco tar.

Another significant component is the flavor (perfume)providing a masking odors, volatile organic solution of the residents (isopropanol or ethanol). As flavoring the product contains, for example, the perfume composition of the perfume with the scent of watermelon, grapefruit, orange or apricot. Aromatic additives give the vehicle a pleasant smell.

Retains its quality during storage for an extended period of time without discoloration, separation of liquid phases or loss of any insoluble substances.

Example 1. Liquid to remove tobacco tar placed in the vial.

The fluid selected in the composition, wt.%:

propylene glycol15
nonionic surfactants2,0
flavor0,5
isopropanol or ethanolthe rest is up to 100%

This tool has a high viscosity due to the high content of propylene glycol, and its use in the form of spray Pets, but less effectively. The application of such funds to fleecy surface takes a long time, so the treated surfaces should be protected from drying out. Further increase in the content of propylene glycol reduces the dissolution rate of tobacco tar, and such compositions are not suitable the s to solve the problem. From fleecy and other hard to reach surfaces resulting solution tobacco tar can be removed only by a large excess of water, and for this, the content of nonionic surfactants should be the maximum. The increase in the content of the surfactant is above this norm leads to unnecessarily large amount of water necessary for complete removal tools. High concentrations of flavor due to the need to drown out the unpleasant odor of isopropanol, which can partially resist on fabric surfaces. Further increase in the content of flavors leads to unpleasant shade in their smell.

Example 2. Liquid to remove tobacco tar. Use in the form of a spray (or spray with the addition of the propellant 1-10% ).

The fluid selected in the composition, wt.%:

propylene glycol10
nonionic surfactants1,0
flavor0,2
isopropanol or ethanolthe rest is up to 100%

This tool has a satisfactory viscosity due to the average amount of propylene glycol, and its use in the form of spray Il the aerosol optimally. The application of such funds to fleecy surface also takes a long time, so the treated surfaces should be protected from drying out. Further reduction of the content of propylene glycol for this reason, it is undesirable. The amount of deposited funds in the case of spray or aerosol is lower than when using the bottle, so the amount of water required to remove funds also reduced. This allows you to reduce the amount of surfactant required for this process, however, further reduction of the surfactant concentration, there is significant deterioration of the removal process tools with hairy surfaces. The average content of flavor due to the need, on the one hand, to drown out the unpleasant odor of isopropanol, which may partially remain on the napped surfaces, and on the other, a reduced amount of used funds compared to the bottle.

Example 3. Liquid to remove tobacco tar deposited on wipes.

The kit includes two hermetically sealed package, in one of which are wet wipes containing fibrous sheet material (including non-woven material), soaked in the above solution from about 150 to about 600 wt.% calculated on the dry weight of the said fibrous sheet material is a, and the second standard wipes, wet cleaning for household use, moistened with water based mud (for example, patent RU2163145 or other similar).

Method of use: wipe the surface with a cloth with the stated means, after 1 min, carefully remove the tool, the second cloth containing water based mud. For hairy surfaces does not apply. Allowed to use for hand.

The composition of the solution in the composition, wt.%:

propylene glycol5
nonionic surfactants0,5
flavor0,1
isopropanol or ethanolthe rest is up to 100%

This tool contains the minimum number of propylene glycol, surfactants and flavor for a more comfortable application to relatively smooth surfaces. Such surfaces do not require leaching solution with plenty of water after a sufficiently long time after treatment. On the other hand, further reducing the concentration of propylene glycol makes the tool too fast drying and unpleasant to the skin, the lower surfactant - leads to incomplete removal of tobacco tar, with a decrease in the content of the flavor you receive the distinct odor of isopropanol.

Examples of the comparison of the efficiency of use of funds and other detergents to dissolve the tobacco tar are shown in tables 1 and 2.

Table. 1. Comparison of dissolution rate tobacco tar and security of the processed material by using different tools.

Used toolSinteponWashable WallpaperCeramic tile
The time of dissolution, minDamage to materialThe time of dissolution, minDamage to materialThe time of dissolution, minDamage to material
The claimed tool in vial<1no<1no<1no
The claimed means in the form of a JV is her or aerosol <1no<1no<1no
The claimed means deposited on wipes>10no1-2no<1no
Humanit (similar patent RU2010844)1-2no1-2Deformation1-2no
Turpentine<1no<1no<1no
Ethanol<1no<1no<1no
Isopropanol<1no<1 no<1no
Propylene glycol>10no>10no>10no
Acetone<1Partial dissolution<1discoloration<1no
The ethyl acetate2-3no2-3no2-3no

Table. 2. Comparison of the stability of the obtained resin solution and the possibility of its removal by water after using different methods.

Used toolThe possibility of removing the resin with water after drying for 1 hour at room temperatureThe dissolved form of the resin is retained after drying for 1 hour at room temperature
Statement is a great tool in vial YesYes
The claimed means in the form of sprayYesYes
The claimed means deposited on wipesYesYes
Humanit (similar to the patent of Russian Federation №2010844)YesYes
TurpentineNoYes
EthanolNoNo
IsopropanolNoNo
Propylene glycolYesYes
AcetoneNoNo
The ethyl acetateNoNo

Sanitary cleaning agent for the removal of tobacco resin containing a volatile organic solvent is isopropanol or ethanol, non-volatile organic solvent is propylene glycol, trichomania fact, that contains a nonionic surface-active agent (surfactant) and flavor and all of these components are presented in the following ratio, wt.%: propylene glycol - 5-15, nonionic surfactant is 0.5 to 2.0, flavor - 0,1-0,5, isopropanol or ethanol - rest.



 

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