Fully assembled building of closed type

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the construction, in particular the construction of buildings on permafrost, weak and heaving soils, as well as in seismic zones. The building includes ventilated foundations, walls and cover made with the spatial structure of the core and combined into a single closed fully meshed with slatted frame of diagonally-rod type. The building is erected from the core element by element, of plate and beam elements made of wood materials. Elements are assembled into a single collapsible spatial shield-rod structures bolted through a system of prefabricated moulded node elements with bolt holes. A regular shaped nodal element having a hollow core with four plates attached to it along the outer edges of tetrahedral packing, having a shelf and wall units with bolt holes, adjacent walls being docked with a gap in each of which there is a diagonal tip of the rod member.

EFFECT: technical result is to increase fire resistance and corrosion resistance, to increase portability and expanding field of architectural shaping.

19 cl, 29 dwg

 

The invention relates to the construction of buildings on permafrost, weak and heaving soils, and seismic zones.

Known collapsible frame for the formation of the supporting frame mobile buildings, including modular triangular cross-cutting elements in the form of prisms connected by bolts [USSR Author's certificate No. 1647097, the priority date of 13.04.1988, publication date 07.05.1991, the authors Jakunenkov S.M. and others, SU].

The disadvantage of this is similar dissociation of the Foundation and superstructure, which leads to increased influence of differential settlement of Foundation on top of the structure, as well as the high intensity of the building in mind the use of metal modules and limited architectural morphogenesis due to the uniformity of the modules.

Known prefabricated building closed, foundations, walls and floor of which is built of steel and concrete elements, consisting of concrete slabs and metal Sprengel spatial type having a belt and braces that are attached to the plate in the corners and in the intermediate nodes through a system of embedded parts, plate steel and concrete elements are interconnected by means of inserts installed in the corners and at intermediate nodes with the monolithic joints between them, and a belt connected between the metal rods in width, the height and length of the building with the formation of a metal frame [RF Patent №2215852, the priority date of 02.04.2001, publication date 10.11.2003, the authors nadeljaev E, and others, RU, prototype].

The disadvantage of the prototype is the difficulty of transportation in connection with a large weight and dimensions of steel and concrete elements, the complexity of the installation in terms of the distance of the construction site and the lack of winding machines, high intensity, limited forms of buildings, due to the precise dimensions of the modular elements, as well as low resistance, corrosion resistance and wear metal Sprengel when operating in severe conditions of the North and coastal areas, where high humidity and salt content, preference is given Bezmaternykh structures.

The objective of the invention is to improve the fire resistance and corrosion resistance in the harsh Northern conditions through the use of wood materials, including modified, and Bezmaternykh compounds, reducing the cost of using waste plywood production, improved transportability due to the compactness of the individual parts and reduce the overall weight, as well as the expansion of the field of architectural formation, due to the element-by-element Assembly and multifunction systems collapsible hub connections.

Re the possible tasks of prefabricated building closed includes ventilated foundations, walls and floor made with a spatial truss structure and combined into a single closed mesh system with slatted frame diagonally-rod type, according to the invention, the building was erected element of the rod, slab and beam elements, made of wood materials, which are collected in a single collapsible spatial plate-rod structure bolted through a system of prefabricated shaped anchor elements with bolt holes, while the lattice structure of the frame of the building formed the core elements of a square or circular cross-section with tips on the ends fastened into the shaped anchor elements, United in the upper and lower zones, ventilated Foundation formed beam supporting part in the form of a system of cross-beams, supported on the subgrade and United with the base-frame structure in the nodes of the lower belt, the upper belt of the Foundation structure combined with floor plates and slabs walls and coverage outside of the United respectively with wall structure of the framework and the covering structure, thus to combine the core elements in the lattice frame used the same type of ordinary shaped anchor elements and docking shaped anchor element is, located in the joints of a lattice frame, all shaped anchor elements formed from the system gussets with bolt holes and assembled with installation and fastening of the node in the direction of arrangement of the braces and belt truss elements and with the possibility of combining all of the plates and beam bearing part of the basement at the nodes of a lattice frame with the supporting and connecting elements associated with ordinary or docking shaped core elements, while an ordinary shaped anchor element provided with a hollow core with four secured on the outer face tetrahedral gussets having a shelf and walls with holes for bolts, adjacent sides of gussets connected with gap, each of which has a tip of diagonal truss element, compressed by the walls of the through bolt connection, shelf gussets connected with flat fasanmi installed using the center bolt on the end of the hollow core to form a gap into which you installed the lugs belt truss elements connecting the nodes of the skeleton in belts, beam support part of the Foundation merged with the Foundation structure at the nodes of the lower belt with supporting tables, containing a hollow core mounted on the ends of the plate adjacent to the beam frequent the Foundation, and flat fasanmi, through which the supporting table is associated with an ordinary shaped anchor element, and slab floor slab walls and cover the joint with slatted frame with supporting tables, additionally containing in the adjacent plates of the plate crosswise located flat lugs with holes for mounting plates, and the plate mounted on the supporting tables and fastened to them by means of bolts, and the ends of the building installed rack of framing that fixed wall plate.

According to the invention, the docking shaped anchor element located at the outer junction of the wall and Foundation structures, provided attached to the sides of the hollow core tetrahedral and two triangular gussets adjacent the walls of which are formed clearances, installed and tightened bolts tips braces on the bottom of the core by means of a Central bolt fixed flat fasone reference table, costacabana with shelves mentioned gussets with a gap, which is fixed to the tips of the three bars of the lower zone of a base structure, and at the upper end of the core fixed grip with dual walls forming a gap in which is fixed a belt truss element wall structure.

According to the invention, the docking shaped unloveliest, located at the internal junction of the wall and Foundation structures, equipped with gussets mounted on a hollow core, comprising three square faconti, four trihedral faconti, the upper two of which are made with shelves and mounted on the hollow core from opposite sides, and the dihedral Fesenko located between these three at the same time, fasolki installed with the possibility of fixing at site six braces and three belt core elements of the Foundation structure, and at the upper end of the core has a seizure, which establishes the belt core element of the wall structure.

According to the invention, the docking shaped anchor element located on an external wall junction structure and the structure of the coating, equipped with a system gussets mounted on a hollow core, comprising two triangular of faconti and two dihedral of fasolki installed with the possibility of fixing the site of the two diagonals and one lap of the truss element wall structure, and at the upper end of the hollow core fixed flat fasone fastened by means of a Central bolt and gasket from the support table adjacent to the covering, with the gap between the planar fasanmi and the supporting table mounted and fixed on the bolt lugs three belt is terzhevik structure elements the cover and the connecting element mounting wall plate.

According to the invention, the docking shaped anchor element located on the inner junction of the wall structure and the structure of the coating, equipped with a system gussets mounted on a hollow core, comprising six triangular gussets, four of which are made with shelves and installed with a gap between the shelves on the opposite faces of the core, and the two flat faconti, at the same time, fasolki installed with the possibility of fixing at site four braces and three waist of the beam elements, the bottom end of the core has a seizure, which establishes the belt truss element wall structure, and at the upper end of the core fixed paired with flat gap of puconci, between which are drawn together by bolts tips bracing structure of the coating,

According to the invention, the docking shaped anchor element located on the outer ridge of the structure of the coating, equipped with a system gussets mounted on a hollow core, comprising four triangular of fasolki installed with the possibility of fixing the site of the two diagonals and two belt core elements of the structure of the coating, and at the upper end of the core fixed flat fasone fastened by means of a Central bolt and gasket from the support table, on which is supported slab in the ridge, while in the gap IU the remote control flat fasanmi and the supporting table mounted and fixed on the two bolts belt truss structure element cover,

According to the invention, the docking shaped anchor element located on the inner ridge of the structure of the coating, equipped with a system gussets mounted on a hollow core, comprising two four-of puconci, four trihedral faconti and four paired with flat gap of fasolki installed with the possibility of fixing at site six braces and four belt core elements of the lower belt coating structure.

According to the invention, mounted on the ends of the buildings stand Fachwerk provided with end lugs, a rack attached to the bottom of the cross-beams, and on top of the to member shaped anchor elements of the upper belt coating structure.

According to the invention, the wooden core elements of circular cross section made of billet, which is the waste plywood production.

According to the invention, wooden trusses are modified synthetic polymers.

According to the invention, stretched wooden trusses are reinforced glued metal or fiberglass reinforcement.

According to the invention, rod reinforcement is made in the center section.

According to the invention, rod reinforcement is made on the perimeter, while reinforcing bars are located in the longitudinal grooves diametrically across the lagoon is false on two or four sides.

According to the invention, the reinforcement is made of metal or fiberglass tube, located on the center section.

According to the invention, compressed wood core elements of the wall structure is made of two circular blanks with longitudinal grooves, combined using a common end tips and longitudinal plywood dowel glued into the grooves of the workpiece over the entire length, while thorn has a diamond shape with a beveled sharp corners, the shape of the combined grooves of connected blanks.

According to the invention, a gable covering structure includes tightening connecting symmetrically spaced nodes of the lower belt in the same level.

According to the invention, lattice frame wall structure and/or structure of the coating is thinned bars, and plates in place rarefaction embedded window openings.

According to the invention, the shaped anchor elements, reference tables, tips, items, and fasteners are made of fiberglass.

According to the invention, the covering plate elements are made or oriented strand boards, or plywood or other sheet materials based on wood.

Figure 1 shows a cross section of prefabricated buildings closed by tightening the covering structure; figure 2 is a fragment of the lattice ka the Casa; figure 3 - rod element; figure 4 - cross section a-a in figure 3; figure 5 is a node I in figure 1; figure 6 - member shaped anchor element; 7 - node II in figure 1, Fig - supporting table; figure 9 - site III in figure 1; figure 10 - reference table with the flat stops; figure 11 - site IV in figure 1, Fig - docking hub element in site IV; Fig node V in figure 1, Fig - docking hub element in the node V; Fig node VI in figure 1, Fig - docking hub element node VI; Fig - site VII in figure 1, Fig - docking hub element node VII; Fig - site VIII in figure 1, Fig - docking hub element node VIII; Fig node IX in figure 1, Fig - docking hub element node IX; Fig system gussets: a - tetrahedral, b - flat, three - sided, g-flat, d - grip, e - triangular W - dihedral, C - triangular, and dihedral to - flat l - flat, m - triangular, h - flat, four - sided, p - triangular, R - flat; Fig - location of the end uprights of the framing; Fig - section of elongated rod element, a reinforced Central reinforcing rod; Fig - section of elongated rod element, reinforced with four steel rods, located on the perimeter; Fig - section of elongated rod element, a reinforced Central tube; Fig - section reinforced SG is in core element; on Fig - fragment of a lattice frame with sparse lattice wall structure.

Prefabricated building closed type (figure 1) consists of a ventilated Foundation, walls and cover, which are made with spatial truss structure and combined into a single closed mesh system with slatted frame diagonally-rod type (figure 2). Prefabricated building closed type consists of separate rod 1, plate 2 and beam elements 3 made of wood materials, which are collected in a single collapsible spatial plate-rod structure bolted through a system of prefabricated shaped anchor elements. Core element 1 (Fig 3) is made of wood with a square or round cross-section (figure 4) with the lugs 4 on the ends attached to the ends of the rods with bolted connections. Ventilated Foundation consists of a beam support part in the form of a cross-beam elements 3, supported on the subgrade and Foundation structure 5 of the frame. Beam support part 3 and the base structure 5 are combined in the nodes of the lower belt structure 5. The floor plate 2 supported on a base structure 5 at the nodes on the upper belt, wall slabs and slab 2 outside the United respectively with wall structure 6 and structure of the coating . Core elements 1 in the United lattice frame with the help of ordinary shaped anchor elements 8 located at nodes I-III (figure 1), and docking shaped anchor elements located in the inner and outer seams of a lattice frame.

In node I (figure 5) is a member shaped anchor element 8 (6), which contains a hollow core 9 with a fixed outer face tetrahedral gussets 10 (Fig a)having a shelf and walls with holes for the bolts. Adjacent walls of the gussets 10 connected with a gap, each of which has a tip 4 diagonal truss element 1, the compressed walls by means of screw connection. Shelf gussets 10 connected with the flat fasanmi 11 (figb), installed with the Central bolt on the end of the core 9 with the formation of the gap in which you installed the lugs 4 lap rod elements 1, connecting the nodes of the skeleton in the zones.

In sites II (7) beam support part 3 of the Foundation merged with the lower zone of the Foundation structure 5 via the supporting tables 12 (Fig). The supporting table 12 contains adjacent to the beam part 3 of the pad 13, the core 14 and the flat Fesenko 11, through which the supporting table is associated with an ordinary shaped anchor element.

Nodes III (Fig.9) for Association of plate elements 2 floor, walls and cover with executin frame used reference tables 12, equipped with flat lugs 15 (figure 10). Flat lugs 15 with holes for mounting plates 2 Phillips located on the cover plate 13, adjacent to the plates. Plate 2 mounted on the support tables 12 and bonded with them through a flat lugs 15 by means of bolts.

At site IV (11) on the external interface of the base 5 and the wall 6 of structures is shaped connecting hub element 16 (Fig), which contains fixed on the faces of the core 9 of the tetrahedral 10 (figa) and two triangular 17 (pigv) of fasolki. Between adjacent walls of the gussets 10 and 17 are formed clearances, installed and tightened bolts lugs 4 of the braces 1. On the lower end of the core 9 fixed flat fasone 18 (high) reference table, costacabana with shelves mentioned gussets 10 and 17 with a gap, which is fixed to the lugs 4 of the three terminals 1 lower zone of a base structure 5. On the upper end of the core 9 is fixed grip 19 (Fig d) with dual walls forming a gap in which is fixed to the tip of the belt 4 of the truss element 1 wall structure 6.

In node V (Fig) at the internal junction of the base 5 and the wall 6 of the structures is located a docking shaped anchor element 20 (Fig), which contains mounted on the hollow core 9 three of tetrahedral fasolki 10, two trihedral fasolki 17 (pigv), two trihedral fasolki 2 (fige) and the dihedral Fesenko 22 (figs), and at the upper end of the core 9 has a grip 19. When node V is installed and fixed on the bolts six braces and four belt truss element 1, of which three - lap core elements of the Foundation structure 5, and one belt truss element wall structure 6.

In the node VI (Fig) at the external junction of the wall structure 6 and structure of the coating 7 is shaped connecting hub element 23 (Fig), which contains mounted on the hollow core 9 two trihedral fasolki 24 (figs) and two dihedral of fasolki 25 (Figi). In the gaps between the gussets 24 and 25 are installed and secured to the lugs 4 of the two diagonals and one lap of the truss element 1 wall structure. On the upper end of the hollow core 9 fixed flat fasone 11, fastened by means of a Central bolt and gasket from the support table 12, adjacent to the plates of the cover and provided with flat lugs 15. In the gap between the planar fasanmi 11 and the support table 12 is installed and fixed on the bolt lugs 4 three lap rod elements 1 structure of the coating 7 and the connecting element 26 mounting the wall plate 2.

At site VII (Fig) at the internal junction of the wall structure 6 and structure of the coating 7 is shaped connecting hub element 27 (Fig), which contains mounted on the hollow core is 9 four trihedral fasolki 17, installed with a gap between the shelves on the opposite faces of the core, two trihedral fasolki 21 (fige) and the two flat fasolki 28 (FIGC). On the lower end of the core 9 has a grip 19, and at the upper end of the core 9 is fixed coupled with flat gap of fasolki 29 (Figl). In VII node is installed and fixed on the bolt lugs 4 six braces and four belt rod elements 1.

At site VIII (Fig) on the outer ridge of the structure of the coating 7 is a docking shaped anchor element 30 (Fig), which contains mounted on the hollow core 9 four trihedral fasolki 31 (film). In the gaps between the gussets 31 are installed and secured to the lugs 4 of the two diagonals and two belt rod elements 1 structure of the coating 7. On the upper end of the core 9 fixed flat fasone 32 (fign), fastened by means of a Central bolt and gasket from the reference table with flat lugs 15, PA which is supported slab in the ridge. In the gap between the planar fasanmi 32 and the supporting table mounted and fixed on the bolt lugs 4 two belt rod elements 1 structure of the coating 7.

Node IX (Fig) on the inner ridge of the structure of the coating 7 is a docking shaped anchor element 33 (Fig), which contains mounted on the hollow core 9 two tetrahedral FA is once 34 (Figo), four trihedral fasolki 35 (fegp) and paired with a gap of four flat fasolki 36 (figr). Node IX is installed and fixed on the bolt lugs 4 six braces and four belt rod elements 1 lower belt structure of the coating 7.

The ends of the building installed rack Fachwerk 37, provided with end lugs (Fig). Hours Fachwerk 37 zakreplena bottom to the cross-beams 3, and on top of the to member shaped anchor elements 8 of the upper belt structure of the coating 7. To the uprights of the framing 37 fixed wall plate elements 2.

To improve the durability and corrosion resistance of joints in the erection of buildings in coastal zones in conditions of high humidity and salt content, shaped anchor elements, reference tables, the tips of the elements and fasteners may be made of fiberglass or other plastic construction.

To reduce the material cost of prefabricated buildings, wood truss elements 1 can be made of round cross-section of the billet, which is the waste plywood production. The cross-sectional diameter of the workpiece 80-100 mm, when the length of the rod to 2.5 m

To improve the strength and performance characteristics of wooden truss members 1 when working on the longitudinal force wood truss elements can be modified with synthetic polymers.

To increase the strength of the beam elements 1 when working on the stretching rod 1 can be reinforced glued metal or fiberglass reinforcement 38. When this valve rod 38 can be located on the center section (Fig) or may be located in the longitudinal grooves diametrically opposite two or four sides (Fig). Instead of reinforcing rod 38 on the center section can be used glued metal or fiberglass tube 39 (Fig).

To increase the strength of the beam elements 1 when working in compression using reinforced rod elements 40 (Fig). Reinforced rod element 40 consists of two round billet 1 with longitudinal grooves, United through the common end of the lugs 4 and the longitudinal plywood cleat 41. Plywood cleat 41 is inserted into the slots of the blanks on the entire length, has a diamond shape with a beveled sharp corners, the shape of the combined grooves connected workpieces 1.

To reduce the effect of spreading and reducing the strain tension in the lower belt structure of the coating 7, a span covering structure 7 includes tightening 42 (figure 1), which connect symmetrically located ordinary shaped anchor elements 8 of the lower belt in the same level. Tightening 42 may be made of metal and fiberglass.

For the device light is output openings of the lattice frame wall structure 6 and/or structure of the coating 7 has a sparse grid (Fig), and in plate 2 walls and/or coating at the place of rarefaction embedded window openings.

The covering slab element 2 may be made of oriented strand Board, plywood or other sheet materials based on wood.

All elements of the prefabricated buildings are manufactured in an industrial way in the factory. The rod elements are made of wood with a square or round cross-section or a round billet, which is the waste plywood production. If necessary, the wood truss elements can be further modified with synthetic polymers. To enhance the span element along the geometric axis of the drill through the longitudinal hole where glued reinforcing rod or tube. Beam elements are made of timber hard wood with additional impregnation moisture resistant compositions or modification. The cores of the node elements are made of rolled sections. All fasolki shaped anchor elements are produced by laser cutting and bending for bending machines or by stamping. The Assembly is shaped anchor element can be carried out both in the factory and on the construction site.

Installation of prefabricated buildings closed type carried out in the following sequence. On an aligned basis of the way the live beam elements 3 and combine them in a cross-beam system. Top of the system mounted shaped anchor elements 8, provided with supporting tables 12 and elementwise collect on the bolts of the Foundation structure 5. In the upper zone of the base of the stack structure of the floor plate 2, fastening them bolted together through the supporting table 12, provided with flat lugs 15. Next elementwise erect wall structure 6 and is fixed to the outer belt through the reference tables 12 plate walls 2.

Separately produce pre-Assembly structure of the coating 7, its lifting and installation in the design position by fastening with wall frame structures in a docking shaped anchor elements 23, 27. The rise of the structure of the coating can be made easy lifting mechanisms. On the upper belt structure of the coating on the reference tables in the nodes of the stack plate cover, fastening them like floor boards and walls. The ends of the building are installing a rack of framing, which is fixed to the beam elements at the bottom and shaped anchor elements of the upper belt structure of the coating at the top, through the lugs on the bolt. Then install the end plates of the walls and roof sheeting. If necessary, make additional exterior finishing of the building.

The advantage of the inventive prefabricated buildings closed is to improve the fire resistance and corrosion resistance in su the new Northern conditions through the use of wood materials, including modified and Bezmaternykh compounds; lowering the cost of wooden elements through the use of waste plywood production; improving the transportability due to the compactness of the individual parts and reducing the total weight; the extension of the field of architectural formation due to element-by-element Assembly and multifunction systems collapsible hub connections.

1. Prefabricated building closed type, including ventilated foundations, walls and floor made with a spatial truss structure and combined into a single closed mesh system with slatted frame diagonally-rod type, characterized in that the building was erected element of the rod, slab and beam elements, made of wood materials, which are collected in a single collapsible spatial plate-rod structure bolted through a system of prefabricated shaped anchor elements with bolt holes, while the lattice structure of the frame of the building formed the core elements of a square or circular cross-section with tips on the ends fastened in shaped anchor elements arranged in upper and lower zones, ventilated Foundation formed beam supporting part in the form of a system of cross-beams, supported the x on the subgrade and United with the base-frame structure in the nodes of the lower belt, the upper zone of the Foundation structure combined with floor plates and slabs walls and coverage outside of the United respectively with wall structure of the framework and the covering structure, thus to combine the core elements in the lattice frame used the same type of ordinary shaped anchor elements and shaped connecting the nodes located in the joints of a lattice frame, all shaped anchor elements formed from the system gussets with bolt holes and assembled with installation and fastening of the node in the direction of arrangement of the braces and belt truss elements and with the possibility of combining all of the plates and beam bearing part of the basement at the nodes of a lattice frame with support and connecting elements associated with ordinary or docking shaped core elements, while an ordinary shaped anchor element provided with a hollow core with four secured on the outer face tetrahedral gussets having a shelf and walls with holes for bolts, adjacent sides of gussets connected with a gap, each of which has a tip of diagonal truss element, compressed by the walls of the through bolt connection, shelf gussets connected with flat fasanmi installed using the center bolt on the end face of the hollow gel core is and with the formation of the gap, which include tips belt truss elements connecting the nodes of the skeleton in belts, beam support part of the Foundation merged with the Foundation structure at the nodes of the lower belt with supporting tables, containing a hollow core mounted on the ends of the plate adjacent to the beam of the Foundation, and flat fasanmi, through which the supporting table is associated with an ordinary shaped anchor element, and slab floor slab walls and cover the joint with slatted frame with supporting tables, additionally containing in the adjacent plates of the plate crosswise located flat lugs with holes for mounting plates, and the plates installed on the supporting tables and fastened to them by means of bolts, and the ends of the building installed rack of framing that fixed wall plate.

2. Prefabricated building closed type according to claim 1, wherein the docking shaped anchor element located at the outer junction of the wall and Foundation structures, provided attached to the sides of the hollow core tetrahedral and two triangular gussets adjacent the walls of which are formed clearances, installed and tightened bolts tips braces on the bottom of the core by means of a Central bolt fixed flat Faso the CA reference table, costacabana with shelves mentioned gussets with a gap, which is fixed to the tips of the three bars of the lower zone of a base structure, and at the upper end of the core fixed grip with dual walls forming a gap in which is fixed a belt truss element wall structure.

3. Prefabricated building closed type according to claim 1, wherein the docking shaped anchor element located on the inner junction of the wall and Foundation structures, equipped with gussets mounted on a hollow core, comprising three square faconti, four trihedral faconti, the upper two of which are made with shelves and mounted on the hollow core from opposite sides, and the dihedral Fesenko located between these three at the same time, fasolki installed with the possibility of fixing at site six braces and three belt core elements of the Foundation structure, and at the upper end of the core has a seizure, which establishes the waist the core element of the wall structure.

4. Prefabricated building closed type according to claim 1, wherein the docking shaped anchor element located on an external wall junction structure and the structure of the coating, equipped with a system gussets mounted on a hollow core, comprising two Tigran what's faconti and two dihedral of puconci, installed with the possibility of fixing the site of the two diagonals and one lap of the truss element wall structure, and at the upper end of the hollow core fixed flat fasone fastened by means of a Central bolt and gasket from the support table adjacent to the covering, with the gap between the planar fasanmi and the supporting table mounted and fixed on the bolt lugs three belt core elements of the structure of the coating and the connecting element mounting wall plate.

5. Prefabricated building closed type according to claim 1, wherein the docking shaped anchor element located on the inner junction of the wall structure and the structure of the coating, equipped with a system gussets mounted on a hollow core, comprising six triangular gussets, four of which are made with shelves and installed with a gap between the shelves on the opposite faces of the core, and the two flat faconti, at the same time, fasolki installed with the possibility of fixing at site four braces and three waist of the beam elements, the bottom end of the core has a seizure, which establishes the belt truss element wall structure, and at the upper end of the core fixed paired with flat gap of puconci, between which are located and tightened bolts caps riscoswimpfactory coverage.

6. Prefabricated building closed type according to claim 1, wherein the docking shaped anchor element located on the outer ridge of the structure of the coating, equipped with a system gussets mounted on a hollow core, comprising four triangular of fasolki installed with the possibility of fixing the site of the two diagonals and two belt core elements of the structure of the coating, and at the upper end of the core fixed flat fasone fastened by means of a Central bolt and gasket from the support table, on which is supported slab in the ridge, with the gap between the planar fasanmi and the supporting table mounted and fixed on the two bolts belt truss element coating structure.

7. Prefabricated building closed type according to claim 1, wherein the docking shaped anchor element located on the inner ridge of the structure of the coating, equipped with a system gussets mounted on a hollow core, comprising two four-of puconci, four trihedral faconti and four paired with flat gap of fasolki installed with the possibility of fixing at site six braces and four belt core elements of the lower belt coating structure.

8. Prefabricated building closed type according to claim 1, characterized in that mounted on the ends of the buildings stand Fachwerk provided with the end caps, the rack is attached on the bottom to the cross-beams, and on top of the to member shaped anchor elements of the upper belt coating structure.

9. Prefabricated building closed type according to claim 1, characterized in that the wooden core elements of circular cross section made of billet, which is the waste plywood production.

10. Prefabricated building closed type according to claim 1 or 9, characterized in that the wooden trusses are modified synthetic polymers.

11. Prefabricated building closed type according to claim 1, characterized in that the stretched wooden trusses are reinforced glued metal or fiberglass reinforcement.

12. Prefabricated building closed type according to claim 11, characterized in that the rod reinforcement is made in the center section.

13. Prefabricated building closed type according to claim 11, characterized in that the rod reinforcement is made on the perimeter, while reinforcing bars are located in the longitudinal grooves diametrically opposite two or four sides.

14. Prefabricated building closed type according to claim 11, characterized in that the reinforcement is made of metal or fiberglass tube, located on the center section.

15. Prefabricated building closed type according to claim 1, characterized in that a short wooden rod e the cops wall structure made of two round pieces with longitudinal grooves, United through the common end of the tip and the longitudinal plywood dowel glued into the grooves of the workpiece over the entire length, while thorn has a diamond shape with a beveled sharp corners, the shape of the combined grooves of connected blanks.

16. Prefabricated building closed type according to claim 1, characterized in that the gable covering structure includes tightening connecting symmetrically spaced nodes of the lower belt in the same level.

17. Prefabricated building closed type according to claim 1, characterized in that the lattice frame wall structure and/or structure of the coating is thinned bars, and plates in place rarefaction embedded window openings.

18. Prefabricated building closed type according to claim 1, characterized in that the shaped anchor elements, reference tables, tips, items, and fasteners are made of fiberglass.

19. Prefabricated building closed type according to claim 1, characterized in that the covering plate elements are made or oriented strand boards, or plywood, or other sheet materials based on wood.



 

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7 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: wooden precast element comprises at least two longitudinal parts joined to each other by embedded joints, and such parts are arranged in parallel at the specified distance from each other. Embedded links are discretely installed along the length of the precast element in oppositely arranged slots of a rectangular cross section, besides, each slot is cut in the middle part of the longitudinal part and is arranged as continuous along its entire length; fibres of the longitudinal part are aligned along the longitudinal axis of the precast unit, and fibres of embedded links are perpendicular to the direction of vertical fibres of the longitudinal part.

EFFECT: increased stiffness of a wooden element and a cladding structure assembled from specified elements.

19 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method of building construction includes the following: preparation of a foundation and attachment of multiple panels to it. Each panel at least partially forms a building wall. The stage of panel attachment to the foundation includes the preliminary stage of attachment at angle sections of the angular panels connection, having at least two parts installed at the angle to each other and attached to each other at one edge. The method also includes the stage of applying marks onto the foundation, which comply with the walls position. Besides, along the marks to the foundation connection elements are attached, so that they are spaced relative to each other by the specified distance.

EFFECT: higher resistance of building panels during their assembly.

8 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: on an upper rib and a coupled end side of a wooden building element there are jointing accessories in the form of two longitudinal combs, and two longitudinal slots are arranged on a lower rib and a coupled end side. End sides of the building element are arranged in the form of wave-bent matched surfaces with inclined upper and lower sections, where bent surfaces are arranged as reversely symmetrical relative to the longitudinal axis of the element. A building wall is erected on a foundation using a wooden building element, end sides of which are coupled with other building elements in walling by imposition of matching wave-bent surfaces one onto the other, combs and slots of which are joined into locks.

EFFECT: higher strength of a wall structure.

22 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: laminate structure includes outer long lamels, which are connected to each other by means of three short inner lamels of the same thickness and width. Length of extreme inner lamels makes 1/6 of outer lamels width, and the middle inner lamel located in the middle of the structure has the length equal to 2/6 of the length of outer lamels. All inner lamels are displaced relative to outer lamels in vertical plane by value equal to S width, and all elements of structure are connected between each other by means of dowel and laminate joint.

EFFECT: better use of low-quality wood and simplified design.

3 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method for manufacturing of wooden houses consists in the fact that in addition to laying of board layers into massif of panel and crosswise arrangement of boards in neighbouring layers, required external contour of finished element of massive wall is formed at the stage of layers arrangement and fixation with account of roof bevels, as well as required contours of internal openings for windows and doors. Contours for windows and doors are arranged as required relative to external contour of wall element, and then layers are laid into space between external contour of element and contours of windows and doors.

EFFECT: reduced material and labour inputs in manufacturing of houses.

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method for assembly of timber houses includes usage wooden blocks manufactured according to proposed method from boards laid and fixed in layers at the angle to adjacent layers and to axis of block. Blocks are fixed to each other and to adjacent parts by means of labyrinth or stepped joints. Finished blocks of the first floor are fixed to lower and middle row of beams and to each other by application of gluing substances and/or mechanical facilities, cuts are made in blocks for windows and doors before or after assembly of wooden blocks by metric coordinate grid, previously applied at sides of block or by point marking of window or door contours on block. In blocks with number of layers of more than four, at least one of its inner layers is made of heat insulation, fabric or textured material. To erect inner walls of house its vertical ends are arranged as smooth. Elements of house communications are arranged between layers of block, and frame template is used to manufacture blocks.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of construction, efficiency, coefficient of assembly operations unification, quality and viability of finished structure.

13 cl, 20 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly to construct structures including wooden elements.

SUBSTANCE: method involves drilling holes in timbers, logs and other lumber; piercing timbers, logs and other lumber with transversal ties and tensioning thereof with nuts secured to ties; offsetting timbers, logs and other lumber in groups including two or more timbers, logs and other lumber relative previous ones during building erection so that extensions and depressions are formed in walls; applying glue between timbers, logs and other lumber; installing longitudinal ties in slots and connecting ends of each longitudinal tie not terminating at wall ends with one transversal tie; mounting walls on foundation; connecting all walls, intermediate walls and partitions; packing all joints along with mating extensions of one wall with depressions of another one; pressing all building components together with the use of ties and nuts; passing transversal ties through extensions of walls to be connected; tightening all joints by nuts through resilient members with force application thereto and securing floor, ceiling and roof panels to corbels having orifices for ties receiving. Above panels have vertical holes for ties insertion. Floor and corbel are supported by timbers or logs or other lumber. Walls are connected to foundation, floor, ceiling or roof through resilient members by transversal ties or nuts adapted to move in slots due to wood shrinking or becoming wet.

EFFECT: increased tightness of building joints, strength, reliability, service life, improved ecological safety, quality of building finishing, enhanced appearance, reduced time and cost of building erection.

5 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly timber structures.

SUBSTANCE: timber member includes balks with horizontal and vertical bores, liquid distribution pipe and electric slider. Bores are communicated in vertical and horizontal directions. The main bore extends through the full member length and has closed ends. Vertical bores have opened ends.

EFFECT: increased fire resistance and load-bearing capacity.

1 dwg

FIELD: timber building structures, particularly adapted to erect individual houses, namely in severe Siberian climate with taking into consideration family formation traditions of residential population.

SUBSTANCE: wall comprises inner and outer panels. Each panel is composed of several horizontal elongated timber members laid one upon another and fastened one to another. Inserted between inner and outer panels is heat-insulation material. The panels may be formed of poles and fastened in transversal direction by partitions. The partitions are made of pole cuts. The heat-insulation material is mixture of saw dust with slag or with ashes mixed with limewater.

EFFECT: reduced cost of house erected without the use of special building technique and decreased labor power industrial intake, possibility to use in-site building materials and industrial wood residue, improved ecological safety.

5 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly erection of wooden houses in areas characterized by strong winds.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises steel pre-stressed frame control rods adapted for structure tightening to base by anchoring lower control rod ends in foundation and by connecting upper ends thereof to structure top. The control rods are provided with spring-loaded clutches, which create and regulate tightening force applied to control rods. The control rods are formed of chains, which provide control rod length change for value equal to chain length. Upper control rod ends are connected to upper parts of roof timbers connected to log house. Spring-loaded clutch formed of steel pipe is provided with manual regulation lever, orifice for above lever installation and disc spring set.

EFFECT: prevention of stability losses and separation of joints between log house timber sets under the action of strong wind and as a result of natural log house shrinkage.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly to erect buildings of elongated timber members.

SUBSTANCE: building wall includes profiled beams laid one on another and provided with dovetail spikes formed on beam surfaces. The beams create inner and outer vertical wall rows. Opposite beams of each row are mutually displaced in vertical plane and interlocked with each other by means of spikes created along inner joining surfaces thereof so that elongated labyrinth joint is formed. The labyrinth joint provides good thermal insulation of the wall.

EFFECT: improved service characteristics due to wind-resistant joints creation without the use of heating materials, reduced source material costs due to usage of building structure, which provides necessary thickness of wall formed of thin beams, as well as reduced costs of beam production and mounting due to reduced beam weight.

5 cl, 1 dwg

Building // 2287643

FIELD: building, particularly building structure members.

SUBSTANCE: building comprises outer walls, inner walls, floor panels and roof panels including wooden panel members, namely outer and inner ones. The inner and outer wooden panel members are secured in spaced apart relation by spacing members. The wooden panel members are solid in at least one direction. The wooden panel members have predetermined dimensions and predetermined edge profiles. Cavities are defined between inner and outer panel members. Arranged in the cavities are fittings to be connected to heating or cooling systems. Cavities defined in outer wall panels, inner wall panel members, floor panels and/or roof panels communicate with each other through orifices formed in connection area between floor panel and outer wall in floor panel edge area. The orifices connect cavities in floor panel with that of outer wall. Above communication between cavities is also provided by means of orifices located in cave area between outer wall and roof in one roof panel. Above orifices connect cavities of outer wall with that of roof panels.

EFFECT: possibility to create building having arbitrary room location of wooden panel members.

24 cl, 41 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly wooden structures of profiled beams.

SUBSTANCE: wooden building comprises double-length beam of square cross-section. The beam comprises installation slots formed in each beam side and mating member, which provides connection of the same beam lengths to previous one. The mating member is formed as board with support projections on one board side. The projections define trapezes in cross-sections, which provide plane and inclined surfaces alternating during serial beam stacking. Mating member having greater length is laid on beam with lesser length and corresponding beam width having corner and other connections. Next beam is laid on mating member having the same length.

EFFECT: increased reliability of beam tightness and junction with each other in corner and other connection areas without transversal member forming at beam ends.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the sphere of construction technologies and immediately deals with glued wooden structures. The suggested method of pre-tension of glued wooden packages in the across-grain direction presupposes their compression with the help of steel rods. The element of novelty consists in applying to the wooden package being forced together a pressure of 0.5 MPa with the help of steel rods gummed down inside the pre-drilled holes arranged along the whole of the package length (the spacing being equal to 300-500 mm.). The length of the rods is equal to the package width with due allowance for its eventual reduction after application of force-together pressure.

EFFECT: minimisation of material and labour expenditures related to pre-tension of glued wooden packages in the across-grain direction without distortion of their overall dimensions.

3 ex

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: individual wooden steam bath includes washing and steaming rooms, recreation room, furnace, which are installed on foundations, has heat insulating screen and partitions, doors, windows and ceilings performed with increased heat resistance. Besides, it is equipped with sewage floor drain under washing room, provided with drain tube that supplies to external drain tank, and vertical heat insulating wall arranged under partition in the zone between recreation room on the one side and washing and steaming rooms on the other side. Heat insulating screen is made as 0.2-0.3 m thick and is installed under washing and steaming rooms as wall lying on foundation. At that inside in zone of washing and steaming rooms, base part of foundation of external walls is equipped with heat insulating walls.

EFFECT: improvement of thermal shielding and preservation of temperature-moisture mode inside the device.

5 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to construction industry, and namely to timber constructions erection methods. Construction is made from machined wooden planks which are put one onto the other along the whole construction's perimeter. Required construction height is reached step by step. In this case planks of the subsequent row overlap the joints of preceding row at interface points. Adhesive coat is applied to each row of planks. Erected construction is held under pressure until adhesive coat is cured.

EFFECT: manufacturing of solid wooden block construction under workshop conditions and providing its strength.

4 dwg

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