Method of generating electrodynamic pull

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention is referred to electric engineering and it can be used for manufacturing of airspace carrier vehicles and space vehicles and drives for land transportation. Electrodynamic pull in direction of force momentum vector is generated by interaction of magnetic flux vector of closed core made of dielectric ferromagnetic material with electric-field vector orthogonal to it. The above interaction takes place in dielectric magnetic core between layers covering external and internal surfaces of the closed core.

EFFECT: improving pulling force and efficiency factor due to decrease of power supply losses.

1 dwg

 

The invention relates to electrical engineering and can be used to create aerospace vehicles and machines and drives land transport.

There is a method of creating an electrodynamic thrust implemented in an electrodynamic propulsion (patent RU No. 2013229, IPC B60L 11/00), the essence of which is that the electric power of the AC power source is converted into thrust force by interaction of an electric current flowing in the armature, the magnetic component of the displacement current generated in the space between the tires of the inductor. Thus, the thrust force acts on the anchor, located in the magnetic gap of the inductor, and moves the vehicle in the direction of the momentum vector of forces.

The main disadvantages of this method are the small thrust force and low efficiency due to the large energy losses caused by scattering of electromagnetic process on the wave resistance of the medium between the tires of the inductor, which is the anchor.

The closest physical essence is a way of creating an electrodynamic thrust implemented in an electrodynamic propulsion (patent RU No. 2270513, IPC NC 51/00) and adopted for the prototype. In the prototype of the electric power of the AC power source is converted into thrust by the interaction of the magnetic field in the gap, the magician is toprovide coil with an electric current in the armature, located in the magnetic gap of the inductor and mechanical contact with the magnetic core of the inductor. Due to thrust the vehicle moves in the direction of the electrodynamic vector of the force impulse.

The magnetic circuit substantially reduces the scattering of electromagnetic process, reducing power losses compared with similar, but still in the prototype provides little traction and low efficiency, which is caused by the loss of electricity on a large magnetic resistance of the medium in the gap of the magnetic circuit of the inductor, which is the anchor.

The task of the invention is to increase tractive effort and increase efficiency.

The problem is solved by the fact that in the known method of creating an electrodynamic thrust in the direction of the momentum vector of the power conversion power source AC through the interaction of the magnetic field in the magnetic core of the inductor and the electric field according to the invention allow the interaction of the vector of the magnetic flux of the closed magnetic core made of a ferromagnetic dielectric material, orthogonal to it by the vector of electric field intensity in the dielectric magnetic circuit, the current between the metal plates covering the external and internal surfaces C is msnotoko of the magnetic circuit.

The invention is illustrated in the drawing.

In Fig. shows the device, which can be implemented by the proposed method.

The device is a magnetic circuit consisting of the power source 1 of alternating current and a closed magnetic circuit 2, is made of dielectric ferromagnetic material, with the excitation winding 3 connected to the terminals of an alternating voltage power source 1. On the inner and outer surfaces of the magnetic core 2 are metal plates 4 and 5 in stripes, covering these surfaces. Plates 4, 5 are connected to terminals of an alternating voltage power source 1.

The device operates as follows. Through winding 3 connected to the terminals of the voltage of the power source 1, in the magnetic core 2 excite magnetic field vector of the magnetic flux:

F=Uf/wω→{·C]

where Uf- the voltage across the excitation winding of the vector of magnetic flux; w-number of turns in the winding; ω=2πf is the circular frequency power source, rad/s; f is the operating frequency of the power source AC, Hz.

Under the influence of an alternating voltage power source 1 between the metal plates 5 and 4 covering the outer and inner surface of the magneto is the wires 2, create in the dielectric medium of the magnetic vector of the electric field strength in the dielectric cores:

E=U·ε→[- f/m]

where U is the voltage between the plates, V; ε is the dielectric permeability of the magnetic circuit, f/m

As a result of interaction of orthogonal vectors f and E, changing with circular frequency (ω=2πf) of the power source 1 AC, get electrodynamic vector pulse power:

Ft=[f×]→[V·×·f/m]=[N·C], which for the time interval t=1 second effect 2f times the vehicle (not shown)equipped with this magnetic circuit, and drives the vehicle in the direction of the momentum vector of forces Ft.

When you invert the phase of one of the electrical quantities: voltage for excitation of the magnetic flux or voltage, between the plates 4, 5 corresponding vector and the momentum vector of the forces are reversed, and the vehicle starts to move in the opposite direction of the original.

Magnetic resistance of the ferromagnetic magnetic circuit the magnetic circuit of the proposed method can be tens of times smaller than the magnetic resistance of the air or vacuum gap in the magnetic core of the inductor of the prototype, which accordingly reduces the loss of electricity, as well as dielectric the Skye permeability of the magnetic circuit is substantially more than the magnetic gap of the inductor prototype, which also reduces the loss of electricity. All this increases traction force (vector pulse power) and increases the efficiency of the proposed method in comparison with the prototype.

The way to create an electrodynamic thrust in the direction of the momentum vector of forces, the transformation of the electric power source AC through the interaction of the magnetic field in the magnetic core of the inductor and the electric field, characterized in that provide interaction between the vector of the magnetic flux of the closed magnetic core made of a ferromagnetic dielectric material, orthogonal to it by the vector of electric field intensity in the dielectric magnetic circuit, between the metal plates covering the external and internal surfaces of the closed magnetic circuit.



 

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