Non-detachable construction curb
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction industry, in particular, to one of types of construction equipment - non-detachable curb with lining external surfaces from slabs, for use in monolithic housing construction. A non-detachable construction curb comprises external and internal slabs, installed at a certain distance from each other to from an inner volume for installation of reinforcement and filling with construction filler, and connecting links between the slabs. Links are made as connected pairwise metal brackets, each of which is at one side fixed on the inner surface of one slab, and end parts of brackets have 4 strips with engaged teeth, limiting stops and response windows for teeth, at the same time end parts of engaged strips are made of two types, some of them in the tail part have a stepped site, on which there is an engagement tooth and a limiting stop in the form of stamped ledges, and other engaged strips have response rectangular windows for engaged teeth, at the same time edges of engaged strips, on which there are teeth, have flanging with width of 5-7 mm, bent by 8-10° from the plane of the bracket shelf towards the opposite side from the tooth.
EFFECT: provision of reliable fixation of facing boards and preservation of parameters of a slab-to-slab gap when filled with concrete and other fillers.
6 cl, 3 dwg
The invention relates to the construction industry, in particular for the production and use in the construction of one of the types of formwork is fixed to the formwork with the facing outer surfaces of the plates, e.g. made from natural fiber materials, synthetic resin-bonded chipboard, intended for use in monolithic construction.
Known wall construction (see the patent for useful model of the Russian Federation No. 20112, 18.05.2011,, IPC EV 1/00) for buildings frame-monolithic type, containing supporting frame formed of vertical and horizontal frame elements, fastened together at their intersections, with duplex shell-casing, the inner space of which is filled with filler. In this device the vertical frame elements made in the form of racks from a single or dual curved profile, for example, Z-shaped, made of galvanized steel. Profile shape may be slightly different when used in outer walls, at the intersection of walls, door and window openings. Hours of dual profile, forming a cellular structure, attached to the horizontal frame elements and used as a leave formwork. This wall structure may be used for buildings of frame-monolithic in the de removable casing, and foam, used as filler, after removal of the removable casing is subjected to processing materials. The disadvantages of this design should include the complexity of the technological process of preparation and formwork at construction site, as well as the intensity of the connecting structural elements of the skin.
Known permanent formwork containing outer plate and the inner plate of the casing, connected with the formation of internal volume to fill a building material (see patent for useful model RF # 44717, IPC E04G 9/04, E04G 11/00, 27.03.2005, a known non-removable formwork slabs of cement-bonded particleboard. During the construction of the walls of the plate is pre-fixed to wooden frames, which are fastened to each other by bolts, which complicates the installation of the walls and increases the time of the meeting. In addition, the concrete mix can act on the front surface of the walls and joints in the joints of the formwork and therefore requires additional cleaning, which complicates and increases the cost of construction and facade in this case requires additional decorative facing, which should be attributed to the shortcomings of this type of formwork.
The use of key elements for the connection of external surfaces allows to simplify the process of erection of monolithic walls of buildings and to reduce the time for installation. One example of such a technical solution is provided below.
A device coupler (see RF patent 2306391, 10.04.2007,, IPC EV 2/00) for a fixed casing during the creation of the construction of walls, foundations, by filling with concrete permanent formwork, which becomes part of the structure. A distinctive feature of this invention is to provide a screed for a fixed casing, which has a cross jumper with transverse grooves for installation of the valve. On each of the boundary parts of the jumper has to end with two spaced apart plates, perpendicular to the axis of the jumper and the United screed end. One of the perpendicular plate of each end is the end. Each end has at least one hole in the end plate, followed by stretching of the end parallel to the longitudinal axis of the bridge. The jumper is made in the form of a plate extending in the direction of the limit switches with the formation of the ribs.
This construction of the castle, like many similar devices used in prefabricated formwork removable type, has a significant drawback. The installation of these locks to be mostly on the perimeter of the facing plates, which imposes requirements as to apply the outer plates fixed aupaluk is, this provision of the necessary rigidity of the plates, which is associated with the choice of material, thickness and scope of the facing plates. Failure to comply with these requirements leads to the loss of the dimension of the cavity between the plates when you fill it with filler (concrete), because the elastic elements are arranged around the perimeter of the casing and are absent in the Central zone.
A device fixed construction formwork, which is designed for monolithic construction, and is made with a facing outer plates of various process materials or provided with outer decorative items left on site after filling the cavity of the casing filler.
The technical result is achieved due to the fact that a permanent formwork made of facing plates, interconnected by means of jumpers equipped with locking devices, and which are evenly placed on the inner surfaces of the plates. This design formwork allows secure attachment of the facing plates and saving settings tile cavity in the concrete pouring and other fillers. In this formwork can be used as the facing plates of various materials, including thin metal sheets, polymer, composite, chipboard, when the use of the implement plates with high surface quality is still a question of carrying out wet finishing of the surfaces inside the premises and outside. You can also use decorative elements to the outer surfaces of the plates, which will not require additional finishing. Design features such formwork contain prerequisites for optimization of technological process of manufacturing of parts, formwork, equipment necessary filling (steel wire mesh, electrical and plumbing) in the factory and to be fully prepared for installation on the construction site under the filling liquid filling (light and heavy concrete, plaster solution and so on). Able manufacturing and Assembly of the panels in the factory mass production using a wide mechanization and automation of manufacturing processes and the reduction of the finishing work on the construction site eventually leads to the reduction in construction time.
The design of the claimed fixed constructional forms shown on the following drawings.
1 shows a removable wall panel Assembly;
figure 2 - bracket-tie panels;
figure 3 - layout of the brackets on the stove.
Permanent formwork (figure 1) contains the outer plate 1 and the inner plate 2 secured to each other via n - jumpers at a certain distance from each other with the formation of the inner volume of the installation is rmatory and fill construction material, for example concrete. Jumpers consist of two interconnected using suzanah devices symmetrical brackets 3 and 4. The bracket is made of sheet steel with a thickness of 3-5 mm, and each pair of them is fixed to the inner surfaces of the facing plates 1 and 2 opposite to each other. The mounting bracket on the plates carried by the fastener, which in shelf brackets there are 4-5 units of technological holes 5 with a diameter of 6-8 mm End part of the bracket is made in the form of a 4-way hooks that the Assembly of the formwork are in mutual engagement and provide a solid connection of adjacent brackets, forming bridges between the plates 1 and 2. End part of the catches are made in two types, some of which are in the tail have a stepped platform 6, which by means of the punch is formed zasanie teeth 7 and restrictive lugs 8 in the form of protrusions, and other zasanie bands have reciprocal rectangular box 9 under appropriate zasanie teeth 7, the height of the stairs sites 6 corresponds to the thickness of the metal brackets. For right call and splicing of the brackets 3 and 4 stripes satanum tooth 7 is made in the tail otbortovku 10 width 5-7 mm, bent at 8-10° from the plane of the platform 6 in the opposite direction from the tooth, and the tooth has the shape of semi-circle. The approximate scheme is and the placement of jumpers on the plates 1 and 2 of the casing shown in figure 3. The number of straps is determined by the dimensions and configuration of the plates 1 and 2 taking into account the factors ensuring the rigidity of the fastening them before pouring the filler. The distance between the plates is ensured by the length of the jumper as the total length of the engagement between the brackets 3 and 4.
Manufacture and Assembly of permanent formwork as follows. On pre-prepared plates 1 and 2 on the layout are attached to the brackets 3 and 4, so that when the connection plates in the casing teeth 7 suzanah strips of the same species engages with catching stripes of another kind, with rectangular Windows 9. Mounting bracket to the plates is carried out by means of fasteners, such as screws-self-tapping screws through the holes 5 made in the shelf brackets. After that, the plate pairs arrive on the Assembly bench, where they are mounted provided in the technical documentation of the necessary equipment (valves, electrical cables, plumbing, etc..). Final Assembly of the formwork is made by connection plates 1 and 2 in the finished casing. The connection takes place with a continuous movement of one of the plates towards the other, in which zasanie teeth 7 are in engagement with the strips having a rectangular window 9, and is fixed by latching the speaker of the tooth in the box related the second bracket. The 8 stops serve to limit the stroke
suzanah strips during Assembly. Thus, the plates 1 and 2 form a complete casing, in which n-jumpers between the plates 1 and 2 provide the required parameters tile distance to the stiffness of the fixing evenly on the entire surface of the plates.
The effectiveness of the present invention is confirmed by the experience of manufacturing of such formwork industrially and used in the construction of residential buildings of monolith type. Such casings are made of large interior wall panels, exterior wall panels with window and balcony openings. If necessary, this method can be made formwork small size, for example 1×1.6 m, of which before pouring the filling method is simple constructor typed wall panels of different shapes and sizes. Selection jumper length allows to produce panels of different thickness, and the use of panels of different materials to meet the needs of customers, the decorative exterior and interior. From an economic point of view the method used in the construction of monolithic construction ready retained formwork reduces the time of construction of the wall several times.
1. Fixed construction formwork, containing the I outer and inner plates, installed at a certain distance from each other with the formation of internal volume to install the valve and fill construction filler, and connecting jumpers between the plates, characterized in that the jumper is made in the form of interconnected pairs of metal brackets, each of which on one side is fixed on the inner surface of one of the plates, and the end portion of the brackets have 4 lanes with sazanami teeth, restrictive stops and response under Windows teeth, while the end part suzanah strips are made in two types, some of which are in the tail have a stepped platform on which it is located satanay tooth and restrictive emphasis in the form of stamped tabs, and other zasanie bands have the response of a rectangular window under satanae teeth, the edges suzanah bands that have teeth are oburdouse width 5-7 mm, bent at 8-10° from the plane of the shelf brackets in the opposite direction from the tooth.
2. Fixed construction formwork according to claim 1, characterized in that the bracket is made of sheet steel with a thickness of 3-5 mm
3. Fixed construction formwork according to claim 1, characterized in that the step height ground suzanah strips equal to the thickness of the steel sheet from which made the brackets.
4. Fixed construction opal the BKA according to claim 1, characterized in that the unbent hook protrusion is made oval in shape.
5. Fixed construction formwork according to claim 1, characterized in that it has n-jumpers, the number of which and the place of installation on the plates is determined dimensions and configuration of the plates, and the length of each jumper corresponds to the total length of two adjacent brackets in geared form.
6. Fixed construction formwork according to claim 1, characterized in that the shelves brackets made 4-5 technological holes with a diameter of 6-8 mm under fasteners.
SUBSTANCE: method of construction includes erection of frame in the form of reinforced concrete monolithic structures, formation of external walls from multi-layer light heat insulation panels with application of glue. The foundation, monolithic reinforced concrete slabs with coaxial holes in them and vertical columns are linked to a standard series of multi-layer universal light heat-moisture-noise-insulating heat-resistant blocks in all planes, and the frame of the facility is formed with account of the loads from physical masses of external walls, internal partitions and other necessary elements. Ends of monolithic slabs along the entire perimetre are closed with rectangular chutes with an insulant, they are rigidly fixed on the monolithic slab, afterwards they start erecting the external walls and internal partitions, at the same time in the beginning they install an angular multi-layer universal light block, the places of adjacency are previously coated with glue, it is fixed to the vertical column with the bracket, the second block is put against it, which has been previously coated with glue in places of adjacency, and into a vertical lock formed as two blocks are joined, a figured rack is inserted so that it enters the coaxial hole in the monolithic slab and so on, and the blocks of the second and subsequent rows are inserted with a ledge on the lower surface, into the slot on the upper surface of the blocks, etc. Blocks are laid row by row, simultaneously window, door and arc openings are formed, at the same time the surfaces of universal light blocks inside the object of construction at both sides may be closed by standard strengthened noise and moisture protective fireproof sheets with high adhesive capacity, which simultaneously cover several blocks. Also a multi-layer universal light block is described.
EFFECT: faster rates of building construction, lower labour inputs.
1 tbl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: building module comprises a base element, formed from silicate bricks, extruded gypsum-based bricks, foam concrete or aerated concrete blocks or ceramic extruded bricks, and having parallel bed surfaces, with at least two pairs of coaxial holes and fixing elements of straight and reverse cones placed in them. Axes of conical parts of fixing elements of straight cones and adjacent surfaces of collars, which determine the gap between layers of masonry, are made at the angle to the axes of seating surfaces of the same elements mounted in holes of the base element. Also the version of the module is described, as well as the versions of the method to erect building walls using the specified building modules.
EFFECT: increased labour efficiency in construction, lower prime cost of modules, higher quality of building module installation.
13 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of monolithic construction of industrial and civil objects erected from the proposed hollow blocks comprising a single universal reinforcement base. The hollow construction block comprises outer and inner walls connected by links, and reinforcement elements, at the same time the walls are made from construction material, and the hollow block is made as capable of formation of the construction object by means of placement of multiple hollow blocks, external peripheral surfaces of outer and inner walls of which are in contact with similar surfaces of adjacent blocks. Reinforcement elements are placed inside the outer and inner walls and form the first frame in every of them, and links are made of reinforcement elements that fix the first frames of the outer and inner walls and in combination with reinforcement elements of the first frames that form the spatial reinforcement frame of the block, having reinforcement fixators, made as capable of connection of spatial reinforcement frames of adjacent blocks to form a single reinforced structure of the construction object, having a single cavity for simultaneous filling with construction material.
EFFECT: possibility to create proposed blocks of different spatial shape, which provides for the possibility to create construction objects of different shape, having a monolithic homogeneous strong and stiff structure, with increased speed of object construction and improvement of its aseismic stability.
30 cl, 22 dwg
SUBSTANCE: structural block comprises the first and second element, identical to the above first element, at the same time each of the above elements has, in general, a parallelogram shape with a central hole and a cut in one angle and inner walls formed at least in the above central hole, at the same time the above element rotates relative to the other element approximately at the angle of 180°, and each element has a truncated inner surface, partially formed by the above inner hole; each element is connected with the other element by means of stretching via the central hole of the other element and substantially closing this central hole, and each element has a face surface directed towards the appropriate face surface of the other element; above cuts are arranged along a diagonal axis stretching via the above elements and via the above windows; the above elements may turn along the above diagonal axis between the closed position, in which face surfaces contact with each other, and the open position, in which the above face surfaces are separated, and truncated inner surfaces of elements rest against each other and act as stops to limit movement of the above elements. Also a wall, a window for a building and an architectural structure using the above block are described.
EFFECT: reduced cost for construction of structures.
20 cl, 12 dwg
SUBSTANCE: cellular-porous ceramic block for erection of single-layer and multi-layer walls represents a rectangular parallelepiped comprising outer side stretcher and header faces and an inner structural-insulation structure made of rows of through cavities separated from each other with ceramic partitions and links and parallel to header faces of the block. Through cavities are arranged with displacement relative to each other in neighbouring rows for half of their width, besides, the block has vertical and horizontal slots, which protrude beyond the limits of the stretcher and bed faces by width of one cavity and thickness of a side face, and also a vertical mark at the centre of the stretcher side of the face.
EFFECT: improved physical and technical parameters of a block and method to lay a building wall, increased accuracy of laying in erection of a wall, reduced deviations from horizontal and vertical planes, higher resistance of work to shifting.
1 ex, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: set of a leave-in-place form comprises a main wall block, an universal clip to fix wall blocks to each other, an above-opening link and a cover roof block. Blocks of a leave-in-place form are made of a hard polyurethane foam having high heat insulation and noise-absorbing properties with higher chemical resistance to exposure to salts available in concretes (aerated concretes), and also have a fabricated decorative finish of an outer surface on the face side made as a whole with the block, and at the inner side the block has a melted-in sheet profiled in accordance with the surface geometry on its surface, and/or an expanded steel sheet, and/or a close-meshed net.
EFFECT: higher efficiency in production of civil and installation works, higher extent of adhesive engagement between finishing lining and a block of a leave-in-place form and higher adhesion of blocks with monolithic concrete, universality of elements.
5 cl, 15 dwg
SUBSTANCE: hollow building block, which has two side and two end walls, and at least one link parallel to end walls, which separates the block cavity. Its hollowness makes from 20% to 60%, and it is made of a mixture, which contains cement, swollen perlite sand, a solid filler with hardness of at least 1.25 and water with the following content of components, wt %: cement of grade 400 or 500 - 38-42%; swollen perlite sand of fraction 0.63…5 - 12-15%; solid filler of fraction 0…5 or 0…10 - 32-38%, water - 14-17%.
EFFECT: invention provides for strength without loss of heat insulation and weight characteristics of perlite concrete, reduced load at structures during cast-in-place concrete house building.
3 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: duplicating material to make tiled building blocks comprises webs of cellular and porous layers, which are thermally fixed to resist flaking from 0.01 to 0.19 kN/m, the cellular layer has surface density from 40 to 168 g/cm2 and comprises smooth anti-sorption threadlike elements, the porous material has apparent density from 10 to 50 kg/m3, and the duplicated material has thickness from 1.0 to 3.0 mm.
EFFECT: higher quality of produced blocks due to prevention of mortar leakage to visible surface of blocks.
8 cl, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: building element consists of the main part and an additional part, where the main part of the building element is in the form of two or more walls, connected to each other along the whole length with the middle crosspieces, and the additional part is made in the form of a middle element that has one or several bars joined or not joined to each other with middle crosspieces, besides, in case when the middle element is in the form of joined bars, the main part of the building element has walls that are shortened at the top and at the bottom relative to the extreme walls, or one of two walls is shortened as much as the second one is extended, besides, the width of the shortened wall complies with width of the middle crosspiece between these walls, besides, both in the walls and in the middle crosspieces of the main element there are through vertical openings for the possibility to connect building elements between each other.
EFFECT: increased speed of laying, saving of time and costs for erection of structures.
2 cl, 37 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method to prepare mix for cellular silicate building elements includes mixing of jointly ground lime and siliceous components with water and heat insulation glass foam or ground soundproof glass foam or mixture of these glass foams in any ratio, glass foam having been previously impregnated with lime suspension to saturation, containing 10 wt % of solid substance Ca(OH)2 and 0.5 - 7.0 wt % of hydroxide of univalent alkaline metal, ground to grain size of 3.0…30.0 mm, addition of aluminium powder. Building element in the form of tile or blocks or wall panels on the basis of silicate aerated concrete of autoclave hardening is produced from mixture prepared by method specified above is moulded in the form of an element, and has been through hydrothermal treatment in autoclave.
EFFECT: expanded arsenal of technical facilities to produce strengthened building elements with high heat and sound conductivity from silicate aerated concrete of autoclave hardening.
2 cl, 1 ex, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: method to erect structures resistance to damage in case of earthquakes consists in the fact that a foundation, walls and pillars are mounted. Besides, the first ""-shaped reinforcement sections are built into a structure foundation with placed compensation corrugated sleeves, as well as the first sections of reinforced pipes with lock half-couplings with placed compensation corrugated sleeves, so that upper lock half-couplings with inbuilt elastic reinforcement and inbuilt arms of ""-shaped reinforcement sections are installed along the middle line of the first row of walls and pillars of the first floor of the structure; vertical reinforcement frames are built, by connection of the upper inbuilt arms installed into the structure foundation of the first ""-shaped reinforcement sections with the second ""-shaped reinforcement sections, for this purpose their inbuilt arms are connected by connection bushings; the first sections of reinforcement pipes are built, by connection of the first sections of reinforcement pipes installed into the foundation with the second sections, for this purpose inbuilt lock half-couplings with the inbuilt elastic reinforcement of the first sections of reinforcement pipes with inbuilt lock half-couplings with the elastic inbuilt reinforcement of the second sections of reinforcement pipes, where compensation corrugated sleeves are placed, besides, upper inbuilt arms of the second ""-shaped reinforcement sleeves and upper inbuilt lock half-couplings with the inbuilt elastic reinforcement of the second sections of reinforcement pipes are installed so that they are installed along the horizontal middle line of the second row of walls and pillars of the structure; after assembly of sections of the first rows of remaining wall falsework and first floor pillars of the structure with fixation in the form of a "dovetail" around them, sealing of slots, their filling with concrete on the basis of high-grade cement, hardening of a concrete filler, application of the substance layer having strength below strength of a concrete filler onto the surface of the latter. To arrange subsequent layers of a structure, operations are repeated. Similarly to the described above, the second floor of the structure is arranged, as well as its ceiling, and then subsequent floors and ceilings of the structure until it is fully erected. Also a device for method realisation is described.
EFFECT: increased stability under earthquakes.
2 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: at that the specified heavy modular element may be adapted to function as a complete basement element of modular design. The specified modular element has a foundation slab and wall sections with double walls attached to the foundation slab. Inner and outer wall parts are mutually matched and attached to each other by means of supports aligned in a free space oriented and structured between wall parts. The free space is fully filled with a concrete mass ensuring its hardening or setting to produce a heavy modular element in such case. Also a heavy modular element produced by the above method is described.
EFFECT: development of a method to produce a geometrically stable and heavy modular element on a construction site using a much lighter plant-manufactured modular element moved to a construction site.
16 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method to erect structures resistant to earthquake attacks consists in installation of a reinforced concrete frame and walls, besides, after installation of reinforced pillar frames in the structure foundation, development of reinforced pillar frames pre-stressing, assembling sections around them from the first rows of remaining curbs of the first floor pillars from formwork tiles with a dovetail-type fixture and reinforcement frames of curb sections of pillars, sealing of the first rows of the first floor pillar curbs from inside by filling slots between curb tiles with a sealing mixture, in order to prepare curbs for filling with a cement-based concrete, filling the first rows of pillar curbs with a concrete mix; prior to hardening of the concrete filler of the remaining curbs of the first rows of the first floor pillars, their surface is levelled aflush with edges of the curb tiles. After hardening of the concrete filler of the first rows of remaining curbs of the first floor pillars, layers of substances are applied on their surfaces, having strength below the concrete filler strength. After assembly above the first row of remaining curbs of the first floor pillars in sections of the second rows of remaining curbs of the first floor pillars, jointing slots of dovetail-type fixture in sections of remaining curbs of pillars of the second and first rows of the first floor, sealing the second rows of remaining curbs of the first floor pillars from inside, filling of the second rows of remaining curbs of the first floor pillars with a concrete mix; prior to hardening of the concrete filler of remaining curbs of the second rows of the first floor pillars their surfaces are levelled aflush with edges of curb tiles. Other rows of the first floor pillars are arranged in a similar manner.
EFFECT: higher resistance to earthquakes.
SUBSTANCE: method to erect a monolithic construction structure of a building or a facility, where on a specially prepared foundation, at the first stage of erection, the metal frame is assembled from light steel galvanised thin-walled elements of channel-like shape in cross section. Then outer and inner shields of a stay-in-place form, afterwards the inner space between shields of the stay-in-place form is filled with a gypsum foam concrete filler, which form with the latter after gaining strength a monolithic wall panel, besides, channel-like elements arranged transversely relative to the wall panel are made with perforation punches along the whole length to eliminate a cold bridge in the panel. At the same time the building ceiling is also erected on the basis of some elements of the wall panel, besides, at first a metal frame is assembled and installed, also made of light steel galvanised elements that are thin-walled in cross section, then a wood-cement board is fixed at the bottom to the frame, and the frame is filled with a gypsum foam concrete filler, and after gaining strength, on top at first wooden flooring is installed, and then a protective coating of a glass-magnesite sheet is laid on it.
EFFECT: reduced time of construction, extended operation time, reduced cost of construction, minimised costs for construction materials and higher efficiency of operation.
5 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: non-detachable building formwork comprises a soft shell, with guides arranged inside it, and filled with a hardening solution, besides, the soft shell is arranged in the form of textile sleeves, at the same time neighbouring sleeves are stitched to each other to form a cell for tight arrangement of a guide in it arranged in the form of a stiffening rib. Also a version of non-detachable formwork is described.
EFFECT: cost reduction and acceleration of building erection process.
7 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: standard structural curb block made of fine-grained concrete comprises parallel external face and back longitudinal walls joined by three partitions. Longitudinal walls and connecting partitions are reinforced with common spatial reinforced frame, at the same time extreme end partitions are not concreted, and there is an opening provided in the middle one.
EFFECT: reduction of material and labour expenses for curb works, increased solidity, earthquake resistance, heat and sound insulating properties of building and structure walls, improved quality of works.
8 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: retained folding formwork for construction of cast-in-situ walls includes parallel panels and hinged ties, vertical posts with panel and tie attachment devices located on external side of vertical post throughout their height. Panels of formwork are meshed, hinged ties are attached to vertical posts so that they can be turned in attachment devices, each one is made in the form of a zigzag so that sections inclined in plan view to surfaces of panels and sections in bend area, which are parallel to flat external wall of vertical post and contact it, are formed; at that, two hinged ties adjacent as to height are located in opposite phase relative to each other and fixed on posts in a staggered order. Hinged ties are fixed at one and the same height of opposite posts and located in one and the same plane.
EFFECT: improving stiffening characteristics of formwork system at the concreting stage and increasing the strength of sections of the built construction.
SUBSTANCE: wall comprises concrete pillars that consist of permanent forms made of cellular blocks that create wells for pouring of heavy concrete with previously arranged vertical reinforcements, insulating plates, wall forms of blocks for instance. Foiled insulation is installed in wells of concrete pillars on inner side of erected wall, inside wells there are through horizontal holes previously arranged along wall, where longitudinal anchors are installed, at the same time wooden carcass-frame arranged between concrete pillars is fixed to longitudinal anchors, and ledger strips are fixed to vertical stands of wooden carcass-frame along wall at one or two sides, besides vertical stands of wooden carcass-frame and ledger strips are installed perpendicularly versus each other. Between ledger strips there are insulating plates arranged or mineral insulator having same thickness with ledger strips, and between vertical stands of wooden carcass-frame there is a second row of insulating plates or mineral insulator having same thickness with vertical stands. Foiled insulation is installed to the latter, being fixed with the help of ledger strips, or on completion of inner and outer rows of wall curbs and insulating plates installation between ledger strips, insulator fill may be filled between vertical stands of wooden carcass-frame, or cellular concrete in liquid form may be filled. For pouring of cellular concrete there are holes arranged along vertical stands, where pins are installed. Also in insulating plates or mineral insulator arranged between ledger strips and vertical stands, in foiled insulation installed between them, in certain areas there are through holes provided, where transverse anchors are installed with the possibility of fixation and attachment of inner and outer rows of wall forms made of blocks, for instance to wooden carcass-frame.
EFFECT: higher number of storeys constructed, simplified technology of wall erection and lower cost of wall construction.
3 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: construction industry.
SUBSTANCE: reinforcement for reinforcing panel of heat-insulation concrete form includes a fastening brace element built in the reinforcement and retained in it in its place due to material enveloping it and intended for attachment thereto a brace for connecting the panel to opposite panel in heat-insulation concrete form, and device for connecting the reinforcement to the panel being reinforced. There also described is version of reinforcement for reinforcing panel, panel of heat-insulation concrete form, set of heat-insulation concrete form, heat-insulation concrete form, heat-insulation concrete form of columns, heat-insulation concrete form for T-shaped wall and method of reinforcing panel in heat-insulation concrete form.
EFFECT: reinforcement and strengthening of wall structures of heat-insulation concrete forms.
26 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: construction industry.
SUBSTANCE: fixed construction formwork includes soft cover with interconnected cells formed inside it and intended for being filled with solidified compound, and stiffeners. Cells have parallelepiped shape and are located along the whole formwork; at that, one of the sides of rectangle in cross section of cell corresponds to thickness of manufactured building structure, and stiffeners are installed between cells in inter-fabric slots along the whole cell and are made in the form of planks.
EFFECT: improving aesthetic and strength properties with simultaneous increase in labor efficiency when manufacturing formworks and simplifying the design.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly forms.
SUBSTANCE: isolation building form structure includes form sized to erect one concrete wall section. Form comprises the first elongated side panel of foamed polystyrene and the second elongated side panel of foamed polystyrene. Each panel has top and bottom, wherein panel bottom serves as building wall bottom and panel top is building wall top. Form comprises elongated horizontally spaced vertical dividers of foamed polystyrene having at least four sides and arranged between panels. Dividers serve as spacing bars and define spaced channels for concrete pouring between dividers. Dividers have upper and lower ends. Upper divider ends are spaced downwardly from upper ends of panels, lower ends thereof are spaced upwardly lower ends of panels to form upper and lower areas for concrete pouring. Upper and lower areas communicate with channels between dividers. Dividers have uniform cross-sections along the full length thereof so that concrete to be poured in channels form concrete columns having constant dimension in vertical direction. Each column has four vertical sides arranged at an angle one to another so that medium parts of concrete posts are wider than side parts thereof, which results in decreased width of divider centers for decreasing dividers compression between panels under the action of compression force applied thereto.
EFFECT: reduced labor inputs, improved manufacturability.
12 cl, 20 dwg