Device for automatic irrigation

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device for irrigation driven by solar energy. The device comprises an air chamber and a water storage unit connecting by means of the pipeline, which is connected integrally to the sinker. In the source of water supply there is a water storage unit, a steep section of suction pipeline and U-shaped troughs of a number of drainage pipelines. The outlet end of the suction pipeline and the inlet ends of the drainage pipelines are put in the water storage unit, with the installation of inlets of drainage pipelines below the outlet of the suction pipeline.

EFFECT: technical result is in the root irrigation of plants grown on small land plots, located on an artificial floating means (floating island) or in containers that are installed on one or several levels above the surface of the pond, at that in the proposed device the friction parts are absent, it does not subject to clogging associated with deposits of salts and bacterial slime when taking water from the pond, it has simple design and is easy to operate.

5 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular, to devices basal irrigation mainly ornamental plants, water from artificial or natural pond, with the issuance of specified portions of water a wide range in one or more watering points located at the same or different heights relative to the free surface water source.

Known solar pump Moshi village, which can be used for watering ridges (see solar pump for watering the Google search engine: agronom-belgorod.ru/.../212-solnechnyjj-nasos-dlja-polivki.html).

This unit has a sealed cone-shaped vessel, continuing into the tube immersed in the water. In the lower part of the tube set to the first valve, leaking water up and do not let down. Above the valve pipe is connected with a lateral ridge, from which rises a second elbow pipe connected to its upper end to the drive water. In the knee at the bottom of a second valve, leaking water up and do not let down. Cover the cone-shaped vessel is painted in black color and is the surface solar heating. In preparing the device for operation of a cone-shaped vessel partially filled with water. Due to the expansion of sun-heated air in the upper part of the conical vessel water zakryvaetsya valve and, opening the second, through the side pipe rises in the water tank, where through the siphon is poured onto the surface solar heating, which leads to cooling of the air in a cone-shaped vessel. With the surface of the solar heating of water allocated to water the flower bed. Compressing the air sucks the new amount of water, closing the second valve. Alternately heated by the Sun, air and cooling it with water evaporation is accompanied by the expansion and contraction of air, is used as a piston pump for raising water to a certain height. Watering plants this device is carried out only on Sunny days. Daily volume of water poured on the surface of the solar heating depends on the brightness of the Sun.

The lack of solar pump Moshi village is in the valves, friction surface. In addition, an integral part of the solar pump Moshi village is impossible to give form elements. For this reason, is not provided irrigation of ornamental plants secretly.

Also known pump for lifting water from wells (gelinas Greek FS), driven by solar energy (patent RU 2100658, publ. 1997).

This pump comprises a sealed thermal camera, the line closed refrigeration cycle including the evaporator and condenser, suction and discharge piping with valves. It is upon suction pipe provided with a piston actuator, which is connected to the line closed refrigeration cycle, and the condenser is placed in the suction pipe below the water level in the well. In the heat chamber is placed the coil of the evaporator of the low-boiling working fluid (isobutane, ammonia), performs a dual role: pneumatic piston during the expansion of the heated from the Sun air (stage heating), provided the discharge cycle, and the role of an accumulator of heat to intensify the process of boiling of the working fluid in the evaporator with the subsequent cooling of the volume of the chamber (stage cooling, which ensures that the cycle of suction).

The disadvantages of the pump are as design complexity, and the fact that it has moving parts: valves and piston friction surface.

Closest to the technical nature of the device (prototype) to offer is automatic irrigation system proposed by Gulia (see automatic irrigation system and check valve, comment by Kirill, 20.12.09 Google search engine: www.samostroj.ru/content/118/articles/avtopoliv-i-obratnyjj-klapan).

The system contains a partially filled water barrel located above the reservoir opening to the bottom opening closed by a stopper with two hoses (pipes) in it, both hoses are on the valve. One hose is lowered into the pond. This hose has an inlet valve, allowing the water only to enter into the barrel, and the other and the em in greenhouse cucumbers (connected to the inlet system inlet to multiple points of irrigated land greenhouses). This hose contains an exhaust valve, allowing water only out of the barrel. In the system Gulia significant amount of barrels filled with air (approximately % of the volume) and low water. At night when it is colder than during the day, the air in the barrel is compressed, and the water from the water source enters into it through the inlet valve. In the afternoon, the air therein is heated, the air expands and the pressure pushes the water through the exhaust valve in a garden hose. On these grounds the experimental model system Gulia the term "barrel" is associated with a sealed air chamber, combined with the memory of water".

The disadvantage of the system Gulia is to use valves, friction surface. Due to the deposition on the friction surfaces of the valves salts and bacterial slime in the water intake from the reservoir, the device becomes inoperative. Another disadvantage is that the air pressure in the barrel below atmospheric. Tough and durable wall of the barrel to prevent flattening it under the pressure of atmospheric air. However, the use of drums as an air chamber leads to a large consumption of material required to manufacture the units of production.

The task, which is aimed by the invention is the provision root watering plants, grown the small land plots, located on an artificial floating tool (floating island) or in containers that are installed on one or more levels above the surface, natural or artificial reservoir that is used as a water source, to supply specified quantities of water on Sunny days in one or more watering points, reduce the amount of material required to manufacture the units of production, stealth watering plants used for decoration decorative ponds, masking devices under decoration decorative pond.

The proposed device for automatic irrigation includes communicating through pipe air chamber and placed in the water supply source water tank connected with the sinker in one unit, the suction pipe, which has a steep section, and one or more drain pipes, each fitted with a U-shaped trough. In the drive water entered the outlet end of the suction pipe and the inlet ends of the drain pipes installation of inlet and drain pipes below the outlet of the suction pipe. The outlet of each drain pipe is installed above the surface of the water source.

Supply specified quantities of water in the watering point is located is built on different levels above the surface water source, by mounting the outlet of the first drain pipe above the outlet openings of the other of the drain piping, the inlet of the subsequent drainage pipe above the inlet of the previous drainage pipe, the outlet of which is installed in the watering point above the level of installation of the outlet subsequent the drain line.

The supply of water to the watering points located at the same level above the surface of the water supply, set equal portions is performed during the installation of inlet and discharge pipelines at the same level.

The placement of the drive water, connected to a sinker into a single pipe through which the water tank is communicated with an air chamber, a steep section and the inlet end of the suction pipe and U-shaped troughs drain pipes in the water supply is provided by the stealth watering the plants grown on the floating tool installed on the surface of the water source.

To disguise the device under decoration decorative pond air chamber is shaped elements (vivid figure of the fairy-tale hero, animal, stone, performing aesthetic function).

To indicate the implementation of irrigation is use a figure of fantastic creatures, attached to the upper part of the drive water. Water tank holds this element of the decor in surface position on a Sunny day with the implementation of watering plants and drags under the water in the night.

Reducing consumption of material required to manufacture the units of products can be ensured by performing an air chamber with a thin shell.

Produced when preparing the device for work placement drive of the water in the water source leads to entry into its cavity through inlet pipe ballast water. This water (useless ballast) is displaced from the drive water by pumping air in communicating the air chamber and water tank (for example, through built-in air chamber nipple).

To the distinctive features of the prototype essential features of the claimed invention include: the presence of the air chamber and drive the water exploded in space: the air chamber communicates with the drive water through piping: suction pipe is equipped with a vertical section and the outlet pipe is U-shaped trough; in the drive water hole inlet end of the drain line is located below the openings of the outlet end of the suction pipe: water tank connected to the sinker into one that provide the supports its movement in the water source in the vertical direction when the change in the cavity of the ratio of air volume to the volume of water.

Figure 1 presents a General view of the variations of the device installed on the surface of a pond using a floating support.

The device has an air chamber 1, drive 2 water, is connected to a sinker 3 in one unit, the pipe 4, through which the camera 1 is connected to the drive 2, the elastic suction pipe 5 through which the drive 2 is communicated with the reservoir, and a number of elastic drain piping 6 (I, II). The pipeline 5 includes a vertical section 7. Piping 6 (I, II) contain U-shaped depressions 8 (I, II). Camera 1 given the shape of fantastic creatures (the frog Princess). In the memory 2 through the holes located in the wall of the bottom, put the outlet end of the pipe 5 and the inlet ends of the pipes 6 (I, II). The outlet end of the pipe 5 is installed in the cavity of the drive 2 with a combination of the outlet 9 with the level of drive 2 water, which is equipped with a sinker 3 drive 2 acquires the buoyancy retaining surface position figurines fairy (goldfish, invented by A. S. Pushkin), fixed on the upper part of the drive 2. The inlet 10 (I, II) pipelines 6 (I, II) is installed in the drive 2 below the outlet 9 of the pipeline 5.

Preparing the device for operation made on a Sunny day, when the temperature of atmospheric air the school has not reached its maximum value. Camera 1 and the containers 11 (I, II) plants are located on a floating support 12, and is partially filled with water and equipped with a sinker 3 drive 2, line 4, a vertical section 7 of the pipeline 5 and the U-shaped depressions 8 (I, II) pipelines 6 (I, II) in the reservoir. The inlet 13 of the pipe 5 is fixed on the small depth of the reservoir, which eliminates the entrainment of silt from the bottom. The outlet end of the pipe 6 (I) is fed to the point of watering the plants grown in the container 11 (I), and the outlet end of the pipe 6 (II) - to the point of watering the plants grown in the container 11 (II). In this example, use the device to issue the specified doses of water in the watering point, located at different heights relative to the surface of the reservoir, the height of the container 11 (I) exceeds the height of the container 11 (II) and, accordingly, the fixation of the outlet 14 (I) line 6 (I) is carried out at a height exceeding the height of the fixation of the outlet 14 (II) line 6 (II). In the drive 2, the bottom of which has a cylindrical shape, the inlet 10 (II) line 6 (II) is installed below the outlet 9 of the pipeline 5 on the distance h (I) from the facility level of the outlet 9 of the pipeline 5:

h(I)=V(I)/S

where V(I) volume required daily dose of watering plants in the container 11 (II):

S - area of the base h is drive 2.

The inlet 10 (I) line 6 (I) is installed below the inlet 10 (II) line 6 (II) distance h (II) the level of installation of the inlet 10 (II) line 6(II):

h(II)=V(II)/S

where V(II) volume required daily dose of watering plants in the container 11 (I).

Then into the chamber 1 via an integrated nipple (figure not shown) is inflating. The air from the chamber 1 will flow into the drive 2, displacing the water in the pipe 5 into the reservoir, the degree of buoyancy drive 2 will increase and drive 2 will begin to emerge. When the water level in the drive 2 will be reduced to the level of installation of the outlet 9 of the pipe 5, the pipe 5 will be the air, forming a steep section 7 air-water stopper, which prevents the release of air from the accumulator 2 to the reservoir, and will discharge water at the point irrigation pipelines 6 (I, II). After draining the specified doses of water at the point of irrigation pumping air is terminated.

The device operates as follows. The heat transfer device with the environment leads to a decrease in temperature in the chamber 1 and drive 2 at night and higher during the day. At night, the cooling in the chamber 1 and drive 2 compressed air, sucking in drive 2 water from a reservoir in an amount equal to the amount of air flowing into the chamber 1. Through education in the U-shaped bend the Oh 8 (1, II) pipelines 6 (1,II) water-to-air valves flow in the drive 2 of the atmospheric air does not occur. Filling the cavity of the drive 2 water reduces the buoyancy equipped with a sinker 3 drive 2, which leads to depth in the water acting on the water are fixed on the upper part of the drive 2 fabulous goldfish, and then, at the time of filling the drive 2 water above the level of installation of the outlet 9 of the pipe 5, to dive drive 2 under water. Maximum depth of drive 2 is determined by the length of the suspension, which can be used pipeline 4. In the daytime the camera 1 and drive 2 are heated, the air expands, the air from the chamber 1 flows into the drive 2, and the water from the drive 2 to line 5 is discharged into the reservoir. The water outlet from the drive 2 in the reservoir stops when the water level in the drive 2 is reduced to the level of installation of the outlet 9 of the pipeline 5. Then in the pipe 5 enters the air, forming a steep section 7 of the pipeline 5 water-to-air shutter, not allowing the air to escape and the pressure of the air, continuing to heat up in the chamber 1 and drive 2, is growing. If the day is Sunny, the pressure of the heated air in the chamber 1 and the memory 2 reaches the value at which the water from the drive 2, located on the water in a suspended state, will begin to flow into the pipeline 6 (I, II), lifting them up to the level of installation of the outlet 14 (II). From this moment begins draining the specified daily dose of water through the pipeline 6 (II) in the root zone of plants grown in the container 11 (II), the flow of air from the chamber 1 into the drive 2 and the ascent of the drive 2 with the advent of over the water the fabulous Golden fish. When the water level in the drive 2 will be reduced to the level of installation of the inlet 10 (II) line 6 (II) line 6 (II) will enter the air that will result in obrazovanju in a U-shaped trough 8 (II) line 6 (II) water-to-air shutter, not allowing the air to come out, and will begin draining the specified daily dose of water through the pipeline 6 (I) in the root zone of plants grown in the container 11 (I). When the water level in the drive 2 will be reduced to the level of installation of the inlet 10 (I) line 6 (I) line 6 (I) will enter the air that will result in obrazovanju in a U-shaped trough 8 (I) line 6 (I) water-to-air shutter, not allowing the air to come out, and draining the water from the drive 2 practise. Thus, the ingress of water into the drive 2 in the night and alternate drain the specified doses of water in the watering point on Sunny days is automatically repeated.

The device has a simple design and simple in operation. PR is camping root watering plants on Sunny days, water from artificial or natural pond with the issuance of specified doses of water a wide range in one or more watering points, located on the same or different heights relative to the free surface water source. Operation is not affected by the presence of salts and bacterial slime in irrigation water. Resolves the problem of masking the air chamber and the drive water under decoration decorative pond and secretive install other parts of the device. This technical solution is an experimental prototype, the operation of which confirms the above-mentioned advantages of the proposed device.

Potential customers of developments with the use of the invention can be enterprises, to products which include all kinds of landscapes. These enterprises, in particular, relates LLC Landscape center "Yaroslavl lawns" Address: 150022, Yaroslavl, PR-t Frunze, 31.

1. Automatic watering containing air chamber, water tank, suction and discharge piping the discharge end of the suction pipe and the inlet end of the drain pipe is introduced in the water tank, the inlet of the suction pipe is installed in the water supply source, the outlet of the drain pipe is installed above the level of the free surface water source, characterized in that the air chamber and water tank exploded in space, in the stuffy chamber is communicated with the upper part of the drive water through the pipeline, the suction pipe is equipped with a vertical section of the discharge line is equipped with a U-shaped trough, drive water hole inlet end of the drain line is located below the openings of the outlet end of the suction pipe, water tank weighted sinker.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains one or more additional drain pipes, each fitted with a U-shaped trough, the inlet end of each additional drain pipe is introduced into the drive of the water with the installation of the inlet below the outlet of the suction pipe and the outlet above the level of the free surface water source.

3. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the air chamber contains a thin-walled shell.

4. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the air chamber attached to the form elements.

5. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that on the upper part of the drive water fixed element of the decor.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for automatic watering of plants. The device for automatic watering comprises an air chamber (1) and the water storage unit (2) with the inlet end of the drain pipe (5) inserted in it and the outlet end of the suction pipe (4), a drain end of the drain pipe is installed above the level of free surface of the water source (12), the suction end of the suction pipe is lowered into the water source. The air chamber and the water storage unit are spaced, the air chamber is connected with the upper part of the water storage unit through the pipe, in the water storage unit the opening (6) of the inlet end of the drain pipe is located below the opening (7) of the outlet end of the suction pipe, the outer part of the suction pipe is provided with water-air lock, which is a steep section (8), the outer part of the drain pipe is provided with a water-air lock which is a U-shaped bending (9). The air chamber can be made in the form of a decorative element; it can also comprise a thin-walled shell. The lower part of the steep section of the suction pipe can be located below the lower part of the U-shaped bending of the drain pipe.

EFFECT: improvement of reliability of operation and reduction of material consumption of the device.

4 cl, 1 dwg

Dripper // 2280356

FIELD: agriculture; drop irrigation.

SUBSTANCE: proposed dripper has housing with inlet and outlet. Spherical protection chamber is made on inner surface of inlet, outlet hole arranged coaxially relative to chamber, and channels. Channels are made in form of de Laval nozzles cut along axis whose diverging parts pint to spherical protection chamber. Diaphragm provided with holes is installed for displacement over spherical protection chamber, outlet hole and channels. Dripper has upper threaded cover, float, circular chamber, additional diaphragm and lower threaded cover. Upper threaded cover is provided with inlet hole. Inner space of upper threaded cover is made conical float in form of hollow ball is freely fitted over diaphragm. Circular chamber is made concentrically to outlet hole and spherical protection chamber on bottom part of housing inlet. Circular chamber communicates with spherical protection chamber by converging parts of channels made in form of de Laval nozzles cut along axis. Main and additional diaphragms are of equal size and identical design. Holes in each diaphragm are made with displacement towards circular periphery edge. Inlet hole in upper threaded cover, outlet hole of housing and drain hole in lower threaded cover are coaxial. Replaceable diffuser is fitted in drain hole of lower threaded cover. Widened part diffuser is pointed towards additional diaphragm. Said widened part of diffuser has ring edge interrupted by radially orientated cuts. Depth of cuts and height of diffuser are at ratio of 1:(3-8). Lower cover is furnished with litter trap under additional diaphragm. It is arranged at housing outlet and is installed for displacement. Ring edge of diffuser is mated with additional diaphragm from rear side.

EFFECT: provision of uniform rate of watering and reliability of drop irrigation.

7 cl, 1 dwg

The invention relates to agriculture

The invention relates to the field of agriculture

The invention relates to agriculture, particularly the cultivation of plants in greenhouses

Device for watering // 2108027
The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to the mechanization of irrigation, and can be used for irrigation of agricultural crops by discrete supply of water in the hydration pockets

The invention relates to the field of crop production, namely, equipment for growing plants in greenhouses and can be used for irrigation of greenhouses

The invention relates to agricultural irrigation, in particular for pulse irrigation, and can be used for irrigation of orchards and vineyards

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: drip irrigation system for fruit and berry and forest nurseries comprises a hydraulically connected water source (1), a pumping station (6), a filter, a pressure gauge (15), a shut-off valve, the main pipeline, a network of distribution (17) and irrigation pipelines (18), and droppers. The water source (1) of the pumping station (6) is provided with a diversion chamber-collector (5) equipped with a trash screen (3) and a fish protection structure (4). Pumps of the pumping station (6) are connected to a water-driven tower-collector (7) hydraulically connected to the module of water electroactivation, including a DC generator (8) or rectifier in all-mains operation and flowing electric activator (10), behind which through the connecting pipes the fertiliser injector (12) is mounted, and the distribution network (17) is connected by the irrigation pipelines (18), equipped with injectors-metering units-droppers (19). The flowing water electric activator (10) comprises a supply pipe (21) made of dielectric material which is resistant to galvanic corrosion, in the threaded part of the supply pipe (21) the slip ring (26) is mounted with the output for connection of the electric potential. The slip ring (26) is isolated from the outer electrode (22) of the electric activator (10) with the dielectric spacer (27), the outer cylindrical electrode (22) is formed of a stainless steel resistant to galvanic corrosion. Inside the outer electrode (22) the inner electrode (23) is mounted with the ability of mounting and dismounting, consisting of a central rod (31) with lobes fixed to it. The inner electrode (23) is separated from the outer electrode (22) by semipermeable shell (24) of microporous plastic, on the front side of the inner electrode (23) a guide device (25) is arranged having the blades of a left-hand direction, the inlet and outlet part of the central rod (31) are made conical, all parts of the inner electrode (23) are made of stainless steel resistant to galvanic corrosion. Supply of the electric potential to the outer electrode (22) is made through the terminal (29) disposed on the electrode housing, and to the inner (23) through the contact washer (26) having an input terminal (28). The injector-metering unit-dropper (19) mounted in the pan of trees, comprises mounting tip, inside of which a shim is fixed, designed for a given flow rate, the inner cavity of the injector-metering unit-dropper (19) has a water outlet openings on the horizontals of soaking, the outer edges of the water outlet openings are closed by dished deflectors.

EFFECT: improving the quality of planting material of fruit and forest plants.

1 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for automatic watering of plants. The device for automatic watering comprises an air chamber (1) and the water storage unit (2) with the inlet end of the drain pipe (5) inserted in it and the outlet end of the suction pipe (4), a drain end of the drain pipe is installed above the level of free surface of the water source (12), the suction end of the suction pipe is lowered into the water source. The air chamber and the water storage unit are spaced, the air chamber is connected with the upper part of the water storage unit through the pipe, in the water storage unit the opening (6) of the inlet end of the drain pipe is located below the opening (7) of the outlet end of the suction pipe, the outer part of the suction pipe is provided with water-air lock, which is a steep section (8), the outer part of the drain pipe is provided with a water-air lock which is a U-shaped bending (9). The air chamber can be made in the form of a decorative element; it can also comprise a thin-walled shell. The lower part of the steep section of the suction pipe can be located below the lower part of the U-shaped bending of the drain pipe.

EFFECT: improvement of reliability of operation and reduction of material consumption of the device.

4 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to reclamation and can be used for irrigation of greenhouse and other agricultural crops. The method of irrigation is carried out by automatic periodic flooding. Water is formed by condensation of vapour in the pressure tank. Part of the time the tank is filled to the desired level, and then opens and actuates. The perforated tube with openings is used as the humidifier. The tube is mounted vertically in the area of root habitable plant mass, and the water is fed to it from droppers. The droppers are attached to the distribution pipe. The pressure tank is attached to the cooling radiator for heating greenhouse premises with simultaneous cooling and condensing vapour.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of irrigation with simultaneous removal of salts from water and heating the greenhouse premises is provided.

4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture and land reclamation. The method comprises supplying water to irrigated land of the irrigation rate, providing moistening of the estimated soil layer without the flow of irrigation water into the groundwater. At that, between moistened layer and groundwater a layer is formed of granular hydrophobic material with grains of not less than 5 mm. The upper layer of soil in the irrigated area during the inter-irrigation period is maintained in moistened condition by finely sprinkling irrigation.

EFFECT: method enables to reduce the risk of soil salinisation with close level of occurrence of mineralised groundwater in the absence of the ability of making drainage by breaking the capillary pores and stopping the movement of groundwater to the root-zone soil layer, and to prevent desiccation of the upper layer of soil in the inter-irrigation period.

1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method includes intermittent flooding of rice checks, water supply to rice crops is carried out in the form of asymmetrical triangular impulses regulated in space and time, reducing the bare soil moisture between the impulses is not allowed below 85% of the total water capacity (TWC), the program distribution of water in the irrigation network between the consumers is carried out on schedule by assigning time intervals of water supply to each of them on the parameters of the regulated impulse, which are determined by the following formulas: - The height of the impulse (water layer), hL;hL=σ+Δh, mm, where: σ is mean-square deviation of the roughness on the surface of checks, mm; Δh is a layer of water, ensuring flooding of high areas on the check and creating a favourable thermal regime of the soil, mm, it is assigned equal: in a phase of the "shoots-tillering" - 60 mm, in the phase of formation of the embryonic panicle - 100 mm; - The duration of the water supply to create a given impulse height, t1: t1=(hL/q)·α, day, where: q is a hydromodule of flooding equal to 100 mm/day; α is coefficient taking into account evaporation losses equal to about 1.05; - Duration of drawdown of the water layer in a natural way through evapotranspiration (E) and filtration (F) t2: t2=hL/(E+F), day; - Duration of bare soil between impulses t3: t3=0,15(hL+ω)E+F,  day, where : ω is humidity at which its water-keeping is close to 0, and the transpiration intensity is not reduced, for loamy soils it was found to be 85% TWC - The amount of strokes of water circulation N on the economic distributor is defined by the formula: N=Ttot/t1 where: Ttot is the total duration of the impulse, day.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of use of water resources.

1 cl, 4 tbl, 1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture, in particular, to reclamation. The method includes planting seeds or seedlings of vegetable crops and their vegetative irrigation with electroactivated aqueous solutions - anolyte and catholyte. The first irrigation after planting is carried out with the activated aqueous solution of anolyte and catholyte at their ratio (70:30)-(80:20). The subsequent irrigations are carried out with the activated aqueous solution of with the ratio of anolyte and catholyte (30:70)-(20:80). At that after the first irrigation with the activated solution one irrigation with light water is carried out, and the subsequent irrigations with the said solutions are alternated with irrigations with light water so that one irrigation with the activated aqueous solution is accounted for two irrigations with light water with the predetermined irrigation norm. Prior to mixing the components of the activated water the anolyte pH is 3.2-4.7, and the catholyte pH is 10.5-12.0.

EFFECT: method enables to improve the quality of vegetable produce and increase productivity, reduce energy consumption and improve the environmental friendliness of the process, and also reduce the consumption of activated aqueous solutions during irrigation.

2 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture and land reclamation. The method includes division of sloping areas to at least two levels, performing the preparatory works associated with digging and displacement the soil to create the limited amounts on the areas of different levels. And on the sloping and divided to sections areas the diking is made with the creation of the reservoir for moisture collection located upward the irrigated areas. Then in spring period of thawing of soil to the depth of 0.5-0.8 height of topsoil the water is released from the reservoir into the lower irrigated diked areas with its uniform distribution on the irrigated areas. The moisture collection in the reservoirs located at a higher level is carried out throughout the year with use of underwater channels and trays made in the soil.

EFFECT: method provides long-term conservation of water and physical soil properties when used effectively.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture, in particular, to soil reclamation. The method includes conducting of primary and pre-sowing soil treatment, planting in furrows of cuttings from licorice rootstocks, narrow-row sowing of wheatgrass and harvesting wheatgrass-licorice hay and licorice rootstocks. Formation of agrophytocenosis is carried out in I-II decade of October by alternating the bands of common licorice - 3 rows and wheat grass - 5 rows. And the distance between the furrows of licorice is 0.3 m, and between the rows of wheatgrass is 0.15 m. In the first year of formation of the plantation the two-fold mowing for hay of wheatgrass tops is carried out to a height of 0.12-0.15 m. On the 2-5th year, up to 2-3 mowing of wheatgrass-licorice hay is carried out. And during five years after each mowing of tops of wheatgrass-licorice agrophytocenosis the mineral feeding is carried out, irrigation with water with the salinity of less than 1.8-3.0 g/l while maintaining the threshold of preirrigation soil moisture not lower than 65-70% minimum water capacity. The rootstocks of licorice are harvested at the end of the growing season of the 5th year of life of wheatgrass-licorice agrophytocenosis.

EFFECT: method enables to improve the phytomeliorative effect contributing to reduction of content of water-soluble salts in the arable soil layer, to reduce the level of ground water, and increase the yield of high-protein cereal-legume hay and medicinal licorice raw material.

1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: system comprises a source of irrigation, water intake facilities connected to self-pumped pipeline, irrigation sites with compacted irrigation furrows. The self-pumped pipeline is connected through valves with diaphragm actuators to a pair of distribution pipelines. The irrigation pipelines are laid on the maximum slope of the terrain. The upper part of the irrigation sites with compacted irrigation furrows is laid at an angle to the terrain contour lines, and the lower part - parallel to horizontal lines. On the irrigation pipelines the hydraulic step motors are mounted. The hydraulic motors are connected to the spherical distribution valve. The spherical distribution valve outlets are connected by tubes to the water-distributing furrows. Through the water-distributing furrows the water is supplied to pairs of compacted irrigation furrows located at the edges of the beds. The upper part of the irrigation furrows is laid at a mild slope along the terrain contour lines. The lower part of the irrigation furrows is made in the form of deep irrigation furrows laid without slope. In the middle of the beds the trenches of up to one metre depth are laid, which are filled with peat and manure. The center of the beds is covered with trash mulch. The screens of ameliorative film are laid below the irrigation furrows. Above the screens of ameliorative film in the soil active layer of the beds a 5-10 cm layer of sand or gravel is laid. The irrigation control unit is connected to the valves diaphragm actuators.

EFFECT: construction enables to improve the uniformity of soil moisture, moisture capacity of the soil active layer, to prevent the water loss for depth filtration.

2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: system comprises a source of irrigation, a dam, water overshot wheel, a water intake device in the form of a mesh scouring cylinder, a liquid-gas ejector and a water pump, generators of air ions and ozone, a reservoir with manure, a subsoil system of moistening and aeration of soil in the greenhouse, a unit of soil humidity control. A mesh scouring cylinder is installed inside the water overshot wheel. Inside the scouring cylinder a waste chute is located with a perforated pipeline. The perforated pipeline is connected through the gate to the inlet of the circulating-water intake. The outlet of the circulating-water intake is connected through the gate to the input of the water pump. The water wheel shaft is connected through the reducer to the water overshot wheel. The outlet of the water pump is connected to a water pipe of the liquid-gas ejector. The ejector air nozzle is connected through the gates to the generators of air ions and ozone, the atmosphere, the reservoir with manure. The reservoir with manure is connected through the gates with the generators of air ions and ozone. The output of the liquid-gas ejector is connected to the conductive pipeline. The conductive pipeline is connected to the perforated irrigation pipelines. The perforated irrigation pipelines are mounted under the trenches filled with manure. The trenches are located in the middle of the beds covered with film tunnels. Above the beds the greenhouse is placed. In the active layer of the soil of the greenhouse a capacitance sensor of integrated humidity of soil horizon is placed. The sensor is made in the form of two parallel metal strips. Between the parallel metal strips a layer of porous ceramic is laid, connected to the unit of soil humidity control.

EFFECT: design enables to improve the quality of moistening, aeration and heating the active layer of soil in the greenhouse.

2 dwg

FIELD: forestry, particularly for fighting fires in high-capacity and medium-capacity peat beds.

SUBSTANCE: drainage system includes a number of water drainage channels with control-and-shutoff valves, manifold with drain lines connected thereto and intercepting channel located above drained peat bed and communicated with water inlet. Intercepting channel is provided with control-and-shutoff means to accumulate surface water flow and to create water reserve. Intercepting channel is connected with manifold head part by means of pipeline having valve gate. Manifold is provided with movable partition. Intercepting channel has antifiltering shield.

EFFECT: possibility of fire localization without operation stoppage and without underflooding surrounding territories and, as result, reduced economic losses.

2 dwg

Ameliorative system // 2245616

FIELD: amelioration and water supply system.

SUBSTANCE: ameliorative system has irrigation, water supplying systems and discharge systems, water intake and detachable backwater regulating constructions. Ameliorative system is equipped with flexible collecting tanks-enclosures connected with drainage systems-sedimentation tanks equipped with membranes-type filters and moistener-type filters. Cassette filters are arranged along perimeter of massif to be irrigated to provide for delivery of clean water into water intake. Water supplying systems are furnished with closure system for preventing water evaporation and with metrological analyzers adapted for determining quality of inflow water delivered into water intake and of discharge water.

EFFECT: increased efficiency by avoiding violation to ecological balance of basic agricultural landscape.

1 dwg

FIELD: agricultural amelioration.

SUBSTANCE: method involves cutting furrows by means of tillage tool; supplying water or liquid fertilizer into furrow and covering furrow with soil; before plowing, providing deep plowing of field to be irrigated to 1.1-1.4 m depth, with space between adjacent plowing zones being within the range of 1.1-1.4 m; providing direction of tillage during plowing within the range of 15-45 deg with respect to following plowing directions during forming of furrows by means of tillage tool. Water or liquid fertilizer is supplied by flooding or during advancement of mobile unit equipped with vessel for transportation and distribution of said liquids.

EFFECT: uniform distribution of fertilizers applied, reduced power consumption, simplified labor management and increased ecological safety of animal sewage water and solved organic fertilizers applied into soil.

6 dwg

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