Device to remove dirt from irrigating channels

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: device includes an elastic cloth installed across the flow. The elastic cloth is made as meshed according to shape and size of the flow and is fixed to the frame. The frame is installed on a rotary crosspiece, which has a drive. At the same time the frame comprises a rotary axis parallel to the direction of the flow with the possibility of frame rotation with the elastic cloth perpendicularly to the direction of the flow and fixation of the frame in the necessary position. At the side part of the crosspiece there is a loading cart for removal of dirt.

EFFECT: increased quality of irrigating water treatment, simplified design and reduced energy intensity of treatment.

4 dwg

 

The invention relates to hydraulic structures and can be used to remove contaminants from the bed of irrigation canals.

A known method of purification of channels, including cutting trees and shrubs and weeds along the berms and slopes of irrigation canals, removal of cut vegetation and treatment of stumps and stubble after cutting, while before processing stumps of bushes and stubble of weeds removal of cut vegetation with berms and slopes produce a water wash on the bottom of the channel, stumps and stubble is milled at a minimum acceptable height, shredded fraction, silt, mineral and other rubbish wash on the bottom of the channel, raise the water level in the channel 1/4...1/3 of its height and discharge, a large fraction extracted from the surface of the protective gratings, and the fine fraction catch mesh nets (RU, patent for invention №2270290 C1 IPC EV 3/02, EV 15/00).

The disadvantages of this method include the difficulty of execution, low quality water purification, washing away the dirt on the bottom of the channel, the possibility of destruction of slopes under the water wash.

A known method of purification of channels, including cutting trees and shrubs and weeds along the berms and slopes of irrigation canals, removal of cut vegetation and treatment of stumps and stubble after cutting, while re the treatment of stumps of woody shrubs and stubble of weeds removal of cut vegetation with berms and slopes produce a water wash on the bottom of the channel, stumps and stubble is milled, leaving their height 4...6 cm, crushed fraction, silt, mineral and other rubbish wash on the bottom of the channel, the water level in the channel up to 1/4-1/3 of the height of the channel and drop a large fraction extracted from the surface of the protective grilles and small fractions catch mesh nets (RU, patent for invention №2280127 C2, IPC EV 3/02).

The disadvantages of this method include the difficulty of execution, low quality water treatment, the possibility of destruction of slopes under the water wash, the repetition of operations, increased energy intensity.

A device to clean the sediment beds of rivers and canals, containing the actuator, the hydraulic Ripper sediments and the mechanism of its movement, the actuator is made of at least one water wheel pump, feed water in line for erosion of sediment, associated with the shaft gear mounted on the shaft of the water-wheel, and mechanism for moving hydraulic Ripper sediment is supplied mounted on a support movable frame with two stops fixed frame with two stops and a plate fixed on the axis in the moving frame and alternately resting on stops moving and stationary frames to move hydraulic Ripper sediment type fishtail (RU, patent for invention №2395640 C1 IPC EV 3/02).

the disadvantages of this device include the complexity of the design, low quality water treatment, high energy.

Known control device, including installed across the flow of elastic cloth, the upper edge of which is attached to the float, and the lower edge does not reach the bottom and equipped with a cargo attached to the floating means, the float with the help of braces attached to the supporting rope, both ends of which is connected to a floating facility, the cargo is also connected by cables to a floating tool (RU, patent for invention №2291930 C1 IPC EV 3/02).

The disadvantages of this device include the inability to discharge the collected sediment transport means for removal, a significant increase in the flow resistance in the channel, no chance of contamination throughout the cross section of the channel and their uniform distribution on the panel.

This control unit is adopted us as the nearest equivalent.

The problem to which the invention is directed, - improving the quality of clean irrigation water, simplifying the design, reducing the intensity of treatment.

The technical result improved quality cleaning of irrigation water and the reliability of irrigation machines.

This technical result is achieved in that the device d is I remove contaminants from irrigation canals, includes installed across the flow of elastic cloth, according to the invention the elastic cloth is made of a mesh shape and size of the stream and secured to the frame, installed on a rotary spider having an actuator, the frame has a rotary axis parallel to the direction of flow can be rotated frame with elastic panel perpendicular to the flow direction and fixing the frame in position, at the side of the crosses provided by the shipping truck to remove the dirt.

Conducted by the Applicant's analysis of the prior art, including searching by the patent and scientific and technical information sources and identify sources that contain information about the equivalents of the claimed invention, has allowed to establish that the Applicant is not detected similar, characterized by all the features of the claimed invention. Therefore, the claimed invention meets the requirement of "Novelty" under the current law.

The invention is illustrated by drawings.

Figure 1 shows a device for removing contaminants from irrigation canals, side view.

Figure 2 - the same, top view.

Figure 3 is a side view with a raised panel.

Figure 4 is a front view in the process of removing contaminants from a panel.

Information confirming the possibility Rea is Itachi of the claimed invention, are the following.

Device for removing contaminants from irrigation canals is set on the banks of the 1 irrigation canal and includes a rotatable crossbar 2, mounted on the axis 3. Perpendicular to the axis 3 are pivoted axis 4, allowing for rotation of the armature 5 with elastic panel 6 perpendicular to the direction of flow. On the opposite side of the frame 5 rests on the tabs 7. To drive the rotary yoke 2 and the frame 5 is provided a driving device 8. At the side of the yoke 2 is provided by the shipping cart 9.

Device for removing contaminants from irrigation canals is fixed to the shores of the 1 channel and has the ability to rotate on the axis 3.

When lowered into the bed of the frame 5 pollution kept mesh panel 6 and the intake enters the treated irrigation water.

As soon as the amount of pollution begins to cause flow resistance, activates the actuator rotation of the spider 2 and contaminated cloth 6 out of the stream and the frame 5 is installed in a horizontal position. The remediation will be conducted in the following frame with a clean cloth 6.

Raised in a horizontal position, the frame 5 is rotated to the vertical position and angle needed to remove the dirt from the cloth 6 (figure 4). is ugrasena loaded into the truck 9 and removed for use in fertilizers.

The use of a rotary frame with mesh panel installed on the d-pad, provides quality cleaning of irrigation water, simplifies the design and reduces the consumption of cleaning.

Device for removing contaminants from irrigation canals, including installed across the flow of elastic cloth, characterized in that the elastic cloth is made of a mesh shape and size of the stream and secured to the frame, installed on a rotary spider having an actuator, the frame has a rotary axis parallel to the direction of flow can be rotated frame with elastic panel perpendicular to the flow direction and fixing the frame in position, at the side of the crosses provided by the shipping truck to remove the dirt.



 

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FIELD: engines and pumps.

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FIELD: construction.

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FIELD: hydraulic engineering.

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FIELD: metallurgy.

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FIELD: construction.

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5 dwg

FIELD: transport.

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FIELD: construction.

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1 dwg

FIELD: construction.

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1 dwg

FIELD: construction.

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2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: ecology.

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EFFECT: increased reliability and efficiency of protection of hydrological net from extreme oil pollution in emergency situations in the pipeline transport.

2 cl, 1 dwg

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