Method of construction and multi-layer universal light block for its realisation

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method of construction includes erection of frame in the form of reinforced concrete monolithic structures, formation of external walls from multi-layer light heat insulation panels with application of glue. The foundation, monolithic reinforced concrete slabs with coaxial holes in them and vertical columns are linked to a standard series of multi-layer universal light heat-moisture-noise-insulating heat-resistant blocks in all planes, and the frame of the facility is formed with account of the loads from physical masses of external walls, internal partitions and other necessary elements. Ends of monolithic slabs along the entire perimetre are closed with rectangular chutes with an insulant, they are rigidly fixed on the monolithic slab, afterwards they start erecting the external walls and internal partitions, at the same time in the beginning they install an angular multi-layer universal light block, the places of adjacency are previously coated with glue, it is fixed to the vertical column with the bracket, the second block is put against it, which has been previously coated with glue in places of adjacency, and into a vertical lock formed as two blocks are joined, a figured rack is inserted so that it enters the coaxial hole in the monolithic slab and so on, and the blocks of the second and subsequent rows are inserted with a ledge on the lower surface, into the slot on the upper surface of the blocks, etc. Blocks are laid row by row, simultaneously window, door and arc openings are formed, at the same time the surfaces of universal light blocks inside the object of construction at both sides may be closed by standard strengthened noise and moisture protective fireproof sheets with high adhesive capacity, which simultaneously cover several blocks. Also a multi-layer universal light block is described.

EFFECT: faster rates of building construction, lower labour inputs.

1 tbl, 8 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of construction, namely, to frame construction, including the construction of the concrete frame, Assembly (mounting) external and internal walls, made of standard series multilayer teplozvukoizolirujushchej universal lightweight industrial elements in blocks and can be used in the construction of residential buildings, cottages, offices, industrial facilities and commercial buildings.

Known wall panel for cladding and insulation of building constructions (RF patent No. 2275480, publ. 27.04.2006, IPC E04F 13/14), consisting of a sheet of silicate glass or porcelain, a rear side through which the adhesive composition is attached insulating material, in the form of spaced rows of blocks are laid with the bandaging of seams. As an insulating layer according to the invention are used layers of foam insulation closed-cell foam (foam glass, polyurethane foam, polystyrene foam). This wall panel is attached to the exterior surface of the building. For this purpose, the wall panel provides additional structural elements - layers of reinforcing mesh, anchor bolts.

The disadvantages of the wall panel are as follows.

This method of building construction involves construction of FAS is th surface of the building, and then, as an additional operation of the fastening to it of insulated panels, which complicates and increases the cost of construction of the object. In addition, during operation of such panels arise gazoplotnaja connection ("bridges") due to the lack of insulation layer in the joints and locking joints. In addition, the use of layers of organic insulating materials (polyurethane, polystyrene) reduces the service life of the unit and reduces the fire resistance design does not meet the requirements of ecology, the design does not meet modern requirements. The panel can not be used for internal partitions, it is extremely difficult to form door and window openings, arches with curves, increases the cost of construction.

Closest to the technical essence and the achieved result is wall exterior insulation and finish panel (patent RF №2372454, Publ. 10.11.2009,, IPC E04F 13/00).

Wall panel includes two surface sheet metal, which is placed between the insulating layers, the number of which is not less than 2, are located relative to each other so that one heat-insulating layer is shifted relative to another, preferably adjacent, to a distance not less than the thickness of the block, but not more than ½ of the horizontal size of one Assembly unit is Anastacia, with the resulting displacement of end surfaces of the boundary blocks panel mirror with respect to each other and form a locking type type of the "thorn-groove". Recommended dimensions in length from 3 to 12 meters.

The disadvantages of the prototype can be called:

- the duration of the Assembly process of the individual wall panels due to layer-by-layer stacking and gluing each of at least 2 layers of blocks constituting the secondary insulating layers panel;

- high cost, in view of the complexity of forming panels;

- minimum panel weight not less than 100-150 kg therefore, a need arises for the use of cranes, which increases the cost of installation, and on the other hand is the difficulty of accurately hit each other "step" the end edges of the panels during installation. And since glass is a brittle material, the speakers for interlocking connection of the blocks of adjacent panels during installation (dock) will break, leading to permanent ventilation walls;

panels are difficult to attach to the frame without damage;

- thermal expansion, strong wind, causing oscillation or change the size of the metal cladding layers (spans 3-12 meters) - can cause the destruction of the pore foamed glass blocks that will lead to the emergence of "cold bridges " and smell servodio is and indoors (in the case of the manufacture of foam glass according to the traditional technology);

in the proposed embodiment, the panel can only be used for forming the walls of an industrial or warehouse space;

- design does not allow to form window, door and arched openings object;

- front panel does not meet the requirements of modern design;

- the panel surface with the inside of the premises is not possible to arrange accommodation with a high degree of design for this you will need a large material costs and additional time;

panels do not include development in the areas of internal partitions;

is the high cost of construction.

We offer technical solutions allow to eliminate the above disadvantages, and to accelerate the process of making themselves the building blocks on the underlying production and the construction of buildings in General, reduce labor costs, faster construction, high design, environmental friendliness, good teplouniversal, simplifying and facilitating the construction of the walls and the exception of skilled staff (workers).

The technical result is achieved in the method of construction in which the Foundation, monolithic reinforced concrete floors, with coaxial holes in them, vertical columns aligned with tiparos Arnim near multilayer universal lightweight blocks in all planes and form the skeleton of the object taking into account loads from the physical masses of the external walls, internal partitions and other necessary items. Next, the ends of solid floor slabs around the perimeter of the closed rectangular trenches with insulation, rigidly fix them on monolithic ceiling. Then proceed to the construction of external walls and internal partitions, the first set of angular multilayer universal lightweight block, pre-coat the joints with glue, fix it to a vertical column of bracket, put to him the second block, pre-coated with glue in places mates and vertical lock formed by the coupling of 2 blocks, insert curly rail so she went into the coaxial hole in the monolithic ceiling and so on. The blocks of the second and subsequent rows are inserted protrusion on the bottom surface in the groove on the upper surfaces of the blocks forming the lock, row by row, lay out the blocks, simultaneously forming a window, door, and arched doorways.

Provides an option when the surface of the universal lightweight blocks inside the construction on both sides may be closed standard, hardened noise and vlagozaschischayuschuyu fireproof sheets with a high level of adhesion, which simultaneously cover several blocks.

In addition, the technical result is achieved by Thu the multilayer universal lightweight unit, to implement the method of construction of the object is structurally made of extruded, with the ribs of the metal box, on the outer (front) side of which can form images of various design. To the inner wall of the outer side is attached teplozvukoizolirujushchej Mat, and the back of the box (facing inside the premises) closes hardened shumovlagozashchitnom fireproof sheet material with a high level of adhesion is duplicated on the inner side teplozvukoizolirujushchej material forming additional air cushion inside the box. While the outer contours of the sheet material is shifted upward and to the side, relative to the metal boxes, at a distance of 10-12 cm from the butt joints of the blocks that are on the perimeter are equipped with locks to vimoksalehi.

On the bottom surface of the multilayer universal lightweight unit is a protrusion on the upper surface of the groove, and the vertical sides in places vzaimopriznanija made grooves in the form of reverse cones located mirror, and additionally it is inserted similar form curly rake

Block for internal partition walls made with the possibility of closing both sides hardened shumovlagozashchitnom fireproof sheet is the first material with a high level of adhesion.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, which depict:

- Figure 1 is a variant of the construction of a facility in a new way.

- Figure 2 - metal duct multilayer universal lightweight block;

- Figure 3 - metal duct multilayer universal lightweight block (top view);

- Figure 4 is a metal box, multilayer universal lightweight block in the cross section (type a-A);

- Figure 5 - section multi-layer universal lightweight block Assembly.

- Figure 6 is a mutual coupling of 2 blocks, with mirror spaced lock, reverse cones on the vertical sides and inserted in the lock of curly metal rake (section view);

- 7 - the end of monolithic slabs, indoor rectangular gutter mount the upper and lower rows multilayer universal lightweight blocks to overlap, with inserted through aligned holes figure Reiki;

On Fig - wall option with an example of execution of a door, window arched openings and variants multilayer universal lightweight blocks.

To implement the proposed method of construction is calculated the total weight of all external and internal walls and other structures, and formed concrete frame object, consisting of NGF is of amenta 1 (1), monolithic concrete slab 2, coaxially with the 3 holes in them, vertical columns 4 and linked to variants near multilayer universal lightweight blocks 5 (rectangular model), 6 (angular), 7 (rectangular model, inside view).

The ends of monolithic reinforced concrete floors 8, around the perimeter of the closed rectangular grooves 9, with a layer of insulation 10. Rectangular chute 9, and later play the role of the decorative facing ends of monolithic reinforced concrete floors, rigidly fixed on the monolithic ceiling 2, and then proceed to build the external walls and internal partitions.

The process of laying multilayer universal lightweight blocks starts with the fixation of the corner block of 6 (figure 1), to the vertical column 4, the brackets 11. Docking sites which previously promazyvaetsya glue. Then, it puts direct multilayer universal lightweight unit 5, also pre-coated in places pairing glue. In the side (end lock) 12 is inserted curly rail 13 (Fig 1), so that it entered the castle, 12 (6), formed by a pair of end sides of 2 adjacent blocks and coaxial hole 3 (Fig 1), in monolithic reinforced concrete overlay 2, rigidly locking compound multilayer universal lightweight blocks between themselves and with mono is item concrete overlay. The second row multilayer universal lightweight blocks spread (1, 4, 5) similar to the first, except that the blocks of the second and subsequent rows are inserted protrusion 14 on the bottom surface in the groove 15 on the upper surface of the blocks of the previous row of blocks, and so on, row by row, lay out the blocks, simultaneously forming a door 16 (Fig) and arched window openings 17.

The surface of the multilayer universal lightweight blocks inside the construction site can be closed standard, hardened noise and vlagozaschischayuschuyu fireproof sheets 18 (1), with a high level of adhesion, which simultaneously cover several blocks 5, create inside the air cushion, and are attached to the blocks advanced through the racks 20.

Multilayer universal lightweight unit to implement the method of construction is structurally made of extruded, with the ribs of the metal box 21 (2), the outer (front) side of which is the formation of figure 22, or any other design. For mounting the blocks on the bottom surface of the multilayer universal lightweight unit is formed, the protrusion 14 (figure 4)formed by the groove 15 (2 and 4). On the side abutting the sides of the multilayer universal lightweight shaped block locks 12, because the reverse cones, located mirror (figure 3).

To the inner wall of the outer side of the block is attached teplozvukoizolirujushchej Mat 23 (5) of the mineral material (basalt fiber, fiberglass, foam glass). The reverse side of the box (facing inside the premises) closes hardened, shumovlagozashchitnom fireproof sheet material 24, with a high level of adhesion, for example construction market sheet is duplicated on the inner side teplozvukoizolirujushchej material 25, and this allows you to create inside an air cushion.

To illustrate the quality of construction works of the building constructed according to the present method of construction using multi-layered universal lightweight blocks, in extreme situations, trials were conducted using modeling techniques, three options.

Performed modeling the following situations:

for the test samples were created negative temperature -12°C and simulated wind streams with compressor up to 18-20 m/s, within 12 hours;

- created mechanical oscillations with alternating vibrations that mimic the earthquake, corresponding to 10 points within 3 minutes, every hour, for 3 days;

Example 1. The sample, external walls and internal partitions, University of the material of light weight blocks which were collected with the application of the adhesive layer, but without reinforcing metal rods. The results are summarized in table.

Example 2. The sample, external walls and internal partitions universal lightweight blocks which were collected with the use of reinforcing metal rails, but not coated with adhesive layer. The results are summarized in table.

Example 3. The sample collected from the promazyvanie joints universal lightweight blocks external walls and internal partitions of the adhesive layer and using reinforcing metal rods. The results are summarized in table

Table of simulation results
No. n./nVariants of prototype buildings (examples)Modeling negative temperatures down to -12°C and wind flow up to 18-20 m/s, within 12 hoursModeling earthquake of 10 points every hour, 2-3 minutes for 3 daysModeling negative temperatures down to -12°C and wind flow up to 18-20 m/s, within 12 hoursModeling earthquake of 10 points every hour for 2-3 minutes, 12 hours
Exterior walls Internal partitions
1With glue, but without Reiki (initial temperature 20°C)Moisture in the plaster at the junction is not detected (temperature 20°C)Have small cracks in the putty in the joints of the blocksTraces of the influence of simulated situations not foundTraces of the influence of simulated situations not found
2With the strengthening of the rail, without adhesive (initial temperature 20°C)There is a slight moisture in places putty inside the room (temperature 17°C)Cracks in the plaster at the junction blocks not foundTraces of the influence of simulated situations not foundTraces of the influence of simulated situations not found
3With the strengthening of the rail, with joints, coated with glue (the initial indoor temperature 20°C)Moisture in the joints is not detected (temperature 20°C)Cracks in the plaster at the junction blocks are not about arozena Traces of the influence of simulated situations not foundTraces of the influence of the simulated situation is not detected.

Thus, based on the results obtained during the simulations of the winter conditions, winds and earthquakes 10 points - it should be noted that the proposed construction method and unit for implementing the method allows to solve a technical problem in Example 3, with success meet such basic indicators as insulation, air tightness of the joints and seismic stability. In addition, initially, all materials used are non-flammable, which makes it erected construction fireproof, which is especially important for high-rise construction.

The positive side of the proposed solutions are characterized by the following characteristics:

- Sign "of the Foundation, monolithic reinforced concrete floors, with coaxial holes in them, vertical columns aligned with variants near multilayer universal lightweight blocks in all planes and form the skeleton of the object taking into account loads from the physical masses of the external walls, internal partitions and other necessary items, provides the following positive qualities:

- due to the fact that the mass of all elements in 3-4 times is reduced in comparison with known the different construction technologies, foundations, monolithic slabs, vertical columns, and respectively, valves in them, is significantly reduced in volume and number. This, in turn, reduces the cost of transport, handling, labor and taxes, and on the other hand accelerates the construction process;

- the presence of aligned holes in all monolithic slab allows you to speed up the computation blocks, clearly vertically with a speed of 2.5-3.0 times faster than ordinary methods of masonry, because it eliminates the need to continually adjust the device level masonry blocks or bricks, and on the other hand to link blocks of the frame between them, and additionally, with monolithic slabs.

- Sign "of the end faces of the monolithic slab around the perimeter of the closed rectangular trenches with insulation, rigidly fix them on monolithic ceiling, and then proceed to build the external walls and internal partitions, allows use of hoisting machinery and scaffolding, rigging work, to close the ends of the slabs, at the same time insulating them, which reduces costs and allows you to provide a different design of the facade.

- Feature "...establish the angular multilayer universal lightweight block, pre-coat the joints with glue, fix it to the VERTIC is through the column bracket, put to him the second block, pre-coated with glue in places mates and vertical lock formed by the coupling of 2 blocks, insert curly rail so she went into the coaxial hole in the monolithic ceiling and so on, and blocks the second and subsequent rows are inserted protrusion on the bottom surface in the groove on the upper surface of the blocks - forming lock, row by row, lay out the blocks, simultaneously forming a window, door and arched openings",

- allows you to accelerate the formation of external walls, internal partitions, window and door openings every minute without the use of special tools, much faster than the best known technology calculations walls 2-3 times, while linking occurs on all four planes, due to the additional locks and at the same time the glue, and in the corners and brackets to the columns, so you can achieve the best of seismic safety, even when pushing in 10 points and eliminates cracks and "cold bridges".

- Feature "...option when both sides of the surface of the universal lightweight blocks inside the object construction can be closed standard, hardened sumulikoski fireproof sheets with a high level of adhesion, which simultaneously cover several blocks, can significantly reduce the IC number of butt joints and to form an air cushion, improving the insulation.

- Feature "multi-layered universal lightweight unit to implement the method of construction of the object is structurally made of extruded, with the ribs of the metal box, on the outer (front) side of which can form images of various design, to the inner wall of the outer side is attached teplozvukoizolirujushchej Mat, and the back of the box (facing inside the premises) closes hardened shumovlagozashchitnom fireproof sheet material with a high level of adhesion",

- allows you to create blocks weighing 16-18 kg, dimensions 1000×700×200 mm, 500×700×200 mm and polarome, convenient for quick installation, providing excellent design of the front side of the building, a high level of teplozvukoizolyacia and fire safety, reduced handling, loading or unloading, 100%exclusion of waste, reduced labor costs, increases the seismic stability and the pace of construction, generally 2-3 times and forms of window, door and arched openings, eliminates the need for jumpers.

- Feature "...duplicated on the inner side teplozvukoizolirujushchej material forming additional air cushion inside the box, while the contours of the sheet material is shifted upward and to the side, otnositelno metal boxes, at least 10-12 cm from the butt joints of the blocks that are on the perimeter are equipped with locks to vimoksalehi",

- allows to eliminate the cold season, on the one hand, the formation of "cold joints", areas of moisture and placevine in places docking connections, and on the other - allows you to create blocks inside insulated air cavity, which increases the safety of heat in the winter and reduce heating of the premises during the heat of summer.

- Sign on the bottom surface of the multilayer universal lightweight unit is a protrusion on the upper surface of the groove and on the vertical sides in places vzaimopriznanija made grooves in the form of reverse cones located mirror, and additionally it is inserted similar form curly rake"

- helps improve strength narodnih walls and internal partitions, seismic safety, the pace of masonry walls and the formation of smooth surfaces both inside and outside, helps neutralize "cold bridges".

- Feature "block for internal partition walls made with the possibility of closing both sides hardened shumovlagozashchitnom fireproof sheet material with a high level of adhesion",

- allows you to shape the construction of communications in the internal re is Orozco, and thereby greatly reduces the complexity of the finishing works.

Thus the goal of the project to the invention solved.

The method of construction can be used during the construction of structures of any complexity and for household purposes. The method reduces the construction time, increase in strength and performance design, by applying industrial compact, lightweight, three-dimensional display elements in the form of blocks. Such construction design has good seismic performance.

The implementation of the method of construction does not require radical changes in the construction of the concrete frame, in addition to the formation of holes on the perimeter of monolithic reinforced concrete floors, for mounting multilayer universal lightweight blocks during installation.

The manufacture of multilayer universal lightweight blocks is carried out on a typical stamping-forging equipment.

Multilayer universal lightweight block, by applying it only natural non-combustible mineral materials selected from a range of fire-resistant materials, is fire resistant, can withstand indoor temperature above 1000 degrees Celsius for 3 hours, does not emit harmful substances, has a high strength ha what acteristically, durability and environmental friendliness. Keylock system, formed along the perimeter of the block, duplicated adhesive connection and hardening of the wall of the vertical metal rails allows to rank the proposed method of construction and multilayer teplocomunenergo universal lightweight unit to modern durable, earthquake resistant structures, satisfying consumer demands of developers and aesthetic requirements of designers, allowing you to shape the appearance of the structure, any textures and colors.

1. The method of construction, including the construction of the frame in the form of reinforced concrete, forming the outer walls of the multi-layer lightweight thermal insulation panels with adhesive, characterized in that the Foundation, monolithic ferro-concrete overlappings with coaxial holes in them and the vertical columns aligned with variants near multilayer universal lightweight teplozvukoizolirujushchej heat-resistant blocks in all planes and form the skeleton of the object taking into account loads from the physical masses of the external walls, internal partitions and other necessary elements, then the ends of solid floor slabs around the perimeter of the closed rectangular trenches with insulation, rigidly fix them on a monolithic peracre the AI, then proceed to the construction of external walls and internal partitions, while at the beginning of the set angular multilayer universal lightweight block, pre-coat the joints with glue, fix it to a vertical column of bracket, put to him the second block, pre-coated with adhesive at the interfaces and in the vertical lock formed by the coupling of two blocks, insert curly rail so she went into the coaxial hole in the monolithic ceiling, and so on, and blocks the second and subsequent rows are inserted protrusion on the bottom surface in the groove on the upper surface of the blocks, and so on, the number for the next lay out the blocks, simultaneously forming a window, door and arched openings, with the surface of the universal lightweight blocks inside the construction on both sides can be closed standard hardened noise and vlagozaschischayuschuyu fireproof sheets with a high level of adhesion, which simultaneously cover several blocks.

2. Multilayer universal lightweight unit to implement the method of construction according to claim 1, consisting of a layer of insulating material, protected by a metal sheet, characterized in that constructively made from extruded, with the ribs of the metal boxes, naru is Noah (front) side of which can form images of various design, to the inner wall of the outer side is attached teplozvukoizolirujushchej Mat, and the reverse side of the box facing inside the room, closes hardened shumovlagozashchitnom fireproof sheet material with a high level of adhesion is duplicated on the inner side teplozvukoizolirujushchej material, formerum advanced air cushion inside the box, and the outer contours of the sheet material is shifted upward and to the side relative to the metal boxes on the minimum distance of 10-12 cm from the butt joints of the blocks that are on the perimeter are equipped with locks to vimoksalehi, while on the lower surface of the block is a ledge on the top surface and groove on the vertical sides in places vzaimopriznanija made grooves in the form of reverse cones located mirror, and additionally it is inserted similar form curly rail and the block for internal partition walls made with the possibility of closing both sides hardened shumovlagozashchitnom fireproof sheet material with high adhesion.



 

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4 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method to erect an external wall of a building, when first the building carcass is erected, which comprises bearing elements, then carcasses of pole panels are pre-assembled in the horizontal position, the external lining is installed, as well as the non-structural insulant and internal lining, and ends of the bearing elements of the building carcass are filled with the non-structural insulant. The erected wall and board or pole and board building carcass comprises such bearing elements as accordingly vertical walls and boards of slabs or pillars and boards of slabs, and carcasses of adjacent pole panels turned into the vertical position are so installed on the finished building carcass that they protrude outside the carcass, and then the carcasses of adjacent panels are aligned in the horizontal and vertical planes to match them in order to produce a single plane of the wall, besides, the carcasses of adjacent panels are connected to each other by sides with a vertical gap, where a compensating gasket is filled, and they are fixed onto the finished building carcass by fastening elements. Then external lining is mounted onto each panel, and the lining comprises a fireproof air permeable material and horizontally and vertically aligned -shaped profiles of the crate that follows the panel contour to its sides and protrudes beyond the limits of the upper side of the panel carcass from 1/20 to 1/3 of the panel height, at the same time between sides of the crate near adjacent panels there is a vertical cavity gap, and upper sides of the crate form a horizontal cavity gap at adjacent floors of the building, then a finishing facade layer is suspended to the crate, and outside of the building the non-structural insulant is installed into the thrust to the pole carcass of each panel, at the same time the non-structural insulant of ends of slab, wall and pillar boards is placed in the fireproof air permeable material and rigidly fixed to them by fastening elements, further inside the building the internal lining is placed in the panels, besides, above door and/or window openings there are additional vertically aligned - profiles of the crate installed.

EFFECT: improved fire resistance, higher reliability, strength, tightness, service life and thermal properties.

3 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: reinforced stone socle of a small building includes a spatial frame structural system from rigidly coupled vertical and horizontal bar reinforced stone elements with thin stiffening diaphragms made by high-quality masonry from an ordinary ceramic brick and reinforcing their spatial reinforcement frames. Couplings of bar elements are laid along tying systems and by bringing all longitudinal rods of the reinforcement frame of each of coupled bar elements for the entire thickness of an element of a transverse direction, at the same time to the main longitudinal rods of the spatial reinforcement frame of each bar element stretching through the entire length of this element there are additional longitudinal rods added stretching via a coupling and a quarter of its length, in which rods of transverse reinforcement are installed twice more frequently than in the middle part of the element. Rods of reinforcement frames are installed with thorough closing in brick holes, in masonry joints or in cut slots of brick flat edges. Brick masonry is made in horizontal rows, in accordance with a multi-row system with binding of joints into a half of a brick permitting match of these joints in not more than three neighbouring rows, with tight and full closing of all brick holes, masonry joints, cut slots in bricks with a high-quality, low-grain plasticized multi-component concrete.

EFFECT: higher bearing capacity, stability, rigidity and durability of structures of small stone buildings with a basement.

2 dwg

Low rise building // 2369707

FIELD: construction industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to construction industry and can be used during erection of low rise apartment, social and industrial buildings. Low rise building includes foundation, support pillars, floorings, roof and enclosing wall structures. The latter include internal heat-insulating layer made using flat plate warmth-keeping material, and external layers made from hardening material, which are equipped with reinforcing elements. At that, support pillars are attached to the foundation in the lower part and are used as structural members of the heat-insulating layer, and the gap between support pillars in the areas with no openings is filled with flat plate warmth-keeping material. At that, the pillar surface facing the outer side is covered with strip warmth-keeping material. Internal and external surfaces of the heat-insulating layer of the enclosing wall structure are covered with lath, preferably metal one, which is attached to support pillars. Besides outside the enclosing wall structure throughout its surface area with no openings there formed is a multi-layered reinforcement frame including at least four layers of reinforcing bars, the first of which is directed horizontally and attached directly to pillars, and the second one is directed vertically, and such laying is repeated in subsequent layers and their reinforcing bars are arranged on symmetry axes of the squares formed with the first pair of layers of the reinforcement frame. At that, layers of the bars are attached to each other. Width of foundation is not less than thickness of the enclosing wall structure and vertical bars rest on the foundation surface. Besides as the hardening material, there used is plaster material the layer thickness of which is more than thickness of reinforcing layers on the surfaces of the enclosing wall structure. Besides height of support pillars is less than height of the wall by thickness of horizontal bar comprising the flooring frame, which rests on the end surface of support pillar and is attached to it.

EFFECT: providing high structural strength of heat-insulating layer and owing to that the possibility of making the building wall immediately throughout the whole height with temporary use of heat-insulating layer in order to retain reinforcement elements of external layers of the wall, as well as increasing heat-insulating characteristics of the wall because there are no cold joints in it.

8 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly wall siding for energy-conservation residential, public and other buildings.

SUBSTANCE: wall siding member comprises closed three-dimensional frame mating in cross-section with member shape and embedded members arranged at member ends in areas adapted for one member leaning against another one or in contact areas. The member has L-shaped cross-section and flange in lower part thereof. The flange is provided with orifices distributed along flange length and extending for the full thickness thereof. The orifices are filled with effective heat insulation material having γ≤2 kN/m3.

EFFECT: increased heat-insulation properties and spatial building stability, reduced material consumption.

3 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly for erection of skeleton-type bearing-wall building having masonry parts.

SUBSTANCE: junction comprises inner and outer masonry layers, intermediate layer of heat-insulation material, building frame column and thrust beam. The column has two consoles. Thrust beam end is supported by outer console of the column and connected to it by welding of embedded members. Thrust beam is provided with windows aligned with intermediate layer and filled with heat-insulation material. Side face of the beam is flush with outer side of the wall.

EFFECT: provision of simultaneous masonry and building case due to substitution of self-loading outer wall for curtain non-bearing masonry wall.

2 cl, 2 dwg

The invention relates to a construction system , in particular to a kit or set of building elements that can be installed in a variety of ways to create basic designs with different shapes and configuration

The invention relates to the construction industry, and specifically to stenosoma fencing buildings made of prefabricated panels

The invention relates to the construction and can be used when mounting the multilayer metal wall
The invention relates to homes, and is intended for the construction of a individual wooden buildings, such as houses, barns, etc

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: building module comprises a base element, formed from silicate bricks, extruded gypsum-based bricks, foam concrete or aerated concrete blocks or ceramic extruded bricks, and having parallel bed surfaces, with at least two pairs of coaxial holes and fixing elements of straight and reverse cones placed in them. Axes of conical parts of fixing elements of straight cones and adjacent surfaces of collars, which determine the gap between layers of masonry, are made at the angle to the axes of seating surfaces of the same elements mounted in holes of the base element. Also the version of the module is described, as well as the versions of the method to erect building walls using the specified building modules.

EFFECT: increased labour efficiency in construction, lower prime cost of modules, higher quality of building module installation.

13 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: structural block comprises the first and second element, identical to the above first element, at the same time each of the above elements has, in general, a parallelogram shape with a central hole and a cut in one angle and inner walls formed at least in the above central hole, at the same time the above element rotates relative to the other element approximately at the angle of 180°, and each element has a truncated inner surface, partially formed by the above inner hole; each element is connected with the other element by means of stretching via the central hole of the other element and substantially closing this central hole, and each element has a face surface directed towards the appropriate face surface of the other element; above cuts are arranged along a diagonal axis stretching via the above elements and via the above windows; the above elements may turn along the above diagonal axis between the closed position, in which face surfaces contact with each other, and the open position, in which the above face surfaces are separated, and truncated inner surfaces of elements rest against each other and act as stops to limit movement of the above elements. Also a wall, a window for a building and an architectural structure using the above block are described.

EFFECT: reduced cost for construction of structures.

20 cl, 12 dwg

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