SUBSTANCE: wall lining comprising wall panels (1) and fastening profiles (2), comprising a location slot (4) open at the bottom for the lower wall panel (1), a location slot (3) open at the top for the upper wall panel (1) and a slot (5) for suspension of fastening hooks, besides, both location slots (3, 4) that form a support surface (9) on the side facing away from the wall (6) for the external side of the wall panels (1) in the fastening profiles (2) fixed on the wall (6) create at least two sections (11) in direction towards the slot bottom, and these sections (11) have different width for fixation of wall panels (1) of different thickness, the cross section of location slots (3, 4) of fastening profiles (2) narrows at least gradually in direction towards the bottom of the slot, besides, the slot (5) for suspension of fastening hooks is arranged between both location slots (3, 4).
EFFECT: development of such wall lining, where wall panels of different thickness may be used, for instance, floor panels, and which provides for simple fixation of wall panels.
3 cl, 3 dwg
The invention relates to wall paneling of the wall panels and mounting profiles containing open bottom of the installation groove bottom wall panel, an open top installation groove to the top wall panel and positioned between them a groove for hanging mounting hooks.
As you know, for the manufacture of wall coverings, which by means of suspension hooks can be mounted accessories, such as drawers, shelves, racks, baskets, etc. between the individual wall panels place the mounting profiles coming into the slots on the end side of the longitudinal edges of the wall panels and even covering the front wall of the grooves of the panels in the installation grooves. Between such open at the top and bottom mounting slots of the mounting profile is formed a groove for hanging mounting hooks by which facilities can be selectively placed on the wall sheathing. The disadvantage of this wall sheathing is the fact that the wall panels and the fastening profile must exactly match each other, and the mounting profiles are only used to connect the wall panels, but not to hold them in place on the walls.
The objective of the invention is to provide such a wall covering of the type specified above, which can be applied to wall panels of different thickness, for example, panels for floors,and provides a simple mount wall panels.
In the present invention this problem is solved due to the fact that both the form on the facing wall-side bearing surface for the outer side wall panels installation groove mounted on the wall mounting profile form towards the bottom of the groove, at least two sections are not the same width for mounting wall panels of different thickness.
Since this mounting profiles fixed to sheathe a wall when attaching the wall panels no longer requires special measures, such as wall panels are held inside covering their longitudinal edges of the mounting grooves of the wall panels. However, the fastening wall panels with mounting profiles also provides a simple possibility of adjusting the mounting profiles to wall panels of different thickness, since the alignment slots of the mounting profile is formed in the direction to the bottom of the grooves of successive plots are not the same width for mounting wall panels of different thickness. Due to the fact that the installation grooves formed on the facing wall-side bearing surface for wall panels, such bearing surface defines the outer surface of the wall sheathing, regardless of the thickness of the wall panels. The distance along the height of the horizontally stacked wall panels m which may change due to different not due to the same thickness of wall panels depth of burial in the installation grooves of the fixing profiles that typically plays no role in connection with the use of identical wall panels paneling.
Wall sheathing provides a simple way of styling since it first on the wall can be fixed mounting profile, into the open top of the installation groove which is inserted into the wall panel, which is attached to another mounting profile and is fixed on the wall before it is laid following the panel, resulting in wall sheathing from the bottom up the panel for the panel, and due to the thickness of the wall panels, the insertion depth of the wall panels in the mounting slots of the mounting profile is automatically set.
To insert wall panels of different thickness mounting slots mounting profiles can form on the opposite bearing surface of the side wall of the groove, the distance from the supporting surface gradually decreases in the direction towards the bottom of the groove. Thus for each thickness of the panel formed a separate step. Especially simple constructional conditions occur when the cross-section of the installation grooves, at least gradually narrows in the direction towards the bottom of the groove as formed by the su is placed wedge-shaped gap between the front and rear walls of the installation grooves provides backlash-free bearing wall panels. On the back wall of the groove, the inclined performed according to the depth of the groove is achieved stepless adjustment of the wall panels of different thickness.
Wall paneling can end mounting profile, which is installed between the wall panels. However, for aesthetic reasons, it is recommended to apply to the top wall panel wall sheathing the bottom profile from the installation groove, passing to the upper longitudinal edge of the wall panel and forming in the direction to the bottom of the groove, at least two sections are not the same width for mounting wall panels of different thickness. When side mounting the top wall panel on the side guard frame wall sheathing such closing profile could be worn or only glued to the top wall panel. If you need additional support, the upper wall panel to the area of its upper longitudinal edge, the bottom profile can contain wall leg extending into the wall of the holder, while the depth of the entry wall of the leg into the wall holder provides adjustment to the corresponding thickness of the panel, and there is no need for the exact offset wall holder height.
The present invention is illustrated by drawings, which presents the following:
figure 1 - cross section of a wall broad range of the key according to the invention with fragments at the site of both, the top wall panels, schematically;
figure 2 is a preferred embodiment of the wall of the casing of figure 1;
figure 3 is a cross section of another preferred variant of the execution wall sheathing according to the invention, schematically.
Wall sheathing consists of separate, identical wall panels 1, which are shifted parallel to each other in the horizontal direction by means of the fixing profile 2. Mounting profiles contain 2 open respectively at the top and bottom mounting slots 3, 4 under the longitudinal edges of the wall panels 1, and between the mounting grooves 3, 4 groove 5 for hanging mounting hooks for accessories, such as drawers, shelves, racks, baskets, etc. For fixing the fixing profile 2 on the wall 6 is provided for the mounting leg 7, which protrudes above the top of the installation groove 3 and which may be fixed, for example, shown in phantom line the bolts 8 in the wall 6. Due to the protrusion of the mounting legs 7 over the installation groove 3 are simplified conditions when mounting the fixing profile 2 before installing the wall panel 1 at the top of the installation groove 3.
According to a variant of execution represented in figure 1, both the installation groove 3, 4 form on the facing wall 6 side lying in one parallel to the wall plane TNA the major surface 9 of the wall panels 1, while the opposite wall 10 of the groove are separated by a ledge on the two sections 11 with different distance from the support surface 9. Thanks to this ledge the distance between the wall 10 of the groove and the bearing surface 9 gradually decreases in the direction towards the bottom of the groove, whereupon the fixing profile 2 can be used for wall panels 1 of different thickness.
The increase in the number of ledges you can provide the ability to adjust to different thicknesses of panels, as shown in figure 2, in which the wall 10 of both the installation grooves 3, 4 forms respectively four sections 11 to accommodate the four wall panels of different thickness.
According to figure 3, located opposite the support surface 9 of the wall 10 of the groove is made inclined in the direction to the bottom of the groove when the narrowing of the cross-section of the groove, resulting in a stepless adjustment for different thicknesses of panels.
When installing wall sheathing wall panel 1 is inserted from the bottom, fixed to the wall 6 of the fixing profile 2, at the top of the installation groove 3 fixed the last of the fixing profile 2 before the wall panel 1 is fixed relative to the wall 6 with the following installed on your upper longitudinal edge of the fixing profile 2, and the fixing profile 2 is fixed to the wall 6 by means of fastening the second flange 7. After that installed the last of the fixing profile 2 can be inserted a new wall panel 1 and the mounting process is repeated until the installation of the top wall panel 1 wall sheathing. In many cases, the top wall panel 1 does not require additional fastening on the wall in the area of its upper longitudinal edges in the case, when this wall panel 1 is kept trailing side straps wall sheathing. However, for optical reasons for fixing profile 2 is required, giving a complete finish. This purpose can be provided to the top wall panel 1 the bottom profile 12 from passing to the upper longitudinal edge of the wall panel 1 mounting groove 13, forming, similar to the installation grooves 3, 4 mounting panels 2, in the direction to the bottom of the groove, at least two of section 11 of the same width to accommodate wall panels 1 of different thickness, which also allows adjustment for closing profile 12, which, however, is not mandatory. In figure 1, 2 such closure profiles 12 adjacent to the wall 6 and is not fixed thereto. If you want the socket, the bottom profile 12 according to figure 3 can contain wall leg 14 extending into the gap of the wall of the holder 15, which the mouth is attached to the wall 6 and which provides due to different insertion compensation of tolerances on the height of the trailing profile 12.
Note that the invention is not limited to the examples given are complete and provides all the options of execution shown in the formula. For example, the retaining profiles can be performed longitudinally collapsible so that it was possible to form a groove for hanging between, if necessary, assign and create the installation groove of the longitudinal elements. Such longitudinally-collapsible implementation has in some circumstances the advantage that is provided by fitting the fixing profile to the top and bottom parts of the wall cladding, giving a completeness.
In addition, can be interconnected in two or more wall panels 1 for forming a wall section located between the two fixing profile 2. So that such large wall areas will not be dented to the wall, it is recommended to install on the wall spacers for wall sections, which can rely installed wall panels 1. This applies to the thin wall panels 1, which, for example, under the action of the load suspended on the mounting profile 2 accessories may cave in to the wall 6. Also in this case, the effective additional spacers between the wall 6 and wall panels 1.
1. Wall covering, consisting of wall panels (1) and mounting profile (2), sod is rasih open bottom mounting groove (4) to the bottom wall panel (1), open top installation groove (3) for the upper wall panel (1) and the groove (5) for hanging mounting hooks, both forming on the facing wall (6) side bearing surface (9) for outer side wall panels (1) installation groove (3, 4), fixed to a wall (6) mounting profile (2), form towards the bottom of the groove, at least two sections (11) of different widths for mounting wall panels (1) different thickness, wherein the cross-section of the installation grooves (3, 4) mounting profile (2) narrows, at least gradually in the direction to the bottom of the groove, and the groove (5) for hanging mounting hooks located between the two mounting grooves (3, 4).
2. Wall sheathing according to claim 1, characterized in that the top wall panel (1) has a locking profile (12) with the alignment groove (13), which passes on to the upper longitudinal edge of the wall panel (1) and forms towards the bottom of the groove, at least two sections (11) of different widths for mounting wall panels (1) different thickness.
3. Wall sheathing according to claim 2, characterized in that the bottom profile (12) contains a wall leg (14), made with the possibility of introducing her to the wall bracket (15).
SUBSTANCE: ceramic tiles contain a strong component arranged on the surface of the base and the first connection element arranged on the side of the base edge. At least a section of the base surface may continue outside the strong component. The base prevents contact of strong components of adjacent ceramic tiles, not requiring a filling paste, with each other, and may look like a filling paste. The first connection element and the appropriate second connection element of the adjacent ceramic tile, not requiring a filling paste, are made as capable of connection of two adjacent ceramic tiles, not requiring a filling paste.
EFFECT: tiles not requiring a filling paste.
26 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: system of tile facing comprises rear panels, at least with one electroconductive layer, two-pin plugs with ledges, which electrically contact with the conducting layer, and illuminated tiles with light diodes, which may be attached to the two-pin plug. To simplify tile facing, first tiles are installed with the possibility of facing with temporary tiles together with ordinary tiles, with further replacement with illuminated tiles.
EFFECT: simplified assembly of a facing system.
8 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method to install heat insulating panels includes assembly of adjacent panels by arrangement of panels onto a facade surface, connection of adjacent panels, at least one side of every of which comprises alternately arranged ledges and grooves so that ledges of one panel are applied onto grooves of the other panel, and fixation of panels onto the facade surface, besides, adjacent panels are joined, at least one side of every of which comprises an end ledge arranged practically along the entire length, so that panels are applied with ledges one over the other.
EFFECT: simplified process for installation of heat insulation panels, increased heat insulation of a facade, higher reliability and durability of facade finishing, apart from high aesthetic characteristics of a facade.
11 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: building base facing is arranged in the form of shaped relief panels with thickness of 2-4 mm from a polymer material - polypropylene, serially installed along the base length and joined to each other by ledges and slots available at their end sides by means of latches. At the angles of the base the panels are connected with angular double-faced panels, connected at the inner side with an angular frame, arranged in the form of a double-sided rod truss with braces forming flat triangular structures with runs, and fixed to the inner surface of the double-faced panels. At the top of the double-faced angle the angular panels along their entire height are arranged as rectilinear, and the value of ledges on panels relief exceeds thickness of relief panel material. Connection of the rod truss with panels is arranged in the form of elastic latches arranged pairwise in its end parts and in the middle part.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase rigidity of facing and its deformation resistance to operational loads, especially in case of pressure drops.
2 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: set for fixation of a vertical bearing profile of a suspended facade system comprises upper and lower units of fixation, every of which includes a support part fixed motionlessly on the faced surface and a cantilever stand fixed with it. The vertical bearing profile is fixed on the free end of the stand. In the upper unit of fixation the support part and the vertical bearing profile are connected with the cantilever stand as fixed. The cantilever stand of the lower fixation unit is connected with the support part and the vertical bearing profile hingedly as capable of rotation relative to them.
EFFECT: invention will make it possible to compensate linear deformations of vertical bearing profiles of a suspended facade system.
SUBSTANCE: device for facades to install sheet elements, preferably multiple glass panes, comprising a retaining element and a fixing element, besides, the device has the first position, in which the device makes it possible to place the specified sheet elements into the required position, and the second position, in which the device presses at least a part of the specified sheet element. The device comprises a braking element arranged as capable of preventing displacement of the fixing element relative to the retaining element in the first position, besides, the fixing element is arranged as capable of displacement into the second position by application of an external force.
EFFECT: easier installation of multiple glass panes.
11 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method to erect structures includes making the main skeleton frame of the structure, a lining net, transparent and opaque mosaics, sealing cords. The net is installed on the frame, ventilation holes are made in the net, as well as openings for windows and doors, cells of the lining net are filled with mosaics, installing transparent mosaics in those areas, where a view is required, and in other areas - a non-transparent one with the selected colour mosaic pattern, sealing cords are installed. The device comprises a net made of a wire rigidly connected in points of contact, and mosaics has locks for fixation on the net and slots for installation of a sealing cord.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to simplify assembly of a structure due to the improved technology of structure elements manufacturing.
2 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: facade system (1) with an air gap for fixation of fine-sized facing boards comprises at least two guides (2), fixed on appropriate brackets installed on a bearing base; at least two horizontal shapes (3) of "П"-shaped section with two supports (4 and 5) to fix the top (4) and bottom (5) of appropriate fine-sized facing boards (6); fine-sized facing boards (6), containing grooves (7 and 8) on their upper and lower ends for installation into appropriate specified shapes (3); at least one tape (10) for its installation into specified grooves of facing boards; and a cement-containing composition (9), having hydraulic insulation properties.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to reduce weight, develop a ventilated gap, reduce cost and increase heat and hydraulic insulation properties of a building with preservation of appearance of brickwork.
14 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: set for dry installation of facing tiles includes at least one substrate, the first side of which contacts with a substance (F), and the second one - at least with one facing tile (R). Strip liners are arranged along the perimeter of facing tiles (R), which fill gaps between neighbouring tiles. Angle elements level liners relative to each other, fixing them along the perimetre of the appropriate facing tile.
EFFECT: reduced labour inputs in installation of facing tiles.
61 cl, 30 dwg
SUBSTANCE: facade hinged ventilated enclosure of buildings includes facade boards, thermal and hydraulic insulation protection and bearing elements of enclosure pulled without a gap through the thermal and hydraulic insulation protection and made in the form of anchor rods arranged in vertical rows. Anchor rods are screwed through dowels into a building wall and has fixing elements at free ends, providing for installation and fixation of boards. In order to increase reliability of facade boards fixation, to make it possible to line multi-storey buildings and to increase barrier drift by increasing stiffness of bearing elements, anchors of vertical rows are connected to each other by means of traction rods so that traction rods with anchors create vertical power structures. Upper free ends of traction rods are fixed to an enclosed building wall.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase reliability of facade enclosure fixation and to reduce labour intensiveness of performed works.
5 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: building units, particularly coverings or linings for buildings with vented facades.
SUBSTANCE: device has support profile connected to wall to be covered, intermediate member cooperating with support profile and bearing member having U-shaped profile. U-shaped profile shoulder is connected to intermediate member surface. Free ends of U-shaped profile have projections extending at 90° from sides thereof. There is a gap for opposite panel edges installation formed between inner surface of each projection and intermediate member surface. Shoulder of U-shaped profile is provided with tong embedded in window formed on intermediate member. Tong is folded relative one side of U-shaped profile for 90° angle. Tong length exceeds that of projection extending in the same direction. Tong has through orifice for securing member insertion. Orifice mates to through orifice made in intermediate member. Shoulder of U-shaped profile has zigzag area formed in tong direction. Each bend of zigzag area has angle of not more than 90°. Distance d between bend apex adjoining side of bearing member opposite to tong and inner tong surface corresponds to intermediate member thickness. Intermediate member window width and length exceed tong thickness and width by 1 - 2 mm.
EFFECT: improved service conditions, simplified mounting, reduced material consumption and increased reliability of panel securing.
4 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building units, particularly to protect buildings and structures and for wall covering.
SUBSTANCE: covering includes a number of finish tiles secured to surface to be covered by fastening strips having bearing hooks and securing hooks uniformly distributed along strip length. Bearing hooks have fasteners directed towards surface to be covered. Securing hooks include fasteners oriented in opposite direction relative fasteners of bearing hooks. Each tile has two longitudinal grooves formed on two joining surfaces. One groove has cross-section mating to bearing hook fastener, another one is located on opposite joining surface and has cross-section corresponding to securing hook fastener. Fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent out of strip hooks at 30°-40° during their forming. Joining surfaces of each tile are arranged on upper and lower tile ends. Longitudinal groove cooperating with bearing hook fastener is formed on lower tile end. Longitudinal groove of joining surface contacts with securing hook fastener formed on upper tile end. Each pair including bearing and securing hooks is made as a single plate. Method of covering securing involves rigidly connecting fastening strips to surface to be covered, seriously connecting finish tiles to rows of bearing hooks of two adjacent fastening strips; mating joining surfaces of each tile fasteners of bearing and securing hooks, wherein fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent at 30°-40° outwards. Tiles are secured in down-top direction. Each tile is placed on fasteners of lower row of adjacent bearing hooks of two adjacent strips by lower tile end and secured by upper end thereof. Fasteners are bent above row of adjacent fixing hooks in direction towards longitudinal strip axis up to bringing fastener into contact with longitudinal groove of joining surface on upper tile end.
EFFECT: increased accuracy and reliability of covering fixation, improved structural integrity.
2 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly for new building construction and existent ones repair and reconstruction.
SUBSTANCE: facade enclosure is composed of single blocks. Each block comprises frame with fastening members and inner lining. Inner lining and facade facing define sealed cavity with the use of sealing material. The sealed cavity communicates with atmosphere through channel and is provided with at least one heat-insulation screen and at least two heat-insulation layers. The blocks are connected to the building by supports rigidly secured to building frame by the first ends thereof. The second support ends are connected to blocks.
EFFECT: increased air-tightness and reliability of facade enclosure.
21 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.
SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises a number of support units, load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members and fastening members. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each hanging member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing profile. At least one orifice grouping for hanging member connection to load-bearing profile and one orifice grouping for load-bearing profile connection to support unit are created on bottom part of load-bearing profile. Each orifice grouping includes at least three elongated orifices. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile and the orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing profile. Distance between orifice groupings is not less than 40 mm. Larger axes of U-shaped member orifices define closed polygon outlining cross-sectional stability area.
EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging, reduced labor inputs and costs of set unit and facing panel assemblage due to reduced technological operations necessary for facing panels finishing during assemblage, extended range of facing panel fastener adjustment and increased resistance to transversal load action.
14 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.
SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members, fastening members and a number of support units. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each load-bearing member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Bottom part of load-bearing U-shaped profile is provided with at least three elongated orifices for load-bearing profile connection to support unit and for hanging member connection to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile. Orifices in end plate, hanging member and load-bearing U-shaped profile are similar in shape. Load-bearing U-shaped profile orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing U-shaped profile.
EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging.
5 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings.
SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises parallel carrying profiles each formed of metal or polymeric material by extrusion operation or by sheet material bending. Each profile has hollow post. Orifices to connect carrying profiles to bearing structure are formed in carrying profile base. The carrying profile base also has clamp. Opposite side of the base is defined by partitions having free ends creating gap along carrying profile of the second post. Partitions are located between carrying profile posts and extend transversely to the posts. The partitions are made as posts of carrying profile having H-shaped cross-section and located between the posts. Posts of H-shaped carrying profile are defined by flanges and post of thrust profiles having U-shaped cross sections connecting the flanges. The thrust profiles face cladding panels by opened cavities thereof. Free end of each flange defined by thrust profile cross-section is bent inside the cavity so that acute angle is created in-between. Extensions of longitudinal mounting profile ridges are arranged between trust profile bends. The mounting profile has longitudinal extensions. Mounting profile strip touches free end of each mounting profile flange at bends. Longitudinal extension of face side ribs are directed one towards another. Adjacent cladding panels create cladding panel fixing profile at joint between grooves thereof in which longitudinal mounting profile rib extension are inserted.
EFFECT: simplified facing structure, increased manufacturability, reduced labor inputs for facing structure assemblage, prevention of panels to be connected misalignment.
10 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.
SUBSTANCE: support panel has rectangular shape and is provided with four fastening members arranged on inner surface thereof. The fastening members are made as mounting hooks formed so that distance between inner panel surface and hook end L is equal to heat insulation layer thickness H. Horizontal and vertical distances between the hooks correspond to distance between ears connected to load-bearing structure of building.
EFFECT: simplified structure and assembly operation.
FIELD: construction engineering.
SUBSTANCE: method and device can be used for external system of heat protection (ventilated facades) and it is intended for forming external wall enclosures with increased thermo-technical characteristics. Method includes preliminary mounting of window modules a t construction site, height of modules doesn't exceed three floors; window modules are built in form of frame carcasses. Window modules are mounted in form of frame carcass of design architectural window opening. Then vertical beacons are mounted later along line of designed joints of wall enclosures, while taking compensation spaces in mentioned joints into account, and along line of side slopes of designed window openings. Openings disposed in relation to vertical beacons are marked and drilled in coverings for making fixing units; fixing units are mounted in pairs and tied together preliminary by threaded pins through openings in support paws of units and openings in coverings. Pullout console are removed outside contours of coverings. Separate posts and window modules are mounted in fixing units due to bringing openings in embrace fork of fixing unit with corresponding oval openings at ends of separate posts and posts of window modules and they are fastened by threaded connection. Compensation spaces are provided at edges of posts at level of coverings b subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift. Plane of façade is graded due to subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift at direction being perpendicular to plane of façade. Designed joints of wall enclosures and side slopes of designed architectural window openings relatively vertical beacons are checked through horizontal shift of separate posts and window modules. Fixing units are coupled finally by means of thread pins through additional fixing openings inside their carrier consoles and through preliminary drilled openings in coverings. Horizontal beacons are installed on line of top and low slides of designed architectural window openings. Reliability of horizontal tying of window openings is inspected due to sifting horizontal cross stapling along posts of window modules. Window units are installed inside designed architectural window openings and inter-level wall enclosures are formed by fixing sandwich-type panels to back sides of separate posts and posts of window modules due to L-shaped fixing elements and self-tapping screws. Then inter-level gaps among wall enclosures are made habitable to winter due to fixing warm-keeping stuff by plate dowels to coverings at side of faced; then members for fixing facing are mounted. Device for realization of the method is also described.
EFFECT: quicker mounting and dismounting of wall enclosures; higher efficiency of warming.
7 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: construction, particularly for tile laying on wall enclosures, namely on vented facades, to create relief architecture compositions (architectural orders) arranged in single plane.
SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises the first facing tile set including tiles having flat interior surfaces, which define common facade plane. Facing structure includes horizontal profiles fastened to vertical ones and connection members, which are secured to vertical profiles and provide visible or concealed facing tile connection. The connection members fix upper, lower tile parts or two adjacent tiles. Facing structure also comprises support flanges of tile edge fastening members. Tile edge fastening members adapted for concealed tile fastening are to be inserted in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The facing structure additionally has arch module projecting out of common building facade plane. The arch module is preliminarily assembled at building site and retained over arch formed in building wall by means of anchoring bolts passing through orifices of the supports. The facing structure also has the second tile set including tiles projecting out of common facade plane and having different cross-sections. Edges of the second tiles are supported by support flanges, which provide visible or concealed tile connection and have similar grooves adapted to receive wings of fastening members for concealed tile fastening. Arch module including facing tiles, connection members for visible or concealed tile connection, which secure lower tile parts and two adjacent tiles, and support flanges for tile edge fixation. The support flanges, which provide concealed tile fastening pass in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The arch module is made as frame including holders with box-like cross-sections and connected one with another by means of stiffening components. The holders have support for holder connection to wall. At least two members to secure lower tile parts and at least one member to retain two adjacent tiles are fastened to facial holder sides and define pockets for radially formed tiles receiving made in exterior frame part between the holders. Members for lower tile part fixation extend along longitudinal holder axes. Members for simultaneous fastening of two adjacent tiles are transversal to longitudinal holder axes.
EFFECT: possibility to change appearance of buildings including ones having arch openings.
5 cl, 21 dwg
FIELD: construction, particularly coverings or linings, for instance, for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.
SUBSTANCE: composite bracket comprises holder connected to building wall and provided with longitudinal guiders. The holder is adapted to fix reinforcing member from building wall side. The reinforcing member is made as box with flanges having rounded ends and extending vertically upwards and downwards with respect to the holder. Oval orifices are made in upper and lower parts of box wall. Oval orifices have major axes extending in horizontal plane. Box is provided with sub-stamping located in area of box joining with holder. The sub-stamping extends for holder end wall thickness and provides close fitting of outer box wall and outer holder end surface to building wall.
EFFECT: increased strength, reliability, air-tightness and rigidity of hanged panel connection to building wall.