Method and machine for continuous coating of products (in particular - confectionary products) cores

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method and machine for continuous coating of confectionary products cores. The method includes supply of the mass of cores to be coated and of at least one coating material into one of the chambers specified and the said cores coating with the said coating material by way of handing the cores in the chamber. The said drum contains a spirally extending body permanently attached to the said drum to form the said chambers together therewith. The said cores handling in one of the said chambers includes a stage of the said drum angular and cyclic rocking in opposite directions round the said hinge axle with the mass to be treated retained within the said treatment chamber. The said angular and cyclic rocking in opposite directions is performed so that to provide for cyclic relocation and positioning of the said mass to be treated in two oppositely turned angular positions. The machine contains at least one hollow drum having a hinge axis and containing multiple treatment communicating chambers, a drive motor for the said drum rotation round the said axle, the first supply means for supplying the mass of cores to be treated into one of the said chambers and the second supply means for supply of at least one coating material into the said chamber for coating the said cores. Additionally, the machine contains a spirally extending body positioned within the said drum and permanently attached to the said drum to form the said chambers together therewith. One has provided for a commanding and controlling unit of the said motor for the said drum rotation with angular and cyclic rocking in opposite directions round the said hinge axle with the mass to be treated retained within the said treatment chamber. Additionally, the machine contains the third supply means (for supplying into the said drum an air mass that is shared by all the said chambers), pumping up means (for creating in each of the said chambers a corresponding treating air flow) and means for adjustment of the corresponding drying air flow characteristics for each of the said chambers. The said means for drying air flow characteristics adjustment contain a corresponding conditioning unit for each of the said chambers, the unit positioned at the said corresponding chamber input.

EFFECT: invention provides for a method and machine to or continuous coating of confectionary products cores without damage, friction or lamination of the said products to be coated.

14 cl, 10 dwg

 

The technical FIELD

The present invention relates to a method of continuous coating of core products, particularly confectionery products referenced in the following description, not implying that any constraint.

The LEVEL of TECHNOLOGY

In the confectionery industry is known to manufacture products that contain an inner core and one or more layers covering the core, obtained with different products. In particular, in the confectionery industry there is a need in the coating is very fragile hearts, such as, for example, which form the inner part of the products Rocher®or Raffaello®manufactured by the present applicant, which are usually formed from two paleobiologic of wafers arranged facing each other and filled with cream. The coated membranes are usually formed by the first layer of chocolate and a second layer of sugar syrup. Both layers are obtained by spraying and subsequent solidification or evaporation of sputtered material. To make the coating is possible, is necessary for the hearts that will be applied to the coating, and/or intermediate products, which are coated to be supported in rotation in such a way that, during the movement of rotation and flipping, the required amount of coating product b the children be placed and spread evenly on the outer surface of each core or intermediate products. Coating sugar syrups requires that for each operation of the spraying sugar syrup will follow the rest stage, then the stage of drying and/or dehydration. Dehydration is performed by sending to the intermediate product, partially or completely coated, air flow, which, when removed, captures a moisture sugar syrup, causing it to evaporate. The above operation is repeated several times to provide education on the hearts of coatings of different thicknesses.

For the above operations coverage is known to use the machine for single coverage, working periodically, these machines are known under the term "rotating baths for coating", which are, however, large downtime of the machine for loading/unloading and washing, or another coating machine that runs continuously, for example, of the type described in published application U.S. 2007/0275163. These machines contain driven by the engine of the hollow drum which can rotate in the direction of rotation around its own longitudinal axis, and place driven by the engine of a spiral or helical ongoing case connected tight manner with the inner surface of the drum. During coating the drum rotates, t is given as the spiral housing is maintained stationary in the drum for a predetermined period of time and forms together with the drum a number of processing chambers for processing centers.

On the contrary, the spiral housing is rotated relative to the hollow drum independently of the hollow drum through its own associated motor to move the cores in the axial direction to the outlet of the drum and consistently between one cell and the next.

In known machines of the above type, in at least part of the chambers, the feed nozzle is provided for spraying the material used to cover the core, and blower head for feeding a drying air flow sprayed coating material.

Known machines of the above type, although used, are not satisfactory from a functional point of view, primarily due to the fact that the combination of the rotation of the drum in a given direction of rotation independent of rotation of the spiral body determines, during the coating process, a high degree of friction of cores on each other and on the inner surface of the drum and spiral casing, with the result that even after relatively short periods of treatment of the gradual abrasion of the hearts with the unwanted formation of crumbs and powder. In this case, the formation of crumbs and powder all the more serious, the more fragile and delicate are the core.

Additionally, in the known machines the x of the above type, the rotation in one direction of the drum, the weight of cores contained in each of the cameras, she is in a position tilted relative to the horizontal plane, and remains in that position throughout the duration of processing cores available in the camera itself. Inclined arrangement of the mass of cores specifies the location of the feed nozzle and the blast head in the camera body in a predetermined position so that the specified equipment is not immersed in the mass or had no contact with her. Provisions to achieve up to the present time, in the drum, a feed nozzle for blowing heads, however, are not yet functionally optimal. In fact, this relative position, which is due to lack of space available inside the drum to cover implies that, during coating, the part covering the syrup feed spray nozzle, inevitably gets in the blowhead, littering her to such an extent that it changes the distribution and direction of the supplied air flow, resulting in drying is no longer uniform.

Moreover, again during coating, a portion of the air flow filed blowing head, crosses a stream covering syrup, breaking it and, therefore, making regulation and mood is at spraying systems problematic.

In conclusion, in the known machines is not possible or, at least, is extremely problematic arbitrarily change thermodynamic conditions in each chamber, and this prevents a number of stages of drying; that is, it prevents the change of the characteristics of the air, when you change the characteristics of the coating materials.

In conclusion, the known machines are relatively complex from a structural point of view, require precise tolerances for processing and high structural madeformums, it is always necessary to ensure tightness between the outer casing and spiral case, regardless of the size of a product to be coated, cleaning is extremely time-consuming and, in any case, require the removal of the screw housing from the inner part of the drum that does not entail anything, only small difficulties.

INVENTIONS

The present invention is to provide a method and machine for the continuous coating of cores, in particular confectionery products that solve the above problem, a simple and economically advantageous way.

In accordance with the present invention provided a method for continuous coating of core products, particularly confectionery products, in asine to cover, containing at least one hollow drum rotating around its own hinge axis and having inside a lot of processing chambers communicated with each other, and each chamber is configured to accommodate a corresponding mass of cores to be processed; the method includes the stage of filing of the mass of cores to be processed, and at least one covering material in one of these cameras, and coverage of these hearts specified cover material, manipulating them in this camera, with this method differs in that the manipulation of these cores in the specified camera includes a step angular and circular swing of the specified drum in opposite directions around the specified swivel axis, supporting the mass to be processed is specified in the processing chamber.

Preferably, in a higher way, a specified angular and cyclical swing in opposite directions carried out so as to cyclically move and position the specified weight to be processed in two different mutually facing angular positions, essentially symmetrical about a vertical plane passing through the hinge axis of the drum.

Moreover, the present invention relates to a machine for continuously and steadily the aqueous coating hearts, in particular, for confectionery.

In accordance with the present invention is provided a machine for the continuous coating of core products, particularly confectionery products, the machine comprises at least one hollow drum, having its own pivot axis and having inside a lot of processing chambers communicated with each other; a motor for driving the movement of the drum for rotation specified drum around the specified axis; first feed means for feeding the stock of these centers to be processed, in one of these chambers; and a second feed means for feeding at least one material to cover these cores in the specified camera, with the specified machine characterized in that it further includes a housing, a spiral continued and located in the specified drum and permanently attached to the said drum, to limit together with the drum of these cameras, and the fact that the command and control node for the specified motor is provided to rotate the specified drum with angular movement and cyclical swing in opposite directions around the specified swivel axis, supporting the mass to be processed is specified in the processing chamber.

Preferably, the machine defined above, optionally with whom holds the third transporting means for supplying air mass, common to all of these cameras, specified in the drum, forcing the tools to create the respective drying air flow in each of these cameras and editing tool, for each of these cameras, characteristics of the specified drying air flow.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION of DRAWINGS

The invention is hereinafter described with reference to the accompanying drawings, which shows a non-limiting example of its variants perform, and on which:

Fig. 1 is a schematic view in section of the preferred options for performing machine for the continuous coating of core products, particularly confectionery products, made in accordance with the present invention;

Fig. 2 and 3 are opposite types front of the machine according to Fig. 1 with parts removed for clarity;

Fig. 4, 5 and 6 are views in section on IV-IV, V-V and VI-VI, respectively, in an enlarged scale and with parts removed for clarity;

Fig. 7 and 8 are similar to Fig. 4, the machine and the mass of fibre processed in two different positions of the handle;

Fig. 9 is an enlarged view in cross section of the node in Fig. 1; and

Fig. 10 is a view in section along X-X in Fig. 9.

The PREFERRED embodiment of the INVENTION

In Fig. 1 position 1 indicates as a whole a machine for the continuous coating of core products, particularly confectionery products. Machine 1 will win supporting structure 2 and located above the hollow drum 3, having your own essentially horizontal axis 4. A support structure 2 includes a stationary base 5 and two pairs 6 and 7 racks going up from the base 5 and are installed on opposite axial sides of the drum 3. With each pair 6, 7 of the uprights are connected the respective structural ring 8, 9, which in this case is rectangular. The ring 8 is pivotally connected with the rack 6 so as to rotate around an essentially horizontal swivel axis 11 perpendicular to the axis 4 and intersecting the axis 4, while the ring 9 is still connected with the racks 7.

The drum 3 has two end connecting cuff 12 and 13, opposite relative to each other and having the same axis 4, and the sleeve 12 is connected to the ring 8 through the respective thrust bearing, permanently connected with the ring 8, while the cuff 13 is connected to the ring 9 by means of the corresponding thrust bearing, the position of which relative to the ring 9 is adjustable through a group of 15 lifting devices located between the ring 9 and the corresponding thrust bearing (Fig. 3). Group 15 lifting devices provides, in particular, the possibility of changing the inclination of the axis 4 of the drum 3 relative to the horizontal plane around the hinge axis 1.

The drum 3 is able to rotate around the axis 4 under the influence of node 16 of the conversion movement, supported by the ring 8 and connected at an angle with the corresponding thrust bearing through the medium of transfer, the easy way, gear type. Node 16 conversion movement includes a motor 18 which is controlled by node 19 operational control for the rotation of the drum 3 around the axis 4 AC-recurrent or continuous manner, as will be better described later.

Again with reference to Fig. 1, the drum 3 places inside the ring or hollow in the axial direction of the housing 20, which is helical or spiral continues in the axial direction, is installed in cooperation with the inner surface 3A of the drum 3 and rigidly connected with the drum 3 to delimit, together with the inner surface 3A, multiple annular chambers 22. Chamber 22 is communicated with each other through the Central passage 23, which has a common axis 4 and, in turn, communicated with the outside through the axial bore 12A and 13A, limited, respectively, cuffs 12 and 13.

Belt conveyor 25 is essentially known and not described in detail, passes through the hole 12A for supplying the mass M of cores to be processed, in one of the chambers 22. The input node 26 passes through the hole 13A, instead of in the drum 3, for filing in each of the chambers 22 materials provided to cover the core to be processed, mass, drying or processing of air for drying coating materials, when they are deposited on the core, and the fluid for washing drum 3.

The input node 26 includes a guide rail 27 with the intermediate section 27A, which takes place in the drum 3 above and in parallel relation to the horizontal plane P passing through the axis 4, and two opposite end section 27b and 27C, which act in the axial direction on the outside of the drum 3 and is connected, first with the structural ring 8 and the second supporting rack 28, which stands on the floor. Three carriage 29 is connected to the rail 27, each of which supports its own suspended from the frame 30, which has a shape essentially similar T installed in an inverted position with two opposing horizontal shoulders 30A and 30b (Fig. 4 and 6).

Node 26 further comprises two feeders are designated by 32 and 33, to supply, in this case, the first coating material based on chocolate or some other covering material and the second coating material on the basis of sugar syrup. Each device 32, 33, in turn, contains a corresponding supply pipe 32A and 33a connected to the ends of the Hori is the rest of the shoulders 30A, and, for at least part of the chambers 22, the respective feed cylinder 32b, 33b, basically known and are not described in detail, is connected with the corresponding pipe 32A, 33a orderly manner at the input of the corresponding camera 22. Each feed cylinder 32b and 33b has at least one corresponding input nozzle 32C, 33C, installed below the plane P and at the input of the corresponding camera 22 for spraying the material obtained from the corresponding pipe 32A, 33a, on the inner surface 3A of the drum 3 and, when used, the mass M of the material being processed in the chamber 22.

Node 26 then provides a device 35 for drying sputtered coating materials; the device 35 includes a common passage 36 to enter the air mass that is common to all chambers 22, and the passage 37 for exhaust air existing in the drum 3, both of which are still connected with the above frames 30 and both of which are relevant sites that are installed in the drum 3 having a section which increases towards the exit 38 of the drum 3.

In more detail, the passage 37 to drain is held in the raised position, essentially along the rail 27, while the passage 36 to the input air is installed in a lowered position relative to the passage 37 to drain and is connected with the shoulders 30b, essentially at the same height as, but in the position prescribed latte is on social distance, the passages 32A, 33a to supply coating materials. For each of the chambers 22, the device 35 then contains the corresponding feed passage 40, which has an inlet communicated with the inlet passage 36, and the output 41 which is oriented to the inner surface 3A of the drum 3 and mounted again on the opposite side of the output nozzles 32C, 33C relative to the vertical plane P1 passing through the axis 4 of the drum and perpendicular relative to the plane P, as can be seen in Fig. 4-6. The passages 40 are supported by their own mounting structure 42, connected to the frames 30 way adjustable around the axis of the inlet passage 36 in order to provide the possibility to adjust the angular position of the passage 40 between the two extreme angular positions of the end of the move.

Near the corresponding output 41, each input hike 40 supports the node 43-conditioning and distribution for education associated drying air flow directed to the material in the corresponding chamber 22. In particular, each node 43 contains the appropriate device 44 air-conditioning (schematically shown), independent of other devices 44 air-conditioning, for changing the temperature of the drying air introduced into the corresponding chamber 22, and the device 45 for distribution ukazannoj the drying air flow. In particular the described example, the distribution unit 45 contains a perforated dividing wall, which can be selected from a variety of partition walls, which differ from each other in size, geometry and distribution of the perforations, in order to separate and Orient the air flow directed to the appropriate mass of hearts, covered in a different manner.

In conclusion, the node 26 is a washing device 47, which, in turn, contains a pipe 48 to enter the wash liquid, is connected with the shoulders 30b in position established along the inlet pipe 36, and a multitude of nozzles 49, facing to the inner surface 3A and installed essentially in the horizontal plane P.

With particular reference to Fig. 9 and 10, each of the cells 22 is a ring mixing 50 shares, which are held to the axis 4, starting from the inner surface 3A of the drum 3, is attached to shares 50 adjustable manner, each by an appropriate speaker adjustable in the angular direction of the device 51, which can operate with an external side of the drum 3 independently from other devices 51. Each device 51 includes a faceted support pin 52, which is hexagonal in particular described example, and one end of which is essentially what about connected with the corresponding blade 50 and passes out of the drum 3 through the corresponding hole in the sleeve 55 on the outside of the drum 3, and ends with the flywheel 56 for rotation and positioning of the plow blade 50. The sleeve 55 has a section with a shape corresponding to the pin 52, to set and hold a plow blade 50 in a multitude of preset angular positions in accordance with the number and location of faces, and has a pair of radial set screws 57 to lock, split by way of the pin 52 so that it connects with the corresponding section of the sleeve 55.

The operation of machine 1 will now be described with regard to, for ease of explanation, the same mass M of cores to be processed, and from condition (shown in Fig. 1), where the drum 3 is fixed in its initial or off position, and the mass M or the core layer to be processed, filed by conveyor located at the bottom of the second chamber 22.

Starting from this condition, supporting the weight in the above-mentioned second chamber 22, the node 19 operational control of the motor 18 on the basis of a program to move/cover, stored in memory block of the node 19, submits a command to the motor 18 to rotate in cycles and within a specified period of time, the drum 3, first in one direction of rotation, for example in a counterclockwise direction (Fig. 8), at a given angle, conventionally equal to or less than 180°, and then in the opposite direction(clockwise in Fig. 7) by an angle equal to or comparable with the previous one. During the specified variable-return of cyclical rotation of the drum 3, the mass M of the core is moved, positioning himself again cyclically in two different angular end positions, which are directed to each other and mounted symmetrically on opposite sides of the vertical plane P1, as can be seen in Fig. 7 and 8. Again, during rotation, whether in one direction or another, the core, the rotation of the drum 3 and joint action plowshares 50 and the walls bounding the chamber 22, continuously mixed and gradually take provisions to feed the heads 32b and 33b and the outputs 41 passes 40.

Simultaneously with the rotation of the drum 3 in the counterclockwise direction through the feed head 32b corresponding to the camera 22, in which the core material based on chocolate is sprayed on the core. Once installed, the angle of rotation has been reached, the node 19 operational management affects the engine 18 and reverses the direction of rotation of the drum 3, causing mixing of the core opposite the first. Stirring in one direction and in another promotes the adhesion of coating material with hearts and the formation of the first layer at least partially covering the core. As soon as the outcome of the second or non-operating position of the drum 3 was exceeded, core covered with a covering material, previously sprayed, are subjected to a flow of the processing air, previously specified as relative to the temperature and relative distribution by exposure to the appropriate node 43 (Fig. 7). Submitted airflow affects the heart and causes a gradual thickening and stabilizing material available at the centers. Since all core continuously mixed, also at this stage rotation in a clockwise direction, again as a result of joint actions of shares 50 and the walls bounding the chamber 22, the solidification and stabilization of the covering material are uniform throughout the mass of the core.

Operations cyclical rotation of the drum 3 in opposite directions, and both or only one of the operations of spraying and/or drying, as described above, cyclically repeated during a predetermined period of time so that all submitted covering the material in the end is applied to the core. In accordance with the material to be coated, the type of coating material and the thickness of the layer to be run on the cores, it may be necessary to perform the operation of spraying and drying at different times and/or with different streams of drying air, or just to keep partially covered core in relation to the sustained fashion movement and in a controlled atmosphere. For this reason, once the processing is complete in one of the cells 22, the drum 3 rotates in only one direction at 360°, and the mass M is served by one step and moves to the next cell 22, where, again in conjunction with additional stage cyclical swing of the drum 3, performs additional processing cores, as described previously. Alternating stages of a cyclical swing with the stage of advancement of one step continues until, until you have a first uniform layer of the desired thickness, with the participation of the block or sequence of chambers 22, which can vary the coating process from each other.

Regardless of the number of used cameras 22, once the formation of the first layer has been completed, the drum 3 is again rotated in only one direction of rotation angle of 360°, and covered core is moved through an additional stage and passed into the next chamber 22, in which the second coating of sugar syrup. As in the case of coating the first material, the coating specified by the second material is performed by interleaving one or more stages of a cyclical swing drum 3 with one or more stages of a consistent supply of cores, performing, during one or more stages of a cyclical swing, the operation of spraying the second coating material while in the stop counterclockwise drum 3 and the operation of drying during its clockwise rotation. As in the case of the formation of the first layer, the operation is the formation of the second layer may also, in accordance with the cases involve one camera 22 or block adjacent chambers 22.

Whenever completed stage of the coating process sugar, the drum 3 is again rotated in only one direction at 360°, and covered core is served by one step, and so on, until, until they reach the exit 38 of the drum 3 and will not be released from the machine.

From a practical experimental tests it was possible to verify that the structural characteristics of the machine 1 and, in particular, the fact of providing the drum with the annular chambers that are installed next to each other, and rotation of the drum 3 cyclically in opposite angular relation to the directions within a specified period of time before transmission of cores in the next processing chamber limits, compared with the known solutions, the rolling hearts that are processed inside the drum 3 and, therefore, any friction core or the inner surface of the drum 3 and the housing 20, or each other, thus greatly reducing any destruction and the undesirable formation of crumbs and powder, regardless of the material forming the core, including, in particular, brittle, and regardless of the geometry of the core.

Additionally, cycloneuralia in opposite directions of the drum 3 during stage cover enables changes compared with the known solutions, in which the drum rotates in only one direction, the relative position of the pickup heads 32b and 33b and the corresponding outputs 41 passage to supply air for drying, thus preventing the above-mentioned interaction between feed and air flow for drying. In fact, in the vehicle 1, while oscillation of the drum 3, the mass of cores sequentially placed in two different positions corresponding to two different and opposite directions of rotation, and it provides for the filing of a covering material and a drying air flow in two divergent directions, essentially opposite to each other. Thus, the coating material does not contaminate the outputs of the drying air and the drying air does not impair the action of the spray of coating material, resulting in both adjustments much easier.

In the described machine 1, the nodes of the 43 air-conditioning and distribution installed on the outputs of each of the feed hikes 40, provide the ability, in each of the chambers 22, a given drying air flow, which is specific for a single camera and is independent from other threads cameras 22. Thus, each chamber 22, together with its feed cylinder 32b and 33b and aarohanam 40 for air supply, is practically equivalent to one or the independent rotating tub for coating.

With regard to structural aspects, in comparison with the known technical solutions, the above-described machine 1 is very simple, uses one engine and not primarily includes elements connected to each other in an airtight manner and movable relative to each other, to limit the cameras.

In conclusion, the described machine 1 is easy to clean, and the large angular swing in opposite directions drum 3 greatly facilitates cleaning operations, which, on the other hand, does not require any extraction of the constituent elements inside the drum.

From the above description clearly is understandable, as modifications and changes may be made concerning the described machine 1, and thus, without leaving the scope of protection defined by the independent claims.

In particular, the drum 3 may contain a number of cameras 22, different from those shown in the example, and the conveying device other than shown. In particular, the machine may contain a number of feeding devices other than shown in the case, when it would be sufficient to submit only one covering material or more than two covering is of material.

In conclusion, from the above description clearly is understandable, as described machine and method can be applied to any product and whenever there is a problem of preventing coloring and, in a General sense, damage, friction or peeling of the product to be coated.

1. Method for continuous coating of cores confectionery products in a machine for coating containing at least one hollow drum rotating around its hinge axis and having inside a lot of processing chambers communicated with each other, and each is made with the mass of cores to be processed, the method includes the stage of filing of the mass of cores to be processed, and at least one covering material in one of these cameras and coverage of these hearts specified cover material by manipulating them in a specified cell, characterized in that the drum has a spiral ongoing case, permanently attached to the specified drum for education together with the drum of these cameras, and the manipulation of these cores in one of the chambers includes a step angular and circular swing of the specified drum in opposite directions around the specified swivel axis, Ude the live weight, to be processed is specified in the processing chamber, and the specified angle and cyclical swing in opposite directions carried out so as to cyclically move and position the specified weight to be processed in two different mutually facing angular positions.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the said angular position are essentially symmetrical vertical plane passing through the said hinge axis.

3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that during a specified angular and circular swing the specified drum rotates in one direction or in the other direction around the specified swivel axis by an angle of, essentially, one hundred and eighty degrees.

4. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that it comprises the additional step of transferring the coating product to the specified mass of cores, when the mass is located in one of said two angular positions, and feeding a drying air stream to the specified mass of cores, when the mass is located in the other of these two provisions.

5. The method according to claim 4, characterized in that the supply of the specified drying air flow includes the introduction phase in the specified dryer air mass that is common to all of these cameras, and changes for each of these cameras characteristics of the decree is Noah air mass so to serve in each of said chambers corresponding intended for her clothes air flow, having identical or different characteristics relative to the drying air flow filed in other cameras.

6. The method according to claim 5, characterized in that the change in a specified mass of air is realized near the entrance to each of said chambers and independently from camera to camera.

7. The method according to claim 5 or 6, characterized in that the change in a specified air mass includes the installation phase for each of these cameras corresponding temperature, geometry or distribution of specified corresponding to the drying air flow.

8. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that in each of these chambers create a vortex mixing moving the specified mass of cores by providing at least one barrier in each of these chambers.

9. The method according to claim 8, characterized in that the vortex movement is changed in each of these cameras, however, changing the specified vortex motion in one of these chambers is performed independently from changes in other cells.

10. The method according to claim 9, characterized in that the vortex displacement is changed by changing the position of at least one plow blade located in each of the criminal code of the connected cameras and swinging around the specified swivel axis together with the specified drum.

11. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the drum rotates in only one direction of rotation at the end of this stage of angular and circular swing, while the mass of fibre processed in the specified camera will arrive in the adjacent processing chamber.

12. Machine for the continuous coating of cores confectionery containing at least one hollow drum having a hinge axis and contains inside many of the processing chambers communicated with each other, the drive motor for rotation of the specified drum around a specified axis, the first feed means for feeding the stock of these centers to be processed, in one of these chambers, and second feed means for feeding a specified camera at least one covering material for covering these hearts, characterized in that it further comprises a spirally continuing body located in the specified drum and permanently attached to the specified drum for education, together with the drum of these cameras, and provided the command and control node for the specified motor to rotate the specified drum with angular and cyclical swing in opposite directions around the specified swivel axis, holding the mass to be processed is specified in the processing chamber p and this machine further comprises third input means for supplying to the specified dryer air mass, common to all of these cameras, pumping means for creating in each of these chambers corresponding to the manufacturing of the air flow and change facilities for each of these cameras characteristics specified corresponding to the drying air flow, and the use of change in the characteristics of the drying air flow contain for each of these cameras corresponding node conditioning, situated at the entrance of the specified relevant camera.

13. Machine 12, characterized in that these means changes include for each of these cameras corresponding node distribution of the specified stream, located at the entrance of the specified relevant camera.

14. Machine according to item 12 or 13, characterized in that it further comprises for each of these cameras, at least one mixing blade in the specified drum and regulating means for changing the position of the specified shares relative to the specified reel.



 

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FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry and deals with a pneumatic system for seasoning with flavour substances. The flavour substance from the flavour substance loading funnel is brought in contact with food products inside a rotary drum using the combination of an eductor and four integrated vacuum generators which are actuated by compressed air. Each vacuum generator has a distributing nozzle in the form of a flanged slide-valve; compressed air (which is discharged through vortex channels distributed in a circumferential direction at the slide-valve outlet) enters the ring space between the slide-valve and its flange. Each vortex channel preferably has inclination angle 15° and yaw angle 15°.

EFFECT: invention allows to sequentially and efficiently spread a flavour substance across snack products surface and simultaneously reduce to a minimum total degree of the process complexity.

14 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry and may be used in production of food (mainly meat) products in edible coating. The composition contains potato starch as the gelling component, dry granulated black currant juice with humidity content 15%, dry concentrated red currant juice with humidity content 60% and sugar at the following components ratio, wt %: dry granulated black currant juice - 32.5, dry concentrated red currant juice - 16.3, sugar - 16.3, potato starch -9,8, water - 25.1.

EFFECT: due to optimal ratio of natural components without addition of synthetic ingredients the produced coating has an attractive appearance and a solid structure which allows to protect the product against influence of environmental factors increasing thereby its storage term.

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry and may be used in production of food (mainly meat) products in edible coating. The composition for production of edible coatings contains food gelatine as the gelling component, dry granulated black currant juice with humidity content 15%, dry granulated red currant juice with humidity content 60% and sugar at the following components ratio, wt %: dry granulated black currant juice - 32, dry concentrated red currant juice - 16, sugar -16, gelatine -12, water - 24.

EFFECT: due to optimal ratio of natural components without addition of synthetic ingredients the produced coating has an attractive appearance and a solid structure which allows to protect the product against influence of environmental factors increasing thereby its storage term.

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: articles based on biologically active polymer materials can be used in surgery when treating wounds and as materials for temporary replacement of body tissue, in biotechnology for obtaining matrices for growing cell cultures, in pharmaceuticals as carriers of enzymes and other biologically active compounds. The cross-linking reagents are 2,4-derivatives of 3-oxa glutaric dialdehyde (2,2'-oxydiacetaldehyde). These compounds can be obtained via periodate oxidation of monosaccharides, nucleosides and nucleotides.

EFFECT: low toxicity and biocompatibility of chitosan-based materials is achieved by using cross-linking reagents.

2 dwg, 12 ex

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: article comprises a coating supported on a substrate material, wherein the coating comprises a carrier material containing a lipid which releasably retains a food modifier.

EFFECT: invention ensures heat-activated transfer or moisture-activated transfer of a food modifier from the coating to food materials.

38 cl, 1 dwg, 2 tbl, 9 ex

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production technology of multi-component food products containing components with different moisture content and water activity. Multi-layered edible moisture barrier contains at least one lipidic layer and flexible hydrophobic layer. Lipidic layer contains from 65 to 99 wt % of edible low-melting triglyceride mixture with 35°C melting temperature and from 1 to 35 wt % of edible macrodispersive high-melting lipide with melting temperature 70°C and higher. Lipidic layer has solid fat content from 50 to 70% at 15 to 25°C and contains microdispersive particles of high-melting lipide not more than 0.1 micron in good supply to prevent fluid fat leakage from crystalline fat net.

EFFECT: invention allows to create multi-layered edible moisture barrier with sufficient mechanical flexibility, which is organoleptically admissible for different kinds of food in the interval of storage and usage temperatures.

34 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food products manufacture. The invention relates to a device for food products treatment by way of gas contact with a solid substance and to a method for food products treatment by way of applying coating onto a solid substance in the form of particles and by way of contact of gas and the solid substance in the form of particles. A drum is placed around the internal pipe so that between the drum and the pipe an annular space is limited. The rotated spiral element limits gas passing in the annular space so that the spiral rotation pushes the solid substance particles through the drum while the solid substance contacts the gas in the annular space.

EFFECT: invention allows to apply a coating of flowing coating material onto food material particles with the coating solidification.

20 cl, 3 dwg, 3 ex

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to confectionary masses containing a candy base with enhanced stability. The candy base contains at least one sugar base, at least one food organic acid, at least one xanthine derivative and fructose in an amount of at least 0 - 1.9% of candy base weight.

EFFECT: invention allows to produce confectionary masses ensuring a stimulating effect of xanthine derivative and sugar base energy without negative aspects of feculence, adhesiveness and taste modification.

16 cl, 3 tbl, 2 ex

Pelleting apparatus // 2292726

FIELD: processing of raw food materials, in particular, technique used in lines for producing of extruded combined feed and food concentrates.

SUBSTANCE: pelleting apparatus has cylindrical working chamber with nozzle incorporated therein, and drive. Vertical shaft with four symmetrically fixed rectangular partitions is positioned within working chamber. Of said partitions, two opposite partitions are provided with rectangular radial cuts formed in their lower parts and other two partitions are in contact with bottom divided into four sections. Three of said sections are made perforated and fourth section has cut communicating with discharge branch pipe. Branch pipe for discharge of excessive fat-and-vitamin mixture is positioned under first section and branch pipe for feeding of heat-carrier is positioned under second and third sections. Nozzle for feeding of fat-and-vitamin mixture is located within upper part of first section and branch pipe with strainer type separator is positioned within cover positioned above second and third sections, said strainer type separator being designed for discharge of used heat-carrier. Charging branch pipe is positioned laterally of upper part of working chamber, above first section.

EFFECT: improved quality of ready product, intensified pelleting process and wider range of usages.

1 dwg

FIELD: food-processing industry, in particular, production of coated chewing gum.

SUBSTANCE: method involves providing continuous coating of individual pieces of chewing material by introducing sheets of chewing material provided with weakened lines into mixer; rotating mixer for dividing sheet of chewing material into individual pieces; transferring individual pieces of chewing material into first rotating drum member having inlet end and outlet end; transporting said individual pieces from inlet end to outlet end; applying at least several first coatings of first material onto said individual pieces in first rotating drum member; treating said individual pieces in first rotating drum member with air at first temperature for preventing individual pieces from adherence to one another; inclining first rotating drum member to extent sufficient for making said first individual pieces previously introduced into inlet end substantially first pieces of chewing material delivered from outlet end; transferring said individual pieces to second rotating drum member having inlet and outlet ends; transporting said individual pieces from inlet end to outlet end of second rotating drum member; applying at least several second coatings of second material onto said individual pieces in second drum member; drying said individual pieces in second drum member by circulation of air heated to second temperature higher than temperature in first drum member; inclining second drum member to extent sufficient for making said individual pieces introduced into inlet end of second drum member substantially first pieces of chewing material delivered from outlet end of second drum. The result is that smooth thick enclosures of coating materials are formed on each piece of chewing material.

EFFECT: improved quality of chewing products and increased efficiency of coating application process.

9 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: food-processing and pharmaceutical industry.

SUBSTANCE: method involves applying panning syrup containing maltitol or isomaltitol and at least one binder, said binder being partly or completely represented in the form of syrup or sorbitol powder to reduce fragility of panned articles. Panning syrup contains 1-5 wt% of dry substance or sorbitol powder. Panned article is food, veterinary, pharmaceutical or dietary product, seeds or grains, powdered fertilizer or additive based on yeast, microorganisms, vitamins, aromatic substances, perfumes, acids, sweeteners or active components.

EFFECT: reduced probability of destructing product panned with maltitol or isomaltitol.

6 cl, 1 ex

The invention relates to surface treatment of food products in small sizes

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to confectionary industry and can be used in production of whipped masses for confectionary products. The method involves boiling-out of agar-sugar-molasses syrup prepared by way of mixing agar (preliminarily soaked in water) with sugar and molasses, the syrup cooling and whipping with addition of a whipping agent, introduction of a milk component and flavouring additives into the whipped mass. Agar preliminary soaked in water is brought to the boiling point with a preservative (sorbic acid) introduced into the solution. The prepared agar-sugar-molasses syrup is boiled out at a temperature of 105-109°C and until the content of reducing substances is 15-20%; the syrup cooling is performed to a temperature of 80-100°C; the whipping agent is represented by dry egg albumen solution. The milk component added into the whipped mass is represented by condensed milk with sugar or boiled condensed milk. Dry egg albumen is introduced into the whipped mass in the form of a water solution, the ratio of albumen to water being 1:7. The flavouring additives introduced into the whipped mass are selected from the group: a fat component, rectified ethyl alcohol, chocolate glaze, succades, dried fruit and crisps Introduced into the whipping agent is an aromatic substance. Introduced into the whipping agent is a stabiliser represented by trehalose.

EFFECT: invention ensures the technological process duration reduction and extension of the whipped mass storage life.

6 cl, 3 tbl, 6 ex

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to a confectionary product and its production method. The confectionary product contains a sheet of extruded confectionary material having at least one capillary placed therein; the said sheet is at least partly folded or twisted. The product has a longitudinal axis that extends along the twisting coils or axis; the said at least one capillary extends parallel, perpendicular or at an inclined angle relative to the product longitudinal axis. The confectionary product manufacture method involves a stage of the confectionary material extrusion for production of a sheet containing at least one capillary placed therein and a stage of the sheet twisting or folding.

EFFECT: present invention allows to manufacture a confectionary product containing edible sheets that demonstrate an improved taste and are of enhanced visual interest.

18 cl, 16 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to confectionary industry. The method envisages preparation of a sugar suspension consisting of sand sugar, 21-25°C water and 15-35°C acid invert syrup with dry substances content and reducing substances content equal to 78-80% and 78-80%, the syrup quantity amounting to 3-4 wt % of the total sugar sand weight. In the process of stirring the suspension is heated to a temperature of 90-95°C and then delivered into a cavitation installation with an ultrasonic transducer installed inside the pipeline and a tempering water jacket under the conditions of acoustic and hydrodynamic co-cavitation within mutually perpendicular planes. Acoustic cavitation is ensured by the ultrasonic transducer with oscillation frequency equal to 18-24 kHz and oscillation amplitude equal to 3-4 mcm by way of pump-assisted recirculation during 9-10 minutes at a temperature of 95-100°C through the cavitation tubular reactor, 220-230 mm and having a diameter equal to 12-13 mm, with two-stage variation of the gap formed by the reactor inner wall and the ultrasonic transducer surface. The radius of the first gap formed by the reactor inner wall and the ultrasonic transducer surface is 4-5 mm. The second gap surface is 1.5-2 mm. Then starch is supplied into the kneading machine with the kneading tools rotation rate equal to 50-70 rpm; then the 90-95°sugar syrup produced in the cavitation installation (the ratio of sugar syrup to starch being (1:0.28-0.29) respectively) is supplied for the starch scalding at the kneading machine operational stroke. After stirring for 4-5 minutes, one supplies into the produced 85-90°C mass a preliminarily prepared mixture of pectin and starch, the ratio of pectin to starch being 1:3, and proceeds with stirring and cooling. After the produced mass cooling to 40-42°C, one supplies 10% citric acid solution and proceeds with kneading for 3-4 minutes, the kneading tools rotation rate equal to 300-360 rpm, until the components equitability is 90-92%. The components are selected in the following ratio, weight parts: sugar sand 71.3-71.5, starch 25.4-26.2, acid invert syrup 2.3-2.9, pectin 0.1-0.11, citric acid 0.03-0.04.

EFFECT: invention allows selection of corresponding equipment to achieve particles equitability and selection of components ensuring stable quality and long storage life.

2 dwg, 2 ex

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to confectionary industry. The method envisages preparation of a sugar suspension consisting of sand sugar, 21-25°C water ensuring the suspension moisture content is 18-22%, and 15-35°C acid invert syrup with dry substances content and reducing substances content equal to 78-80% and 78-80%, the syrup quantity amounting to 2-3 wt % of the total sugar sand weight. In the process of stirring the suspension is heated to a temperature of 90-95°C and then delivered into a cavitation installation with an ultrasonic transducer installed inside the pipeline and a tempering water jacket under the conditions of acoustic and hydrodynamic co-cavitation within mutually perpendicular planes. Acoustic cavitation is ensured by the ultrasonic transducer with oscillation frequency equal to 18-24 kHz and oscillation amplitude equal to 3-4 mcm by way of pump-assisted recirculation during 9-10 minutes at a temperature of 95-100°C through the cavitation tubular reactor, 220-230 mm and having a diameter equal to 12-13 mm, with two-stage variation of the gap formed by the reactor inner wall and the ultrasonic transducer surface. The radius of the first gap formed by the reactor inner wall and the ultrasonic transducer surface is 4-5 mm. The second gap surface is 1.5-2 mm. Then starch is supplied into the kneading machine with the kneading tools rotation rate equal to 50-70 rpm; then the 90-95°sugar syrup produced in the cavitation installation is supplied for the starch scalding at the kneading machine operational stroke. The ratio of sugar syrup to starch is 1:(0.28-0.29) respectively. The mass is stirred for 2-3 minutes and dried to 50-60°C. Supplied into the mass is gelatine preliminarily prepared by way of soaking in water at a ratio of 1:5 during 10-12 minutes with further dilution with the 90-95°C sugar syrup produced in the cavitaion installation. The ratio of gelatine too sugar syrup is 1:(1-2) respectively. The mass is stirred and cooled. After the produced mass stirring for 2-3 minutes and cooling to 37-40°C, one supplies therein 10 % citric acid solution and proceeds with kneading for 3-4 minutes, the stirring tools rotation rate equal to 300-360 rpm, until the components equitability is 90-92%. The components are selected in the following ratio, weight parts: sugar syrup 71.3-71.5, starch 25.1-26.1, acid invert syrup 1.5-2.2, gelatine1.0-1.1, citric acid 0.02-0.03.

EFFECT: invention achieves particles equitability and selection of components ensuring stable quality and long storage life.

2 dwg, 2 ex

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to food industry, in particular, to its confectionary branch and may be used in sugar confectionery goods production. One mixes the following dry components in the cooking kettle: isomalt and dry milk. Water is taken in an amount of 30-35 % of the dry components mixture weight. The produced mixture is dissolved in water while the produced solution is gradually heated up to 115-117°C and continuously stirred. Then one introduces 70°C molasses and a melted fat component. The recipe mixture is boiled out up to 123-125°C till dry substances content is equal to 88-90%. Then one adds a flavouring agent, pours the mass into cells impressed in starch, cures the bodies during 3-4 hours at a temperature of 8-10°C, purifies them from starch and delivers them for wrapping. The milk sweets components are taken in a specified quantity.

EFFECT: invention allows to produce viscous-and-gummy consistency goods of preventive purpose, with dietary and diabetic properties due to reduction of caloric content and goods quality enhancement, structure forming duration decrease and the produced goods storage life increase.

3 cl, 2 ex

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