Solar-wind water distiller

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: solar-wind water distiller comprises a reservoir for water desalination, a transparent condenser installed above it with a nozzle for outlet of the steam and air mixture in the upper part with a propeller installed in it and fixed on the shaft of the wind engine. A non-transparent condenser is installed above the transparent one, being connected in the upper part with a circulating pipeline, which ends with a circular distributor in the reservoir. A conical tube is fixed to the shaft on the lower and upper crosspieces, and the tube has helical triangular thread on the outer surface in the direction opposite to the rotation of the disc, with which it is partially connected. On the surface of the non-transparent condenser there are toroids, which are hydraulically communicated by pipes with a chute communicated with a pipeline with a reservoir of fresh water.

EFFECT: water distiller, if wind is available, will also work at night time.

3 cl, 2 dwg

 

The invention relates to heat engineering, in particular to a device for saline water desalination using solar and wind energies.

Known friction heater containing a tank with the heated environment at the bottom of which has a fixed disk in contact with a movable disk having laterally of the blade, and he through a vertical shaft connected to the turbine (A.S. No. 1627790, USSR).

Known heat storage capsule, containing a sealed casing filled with teplokomunenergo composition, altering its physical state in the operating temperature range (RF Patent No. 2143646, 1949).

A device for humidifying air, containing a rotating disk with a Central conical tube, immersed in a container of water and extending to the disk, and on the outer surface of the tube is screw triangular cuts in the opposite direction to the rotation of the disk surface from the side of the vessel is made concave (A.S. No. 928138, USSR, 1982).

In the humidifier spray water occurs simultaneously on two sides of a rotating disk, which facilitates its evaporation.

Known solar desalination plant that contains the evaporator in the form of pools of salt water, attached to the condenser, turbine, which drive the impeller on what I'm blowing the surface of the water, attached to the condenser, turbine, which drive the impeller for cooling the surface of the water, as well as additional capacitor, made in the form of a tapered tube, the inside of the turbine shaft on its axis (A.S. No. 819522, USSR).

In the known design of the desalination plant does not provide additional heating of the salt water in the pool other types of energy sources, which reduces its efficiency, and does not use it solar and wind energy.

The closest to the technical nature of the claimed solution is solar-wind desalination plant that contains the capacity for desalinating water with a friction heater mounted above the transparent capacitor with a pipe to exit steam-air mixture in the upper part, which is equipped with a supercharger, made in the form of impellers mounted on the shaft of a wind turbine and blades in the form of semi-cylinders on the longline, mounted on the shaft inside the opaque condenser and circulating pipeline is installed loop heat exchanger in the form of a solar collector associated with the coil placed in the vessel (Patent RF №2354895, 2009)

In the famous desalination plant and the evaporation of salt water produced with a fixed surface, insufficient heating of the steam-air mixture Sunny Lu is AMI, partially heated salt water in the tank.

To eliminate these disadvantages of the proposed solar-wind desalination plant that contains the capacity for desalinating water, mounted above the transparent capacitor with a pipe to exit steam-air mixture in the upper part, which has the pressurizer in the idea of the impeller, mounted on the shaft of a wind turbine. Opaque condenser is located above the transparent top which is installed on the shaft of the impeller. The upper part of the opaque condenser through a heat exchanger in communication with the circulation pipe with the annular valve located in the tank above the water level down in her conical tube rigidly connected with the drive according to the invention the annular valve located in the tank has three concentric pipe rings with holes, worn on their heat storage capsules. The shaft is attached a conical tube with the outer surface of the spiral triangular cuts in the opposite direction to the rotation of the disk with which it is rigidly connected with the disc placed on top of the tube has a surface coaxial grooves and drain holes. On the surface of the opaque capacitor fixed the Torah, which is hydraulically communicated to the tubes with patronymic chute, reported by pipeline with capacity of fresh water. Loop heat exchanger is installed in a closed case having a front side transparent, and the rear - mirror, and standpipes part of the circulation pipe is made in the form of heat exchanger pipe in pipe, the annular space which is filled with heat-retaining material.

In the drawings there is shown a solar-wind desalination plant, in which figure 1 presents the section, and figure 2 - his ring dispenser.

Solar-wind desalination plant containing container 1 for desalinating water, above it is set to transparent capacitor 2 to the pipe 3 in the upper part. Opaque condenser 4, mounted on a transparent capacitor 2, the top pneumatically communicated to the circulation pipe 5 with the annular valve 6 located in the tank 1, having three concentric pipe ring 7 with the holes 8 and wears them heat storage capsules 9. The mirror shaft 10 with flange PTO, bottom with the free rotation is set in a fixed metallic disk 12, is attached in the center of the bottom 13 of the tank 1. To the shaft 10 attached below: the rotating disk 14 with blades 15, bottom 16 and top 17 krestovica conical tube 18 and the lower impeller 19. In the upper part of the shaft 10 attached: top krylchatka, the blades 21 in the form of semi-cylinders are on the longline, mostly opposite tori 22 mounted on the opaque surface of the capacitor 4, and the average impeller 23. The condenser 4 is surrounded by reflective housing 24, the Torah 22 which is hydraulically communicated to the tube 25 with the groove 26 and pipe 27 with a capacity of fresh water. On the pipe 5 is installed in a closed case 30 loop heat exchanger 31, the idea of the solar collector is placed in the zone of action of the sun's rays at an angle alpha equal to 30-45 degrees from the vertical. The case 30 has a front side transparent, and the rear - mirror. Standpipe portion 32 of the pipe 5 is made in the form of heat exchanger pipe in pipe, between the pipe filled with the heat storage material 33. The disk 34, located on the top rigidly connected to tapered tube 18 has a surface coaxial grooves 35 and the drain 36.

In the cavity 37 of the condenser 4 by means of a pipeline section 5 and capacities impellers 19 and 23, should be maintained excess pressure (boost), for ozonation air-steam mixture through the holes 8, the ring of the distributor 6.

The turbine is attached to the flange 11 (not shown), existing structures and should ensure efficient operation of the desalination plant. For the supply of salt water into the container 1 includes a line is the gadfly 37 with automatic power supply (not shown), when the content in the brine above acceptable salts, as measured by solumedrol 38, it is drained through the pipe 39.

The diameters of the holes 8 in the annular valve 6 increases from the entrance of the circulation pipe 5 and to the last of the parties to the rings of the distributor 6.

Solar-wind desalination plant works as follows.

Salt water from the pipe 37 enters the tank 1 and is maintained at a constant level. During the day it is heated by solar rays and wind - friction heat generator (disks 12 and 16), thereby the process of evaporation. Rotating conical tube 18 lifts up part of the salt water above and below the disk 34 and thereby increases the surface evaporation by 20-30%. Not evaporated water is discharged from the edge of the disk 34 and openings 36 back into the tank 1 and then the process repeats. The lower impeller 19 raises the resulting vapor mixture and delivers it up to the condenser 4. Part of the vapor deposited and condensed on the wall of the condenser 2 and the wall in the groove 28, the remaining portion of the vapor in the condenser 4 will ambrosisa blades 21 in its wall and the Torah 22, condenseries and will flow down the tubes 25 and the wall of the chute 26. Remaining at the top of the condenser 4 steam-air mixture through the heat exchanger 31 and the pipe 5 will be received in the annular valve 6 and through holes 8, through SL the St salt water, penetrated into the space of the condenser 2, giving heat to the water. Then the process will repeat. Cell 9 with the heat storage composition, also heated to the temperature of the water in the tank 1. In the case of reducing the force of the wind or the appearance of clouds, the 9 cell will give stocked their heat to water and to maintain its temperature at a constant level.

The heat exchanger 31, the prisoner in the box 30, the faster heats the environment within it, and in the presence of clouds retains heat longer. Standpipes part of the pipeline 5 is outside the pipe 32 with a larger diameter, between them is the heat storage material, contributing to maintain the steam-air mixture in the pipe 5 at a constant level.

The impeller 20 is pumping cold air between the condenser 4 and the casing 24, the cooling of the walls of the condensers 4 and 2, the Torah 22, and prevents the heating of these surfaces rising currents of warm air.

The resulting condensate from the grooves 26 and 28 through the pipes 27 and 29 is supplied to the consumer.

In the proposed desalination plant and the heating of sea water in the tank 1 is friction teplogeneratorom, and heated in the heat exchanger 31 of the vapor mixture flowing in the annular distributor, and through his hole moves up through the water column in the tank 1.

The presence of a conical tube 18 part Sol is Noah water rises and thereby increases its surface evaporation by 20-30%.

The proposed desalination plant and if the wind is going to work and at night with reduced performance. Its use is appropriate in the southern regions of Russia on the shores of salt lakes and seas, to obtain fresh water.

1. Solar-wind desalination plant that contains the capacity for desalinating water, mounted above the transparent capacitor with a pipe to exit steam-air mixture in the upper part, which is equipped with a supercharger, made in the form of impellers mounted on the shaft of a wind turbine, and an opaque condenser located above the transparent top which is installed on the shaft, the impeller, the upper part of the opaque condenser through a heat exchanger in communication with the circulation pipe with the annular valve located in the tank below the water level, hanging in her conical tube rigidly connected with the disc, characterized in that the annular valve located in the tank has three concentric pipe rings with holes or worn on their heat storage capsules and to the shaft bottom to the bottom and top crosspieces attached conical tube with the outer surface of the spiral triangular cuts in the opposite direction to the rotation of the disk with which it is rigidly connected with the disc placed on top of the tube, is n the surface coaxial grooves and drain.

2. The desalination plant according to claim 1, characterized in that the surface of the opaque capacitor fixed the Torah, which is hydraulically communicated tubes with groove reported by pipeline with capacity of fresh water.

3. The desalination plant according to claim 1, wherein the loop heat exchanger is installed in a closed case having a front side transparent, and the rear - mirror, and standpipes part of the circulation pipe is made in the form of a heat exchanger pipe, the annular space which is filled with the heat storage material.



 

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