Bottle pusher for tunnel-type sterilisation drier
SUBSTANCE: proposed mechanism comprises pusher unit and several teeth engaged with conveyor screen. Said teeth are engaged with pusher unit for it to pass over said teeth and to be carried over screen conveyor.
EFFECT: simple and compact design, ease of assembly, reliable operation.
4 cl, 8 dwg
This invention relates primarily to the field of mechanical equipment for packaging food products, medicines and other products, in particular for drying-sterilizing tunnel type.
Review of the prior art
Sterilizing tunnel dryer of the type commonly used mechanical equipment designed for the packaging of food and pharmaceutical products. In particular, in the sterilization dryers, used in packing lines medications, often used technology supply containers on the mesh conveyor. The connection between the tunnel roaster and other mechanisms is provided by the transition panel, and the containers are moved on the panel under the action of friction. If after sterilization tunnel type dryer is quite a large number of containers, it allows to provide sufficient thrust force to move through the transition panel, but at the end of the production operation, the number of containers on the conveyor is reduced, which reduces the thrust force. If the frictional force of the mesh conveyor and the bottom of the container below the friction force Tara to transition panels on the conveyor there is an effect of sliding friction of the bottom of the container, causing part of it remains in the inner parts of the pin is of inera or on the transition panel. Pushing tare manually can lead to contamination of the containers have undergone sterilization. When used for this purpose, push panel, having large mass, while pushing the last row of containers it will be able to lead them out of the dryer, but due to its heavy weight, this panel has a low absorption, which greatly complicates its disinfection, as a result, the contact pad may also lead to contamination of the sterilized containers. In addition, due to the friction of containers moving through the transition panels are formed of powdered particles or dust that contaminates the environment, and at the bottom of the containers scratches are formed, negatively affecting the quality of the outer surface of the container.
Summary of the invention
Technological problem to be solved by this invention is directed, is as follows: based on the problems existing in the existing technology, this invention is a mechanism for pushing containers for sterilization drying tunnel type, characterized by such features as simplicity and compact design, easy installation, reliable operation, high efficiency and no pollution factors.
The technological solution of this image the plants described below.
The mechanism for pushing containers for sterilization drying tunnel type consists of a push block and a few teeth, soglasovyvayuschey with mesh conveyor. The above-mentioned teeth are connected with a push block, which, passing through the teeth, moves with the mesh conveyor.
This invention is further improved as follows.
Above the battlements its Central part pivotally connected to a push block, one end they are connected with spring tension, and the other fixed on the push block.
The above-mentioned tension spring with the help of a stud with a nut and adjusting bolt is connected with a push block. From one end of the stud with nut has a threaded hole. One end above the adjusting bolt is fixed on the push block, and the other is inserted in a threaded hole in the stud.
The end of the above teeth mating with mesh conveyor, has a triangular shape.
Compared with existing technologies, this invention has the following advantages.
1. Described in this invention, the mechanism for pushing containers intended for sterilization drying tunnel type, allows you to move the container only through the m propulsion unit, installed on a chain conveyor, which makes the construction of this mechanism is simple and compact, provides ease of installation, reliable operation, high efficiency and other advantages.
2. As described in this invention the mechanism for pushing containers designed for sterilization of the dryer tunnel type, the connection between the prongs and push the block - hinge type, which prevents the occurrence of problems such as damage to the containers or other units of equipment with the necessary movement of the containers with a force or their submission to the transitional panel, and significantly increases the reliability of the mechanism.
Description of the attached drawings
Figure 1 shows a scheme of the construction of the invention, described in the specific embodiment of the invention 1;
Fig.2 shows the circuit design of the invention (General view), described in the specific embodiment of the invention 2;
Fig.3 shows the circuit design of the invention (top view), described in the specific embodiment of the invention 2;
4 shows the circuit design of studs with nut in cross-section, described in the specific embodiment of the invention 2;
figure 5 shows the scheme of the construction of the mesh conveyor;
figure 6 shows diagrams the construction of a practical example, described in the specific embodiment of the invention 2;
figure 7 presents a schematic representation of the mechanism of the push to transition panel are described in the practical example in a specific embodiment of the invention 2;
figure 8 presents a schematic representation of the mechanism of propulsion in the face of resistance described in practical example in a specific embodiment of the invention 2.
The figures indicated:
1 - mesh conveyor; 2 - push the block; 3 - containers; 4 - transition panel; 5 - teeth; 6 - tension spring; 7 - pin with nut; 71 - threaded hole; 8 - adjusting screw.
Specific embodiments of the inventions
As shown in figures 1 and 5, when using particular way of carrying out the invention 1 this invention is a mechanism for pushing containers for sterilization drying tunnel type consists of the push block 2 and a few teeth 5, soglasovyvayuschey with mesh conveyor 1. The teeth 5 are connected with a push block 2, which, passing through the teeth 5, moves together with mesh conveyor 1. This method of carrying out the invention assumes that the teeth 5 still connected with the propulsion unit 2. When moving mesh conveyor 1 forward his cell mesh push the prongs 5 which, in turn, the force to move the propulsion unit 2 moving containers 3 forward.
Because the teeth 5 still connected with the push block 2 when the latter is faced with resistance, the teeth 5 are held by a mesh conveyor 1, and when excessive drag force causes damage to the cells of the conveyor 1. For this reason, this invention provides an improved technical solution described in the specific embodiment of the invention 2.
As indicated in figures 2, 3 and 4, when using a particular variant of the invention, the 2 teeth 5 of its Central part pivotally connected to a push block 2 and can rotate around the hinge. The working end of the teeth 5 is associated with the grid cells, and the outside with screws connected to the spring tension 6, which one of its end fixed on the push block 2. The other end of the tension spring 6 with the help of a stud with a nut 7 and the adjusting screw 8 is connected with a push block 2. On one side of the stud with the nut 7 has a threaded hole 71. The adjusting screw 8 one end of which is fixed on the push block 2, and the other is inserted into the screw hole 71. The adjusting screw 8 in accordance with the degree of tension of the spring 6 adjusts the position of the studs 7 than providing what is adjustment of the tensile strength of the spring 6. The end of the teeth 5 in contact with the mesh conveyor belt, wedge, triangular shape. This is done so that when reaching the transition panel, 4 push block 2 under the action of reverse jog efforts of the panel 4 is automatically turned clockwise and returned to its original position. The propulsion unit 2 is rounded on all sides to avoid coupling with the side barrier plates mesh conveyor 1.
Figure 6 arrow denotes the direction of movement of the mesh conveyor 1. At the end of the production process several propulsion units 2, described in this invention, are placed on a chain conveyor 1 sterilization drying tunnel type for the last number of containers 3. The teeth 5 push blocks 2 are inserted into the cells of the mesh conveyor 1. The thrust force of the mesh conveyor 1 that arise in its forward movement, draws the teeth 5, inserted into cells of the conveyor 1, and they, in turn, results in movement of the propulsion units 2, resulting in a process of careful pushing the last row of containers 3 unit 2. As shown in figure 7, the propulsion unit 2, reaching the transition panel 4, under the action of its inverse jog efforts automatically turns clockwise and returns the I place. As shown in figure 8, if the transition panel 4 or the containers 3 are faced with strong resistance, because the teeth 5 are inserted into the grid cells of the conveyor 1, and the conveyor under the action of the traction motor continues to move forward, if the pressure does not loosen, push block 2 crushed located ahead of the containers 3 or hurt the components of the mechanism. If the thrust force provided by the spring tension 6, located in the upper part of teeth 5, in case if you are encountering resistance stretching force of the conveyor 1 is larger than the thrust force of the spring 6 in the upper part of the teeth 5, the spring 6 is stretched, and the teeth 5 are rotated counterclockwise, making it possible to avoid damage to the mesh conveyor or crushing of the containers 3.
The above description is only one best option for the practical implementation of the present invention. The volume of its legal protection is not restricted to the above-described variant of practical implementation. All the technical solutions according to the concepts of the present invention belong to the scope of its legal protection. It should also be noted that all of the enhancements and improvements of the present invention, carried out by specialists in the art and not beyond to provide the certain fundamental concepts, belong to the scope of legal protection of inventions.
1. The mechanism for pushing containers for sterilizing tunnel dryer of the type which includes a push block (2) and multiple teeth (5)agreed with mesh conveyor (1); teeth (5) is connected with a push block (2), which, passing through the teeth (5), moves through the mesh conveyor (1).
2. The mechanism according to claim 1, characterized in that the teeth (5) of its Central part pivotally connected to a push block (2)with one end connected to the spring tension (6), which one of its end fixed on the pushing block (2).
3. The mechanism according to claim 2, characterized in that the tension spring (6) with the help of a stud with nut (7) and adjusting screw (8) is connected with a push block (2); from one end of the stud with nut has a threaded hole (71); one end of the adjusting screw (8) fixed on the pushing block (2), and the other inserted into a threaded hole (71) of the studs (7).
4. The mechanism under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the end teeth (5), mating with mesh conveyor has a wedge-shaped, triangular shape.
FIELD: transport, distribution.
SUBSTANCE: device to measure concentration of hydrogen peroxide comprises catalyst with inlet and outlet, thermometer to measure temperature of ambient medium nearby inlet and means to cause the flow through said catalyst. Besides, this device comprise second thermometer arranged inside the channel between catalyst inlet and outlet and means to calculate concentration from the difference between first and second temperatures. Sterilisation chamber for filling machine for making packages with food products and filling machine comprise above described device.
EFFECT: perfected sterilisation owing to higher precision of control over hydrogen peroxide concentration.
15 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: packaging industry.
SUBSTANCE: system comprises a heating means for evaporating the sterilisation agent on the packaging web, which is fed through the chamber, and a control unit for controlling operation of the machine. The system also comprises nozzles controlled by a control unit, for spraying the sterile liquid onto hot surfaces of the sterilisation chamber for their cooling after stopping the machine. The method of cooling lays in spraying the liquid onto hot surfaces of the sterilisation chamber after stopping the machine. The inventions are also the sterilisation chamber and the filling machine, each of which comprises the above-mentioned spraying cooling system.
EFFECT: group of inventions provides enhancement of the package due to reduction of the degree of swelling of the packaging material.
18 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: packaging industry.
SUBSTANCE: composite packaging comprises a glass vessel and a cap, sealed thermally on the edge of the vessel. The edge is preliminary treated with metal oxides and/or salts. The cap comprises at least one carrier layer and the lower layer of the thermally sealed polymeric material having a melting temperature exceeding 115°C at which the unsaturated carboxylic acid is grafted.
EFFECT: increasing tightness of the closing of the vessel.
20 cl, 2 dwg, 1 ex
FIELD: chemistry; biochemistry.
SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to biotechnology. High-polymer yeast RNA which is lyophilically dried and tightly sealed in glass bulbs or flasks is heated in a dry-air drying chamber at 100-120°C for 50-70 minutes.
EFFECT: invention simplifies and reduces the cost of the method for terminal sterilisation of high-polymer yeast RNA.
FIELD: mechanics, packing.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to methods of filling and filling devices. Proposed filling device serves to fill package (2) with hot fluid, sealing device for the said package. The said package comprises sealing element (3, 4) intended for opening aforesaid package and rotary device (22) to turn package (2) for sealing element (3, 4) to come in contact with hot fluid. Note that above mentioned turn angle does not exceed 160° and filling device incorporates device (21) to hold packages in turned position. Proposed method comprises filling the package with hot fluid and sealing package (2). Note that package (2) comprises sealing element (3, 4) and turns to bring aforesaid sealing element in contact with hot fluid. Note here that turn angle does not exceed 160° and that package (2) stays as-turned for a certain time.
EFFECT: higher sterility and longer shelf life.
40 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: food-processing industry, in particular, thermal processing of food products.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has upright casing with corrugated bottom, dividing and circulation partitions located within casing so as to define ascending and descending channels, inclined perforated guides fixed on upper ends of circulation partitions and above dividing partitions, charging and discharge devices. Heaters are positioned at corrugation sides defining bottom of ascending channels. Circulation partitions are made hollow and are connected with their upper ends to gas supercharger, which is positioned above liquid surface. Gate is positioned within discharge device for adjusting liquid flow rate.
EFFECT: reduced consumption of power for effective thermal processing of food products in metal hermetic cans.
FIELD: transportation, package.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method comprises the stages that follow. First set of products are branched from process line to assigned section and loaded on first shoulder of multilevel conveyor. Second set of products are branched from process line to assigned section to adjust the height of second shoulder of multilevel conveyor to load second branched set thereon. Multilevel conveyor loaded with products is transferred to downstream packing site. Height of conveyor first shoulder is adjusted for unloading. First set of products is unloaded onto said downstream packing site. Height of conveyor second shoulder is adjusted for unloading. First set of products is unloaded onto said downstream packing site. Unloaded articles are grouped to make packed set.
EFFECT: fast packing.
22 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions refers to cosmetic product sterilisation. For this purpose, the cosmetic product representing a fluid medium circulates under pressure adjusted by the viscosity of said fluid medium in a sterilisation circuit in the form of a coil tubing passing thought a bath. A sterilisation process involves the following sequential procedures. The sterilised cosmetic product is pre-heated in a pre-heating bath heated to temperature 90 degrees Celsius wherein the product is heated to temperature at least 70°C. It is followed by fast heating for a few seconds of the pre-heated cosmetic product in the heating bath heated to 180 degrees Celsius so that to heat the product to temperature at least 135°C. Then the heated cosmetic product is immediately and quickly frozen in a cooling glycolic bath. The cooled product is conditioned in the sterile environment. What is also presented is a device for implementing the method for cosmetic product sterilisation.
EFFECT: group of inventions enables preparing the cosmetic product with no preserving agents added.
4 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to pasteurisation of containers filled with liquid. Proposed device comprises heating zone, pasteurisation zone and cooling zone. Note here that each zone may consist of one or several segments incorporating sprinkling devices. To reproduce heat, sprinkling liquid of one or several segments is collected into entrapping containers and fed to another segment, or to the same segment, for heating or cooling. Said device comprises also heat pump communicated with one or several segments of pasteurisation zone or one or several segments of cooling zone via pipelines and feed devices so that portion of heat power of cooling zone segment liquid volume may be forced by said pump to pasteurisation zone segment. Note also that sprinkling device suction side incorporates mixing device or section to mix liquid flow fed by said pump with liquids of the same segment, other segments and/or fresh water.
EFFECT: simple and efficient temperature adjustment.
5 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention involves thermal treatment of a microcrystalline salt of cis-dichloroamminethylamine platinum (II) of high purity on the basic component not less than 99.5 mol % at temperature 115°C for 5 hours.
EFFECT: efficient method of obtaining sterilised microcrystalline salt of cis-dichloroamminethylamine platinum (II).
3 tbl, 2 ex
FIELD: medicine; pharmacology.
SUBSTANCE: microcrystallic salt of cis-dichloramminizopropylaminplatinum (II) of not less than 99.5% (mole per cent) cleanliness according to the basic component expose to heat treatment at temperature of 120°C within 4 hours.
EFFECT: method is simple and accessible to realisation in laboratory scale and allows obtaining the pure medicinal form of the compound, ready for application in injections.
2 ex, 3 tbl
SUBSTANCE: method of processing framed cells and transportation containers includes feeding the cells and containers to the processing line, processing in a thermal chamber and discharging. Note here that the said cells and containers are move in the said chamber at least, 150°C for, at least, 7 min, the baking chamber being used as a thermal chamber. The framed eggs cell are arranged in, at least 6 row on the moving screen hearth, while the containers are arranged in, at least, two rows. The aforesaid cells and containers are maid in, for example, wood or paper.
EFFECT: efficient termination of viruses.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: medical equipment.
SUBSTANCE: steriliser contains a working chamber with a tight cover, heating elements and a case wherein heat-carrier feed and discharge pipelines are placed, electromagnetic valves and control facilities. Pipelines feeding water and air in to the working chamber with the water heat-carrier, as well as top and bottom plum pipelines are supplied with manual gates. The case is made in the form of a box with a door. In the first variant of the steriliser on a door there are gauges indicating position of handles of the gates and connected to an interlock, the manual gates being installed so that their handles in the closed position, interact with the position gauges. In the second variant of the steriliser, the door is equipped with retainers interacting with handles of manual gates at their open position.
EFFECT: better reliability of sterilisation; simplification and reduction of the steriliser dimensions.
2 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: medical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device has mechanism for collecting air and member having cannula for supplying air in eye. Electric heater is available between the mechanism for collecting air and the member having cannula for supplying air in eye, and air-cooling chamber. The heater is steel tube having electric contacts, and the air-cooling chamber is silicone tube having diameter of at least 4 mm and length of at least 800 mm. Manometer is mounted after the mechanism for collecting air, and filter is available at the device entrance.
EFFECT: prolonged service life.