Mulching composition (versions)

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, NA-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Takakiopsida moss and Larix kamtschatica larch needles, and water in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, NA-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Takakiopsida moss 10-15, Larix kamtschatica larch needles 8-9, water - the balance. Other versions of polymer-natural mulching quantitative compositions are also disclosed.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl

 

The invention relates to the chemistry of synthetic substances polymer in a mixture with organic and natural substances, for example, for urban and agricultural purposes or compositions for mulching different types of soils, lawns, parks and gardens.

Was formerly known such a composition of the mulch, which is used polyacrylamide, urea, lignosulfonate, potassium chloride and water in the following ratio, wt.%: polyacrylamide 0,25-0,75, lignosulfonate 0.5 to 1.5, urea, 0.4 to 0.8, potassium chloride 1-3, water - the rest (patent of Russia №2034899 C1, 1995, a class of the international classification of patents SC 17/00).

However, this patent did not use natural materials is a significant disadvantage. Nature provides many suitable materials, many mosses, different types of wood waste, bark, shavings, chips. In this case, different types of wood can be combined with different kinds of synthetic materials - polymers, their waste if they are harmless to the environment.

In the technical result of the invention is the use of numerous kinds of natural materials, that is, the extension of the range of compositions for mulching soils.

This result is achieved by the fact that the composition of the mulch according to the invention contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride, and ka is este natural supplements moss species Takakiopsida and needles of larch Larix kamtschatica, water in the following, wt%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
PA-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Takakiopsida10-15
needles of larch Larix kamtschatica8-9
waterthe rest of it.

As variants invented the following compounds, which are changed (selected) important relations for moss and pine needles, wt.:

moss species Takakiopsida10-15
needles of larch Larix kamtschaticafrom 9.1 to 9.5

or

moss species Takakiopsida10-15
needles of larch Larix kamtschatica9,8-11

The composition prepared as follows.

These ingredients are subjected separately to grinding and after the shift is more in the aquatic environment.

The table shows various examples of variants of the invention:

Table
IngredientsWt.%
123
lignosulfonate, wt.%0,10,250,4
urea, wt.%0,20,40,6
Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, wt.%0,30,350,4
Potassium chloride, wt.%123
moss species Takakiopsida mass%101315
needles of larch Larix kamtschatica, wt.%89,510

1. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulfonate is, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species Takakiopsida and needles of larch Larix kamtschatica, water in the following, wt%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
PA-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Takakiopsida10-15
needles of larch Larix kamtschatica8-9
waterthe rest of it.

2. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species Takakiopsida and needles of larch Larix kamtschatica, water in the following, wt%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
PA-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Takakiopsida10-15
needles of larch Larix kamtschaticafrom 9.1 to 9.5
waterthe rest of it.

3. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species Takakiopsida and needles of larch Larix kamtschatica, water in the following, wt%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
PA-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Takakiopsida10-15
needles of larch Larix kamtschatica9,8-11
waterthe rest of it.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Takakiopsida moss and Larix decidua larch needles, and water in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Takakiopsida moss 10-15, Larix decidua larch needles 8-9, water - the balance.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

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FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mulching composition contains, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, and as natural additives - Sphaerocarpus moss 10-15 and Larix cajanderi larch needles 8-9, water - the balance. The amounts are reflected in different versions of the polymer-natural mulching compositions.

EFFECT: use of said compositions improves the environment.

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SUBSTANCE: mulching composition contains, wt %: lignosulphonate - 0.1-0.4, carbamide - 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose - 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride - 1-3 and, and as natural additives - Takakiopsida moss 10-15 and Larix komarovii larch needles 8-9, and water - the balance. Versions of the compositions reflect different amounts.

EFFECT: use of such polymer-natural mulching compositions improves the environment.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mulching composition contains, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, and as natural additives - Jungermanniales moss 10-15 and Larix koreana larch needles 8-9, water - the balance. The amounts are reflected in different versions of the polymer-natural mulching compositions.

EFFECT: use of said compositions improves the environment.

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FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mulching composition contains, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.1-0.4, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride -0.3-0.4, natural additives - Tetraphidopsida moss 10-15 and Juniperus virginiana Aureospicata juniper needles 8-9, and water - the balance. The amounts are reflected in different versions of the polymer-natural mulching compositions.

EFFECT: use of said compositions improves the environment.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: composition of mulch cover comprises lignosulphonate, urea, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride, and as natural supplements the moss of species Polytrichopsida and needles of larch Larix koreana, and water in the following wt %: lignosulfonate 0.1-0.4, urea 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, moss of species Polytrichopsida 10-15, needles of larch Larix koreana 8-9, water - the rest. The amount of moss Polytrichopsida and needles of larch Larix koreana in the second and third versions of mulch cover is wt %, 10-15 and 9.1-9.5 or 9.8-11, respectively.

EFFECT: increase in the range of compounds for soil mulching.

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SUBSTANCE: composition of mulch cover comprises lignosulphonate, urea, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride, and as natural supplements the moss of species Takakiopsida and needles of larch Larix gmelinii, and water in the following wt %: lignosulfonate 0.1-0.4, urea 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, moss of species Takakiopsida 10-15, needles of larch Larix gmelinii 8-9, water - the rest. The amount of moss Takakiopsida and needles of larch Larix gmelinii in the second and third versions of mulch cover is wt %, 10-15 and 9.1-9.5 or 9.8-11, respectively.

EFFECT: increase in the range of compounds for soil mulching.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: composition of mulch cover comprises lignosulphonate, urea, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride, and as natural supplements the moss of species Takakiopsida and needles of juniper Juniperus h. Glauca, and water in the following wt %: lignosulfonate 0.1-0.4, urea 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, moss of species Takakiopsida 10-15, needles of juniper Juniperus h. Glauca 8-9, water - the rest. The amount of moss Takakiopsida and needles of juniper Juniperus h. Glauca in the second and third versions of mulch cover is wt %, 10-15 and 9.1-9.5 or 9.8-11, respectively.

EFFECT: increase in the range of compounds for soil mulching.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: composition of mulch cover comprises lignosulphonate, urea, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride, and as natural supplements the moss of species Takakiopsida and needles of juniper Juniperus squamata Holger, water in the following wt %: lignosulfonate 0.1-0.4, urea 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, moss of species Takakiopsida 10-15, needles of juniper Juniperus squamata Holger 8-9, water - the rest. The amount of moss Takakiopsida and needles of juniper Juniperus squamata Holger in the second and third versions of mulch cover is wt %, 10-15 and 9.1-9.5 or 9.8-11, respectively.

EFFECT: increase in the range of compounds for soil mulching.

3 cl, 1 tbl

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EFFECT: increase in the range of compounds for soil mulching.

3 cl, 1 tbl

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SUBSTANCE: composition of mulch cover comprises lignosulphonate, urea, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride, and as natural supplements the moss of species Jungermanniale and needles of larch Larix lyallii, as well as water in the following wt %: lignosulfonate 0.1-0.4, urea 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, moss of species Jungermanniales 10-15, needles of larch Larix lyallii 8-9, water - the rest. Additionally other versions of quantitative compositions of polymer-natural mulch cover are disclosed.

EFFECT: increase in the range of compounds for soil mulching.

3 cl, 1 tbl

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EFFECT: increase in the range of compounds for soil mulching.

3 cl, 1 tbl

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EFFECT: increase in the range of compounds for soil mulching.

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EFFECT: invention enables to improve the agro-chemical properties of the fertiliser.

2 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

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EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemistry of synthetic substances - polymer substances in a mixture with organic and natural substances, for example, for urban and agricultural purposes, or to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition is characterised by that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Pellia endiviifolia moss and Larix mastersiana larch needles, and water in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Pellia endiviifolia moss 10-15, Larix mastersiana larch needles 8-9, water - the balance. Other versions of polymer-natural mulching quantitative compositions are also disclosed.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemistry of synthetic substances - polymer substances in a mixture with organic and natural substances, for example, for urban and agricultural purposes, or to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition is characterised by that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Sphagnopsida moss and Larix lariciana larch needles, and water in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Sphagnopsida moss 10-15, Larix lariciana larch needles 8-9, water - the balance. Other versions of polymer-natural mulching quantitative compositions are also disclosed.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Pallavicinia moss and Larix kongboensis larch needles, and water in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Pallavicinia moss 10-15, Larix kongboensis larch needles 8-9, water - the balance. Other versions of polymer-natural mulching quantitative compositions are also disclosed.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mulching composition is characterised by that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Polytrichopsida moss and Juniperus h. Glauca juniper needles, and water in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Polytrichopsida moss 10-15, Juniperus h. Glauca juniper needles 8-9, water - the balance. Other versions of polymer-natural mulching quantitative compositions are also disclosed.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: mulching composition is characterised by that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Sphagnopsida moss and Larix kaempferi larch needles, and water in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Sphagnopsida moss 10-15, Larix kaempferi larch needles 8-9, water - the balance. Other versions of polymer-natural mulching quantitative compositions are also disclosed.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: agriculture, in particular dung and other organic raw material reprocessing.

SUBSTANCE: claimed method includes mixing of layered organic waste and peat, mixture charging into fermenter and subsequent aerobic composting by periodic air ventilation at mixture humidity of 50-60 %. Starting mixture additionally contains 10-20 % of brewing grain. Said brewing grain is layered before mixing with organic waste beforehand grinded up to grain-size of 0.1-10 mm and peat. Organic waste and peal with brewing grain are used in ratio of 50:50. Periodic mixture ventilation is carried out for 7 days during 10 sec per 10 min.

EFFECT: compost of improved nutritive value being used as fertilizer.

2 cl, 2 dwg, 2 tbl

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