Device for cleaning of gondola car top edge

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cleaning of vehicles. Proposed device comprises gantry, cylindrical brush (7) arranged to be driven up and down and control unit (10). Portal struts are equipped with photocells (11) at gondola car working side and fixed brushes arranged at the angle to direction of car motion and at the height equal to half the its height. Cylindrical brush can revolve over half the car width. Width of fixed brush bristle is larger than the width gondola car board top edge by 5-20 cm. Cylindrical brush is composed of alternating metallic and polypropylene bristles. Note here that bristle length is larger than distance from the point of their attachment to gondola car top end edges by 5-10 cm.

EFFECT: higher-efficiency automated cleaning.

4 cl, 5 dwg

 

The invention relates to a device for cleaning vehicles, namely the upper edge of the gondola, after loading them in bulk materials, particularly coal and other minerals.

A device for cleaning the surface from bulk cargo, containing a self-propelled chassis with means to lower the bucket to the surface to be cleaned, installed in front of the bucket with the possibility of rotation around the axis of the cylindrical brush, cylinders, rods which are hinged to installed from the sides of the device brackets, the control system of hydraulic cylinders and flat brush while the brush is placed on the outer surface of the bucket at an angle one to the other with the apex of the angle directed toward the cylindrical brush, and brackets and housings of hydraulic cylinders mounted on the outer side walls of the bucket can be rotated in a vertical plane, and a cylindrical brush mounted in brackets [RF Patent №2060911, IPC B60S 3/00, 1996].

A disadvantage of the known device in design complexity and the difficulty of its use for cleaning the upper edges of the gondola.

Closest to the proposed invention is a pointing device for cleaning cars with saddle floors, containing mounted on the trolley portal, cylindrical brush, set the option horizontal movement, lifting and lowering is rigidly fixed to the underside of the truck vertical telescopic rail, the drive motors of the lifting and lowering of the brush, moving trucks and moving portal and device management, and it has fixed to the upper part of the telescopic guide and parallel to it profiled bar, made with two consecutive pull-out slides, the bottom of which is provided with a finger fixed on the lower level telescopic rail, while the drive motors are made stepper. Floaters profiled rod is equipped with racks, and in its upper part mounted for engagement with the latter on the output shaft of the stepper motor lifting and lowering a cylindrical brush gear [RF Patent №2026215, IPC B60S 3/00, 1995].

The disadvantage of this design is that it is characterized by the complexity of the device, since the manipulator is designed for cleaning the floor unloaded gondola, and inapplicable to clear the upper edges of the gondola.

The present invention is characterized by simplicity of design, solves the task of clearing the perimeter edges of the loaded wagons with automation of the process to ensure the requirements of the rules of transportation of bulk cargoes.

This is achieved by the fact that in the device is for cleaning the upper edge of the gondola, contains a portal, a cylindrical brush mounted for movement by the drive of the lifting and lowering of the brush, the control unit, a gear wheel, rack according to the invention of the portal is equipped with solar cells on the height of the cargo part of the gondola, in addition, stands portal at a height equal to the height of a gondola equipped with stationary brushes, arranged at an angle to the axis of movement of the carriage, while the cylindrical brush is made of a hollow rotatably and width equal to the width of the gondola.

Inside the cylindrical brush on the frame, installed a reversible motor with a toothed gear that interacts with the toothed wheel of the cylindrical brush.

The width of the stationary bristles of the brushes exceeds the width of the top edge of the Board the gondola at 5-20 see

A cylindrical brush is made of alternating metal and polypropylene bristles, the length of the bristles longer than the distance from the place of their mounting on the cylinder to the upper end edges of the gondola at 5-10 cm

The use of additional stationary brushes on the portal along with the cylindrical brush, equipped with built-in inside reverse engine rotation, is characterized by simple structure of the device and provides clean the entire perimeter of the upper edge of the gondola. In addition, experimentally selected sizes of brushes ka is fixed and the cylindrical brush, provide effective cleaning of the upper edges of the gondola.

Performing alternating metal and polypropylene bristles ensures durability and longer service life of the brush.

Thus, distinguishing between signs and solve problems there is a causal relationship.

The invention is illustrated by drawings.

1 shows a portal for cleaning the upper perimeter of the open top; figure 2 - top view; figure 3 is the same side view; figure 4 is a section of a hollow cylindrical brush drive rotation; figure 5 - section a-a figure 4.

A device for cleaning the top edge of the gondola contains the portal, consisting of the uprights 1 and horizontal beams 2. On the uprights 1 at the height equal to the height of the gondola with 3 cap 4 loaded bulk cargo, are stationary brushes 5, placed at an angle α to the axis of movement of the carriage, so that their bristles engaged with the upper edge 6 of the side surface of the gondola. Hollow cylindrical brush 7, the width of the gondola, coupled with a horizontal beam 2 portal drive 8 lifting and lowering, its bristles interacts with the lowering of the upper end edge 9 of the surface of the gondola. The portal also includes a control unit 10 with the solar cells 11. Hollow cylindrical brush 7 is installed with the possibility of rotation by means of bearings 12 relative to the inside of the frame 13 with a reversible motor 14, on the shaft of which is toothed gear 15, which interacts with the internal gear 16 of the hollow cylindrical brush 7.

A device for cleaning the top edge of the gondola, preferably from coal or other minerals, works as follows.

During the loading of coal or other minerals in the gondola on its upper edge along the perimeter can be part of the loaded cargo. To remove it away from the coal cut near the railroad tracks are installing the portal so that the loaded train passed through it. This open top 3 in the train, moving at low speed, crosses the beam of the photoelectric cells 11 located on the vertical posts 1 portal, and through the control unit 10 by means of the actuator 8, which is on the horizontal beam 2 portal lowers hollow cylindrical brush 7. At the same time reversing the engine 14 on the frame 13 located inside the hollow cylindrical brush 7, and with a toothed gear 15 which engages with the internal gear 16 of the hollow cylindrical brush 7 and the bearings 12 which rotates the brush. The control unit 10 is configured so that the short-lowers hollow cylindrical brush 7, the width of the gondola, directly on the upper edge face 9 on top of the spine of the gondola, and the rotation direction of the hollow cylindrical brush 7 is selected so as to be located on the upper edge of the end surface of the gondola bulk cargo was in the gondola 3. Next hollow cylindrical brush 7 with the actuator 8 rises, passing cap 4 bulk cargo that are in the car.

In addition, the cylindrical brush is made of alternating metal and polypropylene bristles and the length of the bristles, longer than the distance from the place of their mounting on the cylinder to the upper end edges of the open top 5-10 cm, which ensures efficient cleaning.

Open top 3 in the train continues to move, and simultaneously clean the top edge 6 of the side surfaces of the gondola exercise stationary brushes 5, located on racks 1 portal at the height equal to the height of the gondola 3.

This stationary brushes 5 are arranged at an angle α to the axis of movement of the carriage so that their bristles engaged with the upper edge 6 of the surface of the gondola and swept away the bulk cargo in the gondola, for this purpose, the width of the bristles exceeds the width of the top edge of the Board the gondola at 5-20 see

After passing gondola 3 through the solar cells 11, the control unit 10 again lowers the hollow cylindrical brush 7 with the actuator 8 directly on the upper edge 9 of the end surface of the gondola is. When the direction of rotation of the motor 14 and, accordingly, the hollow cylindrical brush 7 means previous to sitting on the top edge of the end surface of the gondola bulk cargo was in the gondola 3.

Similarly implemented, clearing the top edge of the other wagons in the train.

The proposed device for cleaning the top edge of the gondola is characterized by simple design, allows you to automate the process of cleaning the perimeter of the open top and to prepare the train for transportation of bulk cargo, mainly minerals, such as coal, in accordance with the rules of transportation of bulk cargoes by railway transport.

1. A device for cleaning the top edge of the gondola containing the portal, a cylindrical brush mounted for movement by the drive of the lifting and lowering of the brush, the control unit, a gear wheel, characterized in that thehours of portal fitted with solar cells on the height of the cargo part of the gondola, in addition, stands portal at a height equal to the height of a gondola equipped with stationary brushes, arranged at an angle to the axis of movement of the carriage, while the cylindrical brush is made of a hollow rotatably and width equal to the width of the gondola.

2. A device for cleaning the top edge of the gondola pop, characterized in thatwithin the cylindrical brush is installed on the frame reversible motor with a toothed gear that interacts with the toothed wheel of the cylindrical brush.

3. A device for cleaning the top edge of the gondola according to claim 1, characterized in that thethe width of the stationary bristle brushes exceeds the width of the top edge of the Board the gondola at 5-20 see

4. A device for cleaning the top edge of the gondola according to claim 1, characterized in that thea cylindrical brush is made of alternating metal and polypropylene bristles, the length of the bristles longer than the distance from the place of their mounting on the cylinder to the upper end edges of the gondola to see 5-10



 

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