Conversion device of incoming water flow to electric energy

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: conversion device of incoming water flow to electric energy includes a ship brought into movement with a propeller screw, which is made in the form of a catamaran ship, a conveyor with shafts 8 and an endless belt with blades fixed on it. Belt edges are perforated. Shafts 8 are equipped with radial pins entering perforation holes and connected to electric generator 3 shaft. An operating channel is formed with two conveyors with endless belts on vertical shafts 8 in cutouts of housing 1 on each of the catamaran ship semi-housings below the water line. Each of the catamaran ship semi-housings is fully enveloped with its endless belt with the blades fixed on it and made from material with positive buoyancy. In nose subsurface part of housing 1 there located is water intake 6 with water drains to the rear part of the ship. Storage battery 2 with electric motor 5 having an actuator on line of shafts 8, and control system 4 are located in housing 1.

EFFECT: increasing efficiency, improving operating reliability and power of the ship's power plant and associated generation of electric energy for different consumers.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to hydropower and can be used to convert the energy of the current environment into electricity.

Closest to the technical nature of the claimed invention is a hydroelectric installation on SU 1474317 A1, 23.04.1989 containing vessel, made in the form of a catamaran, between the semi-bodies which formed the working channel, posted in the last conveyor with rollers mounted on the chassis, and an endless belt with fixed on her shoulder blades and generators, kinematically connected to the shaft of the conveyor blades arranged in two rows along the tape in a checkerboard pattern, and the length of each blade is equal to half the width of the tape. The edges of the ribbon are made perforated, the shaft is provided with radial pins within the holes of the perforation.

A disadvantage of this device is the limited use in fast-flowing rivers, rapids, river, or the need to create artificial hydraulic structures (structures poulsard, dams etc). It is also impossible to use the obtained kinetic and electrical energy for propulsion.

Object of the invention is a device to convert the incoming water flow into electricity, which allows to obtain power in the Parking lot (at the pier or at anchor) or is the movement of the vessel, creating due to an incident in the intake water pushing force due to the pouring out of water in the aft part of the water jet thrust directed in the direction of travel of the vessel, increasing the efficiency of the screw due to the receipt of a larger stream of water at the propellers, increase reliability and capacity of the power plant of the vessel and associated energy for a variety of consumers.

The required technical result is achieved in that the device converting incoming water flow into electricity containing vessel, driven propeller screw, made in the form of a catamaran, between the semi-bodies which formed the working channel, a conveyor with rollers and an endless belt with fixed on her shoulder blades, the edges of the ribbon are made perforated, the shaft is provided with radial pins within the holes of the perforation, and connected with the shaft of the generator, according to the invention the working channel formed by the two conveyors with endless tapes on vertical shafts in the openings on each of the semi-bodies catamaran below the waterline, each of the semi-bodies catamaran fully ulibaetsa his an endless belt mounted on it with blades made of a material with a positive buoyancy in the bow underwater part of the hull is the intake from the waters of the taps in the stern of the vessel, in addition, the building has a rechargeable battery with an electric motor having a drive line shafts, and control system. Increases the efficiency of the screw due to the receipt of a larger flow of water and creates additional reactive movement forward. The produced energy is delivered through the control system to consumers, which are represented by the electrical systems of the vessel or motor, kinetically connected to the propeller screw. Unclaimed electric power accumulated in the battery.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where figure 1 shows a possible variant of the device converting incoming water flow into electricity, which contains:

1 - the hull of the vessel;

2 - the battery;

3 - generator;

4 - management system;

5 - motor;

6 - the water from the drainage systems in the aft part of the ship;

7 is a cut in the casing for the passage of an endless belt;

8 - shaft conveyor.

Figure 2 presents a view of the device of converting incoming water flow into electricity at the bottom, which contains:

1 - the hull of the vessel;

6 - the water from the drainage systems in the aft part of the ship;

8 - shaft conveyor;

9 is an endless belt with the shoulder blades;

10 - blades.

Conversion device lapping of water on the Oka into electricity works in the following way. When the vessel is driven propeller screw, incoming water flow interacts with the blades 10, causing displacement of the tape 9, the edge of which is perforated, the rotation shafts of the conveyors 8, is provided with radial pins within the holes of the perforation. The shafts of the conveyor 8 is connected to the shaft of the generator 3. The rotation shaft of the conveyor 8 is transmitted to the rotor of the electric generator 3, which generates electricity that is transmitted through the control system 4 to the consumers, which are represented by the electrical systems of the vessel or motor 5, kinetically connected to the propeller screw. Unclaimed electric power accumulated in the battery 2.

The passage of the blades 10 through the working channel between two semi-bodies vessel catamaran results in the movement of water entering the intake 6 and causing additional force in the direction of travel of the vessel. Under the pressure of the incoming water drainage systems, water flows into the stern of the vessel and, pouring, creates additional reactive movement, pushing the ship forward.

Depending on the amount and the accumulated energy can be partial or complete stopping of the main motor. Maintaining the required parameters of the movement of the vessel will be carried out through the operation of the device converting incoming water stream is in electricity and electric motors.

When at anchor, the ship becomes a floating power plant, continuing to generate electricity and using it as needed.

When the pier and the inability to fully utilize all the advantages of the proposed invention the semi-body, remote from the coast, will be able to generate electricity in full.

Device converting incoming water flow into electricity containing vessel, driven propeller screw, made in the form of a catamaran, between the semi-bodies which formed the working channel, a conveyor with rollers and an endless belt with fixed on her shoulder blades, the edges of the ribbon are made perforated, the shaft is provided with radial pins within the holes of the perforation, and connected with the shaft of the generator, wherein the working channel is formed of two conveyors with endless tapes on vertical shafts in the openings on each of the semi-bodies catamaran below the waterline, each of the semi-bodies catamaran fully ulibaetsa its an endless belt mounted on her blades, made from a material with a positive buoyancy in the bow underwater part of the hull is water it with the water in the stern of the vessel, in addition, the housing holds the battery e is extradigital, with the drive line shafts, and control system.



 

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