Wind-driven power plant (versions)

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: wind-driven power plant comprises a wind generator with a blade wind turbine with a vertical rotation shaft arranged inside a fixed blade air guiding device with a base and a cover, a power generator, a control unit, an additional source of energy. The wind-driven power plant is equipped with a protective jacket, equipped with a cantilever and a hinged joint movably connected to each other and relative to the jacket, and the hinged shaft is installed in the central hole made in the protective jacket. An additional source of power according to the first version is made in the form of a wind-perceiving working organ, having the shape of an air dome with slings fixed to the latter and a flexible shaft. With one end the flexible shaft is stiffly connected with the movable cantilever of the protective jacket, by the other end it is movably connected with the ends of slings that are not fixed on the air dome, combined in one point with a mechanism providing for rotation of the air dome relative to the flexible shaft. According to the second version the additional source of power is also made in the form of a wind-perceiving working organ of similar shape. However, it comprises a plank, to which ends of slings are rigidly fixed, being non-fixed to the air dome. The protective jacket is made as dome-shaped with the base installed on the cover of the air-guiding device.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of operation of a wind-driven power plant.

8 cl, 6 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of energy, renewable energy, namely wind power installations, which converts wind energy into electricity.

Today, wind energy is produced wind turbines of various designs and sizes, ranging from wind turbines, which supply energy private houses and cottages, to the enormous wind farms.

Wind energy refers to renewable energy, as it is a consequence of the activity of the sun. Wind energy is a rapidly growing industry. This is because unlike fossil fuels, wind energy is practically inexhaustible, widely available and more environmentally friendly.

However, the efficiency of wind turbines strongly depends on the number and power of the wind flow, and is often only an auxiliary source of power generation.

The present invention is the development of highly efficient power plants which produce a significant amount of electricity at maximum use of wind energy.

Currently, there are a large number of patented technical solutions aimed at solving this problem, which distinguish the I great variety. However, the known technical solutions are not simple and reliable design, characterized by low efficiency of power generation using wind flow.

Known wind system for converting energy containing at least one power wing profile, is arranged to be triggered from the ground and shipped at least one wind flow, the base platform located on the ground level and connected by two cables to the power wing profile, designed to bring the wing profile and converting wind flow energy into electrical or mechanical energy transmission system (see RF patent №2407915 invention Wind system for converting energy by the power profile of the wing, the method of generating electric energy by such system and its application to tow the ship". Priority date from 24.04.2006. IPC F03D 5/06. The patent - Kite Jen Research SRL (Italy).

This wind system is characterized by insufficient generation efficiency due to the fact that the process is cyclical in nature. That is, the power wing profile makes reciprocating movement in the vertical plane (the rise of jopasana), that makes the loss produced when lifting power respectively by lowering the profile of the wing.

Known wind power installation, comprising suspended on the lifting device getrowsperpage working body, made in the form of elastic mesh panels, curved spiral surface, and sling, and associated with the working body by means of a flexible shaft generator mounted on a terrestrial basis (see avts of the USSR №1302011 invention "Wind power plant". Priority date from 21.11.8 5. IPC F03D 11/00).

This unit is bulky, constructive complex differs insufficient reliability of the design, respectively, and low reliability, and lack of efficiency of power generation.

Known helicotrema energy installation comprising a set on the frame wind turbine rotor, a vertical shaft, an electric generator, tent frame, the top having a hole and covered with a piezoelectric film attached to the photoelectric transducers, the piezoelectric generator (see RF patent №2292521 invention "Helicotrema power plant". Priority date from 10.10.2003. IPC F24J 2/42).

In the known technical solution, an attempt was made to increase the production means is a high volume of electrical energy through the use of an additional source of conversion of renewable energy resources, in particular converting light radiation into electrical energy.

However, this setting is characterized by a lack of reliability in conditions of strong wind, storm, hurricane.

The analysis selected in the information search process helped to identify the closest technical solution wind power plant comprising vetrano wheel with bladed wind turbine with a vertical axis of rotation located inside the blade vazduhoplovstvo apparatus with upper and lower covers, the generator axis wind turbines, energy storage and control unit, an additional source of energy, made in the form of a photovoltaic light energy, photovoltaic elements which are installed top cover vazduhoplovstvo apparatus and connected with the energy storage (see RF patent №2251022 invention "Wind power plant". Priority date from 13.11.2003. IPC F03D 3/00, 3/04. The prototype).

Known Wind turbine lack of constructive and reliable in operation due to exposure to adverse environmental factors (precipitation and the like). Not different setting and a high volume of produced electrical energy despite an additional source of energy, solar battery, in view of the small number with the final days of the year on the Russian latitudes.

In addition, an additional source of electricity is quite expensive, has a low efficiency. The actual solar cells contain poisonous chemical substances (lead, cadmium, arsenic and the like)that does not improve the environment. When generating a service life of solar panels there is a new problem - utilization of solar cells containing toxic substances.

Thus, the known wind power plants are characterized by low efficiency of their operation in view of the above shortcomings.

Claimed as the invention of the technical solution of the wind energy installation allows you to achieve a new technical result - improving the efficiency of operation of the facility by ensuring the design and operational reliability, reduce costs, ensure compactness, environmental setting and increase the amount of electricity generated.

The following set of essential features characterizes the essence of the proposed invention as technical solutions and contributes to the achievement of a new technical result. 1 variant of the invention.

Wind power installation, comprising a wind turbine with a blade of a wind turbine with a vertical shaft rotating inside a stationary lastlogonusername apparatus with the base and cover, the generator provided with a vertical shaft wind turbine, a control unit, an auxiliary source of electric energy, characterized in that it includes a protective cover, fitted movably connected to each other and relative to the shell console and the hinge shaft provided with a generator, it is further provided with a common shaft installed inside the protective casing and connected to the hinge shaft and the vertical shaft of the rotation of the wind turbine through a gear mechanisms, and installed an electric generator, an additional source of energy is made in the form getrowsprocessed working body having the form of an air dome attached to the last lines and a flexible shaft connected at one end rigidly mobile console protective cover, other equestrian flexible shaft movably connected to the loose on the air dome construction ends, joined together at one point the mechanism, the rotation of the air dome relative to the flexible shaft.

The result is achieved that the protective cover is made with a Central hole, in which you installed the hinge shaft, and a domed shape with the base mounted on the cover vazduhoplovstvo apparatus of a wind turbine.

The outcome is strengthened by the fact that the air to the floor getrowsprocessed working body in the form of a sail-wing or kite.

To achieve results, the mechanism providing rotation of the air dome relative to the flexible shaft, made in the form of a system of mutually rotating rings.

The technical result is achieved in that the control unit intended to control vitreosynerysis working body, made in the form of a remotely controlled device and mounted on a flexible shaft.

2 a variant of the invention.

Wind power installation, comprising a wind turbine with a blade of a wind turbine with a vertical shaft rotating inside a stationary blade vazduhoplovstvo apparatus with base and lid, an electric generator provided with a vertical shaft wind turbine, a control unit, an auxiliary source of electric energy, characterized in that it includes a protective cover, fitted movably connected to each other and relative to the shell console and the hinge shaft, soobseniem with the generator, it is further provided with a common shaft installed inside the protective casing and connected to the hinge shaft and the vertical shaft of the rotation of the wind turbine through a gear mechanisms, and installed an electric generator, an additional source of energy made in the form of getrowsprocessed working body having the form of air which CSOs dome attached to the last lines and the bar, to which is rigidly attached loose on the air dome ends of the building and movably mounted on the console protective cover with possibility of rotation of the air dome relative to the console and management of air dome.

To achieve a technical result, the casing is made with a Central hole, in which you installed the hinge shaft, and a domed shape with the base mounted on the cover vazduhoplovstvo apparatus of a wind turbine.

The achievement of the technical result is driven by the fact that the air dome getrowsprocessed working body in the form of a sail-wing or kite.

Thus, the analysis revealed information about the existing level of technology in the field of energy, renewable energy, and essence of the proposed invention showed that the proposed as the invention of the technical solution of the wind energy installation meets the patentability criteria of "novelty".

1 option.

Wind power installation, comprising a wind turbine with a blade of a wind turbine with a vertical shaft rotating inside a stationary blade vazduhoplovstvo apparatus with base and lid, an electric generator provided with a vertical shaft wind turbine, the control unit, when obte the years of installing wind allows you to convert wind energy, directional blades metronapoli apparatus on the blades of a wind turbine into electrical energy produced by the generator.

The supply of wind energy plant protective housing is dome-shaped form with the base mounted on the cover blade metronapoli apparatus, provides reliable protection for wind turbine installation from the negative impact of external factors (precipitation and the like), and also creates a specific and necessary in the production of electricity technological scope of the wind energy installation.

Running additional power source in the form of getrowsprocessed working body having the form of an air dome attached to the last lines and the flexible shaft provides additional use wind flow energy to produce electricity, which allows you to increase the amount of electricity generated by maximizing the energy of the wind flow not only wind, but also vitreosynerysis working body.

Equipment protective casing movably connected to each other and relative to the shell console and the hinge shaft and the flexible shaft connection getrowsprocessed working body at one end rigidly to the console casing and the other end p is digno with loose air dome ends of the sling, United together at one point mechanism which enables rotation of the air dome relative to the flexible shaft provides a reliable movement of the work getrowsprocessed body under the action of the wind in the vertical and horizontal planes, as well as rotational movement of the air dome relative to the flexible shaft.

The implementation of the mechanism for rotating the air dome relative to the flexible shaft in the form of a system of mutually rotary rings, makes possible the rotation of the air dome relative to the flexible shaft. This prevents any confusion between the flexible shaft and the air dome. Therefore, high efficiency operation of the wind energy installation.

The supply of the protective casing is installed in the Central hole of the last hinge shaft connected to the movable console, with which is connected the flexible shaft getrowsprocessed working body, and the message shaft with the electric installation, provides electricity production from movements getrowsprocessed working body made in vertical and horizontal planes.

Additional supply of wind energy plant common shaft installed inside the protective casing and connected to the hinge shaft and vertical shaft rotation the turbine through transmission mechanisms, and running the generator, allows you to transfer torque from the shaft of the wind turbine and shaft on a common shaft installation. This allows a lump sum to convert received from the wind turbine and getrowsprocessed body energy of rotation, respectively, of the vertical shaft and shaft into electricity.

In addition, such placement common shaft possibly due to the formation of a protective casing of technological capacity. This also ensures the compactness of the installation.

The execution of air dome getrowsprocessed working body in the form of a sail - wing or kite allows you to reduce costs, to ensure the sustainability of installation in comparison with the prototype, because for the manufacture of air dome uses eco-friendly inexpensive material such as canvas, technical cotton.

When this protective case provides reliable protection of the air dome from possible damage in case of lower lower to the ground and hit the rotating blades of the wind turbine. This ensures reliable protection from damage not only getrowsprocessed working body, but also wind turbine, and therefore, wind energy installation as a whole.

A protective casing Kupalov aznoe form creates a specific and necessary process volume, that not only helps in case of no use getrowsperpage working body to keep it in the generated amount of protective cover without cluttering and providing a compact installation, but also provides accommodation and hinged to a common shaft installation, and transmission mechanisms.

Hence, by compactness of installation ensures maximum use of wind energy for electricity generation due to the use of two working bodies vetroenergeticheskoj installation of wind turbines and getrowsprocessed body.

The execution control unit intended to control vitreosynerysis working body, in the form of a remotely controlled device and securing it to the flexible shaft provides the simplicity, accessibility, efficiency control of air dome at any time. Management is due to the tension of the sling. If you want to turn right, pull the right lines, there is a small roll dome and under the action of wind power, and speed, and changed the angle of attack of the dome rotates. Similarly in the other direction. That is, control of the spatial position of the dome is due to the tension of the respective sling using the control unit. In the first embodiment, the control unit slings is suspended under cupola the remotely controlled device with the computer program and the required number of actuators, which regulate the tension of the sling. This device can be any radio-controlled, miniature computer device or system WI-FI.

This prevents any confusion between the flexible shaft and the air dome. Therefore, high efficiency operation of the wind energy installation.

option 2

Where this differs from the first consists in fastening getrowsprocessed working body to a movable bracket protective cover and the principle of rotation of the air dome and management of air dome. In this embodiment, a strap attached to slings rotates relative to the console, and hence the air dome working getrowsprocessed body.

An additional source of energy is made in the form getrowsprocessed working body having the form of an air dome attached to the last lines and the bar, to which is rigidly attached loose on the air dome ends of the sling and movably mounted on the movable bracket protective cover with possibility of rotation of the air dome relative to the movable bracket and control the air dome. In this embodiment, strap, to which is rigidly attached slings dome is a device for managing lines, respectively spatial Paul is feared dome getrowsprocessed working body. Management is due to the tension of the sling. If you want to turn right, pull the right lines, there is a small roll dome and under the action of wind power, and speed, and changed the angle of attack of the dome rotates. Similarly in the other direction. That is, control of the spatial position of the dome is due to the tension of the respective sling with straps. For this purpose a strap placed known actuators, as well as the necessary elements for remote control of the Board and, accordingly, the dome.

This option also provides the maximum use of wind energy as through the use of wind for electricity generation by wind turbines, and by converting the reciprocating movement of the air dome in vertical and horizontal planes.

Thus, the proposed set of essential features provides technical result in all cases to which the requested amount of legal protection.

In the course conducted by the applicant of information retrieval in the field of energy, renewable energy, detected individual distinguishing features of the claimed invention.

However, the set of essential features of the invention contributing what I achieve a new technical result, and its effect on the last of the current level of technology is not detected.

It was the combination of distinctive features allows you to get a new technical result is an increase in efficiency of operation of the facility by ensuring the design and operational reliability, reduce costs, ensure compactness, environmental setting and increase the amount of electricity generated.

Therefore, the present invention has such a criterion of patentability as "inventive step".

The invention is explained by using the drawings, in which:

1 shows a wind power installation, front view (option 1);

figure 2 - the same, top view (option 1);

figure 3 - the same, front view (option 2);

figure 4 - the same, top view (option 2);

figure 5 - wind turbines, axonometric view (for both options);

6 is a diagram of the shaft installation (for both options).

The best variant embodiment of the invention.

The wind turbine includes a wind turbine 1 (see figures 1, 3, 5, 6) with a blade of the wind turbine 2 with a vertical shaft 3 rotating inside a stationary blade vazduhoplovstvo apparatus 4 with the base 5 and cover 6, the generator 7, the control unit of the wind energy installation (on black is not shown), an additional source of electricity.

Wind power installation includes a protective cover 8 (see Fig 1, 2, 3, 4), fitted movably connected to each other and relative to the casing 8 by the console 9 and the hinge shaft 10, mounted in a protective casing 8 of the Central hole (Fig. not shown). Mobility connections console 9 and shaft 10 to provide a known manner, for example, by means of hinges (on the devil. not shown). The design of the hinge shaft 10 is not the subject of this invention. As the shaft 10 using well-known standard construction, designed to transmit torque, for example, the hinge shaft used in shipbuilding, see the Album of the PH-80 is allowed to use the valve for ships 035-35 .072. As the shaft 1 can be used propeller shaft used in cars, for example, the hinge shaft ZAZ 1102, see info about the hinge shaft ZAZ 1102-1105.

An additional source of energy for option 1 (see figure 1, 2) made in the form of getrowsprocessed working body 11 having the form of an air dome attached to the last lines 12 and the flexible shaft 13.

One end 14 of the flexible shaft 13 getrowsprocessed working body 11 is rigidly connected to the movable console 9 protective casing 8. The other end 15 of the flexible shaft 13 is movable with the United free air dome ends 16 con 12, United in one point mechanism (to hell. not shown)allowing rotation of the air dome relative to the flexible shaft 13. The mechanism for rotation of the air dome relative to the flexible shaft 13, is made in the form of a system of mutually rotating rings (to hell. not shown). By construction, this mechanism is similar to the mechanism on conventional parachutes.

Such a connection of the flexible shaft 13 with the console 9 protective casing 8 and with an air dome provides a reliable movement of the working body 11 under the action of the wind in the vertical and horizontal planes, as well as rotational movement of the air dome relative to the flexible shaft 13.

The flexible shaft 13 is a rope made, for example, of steel wires or fibres of vegetable, synthetic or mineral origin.

Air dome getrowsprocessed working body 11 is made in the form of a sail-wing or kite. The material of the air dome is a rugged canvas or similar fabric, natural organic.

The second option additional source of energy is made in the form of getrowsprocessed working body 11 (see Fig 3, 4)having the form of an air dome attached to the last lines 12. The working body 11 contains the bar 17, cotonouintro attached loose on the air dome ends 16 of the sling 12. Strap 17 is movably mounted on the console 9 protective casing 8 with the possibility of rotation and ensure the rotation of the air dome relative to the console 9, for example, by means of hinges (on the devil. not shown).

The protective cover 8 is made domed shape with a base 18 mounted on the cover 6 vazduhoplovstvo unit 4 turbine 1 and is equipped with ventilation holes (on the devil. not shown) to exit accumulate in the recent air. The material of the casing 8 may be of a durable type of plastic, and steel, etc.

A protective casing 8 dome shape creates a specific and necessary process volume, which allows in case of no use getrowsprocessed working body 11 in the form of an air dome to keep the volume of the protective cover 8 without cluttering and providing a compact installation.

The protective cover 8 also provides reliable protection of the wind turbine 1 from the negative impact of external factors (precipitation and the like). The casing 8 provides reliable and operational protection of the air dome from possible damage in case of lower lowering him to the ground and hit the rotating blades of the wind turbine. This ensures reliable protection from damage not only getrowsprocessed working body 11, but also wind turbine 1,and therefore, wind energy installation as a whole.

Wind power installation further provided with a common shaft 19 (see Fig.6), coupled with the hinge shaft 10 and a vertical shaft 3 of the wind turbine 1 via the standard used in the industry gearing, in particular, the shaft 3, for example, through the overrunning clutch 20, the shaft 10 is, for example, through the mechanism of the conversion Mechanism 21 21 energy conversion and industrial equipment, including, for example, gear coupling, gear, speed controller. On the shaft 19 has a differential 22, which provides the rotation of the shafts 3 and 10 at different speeds, on the shaft 23 of the generator 7 has a multiplier 24 and the controller 25 turns.

A common shaft 19 mounted coaxially these shafts 3, 10 inside the protective casing 8. Through the above transmission mechanisms 20, 21, 22 of the rotational motion from the shaft 3,10 transmitted on a common shaft 19, through mechanisms 24 and 25 to the generator 7, which converts the rotational energy into electricity. This allows a lump sum to convert received from the wind turbine 1 and getrowsprocessed working body 11 energy of rotation, respectively, of the vertical shaft 3 and shaft 10 in electric.

A protective casing 8 dome shape creates a specific and required the th process volume, which puts the hinge 10 and the common shaft 19 installation and transmission mechanisms 20, 21, 22,23, 24, 25 and the generator 7. This ensures reliable protection and compactness wind installation.

The control unit (to hell. not shown) necessary to control the operation of the wind plant as a whole, i.e. the wind turbine 1 and vitreosynerysis working body 11. The control unit intended to control vitreosynerysis working body 11 in the first embodiment, is executed in the form of a remotely controlled device 26 and is fixed on the flexible shaft 13 by known methods.

Management is due to the tension of the sling 12. If you want to turn right, pull the right lines 12, there is a small roll dome and under the action of wind power, and speed, and changed the angle of attack of the dome rotates. Similarly in the other direction. That is, control of the spatial position of the dome body 11 occurs due to the tension of the respective sling 12 using the control unit in the form of device 26. In the first embodiment, the control unit vitreosynerysis working body 11, and therefore slings 12 is suspended under the dome remotely controlled device 26 with the computer program and the required number of actuators that regulate n the traction sling 12. This device can be any radio-controlled, miniature computer device or system WI-FI.

In the second variant the air dome is realized by means of straps 17. Management is due to the tension of the sling 12. If you want to turn right, pull the right lines 12, there is a small roll dome and under the action of wind power, and speed, and changed the angle of attack of the dome rotates. Similarly in the other direction. That is, control of the spatial position of the dome body 11 occurs due to the tension of the respective sling 12 with the strap 17. In this embodiment, strap 17 is a device for managing lines 12, respectively, the spatial position of the dome getrowsprocessed working body 11. For this purpose a strap 17 posted by famous servos (not shown), as well as the necessary elements for the remote control strap 17 and, respectively, the dome. Thus control of the position of the air dome can be done both manually and by using computer control unit wind installation (on hell. not shown) in the automatic mode

Wind installation you can install the base 5 as on a specially prepared support, and without it, strengthened by known methods not only on land but also n the water transport vehicles, not only as dopolnitelnogo source of electricity, but also an additional source of driving force, as the air dome creates a "pulling" force for the vehicle.

The present invention operates as follows.

Wind flow, flowing wind generator 1 falls on a stationary vane vozduhonagrevateli apparatus 4, which directs his blades on blade wind turbine 2. The latter starts to rotate, the rotational moment of the vertical shaft 3 through the transmission mechanism 20 and the differential 22 is transmitted to the shaft 19. The generator 7 converts the rotary motion of the shaft 3 through the mechanisms 24, 25 into electrical energy.

Simultaneously with wind turbine 1 in the production of electricity involved additional source of energy is made in the form of getrowsprocessed working body 11.

Wind also nabega air dome body 11, creates a lifting force. What air dome rises, making at the same time movement in vertical and horizontal planes and rotational movement relative to the flexible shaft 13 (the first alternative), relative to the console 9 (the second option). Movement from the air dome is transmitted through a propeller shaft 10 and the transmission mechanism 21 and the differential gear 22 on a common shaft 19, from negociere mechanisms 24, 25 - on the generator 7 that generates electricity.

Thus, the proposed as an invention to install the best use of wind energy, due to the use of the wind turbine 1 and getrowsprocessed working body 11 without increasing neither the space nor the size of the machine, ensuring low cost of installation, compactness and high environmental compatibility, high reliability design and maintenance, and high performance.

During operation of the wind energy installation wind turbine 1 is reliably protected from the adverse effects of negative external environmental factors (precipitation ITP). The protective cover 8 reliably prevents any damage to getrowsprocessed working body 11 with an extremely low down to the wind turbine 1 and the wind turbine 1.

The operation of the wind energy installation wind turbine 1 and vitreosynerysis working body 11 is carried out from the control unit, either manually or in automatic mode with the use of computer technologies. It is necessary to track the movement of the air dome, monitor its normal right move with the purpose of electricity generation (prevention Nizkor the lowering of the air dome to the ground, the wind turbine). As well as to control for the normal operation of the wind turbine 1.

Thus, the application of the proposed complex is achieved by a new technical result is an increase in efficiency of operation of the facility by ensuring the design and operational reliability, reduce costs, ensure compactness, environmental setting and increase the amount of electricity generated.

Therefore, the present invention meets the patentability criterion of "industrial applicability".

The present invention can be used in any territorial areas with sufficient wind flow on land. In addition, it can be used on water transport vehicles, not only as dopolnitelnogo source of electricity, but also an additional source of driving force, as the air dome creates a "pulling" force for the vehicle.

1. Wind power installation, comprising a wind turbine with a blade of a wind turbine with a vertical shaft rotating inside a stationary blade vazduhoplovstvo apparatus with base and lid, an electric generator provided with a vertical shaft wind turbine, a control unit, an additional source of electron is rgii, characterized in that it includes a protective cover, fitted movably connected to each other and relative to the shell console and the hinge shaft provided with a generator, it is further provided with a common shaft installed inside the protective casing and connected to the hinge shaft and the vertical shaft of the rotation of the wind turbine through a gear mechanisms, and installed an electric generator, an additional source of energy is made in the form getrowsprocessed working body having the form of an air dome attached to the last lines, and a flexible shaft connected at one end rigidly to the movable console protective casing, the other end of the flexible shaft movably connected with loose air the dome ends of the sling together at one point mechanism which enables rotation of the air dome relative to the flexible shaft.

2. Wind power installation according to claim 1, characterized in that the protective casing is made with a Central hole, in which you installed the hinge shaft, and a domed shape with the base mounted on the cover vazduhoplovstvo apparatus of a wind turbine.

3. Wind power installation according to claim 1, characterized in that the air dome getrowsprocessed working body in the form of a sail-wing or air is tion of the serpent.

4. Wind power installation according to claim 1 or 3, characterized in that the mechanism for rotation of the air dome relative to the flexible shaft, made in the form of a system of mutually rotating rings.

5. Wind power installation according to claim 1, characterized in that the control unit intended to control vitreosynerysis working body, made in the form of a remotely controlled device and mounted on a flexible shaft.

6. Wind power installation, comprising a wind turbine with a blade of a wind turbine with a vertical shaft rotating inside a stationary blade vazduhoplovstvo apparatus with base and lid, an electric generator provided with a vertical shaft wind turbine, a control unit, an auxiliary source of electric energy, characterized in that it includes a protective cover, fitted movably connected to each other and relative to the shell console and the hinge shaft provided with a generator, it is further provided with a common shaft installed inside the protective casing and connected to the hinge shaft and the vertical shaft of the rotation of the wind turbine through a gear mechanisms, and installed an electric generator, an additional source of energy made in the form of getrowsprocessed working body, having the th form an air dome attached to the last lines, and the bar, to which is rigidly attached loose on the air dome ends of the sling and movably mounted on the console protective cover with possibility of rotation of the air dome relative to the console and management of air dome.

7. Wind power installation according to claim 6, characterized in that the protective casing is made with a Central hole, in which you installed the hinge shaft, and a domed shape with the base mounted on the cover vazduhoplovstvo apparatus of a wind turbine.

8. Wind power installation according to claim 7, characterized in that the air dome getrowsprocessed working body in the form of a sail-wing or kite.



 

Same patents:

Aero power plant // 2500920

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EFFECT: invention makes it possible to provide for any required capacity of a power plant.

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EFFECT: simplified design of a converter realised on the basis of the method, reduced metal intensity, higher manufacturability and as a result reduction of specific cost of a produced kW hour of power.

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3 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method to convert kinetic energy of a fluid medium flow into useful work including placement of (their) working element (elements) (WE) 1 in the fluid medium flow under conditions of interaction with the fluid medium flow and simultaneous communicating harmonic rotary and reciprocal movements to WE 1. The WE 1 is fixed in the fluid medium flow in a cantilever manner as capable of fixed rotation and rotary movement relative to the axis 6, on which they are fixed, matching the axis for connection of a slider 5 with a connecting rod 3. Reciprocal movements of the WE 1 are carried out in a direction perpendicular to the direction of the flow movement and matching the vector of a normal component of a driving flow force, the resulting component of which is directed perpendicularly to the side surface of the WE 1.

EFFECT: increased capacity, efficiency factor and reliability.

6 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: rotary wing is placed with a structure that retains it into a wind flow, a force rotary torque is generated, which impacts the structure with the rotary wing, under action of the aerodynamic force of the rotary wing of one direction, the wing attack angle is reduced to zero value as the structure with the rotary wing rotates, the wing attack angle changes to the opposite one, and rotary torques of forces of both directions are sent to a load. At the same time at first the longitudinal axis of wing rotation is diverted from the vertical position by the angle φ in direction of the minimum value of the wind rose directivity pattern, by means of diversion of the structure rotation axis by the angle φ, the wing with the structure that retains it is placed along the wind flow, and angles of wing rotation are limited and fixed with the help of limiting stops.

EFFECT: higher efficiency and durability of wind power plants and automation of the process by generation of an astable motion of a structure that retains a wing, in flows of different intensity and direction with application of the gravity force.

1 dwg

Wind generator // 2471086

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: wind generator comprises an aircraft (a wind receiver) with a device for wind setting, a working element. The latter makes reciprocal movements. The wind generator comprises a base with a hole for fixation to a pipe. A lever is hingedly fixed to the specified base, being connected hingedly with the wind receiver (aircraft) stand. The compressor under action of the lever produces compressed air sent to a vortex pipe. The working element makes reciprocal movements and is arranged in the form of a traction rod. The traction rod with one end is hingedly connected with the lower end of the stand, with the other end it is connected with a roller inserted into a base slot.

EFFECT: simplified design of a device for conversion of wind force into electric energy and possibility to install a device on roofs of multi-storeyed houses near power transmission lines.

1 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: sailing pulse wind-driven power plant includes actuating element, energy converter and device protecting against out-of-limit wind loads. Actuating element is a flexible sail. Converter is made in the form of pulse generators with electromagnets, which are combined into a general scheme. Armatures of electromagnets are connected to sail sections. Sail sections have the possibility of automatic control of the force of wind flow acting on it for example by changing the angle between sail wings.

EFFECT: maximum possible simplification of design of wind-driven power plants; abrupt reduction of capital and operating costs and provision of full safety, high reliability and self optimisation of operating mode under any wind conditions.

3 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: power plant for conversion of energy of air or water flow currents comprises a power takeoff shaft and a wing or an airfoil section kinematically connected to it. The power takeoff shaft is arranged in the form of a crankshaft. The crankshaft is equipped with a journal with sides and two L-shaped levers. Each lever with its one arm is rigidly connected to an axis of rotation for power takeoff, and with the other arm - to the appropriate side of the journal. The wing or the airfoil section is connected to this crankshaft by means of slings. The rear edge of the wing via bearings is connected with slings to the axis of the crankshaft journal, and the front edge of the wing - via bearings to coaxial arms of L-shaped levers.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to simplify design and to reduce metal intensity of a power plant.

8 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: wind-driven power plant comprises a tower, a rotary device, a bearing structure, vertical shafts with wind wheels rotating to opposite sides with blades, a tail plane, stator and rotor elements. The bearing structure is made in the form of two arcs that contact in the middle part. Brackets of fairing fixation are attached to the front ends of the arcs. Brackets of tail plane fixation are attached to the rear ends of the arcs. The middle part of the arcs is installed on the rotary device. There are stator elements installed on the arcs. Rotor elements are equipped with synchronising toothed crowns.

EFFECT: increased manufacturability.

1 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: plant includes an energy converter, an annular pontoon equipped with a system of vertical turning blades and connected by means of flexible tie-rods to an energy converter hub, which is installed on an additional pontoon. The annular pontoon is arranged with possibility of being turned about an additional pontoon. The plant includes mainly two similar assemblies, each of which includes annular and additional pontoons, equipped with vertical turning blades and an energy converter. Rotation directions of annular pontoons are opposite. Additional pontoons are rigidly fixed by means of a stiff beam. The plant includes displacement housings rigidly fixed on a line passing through a central point of the stiff beam, mainly at equal distances from it.

EFFECT: reduction of power losses at operation, compensation of rotor rotation moment, possibility of manoeuvring without using any additional devices.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: power unit comprises a bearing mast with a rotary unit, a vertical axial turbine, a generator, a tail section. It comprises identical horizontal coaxial arrow-shaped platforms joined to each other by vertical stands at least into one tier. Platforms with their sharpened parts rest against the rotary unit of the mast. In the space between tier platform arms stretching towards opposite sides, but on each of these arms there is an equal number of orthogonal windrotors installed symmetrically to the mast and outside of its contours. Aerodynamic elements of windrotors arranged at different sides of the mast provide for their mutual rotation, at which speed vectors of those specified elements that are most distant from the axis of symmetry of the power unit match with the wind direction. Under the lower platform there are reinforcing stiffening ribs, and tail sections are vertically lifted and rested against the inner edges of the upper platform.

EFFECT: reduced prime cost of power when reducing costs for capital construction with simplicity of operation and maintenance.

4 dwg

Air electric plant // 2476718

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: air electric plant comprises a wind generator with a vertical axis of rotation of vertical assembly modules. The plant includes master shafts of a wind turbine with master rollers. Master rollers via a reducer are connected with a power generator. The power generator via a control system is connected with a load.

EFFECT: development of a device for generation of electric energy, using air flows at different levels.

1 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: wind power plant includes air intake in the form of conical tube, wind cock and generators. In conical tube there are additional wave-like channels directing air mass to each pneumatic turbine. Blades of pneumatic turbine are made as vertical semiellipses. Pneumatic turbines are located by their size in conical tube in ascending order. Generators are made rounded.

EFFECT: concentrated direction of air mass to each pneumatic turbine.

1 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: wind-electric plant comprises a wind wheel and a generator. The generator shaft is installed on one axis of two wind drives, one of which is rotated by natural movement of air masses, and the second one - under action of difference pressure pulled in the vertically arranged exhaust pipes or channels. Between the drive shafts there is an electromagnetic friction device, which disconnects the first wind drive from the second one at zero speed of outer air movement, that is in case of calm. The wind-wheel driven by air masses, by 1/2 is covered with a device of weather vane type at the windy side, and the device rotates around its axis.

EFFECT: making it possible to produce power even at zero speed of natural movement of air masses.

3 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: power plant for conversion of air or water flow energy comprises at least two blade turbines installed one over another with the possibility of rotation to opposite directions with vertical axis of rotation, electric generator and system of fixation to support structure. Support structure consists of fixed horizontal support base arranged between rotary turbines and in cross section arranged in the form of rectilinear polygon, and vertical support connected to it, produced by linear tubular truss connected to support base in units of internal stiffening ribs crossing. Primary part of electric generator is arranged in the form of reaction-free inductor with double-sided active zone and magnetic field closed by fixed magnetic conducting plates.

EFFECT: improved reliability and efficiency of power plant.

5 dwg

Windmill // 2384732

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind power engineering and can be used to transform wind energy into electrical power. Proposed windmill comprises two rotors with vertical shafts running in housing furnished with wind-vane guide device secured on rotary platform. Said housing features streamlined drop-like shape constricted by flat elements, from top and bottom. Note here that rotor S-like air intake blades extend beyond housing limits equally on its both sides. Flanged slots are made in flat elements, ahead of rotor shafts.

EFFECT: higher aerodynamic efficiency.

2 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to power engineering and may be used to convert energy of oceanic, sea and river currents into electric energy. Power installation comprises orthogonal balanced hydraulic unit with at least two blade rotors installed below water level of water current above each other with the possibility of rotation in opposite directions with vertical axis of rotation, electric generator and system for fixation to support structure. On upper part of support structure above water level there is an orthogonal balanced wind-power unit installed with blade rotors of opposite rotation and fixed inductors of power generator. Support structure includes fixed polygon, in tops of which there are specified fixed inductors, and linear (tubular) tower of truss type fixed in internal units of polygon rigidity, which rests on units of hydraulic unit rigidity with excess floatage, arranged under water level below ice cover and zone of wind waves action. Installation is fixed at the bottom of water reservoir with the help of anchor braces or bottom piles, which are connected to hydraulic unit.

EFFECT: increased reliability and efficiency of power installation.

2 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power generation, namely, to wind-driven electric plants and can be used as a self-contained power source, in particular, on the roofs of building that feature a sufficient height. Proposed plant comprises electric generator coupled with shaped-blade rotary turbine vertical shaft, the turbine blades being arranged all over the turbine circumference. The said turbine is located inside an immobile device designed to produce wind flow and representing a cylindrical system with guide blades arranged along the plant circumference. The aforesaid device with the turbine represents several interjointed tiers mounted on each other. In each tier, the turbine is furnished with an upper and lower flywheels whereto the blades are attached. The immobile device designed to produce wind flow comprises the upper and lower bases whereto guide blades are attached. The central part of the turbine every tier accommodates a hollow pipe attached to the upper and lower flywheels. Note that turbine OD-to-hollow pipe diameter ratio makes 1.5 ÷ 2.5. The immobile device blades represent, in their cross section, a ring segment, while the turbine blade cross section features a sines curve shape.

EFFECT: higher efficiency, lower vibration and ease of operation.

5 cl, 3 dwg, 4 tbl

Wind-turbine plant // 2286477

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind motors and it can be used as self-contained power source on buildings of sufficient height. Proposed wind-turbine plant contains rotor made in form of shaft installed vertically with possibility of rotation inside housing and furnished with turbine blades of radial type installed vertically over circumference. Housing of wind-turbine plant is made in form of guide assembly containing vertically arranged guide vanes over perimeter of housing and installed at acute angle relative to leading edges of rotor blades, thus forming flow passage part of radial- type turbine. Lower part of rotor is made in form of axial-flow turbine and is furnished with fairing. Lower end of shaft rests on fairing which is connected with ends of vanes of guide assembly secured on shell whose upper part is connected to housing and lower part is secured on upper part of hollow housing, for instance, on self-draught pipe. Air supply holes are made in lower part of hollow housing.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of wing-turbine plant owing to use of vertical and horizontal air streams.

2 cl, 1 dwg

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