System of guide discs for heat exchanger, heat exchanger, method to manufacture heat exchanger, and also set for equipment or re-equipment of heat exchanger

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of heat engineering, namely, to a system of guide discs for a heat exchanger, to a heat exchanger with application of the system of guide discs, to the method to manufacture a heat exchanger, and also to a set for equipment or re-equipment of the heat exchanger. The system of guide discs according to invention has multiple guide discs, which are designed to guide the medium flowing in the crisscross counterflow in the core of the heat exchanger and in the zone of the jacket between the core and the jacket surrounding the core. Each guide disc is made as capable of placement onto the heat exchanger core.

EFFECT: simplified assembly, reduced costs for manufacturing and re-equipment of heat exchanger.

22 cl, 27 dwg

 

This invention relates to a guiding system disks for heat exchanger, the heat exchanger, in particular, with the use of guide systems disks according to the invention, the method of manufacturing a heat exchanger, as well as the kit for equipment or retrofit of heat exchanger. In particular, this invention relates to the frame of the guide disks or guiding system disks for block heat exchanger.

In technological processes and, in particular, in chemical processes for thermoregulation fluid, whether they essentially liquid, or gaseous, apply heat exchangers. In particular, this can be the so-called block heat exchangers, which consist of a core of the heat exchanger and surrounding the core shroud, the core has two types of holes: the so-called longitudinal holes or vertical holes and the so-called transverse hole radial or horizontal holes. The orifices of the first kind are essentially in the first direction, for example in the longitudinal direction Z of the core of the heat exchanger, and penetrate it completely. Holes of the second kind are essentially perpendicular to the direction Z of the holes of the first kind and also penetrate the core of the heat exchanger; however, in a cross on the managing or radial direction.

Holes of the first kind and the second kind are not communicated with each other. When working through the holes of the first type is held the first Wednesday, as a rule, process or processing environment that is subject to tempering. Through the holes of the second kind is the second environment, often the service environment, which is used to heat outputting or receiving heat from the processing environment.

Often, due to implementation of the geometry of the casing, which surrounds the core of the heat exchanger, as well as due to the presence of the so-called system of guide disks or frame of the guide disks, hereinafter referred to in General by the guiding system disks, create cross counterflow both environments relative to each other. Between the shell and the core of the heat exchanger is formed, the area of the casing or the space of the casing which is hermetically closed with the holes of the first type and the environment, which takes place in these holes of the first type.

The guiding system disk is essentially in this space of the casing and consists of guide discs for vertical separation space of the casing in spaced vertically one above the other compartment or three-dimensional plots, and two or more longitudinal plates for horizontal separation located Hori the quarterly offices space of the casing. Due to the position of the guide discs with the vertical offset in the form of a cascade is obtained in cooperation with the holes of the second kind of cascade or terraced flow of the second medium through the core of the heat exchanger.

Method a cross-counterflow leads to a particularly effective heat transfer between the first and second environments, without direct mechanical contact with each other.

It is also important that the core material of the heat exchanger had a particularly high thermal conductivity. For this purpose suitable graphite cores or cores based on graphite. You can use other materials, however, it is necessary to consider the properties involved in the heat transfer media, for example, with regard to their abrasiveness, chemical aggressiveness, their temperatures and other parameters that define the requirements to the structure of the core material of the heat exchanger and the casing and the guide disk and the longitudinal plates.

A disadvantage of the known systems guide wheels is that they when creating block of the heat exchanger are mounted on the core of the heat exchanger with a significant amount of work, and then shall be surrounded by a casing. Since a typical heat exchangers can reach heights of several meters to meet the requirements for throughput act is oblasti and the efficiency of the heat exchanger, after the Assembly consisting of the guide disk and the longitudinal plates of the frame of the guide disks it is necessary to take measures for pre-assembled frame rails drives at the core of the heat exchanger, namely creature with his surroundings. Typically, it requires several people and often also appropriate lifting devices such as cranes or the like, in Addition, spent a considerable amount of time, because installing frame rails disks on the existing core of the heat exchanger is necessary to avoid damage to the core and frame rails disks, so that, as a rule, require careful installation of the frame rails disks on the core of the heat exchanger.

The basis of the invention is the creation of a system of guide disks for core heat exchanger, heat exchanger, method of manufacturing the heat exchanger, and a kit for equipment or retrofit of heat exchanger, which provide system installation guide disks particularly simple and reliable way possible with less expenditure of time, labor and accessories.

Underlying the invention the problem is solved, according to the invention, the guiding system disks with POM is using signs of paragraph 1 of the claims. In addition, to solve the tasks in paragraphs 14, 15 and 17 of the claims offered exchanger, method of manufacturing the heat exchanger, as well as an equipment or retrofit of heat exchanger. Preferred modifications are the subject of the respective dependent claims.

This invention proposes a system of guide disks for heat exchanger, in which there are many guides disks, which are intended for the direction of the medium flowing in a cross-counter flow in the respective heat exchanger, the core of the corresponding heat exchanger and in the zone of the casing of the corresponding heat exchanger between the core of the heat exchanger and around the core of the heat exchanger casing. Thus according to the invention, each guide disk systems guide disks is designed for sitting on a corresponding core of the heat exchanger.

This means that in contrast to previous methods, according to which, for example, after pre-installation guide disks in the form of the frame rails disks need considerable cost, labour and possibly with the use of computer AIDS, for example using a crane, put the core of the corresponding heat exchanger, and according to the finding, the guiding system disks, you can create just due to the fact that the individual guides disks placed in the appropriate position on the core of the corresponding heat exchanger. Thus, it is possible reliably, without the high cost of labor and without the use of additional hardware to create the necessary in the heat exchanger system guides disks by simply draping the guide disk.

Especially preferably, when each drive is designed for detachable sitting at the core of the corresponding heat exchanger. Namely, in this case there is the possibility of replacing individual guides disk systems guide drives or the entire system guides disks, for example, when maintenance work or cleaning or any defect.

Each guide disk can be performed with the passage in the plane or the XY plane length in the form of a flat plate with upper and lower side in the XY plane or parallel to it, and can be in the XY plane or parallel to it the area with a concave inner contour.

Concave inner contour may be approved in form and passing with, in particular, the convex outer contour of the core corresponding to the specified coil and performed, in particular, complementary obrazac form and the passage of the outer contour of the corresponding core of the heat exchanger.

Thus, the guide disk systems guide discs are optimally adapted to the contour, i.e. the shape and geometry of the core of the corresponding heat exchanger.

Each guide disk can have one or more first nozzle means for draping at the core of the corresponding heat exchanger. This allows particularly simple, but secure when putting on a corresponding core of the heat exchanger.

One or more first means draping can be preferably formed on the underside of each guide disk and in addition or as alternative solutions in an elongated form along or parallel to the Y-direction length. Due to this, the corresponding guide disk suitable for administration by means of draping, for example, within the agreed service core openings of the respective heat exchanger. Service holes in the core of the corresponding heat exchanger and already there and they can also be used for inserting the guide disk systems guide disks, so that in the core of the heat exchanger there is no need for additional measures for fixing the guide disk.

Therefore, it is also possible retrofitting existing heat exchangers.

In addition to t the th, in the manufacture of the entire heat exchanger can opt out of the modification of the core of the heat exchanger, since the guide disk systems guide disks by themselves provide all the means for fastening with draping on the normal core of the heat exchanger. Thus, it is possible further application of the normal cores of the heat exchanger.

One or more first means draping can be formed of the same or equally effective, in particular, in the form or with the same pins, tubes or other elements longitudinally elongated shape. Multiple means of draping for each guide disk improves the stability of each individual guide disk mounted on the core of the heat exchanger condition.

In addition, the presence of pins or tubes provides a particularly simple solution without having to create complex mechanisms.

If the funds draping provided by tube, it is additionally provided that is used for draping the guide disk of relevant service core openings of the respective heat exchanger is not fully closed and can still make a contribution to the heat exchange between the service environment and technological environment.

Each post or each the tube can be made in cross-section perpendicular to the Y direction of its length with an external circuit, corresponding to the inner contour of the service hole of the core corresponding to a given heat exchanger. This ensures a particularly reliable retention money sitting in the service hole and thereby secure mounting each guide disk at the core of the corresponding heat exchanger.

Each guide disk can have an open form, such as form part of the ring and, in particular, the form of a half ring with the first and second end, in particular, on the basis of circle, ellipse, rectangle or square or polygon, preferably a regular shape. Through the appropriate choice of the form is especially tight contact with the inner contour of each guide disk with an outer contour of the core of the corresponding heat exchanger.

Can be formed by two or more vertical plates, which serve for the lateral limit of the zone of the casing of the heat exchanger and the location on the core corresponding to the specified heat exchanger on its outer contour and perpendicular to the XY plane of the length of each guide disk and in contact with the first and second end of each guide disk.

Vertical plate with one hand, divide the area of the casing or the space of the casing in a horizontal direction on the corresponding plots of the volume of the and and provide additional support guide disk systems guide disks on the core of the corresponding heat exchanger with their ends in the horizontal direction. This increases the stability of the system guides disk.

Each guide disk may be at its first and second end of the second means of draping.

The vertical plate may have a recess, which is designed to receive funds draping and thereby to contact the first and second ends of the guide disk.

These measures further increase the stability of the system guides the disks in the mounted state, the guide discs, as they provide more reliable draping and support not only in the Central zone by the first means of draping, but also in the peripheral area by using the second means sitting on a vertical plate.

Can be provided by two vertical plates in the Z-direction length of the core of the corresponding heat exchanger.

In the Z-direction length of the core of the heat exchanger may be there are many guides disks and thereby alternately in the form of a cascade on both sides of the vertical plates.

This ensures, in cooperation with the geometry of the core of the corresponding heat exchanger education cross-counterflow.

Guides disks and/or vertical plate can be made completely or partially from one or more materials selected is the R group, containing steel, stainless steel, tantalum, zirconium, plastic, in particular PTFE, PP, PE, PA6, PA66 etc, PVDF, graphite, in particular, in untreated form, and materials of the CFC. This ensures optimum selection and approval of material properties with thermal, mechanical and chemical loads that act on the guiding system disks when used in the appropriate heat exchanger.

The vertical plate can be performed in the Z-direction length in the form of a plug-in system with attached Rethimno each other vertical areas and thereby adjustable in length. Thus, it is possible to just take into account the different structural height of the heat exchangers.

According to another aspect of the present invention, it is proposed a heat exchanger and, in particular, block heat exchanger, which is the core of the heat exchanger and the casing that surrounds the core of the heat exchanger so that the core of the heat exchanger and casing formed area of the casing or the space of the casing, between the casing and the core of the heat exchanger is formed by a runner system disks according to the invention, for passing the heat exchanger, the core of the heat exchanger and in the area of the enclosure or space of the casing in cross-counterflow environment.

According to additional aspects is to this invention, features a method of manufacturing a heat exchanger, which provided the core of the heat exchanger form a guiding system disk by draping many guides disks at the core of the heat exchanger.

Thus it is possible in an existing heat exchanger to remove the existing conventional guiding system drive before putting the guide disk systems guide disks according to the invention. Thus, in this case also able to retrofit an existing heat exchanger using the new system guides disk.

Finally, according to this invention features a kit for equipment or retrofit of heat exchanger consisting of a set of guide disks and vertical plates to create a system of guide disks according to the invention, at the core of the corresponding heat exchanger.

These and other aspects of the invention are explained below again in other words.

The invention relates, in particular, to a new system of guide disks for block heat exchanger.

Normal or standard frame rails disks, for example, for a cylindrical block heat exchangers is difficult. It consists of many components. The system is relatively expensive and difficult to repair the MS and can be standardized only in a limited volume.

These shortcomings, among others, are prevented by using the proposed, according to the invention, the system guides disk.

One embodiment of the new system guides disk consists of two components, namely the segment of the guide disk or guide disk and a vertical plate or mounting plate. As a segment of the guide disk and the mounting plate direct the environment through the service hole of the block. The rail segments disks are connected, for example, using a plug-in connection with the core unit of the heat exchanger and, in particular, with the mounting plate.

Do this for each segment can be set, for example, 1-2 solid or hollow cylinder, which can be inserted into the service hole of the blocks.

The mounting plate can be made of different lengths. It can also provide the ability to extend with plug-in system.

The rail segments disks and/or the mounting plate can be made of various materials (such as carbon steel, stainless steel, special metals, PTFE, PP, PE, PA6, PAG6 or other plastics).

New guiding system disk has, in particular, inter alia the following advantages:

1) It is simple and reliable.

2) It enables standardization and thereby reducing the value is I.

3) It is simple in installation, dismantling and maintenance, i.e. provided benefits to users and competitiveness.

4) It provides the possibility of mass production, which also leads to reduction of cost.

These and other aspects of the invention are explained below with reference to the accompanying drawings, which depict:

Fig. 1 is an embodiment of a heat exchanger according to the invention in the form of a block-type heat exchanger using system guides disks according to the invention, in an isometric view in partial cutaway, side view;

Fig. 2 - part heat exchanger according to the invention in the form of a block heat exchanger in modular form using one version of the runtime system guide disks according to the invention;

Fig. 3A-3D is a partial section of another embodiment execution of the heat exchanger according to the invention in the form of a block-type heat exchanger using one version of the runtime system guide disks according to the invention, the core of the heat exchanger has the basic shape of a hollow cylinder, side view, respectively, from above;

Fig. 4A-4D is a partial section of another embodiment execution of the heat exchanger according to the invention in the form of a block-type heat exchanger using one version of the runtime system guide disks according to image ateneu, while the core of the heat exchanger has the basic shape of a rectangular parallelepiped, a side view, respectively, from above;

Fig. 5A-5B is a detail of a variant implementation guide disk used in the system of guide disks according to the invention, a top view, respectively, side;

Fig. 6A-6E - guide disk for one version of the runtime system guide disks according to the invention, for use in modular heat exchanger core of the heat exchanger based on the shape of a circular cylinder, in different projections;

Fig. 7A-7E - guide disk for one version of the runtime system guide disks according to the invention, for use in modular heat exchanger core of the heat exchanger based on the shape of a rectangular parallelepiped, in different projections;

Fig. 8A-8D - an embodiment of the fixing plate used in one embodiment, the system guides the disks according to the invention;

Fig. 9A, 9B is a partial section of another mounting plate that can be applied in one embodiment, the system guides the disks according to the invention, namely, depicting various mounting elements for mounting the guide disk on the mounting plate, side view.

Below is a description of embodiments of the present invention. All Varian is s implementation of the invention, as well as their technical characteristics and properties can be combined arbitrarily and without limitation to each other individually or in any combination.

Structurally or functionally identical, similar or the same operating characteristics or elements are indicated on the figures the same positions. Not always repeated detailed description of these signs or elements.

First referring to the figures in General. When it first explains the basic design and principle of operation of a block of the heat exchanger and the associated guide systems disks, in particular, with reference to Fig. 1 and 3A-4D, showing, in particular, the ratio of flow in the heat exchangers shown.

The heat exchangers 10, in which the system is used guides 40 disks, according to the invention, called usually also block heat exchangers 10 and have, among other things, the core 20 of the heat exchanger of the special suitable for heat transfer material, such as graphite. Such block heat exchangers 10 are often used in the chemical industry and technology, namely, in particular, when the heat transfer processes must be performed with the use of corrosive environments. Typically the technological environment or the production environment, which must be subjected to heat treatment, different from the so-called service environments which serve as a heat source or heat sink in the stage of heat treatment or in the stage of tempering. These technological or production environment, on the one hand, and service environment, on the other hand, are sent to the so-called cross-counter flow without direct contact with each other through the corresponding heat exchanger 10.

On the main plate 14 inside the casing 30 are concentric with each other, for example, a cylindrical block modules 1 and form, respectively, in General, the core 20 of the heat exchanger 10. The core 20 of the heat exchanger and thereby possibly provided by block-modules 1 are along its Z-direction length of the longitudinal hole 2 or longitudinal channels 2 that, if there are separate modules 1, are connected to each other between modules. Thus, the modules 1 are made equal.

Essentially perpendicularly to this longitudinal channels 2 are provided transverse channels 4, which are also known as service holes 4, which are not connected to the longitudinal hole 2, and is connected exclusively to areas of displacement or separation zone of the casing or space 30' of the casing on opposite sides of the casing 30.

Through the longitudinal channels 2 occurs as the first medium M1 is usually a technological environment or receiving environments is, which must be subjected to heat treatment, whether it is heating or cooling. Through the transverse channels 4 runs in the second medium M2 of office environment, which is used for cooling or heating process or receive medium M1.

Transverse channels 4, which are parallel to each other in lying one above the other planes and standing next to each other in series, are, as already mentioned above, in the zone or space 30' of the casing between the casing 30 and the core 20 of the heat exchanger.

Area 30' of the casing or space 30' of the casing is divided by the system 40 of guide disks into separate sections, separate volumes or separation. In these areas of space 30' casing includes a transverse channels 4. Each segment space 30' casing passes through several rows and planes transverse channels 4.

When working office environment M2 is outside via provided in the casing at the side entrance 9 of Fig. 1 at the lower end of the heat exchanger 20, in the space of 30' of the casing and fills it at the beginning of the first section of the volume, which is limited to a part of the system 40 of guide disks. The system 40 of guide disks prevents due to its geometry further flow in the space of 30' of the casing. Due to the selected location guide disks 50 and provided vertically the x plates 60 system 40 guides disk utility medium M1 is rejected in included in this section of the volume of transverse channels 4 and thus from the vertical direction of flow in the direction Z perpendicular to the direction flow along the Y-direction length. After passing through the first group of transverse channels in this section of the volume service environment M1 then goes in first, oppositely lying area in the volume space 30' of the casing. There he again rejected due to the chosen geometry of the system 40 of guide disks for forced flow through the next group included in this section of the volume of transverse channels 4 in the horizontal opposite direction.

Thus, there is a cascading flow of the service environment M2, while alternately occurs in parts of the space 30' of the casing vertical flow parallel to the Z-direction and alternately in intervals of horizontal flow in the transverse channels 4 parallel to the y direction.

Thus, the service environment M2 when the flow through the space 30' casing and transverse channels 4 core 20 of the heat exchanger passes through the core 20 of the heat exchanger of Fig. 1 bottom-up and alternately from right to left and from left to right, and rejected several times so that the process medium M1 and service environment M2 essentially repeatedly crossed and participate in an intensive heat transfer through the material of the core 20 of the heat exchanger.

At the upper end of the heat exchanger 10 service environment M2 leaves prostranstvo' casing provided through again from the side exit 8 for official medium M2.

Instead of receiving or technological medium M1 and service environment M2 we can talk in General about the first medium M1 and the second medium M2. Although the respective roles are distributed as stated above, however, this is not absolutely necessary.

For the input stream and the output stream And the first or technological environment M1 technological holes 2 or longitudinal channels 2 have been combined in the upper and in the lower head part 5, respectively, 5u in the appropriate cell.

The flow direction of the media M1 and M2 can also be the opposite, thus, change the relevant features of the input 8 and output 9 and the respective cameras. However, the crucial factor is that the two media M1 and M2 are directed in counterflow relative to each other, so that cold and hot environment does not flow into the heat exchanger 10 with the same hand. This negatively affects the efficiency and additionally resulted in large differences of temperature in coming in contact with the media M1 and M2 materials.

Head 5u and 5 can be performed in several partial chambers.

Depending on the option run and geometry can occur in particular when the modular construction, the gaps between spaced one above the other block modules 1 that when the mu is the necessity can be closed partially or completely through the seal 3, for example, PTFE.

The area or space 30' casing fastened to the casing 30, respectively, on the base plate 14. For sealing between the main plate 14 and the lower head part 5u may be provided by a flat seal 15 or round seal 15. It may consist of, for example, of elastomer.

For further compaction can be performed (for example, through the upper head part 5) delay, while the actual casing 30 is sealed with the possibility of free movement with a round seal 15 at the bottom and with another round of top seal in the upper head part 5. Using a spiral spring formed tension, which takes into account and compensates for the different thermal expansion of various materials.

All these aspects are illustrated in particular in Fig. 1, but also on other figures, in particular Fig. 3A-4D.

In Fig. 1 shows a vertical plate 60, respectively, 60-1 and 60-2, which, along with the mounting rails disks 50 directly through draping on the core 20 of the heat exchanger, mounted guide wheels 50 also its first and second ends 53-1 and 53-2, in order to separate due to this, in cooperation with the vertical plates 60, 60-1, 60-2 space 30' of the casing parts of the volume, namely, alternating cascade for real is implementing a cross-counterflow between the two media M1 and M2.

In Fig. 1 core 20 of the heat exchanger has the form of a vertical circular cylinder. However, there are also other basic forms. Holes or channels 2 to technological or receive medium M1 are held vertically in Fig. 1 and thus parallel to the symmetry axis or Z-axis length of the main core body 20 of the heat exchanger, namely a vertical circular cylinder.

In Fig. 2 shows schematically in perspective side view of a section of the core 20 of the heat exchanger 10 according to Fig. 1. This site can also be viewed as a separate block of module 1, with several included each other in the Z-direction length of the modules 1 to form the core 20 of the respective heat exchanger 10.

This section or module 1 has a corresponding guide wheels 50, which by the first means 54 draping, which are located on the bottom side 50u each guide disk 50 mounted in the service of the openings 4, which can also be considered as horizontal channels or holes, and which, on the other hand, with their ends 53-1 and 53-2 and provided there second means 55 draping rely on recess 61 provided for the vertical plate 60, 60-1, 60-2.

You can also see that the inner loop 50i each guide disk 50 is aligned with n the outer circuit 20A of the core 20 of the heat exchanger. In this case, the core 20 of the heat exchanger, respectively, the module 1 has the shape of a vertical circular cylinder with the Z-axis of symmetry, parallel to which is formed a vertical channels or openings 2 for technological medium M1.

The outer contour 50A guide disc 50 is held concentric to the inner contour 50i, i.e. formed a round or circle based on the round shape, but the outer loop 50A may also have any other shape, for example, to correspond to the inner contour of the casing 30 of the respective heat exchanger 10, even when he does not have a cylindrical shape.

In Fig. 3A-3D shows an embodiment of the heat exchanger 10 according to the invention, using the system 40 of guide disks according to the invention, the heat exchanger 10 and connected with it the core 20 of the heat exchanger is again vertical and circular cylindrical shape.

In Fig. 3A and 3C shows a partial cut in the side view. In Fig. 3C and 3D shows the sections in a direction parallel to the Z-direction length of the heat exchanger. Corresponding to the plane of the section shown by the axes A-a, b-b, C-C and D-D to the corresponding Fig. 3A-3D, running these sections.

Shows the vertical extent of the heat exchanger from the lower head part 5u with output 7 and output flow of the first medium M1 or receive medium M1 to the upper head part 5 to the input 6 and input stream for the first medium M1 or receive medium M1.

The outer casing is formed again by the casing 30. The inner area formed by the core 20 of the heat exchanger, which takes place as the entire heat exchanger 10, in the Z-direction length. The core 20 of the heat exchanger is made in the Z-direction length of the vertical hole 2 or 2 channels for a first medium M1 or receive medium M1.

Perpendicular to the Z-direction length and thus in the Y-direction length of the core 20 of the heat exchanger has a horizontal channel 4 or openings 4, which are also known as service holes 4 and serve to transport the second medium M2 or office environment M2. This second medium M2 or office environment M2 enters through the lower entrance 8 to the input stream e of the second medium M2 or office environment M2 and leaves via a provided in the upper area of the outlet 9 for the output flow of the second medium M2 or office environment M2.

Between the core 20 of the heat exchanger and the casing 30 based on the selected geometry of the formed area of the enclosure or space 30' of the casing, in which the flow of the second medium M2 or office environment M2, in this case upwards from the inlet 8 to the outlet 9.

This area 30' of the casing or space 30' of the casing are separated by a prescribed system 40 of guide disks, which are formed from the actual guides disk 50 and the vertical layer of the n 60, in areas of displacement or separation 31. Due to the selected alternate and cascading style guides disks 50 relative to the vertical plate 60 is implemented by the cross-counter flow of the second medium M2 with respect to the first medium M1. This means that after the occurrence of the flow of the second medium M2 through the inlet 8, the second medium M2 first passes through the service hole 4 from right to left from the first compartment into the second compartment, and then fills up the second part, then flows again from left to right in the third branch on the right side, so when this cascade passage from the bottom up and from right to left, respectively, from left to right, passes successively through all departments of the space 30' of the casing and connected with branches of the service hole 4 until the second medium M2 provided at the top of the outlet 9 in the form of the output stream. During the passage of the flow is the transfer of heat from the first medium or the medium M1, i.e. the giving or receiving of heat.

In Fig. 3A shows the first tool 54 sitting on the bottom side 50u guides disk 50. These first means 54 draping are inserted to a certain depth in the service of the hole 4, sit in them in accordance with the admission and keep the guide wheels 50 in the system 40 of guide disks.

In Fig. 3C shows that in addition the first and second ends 53-1 and 53-2 are made in the form of a plate guide disc 50 is placed in the notches 61 of the vertical plate 60. The most anterior area of the first and second end 53-1 and 53-3 are made in the form of guide plates discs 50 forms a second tool 55 draping, which is placed in a corresponding recess 61 of the vertical plate 60 and is used for peripheral support rails disk 50 in the area 30' of the casing.

In Fig. 4A-4D shows, similarly to Fig. 3A-3D, a modified form of heat exchanger 10 according to the invention, with the system 40 of guide disks according to the invention, while similar in other respects, the construction and the same function, provided by the main body in the form of a rectangular parallelepiped as for the core 20 of the heat exchanger and the casing 30. Accordingly, as shown in Fig. 4B and 4D, the guide wheels 50 in their open form, and thus the internal circuit 50i consistent with the shape of a rectangular parallelepiped, and thus have a polygonal shape, which corresponds to the outer contour 20A of the core 20 of the heat exchanger and the inner contour of the casing 30.

In Fig. 5A-7E shows the different embodiments of the guide disks 50 for the system 40 of guide disks according to the invention, however, they have the form of plates 53.

In the form shown in Fig. 5A-6E versions of the guide wheels 50 and the corresponding plate 53 are in the form of annular section or part of the ring based on the e has a circular shape. Such guide wheels 50 can be used in versions of the heat exchanger 10 shown in Fig. 1-3D.

In contrast, the plate 53 of the guide disc 50 in the embodiment according to Fig. 7A-7E, has the shape of a closed polygon with straight edges, essentially on the basis of the rectangle, and thus can be used in the heat exchanger 10 according to Fig. 4A-4D.

In all cases, the underlying of the respective guide disc 50 plate 53 has an upper side of 50o and the lower side of 50u, while on the lower side of the first means 54 draping in the form of pins or tubes. The corresponding internal circuits 50i and external circuits 50A made of identical shape and concentric relative to each other and aligned with a corresponding outer contour 20A of the core 20 of the respective heat exchanger 10.

The guide wheels 50 and the corresponding underlying plate 53 have first and second ends 53-1, respectively, 53-2, on which the grooves on the most outer end, in this case, in the outer area, implemented the second fastening means 55, which are designed to introduce the purpose of draping in the respective vertical plates or mounting plates 60 into the corresponding notches 61.

The first and second means 54, respectively, 55, with one of the second side, and service openings 4 in the core 20 of the respective heat exchanger 10 and the notches 61 in the vertical plate or mounting plate 60 have the appropriate size and appropriate height position, so that when putting the guide disc 50 with the first fastening means 54 in the service of the hole 4, the second mounting holes 55 are also on the first and second ends 53-1 and 53-2 in the corresponding slot 61 of the mounting plates 60.

In Fig. 6A-7E shows the corresponding guide wheels 50 in various projections. The corresponding section plane or planes of projection are indicated on the figures using the respective lines a-a - D-D.

In Fig. 8A-9B shows the various embodiments of the vertical plates or mounting plates 60 system 40 guides disk.

When applying a vertical plate or mounting plate 60 are parallel to the Z-direction length of the core 20 of the respective heat exchanger 10.

In accordance with the prescribed alternating cascade arrangement to be putting the guide disks 50 system guides 40 drives the mounting plate 60 in the Z-direction length of the vertical plates or mounting plates is alternately on each side of the striped grooves 61, which have such dimensions that they can get in touch with first the mi and second ends 53-1 and 53-2 guides disk 50 through the reception provided there second fastening means 55.

In addition, in Fig. 9A and 9B schematically shows how you can insert through the lower guide wheels 50 system guides 40 drives the first and second ends 53-1 and 53-2 and provided there second fastening means 55 in the notches 61 of the fixing plate 60, while Fig. 9A and 9B shows the system and the location is not fixed and, accordingly, in the mounted state.

A LIST of REFERENCE DESIGNATIONS

1 Module of the heat exchanger block module core of the heat exchanger or the heat exchanger coil

2 a Longitudinal channel or slot, the vertical channel, the vertical hole, the channel/hole for technological environment the technological hole

3 Seal

4 Cross-channel, cross hole, a radial channel, the radial hole, the channel/hole for the service environment, service hole

4i Internal contour of the transverse channel 4, the transverse holes 4, the radial channel 4, the radial holes 4, channel 4/4 holes for the second service environment M2, utility openings 4

5 the Head part

5o Upper head part

5u lower head part

6 Input for technological environment/first medium M1

7 Output for technological environment/first medium M1

8 the Entrance to the service environment/the second medium M2

9 Output for the service environment/the second medium M2

the heat Exchanger 10, block heat exchanger

14, the base Plate

15 Marginal seal round seal

20 the Core of the heat exchanger

20A of the Outer contour of the core 20 of the heat exchanger

30 Casing

30' Area of the casing, the space of the casing, the intermediate space between the casing 30 and the core 20 of the heat exchanger

40 guide System disk

50 Guide disk

50A of the Outer contour

50i Internal circuit

50o Upper side

50u bottom

53 Plate

53-1 First end of the

53-2 Second end of the

54 the First tool draping, pin, tube,

55 the Second tool draping, lug, pin

60 Vertical plate, the fixing plate

60-1 First vertical plate/mounting plate

60-2 Second vertical plate/mounting plate

61 Notch

And the Output stream of the first environment/technology environment M1

And the Output stream of the second environment service environment M2

E Input stream first environment/technology environment M1

E Input stream of the second environment service environment M2

M1 First Wednesday/technological environment

M2 Second Wednesday service Wednesday

X (First) direction length of the first fastening means 54 in the plane X length or parallel to it

XY plane the length of the guide disks 50

Y (Second) direction length of the first credit to the panorama means 54 in the XY plane length or parallel to it

Z Direction length/axis of symmetry of the core of the heat exchanger/technological holes.

1. The system (40) of the guide disks for heat exchanger (10), which contains many guides disks (50) for the direction of the environment (M1, M2)flowing in a cross-counter flow in the heat exchanger (10) in the core (20) of the heat exchanger and in the area (30') of casing between the core (20) of the heat exchanger and surrounding the core (20) of the heat exchanger casing (30), and
in which each guide disk (50) system made with the possibility of sitting on the core (20) of the heat exchanger, respectively, with a small disk sizes on the vertical bounding plates.

2. The system (40) of the guide disk according to claim 1, in which each guide disk (50) is configured to split the draping on the core (20) of the heat exchanger.

3. The system (40) of the guide disk according to claim 1 or 2, in which each guide disk (50) is made in the form of a flat plate with a top side (50o) and bottom side (50u), and this flat plate is exactly in the plane (XY) or parallel to it and is in the (XY) plane or parallel to it the area with a concave inner contour (50i).

4. The system (40) of the guide disks according to claim 3, in which the concave inner contour (50i) agreed on the form and passing, in particular, with a convex outer contour (20A) the heart is nick (20) corresponding to a given heat exchanger (10) and executed in particular, the response form and the passage of an external circuit (20A) of the corresponding core (20) of the heat exchanger.

5. The system (40) of the guide disk according to any one of claims 1, 2 or 4, in which each guide disk (50) has one or more first attachment means (54) for sitting on the core (20) of the heat exchanger.

6. The system (40) of the guide disks according to claim 3, in which each guide disk (50) has one or more first attachment means (54) for sitting on the core (20) of the heat exchanger.

7. The system (40) of the guide disks according to claim 5, in which one or more first means (54) draping formed on the bottom side (50u) of each guide disk (50) and have an elongated shape along the direction (Y) of length or parallel to it.

8. The system (40) of the guide disks according to claim 6, in which one or more first means (54) draping formed on the bottom side (50u) of each guide disk (50) and have an elongated shape along the direction (Y) of length or parallel to it.

9. The system (40) of the guide disks according to claim 5, in which one or more first means (54) draping made equal or equally valid, in particular, in the form of pins or tubes or with identical pins or tubes.

10. The system (40) of the guide disks on any of PP-8, in which one or n is how many first means (54) draping performed the same or equally effective, in particular, in the form of pins or tubes or with identical pins or tubes.

11. The system (40) of the guide disk according to claim 9, in which each post or each tube in a perpendicular direction (Y) extent of the cross-sectional outer contour (54A), corresponding to the inner contour (4i) service hole (4) of the core (20) is specified and the corresponding heat exchanger (10).

12. The system (40) directing drive of claim 10, in which each post or each tube in a perpendicular direction (Y) extent of the cross-sectional outer contour (54A), corresponding to the inner contour (4i) service hole (4) of the core (20) is specified and the corresponding heat exchanger (10).

13. The system (40) of the guide disk according to claim 1, in which each guide disk (50) has an open form part of the ring, and in particular the form of a half ring with the first end (53-1) and second end (53-2), in particular, on the basis of circle, ellipse, rectangle or square or polygon, preferably a regular shape.

14. The system (40) of the guide disk according to claim 1, which is formed by two vertical plates (60, 60-1, 60-2) or more employees for lateral limitation zone (30') of casing of the heat exchanger (10), made with the possibility of the location on the core (20) corresponding to a given heat exchanger on its outer is ontore (20A) and perpendicular to the plane (XY) of the length of each guide disk (50) and in contact with the first and second ends (53-1, 53-2) guide disks (50).

15. The system (40) guides a disc 14, in which each guide disk (50) is at its first and second ends (53-1, 53-2) second means (55) draping, and
the vertical plates (60, 60-1, 60-2) have recesses (61), which are designed to receive the second means (55) draping and thereby to contact the first and second ends (53-1, 53-2) guide disks (50).

16. The system (40) guides a disc 14, which includes two vertical plates in the direction (Z) of the length of the corresponding core (20) of the respective heat exchanger (10), and
in the direction (Z) length of core (20) of the heat exchanger and thereby the vertical plates are alternately and waterfall on both sides of the vertical plates (60, 60-1, 60-2) many guides disk.

17. The system (40) guides a disc 14, in which the vertical plate is made in the direction (Z) of length in the form of a plug-in system with separation of the staple Rethimno each other vertical areas and thereby adjustable in length.

18. The system (40) of the guide disk according to claim 1 or 14, which guides the disk (50) and/or vertical plates (60, 60-1, 60-2) is made fully or partially from one or more materials selected from the group steriade the steel, stainless steel, tantalum, zirconium, plastic, in particular PTFE, PP, PE, RA, RA etc., PVDF, graphite, particularly in untreated form, and materials CFC.

19. The heat exchanger (10), in particular block heat exchanger containing the core (20) of the heat exchanger and the casing (30)that surrounds the core (20) of the heat exchanger so that between the core (20) of the heat exchanger and the casing (30) formed area (30') of casing,
between the casing (30) and a core (20) of the heat exchanger formed by the system (40) of the guide disk according to any one of claims 1 to 18 for directing flowing in the heat exchanger (10), the core (20) of the heat exchanger and in the area (30') of casing in cross-counterflow medium (M1, M2).

20. A method of manufacturing a heat exchanger (10), which provided the core (20) of the heat exchanger (10) form a system (40) of the guide disk according to any one of claims 1 to 18 by draping many guides disks (50) on the core (20) of the heat exchanger.

21. The method according to claim 20, wherein the existing heat exchanger (10) before putting the guide disks (50) remove the existing conventional guiding system disk.

22. Kit for equipment or retrofit of heat exchanger (10)consisting of a set of guide disks (50) and vertical plates (60) to create a system (40) of the guide disk according to any one of claims 1 to 18 on the core (20) is relevant to the respective heat exchanger (10).



 

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