Insecticidal-fungicidal composition and method of control of cruciferous flea beetles and diseases of linseed flax

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: composition comprises insecticides Aktellic and Mospilan, fungicide Infinito, adhesive MiBAS, complex of micronutrients Aquamix, immunomodulator Silk, plant growth stimulator potassium humate in the following ratio of components, wt %: Aktellic 33.90-36.23; Mospilan 6.78-7.25; Infinito 16.95-17.30; MiBAS 28.98-33.90; Silk 3.39-4.35; Aquamix 1.45-1.69; potassium humate 3.39-4.35. The composition is used at a dose of 6.9 l/t of seeds.

EFFECT: invention enables to protect seedlings of linseed flax from its pests and diseases, in particular from crucifer flea beetles and fusariose, to increase its productivity.

2 cl, 5 tbl, 2 ex

 

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to chemical means of protection of plants from pests and diseases, in particular for control of cruciferous blockui and Fusarium linseed, and can be used for processing the seeds.

When determining the level of technology used publicly available information presents all the known sources of information.

For inlaying of flax seeds against pests and diseases in the Handbook of pesticides and agrochemicals permitted for use on the territory of the Russian Federation, drugs not.

It is known the use of cruiser, SK against a complex of pests of seedlings for seed treatment of canola, mustard and sunflower. The drug is very expensive to apply, with a high rate of flow of 10 l/t and has no additional fungicidal properties.

The permitted use of the drug for treatment of rapeseed Chinook, SK (100+100 g/l) against crucifer flea beetles on canola. Its expenditure rate up to 20 l/t of seed and high toxicity require special watertight installations for pre-treatment of seeds.

The above facts, as well as the complexity of use and high cost limits its use.

Known insecticide Furadan (LD505 mg/kg) for treatment of seeds of rape against Holy cross is Vatan flea beetles, also included in the list of pesticides and agrochemicals permitted for use on the territory of the Russian Federation, which is highly toxic and is allowed for use only with special hermetic processing of seeds, which are virtually absent in the collective and private farms. In this regard, the use of this drug in our country is extremely limited.

Closest to the claimed group of inventions (the prototype) is known insecticidal COMPOSITION FOR PRESOWING TREATMENT of SEEDS (patent RF №2116029, A01N 57/16), including fungicides TMTD (tetramethylthiuramdisulphide), APRON-35 (methyl ester of N-2,6-dimetilfenil)-N (2-methoxyacetophenone), insecticide ACTELLIC, 50% ke, in which the active substance -0,0-dimethyl-0-(2-diethylamino-6-methylpyrimidin-4) thiophosphate, foaming agent Na (sodium carboxymethyl cellulose) and water in the following ratios of components, mass.%:

TMTD - 10,4-13,2; APRON - 35-10,4-13,2; ACTELLIC - 6,7-15,6; N - 1,2-1,4; water - the rest, which handles the sunflower seeds at a rate of 10-15 l/tonne of seed.

The disadvantage of the prototype is the lack of efficiency of protection of germination of linseed from pests and diseases, because the insecticide ACTELLIC does not provide reliable protection of plants linseed from cruciferous flea beetles, and unsized TMTD not effective for disinfection of flax seeds from disease, and also used in the prototype as adhesive NaKM does not provide the necessary fixation of the components on the seeds of the flax oil and, in addition, its application (NaKM) poses certain problems in the preparation of working solution for seed treatment, as it requires the swelling of the substance and prolonged mixing. And, in addition, the presence of water of a known composition as an essential component of the composition complicates the technological process of processing flax seed, worsening their flowability, which further complicates the process of sowing seeds in the field.

The present invention solves the problem of increasing the yield of flax seeds and a wider variety of tools for combating soil pests, particularly cruciferous blockui, and diseases of this crop.

The purpose of the invention is to make the claimed composition insecticide properties, possessing not only the contact-intestinal effects on pests linseed, but also a systemic effect, thereby increasing the duration of their action, as well as the properties of the fungicide systemic action, penetrating the vascular plants of linseed and providing protection from vascular diseases-Fusarium, as well as the properties of the stimulator of plant growth to improve seed flax oil is knogo, and consequently, increase its productivity.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that the known insecticidal composition for presowing treatment of seeds, including insecticide actellic, fungicide and adhesive additionally contains the set of elements of Aquamix, immunomodulator silk, stimulator of plant growth HUMATE potassium, a second insecticide - Mospilan, SPM (20 g/kg), and as a fungicide, Infinito, KS (62,5+625 g/l) and as an adhesive - Mibas when the following ratio of components, wt.%:

Actellic33,90-36,23
Mospilan6,78-7,25
Infinito16,95-17,39
Mibas28,98-33,90
Silk3,39-4,35
Aquamix1,45-1,69
HUMATE potassium3,39-4,35

The technical result is also achieved by the fact that in the present method of control of cruciferous blockui and diseases of linseed by pre-sowing seed treatment composition comprising an insecticide actellic, fungicide and adhesive, according to the SNO invention as a composition use composition according to claim 1 of the formula of the invention at a dose of 6.9 l/tonne of seed.

Comparative analysis of the proposed technical solutions with prototypes allows us to conclude that the claimed group of inventions is different from the prototype qualitative composition: other than in the prototype, fungicide, Infinito, other adhesive - Mibas and additional components-Aquamix, silk, potassium HUMATE, Mospilan and quantitative dose to handle that part of the seed - 6.9 l/tonne of seed.

Thus, the claimed technical solution to meet the patentability criteria of "novelty".

Exploring the level of technology in the process of conducting a patent search all kinds of information, public printing, we found that the proposed technical solution: insecticide-fungicidal composition and method of control of cruciferous blockui and diseases of flax oil to a person skilled in the art is not obvious from the known current level of technology.

Joint application Anjelica, Mospilan, Infinito, Mimosa, Aquatics, potassium HUMATE and snare creates not only a high protective effect against crucifer flea beetles and diseases of flax oil, but also improves crop quality seeds, contributes to accelerated growth of aboveground mass and root system of the plants, stimulates plant resistance linseed pathogens and other stresses of the m factors, that allows to increase the yield of flax seeds. The ratio of ingredients and the dose of the inventive composition revealed by our research.

Therefore, we can conclude that the compliance group of the claimed inventions to the patentability criterion of “Inventive step”.

The proposed technical solution fit the patentability criterion of "Industrial applicability", as they can be used in agriculture. This will be described below means and methods by which you can implement the claimed inventions, as they are described in the claims. The invention is illustrated by the following examples.

Example 1. Preparation insectcide-fungicidal compositions with different ratios of components for seed treatment.

Prepared the "base" solution - a mixture consisting of 2.5 l of Anjelica, EC (500 g/l), 0.5 kg Mospilan, SPM (20 g/l), 1,2 l Infinito, KS (62,5+625 g/l), 2 l of Mimosa, 0.1 kg of Aquatics, 0.3 l of potassium HUMATE and 0.3 l of the snare. In a basic water solution was added. The General solution consumption is 6.9 l/t when the following ratio of components, wt.%:

Actellic36,23
Mospilan7,25
Infinito17,39
Mibas-2898
Aquamix1,45
HUMATE potassium4,35
Silk4,35

In addition, preparing the compositions of the prototype and the model. The obtained compositions were processed flax seed oil in incrustate, dividing the dosage applied composition into two parts, making them screw incrustate in two stages with careful stirring of the seeds at the maximum speed of the unit. The processing time and the discharge of seeds from the car 10 minutes

Example 2. Testing the claimed insecticide-fungicidal composition and method of combating pests and diseases of linseed, particularly cruciferous blockui and Fusarium in field conditions (table 1 and table 2).

The inventive tool is tested at the Central experimental basis VNIIMK, Krasnodar and in terms of the FSUE “Berezan”, Korenovsk, Krasnodar region in the active area action cruciferous flea beetles with density 20-24 ind. per 1 m2that is significantly higher than the economic threshold. Each version of the experiment occupied an area of 1 ha Before sowing the seeds of linseed handled InSec icide-fungicidal composition of calculation 6.9 l/tonne of seed.

Table 1
The effectiveness of protection of seedlings of flax oil from cruciferous flea beetles seed treatment insecticide-fungicidal composition, grade linseed VNIIMK 620, CAB VNIIMK, Krasnodar
The rate of flow of stock, l/tThe number of crucifer flea beetles, copies/m2
OptionBiological efficiency, %
200920102011average years
1. Controlb/a22,020,024,022,0-
2. Cruiser, SC (350 g/l) (standard)
6,010,08,010,09,358,0
3. The placeholder7,08,06,09,07,666,0
4. Avraamy composition
6,91,00,51,00,897,0

Table 2
The effectiveness of protection of seedlings of flax oil from diseases seed treatment insecticide-fungicidal composition, grade linseed VNIIMK 620, CAB VNIIMK, Krasnodar
The rate of flow of stock, l/tThe prevalence of Fusarium, %
Option
200920102011average years
1. Controlb/a7,58,610,08,7
2. Cruiser, SC (350 g/l) (standard)
6,07,27,59,0
3. The placeholder7,0the 4.73,24,14,0
4. Avraamy composition
6,90,51,01,50,7

The METHODOLOGY of the RESEARCH:

Agriculture cultivation accepted. With the emergence of seedlings in these plots reviewed all of budded plants and determined the number of pests on these plants and reducing the number of options in relation to the control.

Efficient processing of flax seeds various compositions were determined according to the formula of VNIIR:

E=100-b/a×100,

where e is the efficacy, expressed as % reduction in the number of flea beetles from the relative to the positive control;

In a number of flea beetles in the experience on the day of accounting,

A - the number of flea beetles in control on the day of accounting.

Disease prevalence (P) calculated by the formula:

P=nN100,

where N is the total number of user plants,

n is the number of plants affected by disease.

Biological efficiency is calculated by the formula:

C=100(and-in)and

where biological efficiency, %;

and the degree of development or the number of diseased plants in control;

in the degree of development or the number of diseased plants in the treated area.

Analysis of the obtained data allows to draw a conclusion about the advantages of the claimed ratios of the components in comparison with the prototype. The effectiveness of the proposed structure in optimal proportions of its components is increased relative to the prototype by 27% and the benchmark of 35% to 93% (table 1).

Table 3
Economic efficiency insecticide-fungicide what's compositions, grade linseed VNIIMK 620
The rate of flow of stock, l/tYield, t/ha
Option± to control t/ha
average years
200920102011
no processing
1. Control1,390,890,841,04-
2. Cruiser,SC (350 g/l) (standard)
6,01,410,920,891,07+0,03
3. The placeholder7,01,420,940,911,09+0,05
4. Avraamy composition6,91,381,091,111,19+0,15

Declare insecticide-fungicidal composition according to their biological effectiveness exceeds the action prototype 1.5 times and the effect of standard 1.7 times. As can be seen from table 3, the yield of linseed seed treatment inventive composition increases otnositel the control 0.15 t/ha and is located above the level of the prototype, exceeding it by 0.1 t/ha

Study of the effect of the claimed composition on the yield of linseed in the production field conditions OCX “Berezan” Korenovsk, Krasnodar region showed increased yields 0.15 t/ha compared to the control (table 3) on the area of 4 ha. table 5 cost-effectiveness of applying insecticide-fungicides composition for pre-treatment of flax seeds against pests and diseases, variety VNIIMK 620, (FSUE "Berezan", Korenovsk, Krasnodar region) 2011

Calculation of economic efficiency of application of the inventive composition and method of control of cruciferous blockui and diseases of flax oil in the production conditions of the FSUE “Berezan” showed net income 10134,72 RUB/ha and the level of profitability was almost 20.5 times higher than when using the prototype (table 5).

Thus, the claimed insecticide-fungicidal composition and method of control of cruciferous blockui and diseases of linseed, including the processing of seeds of this composition in the ratios specified in the claimed composition of table 1, can effectively protect the shoots of plants linseed from damage cruciferous blockui, diseases and earn income on 1 ruble cost more than 12.3 times b is the more standard - cruiser (table 5).

So, from the analysis of the data given in tables 1-5, it is seen that new qualitative composition of the proposed drug, including as a fungicide fungicide systemic action - INFINITO as adhesive-Mibas and optionally a second insecticide MOSPILAN, the set of elements of Aquamix, immunomodulator silk, stimulator of plant growth HUMATE potassium, provide a higher degree of protective properties of the composition in relation to stress and adverse environmental factors, higher immunity against diseases, in particular Fusarium, and more reliable protection from cruciferous flea beetles at a certain rate of application of the composition identified by the research.

From the above we can conclude that the claimed group of inventions allows you to more effectively protect the seedlings of flax oil from pests, in particular from cruciferous flea beetles and diseases, in particular from Fusarium, and to increase the yield of this culture, and to expand the range of means for the control of soil-inhabiting pests, i.e. to achieve the objectives and solve the problem.

1. Insecticide-fungicidal composition for the control of cruciferous blockui and diseases of linseed, including insecticide actellic, fungicide and adhesive, featuring the the action scene, which further contains a set of trace elements Aquamix, immunomodulator silk, stimulator of plant growth HUMATE potassium, a second insecticide - Mospilan, and as a fungicide - Infinite and as adhesive - Mibas when the following ratio of components, wt.%:

Actellic33,90-36,23
Mospilan6,78-7,25
Infinito16,95-17,39
Mibas28,98-33,90
Silk3,39-4,35
Aquamix1,45-1,69
HUMATE potassium3,39-4,35

2. The way to deal with cruciferous blockui and diseases of linseed by seed treatment composition comprising an insecticide actellic, fungicide and adhesive, characterized in that the composition use composition according to claim 1 of the formula of the invention at a dose of 6.9 l/tonne of seed.



 

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10 cl, 144 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biochemistry. The invention involves steaming hay in a water condensate at temperature of up to 100°C and weight ratio of vegetable material to condensate of 1:11, adding trace elements and macro-elements in form of an aqueous solution of metal salts to obtain an enriched hay suspension, conducting high-temperature hydrolysis of the enriched hay suspension at temperature of 150-160°C and pressure of 4.5-6 atm for 40-90 min to obtain a concentrated hydrolysate, multiple recycling of the concentrated hydrolysate, wherein each recycling step involves loading a new portion of hay, water condensate and trace and macro-elements into the steaming unit and removing wastes from the concentrated hydrolysate. The mass of the reloaded hay, water condensate and trace and macro-elements should be equivalent to the mass of wastes. Upon achieving concentration of nutrients of more than 5% in the concentrated hydrolysate, a portion of the concentrated hydrolysate is fed for steaming at temperature of 60-120°C to obtain a concentrated product - the desired biologically active preparation, wherein an equivalent amount of the water condensate and trace and macro-elements is fed into the hay steaming unit.

EFFECT: invention increases cucumber yield.

4 cl, 3 tbl, 1 dwg, 3 ex

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