Method and device for impregnation products

FIELD: textiles, paper.

SUBSTANCE: method of surface treatment of footwear, handbags, gloves and other leather products or products made of artificial leather, includes the following stages: the possible closing of the surface or part of the products, which should not be treated, the possible timing of operation of the spraying unit, placing the treated products into the chamber, closing the said chamber and starting automatically or manually the following additional stages, actuation of the said spraying unit to form an aerosol of the impregnating means in the said chamber for applying the impregnating means to the surface of the products, actuation of the air pump, the fan or the corresponding means for removal of excess of the impregnating means from the said chamber, the retention of excess of the impregnating means in the filter, preferably in the filter containing activated carbon.

EFFECT: elimination of exposure with harmful substances in the atmosphere due to treatment of footwear in a closed chamber in the enterprise.

10 cl, 14 dwg

 

The technical FIELD

This invention relates to a method of impregnation product, for example, shoes, bags, gloves, other leather goods or articles made of artificial leather, which refers to the type defined in the restrictive part of claim 1 of the formula.

The invention also relates to a device for execution of the proposed method.

BACKGROUND of the INVENTION

When buying footwear and other leather goods have become almost universally accepted buy aerosol container with a suitable impregnating agent. When making a purchase does not always remember, there is already an appropriate treatment tool houses, which often leads to unnecessary purchasing, so many homes have got several aerosol cans with a larger or smaller quantity of impregnating products.

This warehouse aerosol, cylinders impregnating content in practice, it may create serious environmental problem, because these tanks cannot be thrown out with the trash when cleaning, and should be sent to the disposal station.

In addition, the use of aerosol cans with an impregnating agent or essentially any other content has an adverse effect on the environment caused by the release into the atmosphere of the compressed substance from the container when it is used.

the thus, the it is expected that in the foreseeable future will be imposed a ban on the use of aerosol cans containing a harmful mixture of compressed fluids and, among other things, impregnating means.

The PURPOSE of the INVENTION

Taking into account the above assumptions the purpose of this invention is to provide a method and device that are related to the type described in the introduction, and using simple technical means provide the ability to eliminate the above disadvantages by surface treatment or impregnation of the articles mentioned in the introduction, for example, shoes.

The INVENTION

A method of surface treatment of the footwear, bags, gloves, other leather goods or articles made of artificial leather, comprising the following steps: the possible closure of the surface or part of the products, which should not be processed, you can choose the time of operation of the spray unit, the location of the processed products in the chamber, closing the specified camera and run automatically or manually following additional steps: bringing the specified spray unit for aerosol formation from impregnating means in said chamber for applying an impregnating means on the surface of the products, the actuation of the air pump, fan or an appropriate tool for removal the Oia excess impregnating funds from the specified camera, retention of excess impregnating means in the filter, preferably a filter containing activated charcoal.

Thus, a simple way and simple technical means can be eliminated the above-mentioned disadvantages, which otherwise arise in connection with surface treatment in the form of impregnation of footwear and other leather products.

As an alternative to conventional home impregnation shoes with this invention you can already provide, for example, in a Shoe store optimal surface treatment in the form of wetting shoes specific impregnating agent.

In accordance with the invention, the method may include the following additional steps: select impregnating products and installation of the nozzles of the spray unit depending on the size and shape of the actual product.

For processing products that cannot stand in the compartment independently, the proposed method can mainly include the following additional steps: suspension products, which must be subjected to surface treatment and which can not be compartment on their own, and/or maintenance of products to great heights, for example, boots, in a vertical position, for example, with internal supports in the tops.

The invention also relates to a device which is actually used for impregnation products in accordance with the method according to claim 1, which contains an enclosed chamber, one or more containers for storing specific impregnating means and connected to an electric pump, using a valve system containing one or more valves, and differs in that the said pump is connected with one or more spray nozzles mounted in said camera, it does have the electronic control device for actuating the specified pump and valve system to connect them with the container containing the particular impregnating means, filter and air pump, fan or an appropriate tool, made with establishing vacuum in said chamber to remove from her residual impregnating means and holding the specified balance in the specified filter.

For optimization of surface treatment and minimize the use of impregnating means of the proposed device may include a scanner, photo or video camera or other means, which are intended to define the shape and size located in the chamber of the products and, if the coordinating control device to trigger a specific spray nozzles.

In addition, the proposed device may contain the funds destined for maintaining the elongated who's products, for example, high boots, in the camera vertically or in limbo.

Mainly proposed device may contain a drawer located under the camera, preferably accessible from the front of the device specified and contains the filter and possibly also storage containers impregnating products.

To facilitate access to the spray chamber may be pre-emptive execution of the proposed device so that the chamber contains a sliding door configured to open by moving up and containing preferably an electric actuator.

Description of the DRAWINGS

The following is a detailed description of the invention with reference to the drawings, in which:

figure 1 represents a view in plan of the front variant execution device in accordance with the invention,

figure 2 depicts a view in the background to the right of the device shown in figure 1,

figure 3 depicts a view in plan of the front of the device shown in figure 1, with open chamber,

figure 4 depicts a view in plan on the left of the device shown in figure 1,

figure 5 depicts a view in top plan of the device shown in figure 1,

6 depicts a view in plan of the device shown in figure 2, open-box,

7 depicts a view in plan of the front of the second Varian is and run the device in accordance with the invention,

Fig depicts a view in plan of the device shown in figure 1, provided with legs,

Fig.9 depicts a view in plan of the device shown in figure 2, provided with legs, and

figure 10 depicts a transparent view angle of the back is a perspective view of the preferred option execution device in accordance with the invention,

11 depicts a view in plan from the side of the device shown in figure 10,

Fig depicts a view of a perspective view corresponding to figure 10, in which the top drawer is in the open position for insertion of the processed products,

Fig depicts a view in plan, corresponding to the view shown in Fig, and

Fig depicts a simplified view in perspective view of a preferred device in accordance with the invention, shown in figure 10-13.

DETAILED description of the INVENTION

The device 2 shown in figure 1-6 made in the form of a generally box-shaped Cabinet 4, which contains the front door in the form of a sliding door 6 (Fig 3) and the bottom drawer 8 with front side 10. The specified Cabinet 4 includes an inner spray chamber 12 with a flat bottom plate 14, which may be based products subjected to surface treatment.

When opening the sliding door 6, as shown in figure 3, by using the control button 16 is available, the display 18, for example, with three keys, the mi 20-24, designed to select a specific impregnating products.

After the preliminary selection by pressing one of the keys 20-24 door 6 is closed and start the device 2 by pressing the control button 16, or impregnating the processing starts immediately after the closing of the door 6. During operation of the device 2 button 16 is preferably illuminated and is in an unusable state, so that it does not work when pressed.

At the end of the impregnation treatment, the duration of which can accurately be set or adjusted, automatically starts the air pump, fan or similar tool built into the bottom of the Cabinet 4, preferably for box 8, to provide vacuum in the chamber 12, so that the residual impregnating means is output through a filter, preferably a filter containing activated carbon and, for example, built-in drawer 8. Preferably the depth of the box is less than the depth of the Cabinet 4, as can be seen, inter alia, from figure 4 and 6, and figure 4 additionally shows the outlet 26 of the air pump, a fan or similar means, located outside the box 8.

Box 8 may also, as indicated above, to have space for, for example, three storage containers impregnating means. As additionally shown in figure 2, 6 and 8, box 8 has a locking device 28 under the key, so the AK box 8 should normally opened only officially approved range of violence. On Fig and 9 shows that the device 2 can be respectively provided with legs 30 so that the rack 4 may be located at the working level, convenient for staff.

7 depicts an alternative embodiment of the device 32, which contains the rotary door 34 suspended from the loop to the left, and the display 36 with the corresponding panel 38 of the control buttons 40-46.

Figure 10-14 shows the preferred embodiment of the device 48, in which the bottom plate 50 and the upper front door 52 of the atomizing chamber 12 is retractable in the form of a box 54 which, as illustrated in Fig and 13, may be raised to provide space for the introduction of products on the side of the camera 12. The bottom plate 50 is made of plate 56 with holes, forming a connection through the upper corrugated drip filter 58 with cubic filter cartridge 60, which is preferably filled with activated charcoal and is located directly under the camera 12 in the compartment 62, to which you have access through the front lower door 64.

In compartment 64 directly under the filter box 60 is the fan 66, providing the excretion of excess impregnating liquid through the cassette 60 and, in addition, is connected with the environment through the lower vent hole 68 in the bottom of the device 48.

To the Yes after impregnation of about 6600 pairs of shoes with the consumption 37-42 liters impregnating liquid arises the need to replace the cartridge 60, which contains the filter 58, the front lower door 64 is opened, after which the replaceable cartridge 60 can be moved down using the rotary linkage mechanism 70 with transverse drive arm 73, so that the used cartridge 60 can be removed and replaced with appropriate new cartridge 60.

Figure 11 filter cartridge 60 is shown in its lower position in which the cartridge 60 and the bottom plate 50 has a free period, whereas the cassette 60 to Fig shown in its upper working position, in which it is located under the plate 50 is very close to it.

To protect or facilitate cleaning of the interior walls and the bottom plate 50 of the atomizing chamber 12 can mainly be applied to the inner coating of reticulated polyurethane foam, in which one inch represents about 70-80 then (28-32 pores/cm), for example, type Regicell 80 HIFI Black density of about 30 kg/m3.

The said coating plate 50 has only a very small influence on the penetration of air through the plate 50 with the holes (Fig). Under normal operating conditions, the specified internal coating must be replaced more frequently than the filter cartridge 60, for example, approximately after every 2000 operations impregnation processing.

In the prototype of the proposed device 48 of the filter cartridge is made of MF-plate (fibreboard medium density). As for the new filter cassette 60, the actual cartridge is made of much lighter material, for example, fibrous cardboard. In this regard, it is important to note that the used cartridge 60 are completely safe and can be eliminated together with debris during cleaning.

Applied impregnating liquid, in particular, designed for impregnation of shoes, gloves, clothes, etc. the liquid dries quickly and hardens within about 90 minutes at 20°Sona does not cause discoloration, appearance of spots or stains, protects the fabric from fading in sunlight, from damage by fungus, mold and fungal mold. Impregnating liquid can be used on oiled fabric of nylon/viscose, it makes it completely opaque.

In a preferred embodiment of the proposed device 48, shown in figure 10-14, the specified device includes a housing 76 of sheet stainless steel, which is made in one piece, forming the exterior rear and side walls, it is assumed that the operation of the access to the interior of the device is ensured only through the upper and lower front doors 52, 64.

In the lower L-shaped box 74, located behind the filter cartridge 60 and under it, placed one or bol is e containers for storing the treatment liquid, whereas for fixed rear casing 70 of the atomizing chamber 12, from which the specified camera 12 are respective spray nozzles 72 are pump 71 and other compounds filing.

Full processing time is about 25 C, and the actual processing takes 2×350 MS, and about 20 are used for drying the processed product. The bandwidth used by the fan 66 is about 100 m3per hour, with the release of the spray compartment occurs when air 1.5-1. The interval between treatments is about 4 C.

The specific configuration of the atomizing chamber 12 may be changed in accordance with necessity, depending on the actual products, impregnated with device 2, 32, 48.

For example, the camera 12 may be provided near the spray nozzles, which have a fixed mutual position or volatile mutual arrangement. Another possibility is to run the camera 12 with a number of movable spray nozzles, if the actual pattern of movement defined by the shape and size of the actual impregnated product.

In addition, as indicated above, the camera 12 may contain instruments or tools for hanging or strengthening otherwise products that either can't stand samostojatel is but or have a great height, for example, high boots.

It is assumed that a very broad prospective application of the proposed method and device will be processed by impregnation of clothing, in particular, hunting clothing, leisure wear, skiing, children's clothing, including children's winter suits.

It is assumed the use of this invention in more promising areas of business activity, such as aseptic processing shoes bowling shoes issued to rent or borrow), and aseptic processing summer shoes, particularly sandals.

This project is expected or planned for use on an industrial scale, so that the method and apparatus in accordance with this invention are intended primarily for use in special warehouses of footwear and leather goods, in which the device is installed upon mutual agreement (franchise agreement)with the service provided by the company that owns the specified device (treatment plants) and installs them. In other words, a single user or the merchant preferably pays a fixed amount of payment is determined by a specific number of treatments, and possibly the type of processing, because the pre is positive, processing a pair of high boots requires more cost than processing a pair of shoes.

Accordingly, the device has an external counter or display, which reads the data about the payment and the reading of which in accordance with the prior art, for example, can be carried out remotely. Alternatively, the device may be made with the possibility of messages with a service company using the short message service (SMS) or other wireless communication with the object that executes remotely controlled reading.

In the future when buying shoes or other leather goods, which usually require subsequent impregnation, normal should be the issue of the seller when buying "should I soak shoes?", "should I soak the boots?" or "should I soak the bag?".

In conclusion, it should be noted that the treatment device shown and described within the scope of the invention, may be implemented as a machine, which is designed for installation in hotels, shopping centres, railway stations and bus stations or other public places.

1. The method of surface processing of footwear, bags, gloves, other leather goods or articles made of artificial leather, comprising the following steps: the possible closure of the surface or part of the goods, the which should not be processed, possible timing of operation of the spray unit, the location of the processed products in the chamber (12), the closure of the specified camera and run automatically or manually following additional steps, bringing the specified spray unit for aerosol formation from impregnating means in said chamber for applying an impregnating means on the surface of the products, the actuation of the air pump, fan or the appropriate tools to remove excess impregnating products from the specified camera (12), retention of excess impregnating means in the filter (60), preferably in the filter containing activated charcoal.

2. The method according to claim 1, which further choose a treatment tool and set the nozzle of the spray unit depending on the size and shape of the actual product.

3. The method according to claim 1, which further suspend the product, which must be subjected to surface treatment and who can't stand in the compartment (12) by yourself.

4. The method according to claim 1, which further support the product height, for example boots, in a vertical position, for example, with internal supports in the tops.

5. The device (2, 32, 48) for impregnation products in accordance with the method according to claim 1, containing an enclosed chamber (12), one or more Conte is uneven, intended for storing particular impregnating means and connected with an electric pump (71) using a valve system containing one or more valves, characterized in that the pump (71) is connected to one or more spray nozzles (72)located in said chamber (12), and it contains the electronic control device for actuating the specified pump (71) and valve systems to connect them with the container containing the particular impregnating agent, the filter (60) and the air pump, fan (66) or corresponding means, designed to create a vacuum in said chamber (12) to remove residual impregnating means and holding the specified balance in the specified filter (60).

6. The device (2, 32, 48) according to claim 5, characterized in that the electronic control device is connected to display means (18), accessible from the front of the device specified(2, 32, 48).

7. Device (48) according to claim 5, characterized in that it contains a scanner, photo or video camera or other means, which are intended to define the shape and size located in the chamber (12) products and, if the coordinating control unit to trigger a specific spray nozzles.

8. Device (48) according to claim 5, characterized in that it is has the tools, designed to maintain the elongated products, such as high boots, in the camera vertically or in limbo.

9. The device (2) according to claim 5, characterized in that it comprises a drawer (8), located under the camera (12), accessible from the front of the specified device (2) and containing the specified filter and possibly also, these storage containers impregnating products.

10. The device (2) according to claim 5, characterized in that the chamber contains a sliding door (6), made with the possibility of opening by moving up and containing preferably an electric actuator.



 

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