Logistic terminal

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to storage of cargoes. Proposed terminal for airports comprises single-level bearing platform raised above bearing surface. Said platform supports a storage facility with walls and roof. Zone of loading/unloading of cargos from city side adjoins said facility on one side level with said bearing platform. Said storage facility accommodates the zone of shelf storage of cargoes and containers, customs section, zone for loading/unloading of cargoes fed from aircraft. Besides there is the zone of loading/unloading of cargoes fed from or to aircraft. Said zone comprise ramps. Terminal comprises the zone of shelf storage. The latter is equipped with refrigerating chambers. Storages of cargoes coming from or to aircraft are located outside said facility in the zone of ramps.

EFFECT: accelerated handling of cargoes.

7 cl, 7 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of warehousing and storage of goods stacked in warehouses and for the design of intermodal logistics aviation-cargo complex for airports handling cargo by air and road transport, designed for commercial service aircraft), terminal handling of cargo and mail services in customs clearance, freight forwarding and sale of freight.

Currently, storage terminals built on the principle of placing on the shelves of pallets of cargo at great depth. Storage space in such a terminal is a stand-alone module and, in fact, is a typical warehouse. Placing pallets with cargo gives an opportunity to significantly increase the storage density of the cargo, as it eliminates the filling racks small piece of cargo. When you consider that during storage of cargo each position on the rack number is assigned its place on the shelf, it becomes clear that it is unprofitable to take the place of separate small-sized cargo. Use pan loading racks allows you to maximize the density of loading of the warehouse. But by itself, the warehouse or the store cannot exist without transport infrastructure and systems for controlling the movement of cargo that t is of Buet accession to the storage location of additional areas, usually freestanding. This increases the path of movement of the load, increases the time to process, especially if this processing is sequential.

To reduce the path of movement of goods and to reduce the time of unloading-loading and improve ease of access to the goods on the shelves with the help of mechanical devices use the principle of formation of complexes, which brings together under one roof and in one spare a couple of utility systems, United by a common algorithm handling.

For example, the complex centralized receiving, processing, delivery and distribution of goods, including interconnected transport tunnel multifunctional complex of send/receive and process and multifunctional complex delivery and distribution of goods, a set of send/receive and processing is executed in the form of a layered structure with the base part and includes the reception area of foreign goods arriving by road, railway and water transport, storage area containers, customs terminal, the storage area of the pallets, the loading area of the train transport tunnel, Parking areas for trucks, technical and office space, underground multi-level Parking, shopping and hotel complex with a Seating area and logistics the center with automated system of collecting and processing information about the number, the item and the delivery of various goods to consumers, screening cargo and forming the address of shipments, control and manage the movement of goods from supplier to customer, multifunctional complex delivery and distribution of goods includes the receiving station trains and unloading, temporary storage area, zone loading small-sized vehicles, the area of distribution and delivery to consumers, and the functional zone of the receiving/sending and handling are connected by ramps and/or elevators, functional areas of the complex delivery and distribution of goods interconnected vertical movable means in the form of elevators and lifts, and technical and service areas shopping and hotel complex with a Seating area and a logistics centre is located on the outer surface of the base of the complex send (EN 59552, B65G 65/00, B65G 67/00, publ. 27.12.2006).

The disadvantage of this complex is that it has several branching scheme ways to move cargo from unloading to warehouse and from warehouse to the consignee. In the scheme for the construction of the terminal has crossing paths not only horizontally, but also vertically, which, naturally, increases the processing time of the cargo.

The present invention direction which relate to the achievement of the technical result consisting in the reduction of the path of movement of goods and reduce the time of cargo handling, and improving the ease of access to the goods on the shelves with the help of mechanical devices.

This technical result is achieved by the fact that logistics terminal, mainly for airports, containing raised above the support surface sibling support platform on which is mounted a room with walls and a roof, which at the level of the reference sites with one side of a room adjacent area loading/unloading external loads from the city, placed inside the area shelving storage of cargo and containers, customs area, the area of the loading/unloading of goods coming from or for air tools, zone loading/unloading external loads from the city represents a ramp along the walls, made with the possibility of unloading the manual way and mechanized means of motor vehicles, this zone is associated with an area of shelving storage through the zone of collection/delivery of cargo, which is located inside along the ramp and is separated from the zone shelving storage partition with lift gates, zone loading/unloading of goods coming from or for air tools, represents a ramp along the walls of the houses is, the opposite wall, along which has a ramp loading/unloading external loads from the city, which is made with the possibility of unloading/loading mechanized means goods, this zone is associated with an area of shelving storage through the partition with lift gates, along the other walls inside the area shelving warehousing posted by refrigerating chamber, and outside in the area of the ramp loading/unloading of goods coming from or for air tools are the store for special cargo, and the area shelving storage longitudinally divided into two storage section, equipped with multi-tier shelving, one of which is for goods, passed through the customs area and the other for cargo internal messages between two warehouse locations along the line of the longitudinal separation is container line for mechanization move large loads, with the device of the lifting line and lifting them from the line, while each of the two storage section is made from ramp loading/unloading of goods coming from or for air tools, zone ascompletely/picking of the goods, in which there is at least one inspection device, and a scale.

These signs are there is i.i.d. and correlated with the formation of stable essential features, sufficient to obtain the desired technical result.

The present invention is illustrated with a specific example of implementation, which, however, is not only possible, but clearly demonstrates the possibility of achieving the desired technical result.

Figure 1 shows the layout in terms of logistics terminal;

figure 2 - layout of zones shelving storage of goods sent by international airlines and sent on domestic flights;

figure 3 - view of the multi-tiered rack;

4 is a view of the racks;

figure 5 - area of the container mechanization;

6 is a configuration area/ascompletely cargo departing on international flights;

Fig.7 - picking zone/ascompletely cargo, and sent on domestic flights.

According to the present invention the construction of the intermodal logistics aviation-cargo complex cargo handling for air and road transport, designed for commercial service aircraft, terminal handling of cargo and mail services in customs clearance, freight forwarding and sales of cargo transportation. The complex should handle the following types of cargo and mail in accordance with international standards IATA, Russian laws and industry is the requirements:

- The cargo on cargo and passenger aircraft on scheduled and Charter flights.

- General (ordinary) cargo.

- Special cargo, including dangerous goods, live animals, valuable cargo, perishable cargo wet cargo, strong-smelling cargo, oversized and heavy cargo other cargo.

Mail, including international and diplomatic.

The complex is divided into the area of cargo handling, inbound and outbound international airlines (ials), and the area of cargo handling, inbound and outbound domestic flights (WL). This circumstance is caused by the need for isolated storage of goods subject to customs clearance. However, the technology of processing of goods, the type and number of handling equipment is not affected. In addition, on-demand aviation security and customs authorities in the area of shelving storage ials and WL must be isolated by means of a chain link fence from adjacent areas of the collection/delivery of cargo, and the area shelving storage ials, additionally, from a zone configuration/ascompletely cargo.

In General, logistics terminal for airports includes raised above the support surface sibling support platform on which is mounted the room with the article the us and the roof, to which level of foothold with one side of a room adjacent area loading/unloading external loads from the city, placed inside the area shelving storage of cargo and containers, customs area, the area of the loading/unloading of goods coming from or for air tools. Area loading/unloading external loads from the city represents a ramp along the walls, made with the possibility of unloading by hand and mechanized means of motor vehicles, this zone is associated with an area of shelving storage through the zone of collection/delivery of cargo, which is located inside along the ramp and is separated from the zone shelving storage partition with lift gates. Area loading/unloading of goods coming from or for air tools, represents a ramp along the walls of the room, opposite wall, along which has a ramp loading/unloading external loads from the city, which is made with the possibility of unloading/loading mechanized means goods, this zone is associated with an area of shelving storage through the partition with lift gates. Along the other walls inside the area shelving warehousing posted by refrigerating chamber, and outside in the area of the pandas is sa loading/unloading cargo, coming from or for air tools are the store for special cargo. Area shelving storage longitudinally divided into two storage section, equipped with multi-tier shelving, one of which is for goods passing through the customs area and the other for cargo internal messages between two warehouse locations along the line of the longitudinal separation is container line for mechanization move large loads, with the device of the lifting line and lifting them from the line, while each of the two storage section is made from ramp loading/unloading of goods coming from or for air tools, zone ascompletely/picking of the goods, in which there is at least one inspection apparatus and scales. The following is an example of a specific implementation of the invention. Conventionally, the complex is divided into separate areas: area 1 loading/unloading of cargo from the city, zone 2 collection/delivery of cargo, zone 3 shelf storage cargo ials, zone 4 rack cargo storage WL, zone 5 container mechanization with container line for mechanization move large loads, with the device of the lifting line and lifting them from the line, zone 6 complete/ascompletely cargo ials, zone 7 komplektas and/ascompletely cargo WL, zone 8 loading/unloading from the platform, zone 9 storage of special cargo, the refrigerating chamber 10 with temperature -18C, -2C, +6C for ials and refrigerating chambers 11 with temperature -18C, -2C, +6C for WL.

Area 1 loading/unloading of cargo from the city (Fig. 1) is located on the front side of the complex along the building. It is designed for loading/unloading of cargo to/from the vehicles 12 clients receiving/sending the goods. The area is a ramp 13 length 96 m, width 6 m and height from ground level (zero level) of 1.05 m Width of the ramp should provide the movement and rotation of the truck with the pallet on the forks (parameter Ast), as well as placement on the ramp pallets for warehousing their cargo during unloading of the vehicle or load with the load in the vehicle.

With the right and left sides of the ramp has a platform 14 with a width of 6 and a length of 20 m, the end portion adjacent to the ramp and providing unloading/loading of trailers 15 for transporting large and indivisible goods (hereinafter - trailer pad 14). On the outside of trailer pads 14 located on WL, equipped with a ramp 16 to allow the exit of the warehouse forklift ramp to the cargo yard and back.

On the front of the ramp designated entrance vehicles for unloading/loading of cargo equipment who are leveling platforms 17 (loader) based two sites on WL and four sites on the ials, enabling the unloading/loading of vehicles with mechanical means (trucks).

Area 1 loading/unloading of cargo from the city connected with area 2 collection/delivery of cargo sectional overhead doors 18 with thermal curtains front of trailer sites (one on WL and MVV), size of 3.53.5 m, and the leveling pads (four on international flights and two on WWL), with dimensions of 2.53,0 m

Trailer pad 14 and the leveling pad 17, the gate 18 zone 1 loading/unloading of cargo from the city, the aisles between the rows of zones shelving storage ials, WL and gate areas loading/unloading of cargo from the platform, as a rule, must be on the same axis and to ensure unimpeded movement of cargo through the terminal during its processing.

Area loading/unloading of cargo from the city along the entire length (except trailer sites) is equipped with a canopy, providing a flow (gathering) of rainfall abroad ramp at the freight yard.

Zone 2 collection/delivery of the goods is located inside the terminal between area 1 loading/unloading of cargo from the city, from which is separated by a wall with a sectional overhead doors 18, and zones 3 and 4 rack cargo storage ials and vwl, from which is separated by a mesh fence 19 (figure 1).

Zone 2 is designed for screening cargo on the subject of aviation safety and training is ovci for transportation as well as their delivery to the clients on arrival. Zone 2 has the dimensions from the wall with a gate 18 to mesh fences 19 a width of 8 meters, the length of 96 meters. The width of the zone is selected from the condition of optimal placement of pallets with cargo for the marking of goods: (1 row of pallets on 1.2 m) - 1.2 m, the movement of the truck with a turn of 90 to the fence of the pallet and its setting on the guide roller inspection apparatus 20-3 m, as well as the location of the inspection apparatus 20 to 3.5 m Functional area of collection/delivery of cargo is divided into zones of cargo handling on WL and MVV. In turn, the area WL - at the reception area of the cargo area and the cargo.

The reception area of the cargo on WL separated from zone shelving storage cage with technological gate opposite the trailer platform. This part of the zone 2 is equipped with two screening devices 20 (X-Rey), one intended for examination of the cargo (the size of the input window inspection camera 1500x1600 mm, the guide roller) and one for screening of mail (the size of the input window inspection camera 650450 mm, guides the tape). Devices installed across sectional lifting the gate so that their output roller (tape) was behind the mesh fence in the area of the rack cargo storage WL. Next to the roller (tape) equipped with automatic rowanne jobs 21 employees of the aviation security service (with one hand) and premonarchical (on the other hand). Output roller inspection apparatus for a load equipped with a 3.0-ton weights and equipment measurement volume. Next to the ribbon postal inspection apparatus is set to 1.0-ton scale.

Additionally in the area are equipped with:

- the venue for pest control, which may include a metal Desk with cupboard and drawers, fluorescent lighting (the place is equipped in consultation with the post phytosanitary surveillance);

- place packaging of the goods, which may include packing machine for packing of cargo stretch film; strapping machine for anantavijaya cargo plastic tape; manual typewriter frame for anantavijaya cargo metal tape and other equipment, as well as separated the place of storage of the packaging material.

Area the goods at WL separated from zone shelving storage cage with technological gateway for delivery of cargo to consignees opposite the leveling pad. It is equipped with weights to 3.0 ton to allow weighing of the goods by the customer upon receipt. In addition, in the immediate vicinity of the zone of the container mechanization is set, similarly to the reception area on WL, inspection apparatus (X-Rey)used if necessary to ensure that the screening of cargo for grozovo what about a Charter flight with transportation of cargo unit load devices.

Area of collection/delivery of cargo on international flights apart from the rack cargo storage ials and zone delivery WL mesh fence with gate technological. In the first case, the technological gate is made to ensure the collection/delivery of cargo, the second technological unification of the two space areas. It is equipped with inspection apparatus (X-Rey) with characteristics similar to the inspection apparatus of the zone of acceptance of the goods on WL, and additional weights to 3.0 ton for providing a control action by the customs authorities. Inspection apparatus, and a scale mounted along the meshwire zone shelving storage ials.

Zone 3 shelf storage cargo IAL (Fig.1-4) is located inside the terminal between area 2 collection/delivery of cargo on international flights (delimited mesh fence), zone 4 rack cargo storage WL (area 5 container mechanization, which is delimited by a mesh fence) and area 6 complete/ascompletely cargo IAL (delimited mesh fence). Zone 3 is designed to accommodate temporary storage of goods requiring customs control. It is equipped with 10-gage rows of racks 22 seven sections with four tiers of storage of goods in each (figure 3 and 4). The sections can be accommodated in the width (the smaller side on the front of the rack) on t and warehouse pallet 23.

For storage of large cargo and cargo aircraft pallets without their ascompletely in area provided with appropriate designated outdoor storage, providing accommodation for up to 16 aircraft pallet PMC (size of 3.22.4 m). Storage of aircraft pallets is carried out on 16 expendable pallets.

Zone 4 rack cargo storage WL (Fig.1-4) is located inside the terminal between the area of collection/delivery of cargo at vwl (delimited mesh fence), area rack cargo storage IAL (area container mechanization, which is delimited technological line) and zone picking/ascompletely cargo WL (delimited technological line). Zone 4 is designed to accommodate temporary storage of goods, ready to air transportation, and goods intended for delivery to customers on arrival. It is equipped with six rows of racks in seven sections with four tiers of storage of goods in each. The size of the racks and their arrangement is the same as in the zone of the rack cargo storage ials.

Technologically area is divided into two equal parts in the form of storage areas 24 and 25 (figure 2), respectively cargo storage on arrival and storage of cargo on the flight delimited technological line 26:

area 25 storage departure from the city in net for the birth on the contrary trailer areas are equipped with technological gate 26, providing the movement area of oversized and heavy cargoes and goods not subject to inspection by the inspection apparatus 20 (X-Rey). From the platform area equipped with a number of open metal cabinets with cells for storing small goods;

zone 24 storage upon arrival from the city in mesh fence opposite the leveling pad (dockleveler) equipped with technological gate 27, which provides export of goods for delivery to customers. From the city area equipped with a number of open metal cabinets with cells for storing small goods.

Area 5 container mechanization (figure 1 and 5) is located inside the terminal area between shelving storage of cargo on international flights (delimited mesh fence) and area shelving storage of cargo on WL (delimited technological line). It is designed to ascompletely/picking cargo unit load devices. The area is located between zones shelving storage WL and MVV to ensure optimization of the production process of ascompletely (picking) of cargo and accommodation (export) it (C) appropriate storage areas.

Equipment zone 5 container mechanization includes:

table 28 container mechanization. He is own the Yu ball floor (cargo castor), performed at the level that ensures removal (loading) with his aircraft pallets (container) 29 loaded on the expendable pallet standing on the floor level, to further his or her own transportation. Table container mechanization is intended to accommodate aircraft pallet (containers) for ascompletely/picking on it (them) of cargo. The table along the long axis divided by the technological line 30 into two unequal parts - 2/3 are in the area of customs control (TC) ials and 1/3 in rack storage area cargo WL;

two container input 31. They connect the ramp from the platform, the interior of the terminal (zone configuration/ascompletely cargo). The inputs represent automated roller conveyor with drive and are designed to move cargo aircraft pallet (container) with a cargo truck on a table container mechanization and back. They performed at a level ensuring the removal of aircraft pallets (container) cargo cargo truck - 508 mm above floor level;

two workstations 32. They are installed in the zone configuration/ascompletely cargo at the ends of the container entries so that unhindered movement thereon cargo aircraft pallet (container) container entries. The stations are intended for in which vishivaniya cargo (structurally must be installed scales), picked on aviation pallet (container), as well as the lowering of the container inlets (508 mm) to the level of expendable pallets standing on the floor, and Vice versa;

- rotary table 33. He through a specially set expendable pallets connects two workstations between itself and the conveyor table mechanization. Provides technical transfer function of the load on the conveyor table mechanization and back. He performed at floor level and is a ball floor (cargo castor), providing not only transport aircraft pallets (container) on the table container mechanization and back, but removing its loader pallet (donkey LEHF 75-D) to complete/ascompletely expendable pallet and/or transportation in the area of outdoor storage temporary storage.

Area 6 complete/ascompletely cargo IAL (6) is located inside the terminal area between rack cargo storage IAL (delimited mesh fence), zone picking/ascompletely cargo WL (delimited technological line) and area loading/unloading from the platform, from which is separated by a wall with a sectional overhead doors.

It is designed to ascompletely/bundling of cargo transported as bulk and unit load devices, as well as carrying out customs control actions on the body. The width of the zone should optimally to ensure the placement of pallets with cargo for the formation of cargo (freight packing for the flight) volume on average for 4-6 pallets simultaneously for 2-3 flight, holding ascompletely cargo upon arrival volume to an average of 5 - 10 pallets simultaneously with 6-10 flights, as well as the carrying out of control actions of the customs authorities with weighing and inspection of the cargo.

The area is equipped with inspection apparatus 20 (X-Rey) with characteristics similar to the inspection apparatus 20 of the zone of acceptance of the goods on WL, and additional weights 34 to 3.0 ton for providing a control action by the customs authorities. Inspection apparatus, and a scale mounted along the meshwire 35 zone shelving storage ials. In the wall separating this area from the ramp from the platform, equipped with sectional overhead gates 36 with thermal curtains: two gates with dimensions of 2.53.0 m front leveling pads and one gate 3.54 m, for maintenance of oversized cargo.

Area 7 complete/ascompletely cargo WL (7) is located inside the terminal area between rack cargo storage WL (delimited technological line), zone picking/ascompletely cargo IAL (delimited technological line) and area loading/unloading from the side of the apron, to the ora separated by a wall with AGK sectional overhead doors.

It is designed to ascompletely/bundling of cargo transported as bulk and unit load devices. The width of the zone should optimally to ensure the placement of pallets with cargo for the formation of cargo (freight packing for the flight) with a volume average up to 2-3 pallet, at the same time for 2-3 flight, holding ascompletely cargo upon arrival volume average 5-10 pallets simultaneously with 4-8 flights. In the wall separating this area from the ramp from the platform, equipped with sectional overhead gates 36 with thermal curtains: two gates with dimensions of 2.53.0 m front leveling pads and one gate 3.54 m, for maintenance of oversized cargo.

Zone 8 loading/unloading of cargo from the platform (figure 1) is located on the back of the terminal along the building. It is designed for unloading/loading of cargo from/to AIC and cargo trucks. The area is a ramp length of 96 m, width 12 m, with two congresses 37 (ramp) and height from ground level (zero level) of 1.05 m Width of the ramp should ensure simultaneous unloading (loading) cargo trucks (3.5 m) of container entries, the movement of the ramp APK (3.5 m), and unloading/loading through the leveling pad and placing the edge of the ramp up to 2 rows of warehouse pallets (2.5 m).

On the front of the ramp meters is one hundred entrance of vehicles for unloading/loading of cargo are equipped with leveling platforms (loader) based two sites on WL and three sites on the ials, enabling the unloading/loading of vehicles with mechanical means (trucks).

The area is connected to the zone configuration/ascompletely cargo sectional overhead doors with thermal curtains in front of the ramps (one on WL and MVV), size of 3.53.5 m, and the leveling pads (3 kilometers) and 1 on WWL), with dimensions of 2.53,0 m Along the entire length (excluding access ramps) the ramp is equipped with a canopy, providing a flow (gathering) of rainfall abroad ramp at the freight yard.

Zone 9 storage of special cargo (figure 1) are designed as separate from the terminal buildings, located on the back of the terminal ends of the ramp (zone loading/unloading of cargo from the platform) is identical to WL and MVV. Each structure has warehouses with separate entrances, providing outdoor storage of goods in warehouse pallets:

- three storage of dangerous goods (hereinafter - DG), two of which provide separate storage of incompatible OG, and one radioactive EXHAUST (except fissile nuclear materials);

one warehouse storage of valuable goods;

one warehouse storage of human remains (cargo 200"). Refrigerating chambers 10 and 11 (figure 1) are located inside the terminal and placed along the end walls is identical to WL and MVV. The output of the refrigerating chamber are in the appropriate zone configuration/R is komplektacii cargo. Within each of the refrigerating chamber highlighted four temperature zones, one of which is the deep-freezing up to -18C, and three others - with the possibility of placing in each temperature regime from -2C to +6C, separated from each other oilcloth curtains.

Each cooling chamber is equipped with:

- deep freeze - two rows of shelves along the walls, two sections bunk storage in row. In each section three warehouse pallet;

three zones of temperature of -2C to +6C - two rows of shelves along the walls around nine sections bunk storage in row (each zone has three sections). In each section 3 storage tray.

In the terminal movement of goods is carried out so that traffic flows do not overlap or intersection was minimized. The flows are distributed in zones of arrival and departure of cargo.

Consider the process of cargo on the flight.

Customers (shippers) come into the client area, documents for the shipping and terminal processing (details of this procedure in this application are not considered). They get a contract on his hands terminal processing of the goods, marks for each piece of cargo, as well as pass vehicles on freight yard. Come on presentation of a pass on the freight yard and becoming the t truck unloading. The basis for the subsequent processing of cargo and information on the course of processing an information system in which information is recorded when the contract terminal processing.

At the time of unloading of the goods is a visual inspection by the customer on the correctness and integrity of the package, reconciliation with the accompanying documentation and labeling. Cargoes delivered in bulk, manually stacked on warehouse pallets with their sorted by the parties (separate bills) and transported to the zone of acceptance of the goods by using electroboogaloo forklift or lift truck, where they are mounted on the guide roller inspection apparatus.

After inspection personnel security the load inspector terminal is a reconciliation of the number of packages with supporting documentation, inspection of the integrity and correctness of their packaging, weighing and measuring the volume of cargo. The actual data entered into the information system and reflected in the contract terminal processing.

After receiving the cargo pallets are taken by truck and placed in accordance with the selected information system storage locations on the storage racks. The truck takes the pallets on the forks from the side (long side) and put on a shelf of a rack along its fron the and. Thus, on the shelf length 3300 mm are three of the pallet.

Small cargo customers pass for transportation as well as General cargo. When receiving a load inspector they accumulate on a separate pallet and its filling are delivered by truck to storage locations organized in metal cabinets (small). Heavy and bulky cargo on the decision of the aviation security service can be examined in other ways, bypassing the screening apparatus. In the area of shelving storage, they are on pallets go through the gate and are, as a rule, on the first tier shelf storage (on the floor).

For 5-6 hours before the flight Manager is the logical completion of cargo handling, the field which it produces job on the physical completion of the flight. On the basis of this assignment, the pallets are removed from the rack by means of electric and served in the zone picking, where part of the cargo remains on pallets waiting to be sent to the aircraft carrying cargo in bulk, and the rest are completed on the table container mechanization in the means of packaging to send to the aircraft carrying the cargo unit load devices.

Shipment of cargo transported sun in bulk, made in agriculture with the help of a truck, usually on pallets, without manual reloading. Shipment of cargo transported by aircraft in which edstac packaging, is on the trolley through the container entries after weighing.

When handling upon arrival cargo unloaded from the aircraft, arrives at the terminal. Cargo unloaded in bulk for parties (aviation overlaid) on warehouse pallets. The cargo unit load devices through the container receives inputs on the table container mechanization. Information about incoming cargo is entered into the information system. Is re-shipment, in order to verify the compliance of the cargo accompanying documents, the quantity of cargo, the integrity of the packaging. Goods stored on pallets. Cargo arriving on international flights, additionally, by decision of the customs bodies of their looks (inspected) and weighed. Assigned storage location of the cargo and its placement on pallets in the warehouse racks. Part of the cargo arriving in unit load devices at the same address, on warehouse pallets are not overloaded, and placed in designated outdoor storage.

The clients are informed about the arrival of their cargo and arrive in the client area of its receipt. In the information and logistics Department given client instance aviation invoice and pass vehicles on freight yard.

The cashier clients pay for terminal handling. To mark the rigid about payment shipping customers arrive at the warehouse and make aviation bill of lading to the load inspector terminal. In accordance with the documents for the cargo he removed the truck from the shelves and removed in the area of goods for subsequent loading into the transport client. The cargo floor storage in unit load devices are disposed for loading into a transport client right on the ramp.

The present invention is industrially applicable and can shorten the time for cargo handling, to minimize the number of manual operations in compliance with all necessary requirements and instructions related to air transportation.

1. Logistics terminal, mainly for airports, containing raised above the support surface sibling support platform on which is mounted a room with walls and a roof, which at the level of the reference sites with one side of a room adjacent area loading/unloading external loads from the city, placed inside the area shelving storage of cargo and containers, customs area, the area of the loading/unloading of goods coming from or for air tools, characterized in that the zone loading/unloading external loads from the city represents a ramp along the walls, made with the possibility of unloading by hand and mechanized cf is the funds of motor vehicles, this zone is associated with an area of shelving storage through the zone of collection/delivery of cargo, which is located inside along the ramp and is separated from the zone shelving storage partition with lift gates, zone loading/unloading of goods coming from or for air tools, represents a ramp along the walls of the room, opposite wall, along which has a ramp loading/unloading external loads from the city, which is made with the possibility of unloading/loading mechanized means goods, this zone is associated with an area of shelving storage through the partition with lift gates, along the other walls inside the area shelving storage posted by refrigerating chamber, and outside in the area of the ramp loading/unloading of goods coming from or for air tools are storage for goods, and the area shelving storage longitudinally divided into two storage section, equipped with multi-tier shelving, one of which is for goods passing through the customs area, and the other for domestic cargo-messageinbound and outbound domestic flights between the two warehouse locations along the line of the longitudinal separation is containername for mechanization move large loads, with the device of the lifting line and lifting them from the line, while each of the two storage areas on the sides of the ramp loading/unloading of goods coming from or for air tools, zone ascompletely/picking of the goods, in which there is at least one inspection device, and a scale.

2. The terminal according to claim 1, characterized in that the ramps are made with the ramp in the ramp transport or handling of funds.

3. The terminal according to claim 1, characterized in that the ramps are mounted leveling pad or a loader for loading the tool to perform the unloading directly from the truck.

4. The terminal according to claim 1, characterized in that the zone loading/unloading of cargo from the city connected with the area of collection/delivery of cargo sectional overhead doors.

5. The terminal according to claim 1, characterized in that the leveling pad, lifting gate zone loading/unloading of cargo from the city, the aisles between the rows of zones shelf storage and gate areas loading/unloading of goods coming from or for air tools are located on the same axis for end-to-end straight movement of cargo through the terminal.

6. The terminal according to claim 1, characterized in that the cooling chamber is made with a temperature of 18C, -2C, +6C.

7. The terminal according to claim 1, characterized in that the reception area of the issuance of cargo equipped with inspection apparatus and placed posts.



 

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FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment used for handling ship cargoes by quay cranes integrated into complex. Said complex comprises two and more mobile jig quay cranes each including jig crane assembly made up of jig, tower, rotary platform with power drives and actuators, and foundation platform thrusting on shoes of articulated outrigger system or telescoping outrigger system. Each said crane has composite foundation platform comprising load bearing metal frame to support jig crane assembly. One of cranes may be equipped with self-contained self-propelled wheeled undercarriage arranged below said load bearing metal frame. All cranes of said complex may be transferred by said self-propelled wheeled undercarriage. Handling of other cargoes is performed using its load bearing ability.

EFFECT: cargo handling by one self-contained drive mechanism.

5 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises soil pump 3 mounted on rotary platform 2 of hydraulic structure 1, mounting jib beam 4 and counterweight 5. Suction branch pipe bottom part is enclosed concentrically in casing 12. Water feed tube is connected to casing outer side. Nozzles to wash out sand-gravel mix are arranged under said casing. Horizontal sections of suction branch pipe and water feed tube for sand-gravel mix wash-out are arranged in parallel to each other and can turn. Suction branch pipe incorporates insert that allows horizontal section of suction branch pipe to turn thereabout. Pressure pipeline is communicated with soil pump via vertical insert to allow said pump to turn thereabout, pump pressure branch pipe being arranged along the platform turn axis. Suction branch pipe is connected by flexible element via deflecting unit with drum winch.

EFFECT: higher efficiency and reliability.

3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method of terminal transfer of coal from train 1 to ships 10 comprises discharging gondola cars by car tipper, processing and carrying the coal to pier, loading coal continuously by shipboard loader 9 onto ships. Shipboard loader parametres are optimised with due allowance for all components of the process, ship type and size and cargo handling equipment. In-port coal transfer is performed by process line comprising belt conveyors located in series and parallel that feature transfer rate control, distributing coal flows from main distribution tower in different directions by remote control means with due allowance for accurate configuration of bulk flows. Coal is subjected to crushing by controlled-parametre hammer and roller crushers, separating ferromagnetic inclusions by belt magnetic separators. All aforesaid processes are performed in closed premises.

EFFECT: continuous transfer, environmental safety.

8 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to reload cargoes from railroad vehicles to road transport and visa versa. Proposed system comprises track 1, reloading way 6 arranged on track level and parallel to track 1, cargo transverse transfer device to transfer replaceable bearing element 51 from car 2 to reloading track 6 and back. Shuttle intended for transfer of replaceable self-driven bearing element 51 is arranged on at least one bearing rail element 8, 9, across track 1. Car has two rotary bogies with horizontal support frame with its center accommodating intake element coupled with appropriate rotary bogie front element 34 with its support element that enters intake element of rotary bogie, two hinged sidewalls 39 linked with front elements 34 and locked therewith.

EFFECT: simplified reloading and reduced reloading time.

30 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: terminal system for loading/reloading (51) the ships (50) - container vessels incorporates the first berth (21) which provides ability for container vessel mooring; at least, one first reloading appliance (40), which is arranged near the first berth and is used for reloading from and/or to container vessel accordingly to and/or from the specified transit buffer area (20), arranged near the first berth for load temporary storage; and, at least, one second reloading appliance (22) intended for reloading from and/or to the buffer area accordingly to and/or from the terminal structure for load storage. Transit buffer area contains dock, which essentially lies between the first berth and, at least, one second berth of terminal structure, which provides ability to interact with the second reloading appliance. The second reloading appliance is a floating appliance which provides ability to take load and move afloat between the first and second berths.

EFFECT: invention increases functionality and enhances reliability.

13 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transshipment equipment for combined transportation. Proposed method deals with transshipping cargoes in containers (L) on platform using non-stationary replaceable pan (5) carried by railroad cars and container transfer device arranged stationary directly nearby track. Note that there are at least three parallel tracks and paths, first (11) for trucks, second (12) for temporary location of aforesaid replaceable pan and transshipping path (13) to crosswise transfer of containers. Proposed method consists in moving truck along approach way to leave container on aforesaid pan. The latter is transferred into cargo car to be fixed therein. In unloading the cargo train, jobs are effected in reverse sequence. Transport system comprises cars with rotary bogies jointed to the frame, pan and pan transfer device. Replaceable pan is furnished with extending lengthwise beams and horns.

EFFECT: expanded performances.

20 cl, 57 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed complex comprises lifting-and-conveying equipment arranged on the first deck of the section of packing cement compound into barrels, that of the section of settling down the said packages arranged on the second deck, the lifting-and-conveying equipment of the package certification section and package stepwise transfer mechanism. The said first section includes the sections of idler roller conveyor (5-7), package lifting-and-lowering mechanism (9) and assembly (10) to drain cement compound into barrels. The lifting-and-conveying equipment of the second section comprises two-row plate conveyors (43) arranged on both sides of roller conveyor (8) and handling appliances. Package stepwise transfer mechanism (21) comprises the posts with guide rollers arranged nearby the roller conveyor and pushrods for arrangement between adjacent packages.

EFFECT: accurate package positioning, higher safety and reliability.

19 cl, 16 dwg

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method of sorting consists with detachable containers (12) involves breaking-up and sorting consists by way of crosswise movement of wagons (6) from one track to another track of corresponding direction, on which the wagons can move by themselves to the required distance, simultaneously forming new sets on directions. The containers are then detached from the consist, put onto a storage, then removed from the storage and then moved to consists sorted according to direction.

EFFECT: cutting on time spent on delivering containers and accompanying expenses, increased cost competitiveness of railway transport.

1 dwg

FIELD: packaging industry.

SUBSTANCE: method can be used at storing of rolls (2) of flats of mess from 50 t at industrial plant's storehouse. Rolls (2) are placed double-decked. The first tier of rolls (2) is installed on underpans (1). Bearing surfaces of underpans are located angularly 20-45 to horizontal plane. According to the first version of method underpans (1) are located on floor of storehouse or on foundation (9) parallel to each other at pitch L, value of which is defined from corresponding correlations. According to the second version of method supports of underpan are located parallel to each other at pitch L, value of which is defined from corresponding correlations. In both versions of method by edges of bottom tier there are laid rolls, diametre of which is more or equal to diametre of neighbouring roll. Ratio of stacking height of rolls to width of roll is less or equal to 3. Displacement of roll of top tier relative to adjoining rolls of bottom tier lengthwise its longitudinal axis do not exceed 0.1 of roll width. Underpan (1) includes basis and longitudinal supports, containing reference elements in the form of plate, longitudinal bearing elements and transversal ribs. Reference elements are installed angularly 20-45 to plane of basis.

EFFECT: safety of rolls' storage.

13 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises calculating available storage house potential capacity, processing capacity and measuring mean daily temperature in the storage house. It also includes determining the storage house usable area, calculating the freight storing maximum admissible height, the resulted magnitudes allowing the determination of the storage house usable volume making a measure of its potential cubic capacity. The method incorporates also calculating number of separate loading/unloading stations, measuring the total length of all loading/unloading ramps and platforms, determining number of trucks to be arranged along the aforesaid ramps and platforms and that of them that can be loaded/unloaded at a time. Note that the latter is selected to make a measure of the storage facility processing capacity.

EFFECT: possibility of determining storage facility adequacy.

2 dwg

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: system incorporates a central computer, computers furnished in a lift, cargo truck and cargo gripping device communicating by means of a wire and a wireless means and being operated in a real-time mode. The said system is provided with safety pickups, laser range meters, transport mechanisms wheels guides mating pickups. All the said computers run their independent programs. The central computer control program operates by an algorithm of executing operations in various conditions of loading/unloading the cargo bins allowing for priorities of cargoes distribution in compliance with storage terms, load/unload job minimum time, warehousing cargo stock number series, burden of storage uniformity, as well as the cargo cell ID Number data, cargo stock number, quantity in storage units, weight, date, date of manufacture, shelf life and historical records of all operation with cargoes for the last three months. Depending upon the storehouse stock amount, the said system can incorporate at the aforesaid mechanisms up to four standby subsystems.

EFFECT: storehouse jobs optimisation.

9 dwg

FIELD: the invention refers to the field of transportation namely to systems of transportation from one point to another.

SUBSTANCE: the system of transportation is assigned for transportation loads in a multitude of containers from the first accurately defined address to the second accurately defined address. The system has a channel for transportation having a great number of guides located with intervals adjusted for entering into contact with multitude of mentioned containers, transferring arrangements for transfer of the mentioned containers between the mentioned guides. Each container has driving means and an operator corresponding with the means forcing the driving means to set the mentioned container into motion. The operator is connected in the working position with a control arrangement. The control arrangement is adjusted for identification of the first accurately defined address and the second accurately defined address, giving commands on positioning of the container in the channel to prevent unadjusted contact with the other container. The mentioned operator includes an arrangement for identification of coordinates assigned for transfer of information referring to the current position of the container, speed and direction of the transferring of the container to the control arrangement.

EFFECT: the invention provides transferring of simultaneous effective transferring of more then one container between the different initial points and destination points.

10 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: automotive industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automation of transportation works, particularly, to automatic accumulating storages playing part of buffer between different sections of car assembling lines. Proposed car bodies accumulating storage is essentially two sections, 1 and 2, arranged diagonally in plan which consist of separate roller units 3 with self-contained rotation drive 4 arranged in longitudinal and cross rows, sections being provided with common longitudinal and cross rows of said units. Pallets 5 are used as transportation means to carry car bodies. In cross direction longitudinal rows of roller units are intercoupled by system of chain conveyors. Distributing conveyor 6, discharge conveyor 7 and charge-discharge conveyor 8 arranged on common cross rows of roller units are designed to move pallets with bodies. Intake-putout conveyors 10 and 11 arranged at both sides from them at opposite sides of sections are designed for moving empty pallets. Storage positions 12 are found on inner longitudinal rows between opposite conveyors, and roller units located in extreme longitudinal rows of both sections, together with above-indicated conveyors 10 and 11 and intake conveyor 16 connecting discharge positions 14 and 15, and main-line conveyor 9 connecting extreme longitudinal rows of both sections form return line of empty pallets from discharge position to charge position 13. Pallets with bodies and empty pallets are installed to fill storage positions 12 from opposite sides of sections along any row intended for this purpose and roll them out in similar manner in reverse direction at discharging.

EFFECT: enlarged operating capabilities owing to provision of possibility of simultaneous accumulation and storage of empty pallets and pallets with bodies, reduced production areas, provision of operation flexibility of accumulating storage owing to division of pallet flows.

3 cl, 5 dwg

Loading member // 2275318

FIELD: mechanical engineering; materials handling facilities.

SUBSTANCE: proposed L-shaped loading member is made for placing on box bottom together with corresponding loading member. Each member is made on one of two parallel lower edges of box. Loading members are fixed close to box by means of belts or packing film thanks to which box supports can be formed. One l-section wall has at least two pressed hollow projections on surface to be pointed to loading member. Two projections from those stated above are spaced by at least half of length of loading member. Width of projections is either less than or is equal to half of wall width. Projections adjoin the edge on which l-shaped walls meet. Invention makes it possible to built relatively light loading member and to drive fork of fork-lift truck under loading member without damage or wear of loading member.

EFFECT: provision of light-weight loading member, ease of handling, no damage to member at handling by fork-lift truck.

12 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: power engineering, particularly technological means for tube storage, particularly to store bended tubes.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises straight branches and elbows connected through straight inserts. The device has vertical support with support brackets forming multilayer structure adapted to suspend bended pipes having different dimensions from minimal to maximal ones among pipes of heat-exchanger unit pipe bundle. The brackets are united in two groups in suspension plane. In each group brackets having minimal widths in above plane are located in low layer. Brackets of each next layer have width increasing in above plane for value corresponding to length of straight section defined by bent sections supported by bracket holding elbow of pipe to be suspended.

EFFECT: reduced labor inputs due to opening simultaneous access to pipes having different dimensions.

12 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: power engineering, particularly technological means for tube storage, particularly to store bended tubes.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises straight branches and elbows connected through straight inserts. The device has vertical support with support brackets forming multilayer structure adapted to suspend bended pipes having different dimensions from minimal to maximal ones among pipes of heat-exchanger unit pipe bundle. The brackets are united in two groups in suspension plane. In each group brackets located in lower layer are preferably formed as single rods. Brackets of each next layer are made as a pair of rods so that distance between rod axes in above plane increase throughout the layer height for value equal to double pipe branch pitch in pipe bundle layer.

EFFECT: reduced labor inputs due to opening simultaneous access to pipes having different dimensions.

14 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: mechanization of load-handling operations in storehouses.

SUBSTANCE: proposed station has main structure including inclined base 2 connected with chamber adjoining reloading platform of storehouse, and guard railings 5. Float support 9 is arranged in fluid medium in space of chamber. Carrying platform being approach way for motor vehicles is mounted on floating platform. End face of platform far from chamber is installed on base 2 movably by means of hinge joints. Locking member in form of adjusting chain 17 is rigidly secured by one end on carrying platform, and by other end, on reloading platform 4. Platform 12 is horizontal in initial position, and when vehicle runs on platform and is fixed by chain, platform is set at definite depth. Lifting force of float support is equal to weight of platform.

EFFECT: reduced cost, improved operating characteristics, enlarged functional capabilities of device.

4 cl, 4 dwg

The invention relates to a loading-unloading machines and can be used in the packing of the goods into stack

FIELD: mechanization of load-handling operations in storehouses.

SUBSTANCE: proposed station has main structure including inclined base 2 connected with chamber adjoining reloading platform of storehouse, and guard railings 5. Float support 9 is arranged in fluid medium in space of chamber. Carrying platform being approach way for motor vehicles is mounted on floating platform. End face of platform far from chamber is installed on base 2 movably by means of hinge joints. Locking member in form of adjusting chain 17 is rigidly secured by one end on carrying platform, and by other end, on reloading platform 4. Platform 12 is horizontal in initial position, and when vehicle runs on platform and is fixed by chain, platform is set at definite depth. Lifting force of float support is equal to weight of platform.

EFFECT: reduced cost, improved operating characteristics, enlarged functional capabilities of device.

4 cl, 4 dwg

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