Printed article for high resolution and depth image reconstruction

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: printed article has a substrate, having an upper surface and a lower surface; a graphic image layer having a plurality of images printed on at least one surface of the substrate; and a plurality of polygonal lenses printed on at least one surface of the substrate above the graphic image layer. The polygonal lenses are colourless, magnifying convex lenses. The printed lenses have a height between 0.0001 and 0.005 inch, width between 0.0005 and 0.01 inch when viewed from above and distance between the lenses between 0.0005 and 0.01 inch.

EFFECT: high image definition.

7 cl, 11 dwg

 

The LEVEL of TECHNOLOGY

The present invention relates to printed products, which reproduces the image, which may include the combined image. These printed products can be a secured credit card, trading cards, greeting cards, signs, posters, labels, tags, book covers, decorative panels, nameplates, visual indicators, and similar Printed products can reproduce or to project the combined image, magnified by the many colorless geometric lenses, printed or formed on top of the fine graphic image. This combined image can create a visual illusion of depth, volume, presence of latent images or movement. The combined image can give the printed product identifiable characteristics that cannot be easily copied (for example, holographic images, hidden images, etc.).

In order to attract the attention of consumers, many products are manufactured with images that provide individual or sensual visual representation. To meet this demand, we developed a variety of printing technologies to create an aesthetically pleasing visual effects, such as the focusing depth, volume and movement. In addition, currently, the prior art various methods that allow you to create hidden or latent image, and three-dimensional images on two-dimensional media. These hidden or latent image may become visible only when viewed two-dimensional carrier at an angle.

In addition, the use of hidden or latent images, or three-dimensional images can be useful to avoid fakes, when these images may not be copied in the usual way. The only way to copy the appearance and effect of a floating or a latent image is reverse engineering the actual printed product, including, as examples, graphic and optical layers.

One of the ways to create three-dimensional images includes the imprinting of two offset images in different colors on an opaque or transparent sheet, and using these images, using special glass glasses having left and right lenses that meet these different colors in the image. This method is limited by the fact that in order to see the visual effect, the observer should consider the image, usually through special glasses.

Another way of achieving three-dimensional and animated visual representation is implemented through the use of systems for forming images based on lenticular lenses or lens structures. In these systems over the colorless plastic substrate structure is formed parallel convex lenses, in which parallel lenses increase the areas printed underneath the image. Considering the substrate at different angles, the observer sees different sharply focused areas located underneath the image so that one angle you can see the whole image or picture, but under a different angle you can see a different image. This can cause a number of visual effects, such as three-dimensional image, a simple transformation (conversion) of the image And to the image or the Multiview when you switch from one angle to another, you can see a number of images, giving the impression that he sees a video with moving images. Despite the many possible effects, these systems have had limited success due to the very high production costs and material costs. System current level of technology is limited in the fact that they can use pre-made sheets of lenses, not lenses that are imprinted directly on a selected area of the graphic image.

U.S. patent No. 6856462 and 6833960 (hereinafter called matched with the public "'462-th" and "'960-St") describe the lenticular system imaging. Both the patent and the '462-th, and '960-th describe the print or the formation of the structure of the lens that contains many linear or circular forms, if you look at the top plane. However, the lenticular system disclosed in the '462 and '960-m patents are limited in that they use lenses linear or circular form. The clarity of the combined image formed by the lens structure will be proportional to the amount of material employed magnifying lens relative to the amount of material "novelicious" space located between the material employed magnifying lenses. Therefore, it is desirable that the lens inside the lattice were "Packed" as much as possible. However valid the mutual proximity of the lenses will be limited to "merge", which may occur after the lens matrix (structure) is printed but before it is cured. "The merge" occurs when the surface tension imprinted lenses is not enough to prevent the merger of the lens with one or more adjacent lenses to their cure. The merger destroys the uniformity of the grating lenses. Accordingly, the lens must be located in the lattice or matrix in such a way as to include the space between adjacent lenses in order to avoid merging. The geometry and positioning of the lenses described in elem is ntah should be selected to maximize the percentage of area with magnifying lenses and minimizing "novelicious" areas within a set of lenses, due to the fact that it exists.

In addition, it is desirable to maximize the height (or thickness) of the lens structure (lattice) to maximize the increase. The permissible height of the lenses will also be limited due to "merge" is when the surface tension of the liquid used for forming lenses, will not allow the lens to have excessive height without having to avoid merging. Therefore, the geometry and positioning of the lenses in the above items must be selected, in addition, and subject to maximize the allowable height of the lenses.

Lens linear and circular forms do not allow you to achieve these stated goals. Linear lenses are of limited use in lenticular systems, because they focus only in the forward direction and create additional difficulties associated with obtaining the desired height of the lenses. The lens in a circular form have the disadvantage that their curved shape is not possible to achieve a configuration with the closest "packaging" within the lattice of the lens and, in addition, and in view of the need of exception "merge".

U.S. patent No. 5800907 reveals the body of the lens or products with lenses, which are manufactured by coating the surface of the substrate "lissotrichous guide line". Lissotrichous guide lines are used to create on the surface under which Oki master grating, then this template grid is applied lissotrichous resin. Lissotrichous resin is insoluble in the material used to create "lissotrichous guide lines, and forms a lens inside the gaps of the template grid after the master grating is covered isoformula resin. By itself, the patent '907 does not disclose whether the lens is applied directly to the image (or microreserve image) on the surface of the substrate or printed on it. In addition, "lissotrichous guidelines" patent '907 increase the complexity and cost of the manufacturing methods disclosed in its products.

The present invention achieves these objectives and overcomes the aforementioned limitations of the existing prior art the use of transparent polygonal lenses marked on the image (or microreserve image) on the surface of the substrate or printed on it. Printed products and technique of forming images using a lenticular lens using transparent polygonal lenses produce images with high resolution and depth.

References made in this description to any device current level of technology, are not and should not be taken as an acknowledgement or any form of pre the provisions what is the device current level of technology is a part of the common General knowledge in any jurisdiction or that it is reasonable to expect that the device current level of technology can be defined, understood or considered by the expert in the art as relevant.

The INVENTION

Disclosed products, which include graphics and printed polygonal lens for graphic reproduction. Printed polygonal lenses are colorless polygonal lenses that can project a composite image formed from a graphic image.

In some embodiments of the disclosed products include printed products and lenticular system imaging. These products may include: (a) a substrate having a top surface and a bottom surface; (b) a layer of a graphical image containing an image printed on at least one surface of the substrate; and (C) a set of polygonal lenses formed or printed on at least one surface of the substrate over the layer of graphic images (i.e. polygonal lenses, which are colorless increasing convex lenses). The layer of the graphic image may include graphy is a mini-image and separate microreserve image which can contain many duplicate images in a grid or matrix. The product may include a colorless layer formed or printed on top of the layer of the graphic image on which is formed or printed many polygonal lenses. In some embodiments of each of a variety of polygonal lenses separately formed or printed on the layer of graphic images or colorless layer.

Many printed polygonal lenses may be arranged in a grid or matrix, which corresponds to a set of duplicate images micrometrology image. Many printed polygonal lenses can create a combined image formed by a magnifying parts of the set of duplicate images. In some embodiments of the lattice or matrix of images usually includes parallel rows of duplicate images, and the lattice or matrix of polygonal lenses usually includes parallel rows of lenses, in which the frequency of the recurring images is different from the frequency of the lenses.

In preferred embodiments of polygonal lenses are selected from hexagonal lenses and rectangular lenses (for example, square lenses, rectangular lens, diamond-shaped lens or lenses "diamond" shape). what more preferably, - polygonal lenses include hexagonal lenses. In some embodiments of lenses imprinted directly on the layer of graphic images. In other embodiments of layer on top of the graphic image is colorless layer, and the lens is printed directly onto the colorless layer.

In some embodiments of the printing lens can be cross-sectional polukrugom or sickle. In other embodiments of the printing lens in cross section can be essentially flat. For example, the lenses may have a top surface, at least 50% of the area of the surface which is essentially parallel to the substrate surface.

Disclosed here products usually include a layer of graphics. The layer of graphic images can be printed on the upper surface, the lower surface or on both surfaces of the substrate. In some embodiments of the layer of the graphic image comprises a grid or matrix of images, which may include microreserve image. This lattice or matrix may include regular layout duplicate graphic image in one plane or in a greater number of planes. Image lattice or matrix can be evenly distributed in ogneuporami or more planes (e.g., in the horizontal and/or vertical).

Disclosed here products usually contain many printed polygonal lenses, which can be arranged as a grid or matrix, and may include micrometrology structure lenses. Lenses lattice or matrix can be evenly distributed in one plane or more planes (e.g., horizontal and/or vertical). In some embodiments of the lattice polygonal lenses can be focused over a grid of images so that each lens has increased the area of the image and reproduces at least one combined image, which is formed from each of the enlarged image. In some embodiments of the combined image is displayed above the upper surface of the substrate. In other embodiments of the combined image is displayed below the top surface of the substrate. In the following embodiments of disclosed here products when considering products from different angles can play different images. Different images may include images of different colors. The grating lens or the matrix may have the frequency (i.e. the number of lenses per inch vertically and/or horizontally), which is the same as astate lattice images (i.e., the number of images per unit length vertically and/or horizontally) or differs from it.

In some embodiments of disclosed here products include grid or matrix printed lenses as an ordered arrangement in which the lens is present in the lattice or matrix with the selected frequency. For example, a lattice or matrix printed lenses may include a series of evenly spaced lenses at a certain linear distance in the same plane or in a greater number of planes (for example, 100 lenses per linear inch horizontally and/or vertically). In addition, disclosed here for the products may include an array of images as an ordered arrangement of images that occur with some frequency. For example, a lattice or matrix of images may include a series of evenly spaced images on a certain linear distance in the same plane or in a greater number of planes (for example, 100 images per linear inch horizontally and/or vertically, forming a "MICROMASTER" images). In some embodiments of the frequency of the printing lens is different from the frequency of the images. For example, the frequency of printing lenses can be smaller or larger than the frequency of the images. In other embodiments of the frequency of the printing lens is the same as the frequency of the images(which may be preferably in the case when observing from different angles of the product are reproduced images, and are colored differently).

Printed lenses lattice or matrix can be configured to have a selected width and height. In some embodiments of lenses are hexagonal and have an average width (W) from one side to the other, when viewed from above, from 0.0005 to 0,0100 inch (i.e. from 12.7 to 254 microns), and the average height (H) (i.e. the maximum thickness at the center or "arrow convexity") from about 0.0001 to 0,0050 inch (2,54 to 127 microns). In other embodiments of the ratio of the average height (M) average width (W) is at least about 0.1, preferably at least about 0,2; 0,3; 0,4; 0,5; 0,6; 0,7; 0,8; 0,9 or 1.0).

Printed lenses lattice or matrix may be configured in such a way that they had inside the lattice of the selected period. In some embodiments of the printed lenses have an average gap (S) in the lattice from about 0.0005 to 0,0100 inch (i.e. from 12.7 to 254 microns). In other embodiments of the lens (or at least part of the lens) is at least about 50% of the surface lattice or matrix, and not more than 50% of the surface lattice or matrix is "dead space" (i.e. the space not occupied by the lens, or at least part of the lens). Still other embodiments of lenses comprise at least about 60%, 70%, 80% or 90% of the surface lattice or matrix, and no more than about 40%, 30%, 20% or 10% of the surface lattice or matrix is "dead space". Further, in other embodiments of the ratio of the average period (S) of lenses inside the lattice or matrix to the average width (W) of the lens inside the lattice or matrix is not more than about 1.0, preferably not more than about 0,9; 0,8; 0,7; 0,6; 0,5; 0,4; 0,3; 0,2 or 0.1).

Printed lenses are usually convex and focus the parallel light beams in a main point of focus, and the distance from the lens to the focal point is the focal length (f) of the lens. In some embodiments of the printed lenses have a medium focal length approximately 0,0010 to 0,0500 inches (25.4 to 1270 microns). In other embodiments of the ratio of the average height (H) to the middle focal length (f) is at least about 0.1, preferably at least about 0,2; 0,3; 0,4 or 0,5).

Lenses can be printed on the substrate, having an average width, which is approaching the focal length (f) of the lens. In some implementations, the substrate can have an average width of approximately 0,0010 to 0,0500 inches (25.4 to 1270 microns).

Products may include additional components. For example, the product may further include a transparent layer, formed on, p is at least one surface of the substrate (for example, on the surface above the layer of graphic images).

Disclosed here products may include the second layer graphics on at least one surface of the substrate. For example, the second layer of the graphic image may contain a second graphic image (for example, microsurgeries) or the second lattice images (for example, the second microreserve image) in addition to the first grid of images present on the first layer of the graphic image. On the second layer of the graphic image may or may not be formed in a lattice or matrix of lenses. The grating lens may have a frequency that is less than, the same as or greater than the frequency of the second lattice images present on the second layer of the graphic image.

The substrate described products may be opaque, translucent, semi-transparent or fully transparent. On the choice of the substrate comprises a colorless or fully transparent layer formed on the layer of the graphic image.

In addition, there is disclosed lenticular system imaging. Such a system may include: (a) a substrate having a top surface and a bottom surface; (b) a layer of a graphical image containing many images formed on at mereoni the surface of the substrate; and (C) a set of polygonal lenses formed on at least one surface of the substrate layer on top of the graphic image, and a polygonal lenses are colorless increasing convex lenses, which focus on a variety of images so that each lens magnifies the image reproducing at least one combined image. Multiple images may include a grid or matrix of images. Multiple lenses may include a grid or matrix of lenses. The image and the lens can be formed using methods, which may include printing, embossing, gluing procedure and stamping.

In addition, there are disclosed methods of forming the disclosed here products. In some embodiments of methods of forming the disclosed here products contain: (a) printing a layer of the graphic image containing a grid or matrix of images on at least one surface of the substrate; optionally, forming a colorless or fully transparent layer on top of the layer of the graphic image, and (b) the formation or printing a grid or matrix of polygonal lenses on at least one surface of the substrate layer on top of the graphic image, and a polygonal lenses are colorless uvelichivali and convex lenses. The product may include polygonal lenses are selected from the group consisting of hexagonal lenses, lenses square shape, rectangular lenses and lenses diamond shape, preferably hexagonal lenses). Polygonal lenses can be semi-circular, in the form of a sickle or essentially flat. Usually these methods are produced, in which the lattice or matrix of polygonal lenses are focused on arrays or matrices of images so that each lens magnifies the image to play at least one combined image, as disclosed in this text.

Methods of forming the disclosed here products preferably include steps in which minimized the fill or overflow the printed lenses, the leakage of the printing lens, uneven or undesirable spreading of the printed lenses, digital errors, mechanical errors, and, optionally, the "dead space" within the lattice. In some embodiments of the gratings printed lenses are oriented in parallel rows, in which the printed lenses one row is shifted by the angle (θ1) relative to the printing lens adjacent rows. The orientation or angle θ1parallel rows of printing elements in the printing process can be adjusted or selected relative to the direction of the viewers is controlled errors to minimize or compensate for these errors, as described previously. Examples of such errors associated with the direction of printing include printing, shearing, surface displacement, the error due to etching of the surface of the anilox or printing rollers, the error output of the film and the errors of the digital processing of the bitmap.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION of DRAWINGS

Figure 1 is an enlarged view in cross section of a variant of implementation of the print product produced in accordance with the present invention.

Figure 2 is a perspective view of the top left angle of 30° protected credit card, made in accordance with the present invention.

Figure 3 is a perspective view of the upper right angle of 30° protected credit card, made in accordance with the present invention.

Figure 4 is a greatly enlarged top view micrometrology image obtained in accordance with the present invention.

Figure 5 is a greatly enlarged top view transparent hexagonal lenses formed in accordance with the present invention.

6 is a view in cross section of a printed product in accordance with another variant of realization of the present invention having a transparent layer on senny over micrometrology image and a transparent lens.

Fig.7 is a view in cross section of a printed product in accordance with another variant of realization of the present invention, in which microreserve image printed on one surface of the transparent substrate, and a transparent lens is printed on the opposite side of the transparent substrate.

Fig is a top view of a printed product in accordance with one implementation of the present invention, in which when considering his angle shows the appearance of the latent image.

Fig.9 is a top view of the product on Fig with the latent image, when viewed at an angle from above.

Figure 10 is a view in cross section of another variant of implementation of the present invention, which shows essentially flat clear lens.

Fig. 11 is a view in cross section of another variant of implementation of the present invention, which shows clear lens, printed on the upper surface of the transparent substrate, and microbacteria image printed on the lower surface of this transparent substrate.

DETAILED description of the INVENTION

Disclosed is further the object of the invention is described using several definitions, as discussed below and throughout the description.

Unless otherwise defined or not in asana in the context the terms define the singular objects, means "one or more".

In the sense, as they are used herein, those of ordinary skill in the art will understand the terms "about", "approximately", "essentially" and "significantly", which depending on the context in which they are used, will to some extent be changed. In the case of such usages of the term, which will not be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art, bearing in mind the context in which they are used, the expression "about", "approximately" shall mean plus or minus ≤10% of the particular term, and the expression "essentially" and "substantially" shall mean plus or minus >10% of the particular term.

In the sense as used here, the terms "includes" and "include" have the same meaning as the terms "contain" and "contains".

In the same sense as it is used here, the polygon is a plane figure bounded by three or more straight line segments or "parties", in which these parties are connected in three corners, or in a greater number of angles, and the number of angles corresponds to the number of sides. As such, "polygon" shape is flat multilateral closed figure. Polygons may include triangles (or tripartite f is Gora), quadrilaterals (or quadrilateral shapes, pentagons, hexagons, semipelite, octagons, etc. Quadrilaterals may include squares and rectangles, which have four sides, bound in four straight corners. Quadrilaterals can also include diamonds (i.e. polygons having the shape of a diamond or parallelogram)that does not contain four straight angle. In the sense as it is used here, the term "polygon" does not include a circular shape (i.e. a point) or an elongated circular shape such as an oval shape or a tubular shape. In its cross-section disclosure here lenses can be in the form of a semicircle, sickle-shaped or substantially flat shape (see Figure 10). The lens, which in its cross section "essentially flat"may have a top surface, at least 50% of which is approximately parallel to the surface of the substrate. For the remaining part of the upper surface is approximately flat area to the point where the top surface is connected with the surface of the substrate, the lens may include a curvature (i.e., the curvature along the periphery of the lens). Essentially flat surface of the lens prevents the increase in the structural image when viewed from above. The curvature along the periphery of the lens creates an increase in the underlying structural is zobrazenie only when this structural image is examined under essentially a sloped angle. Thus, when the printed product is viewed from above, there appears to be no combined image, and when the angle is changed to essentially inclined, manifests the latent image containing increased structural parts of the image.

Disclosed here products typically include many images that can be arranged in a grid or matrix of images and can be microbacterium image. In some embodiments of these images can be arranged in offset parallel lines (see, for example, Figure 4, which shows the lattice image of balloons arranged in parallel lines that are displaced horizontally by 50%). In addition, disclosed here products usually include a variety of polygonal lenses, which can be arranged in a grid or matrix of lenses and can be located in offset parallel lines (see, for example, Figure 5, which shows the lattice of hexagonal lenses arranged in parallel lines that are displaced horizontally by 50%).

The frequency of the lenses in the lattice can be less than, the same as or greater than the frequency of the images in the grid. In some embodiments of the of inzy can reproduce a composite image above or below the surface layer of the graphic image. In other embodiments of the lens can play a different image when the product is viewed from different angles, or differently colored image when the product is viewed from different angles.

In some embodiments of disclosed here products each printed lens in the lattice or matrix can increase the area of the image inside the lattice images so that the enlarged plots were formed composite. A larger image can be three-dimensional image that "POPs up" over or under the surface of the substrate. In order to increase the areas of the image inside the lattice images, usually grid printed lens has a frequency that differs from the frequency of the images inside the lattice images. In fact, as it is used here, the term "frequency" means the number of images formed on the linear segment of the lattice images. Similarly, "frequency" means the number of printing lenses that occur on the linear segment of the grating lenses. For example, the grid of images may include about 100 images per linear inch (horizontally, vertically or in both directions). Similarly, the grating lens may include about 100 lenses per linear inch (horizontally, vertically or in both directions). However, in order to form a combined image, usually the frequency of the grating images must be different from the frequency of the grating lenses. This leads to the fact that each lens grating is shifted with respect to each image grid. If the frequency of the images is less than the frequency of the lenses (for example, 99 per inch against 100 per inch, respectively), the combined image will be inverted and will seem to pop up above the surface of the substrate. If the frequency of the image is greater than the frequency of the lenses (for example, 100 per inch against 99 per inch, respectively), the combined image may appear a pop-up behind the surface of the substrate. In some embodiments of the appropriate frequency for grid images and lenses may include 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103 or 104 images and lenses per inch, while the frequency of the grating image and the frequency of the grating lenses may be the same or different.

Graphics and lenses can be deposited on a substrate by any suitable means. For example, in some embodiments of the graphical image and the lens can be applied using methods that include printing, embossing, gluing procedure, stamping, or a combination of both. Graphic images can be printed using one selected method (e.g., printing), and whether the threat can be applied, using the same or a different method (e.g., embossing). Printing methods may include lithography, flexography, screen printing, etc.

Disclosed here products may include additional components, for example, can be printed, completed, embossing, gluing procedure or by stamping on these products. In some ways the implementation of the disclosed articles may include printed articles containing substrate having a top surface with microbacterium image and optionally includes additional graphical image. Additional graphic image may include a second picture image (for example, the second microreserve image) or may include one or more non-raster images (for example, microsurgeries). Optional printed microbacterium image (and on additional graphic image and the second pattern image, if they are present) may be formed or imprinted or completely colorless transparent layer. Over these images formed or imprinted with the multitude of transparent polygonal lenses, with lots of transparent polygonal lens is located above microbacterium(s) picture(s) and optional graphic image. The frequency display is raised in microbacterium(s) picture(s) and frequency transparent polygonal lenses in multiple lenses may be selected such that if each individual clear lens increased the area of the image in the first microbacterium image and, optionally, the second microreserve image, where additional graphical image includes a second microreserve image. When viewed from above, many transparent lens can reproduce a composite image formed from the enlarged sections of the first micrometrology image and, optionally, the second micrometrology image. The combined image or images may be different and seem to "pop-up" above or below the surface of the substrate. In some embodiments of additional graphical image may contain a second microreserve image that has a frequency that differs from the frequency of the first micrometrology image. In further embodiments of the lens can play many different images, if the products are considered from different angles. Many different images may include differently colored images and/or image having a different form.

The present invention overcomes the limitations of existing devices of the prior art by using a transparent polygonal lenses. Disclosed here polygonal lenses can IP olsavica to maximize the density increase of the material in the lattice or matrix of lenses. Additionally, previously printed thicker transparent lenses parallel lines can now be compensated for with the exception of the angles of parallel rows of lenses, running perpendicular to the direction of the print output device and/or digital adjustment of the thickness and pitch of the parallel rows of lenses, which will be printed in the output printing device in a direction perpendicular to the output printing devices. The choice of angles for a variety of transparent polygonal lenses prevent a merger or Association between a transparent lenses can guarantee that the printed product will have a sharp and clear image. The choice of the angles of a multitude of transparent polygonal lens height and/or thickness of the lens can be increased without any merging. In addition, for the same comparative height and thickness of the lens distance between the lenses can also be reduced while minimizing the risk that a drop of dye corresponding to adjacent lenses, merged or will merge into each other. This increases the visual effect of three-dimensionality increasing concentration in this area of the magnifying lens relative to the "novelicious" space between the transparent polygonal lenses.

Additionally, there is certain geometric forms that can be printed even more Blimber is to each other without merging. Lines and dots can be printed only remotely from one another, so that the surface tension and mechanical shear forces that occur during the printing process, did not cause merge together transparent lenses. Normally, when you print a circular dots of a transparent dye to prevent them from merging requires from thirty to forty percent of the area between the lenses, not occupied points. This leads to the presence in the printed products thirty-coronarienne "novelicious" square. Create and print a lens of some geometric shapes, such as hexagons, allows you to have the same intervals that the lens has a circular shape, but with the opposition of the forces of surface tension, which usually cause the merger circle dot lenses. In addition, the print hex lens effectively reduces novelicious" square with thirty to forty percent to fifteen to twenty percent "novelicious" square, with hexagonal lenses can be "sealed" with a lower unoccupied lens space than circular spot of the lens. When the underlying microreserve the image is scaled by the corresponding lattice or matrix of hexagonal lenses, this leads to more tangible three-dimensional effects.

It was also found that the angles of the rows of transparent lenses and geometric shapes sa is their lenses are prone to errors, due to the relative direction of printing, changes, surface displacements, by etching the surface of the anilox or printing rollers, the accuracy of the conclusion of the film, the errors of the digital raster image, as well as errors caused by surface tension. You can find special geometric shapes and angles for the parallel rows of transparent lenses, minimizing and compensating these errors in order to achieve previously unreachable heights lenses and tight compaction of transparent lenses, except for the leaking, pouring and spreading of the dye texture.

ILLUSTRATIVE implementations

Following the embodiments are illustrative and are not to limit the scope of the claimed subject matter.

Option 1. Printed product, comprising: (a) a substrate having a top surface; (b) a graphic image, formed on the top surface of the said substrate; (C) microreserve the image formed above the upper surface of the said substrate; and (d) the set colorless geometric lenses formed above the surface of the graphic image, in which the said lot colorless geometric lens is located above mentioned graphic image and providing utim microbacterium image, these colorless geometric lenses are in semicircular cross-section and plan - when viewed from above is formed by hexagons, circles, shapes, diamond shapes, squares or rectangles, and mentioned many colorless geometric lens is oriented above mentioned microbacterium the image so that each individual colorless geometric lens increases the area mentioned micrometrology image in such a way that many colorless geometric lens increases and combines numerous areas mentioned microraster, reproducing the combined image, which when viewed from different directions are reproduced in various areas mentioned printed products.

Option 2 implementation. Printed product, comprising: (a) a substrate having a top surface; (b) a graphic image, formed on the top surface of the said substrate; (C) microreserve the image formed above the upper surface of the said substrate; and (d) a transparent layer formed over the top surface of the mentioned micrometrology image; and (e) the set colorless geometric lenses formed above the surface of the graphic image, in which the said lot colorless GE the metric lens is located above mentioned graphical image and the above-mentioned microbacterium image, these colorless geometric lenses are cross-sectional polukrugom, but in terms of - when viewed from above is formed by hexagons, circles, shapes, diamond shapes, squares or rectangles, and mentioned many colorless geometric lens is oriented above mentioned microbacterium the image so that each individual colorless geometric lens increases the area mentioned micrometrology image in such a way that many colorless geometric lens combines numerous areas mentioned microraster, reproducing the combined image, which when viewed from different directions are reproduced in various areas mentioned printed products.

Embodiment 3. Printed product, comprising: (a) a transparent substrate having front and rear surfaces; (b) microreserve image is first formed on the rear surface of the said substrate; and (C) the set colorless geometric lenses, printed on the surface of the graphic image, in which the said lot colorless geometric lens is located above mentioned graphical image and the above-mentioned microbacterium image, these colorless geometric lenses are in the ass is enom section polukrugom, but in terms of - when viewed from above is formed by hexagons, circles, shapes, diamond shapes, squares or rectangles, and mentioned many colorless geometric lens is oriented above mentioned microbacterium the image so that each individual colorless geometric lens increases the area mentioned micrometrology image in such a way that many colorless geometric lens combines numerous areas mentioned microraster, reproducing the combined image, which when viewed from different directions are reproduced in various areas mentioned printed products.

Embodiment 4. The printed product is the same as in the embodiments of 1-3, in which the mentioned colorless geometric lens in its cross-section are essentially flat for the most part of the surface referred to colorless geometric lens and being curved around the circumference of the geometric shape, so that the mentioned microreserve image printed under this colorless geometric lens does not increase when considering the above, however, when viewed at angles, essentially different from the vertical curvature mentioned colorless geometric lens on the periphery increases mentioned micro the Aster image, reproducing the latent image.

Embodiment 5. The method of forming a printed product, the method includes the steps of (a) providing a substrate having a top surface; (b) forming a graphic image on the upper surface of the said substrate; (C) forming micrometrology image on the upper surface of the said substrate; (d) forming a structured grid set colorless geometric lenses formed above the surface of the graphic image; and (e) forming referred colorless geometric lenses so that they cross-section were semicircular, as in the plan - viewed from above is formed by hexagons, circles, shapes, diamond shapes squares or rectangles; (f) positioning mentioned many colorless geometric lenses mentioned above graphic image and the above-mentioned microbacterium image; and (g) orientation mentioned many colorless geometric lenses mentioned above microbacterium image so that each individual colorless geometric lens increased the area mentioned micrometrology image so that many colorless geometric lenses combined numerous areas mentioned microraster, play the Dublin core combined image, which when viewed from different directions would be reproduced in the various areas mentioned printed products.

Embodiment 6. The method of forming a printed product, the method includes the steps of (a) providing a substrate having a top surface; (b) forming a graphic image on the upper surface of the said substrate; (C) forming micrometrology image on the upper surface of the said substrate; (d) applying a transparent layer on the top surface mentioned micrometrology image; (e) forming a structured grid set colorless geometric lenses formed above the surface of the graphic image; (f) forming referred colorless geometric lenses so that they cross-section were polukrugom, but in terms of - when the top is formed by hexagons, circles, shapes, diamond shapes, squares or rectangles; (g) positioning the said set colorless geometric lenses mentioned above graphic image and the above-mentioned microbacterium image; and (h) orientation mentioned many colorless geometric lenses mentioned above microbacterium image so that each individual colorless geometric lens increased ucast is mentioned micrometrology image thus so many colorless geometric lenses combined numerous areas mentioned microraster, reproducing the combined image, which when viewed from different directions would be reproduced in the various areas mentioned printed products.

Embodiment 7. The method of forming a printed product, the method includes the steps of (a) providing a transparent substrate having front and rear surfaces; (b) forming a graphic image over the back surface of the aforementioned transparent substrate; (C) forming micrometrology image on top of the rear surface of the said substrate; and (d) forming a structured grid set colorless geometric lenses, printed over the front surface of the transparent substrate; (e) forming referred colorless geometric lenses so that they cross-section were polukrugom, but in terms of - when viewed from above is formed by hexagons, circles, shapes, diamond shapes, squares or rectangles; (f) positioning mentioned many colorless geometric lenses mentioned above graphic image and the above-mentioned microbacterium image; and (g) orientation mentioned many colorless geometric lenses mentioned above, microraster the first image so to each individual colorless geometric lens increased the area mentioned micrometrology image so that many colorless geometric lenses combined numerous areas mentioned microraster, reproducing the combined image, which when viewed from different directions would be reproduced in the various areas mentioned printed products.

Embodiment 8. The method of forming a printed product, the same as any of the options 4-7, in which colorless geometric lens is formed so that its cross section are essentially flat for the most part the surface of colorless geometric lens and being curved along a circumferential surface of its geometric shape, and which further comprises the step of forming micrometrology image below mentioned colorless geometric lenses, which does not increase when considering the above and also the formation of a curvature of a circumferential surface of the mentioned geometric lenses to increase mentioned micrometrology image with the objective manifestations of the latent image when viewed at angles essentially other than vertical.

Embodiment 9. Printed product, comprising: (a) a substrate, having the Yu top surface and the bottom surface; (b) a layer of a graphical image containing many images printed on at least one surface of the substrate; (d) the set of polygonal lenses printed on at least one surface of the substrate layer on top of the graphic image, in which the polygonal lenses are colorless increasing convex lenses.

Embodiment 10. The printed product on implementation variant 9, wherein a set of polygonal lenses contains polygonal lenses are selected from the group consisting of hexagonal lenses, square lenses, rectangular lenses and a diamond-shaped lenses.

Embodiment 11. The printed product on implementation variant 10, in which the polygonal lenses are hexagonal lenses.

Embodiment 12. The printed product according to any one of the implementation options 9-11, in which the polygonal lenses in the cross-section is semicircular.

Embodiment 13. The printed product according to any one of the implementation options 9-12, in which the polygonal lenses in the cross section are essentially flat.

Embodiment 14. The printed product according to any one of the implementation options 9-13, wherein a set of images contains microreserve image.

Embodiment 15. The printed product according to any one of the implementation options 9-14, in which many, many who ogolnych lens is focused on a variety of images each lens magnifies the image to play at least one combined image.

Embodiment 16. The printed product according to any one of the implementation options 9-15, in which multiple lenses are printed on the substrate separately.

Embodiment 17. The printed product according to any one of the implementation options 9-16, wherein a set of images contains a grid or matrix of images, and a variety of lenses contains a lattice or matrix of lenses.

Embodiment 18. The printed product according to the variant of realization 17, in which the lattice or matrix of lenses has a frequency lenses, grating image has a frequency images, and the frequency of the lenses is greater than the frequency of the image.

Embodiment 19. The printed product according to the variant of realization 17, in which the lattice or matrix of lenses has a frequency lenses, grating image has a frequency images, and the frequency of the lenses is less than the frequency of the image.

Embodiment 20. The printed product according to the variant of realization 17, in which the lattice or matrix of lenses has a frequency lenses, grating image has a frequency images, and the frequency of the lenses is the same as the frequency of the image.

Embodiment 21. The printed product according to the variant of realization 17, in which the lattice or matrix of images contains microreserve image.

Option d is implementation 22. The printed product according to any one of the implementation options 9-21, further containing (d) a second layer of the graphic image printed on at least one surface of the substrate.

Embodiment 23. The printed product according to any one of the implementation options 9-22, in which the substrate is transparent.

Embodiment 24. The printed product according to the variant of implementation 23, in which the layer of graphic images printed on the lower surface of the substrate.

Embodiment 25. Printed product containing (a) a substrate having a top surface and a bottom surface; (b) a layer of a graphical image containing many images printed on at least one surface of the substrate; (C) a transparent layer formed on at least one surface of the substrate layer on top of the graphic image; and (d) a set of polygonal lenses formed on a transparent layer on top of layer of a graphical image in which a polygonal lenses are colorless increasing convex lenses.

Embodiment 26. Printed product containing (a) a transparent substrate having a top surface and a bottom surface; (b) a layer of a graphical image containing many images, printed on the lower surface of the substrate; and (C) a set of polygonal lenses, APEC is produced on the upper surface of the substrate, in which polygonal lenses are colorless increasing convex lenses.

Embodiment 27. The method of forming a printed product containing (a) a printing layer, a graphical image containing a lot of images on at least one surface of the substrate; and (b) printing a set of polygonal lenses on at least one surface of the substrate layer on top of the graphic image, in which the polygonal lenses are colorless increasing convex lenses.

Embodiment 28. Printed product formed in accordance with the method of implementation variant 27, in which the polygonal lenses are hexagonal lenses.

Embodiment 29. The method of forming a printed product containing (a) a printing layer, a graphical image containing a lot of images on at least one surface of the substrate; (b) a coating layer of the graphic image transparent layer; and (C) forming on a transparent layer multiple polygonal lenses, in which the polygonal lenses are colorless increasing convex lenses.

Embodiment 30. Printed product formed in accordance with the method of implementation variant 29, in which the polygonal lenses are hexagonal lenses.

EXAMPLES

Reference is made who and U.S. patent application No. 12/026,069, submitted February 5, 2008, the contents of which in its entirety is given here as a reference. Also made reference to the following examples, which are illustrative and are not to limit the scope of the claimed subject matter.

Turning now to Figure 1, showing a view in cross section of the first variant of realization of the printed products 10, made in accordance with the present invention and depicted much larger than typical sizes. In this embodiment, the implementation of the printed product 10 includes a substrate 12 having a top surface 14 and bottom surface 16. The substrate 12 may be made of paper, cardboard, plastic, acrylic, glass, metal or other material which can be printed. The entire upper surface 14 of the substrate 12 or to a part thereof preferably sealed or pripressovav layer 18 with reflective dye. Although it is preferable for the reflective layer, it should be understood that the disclosed here are methods provide exceptional visual effects, even using a simple paper substrate. The layer 18 may be colorless or may have any colour you like. The layer 18 may be opaque, transparent, semi-transparent or translucent. Layer 18 is preferably attached printed indeliable or glossy metallic appearance. Alternatively, the reflective layer 18 can be formed from a film of chromium, from a diffraction film, metal film, holographic film, from the roll of foil or from any metal material having a shiny surface.

On the whole layer 18 or of the layer 18 is sealed with a graphic image or image 20. The graphical image may include microsurgeries (for example, the shape of the athlete) and the lattice images (for example, microreserve picture 22). Next, on the layer 20 is printed grid transparent polygonal lenses 29. The frequency and position of the lens 29 is selected so that they have increased the areas micrometrology playback images of the combined image, which will appear to pop up above the surface of the printed product.

Lens 29 can be formed over the entire surface of the image 20, or only over a part of it. Lens 29 can be formed of a transparent dye suitable for use in this function superimposed on top of a graphical image or image 20 such printing methods like screen printing, lithography, flexography, offset printing, gravure printing, coating or other known printing method. This transparent dye is preferably a dye with UV curing. This transparency is CNY dye may include scaly shiny or pearly particles or other material to create the effect of gloss on the printed product.

The preferred method of creating a graphic image 20 and micrometrology image 22 is the process of offset printing. Graphic image 20 may be printed with an opaque dye is a translucent dye, a pure dye or any combination thereof. These dyes are preferably cured in response to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Other methods of forming the graphic image 20 and micrometrology image 22 include silk screening, lithography, flexography, gravure, and other known printing methods.

Figure 2 shows the appearance of the printed product 10 when viewed from the left, and figure 3 shows its appearance when viewed from the right. Graphic image printed on the upper surface of the product, includes the figure of 30 athletes. Many of polygonal lenses presents a hexagonal lenses, which are greatly exaggerated in size compared to their normal size. These hexagonal lenses increases microreserve image 22 (in this example, the micro-image of balloons), and are formed composite image 62, which represents the balloons, "floating" above the surface of the printed product 10. Microreserve image 22 (greatly enlarged) shown in the top view according to Fig..

As shown in Figure 5, during the printing process, the orientation or angle θ1parallel rows of hexagonal lenses can be adjusted or selected relative to the direction of visible errors to minimize and compensate for these errors. Examples of such errors are the directions print, shear, surface displacement, the error due to etching of the surface of the anilox or printing rollers, the error output of the film and the errors of the digital processing of the bitmap. As a result of orientation on these grounds can be achieved a higher texture height and close the dense hexagonal lenses. The gap between the hexagonal lenses in this example, figure 5 is designated as S, and the width of the transparent hexagonal lenses designated as W. In this example, the orientation and geometry of transparent lenses can be chosen in order to avoid filling, leakage and unwanted spreading of lenses from one polygon to another.

The orientation or angle θ1parallel lenses can be adjusted to correct or minimize the occurrence of errors during the printing lens. Error, for example, can occur when the image is transferred in digital form on a printed form or in the head of the inkjet printer. In some cases, n is the Board a jet of dye can lead to thickening of the torch dye, when it is sprayed, compared to the exact direction of the print head (for example, vertical lines are thicker than horizontal lines). Similarly, the image burnt on a printed form by the laser, can also give error printing in vertical and horizontal directions. When printing can occur and mechanical errors. For example, the force exerted on the dye during the printing process (for example, when the punching roller dye through the silk screen) or the force applied in the exercise of any other method of applying a colorless lens dye, can cause in the direction of this effort, the dye will be more "fat". The choice of the direction of printing, horizontal or vertical, can minimize these errors (for example, printing at angles of 30, 45 or 60 degrees). In addition, the configuration in which the hexagons are superimposed at angles of 60 degrees, can average these observed errors vertically and horizontally, and can afford to obtain optimum sealing of the lens inside the lattice when minimized "dead space".

6 shows another embodiment of the present invention, in which the printed product 10 includes webapology 12, which may or may not be printed with the graphic image 220 on the surface 214. On the surface 214 and over the area of the graphic image 220 is also printed grid or matrix of images or microreserve image 260. Over the surface of the graphic image 220 is fully or partially applied a transparent layer 230, and then over the entire surface or part of the surface of the transparent layer 230 printed or formed microreserve image 260 and clear lens 229. A transparent layer 230 provides additional distance between the transparent lens 229 and microbacterium image 260 and may enhance the effects of the increase.

7 shows an additional embodiment in which the transparent substrate may be or may not be printed with the graphic image 320 on the surface 318. In addition, on the surface of 318 printed grid or matrix of images or microlectronic images 360. Then over the entire surface or over part of the opposite surface 322 of the transparent substrate 312 printed clear lens 329. The transparent substrate 312 provides additional distance between the transparent lenses 329 and microbacterium image 360 and may enhance the effects of the increase.

Graphic image 20 can have any desired shape, for example, from the expression of a football player on a secured credit card, as shown in figure 2, or any other image. Graphic image 20, in order to ensure the creation of the desired image may contain multiple layers of dye. Graphic image 20 can additionally include a hidden or latent image 28, visible on Fig, if viewed under essentially oblique angle (as shown flying balloons), and invisible figure 9, if viewed directly from above.

Figure 10 clear lens 429 printed in such a way that they are when viewed in cross section are essentially flat 480, and a semicircular only at the edges 470 lenses.

Figure 11 clear lens 29 printed on the upper surface of the transparent substrate 12, and microbacteria image 360 is printed on the lower surface of the transparent substrate 12. Lenses have an average width (W) (see also W figure 5) and the average height (H) (see also H figure 5) (height alternative may be called by the thickness of the center, or "arrow convexity"). Lenses lattice or matrix have an average interval (S). Lenses have a medium focal length (f), which approximately corresponds to the thickness of the transparent substrate in some embodiments of the height (H) clear lens is approximately from 0.0001 to 0,0100 inch (2,54 254 microns), the distance between the lenses is approximately from 0.001 to 0,010 d is ima (from 25.4 to 254 microns), the lens in the plan - viewed from above - are hexagonal, and width (W)As shown in the top view (see also Figure 5) they are equal from 0.0001 to 0.010 inch (2,54 254 microns). Microreserve image preferably contains a variety of printed forms or colors, with such frequency and direction that each individual lens increases the area micrometrology image, resulting in a combined image, which seems emerges above the surface of the printed product.

In some embodiments of the printing lens in the plan - viewed from above - are hexagonal and have an average width (W) from one side to the other (see Figure 5 and 11) from 0.0005 to 0,0100 inch (i.e. from 12.7 to 254 microns), and the average height (H) (i.e. the maximum thickness at the center or "arrow convexity") (see 11) from about 0.0001 to 0,0050 inch (2,54 to 127 microns). Printed lenses can have an average gap (S) in the lattice (see Figure 5 and 11) of approximately from 0.0005 to 0,0100 inch (2,54 254 microns). Printed lenses can have a medium focal length (f) from about 0,0010 to 0,0500 inches (25.4 to 1270 microns). Lenses can be printed on a transparent substrate 12, with an average width that is approaching the focal length (f) of the lens. The transparent substrate 12 may have an average width of approximately 0,0010 what about 0,0500 inch (i.e. from 25.4 to 1270 microns).

In the preceding description, certain terms have been used for brevity, clarity and understanding. This must not interfere with any unnecessary restrictions that are beyond the requirements of the existing technical level. Described here are the various configurations of the system and steps of the methods can be used separately or in combination with other configurations, systems, and stages of ways. It is assumed that various equivalents, alternatives and modifications, as appropriate to the scope of invention defined by the claims.

1. Printed product, comprising:
(a) a substrate having a top surface and a bottom surface;
(b) a layer of a graphical image containing many images printed on at least one surface of the substrate; and
(c) a set of polygonal lenses, printed at least on one surface of the substrate layer on top of the graphic image, and a polygonal lenses are colorless increasing convex lenses, with printed lenses have a height of between 0,0001 and 0.005 inches, a width of between 0.0005 and 0.01 inch when viewed from above, and the distance between the lenses is between 0.0005 and 0.01 inch.

2. Printed product, comprising:
(a) a substrate having a top surface and a bottom surface;
(b) the Loy graphics, contains many images printed on at least one surface of the substrate;
(c) a transparent layer formed at least on one surface of the substrate layer on top of the graphic image; and
(d) a set of polygonal lenses formed on a transparent layer on top of layer graphics and polygonal lenses are colorless increasing convex lenses, with printed lenses have a height of between 0,0001 and 0.005 inches, a width of between 0.0005 and 0.01 inch when viewed from above, and the distance between the lenses is between 0.0005 and 0.01 inch.

3. Printed product, comprising:
(a) a transparent substrate having a top surface and a bottom surface;
(b) a layer of a graphical image containing many images printed on the lower surface of the substrate; and
(c) a set of polygonal lenses printed on the upper surface of the substrate, and a polygonal lenses are colorless increasing convex lenses, with printed lenses have a height of between 0,0001 and 0.005 inches, a width of between 0.0005 and 0.01 inch when viewed from above, and the distance between the lenses is between 0.0005 and 0.01 inch.

4. The method of forming a printed product containing
(a) imprinting layer graphics containing many images on at least one surface of the substrate;
(b) Spain is tifanie many polygonal lenses on at least one surface of the substrate layer on top of the graphic image, moreover, the polygonal lenses are colorless increasing convex lenses, with printed lenses have a height of between 0,0001 and 0.005 inches, a width of between 0.0005 and 0.01 inch when viewed from above, and the distance between the lenses is between 0.0005 and 0.01 inch.

5. The method of forming a printed product containing
(a) imprinting layer graphics containing many images on at least one surface of the substrate;
(b) coating a layer of the graphic image transparent layer; and
(c) forming on a transparent layer multiple polygonal lenses, and polygonal lenses are colorless increasing convex lenses, with printed lenses have a height of between 0,0001 and 0.005 inches, a width of between 0.0005 and 0.01 inch when viewed from above, and the distance between the lenses is between 0.0005 and 0.01 inch.

6. The method of forming a printed product containing
(a) imprinting layer graphic image containing a lot of images on at least one surface of the substrate; and
(b) imprinting a variety of polygonal lenses on at least one surface of the substrate layer on top of the graphic image, and a polygonal lenses are colorless increasing convex lenses, with printed lenses arranged in parallel rows, and the method further comprises the adjustment of the angle of orientation is then θ parallel rows to prevent the fill during printing lenses.

7. The method of forming a printed product containing
(a) imprinting layer graphics containing many images on at least one surface of the substrate;
(b) coating a layer of the graphic image transparent layer; and
(c) forming on a transparent layer multiple polygonal lenses, and polygonal lenses are colorless increasing convex lenses, with printed lenses arranged in parallel rows, and the method further comprises adjusting the orientation angle θ of the parallel rows to prevent the fill during the printing lens.



 

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46 cl, 41 dwg

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: method for separation of combined surface and volume electromagnet waves of terahertz range, which includes preliminary shaping of groove with smoothened edges on sample surface, at that groove axis is perpendicular to plane of incidence that crosses track of surface electromagnet wave (SEW) rays bundle and having size along track that is less that SEW spread length, and further direction of combined waves to groove, differs by the fact that groove is shaped in the form of regular cone half, axis of which lies in the plane of sample surface, at that angle of SEW deviation from incidence plane that contains volume wave, is equal to the following: γ=arcsin[tg(α)-(π-2)-k'], where α is angle between generatrix and cone axis, k' is actual part of SEW refraction index.

EFFECT: provision of spatial separation of SEW and volume wave by means of SEW direction variation.

3 dwg

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: optical system of spectrum divider for IR-area of spectrum comprising flat-parallel plate with spectrum-dividing coat installed at the angle of 45 degrees to optical axis differs by the fact that plate is located in convergent bundle of beams in space for objective image, downstream compensator of aberrations is installed comprising two lenses: the first one located along with beams travel is positive with convex first surface and cylindrical second surface, the second one is plano-concave that it inverted with its concavity to image and displaced in meridional plane along with direction perpendicular to optical axis.

EFFECT: creation of optical system of spectrum divider for instruments that operate simultaneously in two different ranges of spectrum IR-area with simultaneous increase of aberrations correction quality and reduction of instrument dimensions.

3 dwg, 4 tbl

FIELD: technological processes, metal working.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of laser processing of materials, in particular, to device of multiway laser processing and may be used in production of large number of products at single laser complex, also in process of laser cutting, welding, pad welding and selective sintering. Device comprises N+1 lasers of initial beam division system and system of beam convergence, which is arranged in the form of set of N+1 telescopes, every of which is optically connected to laser. Telescopes are arranged with the possibility of independent rotation and displacement in two mutually perpendicular planes.

EFFECT: provision of multiple rise of efficiency of laser technological complexes, reduced power inputs at high quality of product.

1 dwg

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: device has a laser and, optically connected to the laser, a system for dividing the initial beam, a beam convergence system, galvano scanner with a focus lens and a telescope-radiation homogeniser, fitted on the beam path in front of the system for dividing the initial beam. The system for dividing the initial beam and the beam convergence system are in form of mirror matrices. The mirrors in the matrices have equal surface area and can independently rotate and move in two mutually perpendicular planes. Mirrors in the matrix of the beam convergence system can additionally move in the plane of the matrix.

EFFECT: multiple increase in efficiency of laser beam machines and reduced power consumption at high quality of the product.

1 dwg

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: method involves image preprocessing using a video processor 13 to eliminate geometric distortions, resulting from the geometry of the optical system; formation of an image of the cabin space on a monitor screen 1 and projection using a reproduction lens 2 onto a holographic diffuser 3, which is an assembly of two diffusers (4, 6), turned about each other and joined by a layer of immersion transparent substance 5, and which forms a scattering indicatrix so as to provide a given viewing area with the required image contrast. Principal beams are directed near the optical axis of the system using a collective lens 7, placed in front of the holographic diffuser. The image is then directed to the viewing area of the driver 12 using a holographic beam splitter 9, placed on the windscreen 10.

EFFECT: increased reliability and provision for safe driving conditions.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: mirrors/filters are placed in space so as to create a collinear matrix group of rectangular beams through successive reflections and/or transmissions from several optical frequencies emitted by a defined number of radiation sources. The top step consists of matrix of mirrors/filters with size m x n in p items superimposed with each other. The bottom step is a matrix from m mirrors/filters built into p rows with possibility of addressing outgoing beams to columns of matrices of the top step. The mirrors/filters of the matrices have characteristics which enable transmission of spectra of optical frequencies of the incoming beam or part of it and/or transmission of the spectra of optical frequencies of the incoming beam or part of it to the next mirror/filter.

EFFECT: optimisation of the process of frequency-address light beam routing.

5 cl, 11 dwg

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