Garbage-disposal unit with closed circulation of air flow (working title "bivind")

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention is aimed depending on the projected versions and dimensions at "dry" cleaning streets, yards and premises, without the propagation of dust into the environment, without release of filtered air into the environment, with increased coverage of cleaning surface, with the collection-bagging of garbage in the airtight disposable recyclable standard or special reusable sacks/bags or a one-piece box, with the use of automatic unloading the reusable sacks/bags and cleaning of the filter. The closed circulation of air flow is provided by the use of internal return air duct (12), the side return air ducts (2) and active closed extension area of continuous simultaneous forced injecting-tapping of air (1). The device of expanding and retention in the expanded state of the sacks/bags is implemented using a perforated or mesh box (4), sealing (6) and hermetically sealed hatch (11), at that on the inner side of the walls and the bottom of the sack/bag (5) the force is applied pressing it to the walls of the perforated or mesh box (4) in movement of the air flow through the filter 8 from left to right - in the mode of garbage collection. The device of automatic unloading of reusable sacks/bags (5) and cleaning the filter (8) is implemented through the use of return-reverse air flow and manipulation with the lids/curtains of the special hermetically sealed hatches (7, 10, 11), shown in Table 1 together with the operating modes.

EFFECT: providing "dry" cleaning streets, yards and premises, without the propagation of dust into the environment.

1 dwg

 

The unit is intended for cleaning various areas, with resulting air flow.

Prototypes of this unit is the large range of vacuum cleaners, the principle of which is the fascination with dust and debris air flow, with subsequent filtration using filters or filter (breathable) garbage bags containing air compressor (9), a direct air intake channel (3)withdrawing the nozzle (14), the filter (8).

Technical feature (honours) unit is that:

1. when in the cleaning mode is not exhaust air into the surrounding air, and as a consequence, there is no spread of dust and flying debris, as clean and not yet removed. This is achieved due to the fact that filtered by the filter (8) air (direct airflow from left to right), passing air compressor (9), is not emitted to the outside, and the internal reverse air channel (12) and the outer side of the reverse air channel (2), with specially designed nozzles, injected in the active closed extended area of touch-air sampling (1). The air ejected through the nozzle channels (2), blows away relatively heavy debris in the Central part of the zone (1), and mixed with a lightweight trash the dust is collected retractor nozzle (14) direct air channel (3). Formed in "track", heavy debris is drawn at the approach of the nozzle (14),the lower edge of which may be equipped with a mechanical broom and devices for the smooth progress on the clean surface.

2. applied the so-called active closed extended area of touch-air sampling (1), from which the air, in contrast to the prototype, not only continuously forcibly taken, but at the same time continuously forcibly injected into it. Area limited external reverse side air channels (2) and pulling the nozzle (14), top closed fixed to them, taut airtight elastic or stiff canvas. On the front and the sides of the area can be equipped with additional hanging curtains of airtight material of sufficient elasticity, if necessary, can be equipped with a passive or mechanical brushes, arranged inside it, parallel to the opposite side of the air channels (2). Since the area formed by the air jet, the air pressure in the zone is less than in the surrounding space and therefore does not spread dust into the surrounding space even when the rotation is installed in a closed area of mechanical brushes. Increased width retractable surface d is attained at the expense of what is the distance between the nozzles on the outer side of the reverse channel (2) is greater than the width of the retractor nozzle (14). If necessary, external reverse side channels (2) can be equipped on the inner side throwing in additional nozzles oriented in the direction of retracting nozzle (14). Possible options for the design of the unit with return air ducts in the form of a flexible air ducts with the use of supporting rigid frame for mounting with rigid or swivel mount to the chassis Assembly continued them to the point of overlapping cover/curtain hatch (10) internal reverse air channel (12) (instead of part of it).

3. garbage collection (packing) occurs in an airtight standard recyclable disposable (film or paper) flexible packages (bags) or special reusable with similar properties. This is due to the use of the device mounting and retention in the straightened condition of packages (bags), as follows. During garbage collection, the air flow moves from left to right, and passing through the filter (8) creates different parties with different degrees of dilution zone. The left area of the smaller suction, in the right area greater dilution. Pack (bag) (5) is perforated (mesh) box (4), rounded upper edge of the box, with sign the tym on them by the edges of the package (5) tightly pressed lifting (locking) device (13) to the seal (6). Due to open airtight hatch (11) and hole punching boxes (4) exterior side of the walls and bottom of package (5) are in the area of greater dilution, and the inner side in the area of the smaller dilution (relative to atmospheric pressure) - when this happens smoothing package (5) on the inner sides of the walls and bottom of the trough (4) and then hold it in expanded position. Not excluded the possibility garbage collection just in a single box, identical in size with perforated and installed in his stead.

4. by creating a reverse air flow from right to left through the filter (8) - when the reverse rotation of the air compressor (9) and manipulation covers-curtains sealed hatches (7, 10, 11), we obtain the right of the filter (8) is more increased pressure, and left the area less high pressure (relative to atmospheric pressure), it results in the following modes: filter cleaning and unloading of the package (reusable) with associated cleaning of the filter when this happens as if the inversion package inside out. A complete list of operation modes and the corresponding state covers/curtains sealed hatches are shown in table 1.

Table 1
ModeThe rotation of the air blower*The outer element airtight hatch 7**The bin
71011
Garbage collection--RegulatedDirectDoesn't matterPack (bag) disposable or reusable perforated basket or one-piece carton
Automatic unloading associated with a filter cleaning--Maintains.ReverseFlexible hose for ristoskiPack (bag) reusable perforated basket
Automatic filter cleaning----ReverseExternal filterPack (bag) disposable or reusable perforated the data box or the whole box
Garbage collection in the normal vacuum cleaner (option 1)--Maintains.DirectA flexible hose with a nozzlePack (bag) disposable or reusable perforated basket or one-piece carton
Garbage collection in the normal vacuum cleaner (option 2)--Maintains.DirectDoesn't matterPack (bag) disposable or reusable perforated basket or one-piece carton
Note: -- the position covers/curtains respective sealed covers specified on figure 1.
Maintains. - position adjustable (open - fixed installed or smoothly changing) to ensure that conditions perform a specific operation mode
* direct the rotation of the air blower provides airflow through the filter (8) from left to right
** - the outer part of the airtight hatch has a device sealing and fixing with connecting flange of the outer element

The unit can be is used when designing all kinds of devices for cleaning and packing of debris as: towing, mounted and self-propelled machines; interchangeable tools for tillers and snow machines; vacuum cleaners. Unit, when the modification of its extended active area of touch - pull and split it into several parts applicable as: stationary devices for all kinds of machining centers whose work is connected with the formation of dust; to clean from debris moved by the conveyors and parasitaemia of agricultural products, etc., as well as mobile machines for cleaning surfaces with constantly changed profile (rail, etc.). The unit can be used for designing harvesters cotton, tea and pollen. Application of the unit as cleanliness is especially important when cleaning the flying debris (poplar fluff, fallen leaves and seeds of plants) when cleaning surfaces with different degrees of roughness (gravel, pebbles, paving, lawns, etc.). Rotation (forward and reverse) air blower (8) can be made from any type of engine.

Reference designations (figure 1)

1 - active closed extended area forced, simultaneous throw of air sampling.

2 - exterior side opposite the air channels.

3 - direct air channel being drawn.

4 - perforated (mesh) the box.

5 - elastic vozdukha nicely package (bag).

6 - sealing seal.

7 - sealed hatch with cover/curtains.

8 - filter.

9 air compressor.

10 is a sealed hatch with cover/curtain and filter.

11 is sealed manhole with lid by a curtain.

12 - internal reverse common air channel.

13 - lifting (locking) device.

14 - retractor nozzle.

15 - sealed door.

Refuse unit with a closed circulation of the air flow containing air compressor (9), the filter (8), the elastic trash bag (5), direct retractor air channel (3)withdrawing the nozzle (14), characterized in that the collection of packaging waste occurs with increased zone of capture using drawn and ejected filtered air without discharge into the environment with the use of: not blocked - the extreme top position of the lid/hatch curtains (10), inner reverse common air channel (12), the outer side opposite the air channels (2)having at its ends and the inner walls of specially designed nozzles injecting air, active closed extended zone forced simultaneous touch-air sampling (1) - closed top elastic or rigid airtight canvas and covered on the sides and front hanging curtains installed or not inside mechanical the brooms, limited reverse side air channels (2), retractor nozzle (14), equipped with a brush and a device for unrestricted movement in removing the surface, and the application is not blocked - very top position of the lid/hatch curtains (7), direct air duct involvement (3) in garbage collection in elastic airtight, not used as a filter, disposable, including recyclable, or reusable bags (5) using the device mounting and retaining them in the expanded position due to the difference of reduced relative to atmospheric pressure of the air in the internal and external parties the sides and bottom of package (5)inserted by smoothing the upper edges of the rounded upper edges of the perforated or mesh boxes (4) and lifting pressed locking device (13) to the seal (6) for adjusting the position of the lid/hatch curtains (11); a device for automatic unloading reusable flexible bag (5) due to the difference increased, relative to the atmospheric pressure of air on the inner and outer sides of the walls and bottom of package (5) and loading of garbage in its place of accumulation associated with cleaning the filter (8) using the reverse direction air flow due to the reverse rotation of the air blower (9), p and blocked - the extreme lower position of the lid/ hatch curtains (10) and the outer filter on it, inner reverse common air duct (12) and blocked - lowest position covers/curtains hatch (7), direct air duct involvement (3) when adjusting the position of the lid/hatch curtains (11) and docked with the outside hatch (7) flexible hose for discharge; preservation of the functions of ordinary vacuum cleaner at the blocked - the extreme lower position of the lid/hatch curtains (10) and the outer filter on it, the reverse common air duct (12) and the open - upper end position of the cover/curtains hatch (7), direct air duct involvement (3); allows for the collection of garbage in a hard box, identical in size with a perforated or mesh basket (4) and installed in his stead, in any mode of garbage collection; auto cleaning filter (8) in any mode of garbage collection in an overlapped - the extreme lower position of the lid/hatch curtains (10) and the outer filter on it, inner reverse common air duct (12), overlapped - the extreme lower position of the lid/hatch curtains (7 and the outer filter on it, direct air duct involvement (3), at the extreme upper position of the lid/hatch curtains (11) and the movement of the air flow in the opposite direction due to the reverse rotation of the air blower (9).



 

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