Mulching composition (versions)

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride, natural additives - Andreaeopsida moss and Larix lariciana larch needles, and water.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex

 

The invention relates to the chemistry of synthetic substances polymer in a mixture with organic and natural substances, for example, for urban and agricultural purposes or compositions for mulching different types of soils, lawns, parks and gardens.

Was formerly known such a composition of the mulch, which is used polyacrylamide, urea, lignosulfonate, potassium chloride and water in the following ratio, wt. %: polyacrylamide, 0.25 to 0.75, lignosulfonate 0.5 to 1.5, urea, 0.4 to 0.8, potassium chloride 1-3, water - the rest (patent of Russia №2034899 C1, 1995, class of the international classification of patents SC 17/00).

However, this patent did not use natural materials is a significant disadvantage. Nature provides many suitable materials, many mosses, different types of wood waste, bark, shavings, chips. In this case, different types of wood can be combined with different kinds of synthetic materials - polymers, their waste if they are harmless to the environment.

The technical result of the invention is the use of numerous kinds of natural materials, that is, the extension of the range of compositions for mulching soils.

This result is achieved by the fact that the composition of the mulch, according to the invention, contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride, and the quality is as natural additives moss species Andreaeopsida and needles of larch Larix lariciana, water in the following ratio, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
PA-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Andreaeopsida10-15
needles of larch Larix lariciana8-9
waterrest

As variants invented the following compounds, which are changed (selected) important relations for moss and pine needles:

moss species Andreaeopsida10-15
needles of larch Larix laricianafrom 9.1 to 9.5

or

moss species Andreaeopsida10-15
needles of larch Larix lariciana9,8-11

The composition prepared as follows.

These ingredients are subjected to otdelkasuperru and after mixing in the aquatic environment.

The table shows various examples of variants of the invention with a water content of each sample - the rest up to 100 wt.% :

Table
Composition, wt. %
Ingredients
123
Lignosulfonate0,10,250,4
Urea0,20,40,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose
0,30,350,4
Potassium chloride123
Moss species Andreaeopsida10 1315
Needles of larch Larix lariciana89,510

1. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species Andreaeopsida and needles of larch Larix lariciana, water in the following ratio, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
PA-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Andreaeopsida10-15
needles of larch Larix lariciana8-9
waterrest

2. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species Andreaeopsida and needles of larch Larix lariciana, water the next time soothes the NII components, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
PA-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Andreaeopsida10-15
needles of larch Larix laricianafrom 9.1 to 9.5
waterrest

3. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species Andreaeopsida and needles of larch Larix lariciana, water in the following ratio, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
PA-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Andreaeopsida10-15
needles of larch Larix lariciana9,8-11
waterrest



 

Same patents:

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride, water and, as natural additives, Sphaerocarpus moss and Juniperus media Hetzii juniper needles, in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Sphaerocarpus moss 10-15, Juniperus media Hetzii juniper needles 8-9, and water - the balance. Other versions of the mulching composition are disclosed, which contain Juniperus media Hetzii juniper needles in the following ratios, wt %: 9.1-9.5 and 9.8-11.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Takakiopsida moss and Juniperus x. media Gold Coast juniper needles, and water in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Takakiopsida moss 10-15, Juniperus x. media Gold Coast juniper needles 8-9, and water - the balance. Other versions of the mulching composition are disclosed, which contain Juniperus x. media Gold Coast juniper needles in the following ratios, wt %: 9.1-9.5 and 9.8-11.

EFFECT: invention widens the range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Hymenophytum moss and Larix kamtschatica larch needles, and water in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Hymenophytum moss 10-15, Larix kamtschatica larch needles 8-9, water - the balance. Other versions of polymer-natural mulching compositions are also disclosed.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride, water and, as natural additives, Jungermanniales moss and Juniperus virginiana Kobold juniper needles, in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, NA-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Jungermanniales moss 10-15, Juniperus virginiana Kobold juniper needles 8-9, and water - the balance. Other versions of the polymer-natural mulching composition are also disclosed.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, NA-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride, water and, as natural additives, Sphaerocarpus moss and Juniperus virginiana Kobold juniper needles, in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, NA-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Sphaerocarpus moss 10-15, Juniperus virginiana Kobold juniper needles 8-9, and water - the balance. Other versions of polymer-natural mulching compositions are also disclosed.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, NA-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Tetraphidopsida moss and Larix koreana larch needles, and water in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, NA-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Tetraphidopsida moss 10-15, Larix koreana larch needles 8-9, water - the balance. Other versions of polymer-natural mulching compositions are also disclosed.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Sphagnopsida moss and Larix koreana larch needles, and water in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Sphagnopsida moss 10-15, Larix koreana larch needles 8-9, water - the balance. Other versions of polymer-natural mulching compositions are also disclosed.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

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EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Tetraphidopsida moss and Larix cajanderi larch needles, and water.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Pallavicinia moss and Larix mastersiana larch needles and water in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, NA-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Pallavicinia moss 10-15, Larix mastersiana larch needles 8-9, water - the balance.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Pallavicina moss and Larix cajanderi larch needles, and water with defined ratios of components.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride, water and, as natural additives, Pellia endiviifolia moss and Juniperus Blue Alps juniper needles.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: aqueous mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Pallavicinia moss and Juniperus h. Wiltonii juniper needles, in different amounts which are reflected in versions of the polymer-natural mulching compositions.

EFFECT: improvement of the environment.

3 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: aqueous mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Sphaerocarpus moss and Juniperus virginiana Nana Compacta juniper needles, in different amounts which are reflected in versions of the polymer-natural mulching composition.

EFFECT: improvement of the environment.

3 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: aqueous mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Takakiopsida moss and Tamafiscifolia juniper needles, in different amounts which are reflected in versions of the polymer-natural mulching composition.

EFFECT: use of said compositions improves the environment.

3 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Polytrichopsida moss and Larix kongboensis larch needles, and water.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride, water and, as natural additives, Jungermanniales moss and Juniperus x. media Gold Coast juniper needles.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mulching composition contains, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, and as natural additives - Sphaerocarpus moss 10-15 and Larix cajanderi larch needles 8-9, water - the balance. The amounts are reflected in different versions of the polymer-natural mulching compositions.

EFFECT: use of said compositions improves the environment.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mulching composition contains, wt %: lignosulphonate - 0.1-0.4, carbamide - 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose - 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride - 1-3 and, and as natural additives - Takakiopsida moss 10-15 and Larix komarovii larch needles 8-9, and water - the balance. Versions of the compositions reflect different amounts.

EFFECT: use of such polymer-natural mulching compositions improves the environment.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

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EFFECT: use of said compositions improves the environment.

3 cl, 1 tbl

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EFFECT: improved intensifying method.

2 tbl

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