Composition of mulch cover (versions)

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: composition of mulch cover comprises lignosulphonate, urea, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride, and as natural supplements the moss of species Takakiopsida and needles of larch Larix gmelinii, and water in the following wt %: lignosulfonate 0.1-0.4, urea 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, moss of species Takakiopsida 10-15, needles of larch Larix gmelinii 8-9, water - the rest. The amount of moss Takakiopsida and needles of larch Larix gmelinii in the second and third versions of mulch cover is wt %, 10-15 and 9.1-9.5 or 9.8-11, respectively.

EFFECT: increase in the range of compounds for soil mulching.

3 cl, 1 tbl

 

The invention relates to the chemistry of synthetic substances polymer in a mixture with organic and natural substances, for example, for urban and agricultural purposes or compositions for mulching different types of soils, lawns, parks and gardens.

Was formerly known such a composition of the mulch, which is used polyacrylamide, urea, lignosulfonate, potassium chloride and water in the following ratio, wt.%: polyacrylamide 0,25-0,75, lignosulfonate 0.5 to 1.5, urea, 0.4 to 0.8, potassium chloride 1-3, water the rest (patent of Russia №2034899 C1, 1995, a class of the international classification of patents, C09K 17/00).

However, this patent did not use natural materials is a significant disadvantage. Nature provides many suitable materials, many mosses, different types of wood waste, bark, shavings, chips. In this case, different types of wood can be combined with different kinds of synthetic materials - polymers, their waste if they are harmless to the environment.

In the present invention the technical result is the use of numerous kinds of natural materials, that is, the extension of the range of compositions for mulching soils.

This result is achieved by the fact that the composition of the mulch according to the invention contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chlorine the East, and, as natural additives moss species Takakiopsida and needles of larch Larix gmelinii, water footprint. wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Takakiopsida10-15
needles of larch Larix gmelinii8-9
waterthe rest of it.

As variants invented the following compounds, which are changed (selected) important relations for moss and pine needles:

moss species Takakiopsida10-15
needles of larch Larix gmeliniifrom 9.1 to 9.5

or

moss species Takakiopsida10-15
needles of larch Larix gmelinii9,8-11

The composition prepared as follows.

Pointed to by the s ingredients are subjected separately to grinding and after mixing in the aquatic environment.

The table shows various examples of variants of the invention:

Table
IngredientsWt.%
123
lignosulfonate0,10,250,4
urea0,20,40,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,30,350,4
potassium chloride123
moss species Takakiopsida101315
Needles of larch Larix gmelinii89,510

1. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboximetilzellulozu is, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species Takakiopsida and needles of larch Larix gmelinii, water in the following, wt%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Takakiopsida10-15
needles of larch Larix gmelinii8-9
waterrest

2. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species Takakiopsida and needles of larch Larix gmelinii, water in the following, wt%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride
moss species Takakiopsida10-15
needles of larch Larix gmeliniifrom 9.1 to 9.5
waterrest

3. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species Takakiopsida and needles of larch Larix gmelinii, water in the following, wt%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Takakiopsida10-15
needles of larch Larix gmelinii9,8-11
waterrest



 

Same patents:

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: composition of mulch cover comprises lignosulphonate, urea, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride, and as natural supplements the moss of species Takakiopsida and needles of juniper Juniperus h. Glauca, and water in the following wt %: lignosulfonate 0.1-0.4, urea 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, moss of species Takakiopsida 10-15, needles of juniper Juniperus h. Glauca 8-9, water - the rest. The amount of moss Takakiopsida and needles of juniper Juniperus h. Glauca in the second and third versions of mulch cover is wt %, 10-15 and 9.1-9.5 or 9.8-11, respectively.

EFFECT: increase in the range of compounds for soil mulching.

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EFFECT: increase in the range of compounds for soil mulching.

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EFFECT: increase in the range of compounds for soil mulching.

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EFFECT: increase in the range of compounds for soil mulching.

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EFFECT: increase in the range of compounds for soil mulching.

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EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

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EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

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EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

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EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

6 cl, 1 tbl

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6 cl, 1 tbl

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EFFECT: invention widens the range of soil mulching compositions.

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6 cl, 1 tbl

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EFFECT: invention widens the range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

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EFFECT: invention widens the range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

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EFFECT: invention widens the range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

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EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

9 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemistry of synthetic substances - polymer substances in a mixture with organic and natural substances, for example, for urban and agricultural purposes, or to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition is characterised by that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, NA-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Conocephalum moss and Pinus peuce pine needles, and water in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4; carbamide 0.2-0.6; NA-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4; potassium chloride 1-3; Conocephalum moss 10-15; Pinus peuce pine needles 8-9; water - the balance. Other versions of polymer-natural mulching compositions are also disclosed.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

9 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemical industry, agriculture and forestry and can be used, for example, for urban and agricultural purposes for mulching soil, to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition contains, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, water - the balance. The composition (versions thereof) contains natural plant additives in form of Bryopsida moss and Pinus koraiensis pine needles with different content of said plant additives.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

6 cl, 1 tbl

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