Hpp building with staggered location of units
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydraulic engineering and may be used in construction of hydraulic power plants in restricted conditions. The proposed task is solved by the fact that the proposed design of the hydraulic power plant building may locate a large number of units arranged in the horizontal plane at one elevation. The hydraulic power plant includes a turbine hall 1 and hydraulic units 2 arranged in rows. Hydraulic units 2 are arranged in one horizontal plane so that hydraulic units of the next row are placed in the gaps between hydraulic units of the previous row. Arrangement of hydraulic units in two rows, spiral chambers of which are displaced relative to each other, makes it possible to approach axes of the units towards to each other, and thus to reduce length of the HPP turbine hall. Arrangement of the hydraulic power plant building may be across the river bed or at the angle to the river bed.
EFFECT: reduced length of an HPP building results in reduction of capital intensity of the entire hydraulic engineering facility.
3 cl, 2 dwg
The invention relates to hydropower and can be used in the construction of hydropower plants in cramped conditions.
Known hydroelectric power plant, in which for placement on a short pressure front of the greatest number of units are the last rows and rows of units shifted relative to each other in horizontal and vertical planes (see SU 130411 A1, publ. 1960).
The disadvantage of this technical solution is the significant height of the building hydroelectric power plants due to the displacement of the hydraulic units in the vertical plane.
Known hydropower plant, including the engine room and the units, located in rows, and the subsequent units of the number placed in the gaps between the units of the previous row (see SU 1038410 A, publ. 1983). Such arrangement of the units in the power house allows you to maximize power generation from a single target HPS, but the height of the building increases sharply. The described scheme can be applied to create, for example, tidal hydroelectric power station, which has a large depth of laying the Foundation of the station.
The aim of the invention is to provide a building construction of hydroelectric power, with possibly large number of devices located in a horizontal plane on one of the heights of the th mark. This need arises when considering the option of building in constraint (mountain) conditions.
Below the horizontal plane of the arrangement of units you can understand the plane passing, for example, a bottom guide vanes for Kaplan and Francis turbines or axis of rotation of the feeding the turbine with vertically arranged impeller.
The location of the building of hydroelectric power station across the river means its location at an angle of 90°relative to the direction of the river.
The location of the building of the hydroelectric power station at an angle to the river channel means its location is at an angle other than 90°relative to the direction of the river.
The essence of the invention (utility model) is illustrated by drawings, where figure 1 shows a plan drawing of the location of the units, figure 2 shows a section a-a in figure 1.
Hydroelectric includes computer room units 1 and 2 with the inlet 3 and outlet 4 water lines.
Most of the dimensions in the plan element of the hydraulic turbine is a spiral chamber. The largest size it reaches when using high-pressure turbines, equipped with impeller radial-axial type. Reducing the length of the station, where the units are located in one row, it is constrained by the width of the spiral to the measures. There are a large number of sites, where the size of the building plays an important role in the overall layout diagram of the unit. This situation occurs, as a rule, in the highlands, where to locate the building HES the most difficult due to the cramped conditions of the target construction. In this case, we search for the optimal layout decisions regarding the location of the power house, where the total length of the building is a critical parameter.
The effect of this proposal is to position units in two rows, with one row of units is closer to the wall of the power house, located on the side of the upstream and the other closer to the wall, located on the downstream side; a spiral chamber adjacent in different rows of units are shifted relative to each other across the width of the HPP building and their location in the plan can be called a "checkerboard" arrangement. This location allows you to bring the axis of the units to each other and thereby reduce the length of the machine at the powerhouse. The decrease of the length of the building also leads to lower capital intensity total hydropower object.
With this arrangement, the maximum convergence of the axes of the units will be determined by the width of the suction pipe of the turbines and the thickness of the concrete wall between them. The practice of construction and operation of hydropower plants with RA the personal types of units shows the thickness "b" concrete walls (Figure 1) between the flowing parts of the suction pipe of the turbines is determined by the strength of the structure, perceiving static and dynamic loads.
The distance between the axes of two adjacent rows of units is limited by the capabilities of handling equipment, used as the main mounting element and the size of the hydrogenerator, located at higher elevations relative to the spiral chamber. The choice of the optimal distance "B" (see Figure 1) is determined by optimizing the design of the entire building HPP.
Design studies of this proposal shows that the total reduction in capital investment in the building of hydroelectric power station, based on the two-row arrangement of the units can be up to 14%.
1. Hydroelectric power plant including the engine room and the units, located in rows, and the subsequent units of the number placed in the gaps between the units of the previous row, characterized in that the generating units are located in the same horizontal plane, while the units of the next row is placed in between the units of the previous row.
2. The hydroelectric power plant according to claim 1, characterized in that the power station building is located across the river.
3. Hydroele TRISTANIA according to claim 1, characterized in that the power station building is located at an angle to the river.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: method to control a hydraulic accumulating station (HAS), comprising at least two energy systems, one of which is energy excessive, the other one - energy deficit, and at least two units, on the shaft of each one there is a reversible electric machine and a reversible hydraulic machine, consists in the fact that stator windings of the electric machine of the first unit are connected to the first energy system in the motor mode with the hydraulic machine in the pump mode. Stator windings of the electric machine of the first unit are connected to the energy excessive system. Simultaneously stator windings of the electric machine of the second unit are connected to the energy deficit system in the generator mode with the hydraulic machine in the turbine mode.
EFFECT: higher usage of installed HAS equipment and reduced HAS payback period.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises a lower reach 1, an upper reach 2, a water conduit 3, a turbogenerator 4 and surfaces 5. Surfaces 5 are made as capable of receiving atmospheric moisture from the air flow and delivering it to the upper reach. Besides, surfaces 5 are raised to the height above the dew point for these atmospheric conditions. To support the surfaces 5, balloons or airships 6 are used.
EFFECT: expansion of functional capabilities and increased specific capacity of HPP by using maximum possible difference of heights between upper and lower reaches from height of actual condensation of atmospheric moisture in a cloud to ground level.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: foundation under a common structure is assembled from steel or reinforced concrete blocks having sufficient buoyancy reserve, which are towed to the place of riverbed closure, where concrete stops are previously installed to ensure stop of the foundation at the specified point. One of the stops is connected with a coupling dam, under which sag pipes are laid for their connection with water conduits of float power units. Work is completed on build-up of walls on the foundation, using finished standard reinforced concrete boards, inserting them into reinforced concrete stands, and simultaneously the built-up walls at the side of the air lock outside is strengthened by inwash soil. Then both pairs of two-fold gates are installed, leaving them open before the sag pipes are laid, and a passage is closed, which is arranged between the wall of the lock chamber and the coupling dam of the opposite shore of the river. After float power units have been installed and connected to water conduits and power grid, and the site is closed by gates, the float hydraulic power plant with the matched lock chamber is commissioned.
EFFECT: possibility to simplify construction of a float hydraulic power plant combined with a lock chamber.
2 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: estuary is protected against sea waters with a breakwater (dam) and gates that open to empty the estuary in case of ebb. A canal is laid along the river-sea line with installation of water conduits in its boards (walls) in the quantity equal to the design quantity of float power units. Upon completion of laying works at the side of the sea the water area is closed with gates locked at the pressure of the river flow during ebb and opened with another tide overcoming the river flow, which provides for passage of vessels, also tugboats with float power units to the place of their installation.
EFFECT: no-pause operation of float power units installed along both boards of a canal.
SUBSTANCE: hydraulic accumulating power plant comprises a pond located on the earth surface, a water intake facility, a vertical shaft of a discharge water conduit, a communication shaft, aeration shafts, a vertical shaft of power discharge, a turbine room with aggregate blocks, a bottom pond with the main chambers and an inclined transport tunnel. The bottom pond additionally comprises short tunnels, connecting galleries, a switching chamber, discharge connecting water conduits and a distribution chamber. The main chambers of the bottom pond are made in the form of spirally arranged tunnels of round cross section in plan and are connected to each other by means of connecting galleries. Aggregate blocks of the plant unit by means of suction pipes and short tunnels are connected with the distribution chamber, which in its turn is connected with the main chambers of the bottom pond with the help of discharge connecting water conduits. The method for tunnelling of the bottom pond includes tunnelling of the main inclined transport tunnel from the surface to the underground structures with the help of a tunnelling mechanised complex and erection of the main chambers of the bottom pond. When the bottom pond main chambers are tunnelled, the switching chamber is arranged to redistribute rock discharge during tunnelling and to reduce length of rock discharge along a conveyor.
EFFECT: possibility to arrange high-discharge hydraulic accumulating power plants on plane territories, at large depths from 300 m to 2000 m, optimisation of works performance and maximum mechanisation of tunnelling of underground mines, by means of wide usage of efficient tunnelling mechanised complexes.
2 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: mobile small hydro-electric station of sleeve type with a transverse jet turbine includes a water-retaining shell fixed in the upper part due to back stays and guy lines of fitting to coastal anchor supports, and in the lower part by means of a unit of fixation to an apron fixed by bed anchors to the bottom of the watercourse. The water-retaining shell has cuts at the side of coastal abutments symmetrically relative to a flexible sleeve for provision of its protection against direct exposure of the flow as it overflows via a crest into a lower reach. A hydraulic unit is installed on a water-filled shell jointly with the flexible sleeve and has a flow rate controller and a servodrive, which provide for its most optimal operation.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to create a temporary hydroeconomic unit that solves local power supply, irrigation, water supply, fish farming, and also provides for confinement of forest fire spread, provides for the possibility of multiple usage of the proposed structure under emergency situations.
SUBSTANCE: hydraulic accumulating power station comprises a pool located on earth surface, a water intake facility, a vertical discharge water duct, a communication shaft, an aeration shaft, an inclined shaft of power delivery, a station unit with hydraulic units, a lower pool with main chambers and an inclined transport tunnel. The lower pool additionally contains short tunnels, connecting galleries, discharge connecting water ducts and a distributing chamber. Main chambers of the lower pool are made in the form of helically arranged tunnels in plan. The station unit with hydraulic units is placed in the centre of spirals of the lower pool. Hydraulic units of the station unit by means of suction pipes and short tunnels are connected with the distributing chamber, which by means of discharge connecting water ducts arranged radially relative to it, is connected with the main chambers of the lower pool. The lower pool is tunnelled by a combined method consisting in tunnelling of the main inclined transport tunnel from the surface to underground facilities with the help of a tunnelling mechanised complex and arrangement of main chambers of the lower pool. At the same time in parallel to the main inclined tunnel an additional transport tunnel is arranged, and then the lower pool is arranged, which is a continuation of transport tunnels. The lower pool is arranged in two stages: at the first stage a pilot mine is tunnelled with an open tunnelling mechanised complex, and at the second stage, using blast-hole drilling, it is finalised to design contour. Simultaneously with tunnelling of the main chambers of the lower pool they arrange a station unit with hydraulic units, which is located in the centre of spirals of the lower pool.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to solve a problem of placement of high-discharge hydraulic accumulating power plants in plain territories, by arrangement of a lower pool and a discharge station unit under earth at depths from 300 m to 2000 m, and to optimise works performance and to mechanise tunnelling of underground mines to the maximum, through joint usage of open production tunnelling mechanised complexes and up-to-date equipment complex for performance of blast-hole drilling.
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: hydroelectric plant includes a housing made in the form of a vertical cylindrical chamber and a cylinder installed inside it at some distance, which form a composite channel, a compressor station interconnected via an air pipeline to a receiving chamber, a hydrojet turbine with the main generator, which is installed at the outlet of the turbine pipeline located in upper part of the receiving chamber, working fluid storage and level sensors. The plant is equipped with Pelton-type turbines with generators, the first and the second elevated tanks, additional level sensors, one of which is located in the first elevated tank, and the second one is located in the second elevated tank, and an air tank interconnected via an additional air pipeline with a check valve to the first elevated tank. Elevated tanks are installed inside upper part of the cylinder. The first elevated tank has the shape of a funnel, which is connected in the middle to the turbine pipeline. The second elevated tank is put on the first elevated tank and equipped with pressure hoses located in the first tank so that their outlets are located above the funnel opening of the first elevated tank. Pelton-type turbines are installed opposite nozzles of the hydrojet turbine along the perimeter of the receiving chamber. The receiving channel connects the receiving chamber to the second elevated tank. The storage is located in upper part of the housing. On pressure hoses and at the inlet of the turbine pipeline there installed are valves, and on some shafts with turbines there installed are flywheels.
EFFECT: lower consumption of power required for water return to water storage reservoir.
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: hydroelectric power plant includes a channel connected to a water reservoir initiating a dynamic flow and orthogonal turbines located inside the channel. The channel represents a pipe consisting of connecting links and provided with the turbines equally spaced throughout the pipe length. Turbines are made in the form of tubular modules with a drive shaft outlet and have the possibility of installing the modules between the connecting links of the pipe. In addition, annular elements of aerodynamic profile are fixed in modules.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of a hydroelectric power plant, lower structural complexity and metal consumption of the device, improved manufacturability, installation and operation and uniform distribution of loads between turbines.
4 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: hydroelectric power plant includes water intake located outside bed of river, main capacity, pressure waterway and waterway of turbines. Along the whole bed of river there arranged is n regulating water reservoirs for water collection, each of which is equipped with a filling channel connected to the river bed and made in upper place as to level and dam with the height of up to upper level, which is made in lower place as to level. Discharge pipeline interconnected with river bed and equipped with a gate valve is installed at lower point of each regulating water reservoir. The main capacity is made in the form of the main water reservoir located below regulating water reservoirs in the section with high level difference and equipped with filling channel connected to the river bed, and dam with height of up to upper level, which are made in upper and lower places respectively as to water level. Pressure waterway is installed downstream as to level of the main water reservoir and made in the form of pressure pipelines with length of not less than 12-15 km depending on river water level difference in order to obtain the required head, which leave the main water reservoir. Pressure pipelines consist of winter pressure pipeline for minimum water flow rate and n summer pressure pipelines for maximum water flow rate. Pressure pipelines are connected to turbine waterway. Hydroelectric power plant also includes compensation water body located at the head level of turbine waterway, which is connected to waterway of turbines and equipped with pump group.
EFFECT: increasing operating efficiency of hydroelectric power plant.
FIELD: hydraulic and hydropower engineering, particularly for building water-retaining structures to provide power supply to small settlements and farms.
SUBSTANCE: method involves assembling flexible apron assembly consisted of flexible floor apron and flexible downstream apron in watercourse; securing thereof to watercourse bottom by anchors. Water outlet assembly including hydroelectric generator arranged inside it is secured to floor apron and downstream apron by rigid ties. Connected to water outlet assembly by ties are water retaining shell and rope system secured to anchor poles located on watercourse bank.
EFFECT: reduced time of structure assembling and costs for electric power generation.
FIELD: hydraulic engineering, particularly for passing maximal flood water volumes when it is impossible to transmit thereof through hydroelectric generator.
SUBSTANCE: structure comprises water discharge orifice with gate, hydraulic generator unit with turbine chamber connected with deep -seated water line by suction tube leading to waterway chute located in upper part of hydraulic generator unit and provided with duplicate gate. Opening is formed in deep -seated water line located in area of abutment thereof to turbine chamber. Additional gate is installed in the opening. Water discharge orifice is connected with the opening and waterway chute. Curtain wall forming deep -seated water line is installed in water discharge orifice area. Additional gate is made as a valve with two-sided lining pivotally connected with turbine chamber roof part. Bulwark may be detachably installed in front part of the structure.
EFFECT: increased operational reliability due to prevention of discharged water entrance in waterway part of turbine chamber, possibility of structure connection to surface spillway structure, for instance to concrete dam.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: hydraulic and hydraulic power building, particularly to erect water-retaining structure, for instance to erect small-scale emergency mobile hydraulic power plants, which use flow kinematic energy.
SUBSTANCE: method involves assembling flexible apron in water stream channel, wherein the flexible apron comprises flexible upstream apron and flexible downstream apron; fastening apron to water stream channel bed by anchors; connecting water-discharge means provided with hydroelectric generating set installed in water-discharge means to flexible downstream apron; securing water-retaining shell along with rope system fastened to anchor supports to water-discharge means, wherein water-retaining shell is attached to anchors by flexible stay system.
EFFECT: increased reliability of protection against emergency situations, reduced costs and labor inputs for structure erection.
FIELD: hydroenergetics, particularly water-power plants, namely pumped-storage plants, which generate power in on-peak period.
SUBSTANCE: pumped-storage station comprises upper and lower accumulation pools connected with each other by means of pressure waterway, hydroelectric generators and supplementary equipment. Upper accumulation pool is arranged in completed breakage heading of upper horizon adjoining shaft or in waste dump formed on ground surface during deposit development. Lower accumulation pool is located in completed breakage heading of lower horizon adjoining the shaft. Each accumulation pool located in completed breakage heading is made as breakage headings communicated with each other through cross headings passing through barrier pillars in upper and lower parts thereof. The breakage headings are separated from active mines with water-tight partitions and connected with atmosphere through inclined cross-headings extending from the shaft. Hydroelectric generators are installed in headings made at shaft bottom in lower horizon. Pressure waterway is arranged in shaft.
EFFECT: decreased costs for pumped-storage plant erection.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed hydroelectric power station is designed for power generation using energy of flow spring or river. Proposed hydroelectric power station includes diversion dam, diversion cone, head, conduit, action turbine, current generator with drive. Diversion cone is made only in horizontal plane, input of bottom spillway and input of diversion cone are arranged in one plane and heat room is installed over them on top of dam, whose wall pointed to side of water storage is arranged before dam, and its lower edge is deepened to value of freezing of water storage. Action turbine is made in form of disk with volute buckets. Each nozzle of head conduit is made in for, of cone connected with gate of head conduit trough intermediate link of conduit. Additional dc generator is used as braking system to stabilize speed of action turbine. Shaft of said generator is coupled with shaft of main generator, and current from three-phase circuit of main generator is supplied to field winding of additional generator through diode bridge. Moreover, rheostat is used in field winding control circuit of main generator controlled by centrifugal pusher, for instance, of Watt system whose shaft is also coupled with shaft of main generator.
EFFECT: increased power output and provision of constant frequency of current.
FIELD: hydraulic structures for electric power generation and shore protection against storm.
SUBSTANCE: hydraulic system comprises load-bearing reinforced concrete structure shaped as support cellular boom and floating means made as landing-stage provided with generator and turbines installed on the landing-stage. Support cellular boom and floating means are connected with each other by means of guiding structure of composite material placed in metal case formed as ramp. Landing-stage is shaped as three-dimensional structure of composite material, namely as triangular or polyhedral prism, which defines closed space with opened cavities communicated with each other and used as pneumatic generators. The landing-stage is connected to guiding ramp by means of hinges spaced apart in vertical direction and creating rigidity triangle. The ramp is fastened to load-bearing structure by means of rigid tie. Generator turbines are communicated with opened landing-stage cavity through inlet and outlet air ducts. Boom cells are hollow and adapted to be filled with water ballast. The cells are supported and unsupported and connected with each other by means of reinforced concrete panel.
EFFECT: possibility of wave usage for electric power generation along with shore protection, possibility to use the system as artificial island, for instance for seaside recreation and entertainment.
4 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: water-power plants, layout, construction or equipment, methods of, or apparatus for, making same.
SUBSTANCE: water-power plant comprises hydraulic turbine installed at turbine pipeline outlet and provided with generator, receiving chamber, shutoff fittings and compression station communicated with receiving chamber through air channel comprising check valve. Turbine pipeline is connected with storage facility. Air channel is located over hydraulic turbine. One level sensor is arranged in receiving chamber, another one is installed in storage facility. Plant body is made as vertical cylindrical shell and cylinder installed in the shell and spaced apart therefrom. Cylindrical shell and cylinder define composite channel, which connects receiving chamber with storage facility. Upper cylinder part is bent through 90° for liquid discharge into storage facility. Upper cylinder end has two orifices, namely air bleeding one and filling orifice for storage facility filling. Magnets are arranged along end perimeter and along perimeter of upper part of inner cylindrical chamber side. Upper storage facility part is located inside upper cylinder part. Lower storage facility part is funnel-shaped and is connected with turbine pipeline in center thereof. Upper part of turbine pipeline passes in vertical cylindrical body for shutoff fitting receiving. Receiving chamber body is made as funnel expanding downwards and having edges connected with lower cylinder part. Upper funnel part is oval and receives turbine pipeline outlet, hydraulic turbine and generator. Turbine blades have magnets. The shutoff fitting is cap installed inside vertical cylindrical shell having liquid circulation orifices in lower part thereof. The cap is connected to electric drive rod. The liquid is ferrofluid.
EFFECT: decreased liquid volume used to generate electric power.
3 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: construction, water engineering.
SUBSTANCE: said utility invention relates to hydrotechnical and hydraulic power construction. The facility contains a hydraulic unit attached to a flexible blanket, a flexible apron, and the bed using channel anchors, and a water-retaining shell attached to the hydraulic unit using a rigid mounting assembly, and to the onshore anchoring supports with a cable system. In the first version, the cable system is equipped with additional longitudinal and transversal cables for the shaping of the water-retaining shell providing the calculated vertical compression of the flow and minimum head loss. In the second version, flexible plates are installed at the approach to the hydraulic unit for the provision of gradual lateral compression of the flow; the plates are secured to the rigid mounting assembly, bed slopes, and the flexible apron using anchors with tighteners providing pretensioning of the longitudinal cables. For the water-retaining shell stability and elimination of its vibrations, the facility is equipped with transversal stiffeners following the contour of the calculated cross section of the water-retaining shell and attached, along the perimeter, to the bed anchors with stay cables, the water-retaining shell from the headwater side, and the hydraulic unit using the rigid mounting assembly; and longitudinal stiffeners attached to the flexible plates, longitudinal cables, transversal stiffeners, and the water-retaining shell using flexible connections. In the third version, with small spans and stable bank slopes, the cable system is equipped with additional longitudinal cables for the shaping of the water-retaining shell providing the calculated vertical compression of the flow and minimum head loss. In the fourth version, for better stability of the structure, better tension of the longitudinal cables, and quick construction, extendable arms are installed along the upper and lower edges of the water-retaining shell; the arm ends are connected to the flexible plates. In the fifth version, the water-retaining shell consists of flexible strips or shapes attached to an elastic web from two sides, through which longitudinal cables pass for giving the shell a fantail shape; the flexible strips are installed at an angle to the flow to ensure the calculated shape of the water-retaining shell. In the sixth version, the water-retaining shell is designed as a closed fillable shell taking the calculated shape when filled with water or other filler through filling devices, and is secured with one longitudinal cable passing along its top. For fish protection, some versions have fish passes in the water-retaining shell, while the other versions have fishways at the hydraulic unit edges. For the protection of the hydraulic unit and the additional attachment of the cable system, a protection screen is installed.
EFFECT: construction of temporary water utilisation system for local power supply, irrigation, water supply, fish farming, and fire protection.
6 cl, 14 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydropower engineering and can be used to support work of borehole hydropower plants, in particular, thermo water-supply wells and borehole hydroelectric stations. The method includes drilling a well until the zone of loss is reached; connecting a well with a surface reservoir providing the possibility of water control or/and with water-bearing intervals drilled by well, in its upper part, and with the zone of loss, in its lower part; installing either a hydropower plant or an imitator of its resistance, which corresponds to the typical operation of a hydropower plant, in the lower part of a well. For dynamic behavior of a well, the height of dynamic level in a well Hdl (m) is defined; the height of pressure level Hdp is calculated according to the following formula: Hdp (m) =Lhpp-Hdl, where Lhpp is the distance between the mouth of a well and the location of a hydropower plant inside a well, m. Thereafter, spinner survey of the area spread from the dynamic level to the location of a hydropower plant is carried out. The hydraulic horsepower of a flux in the place of a hydropower plant installation Nh is calculated according to the following formula: Nh=p·q·Hdp·Qhpp, where Nh is hydraulic horsepower of water flux inside a well in the place of a hydropower plant installation, W; Qhpp is water loss in the place of a hydropower plant installation, m3/s (from a diagram of spinner survey); p is water density, kg/m3; q is acceleration of gravity, m/s2.
EFFECT: higher accuracy of defining hydraulic horsepower of a flux inside a well under different mining hydro geological technical conditions; possibility to forecast and prove methods for improving formation of hydropower fluxes inside energy producing wells.
3 cl, 5 dwg, 3 ex
FIELD: construction; power industry.
SUBSTANCE: method of pumped storage includes localisation of underground pumped storage, for example identification of depth and volume of water formations or natural or commercial underground pressure-tight vessels, underground vessel pumping with water by pressure well due to either pressure created while free-flow water running in well, or when water is pumped. The hydraulic power well, which is also a water conduit, is drilled to water drain for example to culvert or water removal or absorption area. Hydraulic power well is selected so that it could cross or link with underground hydraulic storage vessel above water drain. Water level in hydraulic power well is to be above water drain, for example culvert roof or water removal or absorption area. Hydraulic power well is drilled so that it could accommodate hydraulic power set below water level or provide for hydraulic power set installing in culvert with connection to well outlet. Electrical cable or pipeline for selected energy resource transporting is installed in hydraulic power well from hydraulic power set to energy consumer. Surface water may be used for storage. Surface water is occurred during freshet periods due to, for example pressure well connection with surface ponds. This connection of hydraulic storage vessel with water drain area may be terminated in the required periods using, for example extractable packer, installed in hydraulic power well below the point of underground hydraulic storage connection.
EFFECT: potential of using water from underground hydraulic storage to generate energy resources, thermal or electrical energy.
3 cl, 6 dwg