Mulching composition (versions)

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition contains, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, and as natural additives - Polytrichopsida moss 10-15 and Larix Lariciana larch needles 8-9 or 9.1-9.5 or 9.8-11, water - the balance.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

 

The invention relates to the chemistry of synthetic substances polymer in a mixture with organic and natural substances, for example, for urban and agricultural purposes or compositions for mulching different types of soils, lawns, parks and gardens.

Was formerly known such a composition of the mulch, which is used polyacrylamide, urea, lignosulfonate, potassium chloride and water in the following ratio, wt.%: polyacrylamide 0,25-0,75, lignosulfonate 0.5 to 1.5, urea, 0.4 to 0.8, potassium chloride 1-3, water - the rest (patent of Russia №2034899 C1, 1995, class of the international classification of patents, C09K 17/00).

However, this patent did not use natural materials is a significant disadvantage. Nature provides many suitable materials, many mosses, different types of wood waste, bark, shavings, chips. Various types of wood can be combined with different kinds of synthetic materials - polymers, their waste if they are harmless to the environment.

In my invention the technical result is the use of numerous kinds of natural materials, that is, the extension of the range of compositions for mulching soils.

This result is achieved by the fact that the composition of the mulch according to the invention contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species Polytrichopsida and needles of larch Larix lariciana, water, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
PA-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Polytrichopsida10-15
needles of larch Larix lariciana8-9
waterthe rest of it.

As options, invented the following compounds, which are changed (selected) important relations for moss and pine needles:

moss species Polytrichopsida10-15
needles of larch Larix laricianafrom 9.1 to 9.5

or

moss species Polytrichopsida10-15
needles of larch Larix lariciana9,8-11

The composition prepared as follows.

These ingredients are subjected separately to grinding and after mixing in water the rede.

The table shows various examples of variants of the invention:

IngredientsMass%
123
Lignosulfonate0,10,250,4
Urea0,20,40,6
NA-carboxymethylcellulose0,30,350,4
Potassium chloride123
Moss species Polytrichopsida101315
Needles of larch Larix lariciana89,510

1. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural the material additives moss species Polytrichopsida and needles of larch Larix lariciana, water in the following, wt%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Polytrichopsida10-15
needles of larch Larix lariciana8-9
waterrest

2. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species Polytrichopsida and needles of larch Larix lariciana, water in the following, wt%:

needles of larch Larix lariciana
lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Polytrichopsida10-15
from 9.1 to 9.5
waterrest

3. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species Polytrichopsida and needles of larch Larix lariciana, water in the following, wt%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Polytrichopsida10-15
needles of larch Larix lariciana9,8-11
waterrest



 

Same patents:

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition contains, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, natural additives - Tetraphidopsida moss 10-15 and Juniperus squamata Holger juniper needles 8-9 or 9.1-9.5 or 9.8-11, and water - the balance.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition contains, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, natural additives - Polytrichopsida moss 10-15 and Juniperus virginiana Nana Compacta juniper needles 8-9 or 9.1-9.5 or 9.8-11, and water - the balance.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition contains, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, natural additives - Polytrichopsida moss 10-15 and Juniperus virginiana Aureospicata juniper needles 8-9 or 9.1-9.5 or 9.8-11, and water - the balance.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition contains, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, and as natural additives - Andreaeopsida moss 10-15 and Larix lyallii larch needles 8-9 or 9.1-9.5 or 9.8-11, water - the balance.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemistry of synthetic substances - polymer substances in a mixture with organic and natural substances, for example, for urban and agricultural purposes, or to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition is characterised by that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Bryopsida moss and Larix olgensis larch needles, and water in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Bryopsida moss 10-15, Larix olgensis larch needles 8-9, water - the balance. Other versions of polymer-natural mulching compositions are also disclosed.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemistry of synthetic substances - polymer substances in a mixture with organic and natural substances, for example, for urban and agricultural purposes, or to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Andreaeopsida moss and Larix olgensis larch needles, and water in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Andreaeopsida moss 10-15, Larix olgensis larch needles 8-9, water - the balance. Other versions of the polymer-natural mulching composition are also disclosed.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

1 tbl, 3 cl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Pellia endiviifolia moss and Larix olgensis larch needles, and water in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Pellia endiviifolia moss 10-15, Larix olgensis larch needles 8-9, water - the balance. The amount of Pellia endiviifolia moss and Larix olgensis larch needles in the second and third versions of the mulching composition is equal to 10-15 and 9.1-9.5 or 9.8-11, respectively.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemistry of synthetic substances - polymer substances in a mixture with organic and natural substances, for example, for urban and agricultural purposes, or to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Hymenophytum moss and Larix olgensis larch needles, and water in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Hymenophytum moss 10-15, Larix olgensis larch needles 8-9, water - the balance. Other versions of the polymer-natural mulching composition are also disclosed.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

1 tbl, 3 cl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemistry of synthetic substances - polymer substances in a mixture with organic and natural substances, for example, for urban and agricultural purposes, or to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Sphaerocarpus moss and Larix kamtschatica larch needles, and water. Other versions of the polymer-natural mulching composition are also disclosed.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemistry of synthetic substances - polymer substances in a mixture with organic and natural substances, for example, for urban and agricultural purposes, or to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Bryopsida moss and Larix lubarskii larch needles, and water in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Bryopsida moss 10-15, Larix lubarskii larch needles 8-9, water - the balance. Other versions of the polymer-natural mulching composition are also disclosed.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

1 tbl, 3 cl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition contains, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, natural additives - Tetraphidopsida moss 10-15 and Juniperus squamata Holger juniper needles 8-9 or 9.1-9.5 or 9.8-11, and water - the balance.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition contains, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, natural additives - Polytrichopsida moss 10-15 and Juniperus virginiana Nana Compacta juniper needles 8-9 or 9.1-9.5 or 9.8-11, and water - the balance.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition contains, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, natural additives - Polytrichopsida moss 10-15 and Juniperus virginiana Aureospicata juniper needles 8-9 or 9.1-9.5 or 9.8-11, and water - the balance.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition contains, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, and as natural additives - Andreaeopsida moss 10-15 and Larix lyallii larch needles 8-9 or 9.1-9.5 or 9.8-11, water - the balance.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture, in particular, to plant breeding. The method includes selection of samples more resistant to cracking of pods by analysing the height of the dense partition in the area of gynophore the phase of green pod. Then, at selected plants with greater height the formed pods and blooming flowers are picked off, crossing is carried out and self-fertilisation on lateral shoots.

EFFECT: method enables to improve the efficiency of the selection process in the selection of breeding material of rape.

1 dwg, 1 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The method comprises treatment of seeds with growth stimulators and their northering. At that the seeds prior to sowing are enveloped with a mixture of molasses - a waste of sugar manufacture, clay dialbeculit and biopreparation Linex in the ratio of 2:1:0.2.

EFFECT: method enables to increase winter hardness due to natural resources and to simplify the pre-sowing treatment to increase winter hardness.

1 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture, in particular, to crop production. The method includes maintaining a continuous light and daily exposure on tomato seedlings of variable temperatures of +26°C and +10°C. At that the tomato seedlings, starting from the phase of the first true leaf, are subjected to daily exposure of temperature of +26°C for 21-22 hours and a temperature of +10°C for 2-3 hours during 16 days.

EFFECT: method enables to enhance the quality of tomato seedlings due to increasing biomass, the utilisation efficiency of light energy and acceleration of development of plants, and to reduce the energy consumption for cooling the facilities for growing seedlings.

1 dwg, 2 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture, in particular, to growing plants in protected ground. The method includes planting of plants and their growing with periodic lighting the plants. At that the lighting is carried out with optical radiation focused with use of an optical system comprising an optical energy source and a reflector, located outside the closed space with the ability of transmitting at least one beam of optical energy into the closed space on at least one rotatable reflector placed in the closed space with the ability of transmitting the optical energy to the plants. Moreover, the time of lighting of a plant for 0.5-1.0 seconds is used, with an interval between lighting of 9-15 seconds.

EFFECT: method enables to improve the efficiency of light-pulse treatment of plants and simplify growing the plants in the closed space.

10 cl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture and food industry, as well as aromatherapy. In the method the volume of fraction of volatile compounds of ethereal oil of mint leaves is determined in a period of technical ripeness. The volume of fraction is calculated from the difference between the amount of ethereal oil of secretory glands, obtained based on the number and size of the glands per unit of area of mint plant leaves using light microscope with a video system Lumenera Infinity 2 followed by data processing using the program Infinity camera V:5.02, and the volume of ethereal oil obtained by the method of hydrodistillation.

EFFECT: method enables to determine quickly the content of fraction of volatile compounds in the ethereal oil and carry out the selection of breeding material.

3 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture and, in particular, to selection. In the method the content of ethereal oil in leaves of mint plants is determined according to the total volume of the secretory glands. At that the quantity and size of the glands per unit of leaf area of a mint plant is obtained using a light microscope with video-system Lumenera Infinity 2 followed by data processing using the program Infinity camera V:5.02. Also, a light microscope with a digital camera and a scale rule or a binocular with an ocular micrometer is used.

EFFECT: method enables to speed up evaluation of the potential productivity of breeding samples.

3 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition contains, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, natural additives - Tetraphidopsida moss 10-15 and Juniperus squamata Holger juniper needles 8-9 or 9.1-9.5 or 9.8-11, and water - the balance.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

Up!