All-purpose super mobile and super-flotation vehicle

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transport engineering. Proposed vehicle consists of engine, cabin, frame, drive wheels and movers. Every said mover consists of four wheels with gimbal suspension drive fitted at the ends of radial brackets driven by planetary gearing. Axle consists of differential with propeller shaft and telescoping several axles. Every said axle represents and independent design. First axle is engaged with planetary gearing to drive in synchronism all four wheels of one mover. Besides it engages with brakes via bevels pinions. Second axle doubles as a steering also engaged with planetary gearing to turn in synchronism all four wheels of one mover through 360 degrees. Third sale engages with planetary gearing with gimbal suspensions with wheels to be driven by switch, that is, third axle is engaged with first axle to make switch move the wheels over obstacles from above to simulate overcoming of said obstacles.

EFFECT: higher flotation and manoeuvrability of vehicle.

5 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of transport engineering, namely to the vehicle.

Today there are many vehicles. They are all built on the same design type, which consist of cab, chassis, engine, and many complex assemblies, components and parts. But in this invention the analogues are not known.

The drawbacks of today's vehicles are expressed in their complex structure in General, which complicates their repair and maintenance, not to mention the high cost of production. Their technical deficiencies in the low fit (clearance) and the huge turning radius.

Object of the invention is the creation of an entirely new vehicle design, practical and easy to use, which at times increases the maneuverability and flexibility of the vehicle.

This problem is solved as follows. Universal vehicle supermaneuverable and superprecedent, consisting of engine, cab, frame, axles, engines, where each of the propellers, for example, consists of four wheels driven by cardan suspensions placed on the ends of radial arms, which are driven through the planetary gear, the bridge consists of a differential drive shaft and multiple axes located telescopic manner, each of the axes are independent of each other, the first axis is connected with the planetary gear, which synchronously drives all four wheels of one of the propellers, the first axis interacts with brakes with conical gears, the second axis performs the function of steering, that is, it is also connected with the planetary gear, which synchronously rotates all four wheels of one of the propellers, for example, 360 degrees, the third axle is connected with the planetary gear, which includes a cardan suspension with wheels that are driven by using a switch, then there is a third axis connected with the first axis and in the switch wheel rolled on a rock at the top, simulating the process of step over them, depending on the position of the propulsion vehicle moves, for example, four, six or eight wheels.

A brief description of the drawings.

Figure 1 is a General drawing of the device of the invention.

Figure 2, figure 3, Figure 4, Figure 5 - one of the possible options for the appearance of vehicles.

1 - Movers

2 - Wheel

3 - Gimbal suspension

4 - planetary gear

5 - Differential

6 - Driveshaft

7 - the First axle

8 - Brake

9 - the Second axis

10 - the Wheel of

11 - the Third is was

12 - Switch

Figure 1 shows that each of the propulsion devices 1, for example, consists of four wheels 2 driven by cardan suspensions 3, placed at the ends of radial arms, which are driven through the planetary gear 4, the bridge consists of a differential gear 5 with the drive shaft 6 and a few axes located telescopic manner in which each of the axes are independent of each other, the first shaft 8 is connected with the planetary gear, which synchronously drives all four wheels of one of the propellers, the first axis interacts with brakes 7 through bevel gears, the second the axle 9 performs the function of the steering wheel 10, that is, it is also connected with the planetary gear, which synchronously rotates all four wheels of one of the propellers, for example, 360 degrees, the third axle 11 is connected with the planetary gear, which includes a cardan suspension with wheels that are driven by switch 12, that is, the third axle is connected with the first axis and in the switch wheel rolled on a rock at the top, simulating the process of step over them, depending on the position of the propulsion vehicle moves, for example, four, six or eight wheels. Also in the University of the universal vehicle of supermaneuverable and superprecedent not required tie rod and the turning radius of the wheels of propulsion is not limited. All components, parts and organs steering are located in the inner part of the body of the bridge.

Universal vehicle supermaneuverable and superprecedent, consisting of engine, cab, frame, axles, engines, wherein each of the propulsion devices, for example, consists of four wheels driven by cardan suspensions placed on the ends of radial arms, which are driven through the planetary gear, the bridge consists of a differential drive shaft and multiple axes located telescopic manner in which each of the axes are independent of each other, the first axis is connected with the planetary gear, which synchronously drives all four wheels of one of the propellers, also the first axis interacts with brakes with conical gears, the second axis performs the function of steering, that is, it is also connected with the planetary gear, which synchronously rotates all four wheels of one of the propellers, for example, 360º, the third axle is connected with the planetary gear, which includes a cardan suspension with wheels that are driven with a switch, that is, the third axle is connected with the first axis and in the switch wheel rolled the pre is atste top, simulating the process of step over them, depending on the position of the propulsion vehicle moves, for example, four, six or eight wheels, all components, parts and organs steering are located in the inner part of the body of the bridge.



 

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2 dwg

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3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: self-propelled gradient trolley of multisupporting multisectional irrigation system comprises a frame (1) with the carrier beam (2) fixed to the pressure pipeline (3) with L-shaped rack (4) located offset with respect to the longitudinal axis of the carrier beam (2) at the ends of which gradient supports (5, 6) are installed in pairs comprising the supporting piles (7) and the hinge four-link chains (8) connected with the actuator (9) of the course movement. The novelty of the invention is that the trolley comprises a motion control system (10) enabling the irrigation machine to adapt to the field shape, comprising adjustment electric drive of the course movement (11) of gradient trolley and the additional drive of rotation (12) of the gradient trolley with respect to the section of the pressure pipeline (3) with the angle of rotation sensor (13). The electric drive of the course movement (11) is made, for example, in the form of a combined motor reducer (14) with adjustable rotational speed on the output shaft (17) of which the antiphase cranks (18) are secured of one pair of gradient supports (5) which are driven, at that the drive of the second pair of gradient supports (6) located at the opposite end of the carrier beam (2) which is driven, is carried out through the principal gradient supports (5) through common supporting ski-shaped piles (7) serving to reduce the pressure on the ground, which are pivotally attached to the support links (19) of hinge four-link chains (8) of each side by means of resilient hinges (20), for example rubber-metal. Additional drive of rotation (12) is made in the form of a linear electric drive (21) hingedly attached with levers (22, 23) on the carrier beam (2) and the L-shaped rack (4) made rotatable relative to the carrier beam (2), on which the angle of rotation sensor (13) of the gradient trolley is also mounted.

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1 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: self-propelled gradient trolley of multisupporting multisectional irrigation system comprises a frame (1) with the carrier beam (2) transversely fixed to the pressure pipeline (2) with the racks (3), (4), at the ends of which the gradient supports (5, 6) are installed in pairs comprising the supporting piles (7) and the hinge four-link chains (8, 9) connected to the output shaft (10) of the reducer (11) of actuator (12). The novelty of the invention is that the trolley comprises driving (5) and driven (6) gradient supports, arranged in pairs at the ends of the carrier beam (4), and in the primary gradient supports (5) the hinge four-link chains (8) consisting of the support links (13) formed in the form of double-arm connecting rods, rocker arms (14), the free ends of which are pivotally mounted on the boards to the carrier beam (4), and also the primary cranks (16), connected to the output shaft (10) of the reducer (11) of the actuator (12) by additional mechanisms-correctors (17) in the form of flat four-link mechanisms that transform the uniform rotation into uneven, of containing primary cranks (18) of the mechanisms-correctors (17), the intermediate connecting rods (19) and the driven cranks (20), which are also primary cranks (16) of hinge four-link chains (8) of primary gradient supports (5). The primary cranks (18) of the mechanisms-correctors (17) are mounted on the output shaft (10) of the reducer (11) of the actuator (12) in antiphase, and in the driven gradient supports (6) the hinge four-link chains (9) also consisting of the support links (13), rocker arms (14) and cranks (16), are connected on the boards with the actuator (12) through the hinge four-link chains (8) of primary gradient supports (5) by common supporting piles (7) made ski-shaped, pivotally attached to the support links (13) of the hinge four-link chains (8, 9).

EFFECT: increased energy efficiency of self-propelled multisupporting multisectional irrigation machines with gradient trolleys gradient trolleys of multisupporting irrigation systems.

1 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: self-propelled walking trolley of multi-support multi-section sprinkler of circular operation comprises a frame (1) transversely fixed to a discharge conduit (2) with legs (3) of a carrier beam (4), at the ends of which there are walking supports (5) installed in pairs, each of which comprises a support foot (6) and a four-link hinge (7) associated with an actuator (8). The four-link hinge (7) of the walking supports (5) consists of cranks (11) connected with the actuator (8) via a cardan transmission (15), support members (12) are pivotally attached to the foot (6) and rocker (13), the free ends of which are articulated at the board on racks (3). The four-link hinge (7) of the walking supports (5) are arranged in vertical planes of walking, being offset from the longitudinal axis of the carrier beam (4) at an angle α=arctg(12(LΔL)), where 1 - length of the carrier beam (4), L - length of one section of the discharge pipe (2), Δ L - the displacement of the end section of the longitudinal axis of the carrier beam (4). Racks (3) have additional holes (18) for the swivel mount rocker arm (13), paired for the left and right sides, the number of pairs is equal to the number of sections of the multi-section sprinkler. The axes of each pair of holes (18) for the swivel mount rocker arm (13) of the right and left sides are made with an offset chosen under the condition S2S1=LΔL+B/2LΔLB/2, where S1 and S2 - length of walking supports (5) pitch, respectively, for lagging and anticipating running boards, B - track width of the walking trolley of the sprinkler .

EFFECT: reduced costs of power per turn, decreased jamming of plants, facilitated unification of actuator elements.

1 cl, 4 dwg

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