Method of rehabilitation of patients with neurotic disorders
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of medicine, namely to psychiatry and medical psychology. Patients with neurotic disorders at the background of psychopharmacotherapy in combinations with different types of psychotherapy - family, rational-emotive, cognitive-behavioral, are demonstrated visual stimuli of "Drawn apperception test" by L.N.Sobchik. Test includes 8 thematic pictures, showing situations of interpersonal interaction of 2-3 contour figures of indefinite sex and age, modified into the form of video series, consisting of picture of one type on 9 colour backgrounds, 2 of which are achromatic - white and gray and 7 are chromatic - rainbow colours. Duration of demonstration of one picture on 9 colour backgrounds is 5 min, for one session. Session duration is 2 hours with group discussion of creative solution of way out of situation, depicted on picture, after each session, with course constituting 8 sessions.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to increase efficiency of rehabilitation, increase life quality.
2 dwg, 1 ex
The invention relates to medicine, namely to psychiatry and medical psychology.
The problem of rehabilitation of patients with neurotic disorders is relevant in connection with the insufficient efficacy of existing methods of pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy.
There is a method of rehabilitation of patients with neurotic disorders by assigning psychotropic drugs in combination with various types of psychotherapy (family system, rational-emotive, cognitive-behavioral) (Ellis A. Rational-Emotive Therapy // R. J. Corsini Current psychotherapies. Itasca, Ill.: Piacock, 1989. P.197-238; Ellis A., Dryden U. the Practice of rational-emotive behavioral therapy. - SPb.: Publishing house "Speech", 2002. - 352 S.; Eidemiller EG Family system cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy: an eclectic or a new integrative approach? // The integrative aspects of modern psychotherapy. L., 1992. P.51-56. Systemic family psychotherapy / edited Aguilera. - SPb.: Peter, 2002. - 368 S.).
The disadvantages of this method is the low efficiency of rehabilitation of patients with neurotic disorders, as well as the duration of treatment.
Known application of Drawing apperception test" Lincocin, representing an 8 story pictures depicting situations of interpersonal interaction 2-3 outline figures of indeterminate sex and is of sresta, placed once one patient individually to diagnose the causes and degree of neurotic (sobczyk LN. Drawing apperception test. - SPb.: Speech, 2002. - 32 S.).
The technical result of the proposed solution is to increase the effectiveness of rehabilitation by reducing psychopathological symptoms (somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility), improve cognitive and behavioral coping strategies, improving the quality of life and also the expansion of the Arsenal of methods of rehabilitation.
This result is achieved by the fact that the group of patients with neurotic disorders during treatment with psychotropic drugs and psychotherapy in addition provide visual stimuli Drawing apperception test" Lincocin, including 8 scene pictures depicting situations of interpersonal interaction 2-3 outline figures of indeterminate sex and age, modified in the form of video consisting of images of the same species in 9 color background, 2 of which are achromatic (white and grey) and 7 - chromatic (color of the rainbow), the duration of presentation of one picture 9 color backgrounds to 5 minutes per session, session duration 2 hours group discussion after each session creative solutions out of the situation, the image of the military in the picture, course of 8 sessions. The inclusion of color backgrounds can influence the emotional conflict that caused neurotic disorder.
Does not follow from the prior art is the fact that the additional use in the treatment diagnostic stimulus material Drawing apperception test" Lincocin in the group form contributes to the efficiency of rehabilitation of patients with neurotic disorders, decision situations.
The method is as follows. The group of patients with neurotic disorders, including relatives of patients with schizophrenia, on the background of pharmacotherapy in combination with various types of psychotherapy (family system, rational-emotive, cognitive-behavioral) in addition provide visual stimuli Drawing apperception test" Lincocin (sobczyk LN. Drawing apperception test. - SPb.: Speech, 2002. - 32 S.), including 8 scene pictures depicting situations of interpersonal interaction 2-3 outline figures of indeterminate sex and age, modified in the form of video consisting of images of the same species in 9 color background, 2 of which are achromatic (white and grey) and 7 - chromatic (color of the rainbow), the duration of presentation of one picture 9 color backgrounds 5 min per session, session duration 2 hours group discussion after each session creative solutions out of the situation depicted in the picture.
On subsequent sessions, the same procedure is repeated with other test images, the course of 8 sessions.
The effectiveness of psychotherapy appreciate multidimensional questionnaire severity of psychopathological symptoms SCL-90-R, developed by L. Derogatis et al. (Option Check List-90-Revised - SCL-90-R) (Tarabrina NV workshop on the psychology of post-traumatic stress. - SPb.: Peter. - 2001. - P.146-157) and the methods of diagnosis coping mechanisms Enem adapted in the laboratory of clinical psychology, psycho-Neurological Institute. After academician V.M. bekhterov, under the leadership of MD Professor Lieverman (Nabiullina P.P., Tuhtarova IV psychological defense Mechanisms and coping with stress. The tutorial. - Kazan: Kazan state medical Academy, 2003. - P.24-30).
Example 1. Patient N., 1958 born in the Diagnosis of Neurotic disorder. F48.9.
The patient had complained of a night of sleep disorders, fatigue, inability to relax, irritability, resentment, crying, debilitating guilt for possible involvement in developed my son's disease, mood swings, "the waves of anxiety that appeared soon after the establishment of the son of dia is nose "schizophrenia". Patient were prescribed psychotropic drugs (antidepressants, tranquilizers)while the patient was included in the group, where he conducted classes in systemic family psychotherapy in combination with other types of psychotherapy (rational-emotive, cognitive-behavioral). After 2 weeks in the patient's condition remained almost unchanged (normal night's sleep, cropped tearfulness, irritability). However, continued to be depressed, anxious, fixed on their experiences, touchy, guilt was still intense. Repeatedly during the day, think back to possible mistakes in upbringing, in your own behavior that impede the ability to switch attention to other contexts of life and impact on productivity in the work context. In addition to the above therapy two weeks later the patient presented visual stimuli Drawing apperception test" Lincocin, including 8 scene pictures depicting situations of interpersonal interaction 2-3 outline figures of indeterminate sex and age, modified in the form of video consisting of images of the same species in 9 color background, 2 of which are achromatic (white and grey) and 7 - chromatic (color of the rainbow), the duration of presentation of the one to whom stinky 9 color backgrounds - 5 min per session. Each session lasts 2 hours. Then the patient was included in a group discussion creative solutions out of the situation depicted in the picture.
On subsequent sessions, the same procedure was repeated with other test images. Course of 8 sessions.
As a result of the cropped treatment of psychosomatic disorders, decreased complaints, reduction of anxiety and discomfort during interpersonal interaction, the increasing interest in family, work performance. The indices on the scale of the SCL-90-R was decreased compared with estimates before treatment: on a scale of somatization from 1.25 to 0,92; on a scale of interpersonal sensitivity - of 2.11 and 0.92; on a scale of depression - from 1.23 to 0,77; on a scale of hostility from 0.8 to 0.3; the General index of the severity of the disorder - 1.01 and 0,71. Assessment of adaptive coping strategies according to the method Enem increased: on the cognitive strategies - from 1 (non-adaptive) to 3 (adaptive) points; behavioral strategies - 2 (relative to adaptive) to 3 (adaptive) points.
Thus, the additional use of visual stimuli Drawing apperception test" Lincocin, including 8 scene pictures depicting situations of interpersonal interaction 2-3 outline figures of indeterminate sex and age, modified in the form of video, status asego from a picture of one species on 9 color backgrounds, 2 of which are achromatic (white and grey) and 7 - chromatic (color of the rainbow), the duration of presentation of one picture 9 color backgrounds to 5 minutes per session, session duration 2 hours group discussion after each session creative solutions out of the situation depicted in the picture, the course of 8 sessions, on the background of pharmacotherapy in combination with various types of psychotherapy (family system, rational-emotive, cognitive-behavioral), contributed to the reduction of anxiety and subdepression symptoms and adaptation to current family situation. The family of the patient has established links with other families of patients, jointly planning recreation and leisure.
The proposed method were treated 24 patients with neurotic disorder (F48). The positive effect of rehabilitation were obtained in 18 patients (75%).
For comparison were taken 2 groups of patients with neurotic disorders: 11 patients underwent rehabilitation of the proposed method, 12 patients (control group) were included in the traditional psychotherapeutic group. The results for the criterion U-Mann-Whitney (Nasledov A.D. Mathematical methods of psychological research: Analysis and interpretation of data / Addasiadau. - SPb: Speech, 2006. - 390 C.) showed the following: before the start of classes for both groups were identical in all the show is broken; after completion of the course between patients of both groups on a range of indicators revealed significant differences. In the group with the application of the proposed method significantly below the level of psychopathological symptoms on a range of indicators: somatization (p<0,05); interpersonal sensitivity (p<0,05); depression (p<0,01); hostility (p<0.05) and the General index of the severity of the disorder (p<0,05) (figure 1). In this group significantly increased level of adaptability cognitive (p<0.01) and behavioral (p<0.05) coping strategies (figure 2). Thus, the effectiveness of psychotherapeutic rehabilitation of the proposed method is significantly more efficient than traditional method of psychotherapy in patients with neurotic disorders.
This method has advantages such as enhancement of the efficiency of the method compared with the well-known, the acceleration of psychotherapeutic effects of rehabilitation by reducing psychopathological symptoms (somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility), improve cognitive and behavioral coping strategies, as well as improving the quality of life, expanding Arsenal of methods of rehabilitation.
The method of rehabilitation of patients with neurotic disorders, including the use of psychotropic drugs in combination with various types of psychotherapy: C the dark family, rational-emotive, cognitive-behavioral, characterized in that on the background of treatment with psychotropic drugs and psychotherapy in addition provide visual stimuli Drawing apperception test" Lincocin, including 8 scene pictures depicting situations of interpersonal interaction 2-3 outline figures of indeterminate sex and age, modified in the form of video consisting of images of the same species in 9 color background, 2 of which are achromatic: white and grey and 7 - chromatic: the colors of the rainbow, the duration of presentation of one picture 9 color backgrounds to 5 minutes per session, duration of session : 2 hours group discussion after each session creative solutions out of the situation depicted in the picture, the course of 8 sessions.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of psychophysiology, namely to correction of psychoemotional disorders in primary school children. Psychophysiological testing is carried out in accordance with which children with psychoemotional sphere disorders are identified. After that didactic games are carried out by means of pictograms and colour influence with application of software. In colouring various geometrical figures colour, preliminarily selected by children themselves, is used. In case of correct colouring picture consisting of geometrical figures of one colour against the background of another colour appears on monitor screen.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to increase level of psychoemotional resistance in primary school children by means of programmed game-training, as well as to enrich children's emotional sphere and improve methods of regulating personal emotions and feelings.
2 tbl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine and medical psychology, more specifically to the occupational adaptation assessment of mid-level health workers. What is involved is psychological testing of professional burnout, family relationship, active calling strategies, and objective functional status. The derived values are used to calculate linear discriminant functions (LDF) as per two assessment rates: LDF1 shows the risk factors of the occupational deadaptation; LDP2 provides stating the high occupational adaptation; the mid-level health workers have been grouped considering the highest LDF with a sign character: LDF(=-604.151-4.550X1+1.021X2+1.270X3-0.203X4-0.142X5+3.136X6+346.786X7+11.566X8; LDF2=-637.127+4.957X1+1.305X2+1.131X3-0.230X4-0.149X5+3.237X6+360.126X7+11.904X8, wherein X1 is assessed by the Independence scale; X2 is assessed by the Family Relationship Establishment scale; X3 is assessed by the PCI Preventive Management scale; X4 is the MBI generalised estimate; X5 is the blood circulation efficiency factor; X6 is the birth-death ratio; X7 is the functional change index; X8 is the stroke volume.
EFFECT: method enables the occupational adaptation assessment ensured by including the objective functional status and mathematical expressions of the regression analysis.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of medicine, in particular to psychiatry and can be applied for psychopathological estimation of psychic state of infants and preschool children. To perform psychopathological estimation of psychic state of infants and preschool children estimation of child's psychic and neurological state is performed. As symptoms of patient's psychic state estimated are state of sphere of cognitive functions: play, thinking, memory, speech; state of sphere of psychic activity: aim-oriented behaviour, volitional desires, motives, workability; state of emotional sphere, sphere of attraction, sensor perception, impairment of perception: acousma, photopsia, hallucinations, self-consciousness and state of sphere of social behaviour: communication disorders, autistic symptom, social skills. As symptoms of patient's neurological state, state of sphere of neurological signs, motor activity and state of initial vegetative tome - vagotonia and sympaticotonia are estimated. Estimation of each symptom is performed in points from 0 to 7. Total value of average point of identified symptoms for each sphere, reflecting severity of patient's psychic and neurological state, is calculated. Average points are summed up for each sphere and severity of state is determined in accordance with determined values, namely if the total sum of average points is from 0 to 9, psychic state is estimated as child's practical health; if value is from 10 to 18 points, presence of boundary psychic disorders is estimated, from 19 to 27 points - as mild severity of psychic disorders, from 28 to 36 - as moderate severity, from 37 to 45 points - as medium, from 46 to 54 - as severe, from 55 to 63 points, psychic state is estimated as extremely severe degree of psychic disorders.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to increase accuracy of psychic state of infants and preschool children due to application of differential and diagnostic criteria of symptoms of psychic disorders.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of medicine and is intended for determination of time of person's response to object which is moving away from them. Closed limiting contour, inside which test object of analogous configuration is concentrically placed, is shown on videomonitor screen. Test object is magnified in accordance with specified rate, with imitation of its movement towards the tested person. At the moment of supposed coincidence if dimensions of limiting closed contour and test object the tested person stops magnification of test object diameter by pressing "Stop" button. After that, calculated is error of mismatch of diameters of test object and limiting circle - time of lag error with positive sign or advance error with negative sign and specified time tested person is again shown closed contour, inside which test object with initial size and configuration is located concentrically. After that, time Tp of person's response to moving object is calculated as arithmetic mean by formula:
EFFECT: method makes it possible to increase technological possibilities due to determination of response time under conditions of simultaneous movement of object relative each other.
1 dwg, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, namely to neurology, and can be used for diagnostics of dysmnestic cognitive impairment, associated with first ischemic hemispheric stroke in period from 2 to 4 week of disease and identification of patients with higher risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. Parameter "Memory" is calculated for patient by summing up result of subtest "reproduction" MMSE and result of delayed reproduction of "Five words test", and if its value is lower than 8 points, ELISA of day urine is performed to patient to determine content of main melatonin metabolite 6-sulphatoxymelatonine, and if its value is lower than 4.0 ng/ml, dysmnestic cognitive impairment is diagnosed.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to accurately identify dysmnestic cognitive impairment in people after first ischemic hemispheric stroke in order to carry out timely inclusion into group of higher risk of Alzheimer's disease development and selection of pathogenetically grounded therapeutic and rehabilitative procedures.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of medicine, namely to narcology, to estimating risk of episodic intake of drugs by people of adolescent age. Index of aggressiveness is determined by means of Bass-Darky questionnaire (IA), gender index is determined by means of Boehm questionnaire (GI), level of autoantibodies to noradrenalin is determined by ELISA (ABN) and risk is calculated by formula Y=0.17(IA)-2(GI)-3.05(ABN). If Y is higher than 0, level of risk is determined as high.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to estimate risk of episodic intake of drugs by people of adolescent age with high accuracy.
1 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, in particular to carrying out pre-clinical tests of medications with application of transcutaneous electric pain stimulation. Device for transcutaneous electric pain stimulation of laboratory animals includes illuminated compartment, connected with darkened compartment, which has electrode floor, via a door. Illuminated compartment is provided with detachable source of light with graduated regulator of illumination and has transparent walls with non-transparent covering in the lower part. Electrode floor is made in form of two separate metal plates, electrically isolated from each other, has possibility to move outwards and is connected to electrical stimulator and microammeter.
EFFECT: application of the invention will make it possible to increase efficiency of installation operation due to ensuring required threshold or above-threshold transcutaneous electric pain stimulation with application of low-power electrical stimulators and selection of individual parameters of stimulation in work with different animals.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of medicine, namely to psychology, psychophysiology, optics, human ecology and can be used in education system at all its levels in studying brain activity; neuroscience, in creating new principles of neural network activity; can be applied in elaboration of computers of parallel principle of activity; in business and any other field, connected with application of creative artistic abilities. Visual system is used, impact with pictures, built by stereoscopic principle, is performed on it. It is taught to observe stereoscopic depth on it, to built pictures. Six stages are realised: at the first it is taught to observe depth in modes of superposition for generalised stereoscopic projections, or identically similar structures in two conditions of glance concentration - before picture or at remote subjects, for which purpose stereoscopic projection is used as identically similar picture "I" with building stereoscopic depth with k-elements. It is demonstrated to visual system, mode of superposition of structures is obtained; a number of elements q on picture "I" is fixed. If q is larger than k, the second stage of perception of pictures of primary condition of their observation as a whole and by separate details is started. At the second stage it is taught to independently build identically-similar pictures, starting from the simplest single images, with constant realisation of mode of superposition of structures in the process of their building, and teaching is continued to the level, when visual perception of single image separation from the background in mode of superposition begins, and after that, without superposition. Determination of number of elements of depth on picture "I" in conditions of superposition is repeated. At the third stage it is taught principles of creating and building and identically similar pictures with continuous overlap of images with d elements of stereoscopic depth, teaching is continued to the level, when visual perception of depth is observed for p larger than d number of images in mode of superposition and is finished, when analogical effects of depth remain and without condition of superposition. Number of elements of depth on picture "I" is checked in mode of superposition and without it. At the fourth stage identically similar pictures and conditions of their building are made more complex, for which purpose pictures with monocular spatial perspective of pictures with W elements of stereoscopic depth are used. Level of teaching is continued to the state, when perception of depth for number H, larger than number W, is fixed, and perspective of spatial perception of images remains without mode of superposition. At the fifth level pictures with effect of picture relief are selected, identically similar pictures are made on its basis, and levels of teaching are continued to volumetric perception of intensity of images of entire picture, conditions of appearance of depth of flat images are classified. At the sixth level abilities for any pictures to regulate perception of depth of flat images on flat pictures between each other both in mode of superposition of identically similar pictures and without it, where k, d, q, p, W, H are integers, informing about the number of images on pictures, for which stereoscopic displacement has been performed and number of images, for which effects of depth are observed.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to develop abilities of regulating perception of depth of flat images on flat pictures.
FIELD: information technology.
SUBSTANCE: device includes groups of input registers, input registers, groups of delay elements, switches, groups of cumulative adders, cumulative adders, groups of divider units, divider units, groups of output registers, output registers, registers, display units, groups of modulo subtractor units, groups of display units, a group of comparator units, groups of switches, OR elements, counters, a group of squarers, a group of digital inverters, multiplier units, subtractor units, square-root extractor units, NOT a clock pulse generator and a pulse distributor.
EFFECT: high objectiveness, reliability and speed of testing.
5 dwg, 4 tbl
SUBSTANCE: present invention refers to medicine, namely neurology, and may be used for the quantitative assessment of the cognitive function disorders. The patients suffering dyscirculatory encephalopathy are examined for praxis, gnosis, memory status, speech, attention and mentality by image brick test representing four small bricks sides of which shows parts of those characters to be further collected. The tasks are performs as follows: to name six objects on the pictures; to collect six topics on the picture; all the topics shall be collected in a sequence on the picture; to count the collected characters and bricks used to collect each picture. The patient shall name the collect objects 20 minutes later and assess the correctness of each task within the range of 0 to 6 points. Each task occurred to be correct makes 1 point; total score is calculated taking into account the time for tasks 1-4 that normally makes 35-40 seconds; if longer, 2 points is deducted from total score. If total score falling within the range of 32 to 34 point enables stating the cognitive disorders to be absent completely; total score being 29 to 31 shows the presence of the mild cognitive disorders, while total score 28 to 24 testifies to the moderate disorders, and the values less than 23 require stating the evident disorders.
EFFECT: technique enables providing higher diagnostic cognitive disorders in the patients with dyscirculatory encephalopathy and judging the presence or absence of the same.
2 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: method involves forming signals as tests requiring solution. The tests are shown with frequency changed proportionally to the frequency they are solved. The number of tests is set to be the same in the cases of recovered and tired state. General amount of time spent for finding solution for given number of tests and the number of tests having right solutions are determined in each state. Mental fatigue degree is evaluated from relative change of mean time needed for finding the right test solution using a relationship like (Tm.r- Tm.t)100%/Tm.t, where Tm.t = Tsum.t/Kr.t, Tm.r = Tsum.r/Kr.r, Tm.t is the time spent for finding the right answer in tired state, Tm.r is the time spent for finding the right answer in recovery state, Tsum.t is the total time spent to solve given number of tests in tired state, Tsum.r is the total time spent to solve given number of tests in recovered state, Kr.t is the number of right answers to the tests in tired state, Kr.r is the number of right answers to the tests in recovered state.
EFFECT: reliable estimation of fatigue degree.
SUBSTANCE: method involves determining prognostic parameter values like those of lung ventilation function after spoken rational and irrational test texts. Three values are calculated from the obtained data using linear classification functions. They are compared and functional cerebral asymmetry pattern is to be predicted from their values.
EFFECT: high accuracy and reliability of prognosis.
FIELD: medicine, neurology.
SUBSTANCE: by the table of quantitative evaluation of affected praxysis and gnosis as the value of cerebral corical disorders and degree of dementia manifestation level one should calculate in points these disorders. Moreover, if total value is above 24 points one should diagnose no disorders, if 20-23 points - light disorders, if 10-19 points - moderate disorders, and if below 9 points - pronounced functional disorders are stated upon.
EFFECT: higher accuracy of diagnostics.
1 ex, 1 tbl
FIELD: medicine, pediatrics.
SUBSTANCE: the present method deals with predicting deviations in psychic disorders in small children to detect initial manifestations of psychic disorders in children aged 1 mo - 3 yr. A child undergoes diagnostic tests to study 5 spheres of psychic activity: sensorics including the studying of vision, hearing, reflector tactile sensitivity and individual tactile sensitivity; emotions; the sphere of gnosis including the studying of attention, expressive and impressive speech, peculiarities of one's thinking; in behavioral sphere one should evaluate biological behavior that includes alimentary behavior and one's skills to be neat, and, also, social behavior that includes the development of "mother-child" system and communication with alien people, moreover, for every age period there are 20 test questions and each task is evaluated by 5 points, then one should determine the coefficient of psychic development (CPD) by the following formula: CPD = Σ (+ n), where Σ (+ n) - the sum of points for all fulfilled age tasks and at CPD being equal to 90 - 110 points one should detect normal psychic development, at CPD being equal to 80 - 89 and 111 points and higher the risk for the development of nervous-psychic pathology is detected and at CPD being equal to 79 points and less one should state nervous-psychic development as affected.
EFFECT: higher quality of diagnostics.
FIELD: medicine, medicinal psychology.
SUBSTANCE: one should test a patient by seven scales: frequency, duration, intensity, sensor perception of pain, emotional attitude towards pain, neurotization level, adaptation capacity level to evaluate the results obtained by the scales mentioned from 0 to 6 points. Moreover, the scales for sensor perception and emotional attitude, the levels of neurotization and adaptation capacity should be evaluated in accordance to the Tables given in description. Additionally, one should, compare the degree of psychogenic constituent of pain according to chromatic choice made by a patient depending upon, at least, three choices of pain intensity: "pain during testing", "no pain", "severe pain" in accordance to the Tables given in description. Then, according to the results of testing one should evaluate the degree of patient's pain feelings both quantitatively and qualitatively. Moreover, by the scale of frequency the appearance of pain should be evaluated from "pain appeared once during several days or rarely" to "constant pain". By the scale of duration pain should be evaluated from "momentary pain" to "constant pain". By the scale of intensity the pain should be evaluated from "very weak pain" to "unbearable pain". By the scale of neurotization level one should take into account basic behavioral factors, such as anxiety, emotional lability, aggression, depression, psychogenia, hypochondria. The present innovation enables to increase significance in evaluating pain achieved due to broadened verbal description of patient's pain feelings.
EFFECT: higher accuracy of evaluation.
5 cl, 4 dwg, 2 ex, 17 tbl
FIELD: medicine, psychotherapy.
SUBSTANCE: the method deals with correcting neurological and psychopathological disorders with anxiety-phobic symptomatics due to individual trainings. The method includes evaluation of body reaction to stimulating signals, seances of individual training performed due to the impact of two quasiantipodal stimulating signals of similar physical modality applied in time of sporadic character, and as a signal one should present biological feedback for the altered value of physiological parameter adequately reflecting body reaction to the impact of stimulating signal. At the first stage of training it is necessary to achieve body adaptation to the impact of quasiantipodal stimulating signals, at the second stage it is necessary to obtain conditional reflex for one out of stimulating signals, for this purpose one should accompany this stimulating signal with discomfort impact, during the third stage, finally, due to volitional efforts one should suppress body reaction to stimulating signal. The devise suggested contains successively connected a transformer of physiological parameter into electric signal and a bioamplifier, an analysis and control block with a connected block to present the signals of biological feedback, a block for presenting discomfort impact, an indication block and that of forming and presenting quasiantipodal stimulating signals. The innovation enables to have skills to control one's emotions, decrease sensitivity threshold to environmental impacts and learn to how behave during stress situations.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of training.
15 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method involves measuring patient weight, recording age and sex of the patient. The patient is positioned in front of computer display unit. The data are inputted into the computer comprising software containing a program for estimating organism organs and systems condition. The following organs are detected. Lung, spleen, heart, kidneys, liver are proved for having deviations from norm with negative sign towards hypofunction or with positive sign towards hyperfunction. The data are displayed with the program on the screen as a table with reference and current values being shown in relative units with plus or minus sign. Canal states are estimated from detected organs being under maximum stress on the basis of infogram: lung canal P, spleen - canal RP, heart - canal C, kidneys - canal R, liver - canal F. When estimating organ state with deviation having plus sign, that means hyperfunction, canal state is estimated as having energy excess. When organ state deviation has plus sign, that means hyperfunction, canal state is estimated as having lack of energy. Eye diseases are diagnosed from state of organs and canals of P, RP, C, R and F. Hyperfunction in organ and excess in canal being available, initial ophthalmic disease stage is diagnosed. Hypofunction in organ and deficit in canal being available, chronic ophthalmic disease stage is diagnosed.
EFFECT: wide range of functional applications.
3 cl, 7 tbl
SUBSTANCE: method involves carrying out situation, planning, self-control and correction analysis. Volitional effort is included into functional self-organization process structure components. Functional self-organization process structure components characterize the following individual human specific characteristics: 1) goal-setting as taking and retaining aims; 2) situation analysis as revealing and analyzing circumstances essential from the point of view of achieving the set goal; 3) planning as scheduling private activity; 4) volitional effort as changing private activity sense; 5) self-control as controlling and estimating private actions; 6) correction as adjusting private goals, situation analysis, plan of actions, private activity sense, estimation criteria and self-control forms. Human self-organization process structure diagnosis is set after relaxation training aimed at relieving emotional effort and overfatigue. The relaxation training is exercised in coachman position with calming musical accompaniment and comprises the following stages: 1) respiratory exercises (inspiration duration is equal to expiration one, breath is hold between the inspiration and expiration for a time twice as short as inspiration time) 4 min long; 2) relaxation exercises (invoking heaviness and warmth sensation) of head, arms, legs and body -8 min long; 3) rest in maximum relaxation state - 4 min long.
EFFECT: high accuracy of diagnosis.
3 cl, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: method involves showing sequence of two luminous pulses of 10 ms duration separated by 150 ms long pause. The pulses are repeated in constant 1.5 s long interval. Pause duration between two luminous pulses is reduced at the first measurement stage at constant speed of 20ms/s until a testee fixes fusion of two luminous pulses into single one in subjective assessment mode. Pause duration between two luminous pulses is increased at the second measurement stage with given constant step of 0.4 ms until the testee identifies the moment of subjective perception of two luminous pulses separation. Pause duration is reduced in discrete mode with given constant 0.1 ms long step at the third measurement stage until the testee identifies the moment of subjective perception of two luminous pulses fusion into single one. Human vision system persistence time is determined to be equal to pause duration between two luminous pulses when subjective fusion into single pulse takes place at the third measurement stage.
EFFECT: high accuracy in determining human vision system persistence time.
SUBSTANCE: method involves asking patient to tell or write down 5-7 novels. Rhetorical structure representations of the novels are built. Rhetorical structure mean depth being greater than 8, branching index being greater than 88 and occurrence of relations like sequence and consequence being less than 8, cognitive source relation being greater than 5, opposition relation being greater than 2 per 100 discourse units, neurotic disorder is to be diagnosed.
EFFECT: high accuracy of the method.
2 dwg, 1 tbl